Measurement and QCD analysis of double-differential inclusive jet cross sections in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Andrejkovic, Janik Walter ; et al.
CMS-SMP-20-011, 2021.
Inspire Record 1972986 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.115022

A measurement of the inclusive jet production in proton-proton collisions at the LHC at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV is presented. The double-differential cross sections are measured as a function of the jet transverse momentum $p_\mathrm{T}$ and the absolute jet rapidity $\lvert y \rvert$. The anti-$k_\mathrm{T}$ clustering algorithm is used with distance parameter of 0.4 (0.7) in a phase space region with jet $p_\mathrm{T}$ from 97 GeV up to 3.1 TeV and $\lvert y \rvert\lt$ 2.0. Data collected with the CMS detector are used, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 36.3 fb$^{-1}$ (33.5 fb$^{-1}$). The measurement is used in a comprehensive QCD analysis at next-to-next-to-leading order, which results in significant improvement in the accuracy of the parton distributions in the proton. Simultaneously, the value of the strong coupling constant at the Z boson mass is extracted as $\alpha_\mathrm{S}$(Z) = 0.1170 $\pm$ 0.0019. For the first time, these data are used in a standard model effective field theory analysis at next-to-leading order, where parton distributions and the QCD parameters are extracted simultaneously with imposed constraints on the Wilson coefficient $c_1$ of 4-quark contact interactions.

56 data tables

The inclusive jet production cross section as a function of the jet transverse momentum~$p_\mathrm{T}$ measured in $|y| < 0.5$ for jets clustered using the anti-$k_\mathrm{t}$ algorithm with $R=0.4$.

The inclusive jet production cross section as a function of the jet transverse momentum~$p_\mathrm{T}$ measured in $0.5 < |y| < 1.0$ for jets clustered using the anti-$k_\mathrm{t}$ algorithm with $R=0.4$.

The inclusive jet production cross section as a function of the jet transverse momentum~$p_\mathrm{T}$ measured in $1.0 < |y| < 1.5$ for jets clustered using the anti-$k_\mathrm{t}$ algorithm with $R=0.4$.

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Constraints on Higgs boson production with large transverse momentum using $H\rightarrow b\bar{b}$ decays in the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Abbott, Dale ; et al.
CERN-EP-2021-185, 2021.
Inspire Record 1969589 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.102183

This paper reports constraints on Higgs boson production with transverse momentum above 1 TeV. The analyzed data from proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV were recorded with the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider from 2015 to 2018 and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 136 fb$^{-1}$. Higgs bosons decaying into $b\bar{b}$ are reconstructed as single large-radius jets recoiling against a hadronic system and identified by the experimental signature of two $b$-hadron decays. The experimental techniques are validated in the same kinematic regime using the $Z\rightarrow b\bar{b}$ process. The 95% confidence-level upper limit on the cross section for Higgs boson production with transverse momentum above 450 GeV is 115 fb, and above 1 TeV it is 9.6 fb. The Standard Model predictions in the same kinematic regions are 18.4 fb and 0.13 fb, respectively.

11 data tables

- - - - - - - - Overview of HEPData Record - - - - - - - - <br/><br/> <b>Standard Model cross sections:</b> <a href="102183?table=SMcrosssections">table</a><br/><br/> <b>Cutflow ggF:</b> <a href="102183?table=CutflowggF">table</a><br/><br/> <b>Cutflow VBF:</b> <a href="102183?table=CutflowVBF">table</a><br/><br/> <b>Cutflow VH:</b> <a href="102183?table=CutflowVH">table</a><br/><br/> <b>Cutflow ttH:</b> <a href="102183?table=CutflowttH">table</a><br/><br/> <b>Production mode fractional contributions::</b> <a href="102183?table=Fractionalcontribution">table</a><br/><br/> <b>Acceptance times efficiency - fiducial:</b> <a href="102183?table=Acceptancetimesefficiency-fiducial">table</a><br/><br/> <b>Acceptance times efficiency - differential:</b> <a href="102183?table=Acceptancetimesefficiency-differential">table</a><br/><br/> <b>Yield table - fiducial:</b> <a href="102183?table=Eventyields-fiducial">table</a><br/><br/> <b>Yield table - differential:</b> <a href="102183?table=Eventyields-differential">table</a><br/><br/>

Predicted Higgs boson production cross sections within fiducial volumes obtained from the four production mode MC samples (ggF, VBF, VH, and ttH) described in Section 3 with and without higher order electroweak (EW) corrections. All μH values reported are with respect to cross section with EW corrections.

The efficiency for simulated ggF events to pass each analysis cut.

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Search for associated production of a $Z$ boson with an invisibly decaying Higgs boson or dark matter candidates at $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Abbott, Dale ; et al.
CERN-EP-2021-204, 2021.
Inspire Record 1969392 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.114363

A search for invisible decays of the Higgs boson as well as searches for dark matter candidates, produced together with a leptonically decaying $Z$ boson, are presented. The analysis is performed using proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, delivered by the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 139 fb$^{-1}$ and recorded by the ATLAS experiment. Assuming Standard Model cross-sections for $ZH$ production, the upper limit on the branching ratio of the Higgs boson to invisible particles is found to be 19% at the 95% confidence level. Exclusion limits are also set for simplified dark matter models and 2HDM$+a$ models.

28 data tables

The expected exclusion contours as a function of (m(med), m($\chi$)), with Axial-vector mediator)

The observed exclusion contours as a function of (m(med), m($\chi$)), with Axial-vector mediator)

The expected exclusion contours as a function of (m(med), m($\chi$)), with Vector mediator)

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Measurement of Higgs boson decay into $b$-quarks in associated production with a top-quark pair in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Abbott, Dale ; et al.
CERN-EP-2021-202, 2021.
Inspire Record 1967501 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.114360

The associated production of a Higgs boson and a top-quark pair is measured in events characterised by the presence of one or two electrons or muons. The Higgs boson decay into a $b$-quark pair is used. The analysed data, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 139 fb$^{-1}$, were collected in proton-proton collisions at the Large Hadron Collider between 2015 and 2018 at a centre-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV. The measured signal strength, defined as the ratio of the measured signal yield to that predicted by the Standard Model, is $0.35^{+0.36}_{-0.34}$. This result is compatible with the Standard Model prediction and corresponds to an observed (expected) significance of 1.0 (2.7) standard deviations. The signal strength is also measured differentially in bins of the Higgs boson transverse momentum in the simplified template cross-section framework, including a bin for specially selected boosted Higgs bosons with transverse momentum above 300 GeV.

74 data tables

Comparison between data and prediction for the DNN $P(H)$ output for the Higgs boson candidate prior to any fit to the data in the single-lepton boosted channel for $300\le p_T^H<450$ GeV. The dashed line shows the ${t\bar {t}H}$ signal distribution normalised to the total background prediction. The uncertainty band includes all uncertainties and their correlations.

Comparison between data and prediction for the DNN $P(H)$ output for the Higgs boson candidate prior to any fit to the data in the single-lepton boosted channel for $p_{{T}}^{H}\ge 450$ GeV. The dashed line shows the ${t\bar {t}H}$ signal distribution normalised to the total background prediction. The uncertainty band includes all uncertainties and their correlations.

Performance of the Higgs boson reconstruction algorithms. For each row of `truth' ${\hat{p}_{{T}}^{H}}$, the matrix shows (in percentages) the fraction of all Higgs boson candidates with reconstructed $p_T^H$ in the various bins of the dilepton (left), single-lepton resolved (middle) and boosted (right) channels.

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Systematic study of nuclear effects in $p$ $+$Al, $p$ $+$Au, $d$ $+$Au, and $^{3}$He$+$Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=200$ GeV using $\pi^0$ production

The PHENIX collaboration Acharya, U.A. ; Adare, A. ; Aidala, C. ; et al.
549 authors from 81 institutions, 21 pages, 13 figures, and 3 tables. Data from 2008, 2014, and 2015. Physical Review C. Plain text data tables for the points plotted in figures for this and previous PHENIX publications are (or will be) publicly available at http://www.phenix.bnl.gov/papers.html, 2021.
Inspire Record 1965617 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.115023

The PHENIX collaboration presents a systematic study of $\pi^0$ production from $p$ $+$ $p$, $p$ $+$Al, $p$ $+$Au, $d$ $+$Au, and $^{3}$He$+$Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=200$ GeV. Measurements were performed with different centrality selections as well as the total inelastic, 0%--100%, selection for all collision systems. For 0%--100% collisions, the nuclear modification factors, $R_{xA}$, are consistent with unity for $p_T$ above 8 GeV/$c$, but exhibit an enhancement in peripheral collisions and a suppression in central collisions. The enhancement and suppression characteristics are similar for all systems for the same centrality class. It is shown that for high-$p_T$-$\pi^0$ production, the nucleons in the $d$ and $^3$He interact mostly independently with the Au nucleus and that the counter intuitive centrality dependence is likely due to a physical correlation between multiplicity and the presence of a hard scattering process. These observations disfavor models where parton energy loss has a significant contribution to nuclear modifications in small systems. Nuclear modifications at lower $p_T$ resemble the Cronin effect -- an increase followed by a peak in central or inelastic collisions and a plateau in peripheral collisions. The peak height has a characteristic ordering by system size as $p$ $+$Au $>$ $d$ $+$Au $>$ $^{3}$He$+$Au $>$ $p$ $+$Al. For collisions with Au ions, current calculations based on initial state cold nuclear matter effects result in the opposite order, suggesting the presence of other contributions to nuclear modifications, in particular at lower $p_T$.

28 data tables

Differential cross section of $\pi^0$ in p+p collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 200 GeV

Invariant yield of $\pi^0$ from (a) p+Al, (b) p+Au, (c) d+Au, and (d) $^{3}$HeAu in different centrality selections at $\sqrt{s}$ = 200 GeV

Nuclear modification factors from inelastic (a) p+Al, (b) p+Au, (c) d+Au, and (d) $^{3}$HeAu collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 200 GeV. The right boxes are the $N_{coll}$ uncertainties from the Glauber model, while the left box represents the overall normalization uncertainty from p+p collisions

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Study of dijet events with large rapidity separation in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 2.76 TeV

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Andrejkovic, Janik Walter ; et al.
CMS-FSQ-13-004, 2021.
Inspire Record 1963239 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.113660

The cross sections for inclusive and Mueller-Navelet dijet production are measured as a function of the rapidity separation between the jets in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 2.76 TeV for jets with transverse momentum $p_\mathrm{T} \gt $ 35 GeV and rapidity $\vert y\vert\lt $ 4.7. Various dijet production cross section ratios are also measured. A veto on additional jets with $p_\mathrm{T} \gt $ 20 GeV is introduced to improve the sensitivity to the effects of the Balitsky-Fadin-Kuraev-Lipatov (BFKL) evolution. The measurement is compared with the predictions of various Monte Carlo models based on leading-order and next-to-leading-order calculations including the Dokshitzer-Gribov-Lipatov-Altarelli-Parisi leading-logarithm (LL) parton shower as well as the LL BFKL resummation.

24 data tables

Summary of the systematic uncertainties on the cross section dσincl/d∆y.

Summary of the systematic uncertainties on the cross section dσMN/d∆y.

Summary of the systematic uncertainties on the ratio Rincl.

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Search for Higgs bosons decaying into new spin-0 or spin-1 particles in four-lepton final states with the ATLAS detector with 139 fb$^{-1}$ of $pp$ collision data at $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Abbott, Dale ; et al.
CERN-EP-2021-193, 2021.
Inspire Record 1954278 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.111057

Searches are conducted for new spin-0 or spin-1 bosons using events where a Higgs boson with mass $125$ GeV decays into four leptons ($\ell =$$e$,$\mu$). This decay is presumed to occur via an intermediate state which contains two on-shell, promptly decaying bosons: $H \rightarrow XX/ZX \rightarrow 4\ell$, where the new boson $X$ has a mass between 1 and 60 GeV. The search uses $pp$ collision data collected with the ATLAS detector at the LHC with an integrated luminosity of 139 fb$^{-1}$ at a centre-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV. The data are found to be consistent with Standard Model expectations. Limits are set on fiducial cross sections and on the branching ratio of the Higgs boson to decay into $XX/ZX$, improving those from previous publications by a factor between two and four. Limits are also set on mixing parameters relevant in extensions of the Standard Model containing a dark sector where $X$ is interpreted to be a dark boson.

31 data tables

Distribution of $\langle m_{\ell\ell}\rangle$ for events selected in the HM $H\to XX \to 4\ell$ $\, ( 15 \,\text{GeV} < m_{X} < 60 \,\text{GeV})$ analysis. (Pre-fit background expectations and signal templates for $m_{Z_d} = 20 \,\text{GeV}$, $35 \,\text{GeV}$, and $55 \,\text{GeV}$ are given. The latter's yields are normalized with $\sigma(pp\to H\to Z_dZ_d\to 4\ell) =\frac{1}{10}\sigma_{\textrm{SM}}(pp\to H\to ZZ^*\to 4\ell)$.

Distribution of $\langle m_{\ell\ell}\rangle$ for events selected in the LM $H\to XX \to 4\mu$ $( 1 \,\text{GeV} < m_{X} < 15 \, \text{GeV} )$ analysis. The regions of 2 GeV to 4.4 GeV, and 8 GeV to 12 GeV are each excluded by the quarkonia veto. No data events pass this selection. Background expectations are pre-fit. Signal templates for $m_{Z_d} = 2 \,\text{GeV}$, $6 \,\text{GeV}$, and $15 \,\text{GeV}$ are given. All signal yields are normalized with $\sigma(pp\to H\to aa\to 4\mu) = \frac{1}{10}\sigma_{\textrm{SM}}(pp\to H\to ZZ^*\to 4\mu) = 0.15 \text{ fb}$ .

Distribution of $m_{34}$ for data and background events in the mass range $115 \,\text{GeV} < m_{4\ell} < 130 \,\text{GeV}$ after the $H\to ZX\to 4\ell$ selection. The background yield for the $H \to ZZ^* \to 4\ell$ process is post-fit and constrained to $1.2 \pm 0.16$ times the Standard Model expectation. Three $H \to ZZ_d \to 4\ell$ signal templates are shown for $Z_d$ masses of $m_{Z_d} = 20 \,\text{GeV}$, $35 \,\text{GeV}$, and $55 \,\text{GeV}$. They are normalized to a branching ratio of $\textrm{BR}(H\rightarrow ZZ_d \rightarrow 4\ell) = \frac{1}{10}\textrm{BR}(H\rightarrow ZZ^*\rightarrow 4\ell)$.

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Search for an anomalous excess of charged-current quasi-elastic $\nu_e$ interactions with the MicroBooNE experiment using Deep-Learning-based reconstruction

The MicroBooNE collaboration Abratenko, P. ; An, R. ; Anthony, J. ; et al.
FERMILAB-PUB-21-507-ND, 2021.
Inspire Record 1953568 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.114859

We present a measurement of the $\nu_e$-interaction rate in the MicroBooNE detector that addresses the observed MiniBooNE anomalous low-energy excess (LEE). The approach taken isolates neutrino interactions consistent with the kinematics of charged-current quasi-elastic (CCQE) events. The topology of such signal events has a final state with 1 electron, 1 proton, and 0 mesons ($1e1p$). Multiple novel techniques are employed to identify a $1e1p$ final state, including particle identification that use two methods of deep-learning-based image identification, and event isolation using a boosted decision-tree ensemble trained to recognize two-body scattering kinematics. This analysis selects 25 $\nu_e$-candidate events in the reconstructed neutrino energy range of 200--1200 MeV, while $29.0 \pm 1.9_\text{(sys)} \pm 5.4_\text{(stat)}$ are predicted when using $\nu_\mu$ CCQE interactions as a constraint. We use a simplified model to translate the MiniBooNE LEE observation into a prediction for a $\nu_e$ signal in MicroBooNE. A $\Delta \chi^2$ test statistic, based on the combined Neyman--Pearson $\chi^2$ formalism, is used to define frequentist confidence intervals for the LEE signal strength. Using this technique, in the case of no LEE signal, we expect this analysis to exclude a normalization factor of 0.75 (0.98) times the median MiniBooNE LEE signal strength at 90% ($2\sigma$) confidence level, while the MicroBooNE data yield an exclusion of 0.25 (0.38) times the median MiniBooNE LEE signal strength at 90% ($2\sigma$) confidence

7 data tables

Observed NuE data and background (+ LEE) prediction, including the muon neutrino background prediction from the empirical fit, for arXiv:2110.14080. The prediction incorporates the constraint from the 1mu1p sample

Observed NuE data and background (+ LEE) prediction, including the muon neutrino background prediction from the empirical fit, for arXiv:2110.14080. The prediction does not incorporate the constraint from the 1mu1p sample

NuE background fractional covariance matrix after the 1mu1p constraint from arXiv:2110.14080

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Search for long-lived particles produced in association with a Z boson in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Andrejkovic, Janik Walter ; et al.
CMS-EXO-20-003, 2021.
Inspire Record 1954276 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.114366

A search for long-lived particles (LLPs) produced in association with a Z boson is presented. The study is performed using data from proton-proton collisions with a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV recorded by the CMS experiment during 2016-2018, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 117 fb$^{-1}$. The LLPs are assumed to decay to a pair of standard model quarks that are identified as displaced jets within the CMS tracker system. Triggers and selections based on Z boson decays to electron or muon pairs improve the sensitivity to light LLPs (down to 15 GeV). This search provides sensitivity to beyond the standard model scenarios which predict LLPs produced in association with a Z boson. In particular, the results are interpreted in the context of exotic decays of the Higgs boson to a pair of scalar LLPs (H $\to$ SS). The Higgs boson decay branching fraction is constrained to values less than 6% for proper decay lengths of 10-100 mm and for LLP masses between 40 and 55 GeV. In the case of low-mass ($\approx$15 GeV) scalar particles that subsequently decay to a pair of b quarks, the search is sensitive to branching fractions $\mathcal{B}$(H $\to$ SS) $\lt$ 20% for proper decay lengths of 10-50 mm. The use of associated production with a Z boson increases the sensitivity to low-mass LLPs of this analysis with respect to gluon fusion searches. In the case of 15 GeV scalar LLPs, the improvement corresponds to a factor of 2 at a proper decay length of 30 mm.

10 data tables

Distributions of the median-log10 impact parameter significance tagging variable for data and for four signal samples, where the decay lengths of the signal range from 1 to 1000 mm.

Distributions of the median-log10 track angle tagging variable for data and for four signal samples, where the decay lengths of the signal range from 1 to 1000 mm.

Distributions of the alpha max tagging variable for data and for four signal samples, where the decay lengths of the signal range from 1 to 1000 mm.

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First search for exclusive diphoton production at high mass with tagged protons in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The TOTEM & CMS collaborations Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Bergauer, Thomas ; et al.
CMS-EXO-18-014, 2021.
Inspire Record 1942141 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.113659

A search for exclusive two-photon production via photon exchange in proton-proton collisions, pp $\to$ p$\gamma\gamma$p with intact protons, is presented. The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 9.4 fb$^{-1}$ collected in 2016 using the CMS and TOTEM detectors at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV at the LHC. Events are selected with a diphoton invariant mass above 350 GeV and with both protons intact in the final state, to reduce backgrounds from strong interactions. The events of interest are those where the invariant mass and rapidity calculated from the momentum losses of the forward-moving protons matches the mass and rapidity of the central, two-photon system. No events are found that satisfy this condition. Interpreting this result in an effective dimension-8 extension of the standard model, the first limits are set on the two anomalous four-photon coupling parameters. If the other parameter is constrained to its standard model value, the limits at 95% CL are $\lvert\zeta_1\rvert\lt$ 2.88$\times$10$^{-13}$ GeV$^{-4}$ and $\lvert\zeta_2\rvert\lt$6.02$\times$10$^{-13}$GeV$^{-4}$.

6 data tables

Cut flow for the diphoton selection stages defined in the text (signal contribution is magnified by a factor 5000).

Invariant mass distribution of the diphoton pairs for the elastic selection region with events satisfying a < 0.005 (signal contribution is magnified by a factor 5000).

Predicted number of events having an elastic diphoton pair in association with a pair of protons observed within the range where the proton detectors have a radiation inefficiency less than 10%. The yields where the two-photon and two-proton systems mass and rapidity are matching at 2 and 3$\sigma$ are also quoted. This corresponds to a search region of $m_{\gamma\gamma} > 350$ GeV, $0.070 < \xi^+ < 0.111$, and $0.070 < \xi^- < 0.138$.

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