pi- p and K- p Elastic Scattering at 6.2-GeV/c

Buran, T. ; Eide, A. ; Helgaker, P. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 111 (1976) 1-19, 1976.
Inspire Record 108747 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.35657

Data on 6.2 GeV/ c π − p and K − p elastic scattering cross sections are presented in the range 0.3 < − t < 10.7 (GeV/ c ) 2 .

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An Experimental Study of Large Angle Elastic Scattering of Charged Mesons and Anti-protons on Protons at 20-{GeV}/$c$ and 30-{GeV}/$c$

The Annecy(LAPP)-CERN-Bohr Inst-Genoa-Oslo-London collaboration Baglin, C. ; Bock, R. ; Brobakken, K. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 216 (1983) 1-39, 1983.
Inspire Record 180922 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.34020

A description is given of an experiment to study elastic scattering of π ± , K ± and p on protons at c.m. scattering angles from 45° to 100° at incident laboratory momenta 20 GeV/ c and 30 GeV/ c . The corresponding t range is from −6.2 (GeV/ c ) 2 to −28 (GeV/ c ) 2 . There are no previous observations for these reactions in this t range. High intensity and large geometrical acceptance were required in order to measure the low cross sections. The experiment used a double-arm spectrometer. MWPCs were used for reconstruction, and threshold and differential Čerenkov counters for identification. Scintillation counters, Čerenkov counters and a hadron calorimeter were used in the trigger. The trigger logic utilized specially designed matrices and a hard wired microprocessor. The π − p elastic scattering cross sections follow approximately the dimensional counting rule from 3.5 GeV/ c .and up to 30 GeV/ c . The cross sections decrease by seven orders of magnitude in this energy range. The data is compared to quark models. None of these models give a comprehensive description of the results. However, some modifications to these models improve their consistency with the data.

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Pion - Proton Elastic Scattering at 20-{GeV}/$c$ and 50-{GeV}/$c$ Incident Momenta in the Momentum Transfer Range 0.7-{GeV}/$c < sqrt{t}< 8$-{GeV}/$c$

The Annecy(Lapp)-CERN-Bohr Inst-Genoa-Oslo-London collaboration Asad, Z. ; Baglin, C. ; Benso, S. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 118 (1982) 442, 1982.
Inspire Record 179091 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30852

Measurements of the differential elastic cross sections for π − p scattering at incident momenta of 20 and 50 GeV c and π + p at 50 GeV c in the momentum transfer range 0.7 < |t|; < 8.0 ( GeV c ) 2 are presented. The data are compared with various models of elastic scattering.

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Large Angle Elastic Scattering of Charged Pions on Protons at 20-{GeV}/c and 30-{GeV}/c Incident Momenta

The Annecy(LAPP)-CERN-Bohr Inst-Genoa-Oslo-London collaboration Almas, R. ; Baglin, C. ; Bock, R. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 93 (1980) 199-202, 1980.
Inspire Record 152838 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27195

Elastic cross-section measurements are presented for π ± −p at 20 GeV/ c and π − −p at 30 GeV/ c incident momenta in the large angle region (50° to 90° in the c.m. system). The data are compared with published lower energy elastic cross sections. A test is made of the dimensional counting rules for π ± −p elastic scattering and some indication of a deviation from this rule is observed in the π − −p case. A comparison is also made with the predictions of the constituent interchange model. Although the broad features of the predictions are confirmed, there are some important discrepancies. Finally, the predictions of the model due to Preparata and Soffer are also compared with the new data.

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NEW RESULTS ON KAON - PROTON ELASTIC SCATTERING AT LARGE MOMENTUM TRANSFERS

The Annecy(LAPP)-CERN-Bohr Inst-Genoa-Oslo-London collaboration Asad, Z. ; Baglin, C. ; Bock, R. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 123 (1983) 265-268, 1983.
Inspire Record 182422 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30730

Measurements of the K - p and K + p elastic differential cross sections at 20 and 50 GeV/ c , respectively, have been made in the momentum transfer range 0.7 < ∥ t ∥ < 8.0 GeV/ c .

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$K^\pm p$ Large Angle Elastic Scattering at 20-{GeV}/$c$ and 30-{GeV}/$c$

The Annecy(LAPP)-CERN-Bohr Inst-Genoa-Oslo-London collaboration Almas, R. ; Baglin, C. ; Bock, R. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B, 1980.
Inspire Record 153574 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49655
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$K^- p$ and $\bar{p} p$ Elastic Scattering at 10.1-{GeV}/$c$

Berglund, A. ; Buran, T. ; Carlson, P.J. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 176 (1980) 346-354, 1980.
Inspire Record 133174 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.34457

The differential cross sections for K − p and p p elastic scattering have been measured over the range of four-momentum transfer squared 0.18<− t <3.3 (GeV/ c ) 2 . The K − p data decrease smoothly as a function of − t , whereas, the p p data shows a break at − t = 0.6 (GeV/ c ) 2 followed by a fast drop to − t ≅ 1.6 (GeV/ c ) 2 where the differential cross section levels off and stays constant out to − t = 3 (GeV/ c ) 2 .

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Proton Proton Elastic Scattering at 50-{GeV}/$c$ Incident Momentum in the Momentum Transfer Range 0.8-{GeV}/$c^2 < -t < 4.0-${GeV}/$c^2$

The Annecy(LAPP)-CERN-Bohr Inst-Genoa-Oslo-London collaboration Asad, Z. ; Baglin, C. ; Bock, R. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 128 (1983) 124-128, 1983.
Inspire Record 190337 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30704

A measurement of the proton-proton elastic differential cross section at 50 GeV/ c incident momentum in the momentum transfer range 0.8<| t |<4.0 (GeV/ c ) 2 is presented. The data are compared to pp data at lower and higher energies, and to some model predictions.

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Elastic Scattering of Charged Mesons, Anti-protons and Protons on Protons at Incident Momenta of 20-{GeV}/$c$, 30-{GeV}/$c$ and 50-{GeV}/$c$ in the Momentum Transfer Range $0.5-{\rm GeV}/c^2 < -t < 8-{\rm GeV}/c^2$

The Annecy(LAPP)-CERN-Bohr Inst-Genoa-Oslo-London collaboration Asad, Z. ; Baglin, C. ; Bock, R. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 255 (1985) 273-327, 1985.
Inspire Record 206292 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.33789

Results are presented from experiment WA7 at the CERN SPS, which has measured the elastic differential cross sections of π ± p, K ± p, p p and pp at incident momen ta of 20, 30 and 50 GeV/ c . The measurements cover the momentum transfer range 0.5 < | t | < 8 (GeV/ c ) 2 , corresponding to c.m. scattering angles between 10° and 50°. The experimental set-up, trigger logic and data analysis are described. The experimental results are compared with existing meson-proton and nucleon-proton data at lower and higher energies covering the medium- and large-| t | region. Some prominent models and their predictions for elastic scattering at WA7 energies and beyond are reviewed, with emphasis on geometrical scaling, factorizing eikonal models, lowest-order QCD and other dynamical exchange-type models. Results for p p two-body annihilation into π − π + and K − K + at 30 and 50 GeV/ c , obtained in parallel with the elastic p p data, are also presented.

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Polarization Measurements in π p+ p and K p+ p elastic scattering at 6 and 12 GeV/ c with the CERN polarized deuteron target

Fujisaki, M. ; Babou, M. ; Bystricky, J. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 151 (1979) 206-212, 1979.
Inspire Record 145595 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.34795

The polarization in π + p → π + p and K + p → K + p has been measured at 6 and 12 GeV/ c in the four-momentum transfer interval 0.1 ⩽ | t | ⩽ 2.0 (GeV/ c ) 2 by scattering on protons of a polarized deuteron target. Comparison with existing results obtained with polarized proton targets shows good general agreement and no evidence for asymmetry effects due to the presence of the spectator neutron. For K + p elastic scattering polarization the experiment yields improved statistics, especially at 6 GeV/ c

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Spin correlation measurements for p (polarized) + p (polarized) elastic scattering at 497.5-MeV

Hoffmann, G.W. ; Barlett, M.L. ; Kielhorn, W. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 49 (1994) 630-632, 1994.
Inspire Record 383760 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25964

The spin correlation parameter A00NN for 497.5 MeV proton + proton elastic scattering was determined over the center-of-momentum scattering angle region 23.1°–64.9 °. The new A00NN extend to more forward angles than existing A00NN and have significantly smaller statistical errors (±0.01–0.04). The A00NN are qualitatively described by recent phase shift analyses, but a quantitative shape and normalization discrepancy remains in the forward angle region. These new data provide important constraints for nucleon-nucleon spin-dependent amplitudes at forward angles which are used in theoretical models of nucleon-nucleus scattering.

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Measurements of $\pi^- p$ Elastic Scattering in the Coulomb Interference Region at High-energies

Burq, J.P. ; Chemarin, M. ; Chevallier, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 77 (1978) 438-442, 1978.
Inspire Record 131449 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27428

The differential cross section has been measured at 30, 50, 80, 100, 120 and 140 GeV/ c for 0.002 < | t | < 0.04 ( GeV / c ) 2 . The results show that the π − p real part goes from negative to positive values below 80 GeV/ c . The slope parameter in the t -region measured is significantly higher than what has been found − t = 0.2 (GeV/ c ) 2 .

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Cross-Sections and Charged Multiplicity Distributions for pi- p and K- p Interactions at 147-GeV/c.

Fong, D. ; Heller, M. ; Shapiro, A.M. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 102 (1976) 386-404, 1976.
Inspire Record 112604 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36057

The results presented in this paper were obtained from a 105 000 frame exposure of the FNAL Hybrid Proportional Wire Chamber-30 inch Bubble Chamber System, in a tagged beam of 147 GeV/ c negative particles. Elastic, total and topological cross sections were obtained for both π − p and K − p interactions. Comparisons with other data, taken with various beam particles over large momentum intervals, show good agreement with KNO scaling, and similarity in the scaling behavior of σ n for the different beam particles.

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Coulomb-Nuclear Interference in pi+- p and K+- p Elastic Scattering Below 3-GeV: Measurements, Real Parts and K+- p Dispersion Relations

Baillon, P. ; Bricman, C. ; Ferro-Luzzi, M. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 105 (1976) 365-430, 1976.
Inspire Record 101037 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.13243

The differential cross sections for π + p elastic scattering at0.6, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, GeV/ c for π - p at 1.0, 1.5, 2.0 GeV/ c , for K - p at 1.2, 1.8, 2.6 GeV/ c and for K - p at 0.9, 1.2, 1.4, 1.6, 1.8, 2.6 GeV/ c have been measured with an overall accuracy ofthe order of 1 to 2% in an electronics experiment over the angular region corresponding to momentum transfer t between 0.0005 and 0.10 GeV 2 . Making use of the interference effects between the Coulomb and the nuclear interaction, we have determined the magnitude and sign of the real part of the scattering amplitude near t = 0. The K ± p real parts have been used in a dispersion relation to derive the value of the KNΛ coupling constant.

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Measurement of the Polarization in Large Angle $\pi^- P$ Elastic Scattering at 2.93-{GeV}/c and 3.25-{GeV}/c

Auer, I.P. ; Bridges, D. ; Droege, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 24 (1981) 1771-1784, 1981.
Inspire Record 172691 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24055

We have measured the polarization for elastic scattering in the reaction π−p→π−p at 2.93 and 3.25 GeV/c using a polarized proton target and multiwire proportional chambers (MWPC's) with emphasis on large-angle scattering. Events were selected by fast scintillation-counter logic. Beam trajectories were measured with four MWPC's and the scattered-particle angles were measured with one or two MWPC's; elastic events were determined by coplanarity and angle-angle correlations. The polarization is in agreement with previous measurements below |t|=2.0 (GeV/c)2, and crosses from negative to positive near the secondary dip in the differential cross section dσdt. In the backward region, an energy dependence appears with the polarization being large and negative at 2.93 GeV/c and consistent with zero at 3.25 GeV/c.

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MEASUREMENT OF N P AND P P ASYMMETRY WITH AN ACCELERATED POLARIZED DEUTERON BEAM FROM 725-MEV TO 1000-MEV PER NUCLEON

Bystricky, J. ; Deregel, J. ; Lehar, F. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.A 444 (1985) 597-610, 1985.
Inspire Record 222367 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37022

The accelerated polarized deuteron beam of Saturn II was used to measure the analyzing power for np elastic scattering at five energies. The left-right asymmetries ε = (L + R)/(L + R) for np and for pp elastic scattering were measured simultaneously by CH 2 − carbon subtraction using one of the beam-line polarimeters. The analyzing power A 00 n 0 (np) is given by the ratio ε np d / ε pp d multiplied by the known analyzing power for pp elastic scattering. Experimental evidence is consistent with the underlying assumption that in the kinetmatic region of the experiment the ratio of the np to pp analyzing powers for scattering of quasifree nucleons in deuterons is the same as for scattering of free neutrons and protons, respectively.

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Energy dependent measurements of the p p elastic analyzing power and narrow dibaryon resonances

Kobayashi, Y. ; Kobayashi, K. ; Nakagawa, T. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.A 569 (1994) 791-820, 1994.
Inspire Record 320015 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38528

The energy dependence of the pp elastic analyzing power has been measured using an internal target during polarized beam acceleration. The data were obtained in incident-energy steps varying from 4 to 17 MeV over an energy range from 0.5 to 2.0 GeV. The statistical uncertainty of the analyzing power is typically less than 0.01. A narrow structure is observed around 2.17 GeV in the two-proton invariant mass distribution. A possible explanation for the structure with narrow resonances is discussed.

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Measurement of the Polarization in Backward Angle pi- p Elastic Scattering at 2.93-GeV/c and 3.25-GeV/c

Auer, P. ; Bridges, D. ; Droege, T. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 113 (1976) 279-284, 1976.
Inspire Record 3320 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.35605

Polarization in π − p elastic scattering, with emphasis over the backward region, has been measured at 2.93 and 3.25 GeV/ c . We observe large changes in polarization compared with existing data above and below these energies. Our data may be useful in determining the properties of resonances and in understanding baryon exchanges.

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Measurement of the analyzing power A(N) in pp elastic scattering in the CNI region with a polarized atomic hydrogen gas jet target

Okada, H. ; Alekseev, I.G. ; Bravar, A. ; et al.
2006.
Inspire Record 707803 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41834

A precise measurement of the analyzing power $A_N$ in proton-proton elastic scattering in the region of 4-momentum transfer squared $0.001 < |t| < 0.032 ({\rm GeV}/c)^2$ has been performed using a polarized atomic hydrogen gas jet target and the 100 GeV/$c$ RHIC proton beam. The interference of the electromagnetic spin-flip amplitude with a hadronic spin-nonflip amplitude is predicted to generate a significant $A_N$ of 4--5%, peaking at $-t \simeq 0.003 ({\rm GeV}/c)^2$. This kinematic region is known as the Coulomb Nuclear Interference region. A possible hadronic spin-flip amplitude modifies this otherwise calculable prediction. Our data are well described by the CNI prediction with the electromagnetic spin-flip alone and do not support the presence of a large hadronic spin-flip amplitude.

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High precision measurement of A in large P(T)**2 spin polarized 24-GeV/c proton proton elastic scattering

Crabb, D.G. ; Kaufman, W.A. ; Krisch, A.D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 65 (1990) 3241-3244, 1990.
Inspire Record 299843 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19939

We measured the analyzing power A out to P⊥2=7.1 (GeV/c)2 with high precision by scattering a 24-GeV/c unpolarized proton beam from the new University of Michigan polarized proton target; the target’s 1-W cooling power allowed a beam intensity of more than 2×1011 protons per pulse. This high beam intensity together with the unexpectedly high average target polarization of about 85% allowed unusually accurate measurements of A at large P⊥2. These precise data confirmed that the one-spin parameter A is nonzero and indeed quite large at high P⊥2; most theoretical models predict that A should go to zero.

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Spin Effects in $p p$ Elastic Scattering at 28-{GeV}/$c$

Hansen, P.H. ; O'Fallon, J.R. ; Danby, G.T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 50 (1983) 802, 1983.
Inspire Record 182130 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20535

The analyzing power, A, was measured in proton-proton elastic scattering with use of a polarized proton target and 28-GeV/c primary protons from the alternating-gradient synchrotron. Over the P⊥2 range of 0.5 to 2.8 (GeV/c)2, the data show interesting structure. There is a rather sharp dip at P⊥2=0.8 (GeV/c)2 corresponding to the break in the elastic differential cross section at the end of the diffraction peak.

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Excitation functions of the analyzing power in p p(pol.) scattering from 0.45-GeV to 2.5-GeV

The EDDA collaboration Altmeier, M. ; Bauer, F. ; Bisplinghoff, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 85 (2000) 1819-1822, 2000.
Inspire Record 537773 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19490

Excitation functions AN(pp,Θc.m.) of the analyzing power in pp→ elastic scattering have been measured with a polarized atomic hydrogen target for projectile momenta pp between 1000 and 3300 MeV/ c. The experiment was performed for scattering angles 30°≤Θc.m.≤90° using the recirculating beam of the proton storage ring COSY during acceleration. The resulting excitation functions and angular distributions of high internal consistency have significant impact on the recent phase shift solution SAID SP99, in particular, on the spin triplet phase shifts between 1000 and 1800 MeV, and demonstrate the limited predictive power of single-energy phase shift solutions at these energies.

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Analyzing power measurement of p p elastic scattering in the Coulomb - nuclear interference region with the 200-GeV/c polarized proton beam at Fermilab

The E581/704 collaboration Akchurin, N. ; Langland, J. ; Onel, Y. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 48 (1993) 3026-3036, 1993.
Inspire Record 364576 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22670

The analyzing power AN of proton-proton elastic scattering in the Coulomb-nuclear interference region has been measured using the 200-GeV/c Fermilab polarized proton beam. A theoretically predicted interference between the hadronic non-spin-flip amplitude and the electromagnetic spin-flip amplitude is shown for the first time to be present at high energies in the region of 1.5 × 10−3 to 5.0 × 10−2 (GeV/c)2 four-momentum transfer squared, and our results are analyzed in connection with theoretical calculations. In addition, the role of possible contributions of the hadronic spin-flip amplitude is discussed.

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Polarization in p p Elastic Scattering at Small |t|

Klem, R.D. ; Courant, H.W. ; Lee, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 15 (1977) 602-603, 1977.
Inspire Record 124114 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24547

We have measured the polarization parameter for proton-proton elastic scattering at p0 = 6 GeV/c for |t|<0.5 (GeV/c)2 using the polarized proton beam at the Argonne Zero Gradient Synchrotron. These data, together with all previous measurements in this t region, are well fitted by the empirical relation P = (0.481±0.010)(−t)12exp(2.291±0.085)t.

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Proton-proton spin correlation measurements at 200 MeV with an internal target in a storage ring

Haeberli, W. ; Lorentz, B. ; Rathmann, F. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 55 (1997) 597-613, 1997.
Inspire Record 464240 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25711

Measurements of the pp spin correlation coefficients Axx, Ayy, and Axz and analyzing power Ay for pp elastic scattering at 197.8 MeV over the angular range 4.5°–17.5° have been carried out. The statistical accuracy is approximately ±0.01 for Amn and ±0.004 for Ay, while the corresponding scale factor uncertainties are 2.4% and 1.3%, respectively. The experiment makes use of a polarized hydrogen gas target internal to a proton storage ring (IUCF Cooler) and a circulating beam of polarized protons. The target polarization (Q=0.79) is switched in sign and in direction (x,y,z) every 2 s by reversing a weak guide field (about 0.3 mT). The forward-scattered protons are detected in two sets of wire chambers and a scintillator, while recoil protons are detected in coincidence with the forward protons by silicon strip detectors placed 5 cm from the proton beam. The background rate from scattering by the walls of the target cell is (0.2±0.2)% of the good event rate. Analysis methods and comparisons with pp potential models and pp partial wave analyses are described.

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