Studies of Beauty Suppression via Nonprompt $D^0$ Mesons in Pb-Pb Collisions at $Q^2 = 4$ $\rm GeV^2$

The CMS collaboration
Phys.Rev.Lett. 123 (2019) 022001, 2019.

The transverse momentum spectra of D$^0$ mesons from b hadron decays are measured at midrapidity ($|y|$ $<$ $1$) in pp and PbPb collisions at a nucleon-nucleon center of mass energy of 5.02 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC. The D$^0$ mesons from b hadron decays are distinguished from prompt D$^0$ mesons by their decay topologies. In PbPb collisions, the B $\to$ D$^0$ yield is found to be suppressed in the measured $p_\mathrm{T}$ range from 2 to 100 GeV$/c$ as compared to pp collisions. The suppression is weaker than that of prompt D$^0$ mesons and charged hadrons for $p_\mathrm{T}$ around 10 GeV$/c$. While theoretical calculations incorporating partonic energy loss in the quark-gluon plasma can successfully describe the measured B $\to$ D$^0$ suppression at higher $p_\mathrm{T}$, the data show an indication of larger suppression than the model predictions in the range of 2 $\lt$ $p_\mathrm{T}$ $\lt$ 5 GeV$/c$.

  • Table 1

    Fig. 2 upper panel


    $ {{{\mathrm {B}}}\to {\mathrm {D^0}}} $ $ {p_{\mathrm {T}}} $ -differential cross section in pp collisions at ${\sqrt {\smash [b]{s}}}...

  • Table 2

    Fig. 2 upper panel


    $ {{{\mathrm {B}}}\to {\mathrm {D^0}}} $ $ {p_{\mathrm {T}}} $ -differential invariant yield in PbPb collisions normalized with $ {T_{\mathrm...

  • Table 3

    Fig. 2 lower panel


    The $\text {data}/\mathrm {FONLL}$ ratio for the $ {{{\mathrm {B}}}\to {\mathrm {D^0}}} $ $ {p_{\mathrm {T}}} $ spectra in pp...

  • Table 4

    Fig. 3


    The $ {{{\mathrm {B}}}\to {\mathrm {D^0}}} $ nuclear modification factor $ {R_{\mathrm {AA}}} $ for PbPb collisions at ${\sqrt {\smash...

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