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Measurement of charged jet suppression in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 2.76 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Abelev, B. ; Adam, J. ; Adamova, D. ; et al.
JHEP 1403 (2014) 013, 2014.
Inspire Record 1263194 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.62723
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Multi-strange baryon production in p-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathbf{NN}}=5.02$ TeV

The ALICE collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Aggarwal, Madan Mohan ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B758 (2016) 389-401, 2016.
Inspire Record 1411084 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73011

The multi-strange baryon yields in Pb--Pb collisions have been shown to exhibit an enhancement relative to pp reactions. In this work, $\Xi$ and $\Omega$ production rates have been measured with the ALICE experiment as a function of transverse momentum, ${p_{\rm T}}$, in p-Pb collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of ${\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}}$ = 5.02 TeV. The results cover the kinematic ranges 0.6 GeV/$c<{p_{\rm T}} <$7.2 GeV/$c$ and 0.8 GeV/$c<{p_{\rm T}}<$ 5 GeV/$c$, for $\Xi$ and $\Omega$ respectively, in the common rapidity interval -0.5 $<{y_{\rm CMS}}<$ 0. Multi-strange baryons have been identified by reconstructing their weak decays into charged particles. The ${p_{\rm T}}$ spectra are analysed as a function of event charged-particle multiplicity, which in p-Pb collisions ranges over one order of magnitude and lies between those observed in pp and Pb-Pb collisions. The measured ${p_{\rm T}}$ distributions are compared to the expectations from a Blast-Wave model. The parameters which describe the production of lighter hadron species also describe the hyperon spectra in high multiplicity p-Pb. The yield of hyperons relative to charged pions is studied and compared with results from pp and Pb-Pb collisions. A statistical model is employed, which describes the change in the ratios with volume using a canonical suppression mechanism, in which the small volume causes a species-dependent relative reduction of hadron production. The calculations, in which the magnitude of the effect depends on the strangeness content, show good qualitative agreement with the data.

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Measurement of jet suppression in central Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}$ = 2.76 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Aggarwal, Madan Mohan ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B746 (2015) 1-14, 2015.
Inspire Record 1343112 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.68483

The transverse momentum ( pT ) spectrum and nuclear modification factor ( RAA ) of reconstructed jets in 0–10% and 10–30% central Pb–Pb collisions at sNN=2.76 TeV were measured. Jets were reconstructed using the anti- kT jet algorithm with a resolution parameter of R=0.2 from charged and neutral particles, utilizing the ALICE tracking detectors and Electromagnetic Calorimeter (EMCal). The jet pT spectra are reported in the pseudorapidity interval of |ηjet|<0.5 for 40<pT,jet<120 GeV/c in 0–10% and for 30<pT,jet<100 GeV/c in 10–30% collisions. Reconstructed jets were required to contain a leading charged particle with pT>5 GeV/c to suppress jets constructed from the combinatorial background in Pb–Pb collisions. The leading charged particle requirement applied to jet spectra both in pp and Pb–Pb collisions had a negligible effect on the RAA . The nuclear modification factor RAA was found to be 0.28±0.04 in 0–10% and 0.35±0.04 in 10–30% collisions, independent of pT,jet within the uncertainties of the measurement. The observed suppression is in fair agreement with expectations from two model calculations with different approaches to jet quenching.

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Search for pion neutron bound states in 14.6-A/GeV Si + nucleus collisions

The E814 collaboration Barrette, J. ; Bellwied, R. ; Braun-Munzinger, P. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C52 (1995) 2679-2683, 1995.
Inspire Record 407608 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25875
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Anti-proton production in 14.6-A/GeV/c Si + A collisions

The E-802 collaboration Abbott, T. ; Akiba, Y. ; Beavis, D. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B271 (1991) 447-452, 1991.
Inspire Record 318378 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29302
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Jet Production via Strongly-Interacting Color-Singlet Exchange in $p\bar{p}$ Collisions

The D0 collaboration Abachi, S. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 76 (1996) 734-739, 1996.
Inspire Record 400107 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42348

A study of the particle multiplicity between jets with large rapidity separation has been performed using the D\O\ detector at the Fermilab Tevatron $p\bar{p}$ Collider operating at $\sqrt{s}=1.8$\,TeV. A significant excess of low-multiplicity events is observed above the expectation for color-exchange processes. The measured fractional excess is $1.07 \pm 0.10({\rm stat})~{ + 0.25}_{- 0.13}({\rm syst})\%$, which is consistent with a strongly-interacting color-singlet (colorless) exchange process and cannot be explained by electroweak exchange alone. A lower limit of $0.80\%$ (95\% C.L.) is obtained on the fraction of dijet events with color-singlet exchange, independent of the rapidity gap survival probability.

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Muon pair production by electron-positron collisions in the gev region

Borgia, B. ; Ceradini, F. ; Conversi, M. ; et al.
Lett.Nuovo Cim. 3S2 (1972) 115-120, 1972.
Inspire Record 77432 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37904
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Prompt and non-prompt $J/\psi$ production in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C71 (2011) 1575, 2011.
Inspire Record 878118 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.57532

The production of J/psi mesons is studied in pp collisions at sqrt(s)=7 TeV with the CMS experiment at the LHC. The measurement is based on a dimuon sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 314 inverse nanobarns. The J/psi differential cross section is determined, as a function of the J/psi transverse momentum, in three rapidity ranges. A fit to the decay length distribution is used to separate the prompt from the non-prompt (b hadron to J/psi) component. Integrated over J/psi transverse momentum from 6.5 to 30 GeV/c and over rapidity in the range |y| < 2.4, the measured cross sections, times the dimuon decay branching fraction, are 70.9 \pm 2.1 (stat.) \pm 3.0 (syst.) \pm 7.8(luminosity) nb for prompt J/psi mesons assuming unpolarized production and 26.0 \pm 1.4 (stat.) \pm 1.6 (syst.) \pm 2.9 (luminosity) nb for J/psi mesons from b-hadron decays.

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Study of W boson production in pPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}} =$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B750 (2015) 565-586, 2015.
Inspire Record 1353541 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.69232
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Multiplicity Dependence of Pion, Kaon, Proton and Lambda Production in p-Pb Collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Abelev, Betty Bezverkhny ; Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B728 (2014) 25-38, 2014.
Inspire Record 1244523 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.61786

In this Letter, comprehensive results on ${\rm\pi}^\pm$, K$^\pm$, K$^0_S$, p, $\rm\bar{p}$, $\rm \Lambda$ and $\rm \bar{\Lambda}$ production at mid-rapidity ($0 < y_{\rm cms} < 0.5$) in p-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}} = 5.02$ TeV, measured by the ALICE detector at the LHC, are reported. The transverse momentum distributions exhibit a hardening as a function of event multiplicity, which is stronger for heavier particles. This behavior is similar to what has been observed in pp and Pb-Pb collisions at the LHC. The measured $p_{\rm T}$ distributions are compared to results at lower energy and with predictions based on QCD-inspired and hydrodynamic models.

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Low-mass vector-meson production at forward rapidity in $p$$+$$p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=200$ GeV

The PHENIX collaboration Adare, A. ; Aidala, C. ; Ajitanand, N.N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D90 (2014) 052002, 2014.
Inspire Record 1296835 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64159

The PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider has measured low mass vector meson, $\omega$, $\rho$, and $\phi$, production through the dimuon decay channel at forward rapidity ($1.2<|y|<2.2$) in $p$$+$$p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=200$ GeV. The differential cross sections for these mesons are measured as a function of both $p_T$ and rapidity. We also report the integrated differential cross sections over $1<p_T<7$ GeV/$c$ and $1.2<|y|<2.2$: $d\sigma/dy(\omega+\rho\rightarrow\mu\mu) = 80 \pm 6 \mbox{(stat)} \pm 12 \mbox{(syst)}$ nb and $d\sigma/dy(\phi\rightarrow\mu\mu) = 27 \pm 3 \mbox{(stat)} \pm 4 \mbox{(syst)}$ nb. These results are compared with midrapidity measurements and calculations.

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Suppression of excited Upsilon states relative to the ground state in PbPb collisions at sqrt(sNN) = 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2017.
Inspire Record 1605750 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.79055

The relative yields of Upsilon mesons produced in pp and PbPb collisions at sqrt(s[NN]) = 5.02 TeV and reconstructed via the dimuon decay channel are measured using data collected by the CMS experiment. Double ratios are formed by comparing the yields of the excited states, Upsilon(2S) and Upsilon(3S), to the ground state, Upsilon(1S), in both PbPb and pp collisions at the same center-of-mass energy. The double ratios, [Upsilon(nS)/Upsilon(1S)](PbPb)/[Upsilon(nS)/Upsilon(1S)](pp), are measured to be 0.308 +/- 0.055 (stat) +/- 0.019 (syst) for the Upsilon(2S) and less than 0.26 at 95% confidence level for the Upsilon(3S). No significant Upsilon(3S) signal is found in the PbPb data. The double ratios are studied as a function of collision centrality, as well as dimuon transverse momentum and rapidity. No significant dependencies are observed.

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Multi-strange baryon production at mid-rapidity in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 2.76 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Abelev, Betty Bezverkhny ; Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B728 (2014) 216-227, 2014.
Inspire Record 1243865 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.62098
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Multiplicity and rapidity dependence of strange hadron production in pp, pPb, and PbPb collisions at the LHC

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B, 2017.
Inspire Record 1464834 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77014

Measurements of strange hadron (K0s, Lambda + anti-Lambda, and Xi+ + Xi-) transverse momentum spectra in pp, pPb, and PbPb collisions are presented over a wide range of rapidity and event charged-particle multiplicity. The data were collected with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV, pPb collisions at sqrt(s[NN]) = 5.02 TeV, and PbPb collisions at sqrt(s[NN]) = 2.76 TeV. The average transverse kinetic energy is found to increase with multiplicity, at a faster rate for heavier strange particle species in all systems. At similar multiplicities, the difference in average transverse kinetic energy between different particle species is observed to be larger for pp and pPb events than for PbPb events. In pPb collisions, the average transverse kinetic energy is found to be slightly larger in the Pb-going direction than in the p-going direction for events with large multiplicity. The spectra are compared to models motivated by hydrodynamics.

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Measurement of Bottom versus Charm as a Function of Transverse Momentum with Electron-Hadron Correlations in $p^+ p$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s}=200$ GeV

The PHENIX collaboration Adare, A. ; Afanasiev, S. ; Aidala, C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 103 (2009) 082002, 2009.
Inspire Record 816469 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.57326

The momentum distribution of electrons from semi-leptonic decays of charm and bottom for mid-rapidity |y|<0.35 in p+p collisions at sqrt(s)=200 GeV is measured by the PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) over the transverse momentum range 2 < p_T < 7 GeV/c. The ratio of the yield of electrons from bottom to that from charm is presented. The ratio is determined using partial D/D^bar --> e^{+/-} K^{-/+} X (K unidentified) reconstruction. It is found that the yield of electrons from bottom becomes significant above 4 GeV/c in p_T. A fixed-order-plus-next-to-leading-log (FONLL) perturbative quantum chromodynamics (pQCD) calculation agrees with the data within the theoretical and experimental uncertainties. The extracted total bottom production cross section at this energy is \sigma_{b\b^bar}= 3.2 ^{+1.2}_{-1.1}(stat) ^{+1.4}_{-1.3}(syst) micro b.

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Measurement of jet multiplicity distributions in $\mathrm {t}\overline{\mathrm {t}}$ production in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 7\,\text {TeV} $

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C74 (2015) 3014, 2015.
Inspire Record 1290126 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64426
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Energy dependence of acceptance-corrected dielectron excess mass spectrum at mid-rapidity in Au$+$Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} =$ 19.6 and 200 GeV

The STAR collaboration Adamczyk, L. ; Adkins, J.K. ; Agakishiev, G. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B750 (2015) 64-71, 2015.
Inspire Record 1340691 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.72236

The acceptance-corrected dielectron excess mass spectra, where the known hadronic sources have been subtracted from the inclusive dielectron mass spectra, are reported for the first time at mid-rapidity |yee|<1 in minimum-bias Au+Au collisions at sNN=19.6 and 200 GeV. The excess mass spectra are consistently described by a model calculation with a broadened ρ spectral function for Mee<1.1 GeV/c2 . The integrated dielectron excess yield at sNN=19.6 GeV for 0.4<Mee<0.75 GeV/c2 , normalized to the charged particle multiplicity at mid-rapidity, has a value similar to that in In+In collisions at sNN=17.3 GeV . For sNN=200 GeV , the normalized excess yield in central collisions is higher than that at sNN=17.3 GeV and increases from peripheral to central collisions. These measurements indicate that the lifetime of the hot, dense medium created in central Au+Au collisions at sNN=200 GeV is longer than those in peripheral collisions and at lower energies.

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Relative modification of prompt $ {\psi\mathrm{(2S)}} $ and $\mathrm{J}/\psi $ yields from pp to PbPb collisions at ${\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}} = $ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett., 2016.
Inspire Record 1495840 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77102

The relative modification of the prompt psi(2S) and J/psi yields from pp to PbPb collisions, at the center of mass energy of 5.02 TeV per nucleon pair, is presented. The analysis is based on pp and PbPb data samples collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2015, corresponding to integrated luminosities of 28.0 inverse picobarns and 464 inverse microbarns, respectively. The double ratio of measured yields of prompt charmonia reconstructed through their decays into muon pairs, (N[psi(2S)]/N[J/psi])[PbPb]/ (N[psi(2S)]/N[J/psi])[pp], is determined as a function of PbPb collision centrality and charmonium transverse momentum pt, in two kinematic intervals: abs(y) < 1.6 covering 6.5 < pt < 30GeV/c and 1.6 < abs(y) < 2.4 covering 3 <pt< 30GeV/c. The centrality-integrated double ratios are 0.36 +/- 0.08 (stat) +/-0.05 (syst) in the first interval and 0.24 +/- 0.22 (stat) +/- 0.09 (syst) in the second. The double ratio is lower than unity in all the measured bins, suggesting that the psi(2S) yield is more suppressed than the J/psi yield in the explored phase space.

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Measurement of Prompt $\psi(2S) \to J/\psi$ Yield Ratios in Pb-Pb and $p-p$ Collisions at $\sqrt {s_{NN}}=$ 2.76  TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 113 (2014) 262301, 2014.
Inspire Record 1320775 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66548

<p>The ratio between the prompt <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mi>ψ</mml:mi><mml:mo stretchy="false">(</mml:mo><mml:mn>2</mml:mn><mml:mi>S</mml:mi><mml:mo stretchy="false">)</mml:mo></mml:math></inline-formula> and <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mi>J</mml:mi><mml:mo stretchy="false">/</mml:mo><mml:mi>ψ</mml:mi></mml:math></inline-formula> yields, reconstructed via their decays into <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:msup><mml:mi>μ</mml:mi><mml:mo>+</mml:mo></mml:msup><mml:msup><mml:mi>μ</mml:mi><mml:mo>-</mml:mo></mml:msup></mml:math></inline-formula>, is measured in Pb-Pb and <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mi>p</mml:mi></mml:math></inline-formula>-<inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mi>p</mml:mi></mml:math></inline-formula> collisions at <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mrow><mml:msqrt><mml:mrow><mml:msub><mml:mrow><mml:mi>s</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mi>N</mml:mi><mml:mi>N</mml:mi></mml:mrow></mml:msub></mml:mrow></mml:msqrt><mml:mo>=</mml:mo><mml:mn>2.76</mml:mn><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:mi>TeV</mml:mi></mml:mrow></mml:math></inline-formula>. The analysis is based on Pb-Pb and <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mi>p</mml:mi></mml:math></inline-formula>-<inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mi>p</mml:mi></mml:math></inline-formula> data samples collected by CMS at the Large Hadron Collider, corresponding to integrated luminosities of <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mrow><mml:mn>150</mml:mn><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:mi>μ</mml:mi><mml:msup><mml:mrow><mml:mi mathvariant="normal">b</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo>-</mml:mo><mml:mn>1</mml:mn></mml:mrow></mml:msup></mml:mrow></mml:math></inline-formula> and <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mrow><mml:mn>5.4</mml:mn><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:msup><mml:mrow><mml:mi>pb</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo>-</mml:mo><mml:mn>1</mml:mn></mml:mrow></mml:msup></mml:mrow></mml:math></inline-formula>, respectively. The double ratio of measured yields <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mrow><mml:mo stretchy="false">(</mml:mo><mml:msub><mml:mrow><mml:mi>N</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mi>ψ</mml:mi><mml:mo stretchy="false">(</mml:mo><mml:mn>2</mml:mn><mml:mi>S</mml:mi><mml:mo stretchy="false">)</mml:mo></mml:mrow></mml:msub><mml:mo stretchy="false">/</mml:mo><mml:msub><mml:mrow><mml:mi>N</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mi>J</mml:mi><mml:mo stretchy="false">/</mml:mo><mml:mi>ψ</mml:mi></mml:mrow></mml:msub><mml:msub><mml:mrow><mml:mo stretchy="false">)</mml:mo></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mi>Pb</mml:mi><mml:mtext>-</mml:mtext><mml:mi>Pb</mml:mi></mml:mrow></mml:msub><mml:mo stretchy="false">/</mml:mo><mml:mspace linebreak="goodbreak"/><mml:mo stretchy="false">(</mml:mo><mml:msub><mml:mrow><mml:mi>N</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mi>ψ</mml:mi><mml:mo stretchy="false">(</mml:mo><mml:mn>2</mml:mn><mml:mi>S</mml:mi><mml:mo stretchy="false">)</mml:mo></mml:mrow></mml:msub><mml:mo stretchy="false">/</mml:mo><mml:msub><mml:mrow><mml:mi>N</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mi>J</mml:mi><mml:mo stretchy="false">/</mml:mo><mml:mi>ψ</mml:mi></mml:mrow></mml:msub><mml:msub><mml:mrow><mml:mo stretchy="false">)</mml:mo></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mi>p</mml:mi><mml:mtext/><mml:mtext>-</mml:mtext><mml:mi>p</mml:mi></mml:mrow></mml:msub></mml:mrow></mml:math></inline-formula> is computed in three Pb-Pb collision centrality bins and two kinematic ranges: one at midrapidity, <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mrow><mml:mo stretchy="false">|</mml:mo><mml:mi>y</mml:mi><mml:mo stretchy="false">|</mml:mo></mml:mrow><mml:mo>&lt;</mml:mo><mml:mn>1.6</mml:mn></mml:math></inline-formula>, covering the transverse momentum range <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mrow><mml:mn>6.5</mml:mn><mml:mo>&lt;</mml:mo><mml:msub><mml:mrow><mml:mi>p</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mi>T</mml:mi></mml:mrow></mml:msub><mml:mo>&lt;</mml:mo><mml:mn>30</mml:mn><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:mi>GeV</mml:mi><mml:mo>/</mml:mo><mml:mi>c</mml:mi></mml:mrow></mml:math></inline-formula>, and the other at forward rapidity, <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mn>1.6</mml:mn><mml:mo>&lt;</mml:mo><mml:mrow><mml:mo stretchy="false">|</mml:mo><mml:mi>y</mml:mi><mml:mo stretchy="false">|</mml:mo></mml:mrow><mml:mo>&lt;</mml:mo><mml:mn>2.4</mml:mn></mml:math></inline-formula>, extending to lower <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:msub><mml:mi>p</mml:mi><mml:mi>T</mml:mi></mml:msub></mml:math></inline-formula> values, <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mrow><mml:mn>3</mml:mn><mml:mo>&lt;</mml:mo><mml:msub><mml:mrow><mml:mi>p</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mi>T</mml:mi></mml:mrow></mml:msub><mml:mo>&lt;</mml:mo><mml:mn>30</mml:mn><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:mi>GeV</mml:mi><mml:mo>/</mml:mo><mml:mi>c</mml:mi></mml:mrow></mml:math></inline-formula>. The centrality-integrated double ratio changes from <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mrow><mml:mn>0.45</mml:mn><mml:mo>±</mml:mo><mml:mn>0.13</mml:mn><mml:mrow><mml:mo stretchy="false">(</mml:mo><mml:mtext>stat</mml:mtext><mml:mo stretchy="false">)</mml:mo></mml:mrow><mml:mo>±</mml:mo><mml:mn>0.07</mml:mn><mml:mrow><mml:mo stretchy="false">(</mml:mo><mml:mtext>syst</mml:mtext><mml:mo stretchy="false">)</mml:mo></mml:mrow></mml:mrow></mml:math></inline-formula> in the first range to <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mn>1.67</mml:mn><mml:mo>±</mml:mo><mml:mn>0.34</mml:mn><mml:mrow><mml:mo stretchy="false">(</mml:mo><mml:mtext>stat</mml:mtext><mml:mo stretchy="false">)</mml:mo></mml:mrow><mml:mo>±</mml:mo><mml:mn>0.27</mml:mn><mml:mrow><mml:mo stretchy="false">(</mml:mo><mml:mtext>syst</mml:mtext><mml:mo stretchy="false">)</mml:mo></mml:mrow></mml:math></inline-formula> in the second. This difference is most pronounced in the most central collisions.</p>

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Measurement of the ratio of the inclusive 3-jet cross section to the inclusive 2-jet cross section in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV and first determination of the strong coupling constant in the TeV range

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C73 (2013) 2604, 2013.
Inspire Record 1230937 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.62093

A measurement is presented of the ratio of the inclusive 3-jet cross section to the inclusive 2-jet cross section as a function of the average transverse momentum, <pT[1,2]>, of the two leading jets in the event. The data sample was collected during 2011 at a proton-proton centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5.0 inverse femtobarns. The strong coupling constant at the scale of the Z boson mass is determined to be alphaS[MZ] = 0.1148 +/- 0.0014 (exp.) +/- 0.0018 (PDF) +/- 0.0050 (theory), by comparing the ratio in the range 0.42 < <pT[1,2]> < 1.39 TeV to the predictions of perturbative QCD at next-to-leading order. This is the first determination of alphaS[MZ] from measurements at momentum scales beyond 0.6 TeV. The predicted ratio depends only indirectly on the evolution of the parton distribution functions of the proton such that this measurement also serves as a test of the evolution of the strong coupling constant. No deviation from the expected behaviour is observed.

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