Measurement of beam asymmetry for $\pi^-\Delta^{++}$ photoproduction on the proton at $E_\gamma$=8.5 GeV

The GlueX collaboration Adhikari, S. ; Akondi, C.S. ; Ali, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 103 (2021) L022201, 2021.
Inspire Record 1817577 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.110112

We report a measurement of the $\pi^-$ photoproduction beam asymmetry for the reaction $\vec{\gamma} p \rightarrow \pi^- \Delta^{++}$ using data from the GlueX experiment in the photon beam energy range 8.2--8.8 GeV. The asymmetry $\Sigma$ is measured as a function of four-momentum transfer $t$ to the $\Delta^{++}$ and compared to phenomenological models. We find that $\Sigma$ varies as a function of $t$: negative at smaller values and positive at higher values of $|t|$. The reaction can be described theoretically by $t$-channel particle exchange requiring pseudoscalar, vector, and tensor intermediaries. In particular, this reaction requires charge exchange, allowing us to probe pion exchange and the significance of higher-order corrections to one-pion exchange at low momentum transfer. Constraining production mechanisms of conventional mesons may aid in the search for and study of unconventional mesons. This is the first measurement of the process at this energy.

1 data table

Beam asymmetry $\Sigma$ vs. $|t|$ compared to theoretical predictions. The uncertainty on $|t|$ is the rms of values in the $\Delta^{++}$ signal region. The uncertainties on $\Sigma$ are statistical and systematic (uncorrelated across t bins), respectively. There is an additional fully correlated systematic uncertainty of 1.5% on the magnitude of $\Sigma$.


Measurement of the photon beam asymmetry in $\vec{\gamma} p\to K^+\Sigma^0$ at $E_{\gamma} = 8.5$ GeV

The GlueX collaboration Adhikari, S. ; Ali, A. ; Amaryan, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 101 (2020) 065206, 2020.
Inspire Record 1785913 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.110167

We report measurements of the photon beam asymmetry $\Sigma$ for the reaction $\vec{\gamma} p\to K^+\Sigma^0$(1193) using the GlueX spectrometer in Hall D at Jefferson Lab. Data were collected using a linearly polarized photon beam in the energy range of 8.2-8.8 GeV incident on a liquid hydrogen target. The beam asymmetry $\Sigma$ was measured as a function of the Mandelstam variable $t$, and a single value of $\Sigma$ was extracted for events produced in the $u$-channel. These are the first exclusive measurements of the photon beam asymmetry $\Sigma$ for the reaction in this energy range. For the $t$-channel, the measured beam asymmetry is close to unity over the $t$-range studied, $-t=(0.1-1.4)~$(GeV/$c$)$^{2}$, with an average value of $\Sigma = 1.00\pm 0.05$. This agrees with theoretical models that describe the reaction via the natural-parity exchange of the $K^{*}$(892) Regge trajectory. A value of $\Sigma = 0.41 \pm 0.09$ is obtained for the $u$-channel integrated up to $-u=2.0$~(GeV/$c$)$^{2}$.

2 data tables

Beam asymmetry $\Sigma$ for the low $-t$ region where the horizontal error bars indicate the rms widths of the $t$ bin. The uncertainties on $\Sigma$ are statistical and systematic (uncorrelated across t bins), respectively. There is an additional fully correlated systematic uncertainty of 2.1% on the magnitude of $\Sigma$.

Average beam asymmetry $\Sigma$ for the low $-u$ region where the uncertainty on $\Sigma$ is the statistical and systematic (uncorrelated across t bins), respectively. There is an additional fully correlated systematic uncertainty of 2.1% on the magnitude of $\Sigma$.


Beam Asymmetry $\mathbf{\Sigma}$ for the Photoproduction of $\mathbf{\eta}$ and $\mathbf{\eta^{\prime}}$ Mesons at $\mathbf{E_{\gamma}=8.8}$GeV

The GlueX collaboration Adhikari, S. ; Ali, A. ; Amaryan, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 100 (2019) 052201, 2019.
Inspire Record 1749712 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.110166

We report on the measurement of the beam asymmetry $\Sigma$ for the reactions $\vec{\gamma}p\rightarrow p\eta$ and $\vec{\gamma}p \rightarrow p\eta^{\prime}$ from the GlueX experiment, using an 8.2--8.8 GeV linearly polarized tagged photon beam incident on a liquid hydrogen target in Hall D at Jefferson Lab. These measurements are made as a function of momentum transfer $-t$, with significantly higher statistical precision than our earlier $\eta$ measurements, and are the first measurements of $\eta^{\prime}$ in this energy range. We compare the results to theoretical predictions based on $t$--channel quasi-particle exchange. We also compare the ratio of $\Sigma_{\eta}$ to $\Sigma_{\eta^{\prime}}$ to these models, as this ratio is predicted to be sensitive to the amount of $s\bar{s}$ exchange in the production. We find that photoproduction of both $\eta$ and $\eta^{\prime}$ is dominated by natural parity exchange with little dependence on $-t$.

3 data tables

Values and errors for the photon beam asymmetry $\Sigma_{\eta}$ for the reaction $\gamma p \rightarrow \eta p$ with $\eta\rightarrow\gamma\gamma$. For the binning in $t$, we report the range of the data, the event-weighted mean of all $t$ values, and the RMS of that distribution. For $\Sigma_{\eta}$, we report the value, statistical error, and systematic error. The total error is the sum of the previous two in quadrature. Not reported here is the $2.1\%$ relative uncertainty due to the determination of the polarization of the photon beam.

Values and errors for the photon beam asymmetry $\Sigma_{\eta\prime}$ for the reaction $\gamma p \rightarrow \eta^{\prime} p$ with $\eta^{\prime}\rightarrow \eta\pi^{+}\pi^{-}$ and the $\eta\rightarrow\gamma\gamma$. For the binning in $t$, we report the range of the data, the event-weighted mean of all $t$ values, and the RMS of that distribution. For $\Sigma_{\eta\prime}$, we report the value, statistical error, and systematic error. The total error is the sum of the previous two in quadrature. Not reported here is the $2.1\%$ relative uncertainty due to the determination of the polarization of the photon beam.

Values and errors for the ratio of photon beam asymmetries $\Sigma_{\eta\prime}/\Sigma_{\eta}$ for the reported reactions. To form the ratio, the $\eta$ analysis is done with the same binning in $t$ as the $\eta^\prime$ analysis, and for each bin we report the range of the data, the event-weighted mean of all $t$ values, and the RMS of that distribution. For $\Sigma_{\eta\prime}/\Sigma_{\eta}$, we report the value, statistical error, and systematic error. The total error is the sum of the previous two in quadrature.}


First Measurement of Near-Threshold J/ψ Exclusive Photoproduction off the Proton

The GlueX collaboration Ali, A. ; Amaryan, M. ; Anassontzis, E.G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 123 (2019) 072001, 2019.
Inspire Record 1736890 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.110173

We report on the measurement of the $\gamma p \rightarrow J/\psi p$ cross section from $E_\gamma = 11.8$ GeV down to the threshold at $8.2$ GeV using a tagged photon beam with the GlueX experiment. We find the total cross section falls toward the threshold less steeply than expected from two-gluon exchange models. The differential cross section $d\sigma /dt$ has an exponential slope of $1.67 \pm 0.39$ GeV$^{-2}$ at $10.7$ GeV average energy. The LHCb pentaquark candidates $P_c^+$ can be produced in the $s$-channel of this reaction. We see no evidence for them and set model-dependent upper limits on their branching fractions $\mathcal{B}(P_c^+ \rightarrow J/\psi p)$ and cross sections $\sigma(\gamma p \to P_c^+)\times\mathcal{B}(P_c^+ \to J/\psi p) $.

2 data tables

$\gamma p \rightarrow J/\psi p$ total cross-sections, statistical and systematic errors of the individual points in bins of beam energy. There is an additional fully correlated systematic uncertainty of 26.7% on the total cross section, not included here.

$\gamma p \rightarrow J/\psi p$ differential cross-sections, statistical and systematic errors of the individual points in bins of $-(t-t_{min})$. There is an additional fully correlated systematic uncertainty of 26.7% on the total cross section, not included here.


A glimpse of gluons through deeply virtual compton scattering on the proton

Defurne, M. ; Martí Jiménez-Argüello, A. ; Ahmed, Z. ; et al.
Nature Commun. 8 (2017) 1408, 2017.
Inspire Record 1519829 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.78261

The proton is composed of quarks and gluons, bound by the most elusive mechanism of strong interaction called confinement. In this work, the dynamics of quarks and gluons are investigated using deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS): produced by a multi-GeV electron, a highly virtual photon scatters off the proton which subsequently radiates a high energy photon. Similarly to holography, measuring not only the magnitude but also the phase of the DVCS amplitude allows to perform 3D images of the internal structure of the proton. The phase is made accessible through the quantum-mechanical interference of DVCS with the Bethe-Heitler (BH) process, in which the final photon is emitted by the electron rather than the proton. We report herein the first full determination of the BH-DVCS interference by exploiting the distinct energy dependences of the DVCS and BH amplitudes. In the high energy regime where the scattering process is expected to occur off a single quark in the proton, these accurate measurements show an intriguing sensitivity to gluons, the carriers of the strong interaction.

40 data tables

Beam helicity independent cross sections. The first systematic uncertainty is the combined correlated systematic uncertainty, the second is the point-to-point systematic uncertainty to add quadratically to the statistical uncertainty.

Beam helicity dependent cross sections. The first systematic uncertainty is the combined correlated systematic uncertainty, the second is the point-to-point systematic uncertainty to add quadratically to the statistical uncertainty.

Beam helicity independent cross sections. The first systematic uncertainty is the combined correlated systematic uncertainty, the second is the point-to-point systematic uncertainty to add quadratically to the statistical uncertainty.

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Measurement of the beam asymmetry $\Sigma$ for $\pi^0$ and $\eta$ photoproduction on the proton at $E_\gamma = 9$ GeV

The GlueX collaboration Al Ghoul, H. ; Anassontzis, E.G. ; Austregesilo, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 95 (2017) 042201, 2017.
Inspire Record 1511149 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.76745

We report measurements of the photon beam asymmetry $\Sigma$ for the reactions $\vec{\gamma}p\to p\pi^0$ and $\vec{\gamma}p\to p\eta $ from the GlueX experiment using a 9 GeV linearly-polarized, tagged photon beam incident on a liquid hydrogen target in Jefferson Lab's Hall D. The asymmetries, measured as a function of the proton momentum transfer, possess greater precision than previous $\pi^0$ measurements and are the first $\eta$ measurements in this energy regime. The results are compared with theoretical predictions based on $t$-channel, quasi-particle exchange and constrain the axial-vector component of the neutral meson production mechanism in these models.

2 data tables

Measurement of the beam asymmetry $\Sigma$ for $\pi^0$ photoproduction on the proton at $E_\gamma = 9$ GeV. The uncorrelated systematic errors (syst) are given in the table below along with a correlated normalization uncertainty (norm) of 3.6% due to the beam polarization.

Measurement of the beam asymmetry $\Sigma$ for $\eta$ photoproduction on the proton at $E_\gamma = 9$ GeV. The uncorrelated systematic errors (syst) are given in the table below along with a correlated normalization uncertainty (norm) of 3.6% due to the beam polarization.


Cross sections and Rosenbluth separations in H-1(e, e-prime K+)Lambda up to Q**2 = 2.35-GeV**2

The Jefferson Lab Hall A collaboration Coman, M. ; Markowitz, P. ; Aniol, K.A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 81 (2010) 052201, 2010.
Inspire Record 837422 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.54197

The kaon electroproduction reaction 1H(e,e'K+)Lambda was studied as a function of the virtual-photon four-momentum, Q2, total energy, W, and momentum transfer, t, for different values of the virtual- photon polarization parameter. Data were taken at electron beam energies ranging from 3.40 to 5.75 GeV. The center of mass cross section was determined for 21 kinematics corresponding to Q2 of 1.90 and 2.35 GeV2 and the longitudinal, sigmaL, and transverse, sigmaT, cross sections were separated using the Rosenbluth technique at fixed W and t. The separated cross sections reveal a flat energy dependence at forward kaon angles not satisfactorily described by existing electroproduction models. Influence of the kaon pole on the cross sections was investigated by adopting an off-shell form factor in the Regge model which better describes the observed energy dependence of sigmaT and sigmaL.

11 data tables

Measured values of the separated cross section at Q**2 = 2.35 GeV**2 and W = 1.85 GeV.. Errors contain both statistics and systematics.

Measured values of the separated cross section at Q**2 = 1.90 GeV**2.. Errors contain both statistics and systematics.

Measured values of the separated cross section at Q**2 = 2.35 GeV**2.. Errors contain both statistics and systematics.

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Electroproduction of Eta Mesons in the S(11)(1535) Resonance Region at High Momentum Transfer

Dalton, M.M. ; Adams, G.S. ; Ahmidouch, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 80 (2009) 015205, 2009.
Inspire Record 783943 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.50548

The differential cross-section for the process p(e,e'p)eta has been measured at Q2 ~ 5.7 and 7.0 (GeV/c)2 for centre-of-mass energies from threshold to 1.8 GeV, encompassing the S11(1535) resonance, which dominates the channel. This is the highest momentum transfer measurement of this exclusive process to date. The helicity-conserving transition amplitude A_1/2, for the production of the S11(1535) resonance, is extracted from the data. This quantity appears to begin scaling as 1/Q3, a predicted signal of the dominance of perturbative QCD, at Q2 ~ 5 (GeV/c)2.

39 data tables

Total cross section for the lower Q**2 data as a function of W. The errors are statistics and systematic added in quadrature.

Total cross section for the higher Q**2 data as a function of W. The errors are statistics and systematic added in quadrature.

Lower Q**2 extracted differential cross section at W = 1.500 GeV and cos(theta(eta) = -0.917, -0.750 and -0.583.

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Determination of the Charged Pion Form Factor at Q**2 = 1.60 and 2.45-(GeV/c)**2

The Jefferson Lab F(pi)-2 collaboration Horn, T. ; Aniol, K. ; Arrington, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 97 (2006) 192001, 2006.
Inspire Record 721062 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31560

The H(e,e'pi+)n cross section was measured at four-momentum transfers of Q2=1.60 and 2.45 GeV2 at an invariant mass of the photon nucleon system of W=2.22 GeV. The charged pion form factor (F_pi) was extracted from the data by comparing the separated longitudinal pion electroproduction cross section to a Regge model prediction in which F_pi is a free parameter. The results indicate that the pion form factor deviates from the charge-radius constrained monopole form at these values of Q2 by one sigma, but is still far from its perturbative Quantum Chromo-Dynamics prediction.

3 data tables

Separated cross sections at mean Q**2 of 1.60 GeV**2.

Separated cross sections at mean Q**2 of 2.45 GeV**2.

Extracted values of the charged pion form-factor. Errors are the statistical and experimental systematics combined in quadrature.


Photon electroproduction from hydrogen at backward angles and momentum transfer squared of $Q^2 = 1.0$GeV$^2$

The JLab Hall A collaboration Laveissiere, G. ; Degrande, N. ; Jaminion, S. ; et al.
2004.
Inspire Record 652965 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38623

We have made the first measurements of the virtual Compton scattering process via the e p -> e p gamma exclusive reaction at Q**2 = 1 GeV**2 in the nucleon resonance region. The cross section is obtained at center of mass (CM) backward angle, theta_gamma_gamma*, in a range of total (gamma* p) CM energy W from the proton mass up to W = 1.91 GeV. The data show resonant structures in the first and second resonance regions, and are well reproduced at higher W by the Bethe-Heitler+Born cross section, including t-channel pi0-exchange. At high W, our data, together with existing real photon data, show a striking Q**2 independence. Our measurement of the ratio of H(e,e'p)gamma to H(e,e'p)pi0 cross sections is presented and compared to model predictions.

18 data tables

Cross section for the reaction E P --> E P GAMMA at a polar angle given by COS(THETA) = -0.975 and azimuthal angle PHI = 15 degrees both in the centre-of-mass frame of the GAMMA* P --> GAMMA* P reaction.

Cross section for the reaction E P --> E P GAMMA at a polar angle given by COS(THETA) = -0.975 and azimuthal angle PHI = 45 degrees both in the centre-of-mass frame of the GAMMA* P --> GAMMA* P reaction.

Cross section for the reaction E P --> E P GAMMA at a polar angle given by COS(THETA) = -0.975 and azimuthal angle PHI = 75 degrees both in the centre-of-mass frame of the GAMMA* P --> GAMMA* P reaction.

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