Search for excited electrons singly produced in proton–proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV with the ATLAS experiment at the LHC

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 79 (2019) 803, 2019.
Inspire Record 1738845 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.90452

A search for excited electrons produced in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 13$ TeV via a contact interaction $q\bar{q} \to ee^*$ is presented. The search uses 36.1 fb$^{-1}$ of data collected in 2015 and 2016 by the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider. Decays of the excited electron via a contact interaction into an electron and a pair of quarks ($eq\bar{q}$) are targeted in final states with two electrons and two hadronic jets, and decays via a gauge interaction into a neutrino and a $W$ boson ($\nu W$) are probed in final states with an electron, missing transverse momentum, and a large-radius jet consistent with a hadronically decaying $W$ boson. No significant excess is observed over the expected backgrounds. Upper limits are calculated for the $pp \to ee^* \to eeq\bar{q}$ and $pp \to ee^* \to e\nu W$ production cross sections as a function of the excited electron mass $m_{e^*}$ at 95% confidence level. The limits are translated into lower bounds on the compositeness scale parameter $\Lambda$ of the model as a function of $m_{e^*}$. For $m_{e^*} < 0.5$ TeV, the lower bound for $\Lambda$ is 11 TeV. In the special case of $m_{e^*} = \Lambda$, the values of $m_{e^*} < 4.8$ TeV are excluded. The presented limits on $\Lambda$ are more stringent than those obtained in previous searches.

7 data tables

The distribution of $m_{lljj}$ used to discriminate the signal from background processes in the $eejj$ channel. The distribution is shown after applying the preselection criteria. The background contributions are constrained using the CRs. The signal models assume $\Lambda$ = 5 TeV. The uncertainties for the expected backgrounds represent all considered systematic and statistical sources.

The distribution of $m_{T}^{\nu W}$ used to discriminate the signal and background processes in the $e\nu J$ channel. The distribution is shown after applying the preselection criteria. The background contributions are constrained using the CRs. The signal models assume $\Lambda$ = 5 TeV. The last bin includes overflow events (the underflow is not shown). The uncertainties for the expected backgrounds represent all considered systematic and statistical sources.

Upper limits on $\sigma\times B$ as a function of $m_{e^*}$ in the $eejj$ channel. The $\pm 1(2)\sigma$ uncertainty bands around the expected limit represent all sources of systematic and statistical uncertainties.

More…

Observation of electroweak production of a same-sign $W$ boson pair in association with two jets in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 123 (2019) 161801, 2019.
Inspire Record 1738841 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.84643

This Letter presents the observation and measurement of electroweak production of a same-sign $W$ boson pair in association with two jets using 36.1 fb$^{-1}$ of proton-proton collision data recorded at a center-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV by the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider. The analysis is performed in the detector fiducial phase-space region, defined by the presence of two same-sign leptons, electron or muon, and at least two jets with a large invariant mass and rapidity difference. A total of 122 candidate events are observed for a background expectation of $69 \pm 7$ events, corresponding to an observed signal significance of 6.5 standard deviations. The measured fiducial signal cross section is $\sigma^{\mathrm {fid.}}=2.89^{+0.51}_{-0.48} \mathrm{(stat.)} ^{+0.29}_{-0.28} \mathrm{(syst.)}$ fb.

6 data tables

Measured fiducial cross section.

The $m_{jj}$ distribution for events meeting all selection criteria for the signal region. Signal and individual background distributions are shown as predicted after the fit. The last bin includes the overflow. The highest value measured in a candidate event in data is $m_{jj}=3.8$ TeV.

The $m_{ll}$ distribution for events meeting all selection criteria for the signal region as predicted after the fit. The fitted signal strength and nuisance parameters have been propagated, with the exception of the uncertainties due to the interference and electroweak corrections for which a flat uncertainty is assigned. The last bin includes the overflow. The highest value measured in a candidate event in data is $m_{ll}=824$ GeV.

More…

Measurement of fiducial and differential $W^+W^-$ production cross-sections at $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 79 (2019) 884, 2019.
Inspire Record 1734263 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.89225

A measurement of fiducial and differential cross-sections for $W^+W^-$ production in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$13 TeV with the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $36.1$ fb$^{-1}$ is presented. Events with one electron and one muon are selected, corresponding to the decay of the diboson system as $WW\rightarrow e^{\pm}\nu\mu^{\mp}\nu$. To suppress top-quark background, events containing jets with a transverse momentum exceeding 35 GeV are not included in the measurement phase space. The fiducial cross-section, six differential distributions and the cross-section as a function of the jet-veto transverse momentum threshold are measured and compared with several theoretical predictions. Constraints on anomalous electroweak gauge boson self-interactions are also presented in the framework of a dimension-six effective field theory.

43 data tables

Measured fiducial cross-section as a function of the jet-veto $p_{T}$ threshold. The value at the jet-veto $p_{T}$ threshold of 35GeV corresponds to the nominal fiducial cross section measured in this publication.

Statistical correlation between bins in data for the measured fiducial cross-section as a function of the jet-veto $p_{T}$ threshold. The value at the jet-veto $p_{T}$ threshold of 35GeV corresponds to the nominal fiducial cross section measured in this publication.

Total correlation between bins in data for the measured fiducial cross-section as a function of the jet-veto $p_{T}$ threshold. The value at the jet-veto $p_{T}$ threshold of 35GeV corresponds to the nominal fiducial cross section measured in this publication.

More…

Search for a right-handed gauge boson decaying into a high-momentum heavy neutrino and a charged lepton in $pp$ collisions with the ATLAS detector at $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 798 (2019) 134942, 2019.
Inspire Record 1731814 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.89455

A search for a right-handed gauge boson $W_{\mathrm{R}}$, decaying into a boosted right-handed heavy neutrino $N_{\mathrm{R}}$, in the framework of Left-Right Symmetric Models is presented. It is based on data from proton-proton collisions with a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV collected by the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider during the years 2015, 2016 and 2017, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 80 fb$^{-1}$. The search is performed separately for electrons and muons in the final state. A distinguishing feature of the search is the use of large-radius jets containing electrons. Selections based on the signal topology result in smaller background compared with to expected signal. No significant deviation from the Standard Model prediction is observed and lower limits are set in the $W_{\mathrm{R}}$ and $N_{\mathrm{R}}$ mass plane. Mass values of the $W_{\mathrm{R}}$ smaller than 3.8-5 TeV are excluded for $N_{\mathrm{R}}$ in the mass range 0.1-1.8 TeV.

4 data tables

Expected 95% CL exclusion contours in the $(m_{N_R}, m_{W_R})$ plane in the electron channel.

Observed 95% CL exclusion contours in the $(m_{N_R}, m_{W_R})$ plane in the electron channel.

Expected 95% CL exclusion contours in the $(m_{N_R}, m_{W_R})$ plane in the muon channel.

More…

Fluctuations of anisotropic flow in Pb+Pb collisions at $ \sqrt{{\mathrm{s}}_{\mathrm{NN}}} $ = 5.02 TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
JHEP 01 (2020) 051, 2020.
Inspire Record 1728935 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.89325

Multi-particle azimuthal cumulants are measured as a function of centrality and transverse momentum using 470 $\mu$b$^{-1}$ of Pb+Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=5.02$ TeV with the ATLAS detector at the LHC. These cumulants provide information on the event-by-event fluctuations of harmonic flow coefficients $v_n$ and correlated fluctuations between two harmonics $v_n$ and $v_m$. For the first time, a non-zero four-particle cumulant is observed for dipolar flow, $v_1$. The four-particle cumulants for elliptic flow, $v_2$, and triangular flow, $v_3$, exhibit a strong centrality dependence and change sign in ultra-central collisions. This sign change is consistent with significant non-Gaussian fluctuations in $v_2$ and $v_3$. The four-particle cumulant for quadrangular flow, $v_4$, is found to change sign in mid-central collisions. Correlations between two harmonics are studied with three- and four-particle mixed-harmonic cumulants, which indicate an anti-correlation between $v_2$ and $v_3$, and a positive correlation between $v_2$ and $v_4$. These correlations decrease in strength towards central collisions and either approach zero or change sign in ultra-central collisions. To investigate the possible flow fluctuations arising from intrinsic centrality or volume fluctuations, the results are compared between two different event classes used for centrality definitions. In peripheral and mid-central collisions where the cumulant signals are large, only small differences are observed. In ultra-central collisions, the differences are much larger and transverse momentum dependent. These results provide new information to disentangle flow fluctuations from the initial and final states, as well as new insights on the influence of centrality fluctuations.

291 data tables

NchRec v.s. Et

<NchRec> w.r.t. Et

<Et> w.r.t. NchRec

More…

Measurement of jet-substructure observables in top quark, $W$ boson and light jet production in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
JHEP 08 (2019) 033, 2019.
Inspire Record 1724098 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.89324

A measurement of jet substructure variables is presented using data collected in 2016 by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC with proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV. Large-radius jets groomed with the trimming and soft-drop algorithms are studied. Dedicated event selections are used to study jets produced by light quarks or gluons, and hadronically decaying top quarks and $W$ bosons. The variables measured are sensitive to pronged substructure, and therefore are typically used for tagging jets from boosted massive particles. These include the energy correlation functions and the $N$-subjettiness variables. The number of subjets and the Les Houches angularity are also considered. The distributions of the substructure variables, corrected for detector effects, are compared to the predictions of various Monte Carlo event generators. They are also compared between the large-radius jets originating from light quarks or gluons, and hadronically decaying top quarks and $W$ bosons.

88 data tables

Figure 3a, Normalised differential Nsubjets distribution for soft-drop groomed jets, Dijet selection.

Figure 4a, Normalised differential LHA distribution for soft-drop groomed jets, Dijet selection

Figure 5a, Normalised differential C2 distribution for soft-drop groomed jets, Dijet selection

More…

Measurement of prompt photon production in $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} = 8.16$ TeV $p$+Pb collisions with ATLAS

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 796 (2019) 230-252, 2019.
Inspire Record 1723858 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.87256

The inclusive production rates of isolated, prompt photons in $p$+Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} = 8.16$ TeV are studied with the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider using a dataset with an integrated luminosity of 165 nb$^{-1}$ recorded in 2016. The cross-section and nuclear modification factor $R_{p\mathrm{Pb}}$ are measured as a function of photon transverse energy from 20 GeV to 550 GeV and in three nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass pseudorapidity regions, (-2.83,-2.02), (-1.84,0.91), and (1.09,1.90). The cross-section and $R_{p\mathrm{Pb}}$ values are compared with the results of a next-to-leading-order perturbative QCD calculation, with and without nuclear parton distribution function modifications, and with expectations based on a model of the energy loss of partons prior to the hard scattering. The data disfavour a large amount of energy loss and provide new constraints on the parton densities in nuclei.

7 data tables

The measured cross sections for prompt, isolated photons with rapidity in (1.09,1.90).

The measured cross sections for prompt, isolated photons with rapidity in (−1.84,0.91).

The measured cross sections for prompt, isolated photons with rapidity in (−2.83,−2.02).

More…

Search for heavy particles decaying into a top-quark pair in the fully hadronic final state in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 99 (2019) 092004, 2019.
Inspire Record 1722036 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.89050

A search for new particles decaying into a pair of top quarks is performed using proton-proton collision data recorded with the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider at a center-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s} = $13 TeV corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 36.1 fb$^{-1}$. Events consistent with top-quark pair production and the fully hadronic decay mode of the top quarks are selected by requiring multiple high transverse momentum jets including those containing $b$-hadrons. Two analysis techniques, exploiting dedicated top-quark pair reconstruction in different kinematic regimes, are used to optimize the search sensitivity to new hypothetical particles over a wide mass range. The invariant mass distribution of the two reconstructed top-quark candidates is examined for resonant production of new particles with various spins and decay widths. No significant deviation from the Standard Model prediction is observed and limits are set on the production cross-section times branching fraction for new hypothetical $Z'$ bosons, dark-matter mediators, Kaluza-Klein gravitons and Kaluza-Klein gluons. By comparing with the predicted production cross-sections, the $Z'$ boson in the topcolor-assisted-technicolor model is excluded for masses up to 3.1$-$3.6 TeV, the dark-matter mediators in a simplified framework are excluded in the mass ranges from 0.8 TeV to 0.9 TeV and from 2.0 TeV to 2.2 TeV, and the Kaluza-Klein gluon is excluded for masses up to 3.4 TeV, depending on the decay widths of the particles.

25 data tables

Acceptance times selection efficiency for topcolor-assisted-technicolor Z$^{\prime}_{TC2}$ as a function of top-quark pair mass for all regions A–D in the resolved analysis and the combination of all SRs in the boosted analysis.

Acceptance times selection efficiency for Kaluza-Klein graviton as a function of top-quark pair mass for all regions A–D in the resolved analysis and the combination of all SRs in the boosted analysis.

Acceptance times selection efficiency for Kaluza-Klein gluon Γ=30% as a function of top-quark pair mass for all regions A–D in the resolved analysis and the combination of all SRs in the boosted analysis.

More…

Measurement of $W^{\pm}Z$ production cross sections and gauge boson polarisation in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 13$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 79 (2019) 535, 2019.
Inspire Record 1720438 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83701

This paper presents measurements of $W^{\pm}Z$ production cross sections in $pp$ collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. The data were collected in 2015 and 2016 by the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider, and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 36.1 fb$^{-1}$. The $W^{\pm}Z$ candidate events are reconstructed using leptonic decay modes of the gauge bosons into electrons and muons. The measured inclusive cross section in the detector fiducial region for a single leptonic decay mode is $\sigma_{W^\pm Z \rightarrow \ell^{'} \nu \ell \ell}^{\textrm{fid.}} = 63.7 \pm 1.0$ (stat.) $\pm 2.3$ (syst.) $\pm 1.4$ (lumi.) fb, reproduced by the next-to-next-to-leading-order Standard Model prediction of $61.5^{+1.4}_{-1.3}$ fb. Cross sections for $W^+Z$ and $W^-Z$ production and their ratio are presented as well as differential cross sections for several kinematic observables. An analysis of angular distributions of leptons from decays of $W$ and $Z$ bosons is performed for the first time in pair-produced events in hadronic collisions, and integrated helicity fractions in the detector fiducial region are measured for the $W$ and $Z$ bosons separately. Of particular interest, the longitudinal helicity fraction of pair-produced vector bosons is also measured.

24 data tables

The measured $W^{\pm}Z$ fiducial cross section in the four channels and their combination. The first systematic uncertainty is the combined systematic uncertainty excluding luminosity uncertainty, the second is the modelling uncertainty, the third is luminosity uncertainty.

The measured $W^{+}Z$ fiducial cross section in the four channels and their combination. The first systematic uncertainty is the combined systematic uncertainty excluding luminosity uncertainty, the second is the modelling uncertainty, the third is luminosity uncertainty.

The measured $W^{-}Z$ fiducial cross section in the four channels and their combination. The first systematic uncertainty is the combined systematic uncertainty excluding luminosity uncertainty, the second is the modelling uncertainty, the third is luminosity uncertainty.

More…

Measurement of the four-lepton invariant mass spectrum in 13 TeV proton-proton collisions with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
JHEP 04 (2019) 048, 2019.
Inspire Record 1720442 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.84818

A measurement of the four-lepton invariant mass spectrum is made with the ATLAS detector, using an integrated luminosity of 36.1 fb$^{-1}$ of proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV delivered by the Large Hadron Collider. The differential cross-section is measured for events containing two same-flavour opposite-sign lepton pairs. It exhibits a rich structure, with different mass regions dominated in the Standard Model by single $Z$ boson production, Higgs boson production, and $Z$ boson pair production, and non-negligible interference effects at high invariant masses. The measurement is compared with state-of-the-art Standard Model calculations, which are found to be consistent with the data. These calculations are used to interpret the data in terms of $gg\rightarrow ZZ \rightarrow 4\ell$ and $Z \rightarrow 4\ell$ subprocesses, and to place constraints on a possible contribution from physics beyond the Standard Model.

29 data tables

Measured and expected differential cross-section $\text{d}\sigma / \text{d} m_{4l}$ as a function of $m_{4l}$

Measured and expected differential cross-section $\text{d}\sigma / \text{d} m_{4l}$ as a function of $m_{4l}$ in bin of 0$< p_{T}^{4l} <$20 GeV

Measured and expected differential cross-section $\text{d}\sigma / \text{d} m_{4l}$ as a function of $m_{4l}$ in bin of 20$< p_{T}^{4l} <$50 GeV

More…