An energy-independent phase-shift analysis ofπ+p-scattering has been carried out at 16 energies in the region 194–600 MeV. The new data on elastic polarization, obtained in LNPI up to 1983, were included.
The ITEP-PNPI collaboration presents the first results of the spin rotation parameter A + measurements in the second resonance region. The experiment was performed at the ITEP accelerator at a positive pion beam momentum 1.43 GeV/c for scattering angles θ cm = 127° and 133°. The setup was based on a polarized proton target and a carbon-plate polarimeter. The obtained data is compared with the predictions of the existing partial-wave analyses.
The ITEP-PNPI collaboration presents the results of the measurements of the spin rotation parameter A in the elastic scattering of positive and negative pions on protons at P_beam = 1.62 GeV/c. The setup included a longitudinally-polarized proton target with superconductive magnet, multiwire spark chambers and a carbon polarimeter with thick filter. Results are compared to the predictions of partial wave analyses. The experiment was performed at the ITEP proton synchrotron, Moscow.
About 3700 two-prong and 5600 four-prong events of 10-GeV/c pp interactions in the Saclay 81-cm hydrogen bubble chamber have been measured and analyzed. The reliability of the identification of the different final states has been checked using Monte Carlo-generated events. For the channels accessible to analysis, cross sections and invariant-mass distributions are given. The c.m. angular distributions and the mean values of the transverse momentum for all final-state particles are shown and discussed. Production of Δ++(1236) accounts for about 30% of the cross section σ(pp→pnπ+)=4.1±0.4 mb. About 50% of the cross section σ(pp→ppπ+π−)=2.4±0.2 mb can be accounted for by Δ++ production. Production of nucleon isobars at 1450, 1520, and 1730 MeV and their subsequent decay into pπ+π− are investigated. Their cross sections, t dependences, and branching ratios are determined, using a one-pion-exchange model (OPEM) for calculating the background distributions. The production of resonances decaying into pπ− at 1236, 1500, and 1690 MeV is seen, and cross sections are given. Resonance production in the ppπ+π−π0 and pnπ+π+π− reactions is studied using background curves calculated with a model based on simple parametrizations of the c.m. momentum distributions. The production of nucleon isobars accounts for nearly 100% of these reactions. For the reactions pp→ppω, ppη, and ppf0, the cross sections found are 0.16±0.03, 0.16±0.07, and 0.10±0.04 mb, respectively, corrected for unobserved decay modes. It is shown that most of the gross features of the pion-production reactions can be explained by the OPEM with the form factors of Ferrari and Selleri.