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Strange meson enhancement in Pb Pb collisions

The NA44 collaboration Bearden, I. ; Boggild, H. ; Boissevain, J. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B471 (1999) 6-12, 1999.
Inspire Record 504074 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31360
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Subthreshold anti-proton and K- production in heavy ion collisions

Schroter, A. ; Berdermann, E. ; Geissel, H. ; et al.
Z.Phys. A350 (1994) 101-113, 1994.
Inspire Record 372238 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16507
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Collective expansion in high-energy heavy ion collisions

The NA44 collaboration Bearden, I.G. ; Boggild, H. ; Boissevain, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 78 (1997) 2080-2083, 1997.
Inspire Record 426801 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.52345
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Kaon production in 200-GeV/nucleon nucleus-nucleus collisions

The HELIOS collaboration Akesson, T. ; Almehed, S. ; Angelis, A.L.S. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B296 (1992) 273-278, 1992.
Inspire Record 338072 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28995
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Charged particle production in S S collisions at 200-GeV/c per nucleon

The WA94 collaboration Andrighetto, A. ; Antinori, F. ; Bayes, A.C. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B412 (1997) 148-154, 1997.
Inspire Record 460283 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28242
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Production of charged kaons in central S + S and O + Au collisions at 200-GeV/nucleon

The NA35 collaboration Kowalski, M. ; Bachler, J. ; Bartke, J. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys. A544 (1992) 609C-614C, 1992.
Inspire Record 343256 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36667
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Production of charged kaons in proton - nucleus and nucleus-nucleus collisions at 200-GeV/Nucleon

The NA35 collaboration Bachler, J. ; Bartke, J. ; Bialkowska, H. ; et al.
Z.Phys. C58 (1993) 367-374, 1993.
Inspire Record 342660 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14428
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PION AND KAON PRODUCTION IN COLLISIONS OF RELATIVISTIC NUCLEI WITH AN ENERGY OF 3.65-GEV/NUCLEON

Kurepin, A.B. ; Pantuev, V.S. ; Filippov, S.N. ;
JETP Lett. 47 (1988) 17-22, 1988.
Inspire Record 271432 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16889
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Charged kaon and pion production at mid-rapidity in proton nucleus and sulphur nucleus collisions

The NA44 collaboration Boggild, H. ; Boissevain, J. ; Dodd, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C59 (1999) 328-335, 1999.
Inspire Record 474831 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25575

The NA44 collaboration has measured charged kaon and pion distributions at midrapidity in sulphur and proton collisions with nuclear targets at 200 and 450 GeV/c per nucleon, respectively. The inverse slopes of kaons are larger than those of pions. The difference in the inverse slopes of pions, kaons and protons, all measured in our spectrometer, increases with system size and is consistent with the buildup of collective flow for larger systems. The target dependence of both the yields and inverse slopes is stronger for the sulphur beam suggesting the increased importance of secondary rescattering for SA reactions. The rapidity density, dN/dy, of both K+ and K- increases more rapidly with system size than for pi+ in a similar rapidity region. This trend continues with increasing centrality, and according to RQMD, it is caused by secondary reactions between mesons and baryons. The K-/K+ ratio falls with increasing system size but more slowly than the pbar/p ratio. The pi-/pi+ ratio is close to unity for all systems. From pBe to SPb the K+/p ratio decreases while K-/pbar increases and ({K+*K-}/{p*pbar})**1/2 stays constant. These data suggest that as larger nuclei collide, the resulting system has a larger transverse expansion, baryon density and an increasing fraction of strange quarks.

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Medium effects in kaon and anti-kaon production in nuclear collisions at subthreshold beam energies

The KaoS collaboration Laue, F. ; Sturm, Christian Thomas ; Bottcher, I. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 82 (1999) 1640-1643, 1999.
Inspire Record 493975 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31244

Production cross sections of K$^+$ and K$^-$ mesons have been measured in C+C collisions at beam energies per nucleon below and near the nucleon-nucleon threshold. At a given beam energy, the spectral slopes of the K$^-$ mesons are significantly steeper than the ones of the K$^+$ mesons. The excitation functions for K$^+$ and K$^-$ mesons nearly coincide when correcting for the threshold energy. In contrast, the K$^+$ yield exceeds the K$^-$ yield by a factor of about 100 in proton-proton collisions at beam energies near the respective nucleon-nucleon thresholds.

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Kaon and proton ratios from central Pb + Pb collisions at the CERN SPS

The NA44 collaboration Bearden, I.G. ; Boggild, H. ; Boissevain, J. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys. A638 (1998) 419-422, 1998.
Inspire Record 481886 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36250
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Meson production in oxygen uranium and sulfur uranium collisions at 200-GeV/nucleon

The NA38 collaboration Peralta, L. ;
Nucl.Phys. A525 (1991) 665C-668C, 1991.
Inspire Record 328951 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36757
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Anti-proton production in 14.6-A/GeV/c Si + A collisions

The E-802 collaboration Abbott, T. ; Akiba, Y. ; Beavis, D. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B271 (1991) 447-452, 1991.
Inspire Record 318378 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29302
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Energy dependence of pion and kaon production in central Pb + Pb collisions

The NA49 collaboration Afanasiev, S.V. ; Anticic, T. ; Barna, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C66 (2002) 054902, 2002.
Inspire Record 586383 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31729

Measurements of charged pion and kaon production in central Pb+Pb collisions at 40, 80 and 158 AGeV are presented. These are compared with data at lower and higher energies as well as with results from p+p interactions. The mean pion multiplicity per wounded nucleon increases approximately linearly with s_NN^1/4 with a change of slope starting in the region 15-40 AGeV. The change from pion suppression with respect to p+p interactions, as observed at low collision energies, to pion enhancement at high energies occurs at about 40 AGeV. A non-monotonic energy dependence of the ratio of K^+ to pi^+ yields is observed, with a maximum close to 40 AGeV and an indication of a nearly constant value at higher energies.The measured dependences may be related to an increase of the entropy production and a decrease of the strangeness to entropy ratio in central Pb+Pb collisions in the low SPS energy range, which is consistent with the hypothesis that a transient state of deconfined matter is created above these energies. Other interpretations of the data are also discussed.

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Measurement of K mesons in collisions of relativistic carbon nuclei with led and copper nuclei

Gavrilov, O.K. ;
No Journal Information, 1984.
Inspire Record 1501546 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.76485
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Production of pi+-, K+-, p, and anti-p in relativistic Au + Pt, Si + Pt, and p + Pt collisions

The E886 collaboration Diebold, G.E. ; Bassalleck, B. ; Burger, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C48 (1993) 2984-2994, 1993.
Inspire Record 364483 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26015
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Ratios of charged anti-particles to particles near mid-rapidity in Au + Au collisions at s(NN)**(1/2) = 130-GeV

The PHOBOS collaboration Back, B.B. ; Baker, M.D. ; Barton, D.S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 87 (2001) 102301, 2001.
Inspire Record 555572 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41707

We have measured the ratios of antiparticles to particles for charged pions, kaons and protons near mid-rapidity in central Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 130 GeV. For protons, we observe pbar/p = 0.60 +/- 0.04 (stat.) +/- 0.06 (syst.) in the transverse momentum range 0.15 < p_T < 1.0 GeV/c. This leads to an estimate of the baryo-chemical potential mu_B of 45 MeV, a factor of 5-6 smaller than in central Pb+Pb collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 17.2 GeV.

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Centrality dependence of pi+ / pi-, K+ / K-, p and anti-p production from s(NN)**(1/2) = 13-=GeV Au+Au collisions at RHIC

The PHENIX collaboration Adcox, K. ; Adler, S.S. ; Ajitanand, N.N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 88 (2002) 242301, 2002.
Inspire Record 568437 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19421

Identified pi^[+/-] K^[+/-], p and p-bar transverse momentum spectra at mid-rapidity in sqrt(s_NN)=130 GeV Au-Au collisions were measured by the PHENIX experiment at RHIC as a function of collision centrality. Average transverse momenta increase with the number of participating nucleons in a similar way for all particle species. The multiplicity densities scale faster than the number of participating nucleons. Kaon and nucleon yields per participant increase faster than the pion yields. In central collisions at high transverse momenta (p_T greater than 2 GeV/c), anti-proton and proton yields are comparable to the pion yields.

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Pion and kaon production in central Pb + Pb collisions at 20-A and 30-A-GeV: Evidence for the onset of deconfinement

The NA49 collaboration Alt, C. ; Anticic, T. ; Baatar, B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C77 (2008) 024903, 2008.
Inspire Record 762554 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25169

Results on charged pion and kaon production in central Pb+Pb collisions at 20A and 30A GeV are presented and compared to data at lower and higher energies. A rapid change of the energy dependence is observed around 30A GeV for the yields of pions and kaons as well as for the shape of the transverse mass spectra. The change is compatible with the prediction that the threshold for production of a state of deconfined matter at the early stage of the collisions is located at low SPS energies.

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