Measurement of jet-medium interactions via direct photon-hadron correlations in Au$+$Au and $d$ $+$Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=200$ GeV

The PHENIX collaboration Acharya, U. ; Adare, A. ; Afanasiev, S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 102 (2020) 054910, 2020.
Inspire Record 1798493 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.101752

We present direct photon-hadron correlations in 200 GeV/A Au+Au, d+Au, and p+p collisions, for direct photon pT from 5–12 GeV/c, collected by the PHENIX Collaboration in the years from 2006 to 2011. We observe no significant modification of jet fragmentation in d+Au collisions, indicating that cold nuclear matter effects are small or absent. Hadrons carrying a large fraction of the quark's momentum are suppressed in Au+Au compared to p+p and d+Au. As the momentum fraction decreases, the yield of hadrons in Au+Au increases to an excess over the yield in p+p collisions. The excess is at large angles and at low hadron pT and is most pronounced for hadrons associated with lower momentum direct photons. Comparison to theoretical calculations suggests that the hadron excess arises from medium response to energy deposited by jets.

14 data tables

Per-trigger yield of hadrons associated to direct photons in Au+Au collisions for direct photon $p_T$ 5-9 GeV/$c$, compared with p+p baseline, in various $\xi$ bins.

Per-trigger yield of hadrons associated to direct photons in d+Au collisions for direct photon $p_T$ 7-9 GeV/$c$, compared with p+p baseline, in various $\xi$ bins.

Integrated away-side $\gamma_{dir}$-h per-trigger yields of Au+Au, d+Au, and p+p, as a function of $\xi$.

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Measurement of charged pion double spin asymmetries at midrapidity in longitudinally polarized $p+p$ collisions at $\sqrt {s}$ = 510 GeV

The PHENIX collaboration Acharya, U.A. ; Adare, A. ; Aidala, C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 102 (2020) 032001, 2020.
Inspire Record 1789851 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.95883

The PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider has measured the longitudinal double spin asymmetries, $A_{LL}$, for charged pions at midrapidity ($|\eta|<0.35$) in longitudinally polarized $p+p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=510$ GeV. These measurements are sensitive to the gluon spin contribution to the total spin of the proton in the parton momentum fraction $x$ range between 0.04 and 0.09. One can infer the sign of the gluon polarization from the ordering of pion asymmetries with charge alone. The asymmetries are found to be consistent with global quantum-chromodynamics fits of deep-inelastic scattering and data at $\sqrt{s}=200$ GeV, which show a nonzero positive contribution of gluon spin to the proton spin.

1 data table

Double-spin asymmetries $A_{LL}$ as a function of transverse momentum for positive and negative pions.


Measurement of $J/\psi$ at forward and backward rapidity in $p+p$, $p+A$l, $p+A$u, and $^3$He$+$Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=200~{\rm GeV}$

The PHENIX collaboration Acharya, U. ; Adare, A. ; Aidala, C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 102 (2020) 014902, 2020.
Inspire Record 1762446 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98626

Charmonium is a valuable probe in heavy-ion collisions to study the properties of the quark gluon plasma, and is also an interesting probe in small collision systems to study cold nuclear matter effects, which are also present in large collision systems. With the recent observations of collective behavior of produced particles in small system collisions, measurements of the modification of charmonium in small systems have become increasingly relevant. We present the results of J/ψ measurements at forward and backward rapidity in various small collision systems, p+p, p+Al, p+Au and 3He+Au, at √sNN =200 GeV. The results are presented in the form of the observable RAB, the nuclear modification factor, a measure of the ratio of the J/ψ invariant yield compared to the scaled yield in p+p collisions. We examine the rapidity, transverse momentum, and collision centrality dependence of nuclear effects on J/ψ production with different projectile sizes p and 3He, and different target sizes Al and Au. The modification is found to be strongly dependent on the target size, but to be very similar for p+Au and 3He+Au. However, for 0%–20% central collisions at backward rapidity, the modification for 3He+Au is found to be smaller than that for p+Au, with a mean fit to the ratio of 0.89±0.03(stat)±0.08(syst), possibly indicating final state effects due to the larger projectile size.

36 data tables

J/psi invariant yields in p+p collisions as a function of pT at forward and backward rapidity. The statistical and systematic uncertainties vary point-to-point and are listed for each measured value. An additional global systematic uncertainty is provided in each column heading, which applies to all data points per column.

J/psi nuclear modification in p+Al, p+Au and 3He+Au collisions as a function of centrality and rapidity. The statistical and systematic uncertainties vary point-to-point and are listed for each measured value. An additional global systematic uncertainty is provided in each column heading, which applies to all data points per column.

J/psi nuclear modification in p+Al collisions as a function of centrality and rapidity. The statistical and systematic uncertainties vary point-to-point and are listed for each measured value. An additional global systematic uncertainty is provided in each column heading, which applies to all data points per column.

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Search for a singly produced third-generation scalar leptoquark decaying to a $\tau$ lepton and a bottom quark in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, A.M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 07 (2018) 115, 2018.
Inspire Record 1677275 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.84396

A search is presented for a singly produced third-generation scalar leptoquark decaying to a $\tau$ lepton and a bottom quark. Associated production of a leptoquark and a $\tau$ lepton is considered, leading to a final state with a bottom quark and two $\tau$ leptons. The search uses proton-proton collision data at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV recorded with the CMS detector, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. Upper limits are set at 95% confidence level on the production cross section of the third-generation scalar leptoquarks as a function of their mass. From a comparison of the results with the theoretical predictions, a third-generation scalar leptoquark decaying to a $\tau$ lepton and a bottom quark, assuming unit Yukawa coupling ($\lambda$), is excluded for masses below 740 GeV. Limits are also set on $\lambda$ of the hypothesized leptoquark as a function of its mass. Above $\lambda =$ 1.4, this result provides the best upper limit on the mass of a third-generation scalar leptoquark decaying to a $\tau$ lepton and a bottom quark.

8 data tables

The product of acceptance, efficiency, and branching fraction as a function of leptoquark (LQ) mass for the single production of LQs in each of the three channels considered: tau-tau (black solid line), mu-tau (red dashed line), and e-tau (blue dotted line). The efficiency is calculated with respect to all event selections mentioned in the paper. The uncertainty refers to statistical uncertainty only.

Observed ST distribution in the e-tau signal region, compared to the expected SM background contributions. The distribution labeled electroweak contains the contributions from W+jets, Z+jets, and diboson processes. The signal distributions for single-leptoquark (LQ) production with mass 700 GeV are overlaid to illustrate the sensitivity. For the signal normalization, lambda = 1 and beta = 1 are assumed. The background uncertainty bands represent the sum in quadrature of statistical and systematic uncertainties obtained from the fit. The lower panels show the ratio between the observed and expected events in each bin. In all plots, the horizontal and vertical error bars on the data points represent the bin widths and the Poisson uncertainties, respectively.

Observed ST distribution in the mu-tau signal region, compared to the expected SM background contributions. The distribution labeled electroweak contains the contributions from W+jets, Z+jets, and diboson processes. The signal distributions for single-leptoquark (LQ) production with mass 700 GeV are overlaid to illustrate the sensitivity. For the signal normalization, lambda = 1 and beta = 1 are assumed. The background uncertainty bands represent the sum in quadrature of statistical and systematic uncertainties obtained from the fit. The lower panels show the ratio between the observed and expected events in each bin. In all plots, the horizontal and vertical error bars on the data points represent the bin widths and the Poisson uncertainties, respectively.

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Light isovector resonances in $\pi^- p \to \pi^-\pi^-\pi^+ p$ at 190 GeV/${\it c}$

The COMPASS collaboration Aghasyan, M. ; Alexeev, M.G. ; Alexeev, G.D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 98 (2018) 092003, 2018.
Inspire Record 1655631 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.82958

We have performed the most comprehensive resonance-model fit of $\pi^-\pi^-\pi^+$ states using the results of our previously published partial-wave analysis (PWA) of a large data set of diffractive-dissociation events from the reaction $\pi^- + p \to \pi^-\pi^-\pi^+ + p_\text{recoil}$ with a 190 GeV/$c$ pion beam. The PWA results, which were obtained in 100 bins of three-pion mass, $0.5 &lt; m_{3\pi} &lt; 2.5$ GeV/$c^2$, and simultaneously in 11 bins of the reduced four-momentum transfer squared, $0.1 &lt; t' &lt; 1.0$ $($GeV$/c)^2$, are subjected to a resonance-model fit using Breit-Wigner amplitudes to simultaneously describe a subset of 14 selected waves using 11 isovector light-meson states with $J^{PC} = 0^{-+}$, $1^{++}$, $2^{++}$, $2^{-+}$, $4^{++}$, and spin-exotic $1^{-+}$ quantum numbers. The model contains the well-known resonances $\pi(1800)$, $a_1(1260)$, $a_2(1320)$, $\pi_2(1670)$, $\pi_2(1880)$, and $a_4(2040)$. In addition, it includes the disputed $\pi_1(1600)$, the excited states $a_1(1640)$, $a_2(1700)$, and $\pi_2(2005)$, as well as the resonancelike $a_1(1420)$. We measure the resonance parameters mass and width of these objects by combining the information from the PWA results obtained in the 11 $t'$ bins. We extract the relative branching fractions of the $\rho(770) \pi$ and $f_2(1270) \pi$ decays of $a_2(1320)$ and $a_4(2040)$, where the former one is measured for the first time. In a novel approach, we extract the $t'$ dependence of the intensity of the resonances and of their phases. The $t'$ dependence of the intensities of most resonances differs distinctly from the $t'$ dependence of the nonresonant components. For the first time, we determine the $t'$ dependence of the phases of the production amplitudes and confirm that the production mechanism of the Pomeron exchange is common to all resonances.

2 data tables

Real and imaginary parts of the normalized transition amplitudes $\mathcal{T}_a$ of the 14 selected partial waves in the 1100 $(m_{3\pi}, t')$ cells (see Eq. (12) in the paper). The wave index $a$ represents the quantum numbers that uniquely define the partial wave. The quantum numbers are given by the shorthand notation $J^{PC} M^\varepsilon [$isobar$] \pi L$. We use this notation to label the transition amplitudes in the column headers. The $m_{3\pi}$ values that are given in the first column correspond to the bin centers. Each of the 100 $m_{3\pi}$ bins is 20 MeV/$c^2$ wide. Since the 11 $t'$ bins are non-equidistant, the lower and upper bounds of each $t'$ bin are given in the column headers. The transition amplitudes define the spin-density matrix elements $\varrho_{ab}$ for waves $a$ and $b$ according to Eq. (18). The spin-density matrix enters the resonance-model fit via Eqs. (33) and (34). The transition amplitudes are normalized via Eqs. (9), (16), and (17) such that the partial-wave intensities $\varrho_{aa} = |\mathcal{T}_a|^2$ are given in units of acceptance-corrected number of events. The relative phase $\Delta\phi_{ab}$ between two waves $a$ and $b$ is given by $\arg(\varrho_{ab}) = \arg(\mathcal{T}_a) - \arg(\mathcal{T}_b)$. Note that only relative phases are well-defined. The phase of the $1^{++}0^+ \rho(770) \pi S$ wave was set to $0^\circ$ so that the corresponding transition amplitudes are real-valued. In the PWA model, some waves are excluded in the region of low $m_{3\pi}$ (see paper and [Phys. Rev. D 95, 032004 (2017)] for a detailed description of the PWA model). For these waves, the transition amplitudes are set to zero. The tables with the covariance matrices of the transition amplitudes for all 1100 $(m_{3\pi}, t')$ cells can be downloaded via the 'Additional Resources' for this table.

Decay phase-space volume $I_{aa}$ for the 14 selected partial waves as a function of $m_{3\pi}$, normalized such that $I_{aa}(m_{3\pi} = 2.5~\text{GeV}/c^2) = 1$. The wave index $a$ represents the quantum numbers that uniquely define the partial wave. The quantum numbers are given by the shorthand notation $J^{PC} M^\varepsilon [$isobar$] \pi L$. We use this notation to label the decay phase-space volume in the column headers. The labels are identical to the ones used in the column headers of the table of the transition amplitudes. $I_{aa}$ is calculated using Monte Carlo integration techniques for fixed $m_{3\pi}$ values, which are given in the first column, in the range from 0.5 to 2.5 GeV/$c^2$ in steps of 10 MeV/$c^2$. The statistical uncertainties given for $I_{aa}$ are due to the finite number of Monte Carlo events. $I_{aa}(m_{3\pi})$ is defined in Eq. (6) in the paper and appears in the resonance model in Eqs. (19) and (20).


Search for decays of stopped exotic long-lived particles produced in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, A.M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 05 (2018) 127, 2018.
Inspire Record 1645630 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83010

A search is presented for the decays of heavy exotic long-lived particles (LLPs) that are produced in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV at the CERN LHC and come to rest in the CMS detector. Their decays would be visible during periods of time well separated from proton-proton collisions. Two decay scenarios of stopped LLPs are explored: a hadronic decay detected in the calorimeter and a decay into muons detected in the muon system. The calorimeter (muon) search covers a period of sensitivity totaling 721 (744) hours in 38.6 (39.0) fb$^{-1}$ of data collected by the CMS detector in 2015 and 2016. The results are interpreted in several scenarios that predict LLPs. Production cross section limits are set as a function of the mean proper lifetime and the mass of the LLPs, for lifetimes between 100 ns and 10 days. These are the most stringent limits to date on the mass of hadronically decaying stopped LLPs, and this is the first search at the LHC for stopped LLPs that decay to muons.

33 data tables

The $\Delta t_{\text{DT}}$ distribution for 2016 data, MC simulated cosmic ray muon, 1000 GeV gluino signal, and 600 GeV MCHAMP signal events, for the muon search. The events plotted pass a subset of the full analysis selection that is designed to select good-quality DSA muon tracks but does not reject the cosmic ray muon background. The number of cosmic ray muon background events is greatly reduced when the full selection is applied, as we require $\Delta t_{\text{DT}}>-20$ ns and $\Delta t_{\text{RPC}}>-7.5$ ns. The histograms are normalized to unit area.

The $\Delta t_{\text{RPC}}$ distribution for 2016 data, MC simulated cosmic ray muon, 1000 GeV gluino signal, and 600 GeV MCHAMP signal events, for the muon search. The events plotted pass a subset of the full analysis selection that is designed to select good-quality DSA muon tracks but does not reject the cosmic ray muon background. The number of cosmic ray muon background events is greatly reduced when the full selection is applied, as we require $\Delta t_{\text{DT}}>-20$ ns and $\Delta t_{\text{RPC}}>-7.5$ ns. The histograms are normalized to unit area.

The $\varepsilon_{\text{reco}}$ values as a function of $E_{g}$, for $\tilde{g}$ R-hadrons that stop in the EB or HB, in the MC simulation, for the calorimeter search. The $\varepsilon_{\text{reco}}$ values are plotted for the two-body gluino decay, when $m_{\tilde{g}}$ is 600 GeV.

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Measurement of the underlying event activity in inclusive Z boson production in proton-proton collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=13 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, A.M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 07 (2018) 032, 2018.
Inspire Record 1635889 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.80167

This paper presents a measurement of the underlying event activity in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, performed using inclusive Z boson production events collected with the CMS experiment at the LHC. The analyzed data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 2.1 fb$^{-1}$. The underlying event activity is quantified in terms of the charged particle multiplicity, as well as of the scalar sum of the charged particles' transverse momenta in different topological regions defined with respect to the Z boson direction. The distributions are unfolded to the stable particle level and compared with predictions from various Monte Carlo event generators, as well as with similar CDF and CMS measurements at center-of-mass energies of 1.96 and 7 TeV respectively.

6 data tables

Unfolded distributions of particle density in Z events, as a function of $p_{T}^{\mu\mu}$ in the towards ($\Delta\phi< 60^{\circ}$) region. Error bars represent the statistical and systematic uncertainties added in quadrature.

Unfolded distributions of particle density in Z events, as a function of $p_{T}^{\mu\mu}$ in the transverse ($60^{\circ} <\Delta\phi< 120^{\circ}$) region. Error bars represent the statistical and systematic uncertainties added in quadrature.

Unfolded distributions of particle density in Z events, as a function of $p_{T}^{\mu\mu}$ in the away ($\Delta\phi> 120^{\circ}$) region. Error bars represent the statistical and systematic uncertainties added in quadrature.

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Measurement of the inclusive $ \mathrm{t}\overline{\mathrm{t}} $ cross section in pp collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=5.02 $ TeV using final states with at least one charged lepton

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, A.M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 03 (2018) 115, 2018.
Inspire Record 1635271 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.81690

The top quark pair production cross section ($\sigma_{\mathrm{t}\overline{\mathrm{t}}}$) is measured for the first time in pp collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV. The data were collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 27.4 pb$^{-1}$. The measurement is performed by analyzing events with at least one charged lepton. The measured cross section is $ \sigma_{\mathrm{t}\overline{\mathrm{t}}} = 69.5 \pm 6.1$ (stat) $\pm 5.6$ (syst) $\pm 1.6$ (lumi) pb, with a total relative uncertainty of 12%. The result is in agreement with the expectation from the standard model. The impact of the presented measurement on the determination of the gluon distribution function is investigated.

15 data tables

The measured fiducial cross sections in the $\ell$+jets and dilepton ($\rm{e}^\pm \mu^\mp$ or $\mu^\pm \mu^\mp$) decay channels. The first uncertainty is the statistical, the second is the systematic, and the last due to the integrated luminosity.

The measured total cross sections based on the $\ell$+jets (left), $\rm{e}^\pm \mu^\mp$ (middle) and $\mu^\pm \mu^\mp$ (right) decay channels. The first uncertainty is the statistical, the second is the systematic, and the last due to the integrated luminosity.

The measured total cross section in the combined $\ell$+jets and dilepton ($\rm{e}^\pm \mu^\mp$ or $\mu^\pm \mu^\mp$) decay channels. The weights of the individual measurements are 81.8% for $\ell$+jets, 13.5% for $\rm{e}^\pm \mu^\mp$, and 4.7% for $\mu^\pm \mu^\mp$ channels. The first uncertainty is the statistical, the second is the systematic, and the last due to the integrated luminosity.

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Measurement of associated Z + charm production in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} = $ 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, A.M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 78 (2018) 287, 2018.
Inspire Record 1634835 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85868

A study of the associated production of a Z boson and a charm quark jet (Z + c), and a comparison to production with a b quark jet (Z + b), in pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV are presented. The analysis uses a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 fb$^{-1}$, collected with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC. The Z boson candidates are identified through their decays into pairs of electrons or muons. Jets originating from heavy flavour quarks are identified using semileptonic decays of c or b flavoured hadrons and hadronic decays of charm hadrons. The measurements are performed in the kinematic region with two leptons with $p_{\rm T}^{\ell} > $ 20 GeV, ${|\eta^{\ell}|} < $ 2.1, 71 $ < m_{\ell\ell} < $ 111 GeV, and heavy flavour jets with $p_{\rm T}^{{\rm jet}} > $ 25 GeV and ${|\eta^{{\rm jet}}|} < $ 2.5. The Z + c production cross section is measured to be $\sigma({\mathrm{p}}{\mathrm{p}} \rightarrow \mathrm{Z} + \mathrm{c} + \mathrm{X}) {\cal B}(\mathrm{Z} \rightarrow \ell^+\ell^-) = $ 8.8 $ \pm $ 0.5 (stat) $ \pm $ 0.6 (syst) pb. The ratio of the Z + c and Z + b production cross sections is measured to be $\sigma({\mathrm{p}}{\mathrm{p}} \rightarrow \mathrm{Z} + \mathrm{c} + \mathrm{X}) / \sigma({\mathrm{p}}{\mathrm{p}} \rightarrow \mathrm{Z} + \mathrm{b} + \mathrm{X}) = $ 2.0 $ \pm $ 0.2 (stat) $ \pm $ 0.2 (syst). The Z + c production cross section and the cross section ratio are also measured as a function of the transverse momentum of the Z boson and of the heavy flavour jet. The measurements are compared with theoretical predictions.

28 data tables

Signal yields N(Z+c) and N(Z+b), efficiency*acceptance correction factors C(Z+c) and C(Z+b), cross section sigma(Z+c)B and cross section ratios sigma(Z+c)/sigma(Z+b) in the three categories (semileptonic, D+-, D*) and in the two Z boson decay channels (e+e-, mu+mu-). The factors that correct the acceptance and selection inefficiencies are also given. They include the relevant branching fraction for the corresponding channel. All uncertainties quoted in the table are statistical, except for those of the measured cross sections and cross section ratios where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is the estimated systematic uncertainty

Z+c and Z+b signal yields, differential cross section dsigma(Z+c)/dpTZ times branching ratio and differential cross sections ratio dsigma(Z+c)/dpTZ / dsigma(Z+b)/dpTZ for three ranges of the transverse momentum of the Z boson in the semileptonic mode

Z+c and Z+b signal yields, differential cross section dsigma(Z+c)/dpTZ times branching ratio and differential cross sections ratio dsigma(Z+c)/dpTZ / dsigma(Z+b)/dpTZ for three ranges of the transverse momentum of the jet in the semileptonic mode

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Search for new physics in events with a leptonically decaying Z boson and a large transverse momentum imbalance in proton–proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} $ = 13 $\,\text {TeV}$

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, A.M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 78 (2018) 291, 2018.
Inspire Record 1633763 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.82304

A search for new physics in events with a Z boson produced in association with large missing transverse momentum at the LHC is presented. The search is based on the 2016 data sample of proton-proton collisions recorded with the CMS experiment at $\sqrt{s} = $ 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. The results of this search are interpreted in terms of a simplified model of dark matter production via spin-0 or spin-1 mediators, a scenario with a standard-model-like Higgs boson produced in association with the Z boson and decaying invisibly, a model of unparticle production, and a model with large extra spatial dimensions. No significant deviations from the background expectations are found, and limits are set on relevant model parameters, significantly extending the results previously achieved in this channel.

9 data tables

Expected event yields in each $p_{\mathrm{T}}^{\mathrm{miss}}$ bin for the sum of background processes in the signal region (SR). The background yields and their corresponding uncertainties are obtained after performing a fit to data. Two sets of background yields are reported: one from a background-only fit to data in both the SR and the control regions (CRs), and one from a fit to data in all CRs, but excluding data in the SR. The observed numbers of events in each bin are also included. The last bin includes overflow.

Limit on the signal strength of the DM signal in a simplified model with a vector mediator.

Limit on the signal strength of the DM signal in a simplified model with an axial-vector mediator.

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