Centrality dependence of J/$\psi$ and $\psi$(2S) production and nuclear modification in p-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}} =$ 8.16 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Acharya, Shreyasi ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Adler, Alexander ; et al.
JHEP 02 (2021) 002, 2021.
Inspire Record 1811102 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.100166

The inclusive production of the J/$\psi$ and $\psi$(2S) charmonium states is studied as a function of centrality in p-Pb collisions at a centre-of-mass energy per nucleon pair $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}} = 8.16$ TeV at the LHC. The measurement is performed in the dimuon decay channel with the ALICE apparatus in the centre-of-mass rapidity intervals $-4.46 < y_{\rm cms} < -2.96$ (Pb-going direction) and $2.03 < y_{\rm cms} < 3.53$ (p-going direction), down to zero transverse momentum ($p_{\rm T}$). The J/$\psi$ and $\psi$(2S) production cross sections are evaluated as a function of the collision centrality, estimated through the energy deposited in the zero degree calorimeter located in the Pb-going direction. The $p_{\rm T}$-differential J/$\psi$ production cross section is measured at backward and forward rapidity for several centrality classes, together with the corresponding average $\langle p_{\rm T} \rangle$ and $\langle p^{2}_{\rm T} \rangle$ values. The nuclear effects affecting the production of both charmonium states are studied using the nuclear modification factor. In the p-going direction, a suppression of the production of both charmonium states is observed, which seems to increase from peripheral to central collisions. In the Pb-going direction, however, the centrality dependence is different for the two states: the nuclear modification factor of the J/$\psi$ increases from below unity in peripheral collisions to above unity in central collisions, while for the $\psi$(2S) it stays below or consistent with unity for all centralities with no significant centrality dependence. The results are compared with measurements in p-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}} = 5.02$ TeV and no significant dependence on the energy of the collision is observed. Finally, the results are compared with theoretical models implementing various nuclear matter effects.

22 data tables

The $p_{\rm T}$-differential inclusive J/$\psi$ cross sections for six centrality classes at backward ($-4.46 < y_{\rm cms} < -2.96$) centre-of-mass rapidity. The first uncertainty is statistical, the second one and the third ones are the uncorrelated and correlated systematic uncertainties, respectively. The third uncertainty is fully correlated over $p_{\rm T}$.

The $p_{\rm T}$-differential inclusive J/$\psi$ cross sections for six centrality classes at forward ($2.03 < y_{\rm cms} < 3.53$) centre-of-mass rapidity. The first uncertainty is statistical, the second one and the third ones are the uncorrelated and correlated systematic uncertainties, respectively. The third uncertainty is fully correlated over $p_{\rm T}$.

The values of $\langle p_{\rm T} \rangle$ and $\langle p^{2}_{\rm T} \rangle$ for six centrality classes at backward ($-4.46 < y_{\rm cms} < -2.96$) and forward ($2.03 < y_{\rm cms} < 3.53$) centre-of-mass rapidity. The first uncertainty is statistical, the second one is the systematic uncertainty.

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Production of $\omega$ mesons in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Acharya, Shreyasi ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Adler, Alexander ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 80 (2020) 1130, 2020.
Inspire Record 1805263 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.99031

The invariant differential cross section of inclusive $\omega(782)$ meson production at midrapidity ($|y|<0.5$) in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV was measured with the ALICE detector at the LHC over a transverse momentum range of 2 < $p_{\rm{T}}$ < 17 GeV/$c$. The $\omega$ meson was reconstructed via its $\omega\rightarrow\pi^+\pi^-\pi^0$ decay channel. The measured $\omega$ production cross section is compared to various calculations: PYTHIA 8.2 Monash 2013 describes the data, while PYTHIA 8.2 Tune 4C overestimates the data by about 50%. A recent NLO calculation, which includes a model describing the fragmentation of the whole vector-meson nonet, describes the data within uncertainties below 6 GeV/$c$, while it overestimates the data by up to 50% for higher $p_{\rm{T}}$. The $\omega/\pi^0$ ratio is in agreement with previous measurements at lower collision energies and the PYTHIA calculations. In addition, the measurement is compatible with transverse mass scaling within the measured $p_{\rm{T}}$ range and the ratio is constant with $C^{\omega/\pi^{0}}$ = 0.67 $\pm$ 0.03 (stat) $\pm$ 0.04 (sys) above a transverse momentum of 2.5 GeV/$c$.

2 data tables

Invariant differential cross section of OMEGA mesons produced in inelastic pp collisions at center-of-mass energy 7 TeV, the uncertainty of sigma_{MB} of 3.5% is not included in the systematic error.

The measured ratio of cross sections for inclusive OMEGA to PI0 production at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV.


Measurement of isolated photon-hadron correlations in $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 5.02 TeV pp and p-Pb collisions

The ALICE collaboration Acharya, Shreyasi ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Adler, Alexander ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 102 (2020) 044908, 2020.
Inspire Record 1798523 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98564

This paper presents isolated photon-hadron correlations using pp and p-Pb data collected by the ALICE detector at the LHC. For photons with |$\eta$| < 0.67 and 12 < $p_{\rm{T}}$ < 40 GeV/$c$, the associated yield of charged particles in the range |$\eta$| < 0.80 and 0.5 < $p_{\rm{T}}$ < 10 GeV/$c$ is presented. These momenta are much lower than previous measurements at the LHC. No significant difference between pp and p-Pb is observed, with PYTHIA 8.2 describing both data sets within uncertainties. This measurement constrains nuclear effects on the parton fragmentation in p-Pb collisions, and provides a benchmark for future studies of Pb-Pb collisions.

5 data tables

$\gamma^\mathrm{iso}$-hadron correlation functions for pp (red) and p$-$Pb (blue) data at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV as measured by the ALICE detector. The different panels represent three different $z_\mathrm{T}$ bins. The correlation functions are projected over the range $|\Delta\eta| < 1.2$. The darker bands at zero represents the uncertainty from the underlying event estimation in pp and p$-$Pb. The underlying event was estimated over the range $|0.4 <\Delta\varphi < 1.6|$. The vertical bars represent statistical uncertainties only. The boxes indicate the systematic uncertainties. The dashed green line represents the $\gamma^\mathrm{iso}$-hadron correlation function obtained with PYTHIA 8.2 Monash Tune. '$p$' is the p-value for the hypothesis that the pp and p$-$Pb data follow the same true correlation function.

$\gamma^\mathrm{iso}$-hadron correlation functions for pp (red) and p$-$Pb (blue) data at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV as measured by the ALICE detector. The different panels represent three different $z_\mathrm{T}$ bins. The correlation functions are projected over the range $|\Delta\eta| < 1.2$. The darker bands at zero represents the uncertainty from the underlying event estimation in pp and p$-$Pb. The underlying event was estimated over the range $|0.4 <\Delta\varphi < 1.6|$. The vertical bars represent statistical uncertainties only. The boxes indicate the systematic uncertainties. The dashed green line represents the $\gamma^\mathrm{iso}$-hadron correlation function obtained with PYTHIA 8.2 Monash Tune. '$p$' is the p-value for the hypothesis that the pp and p$-$Pb data follow the same true correlation function.

$\gamma^\mathrm{iso}$-hadron correlation functions for pp (red) and p$-$Pb (blue) data at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV as measured by the ALICE detector. The different panels represent three different $z_\mathrm{T}$ bins. The correlation functions are projected over the range $|\Delta\eta| < 1.2$. The darker bands at zero represents the uncertainty from the underlying event estimation in pp and p$-$Pb. The underlying event was estimated over the range $|0.4 <\Delta\varphi < 1.6|$. The vertical bars represent statistical uncertainties only. The boxes indicate the systematic uncertainties. The dashed green line represents the $\gamma^\mathrm{iso}$-hadron correlation function obtained with PYTHIA 8.2 Monash Tune. '$p$' is the p-value for the hypothesis that the pp and p$-$Pb data follow the same true correlation function.

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J/$\psi$ elliptic and triangular flow in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Acharya, Shreyasi ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Adler, Alexander ; et al.
JHEP 10 (2020) 141, 2020.
Inspire Record 1798507 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.99234

The inclusive J/$\psi$ elliptic ($v_2$) and triangular ($v_3$) flow coefficients measured at forward rapidity (2.5 $<y<$ 4) and the $v_2$ measured at midrapidity ($|y|<$ 0.9) in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV using the ALICE detector at the LHC are reported. The entire Pb-Pb data sample collected during Run 2 is employed, amounting to an integrated luminosity of 750 $\mu$b$^{-1}$ at forward rapidity and 93 $\mu$b$^{-1}$ at midrapidity. The results are obtained using the scalar product method and are reported as a function of transverse momentum $p_{\rm T}$ and collision centrality. At midrapidity, the J/$\psi$ $v_2$ is in agreement with the forward rapidity measurement. The centrality averaged results indicate a positive J/$\psi$ $v_3$ with a significance of more than 5$\sigma$ at forward rapidity in the $p_{\rm T}$ range $2<p_{\rm T}<5$ GeV/$c$. The forward rapidity $v_2$, $v_3$, and $v_3$/$v_2$ results at low and intermediate $p_{\rm T}$ ($p_{\rm T} \lesssim 8$ GeV/$c$) exhibit a mass hierarchy when compared to pions and D mesons, while converging into a species-independent curve at higher $p_{\rm T}$. At low and intermediate $p_{\rm T}$, the results could be interpreted in terms of a later thermalization of charm quarks compared to light quarks, while at high $p_{\rm T}$, path-length dependent effects seem to dominate. The J/$\psi$ $v_2$ measurements are further compared to a microscopic transport model calculation. Using a simplified extension of the quark scaling approach involving both light and charm quark flow components, it is shown that the D-meson $v_{\rm n}$ measurements can be described based on those for charged pions and J/$\psi$ flow.

19 data tables

Inclusive J/$\psi$ $v_2$ as a function of $p_{T}$ in the centrality interval 0$-$10.0 %

Inclusive J/$\psi$ $v_2$ as a function of $p_{T}$ in the centrality interval 10$-$30 %

Inclusive J/$\psi$ $v_2$ as a function of $p_{T}$ in the centrality interval 30$-$50 %

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Constraining the Chiral Magnetic Effect with charge-dependent azimuthal correlations in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{\it{s}_{\mathrm{NN}}}$ = 2.76 and 5.02 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Acharya, Shreyasi ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Adler, Alexander ; et al.
JHEP 09 (2020) 160, 2020.
Inspire Record 1798528 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.97127

Systematic studies of charge-dependent two- and three-particle correlations in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{\it{s}_\mathrm{{NN}}} = $ 2.76 and 5.02 TeV used to probe the Chiral Magnetic Effect (CME) are presented. These measurements are performed for charged particles in the pseudorapidity ($\eta$) and transverse momentum ($p_{\rm{T}}$) ranges $\left|\eta \right| < 0.8$ and $0.2 < p_{\mathrm{T}} < 5$ GeV/$c$. A significant charge-dependent signal that becomes more pronounced for peripheral collisions is reported for the CME-sensitive correlators $\gamma_{1,1} = \langle \cos (\varphi_{\alpha} +\varphi_{\beta} - 2\Psi_{2}) \rangle$ and $\gamma_{1,-3} = \langle \cos (\varphi_{\alpha} -3\varphi_{\beta} + 2\Psi_{2}) \rangle$. The results are used to estimate the contribution of background effects, associated with local charge conservation coupled to anisotropic flow modulations, to measurements of the CME. A blast-wave parametrisation that incorporates local charge conservation tuned to reproduce the centrality dependent background effects is not able to fully describe the measured $\gamma_{1,1}$. Finally, the charge and centrality dependence of mixed-harmonics three-particle correlations, of the form $\gamma_{1,2} = \langle \cos (\varphi_{\alpha} +2\varphi_{\beta} - 3\Psi_{3}) \rangle$, which are insensitive to the CME signal, verify again that background contributions dominate the measurement of $\gamma_{1,1}$.

11 data tables

2-particle integrated correlators

2-particle differential correlator versus pT difference

2-particle differential correlator versus average pT

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Elliptic and triangular flow of (anti)deuterons in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}$ = 5.02 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Acharya, Shreyasi ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Adler, Alexander ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 102 (2020) 055203, 2020.
Inspire Record 1798556 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.99901

The measurements of the (anti)deuterons elliptic flow ($v_2$) and the first measurements of triangular flow ($v_3$) in Pb-Pb collisions at a center-of-mass energy per nucleon-nucleon collisions $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}$ = 5.02 TeV are presented. A mass ordering at low transverse momentum ($p_{\rm T}$) is observed when comparing these measurements with those of other identified hadrons, as expected from relativistic hydrodynamics. The measured (anti)deuterons $v_2$ lies between the predictions from the simple coalescence and blast-wave models, which provide a good description of the data only for more peripheral and for more central collisions, respectively. The mass number scaling, which is violated for $v_2$, is approximately valid for the (anti)deuterons $v_3$. The measured $v_2$ and $v_3$ are also compared with the predictions from a coalescence approach with phase-space distributions of nucleons generated by iEBE-VISHNU with AMPT initial conditions coupled with UrQMD, and from a dynamical model based on relativistic hydrodynamics coupled to the hadronic afterburner SMASH. The model predictions are consistent with the data within the uncertainties in mid-central collisions, while a deviation is observed in central centrality intervals.

11 data tables

v2 as a function of pT for Pb-Pb collisions at \sqrt{s_NN} = 5.02 TeV and centrality 0-5%.

v2 as a function of pT for Pb-Pb collisions at \sqrt{s_NN} = 5.02 TeV and centrality 5-10%.

v2 as a function of pT for Pb-Pb collisions at \sqrt{s_NN} = 5.02 TeV and centrality 10-20%.

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Dielectron production in proton-proton and proton-lead collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 5.02 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Acharya, Shreyasi ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Adler, Alexander ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 102 (2020) 055204, 2020.
Inspire Record 1797621 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98625

The first measurements of dielectron production at midrapidity ($|\eta_{c}|<0.8$) in proton-proton and proton-lead collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 5.02 TeV at the LHC are presented. The dielectron cross section is measured with the ALICE detector as a function of the invariant mass $m_{\rm{ee}}$ and the pair transverse momentum $p_{\rm{T,ee}}$ in the ranges $m_{\rm{ee}}$ < 3.5 GeV/$c^{2}$ and $p_{\rm{T,ee}}$ < 8.0 GeV/$c^{2}$, in both collision systems. In proton-proton collisions, the charm and beauty cross sections are determined at midrapidity from a fit to the data with two different event generators. This complements the existing dielectron measurements performed at $\sqrt{s}$ = 7 and 13 TeV. The slope of the $\sqrt{s}$ dependence of the three measurements is described by FONLL calculations. The dielectron cross section measured in proton-lead collisions is in agreement, within the current precision, with the expected dielectron production without any nuclear matter effects for $\rm{e}^{+}\rm{e}^{-}$ pairs from open heavy-flavor hadron decays. For the first time at LHC energies, the dielectron production in proton-lead and proton-proton collisions are directly compared at the same $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ via the dielectron nuclear modification factor $R_{\rm{pPb}}$. The measurements are compared to model calculations including cold nuclear matter effects, or additional sources of dielectrons from thermal radiation.

9 data tables

Inclusive $e^+e^-$ cross section in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 5.02 TeV as a function of $m_{\rm ee}$. Electrons are measured within $|\eta_{\rm e}| < 0.8$ and $p_{\rm T,e} > 0.2$ GeV/$c$.

Inclusive $e^+e^-$ cross section in p-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 5.02 TeV as a function of $m_{\rm ee}$. Electrons are measured within $|\eta_{\rm e}| < 0.8$ and $p_{\rm T,e} > 0.2$ GeV/$c$.

Inclusive $e^+e^-$ cross section in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 5.02 TeV as a function of $p_{\rm T,ee}$ for $0.5 < m_{\rm ee} < 1.1$ GeV/$c$. Electrons are measured within $|\eta_{\rm e}| < 0.8$ and $p_{\rm T,e} > 0.2$ GeV/$c$.

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Version 2
A new laboratory to study hadron-hadron interactions

The ALICE collaboration Collaboration, Alice ; Acharya, Shreyasi ; Adamova, Dagmar ; et al.
Nature 588 (2020) 232-238, 2020.
Inspire Record 1797617 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.100195

One of the key challenges for nuclear physics today is to understand from first principles the effective interaction between hadrons with different quark content. First successes have been achieved using techniques that solve the dynamics of quarks and gluons on discrete space-time lattices. Experimentally, the dynamics of the strong interaction have been studied by scattering hadrons off each other. Such scattering experiments are difficult or impossible for unstable hadrons and so high-quality measurements exist only for hadrons containing up and down quarks. Here we demonstrate that measuring correlations in the momentum space between hadron pairs produced in ultrarelativistic proton-proton collisions at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) provides a precise method with which to obtain the missing information on the interaction dynamics between any pair of unstable hadrons. Specifically, we discuss the case of the interaction of baryons containing strange quarks (hyperons). We demonstrate how, using precision measurements of p-omega baryon correlations, the effect of the strong interaction for this hadron-hadron pair can be studied with precision similar to, and compared with, predictions from lattice calculations. The large number of hyperons identified in proton-proton collisions at the LHC, together with an accurate modelling of the small (approximately one femtometre) inter-particle distance and exact predictions for the correlation functions, enables a detailed determination of the short-range part of the nucleon-hyperon interaction.

4 data tables

The p--$\Xi^{-}$ $\oplus$ $\overline{\mathrm{p}}$--$\overline{\Xi}^{+}$ correlation function.

The p--$\Xi^{-}$ $\oplus$ $\overline{\mathrm{p}}$--$\overline{\Xi}^{+}$ correlation function.

The p--$\Omega^{-}$ $\oplus$ $\overline{\mathrm{p}}$--$\overline{\Omega}^{+}$ correlation function.

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Multiplicity dependence of J/$\psi$ production at midrapidity in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Acharya, Shreyasi ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Adler, Alexander ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 810 (2020) 135758, 2020.
Inspire Record 1797445 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.96306

Measurements of the inclusive J/$\psi$ yield as a function of charged-particle pseudorapidity density ${\rm d}N_{\rm ch}/\rm{d}\eta$ in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV with ALICE at the LHC are reported. The J/$\psi$ meson yield is measured at midrapidity ($|y|<0.9$) in the dielectron channel, for events selected based on the charged-particle multiplicity at midrapidity ($|\eta|<1$) and at forward rapidity ($-3.7<\eta<-1.7$ and $2.8<\eta<5.1$); both observables are normalized to their corresponding averages in minimum bias events. The increase of the normalized J/$\psi$ yield with normalized ${\rm d}N_{\rm ch}/\rm{d}\eta$ is significantly stronger than linear and dependent on the transverse momentum. The data are compared to theoretical predictions, which describe the observed trends well, albeit not always quantitatively.

6 data tables

$N_{J/psi}/<N_{J/\psi}> / N_{ch}/<N_{ch}>$, $|y^{J/\psi}|<0.9$, $p_{T}^{J/\psi}$ integrated, event selection SPD

$N_{J/psi}/<N_{J/\psi}> / N_{ch}/<N_{ch}>$, $|y^{J/\psi}|<0.9$, $p_{T}^{J/\psi}$ integrated, event selection V0

$N_{J/psi}/<N_{J/\psi}> / N_{ch}/<N_{ch}>$, $|y^{J/\psi}|<0.9$, $p_{T}^{J/\psi}$ 0-4 and 4-8 GeV/c, event selection SPD

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Transverse-momentum and event-shape dependence of D-meson flow harmonics in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 5.02$ TeV

The ALICE collaboration Acharya, Shreyasi ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Adler, Alexander ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 813 (2021) 136054, 2021.
Inspire Record 1797463 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.105256

The elliptic and triangular flow coefficients $v_2$ and $v_3$ of prompt D$^{0}$, D$^{+}$, and D$^{*+}$ mesons were measured at midrapidity ($|y|<0.8$) in Pb-Pb collisions at the centre-of-mass energy per nucleon pair of $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 5.02$ TeV with the ALICE detector at the LHC. The D mesons were reconstructed via their hadronic decays in the transverse momentum interval $1< p_{\rm T}<36$ GeV/$c$ in central (0-10%) and semi-central (30-50%) collisions. Compared to pions, protons, and J/$\psi$ mesons, the average D-meson $v_{n}$ harmonics are compatible within uncertainties with a mass hierarchy for $p_{\rm T} \lesssim 3$ GeV/$c$, and are similar to those of charged pions for higher $p_{\rm T}$. The coupling of the charm quark to the light quarks in the underlying medium is further investigated with the application of the event-shape engineering (ESE) technique to the D-meson $v_2$ and $p_{\rm T}$-differential yields. The D-meson $v_2$ is correlated with average bulk elliptic flow in both central and semi-central collisions. Within the current precision, the ratios of per-event D-meson yields in the ESE-selected and unbiased samples are found to be compatible with unity. All the measurements are found to be reasonably well described by theoretical calculations including the effects of charm-quark transport and the recombination of charm quarks with light quarks in a hydrodynamically expanding medium.

16 data tables

Average $v_2${SP} vs. $p_\mathrm{T}$ of prompt D$^0$, D$^+$, and D$^{*+}$ mesons in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}=5.02$ TeV in the centrality class 0-10% in the rapidity interval $|y|<0.8$. The first (sys,data) error is the systematic uncertainty from all the other sources except for the B feed-down. The second (sys,FD) error is the systematic uncertainty from the B feed-down contribution.

Average $v_2${SP} vs. $p_\mathrm{T}$ of prompt D$^0$, D$^+$, and D$^{*+}$ mesons in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}=5.02$ TeV in the centrality class 30-50% in the rapidity interval $|y|<0.8$. The first (sys,data) error is the systematic uncertainty from all the other sources except for the B feed-down. The second (sys,FD) error is the systematic uncertainty from the B feed-down contribution.

Average $v_3${SP} vs. $p_\mathrm{T}$ of prompt D$^0$, D$^+$, and D$^{*+}$ mesons in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}=5.02$ TeV in the centrality class 0-10% in the rapidity interval $|y|<0.8$. The first (sys,data) error is the systematic uncertainty from all the other sources except for the B feed-down. The second (sys,FD) error is the systematic uncertainty from the B feed-down contribution.

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