Search for charged Higgs bosons produced in vector boson fusion processes and decaying into vector boson pairs in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
CMS-HIG-20-017, 2021.
Inspire Record 1857811 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.102461

A search for charged Higgs bosons produced in vector boson fusion processes and decaying into vector bosons, using proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV at the LHC, is reported. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb$^{-1}$ collected with the CMS detector. Events are selected by requiring two or three electrons or muons, moderate missing transverse momentum, and two jets with a large rapidity separation and a large dijet mass. No excess of events with respect to the standard model background predictions is observed. Model independent upper limits at 95% confidence level are reported on the product of the cross section and branching fraction for vector boson fusion production of charged Higgs bosons as a function of mass, from 200 to 3000 GeV. The results are interpreted in the context of the Georgi-Machacek model.

8 data tables

Summary of the impact of the systematic uncertainties on the extracted signal strength; for the case of a background-only simulated data set, i.e., assuming no contributions from the $\mathrm{H}^{\pm}$ and $\mathrm{H}^{\pm\pm}$ processes, and including a charged Higgs boson signal for values of $s_{\mathrm{H}}=1.0$ and $m_{\mathrm{H}_{5}}=500$ GeV in the GM model.

Expected signal and background yields from various SM processes and observed data events in all regions used in the analysis. The expected background yields are shown with their normalizations from the simultaneous fit for the background-only hypothesis, i.e., assuming no contributions from the $\mathrm{H}^{\pm}$ and $\mathrm{H}^{\pm\pm}$ processes. The expected signal yields are shown for $s_{\mathrm{H}}=1.0$ in the GM model. The combination of the statistical and systematic uncertainties is shown.

Distributions for signal, backgrounds, and data for the bins used in the simultaneous fit. The bins 1--32 (4$\times$8) show the events in the WW SR ($m_{\mathrm{jj}} \times m_{\mathrm{T}}$), the bins 33--46 (2$\times$7) show the events in the WZ SR ($m_{\mathrm{jj}} \times m_{\mathrm{T}}$), the 4 bins 47--50 show the events in the nonprompt lepton CR ($m_{\mathrm{jj}}$), the 4 bins 51--54 show the events in the tZq CR ($m_{\mathrm{jj}}$), and the 4 bins 55--58 show the events in the ZZ CR ($m_{\mathrm{jj}}$). The predicted yields are shown with their best fit normalizations from the simultaneous fit for the background-only hypothesis, i.e., assuming no contributions from the $\mathrm{H}^{\pm}$ and $\mathrm{H}^{\pm\pm}$ processes. Vertical bars on data points represent the statistical uncertainty in the data. The histograms for tVx backgrounds include the contributions from ttV and tZq processes. The histograms for other backgrounds include the contributions from double parton scattering, VVV, and from oppositely charged dilepton final states from tt, tW, $\mathrm{W}^{+}\mathrm{W}^{-}$, and Drell--Yan processes. The overflow is included in the last bin in each corresponding region. The lower panels show the ratio of the number of events observed in data to that of the total SM prediction. The hatched gray bands represent the uncertainties in the predicted yields. The solid lines show the signal predictions for values of $s_{\mathrm{H}}=1.0$ and $m_{\mathrm{H}_{5}}=500$ GeV in the GM model.

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Search for resonant and nonresonant new phenomena in high-mass dilepton final states at $\sqrt{s} = $ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
CMS-EXO-19-019, 2021.
Inspire Record 1849964 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.101186

A search is presented for physics beyond the standard model (SM) using electron or muon pairs with high invariant mass. A data set of proton-proton collisions collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV from 2016 to 2018 corresponding to a total integrated luminosity of up to 140 fb$^{-1}$ is analyzed. No significant deviation is observed with respect to the SM background expectations. Upper limits are presented on the ratio of the product of the production cross section and the branching fraction to dileptons of a new narrow resonance to that of the Z boson. These provide the most stringent lower limits to date on the masses for various spin-1 particles, spin-2 gravitons in the Randall--Sundrum model, as well as spin-1 mediators between the SM and dark matter particles. Lower limits on the ultraviolet cutoff parameter are set both for four-fermion contact interactions and for the Arkani-Hamed, Dimopoulos, and Dvali model with large extra dimensions. Lepton flavor universality is tested at the TeV scale for the first time by comparing the dimuon and dielectron mass spectra. No significant deviation from the SM expectation of unity is observed.

40 data tables

Product of acceptance and efficiency for dielectron pairs as a function of generated mass in simulated events. The DY samples are used to represent spin-1 particles, and RS graviton samples are used for spin-2 particles.

Product of acceptance and efficiency for dimuon pairs as a function of generated mass in simulated events. The DY samples are used to represent spin-1 particles, and RS graviton samples are used for spin-2 particles.

The invariant mass spectra of dielectron events. The points with error bars represent the observed yield. The histogram represents the expectations from the SM processes. The bins have equal width in logarithmic scale so that the width in GeV becomes larger with increasing mass.

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Observation of a new excited beauty strange baryon decaying to $\Xi^-_\mathrm{b} \pi^+ \pi^-$

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
CMS-BPH-20-004, 2021.
Inspire Record 1845579 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.102493

The $\Xi^-_\mathrm{b} \pi^+ \pi^-$ invariant mass spectrum is investigated with an event sample of proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} = $ 13 TeV, collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2016-2018 and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 140 fb$^{-1}$. The ground state $\Xi^-_\mathrm{b}$ is reconstructed via its decays to J$/\psi \Xi^-$ and J$/\psi \Xi^-\Lambda$K$^-$. A narrow resonance, labeled $\Xi_\mathrm{b}$(6100)$^-$, is observed at a $\Xi^-_\mathrm{b} \pi^+ \pi^-$ invariant mass of 6100.3 $\pm$ 0.2 (stat) $\pm$ 0.1 (syst) $\pm$ 0.6 ($\Xi^-_\mathrm{b}$) MeV, where the last uncertainty reflects the precision of the $\Xi^-_\mathrm{b}$ baryon mass. The upper limit on the $\Xi_\mathrm{b}$(6100)$^-$ natural width is determined to be 1.9 MeV at 95% confidence level. Following analogies with the established excited $\Xi_\mathrm{c}$ baryon states, the new $\Xi_\mathrm{b}$(6100)$^-$ resonance and its decay sequence are consistent with the orbitally excited $\Xi^-_\mathrm{b}$ baryon, with spin and parity quantum numbers $J^P=$ 3/2$^-$.

3 data tables

Measurement of the Higgs boson production rate in association with top quarks in final states with electrons, muons, and hadronically decaying tau leptons at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 81 (2021) 378, 2021.
Inspire Record 1828962 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.100163

The rate for Higgs (H) bosons production in association with either one (tH) or two ($\mathrm{t\bar{t}}$H) top quarks is measured in final states containing multiple electrons, muons, or tau leptons decaying to hadrons and a neutrino, using proton-proton collisions recorded at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV by the CMS experiment. The analyzed data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb$^{-1}$. The analysis is aimed at events that contain H $\to$ WW, H $\to$$\tau\tau$, or H $\to$ ZZ decays and each of the top quark(s) decays either to lepton+jets or all-jet channels. Sensitivity to signal is maximized by including ten signatures in the analysis, depending on the lepton multiplicity. The separation among the tH, the $\mathrm{t\bar{t}}$H, and the backgrounds is enhanced through machine-learning techniques and matrix-element methods. The measured production rates for the $\mathrm{t\bar{t}}$H and tH signals correspond to 0.92 $\pm$ 0.19 (stat) $^{+0.17}_{-0.13}$ (syst) and 5.7 $\pm$ 2.7 (stat) $\pm$ 3.0 (syst) of their respective standard model (SM) expectations. The corresponding observed (expected) significance amounts to 4.7 (5.2) standard deviations for $\mathrm{t\bar{t}}$H, and to 1.4 (0.3) for tH production. Assuming that the Higgs boson coupling to the tau lepton is equal in strength to its expectation in the SM, the coupling $y_{\mathrm{t}}$ of the Higgs boson to the top quark divided by its SM expectation, $\kappa_\mathrm{t}$ = $y_\mathrm{t} / y_\mathrm{t}^\mathrm{SM}$, is constrained to be within $-$0.9 $\lt$$\kappa_\mathrm{t}$$\lt$$-$0.7 or 0.7 $\lt$$\kappa_\mathrm{t}$$\lt$ 1.1, at 95% confidence level. This result is the most sensitive measurement of the $\mathrm{t\bar{t}}$H production rate to date.

13 data tables

Number of events selected in the $3\ell$- and $4\ell$-CRs and in the CR for the ttW background, compared to the event yields expected from different types of background and from the ttH and tH signals, after the fit to data is performed. Uncertainties shown include all systematic components.

Summary of the sources of systematic and statistical uncertainties and their impact on the measurement of the ttH and tH signal rates, and the measured value of the unconstrained nuisance parameters. The quantity $\Delta r_{x}/r_{x}$ corresponds to the change in uncertainty when fixing the nuisance parameters associated with that uncertainty in the fit. Under the label "MC and sideband statistical uncertainty" are the uncertainties associated with the limited number of simulated MC events and the amount of data events in the application region of the MP method.

Number of events selected in the 2$\ell$ss+0$\tau_{\mathrm{h}}$, 3$\ell$+0$\tau_{\mathrm{h}}$, and 2$\ell$ss+1$\tau_{\mathrm{h}}$ analysis channels compared to the event yields expected from the $ tH$ and $ H$ signals and from background processes. The expected event yields are computed for the values of nuisance parameters and of the POI obtained from the ML fit. The best fit values of the POI amount to $\hat{r_{ttH}} = 0.92$ and $\hat{r_{tH}} = 5.7$. Quoted uncertainties represent the sum of statistical and systematic components.

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Measurement of charged particle multiplicity distributions in DIS at HERA and its implication to entanglement entropy of partons

The H1 collaboration Andreev, V. ; Baghdasaryan, A. ; Baty, A. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 81 (2021) 212, 2021.
Inspire Record 1827840 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.102570

Charged particle multiplicity distributions in positron-proton deep inelastic scattering at a centre-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s}=319$ GeV are measured. The data are collected with the H1 detector at HERA corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $136$ pb${}^{-1}$. Charged particle multiplicities are measured as a function of photon virtuality $Q^2$, inelasticity $y$ and pseudorapidity $\eta$ in the laboratory and the hadronic centre-of-mass frames. Predictions from different Monte Carlo models are compared to the data. The first and second moments of the multiplicity distributions are determined and the KNO scaling behaviour is investigated. The multiplicity distributions as a function of $Q^2$ and the Bjorken variable $x_{\rm Bj}$ are converted to the hadron entropy $S_{\rm hadron}$, and predictions from a quantum entanglement model are tested.

10 data tables

Charged particle multiplicity distribution $P(N)$ measured as a function of the number of charged particles $N$ in 4x4 kinematic bins of $Q^2$ and $y$.

Charged particle multiplicity distribution $P(N)$ measured as a function of the number of charged particles $N$ in three overlapping pseudorapidity ranges $-1.2<\eta_{lab}\vert<0.2$, $-0.5<\eta_{lab}\vert<0.9$ and $0.2<\eta_{lab}\vert<1.6$, subdivided into 4x4 kinematic bins of $Q^2$ and $y$.

Charged particle multiplicity distribution $P(N)$ measured as a function of the number of charged particles $N$ with the additional restriction to select only particles from the current region of the Breit frame $0<\eta^{*}<4$, in 4x4 kinematic bins of $Q^2$ and $y$.

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Measurement of the production cross section of 31 GeV/$c$ protons on carbon via beam attenuation in a 90-cm-long target

The NA61/SHINE collaboration Acharya, A. ; Adhikary, H. ; Aduszkiewicz, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 103 (2021) 012006, 2021.
Inspire Record 1824424 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.100512

The production cross section of 30.92 GeV/$c$ protons on carbon is measured by the NA61/SHINE spectrometer at the CERN SPS by means of beam attenuation in a copy (replica) of the 90-cm-long target of the T2K neutrino oscillation experiment. The employed method for direct production cross-section estimation minimizes model corrections for elastic and quasi-elastic interactions. The obtained production cross section is $\sigma_\mathrm{prod}~=~227.6~\pm~0.8\mathrm{(stat)}~_{-~3.2}^{+~1.9}\mathrm{(sys)}~{-~0.8}\mathrm{(mod)}$ mb. It is in agreement with previous NA61/SHINE results obtained with a thin carbon target, while providing improved precision with a total fractional uncertainty of less than 2$\%$. This direct measurement is performed to reduce the uncertainty on the T2K neutrino flux prediction associated with the re-weighting of the interaction rate of neutrino-yielding hadrons.

2 data tables

Production cross section in p+C interactions at different incident beam momenta.

Production cross section in p+C interactions at different beam momenta. The total uncertainty is the statistical, systematic and model uncertainties added in quadrature.


Measurements of $\pi^-$ production in $^7$Be+$^9$Be collisions at beam momenta from 19$A$ to 150$A$GeV/$c$ in the NA61/SHINE experiment at the CERN SPS

The NA61/SHINE collaboration Acharya, A. ; Adhikary, H. ; Aduszkiewicz, A. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 80 (2020) 961, 2020.
Inspire Record 1811793 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98673

The NA61/SHINE collaboration studies at the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS) the onset of deconfinement in hadronic matter by the measurement of particle production in collisions of nuclei with various sizes at a set of energies covering the SPS energy range. This paper presents results on inclusive double-differential spectra and mean multiplicities of $\pi^{-}$ mesons produced in the 5\% most \textit{central} $^7$Be+$^9$Be collisions at beam momenta of 19$A$, 30$A$, 40$A$, 75$A$ and 150$A$ GeV/$c$ obtained by the so-called $h^-$ method which does not require any particle identification. The shape of the transverse mass spectra differs from the shapes measured in central Pb+Pb collisions and inelastic p+p interactions. The normalized width of the rapidity distribution decreases with increasing collision energy and is in between the results for inelastic nucleon-nucleon and central Pb+Pb collisions. The mean multiplicity of pions per wounded nucleon in \textit{central} $^7$Be+$^9$Be collisions is close to that in central Pb+Pb collisions up to 75$A$GeV/$c$. However, at the top SPS energy the result is close to the one for inelastic nucleon-nucleon interactions. The results are discussed in the context of predictions for the onset of deconfinement at the CERN SPS collision energies.

10 data tables

Transverse momentum spectra of PI− in rapidity slices produced in the 5% most central Be+Be collisions at 19A GeV/c.

Transverse momentum spectra of PI− in rapidity slices produced in the 5% most central Be+Be collisions at 30A GeV/c.

Transverse momentum spectra of PI− in rapidity slices produced in the 5% most central Be+Be collisions at 40A GeV/c.

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Investigation of the linear and mode-coupled flow harmonics in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt {S_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV

The STAR collaboration Adam, J. ; Adamczyk, L. ; Adams, J.R. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 809 (2020) 135728, 2020.
Inspire Record 1802752 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.95353

Flow harmonics ($\textit{v}_{n}$) of the Fourier expansion for the azimuthal distributions of hadrons are commonly employed to quantify the azimuthal anisotropy of particle production relative to the collision symmetry planes. While lower order Fourier coefficients ($\textit{v}_{2}$ and $\textit{v}_{3}$) are more directly related to the corresponding eccentricities of the initial state, the higher-order flow harmonics ($\textit{v}_{n>3}$) can be induced by a mode-coupled response to the lower-order anisotropies, in addition to a linear response to the same-order anisotropies. These higher-order flow harmonics and their linear and mode-coupled contributions can be used to more precisely constrain the initial conditions and the transport properties of the medium in theoretical models. The multiparticle azimuthal cumulant method is used to measure the linear and mode-coupled contributions in the higher-order anisotropic flow, the mode-coupled response coefficients, and the correlations of the event plane angles for charged particles as functions of centrality and transverse momentum in Au+Au collisions at nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy \roots = 200 GeV. The results are compared to similar LHC measurements as well as to several viscous hydrodynamic calculations with varying initial conditions.

5 data tables

3-particle integrated correlators

The integrated $v_{4}$ and $v_{5}$

The integrated $\chi_{4,22}$, $\rho_{4,22}$, $\chi_{5,23}$ and $\rho_{5,23}$

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Measurements of $\Xi^{-}$ and $\overline{\Xi}^{+}$ production in proton-proton interactions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 17.3 GeV in the NA61/SHINE experiment

The NA61/SHINE collaboration Aduszkiewicz, A. ; Andronov, E.V. ; Antićić, T. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 80 (2020) 833, 2020.
Inspire Record 1799187 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98674

The production of $\Xi(1321)^{-}$ and $\overline{\Xi}(1321)^{+}$ hyperons in inelastic p+p interactions is studied in a fixed target experiment at a beam momentum of 158 GeV/textit{c}. Double differential distributions in rapidity y and transverse momentum $p_{T}$ are obtained from a sample of 33M inelastic events. They allow to extrapolate the spectra to full phase space and to determine the mean multiplicity of both $\Xi^{-}$ and $\overline{\Xi}^{+}$. The rapidity and transverse momentum spectra are compared to transport model predictions. The $\Xi^{-}$ mean multiplicity in inelastic p+p interactions at 158~\GeVc is used to quantify the strangeness enhancement in A+A collisions at the same centre-of-mass energy per nucleon pair.

6 data tables

Transverse momentum spectra in rapidity slices of Xi- produced in inelastic p+p interactions at 158 GeV/c. Rapidity values given in the legends correspond to the middle of the corresponding interval.

Transverse momentum spectra in rapidity slices of bar{Xi+} produced in inelastic p+p interactions at 158 GeV/c. Rapidity values given in the legends correspond to the middle of the corresponding interval.

Rapidity spectra of Xi- and XIBAR+ produced in inelastic p+p interactions at 158 GeV/c.

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Measurement of inclusive charged-particle jet production in Au + Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=$200 GeV

The STAR collaboration Adam, J. ; Adamczyk, L. ; Adams, J.R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 102 (2020) 054913, 2020.
Inspire Record 1798665 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.95120

The STAR Collaboration at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider reports the first measurement of inclusive jet production in peripheral and central Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$~=~200 GeV. Jets are reconstructed with the anti-k$_{T}$ algorithm using charged tracks with pseudo--rapidity $|\eta|<1.0$ and transverse momentum $0.2<p_{T}<30$ GeV/$c$, with jet resolution parameter $R$~=~0.2, 0.3, and 0.4. The large background yield uncorrelated with the jet signal is observed to be dominated by statistical phase space, consistent with a previous coincidence measurement. This background is suppressed by requiring a high transverse-momentum (high-$p_T$) leading hadron in accepted jet candidates. The bias imposed by this requirement is assessed, and the $p_T$-region in which the bias is small is identified. Inclusive charged-particle jet distributions are reported in peripheral and central Au+Au collisions for $5<p_{T,jet}^{ch}<25$ GeV/$c$ and $5<p_{T,jet}^{ch}<30$ GeV/$c$, respectively. The charged-particle jet inclusive yield is suppressed for central Au+Au collisions, compared to both the peripheral Au+Au yield from this measurement and to the $pp$ yield calculated using the PYTHIA event generator. The magnitude of the suppression is consistent with that of inclusive hadron production at high $p_T$, and that of semi-inclusive recoil jet yield when expressed in terms of energy loss due to medium-induced energy transport. Comparison of inclusive charged-particle jet yields for different values of $R$ exhibits no significant evidence for medium-induced broadening of the transverse jet profile for $R<0.4$ in central Au+Au collisions. The measured distributions are consistent with theoretical model calculations that incorporate jet quenching.

12 data tables

Corrected inclusive charged-particle jet distributions in Au+Au collisions at 200 GeV for R=0.2, 0.3, and 0.4 in central (0-10%) Au+Au collisions for pTlead,min = 5 GeV/c. The first uncertainty is statistical (symmetric), followed by shape uncertainty (asymmetric) and correlated uncertainty (asymmetric).

Corrected inclusive charged-particle jet distributions in Au+Au collisions at 200 GeV for R=0.2, 0.3, and 0.4 in peripheral (60-80%) Au+Au collisions for pTlead,min = 5 GeV/c. The first uncertainty is statistical (symmetric), followed by shape uncertainty (asymmetric) and correlated uncertainty (asymmetric).

Corrected inclusive charged-particle jet distributions in Au+Au collisions at 200 GeV for R=0.2, 0.3, and 0.4 in central (0-10%) Au+Au collisions for pTlead,min = 7 GeV/c. The first uncertainty is statistical (symmetric), followed by shape uncertainty (asymmetric) and correlated uncertainty (asymmetric).

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