Date

Measurement of the B$^0_\mathrm{s}$$\to$ J/$\psi$K$^0_\mathrm{S}$ effective lifetime from proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Hayrapetyan, Aram ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
CMS-BPH-22-001, 2024.
Inspire Record 2808929 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.149761

The effective lifetime of the B$^0_\mathrm{s}$ meson in the decay B$^0_\mathrm{s}$$\to$ J/$\psi$K$^0_\mathrm{S}$ is measured using data collected during 2016-2018 with the CMS detector in $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV proton-proton collisions at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 140 fb$^{-1}$. The effective lifetime is determined by performing a two-dimensional unbinned maximum likelihood fit to the B$^0_\mathrm{s}$ meson invariant mass and proper decay time distributions. The resulting value of 1.59 $\pm$ 0.07 (stat) $\pm$ 0.03 (syst) ps is the most precise measurement to date and is in good agreement with the expected value.

1 data table

The measured effective lifetime for the $\mathrm{B}^{0}_{\mathrm{s}} \to \mathrm{J}/{\psi}\,\mathrm{K}^{0}_{\mathrm{S}}$ decay


Measurement of the $\mathrm{t\bar{t}}$H and tH production rates in the H $\to$$\mathrm{b\bar{b}}$ decay channel using proton-proton collision data at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Hayrapetyan, Aram ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
CMS-HIG-19-011, 2024.
Inspire Record 2808025 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.152799

An analysis of the production of a Higgs boson (H) in association with a top quark-antiquark pair ($\mathrm{t\bar{t}}$H) or a single top quark (tH) is presented. The Higgs boson decay into a bottom quark-antiquark pair (H $\to$$\mathrm{b\bar{b}}$) is targeted, and three different final states of the top quark decays are considered, defined by the number of leptons (electrons or muons) in the event. The analysis utilises proton-proton collision data collected at the CERN LHC with the CMS experiment at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV in 2016-2018, which correspond to an integrated luminosity of 138 fb$^{-1}$. The observed $\mathrm{t\bar{t}}$H production rate relative to the standard model expectation is 0.33 $\pm$ 0.26 = 0.33 $\pm$ 0.17 (stat) $\pm$ 0.21 (syst). Additionally, the $\mathrm{t\bar{t}}$H production rate is determined in intervals of Higgs boson transverse momentum. An upper limit at 95% confidence level is set on the tH production rate of 14.6 times the standard model prediction, with an expectation of 19.3$^{+9.2}_{-6.0}$. Finally, constraints are derived on the strength and structure of the coupling between the Higgs boson and the top quark from simultaneous extraction of the $\mathrm{t\bar{t}}$H and tH production rates, and the results are combined with those obtained in other Higgs boson decay channels.

14 data tables

Best fit results of the ttH signal-strength modifier in each channel, in each year, and in the combination of all channels and years. Uncertainties are correlated between the channels and years.

Likelihood-ratio test statistic as a function of the ttH strength modifiers $\mu_{ttH}$ and the $ttB$ background normalisation. The observed best fit point is $(\mu_{ttH}, ttB) = (0.33, 1.19)$.

Best fit results of the ttH signal-strength modifiers in the different Higgs pT bins of the STXS measurement.

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An Upper Limit on the Photoproduction Cross Section of the Spin-Exotic $\pi_1(1600)$

Afzal, F. ; Akondi, C.S. ; Albrecht, M. ; et al.
2024.
Inspire Record 2804215 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.153410

The spin-exotic hybrid meson $\pi_{1}(1600)$ is predicted to have a large decay rate to the $\omega\pi\pi$ final state. Using 76.6~pb$^{-1}$ of data collected with the GlueX detector, we measure the cross sections for the reactions $\gamma p \to \omega \pi^+ \pi^- p$, $\gamma p \to \omega \pi^0 \pi^0 p$, and $\gamma p\to\omega\pi^-\pi^0\Delta^{++}$ in the range $E_\gamma =$ 8-10 GeV. Using isospin conservation, we set the first upper limits on the photoproduction cross sections of the $\pi^{0}_{1}(1600)$ and $\pi^{-}_{1}(1600)$. We combine these limits with lattice calculations of decay widths and find that photoproduction of $\eta'\pi$ is the most sensitive two-body system to search for the $\pi_1(1600)$.

3 data tables

Measured $\sigma(\gamma p\to\omega\pi^+\pi^-p)$ values for $8<E_\gamma<10$ GeV and $0.1<-t<0.5$ (GeV$^2$). There are normalization uncertainties that are 100% correlated between the three cross section measurements. These include 5% for the luminosity, 13.5% for the tracking efficiency, and 8.1% for the photon efficiency.

Measured $\sigma(\gamma p\to\omega\pi^0\pi^0p)$ values for $8<E_\gamma<10$ GeV and $0.1<-t<0.5$ (GeV$^2$). There are normalization uncertainties that are 100% correlated between the three cross section measurements. These include 5% for the luminosity, 9.1% for the tracking efficiency, and 24.3% for the photon efficiency.

Measured $\sigma(\gamma p\to\omega\pi^-\pi^0\Delta^{++})$ values for $8<E_\gamma<10$ GeV and $0.1<-t<0.5$ (GeV$^2$). There are normalization uncertainties that are 100% correlated between the three cross section measurements. These include 5% for the luminosity, 16% for the tracking efficiency, and 16.3% for the photon efficiency.


Measurement of the polarizations of prompt and non-prompt J/$\psi$ and $\psi$(2S) mesons produced in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Hayrapetyan, Aram ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
CMS-BPH-22-009, 2024.
Inspire Record 2800640 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.150034

The polarizations of prompt and non-prompt J$/\psi$ and $\psi$(2S) mesons are measured in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV, using data samples collected by the CMS experiment in 2017 and 2018, corresponding to a total integrated luminosity of 103.3 fb$^{-1}$. Based on the analysis of the dimuon decay angular distributions in the helicity frame, the polar anisotropy, $\lambda_\theta$, is measured as a function of the transverse momentum, $p_\mathrm{T}$, of the charmonium states, in the 25-120 and 20-100 GeV ranges for the J$/\psi$ and $\psi$(2S), respectively. The non-prompt polarizations agree with predictions based on the hypothesis that, for $p_\mathrm{T}$$\gtrsim$ 25 GeV, the non-prompt J$/\psi$ and $\psi$(2S) are predominantly produced in two-body B meson decays. The prompt results clearly exclude strong transverse polarizations, even for $p_\mathrm{T}$ exceeding 30 times the J$/\psi$ mass, where $\lambda_\theta$ tends to an asymptotic value around 0.3. Taken together with previous measurements, by CMS and LHCb at $\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV, the prompt polarizations show a significant variation with $p_\mathrm{T}$, at low $p_\mathrm{T}$.

4 data tables

prompt $\mathrm{J}\mspace{-2mu}/\mspace{-2mu}\psi$ $\lambda_\theta$

non prompt $\mathrm{J}\mspace{-2mu}/\mspace{-2mu}\psi$ $\lambda_\theta$

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Search for a resonance decaying to a W boson and a photon in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV using leptonic W boson decays

The CMS collaboration Hayrapetyan, Aram ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
CMS-EXO-21-017, 2024.
Inspire Record 2796567 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.152436

A search for a new charged particle X with mass between 0.3 and 2.0 TeV decaying to a W boson and a photon is presented, using proton-proton collision data at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, collected by the CMS experiment and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 138 fb$^{-1}$. Particle X has electric charge $\pm$1 and is assumed to have spin 0. The search is performed using the electron and muon decays of the W boson. No significant excess above the predicted background is observed. The upper limit at 95% confidence level on the product of the production cross section of the X and its branching fraction to a W boson and a photon is found to be 94 (137) fb for a 0.3 TeV resonance and 0.75 (0.81) fb for a 2.0 TeV resonance, for an X width-to-mass ratio of 0.01% (5%). This search presents the most stringent constraints to date on the existence of such resonances across the probed mass range. A statistical combination with an earlier study based on the hadronic decay mode of the W boson is also performed, and the upper limit at 95% confidence level for a 2.0 TeV resonance is reduced to 0.50 (0.63) fb for an X width-to-mass ratio of 0.01% (5%).

14 data tables

The red, blue, and orange curves are the product of detector acceptance and analysis selections efficiency for different particle mass assumptions---300, 1000, and 2000 GeV, respectively---to pass sequential requirements, for the electron channel.

The red, blue, and orange curves are the product of detector acceptance and analysis selections efficiency for different particle mass assumptions---300, 1000, and 2000 GeV, respectively---to pass sequential requirements, for the muon channel.

The product of detector acceptance and analysis selection efficiency in the electron channel as functions of the particle X mass. Three analysis requirements are applied consecutively: event reconstruction, HLT, and final signal selection. The product of detector acceptance and analysis selection efficiencies are shown at each stage in red, blue, and orange, respectively.

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Search for a standard model-like Higgs boson in the mass range between 70 and 110 GeV in the diphoton final state in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Hayrapetyan, Aram ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
CMS-HIG-20-002, 2024.
Inspire Record 2791038 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.150508

The results of a search for a standard model-like Higgs boson decaying into two photons in the mass range between 70 and 110 GeV are presented. The analysis uses the data set collected by the CMS experiment in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV corresponding to integrated luminosities of 36.3 fb$^{-1}$, 41.5 fb$^{-1}$ and 54.4 fb$^{-1}$ during the 2016, 2017, and 2018 LHC running periods, respectively. No significant excess over the background expectation is observed and 95% confidence level upper limits are set on the product of the cross section and branching fraction for decays of an additional Higgs boson into two photons. The maximum deviation with respect to the background is seen for a mass hypothesis of 95.4 GeV with a local (global) significance of 2.9 (1.3) standard deviations. The observed upper limit ranges from 15 to 73 fb.

6 data tables

Expected and observed exclusion limits at 95% CL in the asymptotic approximation, on the product of the production cross section and branching fraction into two photons for an additional SM-like Higgs boson,from the analysis of the combined data from 2016, 2017, and 2018. The limit is shown relative to the expected SM-like value

Expected and observed exclusion limits at 95% CL in the asymptotic approximation, on the product of the production cross section and branching fraction into two photons for an additional SM-like Higgs boson,from the analysis of the combined data from 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Expected and observed exclusion limits at 95% CL in the asymptotic approximation, on the product of the production cross section and branching fraction into two photons for an additional SM-like Higgs boson, for the ggH plus ttH processes, from the analysis of the combined data from 2016, 2017, and 2018.

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Study of WH production through vector boson scattering and extraction of the relative sign of the W and Z couplings to the Higgs boson in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Hayrapetyan, Aram ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
CMS-HIG-23-007, 2024.
Inspire Record 2790366 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.151278

A search for the production of a W boson and a Higgs boson through vector boson scattering (VBS) is presented, using CMS data from proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV collected from 2016 to 2018. The integrated luminosity of the data sample is 138 fb$^{-1}$. Selected events must be consistent with the presence of two jets originating from VBS, the leptonic decay of the W boson to an electron or muon, and a Higgs boson decaying into a pair of b quarks, reconstructed as either a single merged jet or two resolved jets. A measurement of the process as predicted by the standard model (SM) is performed alongside a study of beyond-the-SM (BSM) scenarios. The SM analysis sets an observed (expected) 95% confidence level upper limit of 14.3 (9.0) on the ratio of the measured VBS WH cross section to that expected by the SM. The BSM analysis, conducted within the so-called $\kappa$ framework, excludes all scenarios with $\lambda_\mathrm{WZ}$ $\lt$ 0 that are consistent with current measurements, where $\lambda_\mathrm{WZ}$ = $\kappa_\mathrm{W}/\kappa_\mathrm{Z}$ and $\kappa_\mathrm{W}$ and $\kappa_\mathrm{Z}$ are the HWW and HZZ coupling modifiers, respectively. The signficance of the exclusion is beyond 5 standard deviations, and it is consistent with the SM expectation of $\lambda_\mathrm{WZ}$ = 1.

14 data tables

The exclusion significance in the BSM analysis with $\kappa_W = -1$, $\kappa_Z = +1$ plotted as a function of the signal strength

The exclusion significance of signal strength = 1 in the BSM analysis plotted as a function of $\kappa_W$ and $\kappa_Z$.

Histogram of the background predicted from simulation in regions B, C, D, background estimated from data in region A, and data in regions A, B, C, and D. "Estimated Bkg." is the background estimated from data via ABCD in the signal region, so there is no yield in regions B, C, or D for that column. "SM Bkg." is the background estimated from MC, so it is not plotted in region A to avoid confusion about where the background estimate comes from.

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Searches for violation of Lorentz invariance in $\mathrm{t\bar{t}}$ production using dilepton events in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Hayrapetyan, Aram ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
CMS-TOP-22-007, 2024.
Inspire Record 2789708 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.138418

A search for violation of Lorentz invariance in the production of top quark pairs ($\mathrm{t\bar{t}}$) is presented. The measured normalized differential $\mathrm{t\bar{t}}$ production cross section, as function of the sidereal time, is examined for potential modulations induced by Lorentz-invariance breaking operators in an effective field theory extension of the standard model (SM). The cross section is measured from collision events collected by the CMS detector at a center-of-mass-energy of 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 77.8 fb$^{-1}$, and containing one electron and one muon. The results are found to be compatible with zero, in agreement with the SM, and are used to bound the Lorentz-violating couplings to be in ranges of 1 - 8 $\times$ 10$^{-3}$ at 68% confidence level. This is the first precision test of the isotropy in special relativity with top quarks at the LHC, restricting further the bounds on such couplings by up two orders of magnitude with respect to previous searches conducted at the Tevatron.

5 data tables

The normalized differential cross section for $t\bar{t}$ as a function of sidereal time, using combined 2016--2017 data. The error bars show statistical, as well as statistical and systematic uncertainties, including correlations across bins.

Comparison of systematic and statistical uncertainties, where the former are grouped according to the treatment of time dependence: uniform (flat luminosity component, background normalization, theory), correlated (trigger, luminosity stability and linearity, pileup, and MC statistical uncertainty), or uncorrelated (other experimental uncertainties) across sidereal time bins.

Expected and observed 68\% confidence level interval measured for the SME fits of single coefficients while the others are fixed to their SM value, and while coefficients for the three other directions are floating.

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Search for $CP$ violation in D$^0$$\to$ K$^0_\mathrm{S}$K$^0_\mathrm{S}$ decays in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Hayrapetyan, Aram ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
CMS-BPH-23-005, 2024.
Inspire Record 2788405 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.147012

A search is reported for charge-parity D$^0$$\to$ K$^0_\mathrm{S}$K$^0_\mathrm{S}$$CP$ violation in D$^0$$\to$ K$^0_\mathrm{S}$K$^0_\mathrm{S}$ decays, using data collected in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV recorded by the CMS experiment in 2018. The analysis uses a dedicated data set that corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 41.6 fb$^{-1}$, which consists of about 10 billion events containing a pair of ẖadrons, nearly all of which decay to charm hadrons. The flavor of the neutral D meson is determined by the pion charge in the reconstructed decays D$^{*+}$$\to$ D$^0\pi^+$ and D$^{*-}$$\to$ D$^0\pi^-$. The D$^0$$\to$ K$^0_\mathrm{S}$K$^0_\mathrm{S}$$CP$ asymmetry in D$^0$$\to$ K$^0_\mathrm{S}$K$^0_\mathrm{S}$ is measured to be $A_{CP}$( K$^0_\mathrm{S}$K$^0_\mathrm{S}$) = (6.2 $\pm$ 3.0 $\pm$ 0.2 $\pm$ 0.8)%, where the three uncertainties represent the statistical uncertainty, the systematic uncertainty, and the uncertainty in the measurement of the D$^0$ $\to$ K$^0_\mathrm{S}$K$^0_\mathrm{S}$ $CP$ asymmetry in the D$^0$ $\to$ K$^0_\mathrm{S}\pi^+\pi^-$ decay. This is the first D$^0$ $\to$ K$^0_\mathrm{S}$K$^0_\mathrm{S}$ $CP$ asymmetry measurement by CMS in the charm sector as well as the first to utilize a fully hadronic final state.

2 data tables

The measured $CP$ asymmetry in $D^{0} \to K^{0}_{S} K^{0}_{S}$

The measured difference in the $CP$ asymmetries between $D^{0} \to K^{0}_{S} K^{0}_{S}$ and $D^{0} \to K^{0}_{S}\pi^{+}\pi^{-}$


Search for new physics in high-mass diphoton events from proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Hayrapetyan, Aram ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
CMS-EXO-22-024, 2024.
Inspire Record 2787227 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.150677

Results are presented from a search for new physics in high-mass diphoton events from proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV. The data set was collected in 2016-2018 with the CMS detector at the LHC and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 138 fb$^{-1}$. Events with a diphoton invariant mass greater than 500\GeV are considered. Two different techniques are used to predict the standard model backgrounds: parametric fits to the smoothly-falling background and a first-principles calculation of the standard model diphoton spectrum at next-to-next-to-leading order in perturbative quantum chromodynamics calculations. The first technique is sensitive to resonant excesses while the second technique can identify broad differences in the invariant mass shape. The data are used to constrain the production of heavy Higgs bosons, Randall-Sundrum gravitons, the large extra dimensions model of Arkani-Hamed, Dimopoulos, and Dvali (ADD), and the continuum clockwork mechanism. No statistically significant excess is observed. The present results are the strongest limits to date on ADD extra dimensions and RS gravitons with a coupling parameter greater than 0.1.

16 data tables

The product of the event selection efficiency (e) and the detector acceptance (A) is shown as a function of the signal resonance mass mX for the narrow signal width hypothesis ($\Gamma_{X}/m_{X} = 1.4 x 10^{4}$ for J = 0 and $~k = 0.01$ for J = 2). The total (black), EBEB (red), and EBEE (blue) curves are shown for spin (J) hypotheses J = 0 (solid) and J = 2 (dashed).

Figure 2: Observed diphoton invariant mass spectra for the EBEB category for the full Run 2 data set are shown. Also shown are the results of a likelihood fit to the background-only hypothesis. The black, red, green and blue lines indicate the result of the fit functions f1, f2, f3, and f4, respectively. The lower panels show the difference between the data and f1 fit, divided by the statistical uncertainty in the data points. dijet f1 = 0.13116092* pow(x,5.7466302555276645-0.7807885712668643*log(x)), expow1 f2 = 7.3165496e+10*exp(-0.0016273075*x)*pow(x, -1*1.8233539*1.8233539), invpow1 f3 = 8760.6423*(pow(1+x*0.0022831415,-1.*2.7013689*2.7013689)), invpowlin1 f4 = 2124447.3*(pow(1+0.029456453*x,-3.8645171-0.00027603566*x)).

Figure 2: Observed diphoton invariant mass spectra for the EBEE category for the full Run 2 data set are shown. Also shown are the results of a likelihood fit to the background-only hypothesis. The black, red, green and blue lines indicate the result of the fit functions f1, f2, f3, and f4, respectively. The lower panels show the difference between the data and f1 fit, divided by the statistical uncertainty in the data points. dijet f1 = 1.81866e-22*pow(x,19.5547-1.7634*log(x)), expow1 f2 = 69750*exp(-0.00368224*x)*pow(x, -1.*0.975269*0.975269, invpow1 f3 = 508.838*pow(1+x*0.000294278,-1.*4.5514*4.5514), invpowlin1 f4 = 470.588*pow(1+x* 5.07338e-05,-114.601+0.00817169*x)

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