We have measured the backward differential cross section in π−p elastic scattering at 31 momenta from 1.28 to 3.0 GeV/c. These measurements covered the center-of-mass angular range of 125°-178° corresponding to −0.570≲cosθc.m.≲−0.999. Considerable structure in the angular distribution is found. We compare these data with data from other experimets and to predictions made by the latest phase-shift solution. We find, in general, good agreement with other data in the few regions of overlap. The fits from the phase-shift solution do not accurately reproduce these data at low momenta below 1.9 GeV/c but give excellent agreement above this momentum.
As part of a program of measurements of the πp system we have measured the backward differential cross section for π+p elastic scattering at 16 momenta from 1.25 to 2.0 GeV/c inclusive. The angular region covered is -0.46 to -0.97 in cosθc.m.. The high resolution in u of 0.03 to 0.04 (GeV/c)2, together with good statistics, enables a detailed examination of the momentum and angular dependence of structure in this channel. The data are compared with distributions from other experiments and with the most recent phaseshift fit.
Differential cross sections for π−p elastic scattering over the angular range 155° to 177° in the center-of-mass system have been measured at 33 incident pion momenta in the range 600 to 1280 MeV/c. The experiment, which was performed at the Bevatron at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, employed a liquid hydrogen target, a double-arm spectrometer, and standard counter techniques to detect the elastic events. The data from this experiment are compared to all other published data in this momentum region. The over-all agreement is good. The data of this experiment are also compared with the results of the recent phase-shift analysis by Almehed and Lovelace. In the momentum region between 700 and 900 MeV/c, the slope of the backward angular distribution goes rapidly through zero from negative to positive, and the magnitude of the differential cross section falls by more than a factor of 10. Momentum-dependent structure is seen in the extrapolated differential cross sections at 180°. Two prominent dips in the 180° differential cross sections appear at 880 and 1150 MeV/c. This structure is discussed in terms of a direct-channel resonance model that assumes only resonant partial waves are contributing to the cross sections for large scattering angles.
Angular distributions of proton-proton elastic scattering have been measured for incident beam momenta of 10.0, 12.0, 14.2 and 24.0 GeV/ c over a range of lab scattering angles from 12 to 152 mrad. This is equivalent to a range of four-momentum transfer squared from about 0.1 to 6.7 GeV 2 at the highest momentum. Nucleon resonance production in the two-body reaction p + p → p + X has been studied at 24.0 GeV/ c incident momentum from 13.5 to 112 mrad by measuring the proton momentum spectra from the elastic peak down to a momentum corresponding to a missing mass of about 2.6 GeV. The new data are compared with previous results and theoretical models.