Differential cross sections for elastic scattering of negative kaons on protons are presented for 13 incident laboratory momenta between 1094 MeV/c and 1377 MeV/c. The data show the characteristic forward diffraction-like peak and backward dip and are adequately described in shape by certain published partial-wave analyses of the N system.
In an experiment on K--proton interactions in a hydrogen bubble chamber, the cross sections and angular distributions have been studied for elastic and charge-exchange scattering, and charged sigma hyperon production in the momentum range 90-300 MeV/c. Good agreement is found with previous cross sections except for the charge-exchange channel where the new values are 60% larger. The production distributions of the charged sigma hyperons and the polarisation of the Sigma + hyperon clearly indicate that P waves are present down to about 150 MeV/c, much lower than previously reported.
Data are presented from a high statistics bubble chamber experiment to K − p interactions over the c.m. energy range 1720 to 1796 MeV. Channel cross sections, differential cross sections and, where appropriate, polarisation distributions have been obtained for the final states K − p , K 0 n , π 0 Λ and π ± Σ ∓ . These data are compared with those from previously published experiments and with the predictions from the RL-IC 77 partial-wave amplitudes for each of these channels.
We report here the results from an experiment to obtain differential cross sections for K−p elastic scattering in the laboratory momentum region from 1.4 to 1.9 GeV/c. These data span the region of a bump in the K−p total cross section at an energy of 2.05 GeV. Approximately 20000 elastic events were obtained at each of four momenta with an angular coverage of 0.9≥cosθc.m.≥−0.9. The data are intended to aid in phase-shift analyses of the resonances causing the bump in the total cross section and to study dip structures at constant values of the Mandelstam variables t and u.
Channel cross sections, elastic differential cross sections and single pion production mass spectra and angular distributions are presented for π − p interactions, based on 139 000 events observed at six energies in the center of mass region 1.50–1.74 GeV.
Measurements of K − p elastic scattering have been carried out at 14 momenta between 610 MeV/ c and 943 MeV/ c over the angular range −0.9 < cos θ < 0.9. The results agree well with the best existing data and have significantly smaller errors.
A simultaneous partial-wave analysis of the three final states K + p, K ∗ (892)N and KΔ(1236) is attempted using inelastic data with large statistics at 1.21, 1.29, 1.38 and 1.69 GeV/ c as well as existing data on the elastic reaction. The constraint of unitarity, which is almost saturated by these reactions, allows one to determine the size and relative phases of the dominant partial waves and to give some limits on the others. Their variation with energy is discussed, as well as the consistency of the different sets of elastic phase shifts with the inelastic data. We also compare the predictions of the duality hypothesis with the data.
Elastik K − n ( I = 1) differential cross sections have been measured at 14 momenta between 610 and 940 MeV/ c , over the c.m. angular range −0.7 < cos θ ∗ < 0.8 . The results, which cover the c.m. energy range 1610–1765 MeV, have been fitted with Legendre polynomials and compared with some existing predictions from a partial-wave analysis.
New data on the K−p elastic and charge exchange reactions are presented in the K− momentum range between 1.934 GeV/c and 2.516 GeV/c. A conventional energy-dependent partial-wave analysis covering the widerPK- range from 1.6 GeV/c to 2.516 GeV/c is presented together with a p.w.a. in which the duality ands-helicity conservation ideas are explicitly imposed in the fits. Finally the new Y*’s observed in this experiment are classified inSU3 multiplets.
An analysis has been made of 64 600 events of the type K−p→K−p and 22 800 events of the type K−p→K¯0n in the Berkeley 25-in. hydrogen bubble chamber. Differential cross sections have been measured in intervals of 10 MeV/c over the momentum range 220 to 470 MeV/c. Legendre-polynomial fits to the distributions have been made, and the coefficients show structure from the resonant D-wave [Λ(1520)] and background S and P waves. No new structure is observed. The total K−p cross section determined from measurements of all final states seen in this exposure is also presented.
We present results from a high-momentum-resolution measurement of the π-p elastic differential and total cross-sections-at values of cos θ* between — 0.60 and 0.85 in the centre-of-mass system and at incident-beam momenta between 1.34GeV/c and 1.49 GeV/c—close to the X0 production threshold. There is no significant enhancement near the X0 production threshold. However, a small effect of ~ 3 standard deviations is present, having mass 1898.8 MeV and width ~5MeV, and appearing at an incident-pion momentum of 1435 MeV/c. In addition, a narrow ~ 5-standard-deviation effect atEc.m.= 1876 MeV appeared at an incident-pion momentum of 1389 MeV/c.
K − p reactions have been studied at 13 different incident momenta between 1138 and 1434 MeV/ c . This interval corresponds to a mass of the K − p system varying from 1858 to 1993 MeV. About 300 000 photographs were taken in the 81 cm Saclay hydrogen bubble chamber exposed to a separated K − beam at the CERN proton-synchrotron. A total of about 44 000 events were analyzed, from which partial and differential cross sections were determined. Polarizations were obtained for the two-body reactions where the decay of the Λ or Σ hyperon allowed their measurement. Data for the two-body channels are presented here as well as for the main quasi-two-body reactions.
Experimental results are presented for the available channels in the 1.2 GeV/ c π + p interaction. An isobaric model with incoherent addition of the amplitudes is used to determine the π, Δ and N ∗ abundance rates in the π + π o p final state. The multipole parameters in the density matrix of the Δ ++ are determined as functions of its production angle.