Simultaneous multiplicity and forward energy characterization of particle spectra in Au + Au collisions at 11.6-A-GeV/c

The E-802 collaboration Ahle, L. ; Akiba, Y. ; Ashktorab, K. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C59 (1999) 2173-2188, 1999.
Inspire Record 501648 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.4988
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Single Pion Production in p n Collisions at 11.6-GeV/c

Hochman, D. ; Eisenberg, Y. ; Karshon, U. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys. B80 (1974) 45-60, 1974.
Inspire Record 1100 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.32173
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Single Pion Production in pi- p Collisions at 2.14 GeV/c

Hagopian, V. ; Pan, Y.L. ;
Phys.Rev. 152 (1966) 1183, 1966.
Inspire Record 50984 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26635

A bubble-chamber experiment in which the reaction π−+p→π+π+N was studied at a beam momentum of 2.14 BeV/c yielded 1533 and 2234 events of the final states π−π0p and π−π+n, respectively. These events are dominated by the formation of the ρ resonance, which is produced mostly in the forward direction. Both the production and decay angular distributions of the ρ− agree very well with the predictions of the one-pion exchange theory modified by absorption effects. The decay angular distribution of the ρ0 shows the well-known forward-backward asymmetry. This effect is interpretable as the result of the interference between the ρ0 and an isospin-zero s-wave π−π resonance. The production of the ρ0, in addition to its forward peak, shows a weak backward peak. Partial cross sections of various final states are also presented.

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Single Transverse Spin Asymmetries of Identified Charged Hadrons in Polarized p+p Collisions at s**(1/2) = 62.4-GeV

The BRAHMS collaboration Arsene, I. ; Bearden, I.G. ; Beavis, Dana Richard ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 101 (2008) 042001, 2008.
Inspire Record 776954 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.89448

The first measurements of $x_F$-dependent single spin asymmetries of identified charged hadrons, $\pi^{\pm}$, $K^{\pm}$, and protons, from transversely polarized proton-proton collisions at 62.4 GeV at RHIC are presented. The measurements extend to high-$x_F$ ($|x_F|\sim 0.6$) in both the forward and backward directions.Large asymmetries are seen in the pion and kaon channels. The asymmetries in inclusive $\pi^{+}$ production, $A_N(\pi^+)$, increase with $x_F$ from 0 to $\sim$0.25 %at $x_F = 0.6$ and $A_N(\pi^{-})$ decrease from 0 to $\sim$$-$0.4. Even though $K^-$ contains no valence quarks, observed asymmetries for $K^-$ unexpectedly show positive values similar to those for $K^+$, increasing with $x_F$, whereas proton asymmetries are consistent with zero over the measured kinematic range. Comparisons of the data with predictions of QCD-based models are presented. The flavor dependent single spin asymmetry measurements of identified hadrons allow for stringent tests of theoretical models of partonic dynamics in the RHIC energy regime.

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Single and multiphoton events with missing energy in $e^{+} e^{-}$ collisions at $\sqrt{S}$ - 189-GeV

The L3 collaboration Acciarri, M. ; Achard, P. ; Adriani, O. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B470 (1999) 268-280, 1999.
Inspire Record 508079 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49084

Single and multi-photon events with missing energy are analysed using data collected with the L3 detector at LEP at a centre-of-mass energy of 189 GeV, for a total of 176 pb^{-1} of integrated luminosity. The cross section of the process e+e- -> nu nu gamma (gamma) is measured and the number of light neutrino flavours is determined to be N_\nu = 3.011 +/- 0.077 including lower energy data. Upper limits on cross sections of supersymmetric processes are set and interpretations in supersymmetric models provide improved limits on the masses of the lightest neutralino and the gravitino. Graviton-photon production in low scale gravity models with extra dimensions is searched for and limits on the energy scale of the model are set exceeding 1 TeV for two extra dimensions.

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Single and multiphoton events with missing energy in e+ e- collisions at 161-GeV < s**(1/2) < 172-GeV

The L3 collaboration Acciarri, M. ; Adriani, O. ; Aguilar-Benitez, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B415 (1997) 299-310, 1997.
Inspire Record 446000 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47455
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Single intermediate vector boson production in e+ e- collisions at s**(1/2) = 183-GeV and 189-GeV

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B515 (2001) 238-254, 2001.
Inspire Record 560550 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49830

The cross-sections for the production of single charged and neutral intermediate vector bosons were measured using integrated luminosities of 52 pb^{-1} and 154 pb^{-1} collected by the DELPHI experiment at centre-of-mass energies of 182.6 GeV and 188.6 GeV, respectively. The cross-sections for the reactions were determined in limited kinematic regions. The results found are in agreement with the Standard Model predictions for these channels.

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Single photon and multiphoton production in $e^{+} e^{-}$ collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 183-GeV

The ALEPH collaboration Barate, R. ; Buskulic, D. ; Decamp, D. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B429 (1998) 201-214, 1998.
Inspire Record 470677 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49502
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Single pi- production in np collisions for excess energies up to 90-MeV

The COSY-TOF collaboration Abdel-Bary, M. ; Brinkmann, K.-Th. ; Clement, H. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. A36 (2008) 7-16, 2008.
Inspire Record 759337 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66229

The quasifree reaction $np\to pp\pim$ was studied in a kinematically complete experiment by bombarding a liquid hydrogen target with a deuteron beam of momentum 1.85 GeV/c and analyzing the data along the lines of the spectator model. In addition to the three charged ejectiles the spectator proton was also detected in the large-acceptance time-of-flight spectrometer COSY-TOF. It was identified by its momentum and flight direction thus yielding access to the Fermi motion of the bound neutron and to the effective neutron 4-momentum vector $\mathbb{P}_n$ which differed from event to event. A range of almost 90 MeV excess energy above threshold was covered. Energy dependent angular distributions, invariant mass spectra as well as fully covered Dalitz plots were deduced. Sizeable $pp$ FSI effects were found as were contributions of $p$ and $d$ partial waves. The behavior of the elementary cross section $\sigma_{01}$ close to threshold is discussed in view of new cross section data. In comparison with existing literature data the results provide a sensitive test of the spectator model.

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Single vector boson production in e+ e- collisions at centre-of-mass energies from 183-GeV to 209-GeV

The ALEPH collaboration Schael, S. ; Barate, R. ; Bruneliere, R. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B605 (2005) 49-62, 2005.
Inspire Record 656811 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48763
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Single-Pion Production in pp Collisions at 0.95-GeV/c (I)

The COSY-TOF collaboration El-Samad, S Abd ; Bilger, R. ; Brinkmann, K.-Th. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. A30 (2006) 443-453, 2006.
Inspire Record 725793 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.43429

The single-pion production reactions $pp\to d\pi^+$, $pp\to np\pi^+$ and $pp\to pp\pi^0$ were measured at a beam momentum of 0.95 GeV/c ($T_p \approx$ 400 MeV) using the short version of the COSY-TOF spectrometer. The implementation of a central calorimeter provided particle identification, energy determination and neutron detection in addition to time-of-flight and angle measurements. Thus all pion production channels were recorded with 1-4 overconstraints. The total and differential cross sections obtained are compared to previous data and theoretical calculations. Main emphasis is put on the discussion of the $pp\pi^0$ channel, where we obtain angular distributions different from previous experimental results, however, partly in good agreement with recent phenomenological and theoretical predictions. In particular we observe very large anisotropies for the $\pi^0$ angular distributions in the kinematical region of small relative proton momenta revealing there a dominance of proton spinflip transitions associated with $\pi^0$ $s$- and $d$-partial waves and emphasizing the important role of $\pi^0$ d-waves.

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Single-Pion Production in pp Collisions at 0.95-GeV/c. II.

The COSY-TOF collaboration Abd El-Samad, S. ; Bilger, R. ; Brinkmann, K.-Th. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. A39 (2009) 281-289, 2009.
Inspire Record 790164 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.50496

The single-pion production reactions $pp\to d\pi^+$, $pp\to np\pi^+$ and $pp\to pp\pi^0$ were measured at a beam momentum of 0.95 GeV/c ($T_p \approx$ 400 MeV) using the short version of the COSY-TOF spectrometer. The central calorimeter provided particle identification, energy determination and neutron detection in addition to time-of-flight and angle measurements from other detector parts. Thus all pion production channels were recorded with 1-4 overconstraints. Main emphasis is put on the presentation and discussion of the $np\pi^+$ channel, since the results on the other channels have already been published previously. The total and differential cross sections obtained are compared to theoretical calculations. In contrast to the $pp\pi^0$ channel we find in the $np\pi^+$ channel a strong influence of the $\Delta$ excitation already at this energy close to threshold. In particular we find a $(3 cos^2\Theta + 1)$ dependence in the pion angular distribution, typical for a pure s-channel $\Delta$ excitation and identical to that observed in the $d\pi^+$ channel. Since the latter is understood by a s-channel resonance in the $^1D_2$ $pn$ partial wave, we discuss an analogous scenario for the $pn\pi^+$ channel.

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Small angle $J/\psi$ production in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The D0 collaboration Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; Abramov, V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 82 (1999) 35-40, 1999.
Inspire Record 473954 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42141

This paper presents the first measurement of the inclusive J/Psi production cross section in the forward pseudorapidity region 2.5<|eta|<3.7 in ppbar collisions at sqrt(s)=1.8TeV. The results are based on 9.8 pb-1 of data collected using the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The inclusive J/Psi cross section for transverse momenta between 1 and 16 GeV/c is compared with theoretical models of charmonium production.

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Small angle muon and bottom quark production in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The D0 collaboration Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; Abramov, V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 84 (2000) 5478-5483, 2000.
Inspire Record 503949 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42072

This Letter describes a measurement of the muon cross section originating from b quark decay in the forward rapidity range 2.4 < y(mu) < 3.2 in pbarp collisions at sqrt(s) = 1.8 TeV. The data used in this analysis were collected by the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron. We find that NLO QCD calculations underestimate b quark production by a factor of four in the forward rapidity region. A cross section measurement using muon+jet data has been included in this version of the paper.

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Soft and hard interactions in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 1800-GeV and 630-GeV

The CDF collaboration Acosta, D. ; Affolder, T. ; Akimoto, H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D65 (2002) 072005, 2002.
Inspire Record 567774 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.68015
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Some results on the $\rho$ (1.71) resonance produced in 9.1 GeV/c $\pi^{-}$-p collisions.

Armenise, N. ; Fogli Muciaccia, M.T. ; Piccarelli, V. ; et al.
Lett.Nuovo Cim. 4 (1972) 205-209, 1972.
Inspire Record 1393350 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37349
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Spectra of p, d, and t from relativistic nuclear collisions

Sandoval, A. ; Gutbrod, H.H. ; Meyer, W.G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C21 (1980) 1321-1343, 1980.
Inspire Record 147669 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26366

Inclusive energy spectra of protons, deuterons, and tritons were measured with a telescope of silicon and germanium detectors with a detection range for proton energies up to 200 MeV. Fifteen sets of data were taken using projectiles ranging from protons to Ar40 on targets from Al27 to U238 at bombarding energies from 240 MeV/nucleon to 2.1 GeV/nucleon. Particular attention was paid to the absolute normalization of the cross sections. For three previously reported reactions, He fragment cross sections have been corrected and are presented. To facilitate a comparison with theory the sum of nucleonic charges emitted as protons plus composite particles was estimated and is presented as a function of fragment energy per nucleon in the interval from 15 to 200 MeV/nucleon. For low-energy fragments at forward angles the protons account for only 25% of the nucleonic charges. The equal mass Ar40 plus Ca systems were examined in the center of mass. Here at 0.4 GeV/nucleon Ar40 plus Ca the proton spectra appear to be nearly isotropic in the center of mass over the region measured. Comparisons of some data with firestreak, cascade, and fluid dynamics models indicate a failure of the first and a fair agreement with the latter two. In addition, associated fast charged particle multiplicities (where the particles had energies larger than 25 MeV/nucleon) and azimuthal correlations were measured with an 80 counter array of plastic scintillators. It was found that the associated multiplicities were a smooth function of the total kinetic energy of the projectile. NUCLEAR REACTIONS U(Ne20,X), EA=240 MeV/nucleon; U(Ar40,X), Ca(Ar40,X), U(Ne20,X), Au(Ne20,X), Ag(Ne20,X), Al(Ne20,X), U(He4,X), Al(He4,X), EA=390 MeV/nucleon; U(Ar40,X), Ca(Ar40,X), U(Ne20,X), U(He4,X), U(p,X), EA=1.04 GeV/nucleon; U(Ne20,X), EA=2.1 GeV/nucleon; measured σ(E,θ), X=p,d,t.

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Spin alignment and violation of the OZI rule in exclusive $\omega$ and $\phi$ production in pp collisions

The COMPASS collaboration Adolph, C. ; Akhunzyanov, R. ; Alexeev, M.G. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys. B886 (2014) 1078-1101, 2014.
Inspire Record 1298025 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64185
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Spin correlation in $t\bar{t}$ production from $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The D0 collaboration Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; Abramov, V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 85 (2000) 256-261, 2000.
Inspire Record 524260 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42996

The D0 collaboration has performed a study of spin correlation in tt-bar production for the process tt-bar to bb-bar W^+W^-, where the W bosons decay to e-nu or mu-nu. A sample of six events was collected during an exposure of the D0 detector to an integrated luminosity of approximately 125 pb^-1 of sqrt{s}=1.8 TeV pp-bar collisions. The standard model (SM) predicts that the short lifetime of the top quark ensures the transmission of any spin information at production to the tt-bar decay products. The degree of spin correlation is characterized by a correlation coefficient k. We find that k>-0.25 at the 68% confidence level, in agreement with the SM prediction of k=0.88.

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Strange Particle Production in $pp$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s}=0.9$ and 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 1105 (2011) 064, 2011.
Inspire Record 890166 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.57531

The spectra of strange hadrons are measured in proton-proton collisions, recorded by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC, at centre-of-mass energies of 0.9 and 7 TeV. The K^0_s, Lambda, and Xi^- particles and their antiparticles are reconstructed from their decay topologies and the production rates are measured as functions of rapidity and transverse momentum. The results are compared to other experiments and to predictions of the PYTHIA Monte Carlo program. The transverse momentum distributions are found to differ substantially from the PYTHIA results and the production rates exceed the predictions by up to a factor of three.

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Strange hadron production in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{\mathrm{NN}}}}$ = 7.7, 11.5, 19.6, 27, and 39 GeV

The STAR collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamczyk, Leszek ; Adams, Joseph ; et al.
2019.
Inspire Record 1738953 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.94313

We present STAR measurements of strange hadron ($\mathrm{K}^{0}_{\mathrm S}$, $\Lambda$, $\overline{\Lambda}$, $\Xi^-$, $\overline{\Xi}^+$, $\Omega^-$, $\overline{\Omega}^+$, and $\phi$) production at mid-rapidity ($|y| < 0.5$) in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{\mathrm{NN}}}}$ = 7.7 - 39 GeV from the Beam Energy Scan Program at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). Transverse momentum spectra, averaged transverse mass, and the overall integrated yields of these strange hadrons are presented versus the centrality and collision energy. Antibaryon-to-baryon ratios ($\overline{\Lambda}$/$\Lambda$, $\overline{\Xi}^+$/$\Xi^-$, $\overline{\Omega}^+$/$\Omega^-$) are presented as well, and used to test a thermal statistical model and to extract the temperature normalized strangeness and baryon chemical potentials at hadronic freeze-out ($\mu_{B}/T_{\rm ch}$ and $\mu_{S}/T_{\rm ch}$) in central collisions. Strange baryon-to-pion ratios are compared to various model predictions in central collisions for all energies. The nuclear modification factors ($R_{\textrm{CP}}$) and antibaryon-to-meson ratios as a function of transverse momentum are presented for all collision energies. The $\mathrm{K}^{0}_{\mathrm S}$ $R_{\textrm{CP}}$ shows no suppression for $p_{\rm T}$ up to 3.5 $\mathrm{GeV} / c$ at energies of 7.7 and 11.5 GeV. The $\overline{\Lambda}$/$\mathrm{K}^{0}_{\mathrm S}$ ratio also shows baryon-to-meson enhancement at intermediate $p_{\rm T}$ ($\sim$2.5 $\mathrm{GeV} / c$) in central collisions at energies above 19.6 GeV. Both observations suggest that there is likely a change of the underlying strange quark dynamics at collision energies below 19.6 GeV.

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Strange meson enhancement in Pb Pb collisions

The NA44 collaboration Bearden, I. ; Boggild, H. ; Boissevain, J. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B471 (1999) 6-12, 1999.
Inspire Record 504074 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31360
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Strange particle production in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 0.9 TeV with ALICE at the LHC

The ALICE collaboration Aamodt, K. ; Abrahantes Quintana, A. ; Adamova, D. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C71 (2011) 1594, 2011.
Inspire Record 881474 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.57569

The production of mesons containing strange quarks (K0s, phi) and both singly and doubly strange baryons (Lambda, Anti-Lambda, and Xi+Anti-Xi) are measured at central rapidity in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 0.9 TeV with the ALICE experiment at the LHC. The results are obtained from the analysis of about 250 k minimum bias events recorded in 2009. Measurements of yields (dN/dy) and transverse momentum spectra at central rapidities for inelastic pp collisions are presented. For mesons, we report yields (&lt;dN/dy>) of $0.184 \pm 0.002 stat. \pm 0.006 syst.$ for K0s and $0.021 \pm 0.004 stat. \pm 0.003 syst.$ for phi. For baryons, we find &lt;dN/dy> = 0.048 \pm 0.001 stat. \pm 0.004 syst.$ for $Lambda$, $0.047 \pm 0.002 stat. \pm 0.005 syst.$ for Anti-Lambda and $0.0101 \pm 0.0020 stat. \pm 0.0009 syst.$ for Xi+Anti-Xi. The results are also compared with predictions for identified particle spectra from QCD-inspired models and provide a baseline for comparisons with both future pp measurements at higher energies and heavy-ion collisions.

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Strange-particle production in pi- p collisions at 11.2 gev/c leading to two charged final particles

Dameri, M. ; Tomasini, G. ; Trevisan, U. ; et al.
Nuovo Cim. A9 (1972) 1-27, 1972.
Inspire Record 78421 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37457
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Strangelet search and antinuclei production studies in Pb + Pb collisions

The NA52 (NEWMASS) collaboration Klingenberg, Reiner ; Ambrosini, G. ; Appelquist, G. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys. A610 (1996) 306C-316C, 1996.
Inspire Record 432734 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36512
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