The polarization parameter in π + p backward elastic scattering at 6 GeV/ c incident pion momentum has been measured using a butanol polarized proton target, a high intensity pion beam, and a scintillation hodoscope detection system. Details of the apparatus and data analysis are presented here, together with the final results.
The polarization parameter in proton-proton elastic scattering has been measured at an incident momentum of 7.9 GeV/ c and four-momentum transfers in the range 0.9 < | t | < 6.5 (GeV/ c ) 2 using a high intensity unpolarized proton beam incident on a polarized proton target. The angle and momentum of the forward scattered protons were measured with a magnet spectrometer and scintillation counter hodoscopes and the angle of the recoil proton was measured using similar hodoscopes. A clean separation between the elastic scattering from free hydrogen and that coming from inelastic interactions and from interactions with complex nuclei in the target was obtained. The polarization shows substantial structure rising from zero at | t | = 1.0 (GeV/ c ) 2 to a maximum at | t | = 1.7 (GeV/ c ) 2 and then falling to zero at | t | = 2.0 (GeV/ c ) 2 . There is evidence of a further peak at | t | = 2.8 (GeV/ c ) 2 . Above | t | = 3.25 (GeV/ c ) 2 the polarization is small and consistent with zero. A comparison of these data with data obtained at other beam momenta shows that the polarization parameter has a strong momentum dependence.
A measurement of the polarization parameter P 0 in pp elastic scattering has been made at 24 GeV/ c over the range of momentum transfer squared 0.7 < | t | < 5.0 (GeV/ c ) 2 . The structure of P 0 has changed compared to typical lower energy data. The second peak is suppressed and a dip has appeared at | t | = 3.6 (GeV/ c ) 2 .
The polarization parameter in π − p elastic scattering has been measured in the backward angular region at an incident momentum of 6 GeV/ c . The measurements cover the range of four momentum transfer u = 0 to −1 (GeV/ c ) 2 , and were obtained with a high intensity pion beam, a butanol polarized proton target, and arrays of scintillation counter hodoscopes. The polarization is different from zero, in contradiction to the prediction of the naive one trajectory Regge-exchange model. It increases positively with the four-momentum transfer u, reaching a maximum of about 0.4 at u ≈ −0.3 (GeV/c)2. It then decreases and becomes slightly negative beyond u ≈ −0.5 (GeV/c)2. A variety of baryon exchange models are briefly reviewed and none are found to be in complete agreement with all the experimental data.
A measurement of the polarization parameter P 0 in pp elastic scattering has been made at 24 GeV/ c over the range | t | = 0.1 to 0.9 (GeV/ c ) 2 , positive, falling to zero around | t | = 0.8 (GeV/ c ) 2 . For the range 0.1 ⪕ |t| ⪕ 0.4 GeV /c) 2 , P 0 is constant at about 0.03.
Axis error includes +- 5/5 contribution (SYS-ERR DUE MAINLY TO UNCERTAINTY IN KNOWLEDGE OF ABSOLUTE VALUE OF TARGET POLARIZATION).
Results on polarization in π − p and π + p forward elastic scattering at 10, 14 and 17.5 GeV/ c are presented.
Data on the polarization parameter in pp elastic scattering in the | t |-range from ∼0.1 to ∼ 2.9 (GeV/ c ) 2 and at 10, 14 and 17.5 GeV/ c are presented.
Results on polarization in K − p, K + p and p̄p forward elastic scattering at 10 and 14 GeV/ c are presented.
We report results from a measurement of antiproton-proton and proton-proton small-angle elastic scattering at √ s = 24.3 GeV in the range 0.001 ⩽ | t | ⩽ 0.06 (GeV/ c ) 2 . The measurement was performed at the CERN p p Collider by using silicon detectors to observe protons recoiling from a hydrogen cluster-jet target intercepting the stored p and p beams. Fits to the measured differential cross sections yield the ratio of the real to the imaginary part of the forward nuclear scattering amplitude ρ and the nuclear slope parameter b for both p p and pp. We find that the difference Δρ = ρ ( p p ) − ρ( pp ) = 0.031 ± 0.010 agrees with conventional fits and disagrees with the “odderon” fit designed to accommodate the recent UA4 measurement of ρ( p p) at 546 GeV.
Data requested from authors.
Nuclear slopes fixed to world average.
Experimental results are presented for the polarization parameter P 0 in π ± p , K ± p , pp, and p ̄ p elastic scattering at 6 GeV/ c , and in the range of the invariant four-momentum transfer squared − t from 0.05 to ∼ 2.0 (GeV/ c ) 2 .