POLARIZATION PARAMETERS AND ANGULAR DISTRIBUTIONS IN PI+- P ELASTIC SCATTERING AT 100-GEV/C AND IN P P ELASTIC SCATTERING AT 100-GEV/C AND 300-GEV/C

Kline, R.V. ; Law, M.E. ; Pipkin, F.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 22 (1980) 553-572, 1980.
Inspire Record 158989 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24156

Measurements of the polarization parameters and angular distributions are reported for π±p elastic scattering at 100 GeV/c and for pp elastic scattering at 100- and 300-GeV/c incident momentum. The π±p data cover the kinematic range 0.18≤−t≤1.10 GeV2 and are in agreement with current Regge-model predictions. The pp data cover the kinematic range 0.15≤−t≤1.10 GeV2 and 0.15≤−t≤2.00 GeV2 at 100 and 300 GeV/c, respectively, and are found to be consistent with absorption-model predictions.

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POLARIZATION AND ANGULAR DISTRIBUTIONS IN ELASTIC P P SCATTERING AT 100-GEV AND 300-GEV.

Snyder, J.H. ; Auer, I.P. ; Bruckner, W. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 41 (1978) 781-784, 1978.
Inspire Record 132550 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20889

Measurements of the polarization parameter and angular distributions in pp elastic scattering at incident energies of 100 and 300 GeV are reported. The data cover the kinematic range 0.18<−t<2.0 GeV2. They are found to be consistent with absorption-model predictions.

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Measurement of the pi+ p and pi- p Polarization Parameters at 100-GeV/c

Auer, I.P. ; Hill, D. ; Sandler, B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 39 (1977) 313, 1977.
Inspire Record 121138 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20982

We report measurements of the polarization parameters in π+p and π−p elastic scattering at an incident momentum of 100 GeV/c. The results cover the range 0.18<~−t<~1.4 GeV2 and are in agreement with current Regge-model predictions.

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New Data on K- p --> K- p and anti-K0 n and a Partial Wave Analysis Between 1840-MeV and 2234-MeV Center-of-Mass Energy

Hemingway, R.J. ; Eades, J. ; Harmsen, D.M. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 91 (1975) 12-32, 1975.
Inspire Record 98477 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.32035

The angular distributions of the reactions K - p → K - p and K - p → K K 0 n have been measured at 23 incident K - momenta between 1.136 and 1.798 ifGeV/c using the bubble chamber technique. These data, together with other published data on the same reactions, including K - p polarisations, K̄N total cross sections, and measurements of Re ƒ(0)/ Im ƒ(0) , have been analysed in terms of partial-wave amplitudes. Resonance behaviour is confirmed for the P 03 partial wave at 1890 MeV. The resonance parameters of the F 15 (1915), F 17 (2030) and G 07 (2100) have been redetermined. No evidence has been found for new resonances coupling significantly to K K N in the energy region explored.

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First measurement of proton proton elastic scattering at RHIC

Bueltmann, Stephen L. ; Chiang, I.H. ; Chrien, R.E. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 579 (2004) 245-250, 2004.
Inspire Record 618968 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31705

The first result of the pp2pp experiment at RHIC on elastic scattering of polarized protons at sqrt{s} = 200 GeV is reported here. The exponential slope parameter b of the diffractive peak of the elastic cross section in the t range 0.010 <= |t| <= 0.019 (GeV/c)^2 was measured to be b = 16.3 +- 1.6 (stat.) +- 0.9 (syst.) (GeV/c)^{-2} .

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Spin correlation measurements for p (polarized) + p (polarized) elastic scattering at 497.5-MeV

Hoffmann, G.W. ; Barlett, M.L. ; Kielhorn, W. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 49 (1994) 630-632, 1994.
Inspire Record 383760 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25964

The spin correlation parameter A00NN for 497.5 MeV proton + proton elastic scattering was determined over the center-of-momentum scattering angle region 23.1°–64.9 °. The new A00NN extend to more forward angles than existing A00NN and have significantly smaller statistical errors (±0.01–0.04). The A00NN are qualitatively described by recent phase shift analyses, but a quantitative shape and normalization discrepancy remains in the forward angle region. These new data provide important constraints for nucleon-nucleon spin-dependent amplitudes at forward angles which are used in theoretical models of nucleon-nucleus scattering.

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Measurements of small angle proton proton elastic scattering at the cern intersecting storage rings

Amaldi, U. ; Biancastelli, R. ; Bosio, C. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 36 (1971) 504-508, 1971.
Inspire Record 69145 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28393

Proton-proton elastic scattering has been measured over the angular range 7 to 16 mrad at centre-of-mass energies of 31, 45 and 53 GeV using the CERN Intersecting Storage Rings. The results indicate that the diffraction peak has continued to shrink with increasing energy, but not as fast as suggested by the results at lower energies.

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Cross-Sections and Charged Multiplicity Distributions for pi- p and K- p Interactions at 147-GeV/c.

Fong, D. ; Heller, M. ; Shapiro, A.M. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 102 (1976) 386-404, 1976.
Inspire Record 112604 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36057

The results presented in this paper were obtained from a 105 000 frame exposure of the FNAL Hybrid Proportional Wire Chamber-30 inch Bubble Chamber System, in a tagged beam of 147 GeV/ c negative particles. Elastic, total and topological cross sections were obtained for both π − p and K − p interactions. Comparisons with other data, taken with various beam particles over large momentum intervals, show good agreement with KNO scaling, and similarity in the scaling behavior of σ n for the different beam particles.

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Large angle pi+ p and k+ p elastic scattering at 13.8 gev/c

Rubinstein, R. ; Cornillon, P. ; Grindhammer, Guenter ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 30 (1973) 1010-1012, 1973.
Inspire Record 84502 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21417

The differential cross section for π+p elastic scattering has been measured at 13.8 GeVc for 0.7<|t|<3.8(GeVc)2. The cross section is found to be equal to that previously obtained for π−p elastic scattering, except in the region |t|=2.8 (GeVc)2, where the π+p data do not show the prominent dip observed in π−p scattering. Data have also been obtained for 13.8−GeVc K+p elastic scattering for 0.8<|t|<2.2 (GeVc)2.

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First measurement of A(N) at s**(1/2) = 200-GeV in polarized proton-proton elastic scattering at RHIC

Bultmann, S. ; Chiang, I.H. ; Chrien, R.E. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 632 (2006) 167-172, 2006.
Inspire Record 688172 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31570

We report on the first measurement of the single spin analyzing power (A_N) at sqrt(s)=200GeV, obtained by the pp2pp experiment using polarized proton beams at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). Data points were measured in the four momentum transfer t range 0.01 < |t| < 0.03 (GeV/c)^2. Our result, averaged over the whole t-interval is about one standard deviation above the calculation, which uses interference between electromagnetic spin-flip amplitude and hadronic non-flip amplitude, the source of A_N. The difference could be explained by an additional contribution of a hadronic spin-flip amplitude to A_N.

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Measurement of the analyzing power A(N) in pp elastic scattering in the CNI region with a polarized atomic hydrogen gas jet target

Okada, H. ; Alekseev, I.G. ; Bravar, A. ; et al.
2006.
Inspire Record 707803 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41834

A precise measurement of the analyzing power $A_N$ in proton-proton elastic scattering in the region of 4-momentum transfer squared $0.001 < |t| < 0.032 ({\rm GeV}/c)^2$ has been performed using a polarized atomic hydrogen gas jet target and the 100 GeV/$c$ RHIC proton beam. The interference of the electromagnetic spin-flip amplitude with a hadronic spin-nonflip amplitude is predicted to generate a significant $A_N$ of 4--5%, peaking at $-t \simeq 0.003 ({\rm GeV}/c)^2$. This kinematic region is known as the Coulomb Nuclear Interference region. A possible hadronic spin-flip amplitude modifies this otherwise calculable prediction. Our data are well described by the CNI prediction with the electromagnetic spin-flip alone and do not support the presence of a large hadronic spin-flip amplitude.

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Excitation functions of the analyzing power in p p(pol.) scattering from 0.45-GeV to 2.5-GeV

The EDDA collaboration Altmeier, M. ; Bauer, F. ; Bisplinghoff, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 85 (2000) 1819-1822, 2000.
Inspire Record 537773 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19490

Excitation functions AN(pp,Θc.m.) of the analyzing power in pp→ elastic scattering have been measured with a polarized atomic hydrogen target for projectile momenta pp between 1000 and 3300 MeV/ c. The experiment was performed for scattering angles 30°≤Θc.m.≤90° using the recirculating beam of the proton storage ring COSY during acceleration. The resulting excitation functions and angular distributions of high internal consistency have significant impact on the recent phase shift solution SAID SP99, in particular, on the spin triplet phase shifts between 1000 and 1800 MeV, and demonstrate the limited predictive power of single-energy phase shift solutions at these energies.

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Proton-proton spin correlation measurements at 200 MeV with an internal target in a storage ring

Haeberli, W. ; Lorentz, B. ; Rathmann, F. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 55 (1997) 597-613, 1997.
Inspire Record 464240 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25711

Measurements of the pp spin correlation coefficients Axx, Ayy, and Axz and analyzing power Ay for pp elastic scattering at 197.8 MeV over the angular range 4.5°–17.5° have been carried out. The statistical accuracy is approximately ±0.01 for Amn and ±0.004 for Ay, while the corresponding scale factor uncertainties are 2.4% and 1.3%, respectively. The experiment makes use of a polarized hydrogen gas target internal to a proton storage ring (IUCF Cooler) and a circulating beam of polarized protons. The target polarization (Q=0.79) is switched in sign and in direction (x,y,z) every 2 s by reversing a weak guide field (about 0.3 mT). The forward-scattered protons are detected in two sets of wire chambers and a scintillator, while recoil protons are detected in coincidence with the forward protons by silicon strip detectors placed 5 cm from the proton beam. The background rate from scattering by the walls of the target cell is (0.2±0.2)% of the good event rate. Analysis methods and comparisons with pp potential models and pp partial wave analyses are described.

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Absolute measurement of the p+p analyzing power at 183 MeV

von Przewoski, B. ; Meyer, H.O. ; Pancella, P.V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 44 (1991) 44-49, 1991.
Inspire Record 327386 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26154

The analyzing power Ay for p+p elastic scattering at θlab=8.64°±0.07° (θcms=18.1°) and at a bombarding energy of 183.1±0.4 MeV has been determined to be Ay=0.2122±0.0017. The error includes statistics, systematic uncertainties, and the uncertainty in bombarding energy and angle. This measurement represents a calibration standard for polarized beams in this energy range. The absolute scale for the measurement has been obtained by comparison with p+C elastic scattering at the same energy at an angle where Ay is very nearly unity.

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Polarization in pi- p Elastic Scattering at 1180-MeV/c, 1250-MeV/c, and 1360-MeV/c

Barrelet, E. ; Chamberlain, O. ; Gorn, W. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 15 (1977) 2435, 1977.
Inspire Record 110059 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24619

We have measured the polarization parameter in π−p elastic scattering at laboratory momenta of 1180, 1250, and 1360 MeV/c in the angular interval 65°<θc.m.<115°. The results were used to show that the polarized target used in these (and other similar) experiments was uniformly polarized. These measurements were also used to resolve pre-existing experimental discrepancies in the determination of the polarization parameter, and to clarify the behavior of scattering amplitudes in this energy range. We show that local measurements of this type are important in resolving discrete ambiguities affecting the energy continuation of the amplitudes. An important by-product of this experiment is the development of a fast method of reconstructing particle trajectories and fitting the elastic events, which could have a significant impact for future high-statistics experiments.

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The Real Part of the Forward Proton Proton Scattering Amplitude Measured at the CERN Intersecting Storage Rings

Amaldi, U. ; Cocconi, G. ; Diddens, A.N. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 66 (1977) 390-394, 1977.
Inspire Record 110800 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27584

The real part of the proton proton elastic scattering amplitude has been determined from its interference with the Coulomb amplitude at total centre-of-mass energies up to 62 GeV. The observed steady increase of ϱ with energy indicates that the total proton proton cross section continues to increase well beyond this energy.

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Measurement of the polarization parameter in $\pi^{pm}p$ scattering from 356 to 519 MeV/c

Gorn, W. ;
PhD Thesis, Calif. U. Berkeley, 1973.
Inspire Record 923202 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.1150
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Double Spin Asymmetries A(NN) and A(SS) at s**(1/2) = 200-GeV in Polarized Proton-Proton Elastic Scattering at RHIC

The pp2pp collaboration Bultmann, S. ; Chiang, I.H. ; Chrien, R.E. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 647 (2007) 98-103, 2007.
Inspire Record 729168 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31499

We present the first measurements of the double spin asymmetries A_NN and A_SS at sqrt{s}=200 GeV, obtained by the pp2pp experiment using polarized proton beams at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). The data were collected in the four momentum transfer t range 0.01<|t|<0.03 (GeV/c)^2. The measured asymmetries, which are consistent with zero, allow us to estimate upper limits on the double helicity-flip amplitudes phi_2 and phi_4 at small t as well as on the difference Delta(sigma_T) between the total cross sections for transversely polarized protons with antiparallel or parallel spin orientations.

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Measurement of spin correlation parameters A(NN), A(SS), and A(SL) at 2.1-GeV in proton proton elactic scattering

Bauer, F. ; Bisplinghoff, J. ; Busser, K. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 90 (2003) 142301, 2003.
Inspire Record 594512 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31721

At the Cooler Synchrotron COSY/J\ulich spin correlation parameters in elastic proton-proton (pp) scattering have been measured with a 2.11 GeV polarized proton beam and a polarized hydrogen atomic beam target. We report results for A$_{NN}$, A$_{SS}$, and A_${SL}$ for c.m. scattering angles between 30$^o$ and 90$^o$. Our data on A$_{SS}$ -- the first measurement of this observable above 800 MeV -- clearly disagrees with predictions of available of pp scattering phase shift solutions while A$_{NN}$ and A_${SL}$ are reproduced reasonably well. We show that in the direct reconstruction of the scattering amplitudes from the body of available pp elastic scattering data at 2.1 GeV the number of possible solutions is considerably reduced.

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Measurements of Spin Spin Correlation Parameters Up to 2.5-{GeV}/$c$ Incident Momentum for a Decisive Clarification of the Structure Observed in the $p p$ System

Auer, I.P. ; Colton, E. ; Ditzler, W.R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 51 (1983) 1411, 1983.
Inspire Record 191101 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20512

Recent data are presented on spin-spin correlation parameters CLL=(L,L;0,0) and CSL=(S,L;0,0) at forward angles from 1.18 to 2.47 GeV/c incident momenta in proton-proton elastic scattering. Values for ΔσL (inelastic) are derived and are shown to disagree with predictions of theoretical models attempting to describe p−p scattering without dibaryon resonances. Finally, the CLL and CSL data discriminate among various phase-shift solutions, and will lead to a clarification of the p−p phase shifts.

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Measurement of the Spin Correlation Parameters a(00kk), a(00ks) and a(00ss) in the p p Elastic Scattering Between 400-MeV and 600-MeV

Aprile, E. ; Hausammann, R. ; Heer, E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 28 (1983) 21-39, 1983.
Inspire Record 162345 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23773

We have measured the spin-correlation parameters A00kk, A00ks, and A00ss in p−p scattering between 400 and 600 MeV using a longitudinally polarized beam and a butanol target polarized in the horizontal plane. Owing to the restrictive geometrical acceptance of the target, the polarization axis of the target was oriented at an angle α with respect to beam direction. The parameters A00kk and A00ks were therefore measured as a linear combination at 577, 536, 514, 494, and 445 MeV. These experiments were extended to the measurement of A00ks and A00ss by using a transversely polarized beam. We present the results, which are compared with phase-shift predictions.

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Study of Elastic $\pi^+ p$, $K^+ p$ and $p p$ Scattering at 250-{GeV}/$c$

The NA22 collaboration Adamus, M. ; Ajinenko, I.V. ; Agababyan, N.M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 186 (1987) 223-226, 1987.
Inspire Record 246909 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.40833

Results are presented on π + p and K + p elastic scattering at 250 GeV/ c , the highest momentum so far reached for positive meson beams. The experiment (NA22) was performed with the european hybrid spectrometer. The π + p elastic cross section stays constant with energy while the K + p cross section increases.

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Pi-plus-minus p elastic scattering in the 2-gev region

Busza, W. ; Duff, B.G. ; Garbutt, D.A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 180 (1969) 1339-1348, 1969.
Inspire Record 55449 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.6227

π±p elastic differential cross sections in the momentum range 1.72-2.80 GeV/c have been measured at the proton synchrotron "NIMROD" of the Rutherford High Energy Laboratory. The results are tabulated, and analyses of the differential cross sections employing optical models and Legendre polynomial expansions are advanced. A critical discussion of a recent interpretation of differential-cross-section structure in terms of interference between resonant and background amplitudes is presented.

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The Differential Cross-section for Proton Proton Elastic Scattering at 90-degrees $c$.m. Between 300-{MeV} and 500-{MeV}

Ottewell, D. ; Walden, P. ; Auld, E.G. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.A 412 (1984) 189-194, 1984.
Inspire Record 191877 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37041

The absolute differential cross section for proton-proton elastic scattering has been measured at 90° c.m. for 300, 350, 400, 450 and 500 MeV. The statistical uncertainty of the measurements is 0.5% with an additional systematic normalization uncertainty of 1.8%. The results are compared to phase-shift analyses.

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Large angle pi- proton elastic scattering at 14 and 23 gev/c

Cornillon, P. ; Grindhammer, Guenter ; Klems, J.H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 30 (1973) 403-406, 1973.
Inspire Record 84550 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21401

The differential cross section for π−−p elastic scattering has been measured at 13.8 and 22.6 GeV/c up to −t=5 (GeV/c)2. The dips in the angular distribution at −t≈0.8 and 2.8 (GeV/c)2 previously observed at lower momenta become less prominent at higher momentum. The −t=2.8 (GeV/c)2 dip is still observed at 13.8 GeV/c, but at 22.6 GeV/c it has become a sharp kink in the angular distribution. At large momentum transfers, dσdt at fixed t is still decreasing with increasing s, but at a slower rate in the 14- to 23-GeV/c region than at lower momenta.

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