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Spectra of p, d, and t from relativistic nuclear collisions

Sandoval, A. ; Gutbrod, H.H. ; Meyer, W.G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C21 (1980) 1321-1343, 1980.
Inspire Record 147669 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26366

Inclusive energy spectra of protons, deuterons, and tritons were measured with a telescope of silicon and germanium detectors with a detection range for proton energies up to 200 MeV. Fifteen sets of data were taken using projectiles ranging from protons to Ar40 on targets from Al27 to U238 at bombarding energies from 240 MeV/nucleon to 2.1 GeV/nucleon. Particular attention was paid to the absolute normalization of the cross sections. For three previously reported reactions, He fragment cross sections have been corrected and are presented. To facilitate a comparison with theory the sum of nucleonic charges emitted as protons plus composite particles was estimated and is presented as a function of fragment energy per nucleon in the interval from 15 to 200 MeV/nucleon. For low-energy fragments at forward angles the protons account for only 25% of the nucleonic charges. The equal mass Ar40 plus Ca systems were examined in the center of mass. Here at 0.4 GeV/nucleon Ar40 plus Ca the proton spectra appear to be nearly isotropic in the center of mass over the region measured. Comparisons of some data with firestreak, cascade, and fluid dynamics models indicate a failure of the first and a fair agreement with the latter two. In addition, associated fast charged particle multiplicities (where the particles had energies larger than 25 MeV/nucleon) and azimuthal correlations were measured with an 80 counter array of plastic scintillators. It was found that the associated multiplicities were a smooth function of the total kinetic energy of the projectile. NUCLEAR REACTIONS U(Ne20,X), EA=240 MeV/nucleon; U(Ar40,X), Ca(Ar40,X), U(Ne20,X), Au(Ne20,X), Ag(Ne20,X), Al(Ne20,X), U(He4,X), Al(He4,X), EA=390 MeV/nucleon; U(Ar40,X), Ca(Ar40,X), U(Ne20,X), U(He4,X), U(p,X), EA=1.04 GeV/nucleon; U(Ne20,X), EA=2.1 GeV/nucleon; measured σ(E,θ), X=p,d,t.

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Collective expansion in high-energy heavy ion collisions

The NA44 collaboration Bearden, I.G. ; Boggild, H. ; Boissevain, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 78 (1997) 2080-2083, 1997.
Inspire Record 426801 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.52345
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Charged particle production in S S collisions at 200-GeV/c per nucleon

The WA94 collaboration Andrighetto, A. ; Antinori, F. ; Bayes, A.C. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B412 (1997) 148-154, 1997.
Inspire Record 460283 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28242
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Composite particle production in relativistic Au + Pt, Si + Pt, and p + Pt collisions

The E886 collaboration Saito, N. ; Bassalleck, B. ; Burger, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C49 (1994) 3211-3218, 1994.
Inspire Record 383739 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25998
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Measurements of light nuclei production in 11.5-A-GeV/c Au + Pb heavy ion collisions

The E864 collaboration Armstrong, T.A. ; Barish, K.N. ; Batsouli, S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C61 (2000) 064908, 2000.
Inspire Record 525664 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25465

We report on measurements by the E864 experiment at the BNL-AGS of the yields of light nuclei in collisions of Au(197) with beam momentum of 11.5 A GeV/c on targets of Pb(208) and Pt(197). The yields are reported for nuclei with baryon number A=1 up to A=7, and typically cover a rapidity range from y(cm) to y(cm)+1 and a transverse momentum range of approximately 0.1 < p(T)/A < 0.5 GeV/c. We calculate coalescence scale factors B(A) from which we extract model dependent source dimensions and collective flow velocities. We also examine the dependences of the yields on baryon number, spin, and isospin of the produced nuclei.

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Strangelet search and light nucleus production in relativistic Si + Pt and Au + Pt collisions

The E886 collaboration Rusek, A. ; Bassalleck, B. ; Berdoz, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C54 (1996) R15-R19, 1996.
Inspire Record 429741 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25801
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Kaon and proton ratios from central Pb + Pb collisions at the CERN SPS

The NA44 collaboration Bearden, I.G. ; Boggild, H. ; Boissevain, J. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys. A638 (1998) 419-422, 1998.
Inspire Record 481886 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36250
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Charged hadron distributions in p A and A-A collisions at the CERN SPS

The NA44 collaboration Bearden, I.G. ; Dodd, J. ; Boggild, H. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys. A590 (1995) 523C-526C, 1995.
Inspire Record 407678 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36504
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Evidence for collective expansion in light-particle emission following Au+Au collisions at 100, 150 and 250 A·MeV

Poggi, G. ; Pasquali, G. ; Bini, M. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys. A586 (1995) 755-776, 1995.
Inspire Record 1367235 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36519

Light-particle emission from Au+Au collisions has been studied in the bombarding-energy range 100-250 A·MeV, using DeltaE- ER telescopes in coincidence with the FOPI detector in its phase I configuration. Center-of-mass energy spectra have been measured for Z = 1,2 isotopes emitted in central collisions at CM polar angles between 60° and 90°. Evidence for a collective expansion is reported, on the basis of the mean kinetic energies of hydrogen isotopes. Comparison is presented with statistical calculations (WIX code). For CM kinetic energy spectra, fair agreement is found between data and a recently developed transport model.

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PROTON CHARACTERISTICS AS A FUNCTION OF CUMULATIVE VARIABLE IN C Ta: COLLISIONS AT 4.2-GeV/c PER NUCLEON

Gasparian, A.P. ; Ivanovskaya, I.A. ; Mehdiyev, Rashid R. ;
Yad.Fiz. 41 (1985) 1229-1234, 1985.
Inspire Record 203307 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.39061
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Longitudinal flow from 2-A-GeV to 8-A-GeV Au+Au collisions at the Brookhaven AGS

The E895 collaboration Klay, J.L. ; Ajitanand, N.N. ; Alexander, J.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 88 (2002) 102301, 2002.
Inspire Record 566271 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.2868

Rapidity distributions of protons from central $^{197}$Au + $^{197}$Au collisions measured by the E895 Collaboration in the energy range from 2 to 8 AGeV at the Brookhaven AGS are presented. Longitudinal flow parameters derived using a thermal model including collective longitudinal expansion are extracted from these distributions. The results show an approximately linear increase in the longitudinal flow velocity, $<\beta\gamma>_{L}$, as a function of the logarithm of beam energy.

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THE SPECTRA OF p, d, t EMITTED AT 160-degrees IN 3.6-GeV PER NUCLEON C-12 COLLISIONS WITH NUCLEI

Anikina, M.Kh. ; Vardenga, G.L. ; Golokhvastov, A.I. ; et al.
Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 43 (1986) 780, 1986.
Inspire Record 216515 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.9587
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Production of pi+-, K+-, p, and anti-p in relativistic Au + Pt, Si + Pt, and p + Pt collisions

The E886 collaboration Diebold, G.E. ; Bassalleck, B. ; Burger, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C48 (1993) 2984-2994, 1993.
Inspire Record 364483 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26015
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Proton emission in Au+Au collisions at 6-GeV/nucleon, 8-GeV/nucleon, and 10.8-GeV/nucleon

Back, B.B. ; Betts, R.R. ; Chang, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C66 (2002) 054901, 2002.
Inspire Record 602292 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25396
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MEASUREMENTS OF PROTON INCLUSIVE SPECTRA INDUCED BY COLLISIONS OF C-12 NUCLEI WITH C, CU, SN AND PB NUCLEI AT 3.6-GEV/NUCLEON. (IN RUSSIAN)

Adyasevich, B.P. ; Antonenko, V.G. ; Vinogradov, A.A. ; et al.
Yad.Fiz. 40 (1984) 495-501, 1984.
Inspire Record 208219 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.2638
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Investigation of the breakup of a target nucleus in nucleus-nucleus collisions at an incident momentum of 4.2 GeV/c per nucleon

Bondarenko, A.I. ; Bondarenko, R.A. ; Kladnitskaya, E.N. ;
Phys.Atom.Nucl. 60 (1997) 1833-1842, 1997.
Inspire Record 1392946 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.17124
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Centrality dependence of pi+ / pi-, K+ / K-, p and anti-p production from s(NN)**(1/2) = 13-=GeV Au+Au collisions at RHIC

The PHENIX collaboration Adcox, K. ; Adler, S.S. ; Ajitanand, N.N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 88 (2002) 242301, 2002.
Inspire Record 568437 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19421

Identified pi^[+/-] K^[+/-], p and p-bar transverse momentum spectra at mid-rapidity in sqrt(s_NN)=130 GeV Au-Au collisions were measured by the PHENIX experiment at RHIC as a function of collision centrality. Average transverse momenta increase with the number of participating nucleons in a similar way for all particle species. The multiplicity densities scale faster than the number of participating nucleons. Kaon and nucleon yields per participant increase faster than the pion yields. In central collisions at high transverse momenta (p_T greater than 2 GeV/c), anti-proton and proton yields are comparable to the pion yields.

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DATA IMPLYING FORMATION OF A MOVING SOURCE IN COLLISIONS OF C-12 NUCLEI WITH VARIOUS TARGET NUCLEI AT 3.6-GEV/NUCLEON

Adyasevich, B.P. ; Antonenko, V.G. ; Grigorian, Yu.I. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B142 (1984) 245-248, 1984.
Inspire Record 206646 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30529
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Ratios of charged anti-particles to particles near mid-rapidity in Au + Au collisions at s(NN)**(1/2) = 130-GeV

The PHOBOS collaboration Back, B.B. ; Baker, M.D. ; Barton, D.S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 87 (2001) 102301, 2001.
Inspire Record 555572 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41707

We have measured the ratios of antiparticles to particles for charged pions, kaons and protons near mid-rapidity in central Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 130 GeV. For protons, we observe pbar/p = 0.60 +/- 0.04 (stat.) +/- 0.06 (syst.) in the transverse momentum range 0.15 < p_T < 1.0 GeV/c. This leads to an estimate of the baryo-chemical potential mu_B of 45 MeV, a factor of 5-6 smaller than in central Pb+Pb collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 17.2 GeV.

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