Charged-particle multiplicity distributions over a wide pseudorapidity range in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 0.9, 7, and 8 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Acharya, S. ; Adamová, D. ; Adolfsson, J. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 77 (2017) 852, 2017.
Inspire Record 1614477 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.78802

We present the charged-particle multiplicity distributions over a wide pseudorapidity range ($-3.4<\eta<5.0$) for pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 0.9, 7, and 8 TeV at the LHC. Results are based on information from the Silicon Pixel Detector and the Forward Multiplicity Detector of ALICE, extending the pseudorapidity coverage of the earlier publications and the high-multiplicity reach. The measurements are compared to results from the CMS experiment and to PYTHIA, PHOJET and EPOS LHC event generators, as well as IP-Glasma calculations.

90 data tables

Multiplicity distribution in the pseudorapidity region -2.0 to 2.0 for NSD collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 900 GeV.

Multiplicity distribution in the pseudorapidity region -2.4 to 2.4 for NSD collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 900 GeV.

Multiplicity distribution in the pseudorapidity region -3.0 to 3.0 for NSD collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 900 GeV.

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Prompt and nonprompt J/$\psi$ production and nuclear modification in $p$Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\text{NN}}}= 8.16$ TeV

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, R. ; Adeva, B. ; Adinolfi, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 774 (2017) 159-178, 2017.
Inspire Record 1606329 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.79799

The production of J/$\psi$ mesons is studied in proton-lead collisions at the centre-of-mass energy per nucleon pair $\sqrt{s_{\text{NN}}}=8.16$ TeV with the LHCb detector at the LHC. The double differential cross-sections of prompt and nonprompt J/$\psi$ production are measured as functions of the J/$\psi$ transverse momentum and rapidity in the nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass frame. Forward-to-backward ratios and nuclear modification factors are determined. The results are compared with theoretical calculations based on collinear factorisation using nuclear parton distribution functions, on the colour glass condensate or on coherent energy loss models.

16 data tables

The total integrated cross sections for prompt $J/\psi$ production, assuming no polarisation, and $J/\psi$ production from $b$-hadron decays in the rapidity range $1.5 < y^* < 4.0$ in the nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass frame measured in the proton-lead beam configuration and transverse momentum 0-14 GeV/c. The first quoted uncertainty indicates the bin-by-bin correlated systematic uncertainty and the second is the bin-by-bin uncorrelated systematic uncertainty.

The total integrated cross sections for prompt $J/\psi$ production, assuming no polarisation, and $J/\psi$ production from $b$-hadron decays in the rapidity range $-5.0 < y^* < -2.5$ in the nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass frame measured in the lead-proton beam configuration and transverse momentum 0-14 GeV/c. The first quoted uncertainty indicates the bin-by-bin correlated systematic uncertainty and the second is the bin-by-bin uncorrelated systematic uncertainty

The double-differential cross sections for prompt $J/\psi$ production, assuming no polarisation, as a function of transverse momentum for the rapidity range $1.5 < y^* < 4.0$ in the nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass frame. The first quoted uncertainty indicates the bin-by-bin correlated systematic uncertainty and the second is the bin-by-bin uncorrelated systematic uncertainty.

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Test of lepton universality with $B^{0} \rightarrow K^{*0}\ell^{+}\ell^{-}$ decays

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, R. ; Adeva, B. ; Adinolfi, M. ; et al.
JHEP 08 (2017) 055, 2017.
Inspire Record 1599846 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77815

A test of lepton universality, performed by measuring the ratio of the branching fractions of the $B^{0} \rightarrow K^{*0}\mu^{+}\mu^{-}$ and $B^{0} \rightarrow K^{*0}e^{+}e^{-}$ decays, $R_{K^{*0}}$, is presented. The $K^{*0}$ meson is reconstructed in the final state $K^{+}\pi^{-}$, which is required to have an invariant mass within 100$\mathrm{\,MeV}c^2$ of the known $K^{*}(892)^{0}$ mass. The analysis is performed using proton-proton collision data, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of about 3$\mathrm{\,fb}^{-1}$, collected by the LHCb experiment at centre-of-mass energies of 7 and 8$\mathrm{\,TeV}$. The ratio is measured in two regions of the dilepton invariant mass squared, $q^{2}$, to be \begin{eqnarray*} R_{K^{*0}} = \begin{cases} 0.66~^{+~0.11}_{-~0.07}\mathrm{\,(stat)} \pm 0.03\mathrm{\,(syst)} & \textrm{for } 0.045 < q^{2} < 1.1~\mathrm{\,GeV^2}c^4 \, , \\ 0.69~^{+~0.11}_{-~0.07}\mathrm{\,(stat)} \pm 0.05\mathrm{\,(syst)} & \textrm{for } 1.1\phantom{00} < q^{2} < 6.0~\mathrm{\,GeV^2}c^4 \, . \end{cases} \end{eqnarray*} The corresponding 95.4\% confidence level intervals are $[0.52, 0.89]$ and $[0.53, 0.94]$. The results, which represent the most precise measurements of $R_{K^{*0}}$ to date, are compatible with the Standard Model expectations at the level of 2.1--2.3 and 2.4--2.5 standard deviations in the two $q^{2}$ regions, respectively.

2 data tables

Distributions of the $R(K^{*0})$ delta log-likelihood, $-(\ln L - \ln L_{best})$, for the three trigger categories combined in the low-q2 bin ($0.045 < q^2 < 1.1$ GeV$^{2}/c^4$).

Distributions of the $R(K^{*0})$ delta log-likelihood, $-(\ln L - \ln L_{best})$, for the three trigger categories combined in the central-q2 bin ($1.1 < q^2 < 6.0$ GeV$^{2}/c^4$).


First measurement of the muon neutrino charged current single pion production cross section on water with the T2K near detector

The T2K collaboration Abe, K. ; Andreopoulos, C. ; Antonova, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 95 (2017) 012010, 2017.
Inspire Record 1465650 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73182

The T2K off-axis near detector, ND280, is used to make the first differential cross section measurements of muon neutrino charged current single positive pion production on a water target at energies ${\sim}0.8$ GeV. The differential measurements are presented as a function of muon and pion kinematics, in the restricted phase-space defined by $p_{\pi^+}>200$MeV/c, $p_{\mu^-}>200$MeV/c, $\cos \theta_{\pi^+}>0.3$ and $\cos \theta_{\mu^-}>0.3$. The total flux integrated $\nu_\mu$ charged current single positive pion production cross section on water in the restricted phase-space is measured to be $\langle\sigma\rangle_\phi=4.25\pm0.48 (\mathrm{stat})\pm1.56 (\mathrm{syst})\times10^{-40} \mathrm{cm}^{2}/\mathrm{nucleon}$. The total cross section is consistent with the NEUT prediction ($5.03\times10^{-40} \mathrm{cm}^{2}/\mathrm{nucleon}$) and 2$\sigma$ lower than the GENIE prediction ($7.68\times10^{-40} \mathrm{cm}^{2}/\mathrm{nucleon}$). The differential cross sections are in good agreement with the NEUT generator. The GENIE simulation reproduces well the shapes of the distributions, but over-estimates the overall cross section normalization.

8 data tables

Total $\nu_\mu$ CC1$\pi^+$ cross section on water in the reduced phase-space of $p_{\pi^+} > 200$ MeV/$c$, $p_\mu > 200$ MeV/c, $\cos(\theta_{\pi^+}) > 0.3$ and $\cos(\theta_\mu) > 0.3$. The T2K data point is placed at the $\nu_\mu$ flux mean energy.

Unfolded $\nu_\mu$ CC1$\pi^+$ differential cross section as a function of $p_\pi$ in the reduced phase-space of $p_{\pi^+} > 200$ MeV/$c$, $p_\mu > 200$ MeV/c, $\cos(\theta_{\pi^+}) > 0.3$ and $\cos(\theta_\mu) > 0.3$.

Unfolded $\nu_\mu$ CC1$\pi^+$ differential cross section as a function of $\cos\theta_\pi$ in the reduced phase-space of $p_{\pi^+} > 200$ MeV/$c$, $p_\mu > 200$ MeV/c, $\cos(\theta_{\pi^+}) > 0.3$ and $\cos(\theta_\mu) > 0.3$.

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Measurement of the Inclusive $t\bar{t}$ Production Cross Section in $p\bar{p}$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV and Determination of the Top Quark Pole Mass

The D0 collaboration Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 94 (2016) 092004, 2016.
Inspire Record 1463281 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.78547

The inclusive cross section of top quark-antiquark pairs produced in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV is measured in the lepton$+$jets and dilepton decay channels. The data sample corresponds to 9.7 fb${}^{-1}$ of integrated luminosity recorded with the D0 detector during Run II of the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. Employing multivariate analysis techniques we measure the cross section in the two decay channels and we perform a combined cross section measurement. For a top quark mass of 172.5 GeV, we measure a combined inclusive top quark-antiquark pair production cross section of $\sigma_{t\bar{t}} = 7.26 \pm 0.13\,(\mathrm{stat.})\,^{+0.57}_{-0.50}\,(\mathrm{syst.})$ pb which is consistent with standard model predictions. We also perform a likelihood fit to the measured and predicted top quark mass dependence of the inclusive cross section, which yields a measurement of the pole mass of the top quark. The extracted value is $m_t = 172.8 \pm 1.1\,(\mathrm{theo.})\,^{+3.3}_{-3.1}\,(\mathrm{exp.})$ GeV.

1 data table

The measured combined inclusive $t\bar{t}$ cross section as a function of the top quark MC mass with statistical and systematic uncertainties given separately.


Measurement of the Forward-Backward Asymmetries in the Production of Ξ and Ω Baryons in $p\overline{p}$ Collisions

The D0 collaboration Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 93 (2016) 112001, 2016.
Inspire Record 1457606 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.78545

We measure the forward-backward asymmetries $A_{\rm FB}$ of charged $\Xi$ and $\Omega$ baryons produced in $p \bar{p}$ collisions recorded by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider at $\sqrt{s} = 1.96$ TeV as a function of the baryon rapidity $y$. We find that the asymmetries $A_{\rm FB}$ for charged $\Xi$ and $\Omega$ baryons are consistent with zero within statistical uncertainties.

1 data table

Forward-backward asymmetry $A_{\rm FB}$ of $\Xi^\mp$ baryons with $p_T > 2$ GeV in minimum bias events, $p\bar{p} \rightarrow \Xi^\mp X$, and muon events $p \bar{p} \rightarrow \mu \Xi^\mp X$, and $A_{\rm FB}$ of $\Omega^-$ and $\Omega^+$ baryons with $p_T > 2$ GeV in muon events $p \bar{p} \rightarrow \mu \Omega^\mp X$. The first uncertainty is statistical, the second is systematic due to the detector asymmetry $A'_{\rm NS} A'_\Xi$.


Measurement of the Multiple-Muon Charge Ratio in the MINOS Far Detector

The MINOS collaboration Adamson, P. ; Anghel, I. ; Aurisano, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 93 (2016) 052017, 2016.
Inspire Record 1419065 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77051

The charge ratio, $R_\mu = N_{\mu^+}/N_{\mu^-}$, for cosmogenic multiple-muon events observed at an under- ground depth of 2070 mwe has been measured using the magnetized MINOS Far Detector. The multiple-muon events, recorded nearly continuously from August 2003 until April 2012, comprise two independent data sets imaged with opposite magnetic field polarities, the comparison of which allows the systematic uncertainties of the measurement to be minimized. The multiple-muon charge ratio is determined to be $R_\mu = 1.104 \pm 0.006 {\rm \,(stat.)} ^{+0.009}_{-0.010} {\rm \,(syst.)} $. This measurement complements previous determinations of single-muon and multiple-muon charge ratios at underground sites and serves to constrain models of cosmic ray interactions at TeV energies.

1 data table

Efficiency-corrected charge ratios as a function of measured muon multiplicity, $M$.


Measurement of the forward-backward asymmetry of $\Lambda$ and $\bar{\Lambda}$ production in $p \bar{p}$ collisions

The D0 collaboration Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 93 (2016) 032002, 2016.
Inspire Record 1404885 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.76972

We study $\Lambda$ and $\bar{\Lambda}$ production asymmetries in $p \bar{p} \rightarrow \Lambda (\bar{\Lambda}) X$, $p \bar{p} \rightarrow J/\psi \Lambda (\bar{\Lambda}) X$, and $p \bar{p} \rightarrow \mu^\pm \Lambda (\bar{\Lambda}) X$ events recorded by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider at $\sqrt{s} = 1.96$ TeV. We find an excess of $\Lambda$'s ($\bar{\Lambda}$'s) produced in the proton (antiproton) direction. This forward-backward asymmetry is measured as a function of rapidity. We confirm that the $\bar{\Lambda}/\Lambda$ production ratio, measured by several experiments with various targets and a wide range of energies, is a universal function of "rapidity loss", i.e., the rapidity difference of the beam proton and the lambda.

2 data tables

Forward-backward asymmetry $A_{FB}$ of $\Lambda$ and $\bar{\Lambda}$ with $p_T > 2.0$ GeV in minimum bias events $p \bar{p} \rightarrow \Lambda (\bar{\Lambda}) X$, events $p \bar{p} \rightarrow J/\psi \Lambda (\bar{\Lambda}) X$, and events $p \bar{p} \rightarrow \mu^\pm \Lambda (\bar{\Lambda}) X$.

Forward-backward asymmetry $A_{FB}$ of $\Lambda$ and $\bar{\Lambda}$ in bins of $p_T$ in events $p \bar{p} \rightarrow \mu^\pm \Lambda (\bar{\Lambda}) X$.


Measurement of the I=1/2 $K \pi$ $\mathcal{S}$-wave amplitude from Dalitz plot analyses of $\eta_c \to K \bar K \pi$ in two-photon interactions

The BaBar collaboration Lees, J.P. ; Poireau, V. ; Tisserand, V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 93 (2016) 012005, 2016.
Inspire Record 1403544 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.76968

We study the processes $\gamma \gamma \to K^0_S K^{\pm}\pi^{\mp}$ and $\gamma \gamma \to K^+ K^- \pi^0$ using a data sample of 519~$fb^{-1}$ recorded with the BaBar detector operating at the SLAC PEP-II asymmetric-energy $e^+ e^-$ collider at center-of-mass energies at and near the $\Upsilon(nS)$ ($n = 2,3,4$) resonances. We observe $\eta_c$ decays to both final states and perform Dalitz plot analyses using a model-independent partial wave analysis technique. This allows a model-independent measurement of the mass-dependence of the $I=1/2$ $K \pi$ $\mathcal{S}$-wave amplitude and phase. A comparison between the present measurement and those from previous experiments indicates similar behaviour for the phase up to a mass of 1.5 $GeV/c^2$. In contrast, the amplitudes show very marked differences. The data require the presence of a new $a_0(1950)$ resonance with parameters $m=1931 \pm 14 \pm 22 \ MeV/c^2$ and $\Gamma=271 \pm 22 \pm 29 \ MeV$.

2 data tables

Measured amplitude and phase values for the $I=1/2$ $K \pi$ $\mathcal{S}$-wave as functions of mass obtained from the Model Independent Partial Wave Analysis (MIPWA) of $\eta_c \to K^0_{\scriptscriptstyle S} K^{\pm}\pi^{\mp}$. The amplitudes and phases in the mass interval 14 are fixed to constant values.

Measured amplitude and phase values for the $I=1/2$ $K \pi$ $\mathcal{S}$-wave as functions of mass obtained from the Model Independent Partial Wave Analysis (MIPWA) of $\eta_c \to K^+ K^- \pi^0$. The amplitudes and phases in the mass interval 14 are fixed to constant values.


Measurement of the muon neutrino inclusive charged-current cross section in the energy range of 1–3 GeV with the T2K INGRID detector

The T2K collaboration Abe, K. ; Andreopoulos, C. ; Antonova, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 93 (2016) 072002, 2016.
Inspire Record 1394549 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.80058

We report a measurement of the $\nu_{\mu}$-nucleus inclusive charged current cross section (=$\sigma^{cc}$) on iron using data from exposed to the J-PARC neutrino beam. The detector consists of 14 modules in total, which are spread over a range of off-axis angles from 0$^\circ$ to 1.1$^\circ$. The variation in the neutrino energy spectrum as a function of the off-axis angle, combined with event topology information, is used to calculate this cross section as a function of neutrino energy. The cross section is measured to be $\sigma^{cc}(1.1\text{ GeV}) = 1.10 \pm 0.15$ $(10^{-38}\text{cm}^2/\text{nucleon})$, $\sigma^{cc}(2.0\text{ GeV}) = 2.07 \pm 0.27$ $(10^{-38}\text{cm}^2/\text{nucleon})$, and $\sigma^{cc}(3.3\text{ GeV}) = 2.29 \pm 0.45$ $(10^{-38}\text{cm}^2/\text{nucleon})$, at energies of 1.1, 2.0, and 3.3 GeV, respectively. These results are consistent with the cross section calculated by the neutrino interaction generators currently used by T2K. More importantly, the method described here opens up a new way to determine the energy dependence of neutrino-nucleus cross sections.

1 data table

Results of the $\nu_{\mu}$ CC inclusive cross section on Fe.


Transverse energy production and charged-particle multiplicity at midrapidity in various systems from $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=7.7$ to 200 GeV

The PHENIX collaboration Adare, A. ; Afanasiev, S. ; Aidala, C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 93 (2016) 024901, 2016.
Inspire Record 1394433 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.96601

Measurements of midrapidity charged particle multiplicity distributions, $dN_{\rm ch}/d\eta$, and midrapidity transverse-energy distributions, $dE_T/d\eta$, are presented for a variety of collision systems and energies. Included are distributions for Au$+$Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=200$, 130, 62.4, 39, 27, 19.6, 14.5, and 7.7 GeV, Cu$+$Cu collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=200$ and 62.4 GeV, Cu$+$Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=200$ GeV, U$+$U collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=193$ GeV, $d$$+$Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=200$ GeV, $^{3}$He$+$Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=200$ GeV, and $p$$+$$p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=200$ GeV. Centrality-dependent distributions at midrapidity are presented in terms of the number of nucleon participants, $N_{\rm part}$, and the number of constituent quark participants, $N_{q{\rm p}}$. For all $A$$+$$A$ collisions down to $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=7.7$ GeV, it is observed that the midrapidity data are better described by scaling with $N_{q{\rm p}}$ than scaling with $N_{\rm part}$. Also presented are estimates of the Bjorken energy density, $\varepsilon_{\rm BJ}$, and the ratio of $dE_T/d\eta$ to $dN_{\rm ch}/d\eta$, the latter of which is seen to be constant as a function of centrality for all systems.

28 data tables

Transverse energy in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV

Multiplicity in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV

Transverse energy in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 130 GeV

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Measurement of angular asymmetries in the decays $B \to K^*ℓ^+ℓ^-$

The BaBar collaboration Lees, J.P. ; Poireau, V. ; Tisserand, V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 93 (2016) 052015, 2016.
Inspire Record 1391152 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.75484

We study the lepton forward-backward asymmetry AFB and the longitudinal K* polarization FL, as well as an observable P2 derived from them, in the rare decays B->K*l+l-, where l+l- is either e+e- or mu+mu-, using the full sample of 471 million BBbar events collected at the Upsilon(4S) resonance with the Babar detector at the PEP-II e+e- collider. We separately fit and report results for the B+->K*+l+l- and B0->K*0l+l- final states, as well as their combination B->K*l+l-, in five disjoint dilepton mass-squared bins. An angular analysis of B+->K*+l+l- decays is presented here for the first time.

3 data tables

$F_L$ angular fit results.

$A_{FB}$ angular fit results.

$P_2$ results with total uncertainties.


Study of the $e^+e^-\to K^+K^-$ reaction in the energy range from 2.6 to 8.0 GeV

The BaBar collaboration Lees, J.P. ; Poireau, V. ; Tisserand, V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 92 (2015) 072008, 2015.
Inspire Record 1383130 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73784

The $e^+e^-\to K^+K^-$ cross section and charged-kaon electromagnetic form factor are measured in the $e^+e^-$ center-of-mass energy range ($E$) from 2.6 to 8.0 GeV using the initial-state radiation technique with an undetected photon. The study is performed using 469 fb$^{-1}$ of data collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II $e^+e^-$ collider at center-of-mass energies near 10.6 GeV. The form factor is found to decrease with energy faster than $1/E^2$, and approaches the asymptotic QCD prediction. Production of the $K^+K^-$ final state through the $J/\psi$ and $\psi(2S)$ intermediate states is observed. The results for the kaon form factor are used together with data from other experiments to perform a model-independent determination of the relative phases between single-photon and strong amplitudes in $J/\psi$ and $\psi(2S)\to K^+K^-$ decays. The values of the branching fractions measured in the reaction $e^+e^- \to K^+K^-$ are shifted relative to their true values due to interference between resonant and nonresonant amplitudes. The values of these shifts are determined to be about $\pm5\%$ for the $J/\psi$ meson and $\pm15\%$ for the $\psi(2S)$ meson.

1 data table

The $K^+K^-$ invariant-mass interval ($M_{K^+K^-}$), number of selected events ($N_{\rm sig}$) after background subtraction, detection efficiency ($\varepsilon$), ISR luminosity ($L$), measured $e^+e^-\to K^+K^-$ cross section ($\sigma_{K^+K^-}$), and the charged-kaon form factor ($|F_K|$). For the number of events and cross section. For the form factor, we quote the combined uncertainty. For the mass interval 7.5 - 8.0 GeV/$c^2$, the 90$\%$ CL upper limits for the cross section and form factor are listed.


Collins asymmetries in inclusive charged $KK$ and $K\pi$ pairs produced in $e^+e^-$ annihilation

The BaBar collaboration Lees, J.P. ; Poireau, V. ; Tisserand, V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 92 (2015) 111101, 2015.
Inspire Record 1377201 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73750

We present measurements of Collins asymmetries in the inclusive process $e^+e^- \rightarrow h_1 h_2 X$, $h_1h_2=KK,\, K\pi,\, \pi\pi$, at the center-of-mass energy of 10.6 GeV, using a data sample of 468 fb$^{-1}$ collected by the BaBar experiment at the PEP-II $B$ factory at SLAC National Accelerator Center. Considering hadrons in opposite thrust hemispheres of hadronic events, we observe clear azimuthal asymmetries in the ratio of unlike- to like-sign, and unlike- to all charged $h_1 h_2$ pairs, which increase with hadron energies. The $K\pi$ asymmetries are similar to those measured for the $\pi\pi$ pairs, whereas those measured for high-energy $KK$ pairs are, in general, larger.

6 data tables

Light quark ($uds$) Collins asymmetries obtained by fitting the U/L and U/C double ratios as a function of ($z_1$,$z_2$) for kaon pairs. In the first column, the $z$ bins and their respective mean values for the kaon in one hemisphere are reported; in the following column, the same variables for the second kaon are shown; in the third column the mean value of $\sin^2\theta_{th}/(1+\cos^2\theta_{th})$ is summarized, calculated in the RF12 frame; in the last two columns the asymmetry results are summarized. The mean values of the quantities reported in the table are calculated by summing the corresponding values for each $KK$ pair and dividing by the number of $KK$ pairs that fall into each ($z_1$,$z_2$) interval. Note that the $A^{UL}$ and $A^{UC}$ results are strongly correlated since they are obtained by using the same data set.

Light quark ($uds$) Collins asymmetries obtained by fitting the U/L and U/C double ratios as a function of ($z_1$,$z_2$) for kaon pairs. In the first column, the $z$ bins and their respective mean values for the kaon in one hemisphere are reported; in the following column, the same variables for the second kaon are shown; in the third column the mean value of $\sin^2\theta_{2}/(1+\cos^2\theta_{2})$ is summarized, calculated in the RF0 frame; in the last two columns the asymmetry results are summarized. The mean values of the quantities reported in the table are calculated by summing the corresponding values for each $KK$ pair and dividing by the number of $KK$ pairs that fall into each ($z_1$,$z_2$) interval. Note that the $A^{UL}$ and $A^{UC}$ results are strongly correlated since they are obtained by using the same data set.

Light quark ($uds$) Collins asymmetries obtained by fitting the U/L and U/C double ratios as a function of ($z_1$,$z_2$) for $K\pi$ hadron pairs. In the first column, the $z$ bins and their respective mean values for the hadron ($K$ or $\pi$) in one hemisphere are reported; in the following column, the same variables for the second hadron ($K$ or $\pi$) are shown; in the third column the mean value of $\sin^2\theta_{th}/(1+\cos^2\theta_{th})$ is summarized, calculated in the RF12 frame; in the last two columns the asymmetry results are summarized. The mean values of the quantities reported in the table are calculated by summing the corresponding values for each $K\pi$ pair and dividing by the number of $K\pi$ pairs that fall into each ($z_1$,$z_2$) interval. Note that the $A^{UL}$ and $A^{UC}$ results are strongly correlated since they are obtained by using the same data set.

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Search for the dark photon in $\pi^0$ decays

The NA48/2 collaboration Batley, J.R. ; Kalmus, G. ; Lazzeroni, C. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 746 (2015) 178-185, 2015.
Inspire Record 1357601 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.67658

A sample of $1.69\times 10^7$ fully reconstructed $\pi^0\to\gamma e^+e^-$ decay candidates collected by the NA48/2 experiment at CERN in 2003--2004 is analysed to search for the dark photon ($A'$) production in the $\pi^0\to\gamma A'$ decay followed by the prompt $A'\to e^+e^-$ decay. No signal is observed, and an exclusion region in the plane of the dark photon mass $m_{A'}$ and mixing parameter $\varepsilon^2$ is established. The obtained upper limits on $\varepsilon^2$ are more stringent than the previous limits in the mass range $9~{\rm MeV}/c^2<m_{A'}<70~{\rm MeV}/c^2$. The NA48/2 sensitivity to the dark photon production in the $K^\pm\to\pi^\pm A'$ decay is also evaluated.

1 data table

The obtained 90% CL upper limits (ULs) on the mixing parameter $\epsilon^2$ for each dark photon (DP) mass hypothesis tested.


Measurement of the Forward-Backward Asymmetry in $Λ_b^0$ and $\bar{Λ}_b^0$ Baryon Production in $p\bar{p}$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s}$=1.96 TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 91 (2015) 072008, 2015.
Inspire Record 1352125 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73327

We measure the forward-backward asymmetry in the production of $\Lambda_b^0$ and $\overline \Lambda_b^0$ baryons as a function of rapidity in $p \overline p $ collisions at $\sqrt s =1.96$ TeV using $10.4$ fb$^{-1}$ of data collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. The asymmetry is determined by the preference of $\Lambda_b^0$ or $\overline \Lambda_b^0$ particles to be produced in the direction of the beam protons or antiprotons, respectively. The measured asymmetry integrated over rapidity $y$ in the range $0.1<|y|<2$ is $A=0.04 \pm 0.07 {\rm (stat)} \pm 0.02 {\rm (syst)}$.

1 data table

Efficiencies $\epsilon$, averaged values of background-subtracted transverse momenta $\left< p_T\right>$, backward and forward fitted yields for the signal $N(B)$ and $N(F)$, forward-backward asymmetries $A$, and cross-section ratios $R$ in four intervals of rapidity. Uncertainties on $\left< p_T\right>$, $N(B)$ and $N(F)$ are statistical only. Uncertainties on $\epsilon$ arise from the statistical precision of the simulated event samples.


Measurement of the $W+b$-jet and $W+c$-jet differential production cross sections in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 743 (2015) 6-14, 2015.
Inspire Record 1334689 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73191

We present a measurement of the cross sections for the associated production of a $W$ boson with at least one heavy quark jet, $b$ or $c$, in proton-antiproton collisions. Data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 8.7 fb$^{-1}$ recorded with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron \ppbar Collider at $\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV are used to measure the cross sections differentially as a function of the jet transverse momenta in the range 20 to 150 GeV. These results are compared to calculations of perturbative QCD theory as well as predictions from Monte Carlo generators.

3 data tables

The $W + b$-jet production cross sections times $W \to \mu\nu$ branching fraction, ${\rm d}\sigma/{\rm d}p_T^{\rm jet}$.

The $W + c$-jet production cross sections times $W \to \mu\nu$ branching fraction, ${\rm d}\sigma/{\rm d}p_T^{\rm jet}$.

The $\sigma(W+c)/\sigma(W+b)$ cross section ratio in bins of $c(b)$-jet $p_T$.


Measurement of the electron charge asymmetry in $\boldsymbol{p\bar{p}\rightarrow W+X \rightarrow e\nu +X}$ decays in $\boldsymbol{p\bar{p}}$ collisions at $\boldsymbol{\sqrt{s}=1.96}$ TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 91 (2015) 032007, 2015.
Inspire Record 1333394 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73177

We present a measurement of the electron charge asymmetry in $p\bar{p}\rightarrow W+X \rightarrow e\nu +X$ events at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV, using data corresponding to 9.7~fb$^{-1}$ of integrated luminosity collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The asymmetry is measured as a function of the electron pseudorapidity and is presented in five kinematic bins based on the electron transverse energy and the missing transverse energy in the event. The measured asymmetry is compared with next-to-leading-order predictions in perturbative quantum chromodynamics and provides accurate information for the determination of parton distribution functions of the proton. This is the most precise lepton charge asymmetry measurement to date.

3 data tables

CP-folded electron charge asymmetry for data with $E_T^{e} > 25$ GeV multiplied by 100. $\langle|\eta^e|\rangle$ is the cross section weighted average of electron pseudorapidity in each bin from RESBOS with PHOTOS.

CP-folded electron charge asymmetry for data with $25 < E_T^{e} < 35$ GeV multiplied by 100. $\langle|\eta^e|\rangle$ is the cross section weighted average of electron pseudorapidity in each bin from RESBOS with PHOTOS.

CP-folded electron charge asymmetry for data with $E_T^{e} > 35$ GeV multiplied by 100. $\langle|\eta^e|\rangle$ is the cross section weighted average of electron pseudorapidity in each bin from RESBOS with PHOTOS.


Measurement of the ν$_μ$ charged-current quasielastic cross section on carbon with the ND280 detector at T2K

The T2K collaboration Abe, K. ; Adam, J. ; Aihara, H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 92 (2015) 112003, 2015.
Inspire Record 1329784 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.72875

The Charged-Current Quasi-Elastic (CCQE) interaction, $\nu_{l} + n \rightarrow l^{-} + p$, is the dominant CC process at $E_\nu \sim 1$ GeV and contributes to the signal in accelerator-based long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiments operating at intermediate neutrino energies. This paper reports a measurement by the T2K experiment of the $\nu_{\mu}$ CCQE cross section on a carbon target with the off-axis detector based on the observed distribution of muon momentum ($p_\mu$) and angle with respect to the incident neutrino beam ($\theta_\mu$). The flux-integrated CCQE cross section was measured to be $(0.83 \pm 0.12) \times 10^{-38}\textrm{ cm}^{2}$ in good agreement with NEUT MC value of ${0.88 \times 10^{-38}} \textrm{ cm}^{2}$. The energy dependence of the CCQE cross section is also reported. The axial mass, $M_A^{QE}$, of the dipole axial form factor was extracted assuming the Smith-Moniz CCQE model with a relativistic Fermi gas nuclear model. Using the absolute (shape-only) $p_{\mu}cos\theta_\mu$ distribution, the effective $M_A^{QE}$ parameter was measured to be ${1.26^{+0.21}_{-0.18} \textrm{ GeV}/c^{2}}$ (${1.43^{+0.28}_{-0.22} \textrm{ GeV}/c^{2}}$).

2 data tables

The measured CCQE energy-dependent cross section per target neutron.

The fractional covariance matrix corresponding to the errors shown in Figure 7.


Measurement of the $\phi^*_\eta$ distribution of muon pairs with masses between 30 and 500 GeV in 10.4 fb$^{-1}$ of $p\bar{p}$ collisions

The D0 collaboration Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 91 (2015) 072002, 2015.
Inspire Record 1324946 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.72484

We present a measurement of the distribution of the variable $\phi^*_\eta$ for muon pairs with masses between 30 and 500 GeV, using the complete Run II data set collected by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron proton-antiproton collider. This corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 10.4 fb$^{-1}$ at $\sqrt{s}$ = 1.96 TeV. The data are corrected for detector effects and presented in bins of dimuon rapidity and mass. The variable $\phi^*_\eta$ probes the same physical effects as the $Z/\gamma^*$ boson transverse momentum, but is less susceptible to the effects of experimental resolution and efficiency. These are the first measurements at any collider of the $\phi^*_\eta$ distributions for dilepton masses away from the $Z\rightarrow \ell^+\ell^-$ boson mass peak. The data are compared to QCD predictions based on the resummation of multiple soft gluons.

6 data tables

Table of results for the dimuon channel for $|y|<1$ region with $70 < M_{\ell\ell} < 110$ GeV. The first quoted uncertainty is statistical and the second is the total experimental systematic uncertainty.

Table of results for the dimuon channel for $1<|y|<2$ region with $70 < M_{\ell\ell} < 110$ GeV. The first quoted uncertainty is statistical and the second is the total experimental systematic uncertainty.

Table of results for the dimuon channel for $|y|<1$ region $30 < M_{\ell\ell} < 60$ GeV. The first quoted uncertainty is statistical and the second is the total experimental systematic uncertainty.

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Cross section and transverse single-spin asymmetry of $\eta$ mesons in $p^{\uparrow}+p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=200$ GeV at forward rapidity

The PHENIX collaboration Adare, A. ; Aidala, C. ; Ajitanand, N.N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 90 (2014) 072008, 2014.
Inspire Record 1300542 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64267

We present a measurement of the cross section and transverse single-spin asymmetry ($A_N$) for $\eta$ mesons at large pseudorapidity from $\sqrt{s}=200$~GeV $p^{\uparrow}+p$ collisions. The measured cross section for $0.5<p_T<5.0$~GeV/$c$ and $3.0<|\eta|<3.8$ is well described by a next-to-leading-order perturbative-quantum-chromodynamics calculation. The asymmetries $A_N$ have been measured as a function of Feynman-$x$ ($x_F$) from $0.2<|x_{F}|<0.7$, as well as transverse momentum ($p_T$) from $1.0<p_T<4.5$~GeV/$c$. The asymmetry averaged over positive $x_F$ is $\langle{A_{N}}\rangle=0.061{\pm}0.014$. The results are consistent with prior transverse single-spin measurements of forward $\eta$ and $\pi^{0}$ mesons at various energies in overlapping $x_F$ ranges. Comparison of different particle species can help to determine the origin of the large observed asymmetries in $p^{\uparrow}+p$ collisions.

4 data tables

The measured ETA meson cross section, E*D3(SIG)/DP**3, versus PT at forward rapidity. The statistical and systematic uncertainties are type-A and type-B uncertainties respectively.

ASYM(PEAK) and ASYM(BG) for ETA mesons measured as a function of XF in the range 0.3 < ABS(XF) < 0.7 from the 4X4B triggered dataset. The values represented are the weighted mean of the South and North MPC (Muon Piston Calorimeter). The uncertainties listed are statistical only.

ASYM for ETA mesons measured as a function of XF in the range 0.2 < ABS(XF) < 0.7. Uncertainties listed are those due to the statistics, the XF uncorrelated uncertainties due to extracting the yields, and the correlated relative luminosity uncertainty.

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Observation of $Z$ production in proton-lead collisions at LHCb

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, R. ; Adeva, B. ; Adinolfi, M. ; et al.
JHEP 09 (2014) 030, 2014.
Inspire Record 1300150 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64260

The first observation of $Z$ boson production in proton-lead collisions at a centre-of-mass energy per proton-nucleon pair of $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=5~\text{TeV}$ is presented. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of $1.6~\text{nb}^{-1}$ collected with the LHCb detector. The $Z$ candidates are reconstructed from pairs of oppositely charged muons with pseudorapidities between 2.0 and 4.5 and transverse momenta above $20~\text{GeV}/c$. The invariant dimuon mass is restricted to the range $60-120~\text{GeV}/c^2$. The $Z$ production cross-section is measured to be \begin{eqnarray*} \sigma_{Z\to\mu^+\mu^-}(\text{fwd})&=&13.5^{+5.4}_{-4.0}\text{(stat.)}\pm1.2\text{(syst.)}~\text{nb} \end{eqnarray*} in the direction of the proton beam and \begin{eqnarray*} \sigma_{Z\to\mu^+\mu^-}(\text{bwd}) & =&10.7^{+8.4}_{-5.1}\text{(stat.)}\pm1.0\text{(syst.)}~\text{nb} \end{eqnarray*} in the direction of the lead beam, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic.

2 data tables

The measured Z production cross-sections in proton-lead collisions, measured in the fiducial region defined in the table, in the forward and backward directions. The statistical uncertainty is defined as the 68% confidence interval with symmetric coverage assuming that the number of candidates follows a Poisson distribution.

The forward-backward ratio measured in the overlap region 2.5 < ABS(YRAP) < 4.0. The first uncertainty is statistical, defined as the 68% confidence interval with symmetric coverage. The second uncertainty is systematic and includes the uncertainty on the acceptance correction factor, BETA, for the difference in the detector acceptance of the muons between the forward and backward directions.


Measurement of the Differential $\gamma+2~b$-Jet Cross Section and the Ratio $\sigma$($\gamma+2~b$-jets)/$\sigma$($\gamma+b$-jet) in $p\bar{p}$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 1.96 TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 737 (2014) 357-365, 2014.
Inspire Record 1296263 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64151

We present the first measurements of the differential cross section $d\sigma/dp_{T}^{\gamma}$ for the production of an isolated photon in association with at least two $b$-quark jets. The measurements consider photons with rapidities $|y^\gamma| < 1.0$ and transverse momenta $30 < p_{T}^{\gamma} < 200$~\GeV. The $b$-quark jets are required to have $p_T^{jet}>15$ GeV and $| y^{jet}| < 1.5$. The ratio of differential production cross sections for $\gamma+2~b$-jets to $\gamma+b$-jet as a function of $p_{T}^{\gamma}$ is also presented. The results are based on the proton-antiproton collision data at $\sqrt{s}=$1.96~\TeV collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The measured cross sections and their ratios are compared to the next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations as well as predictions based on the $k_{T}$-factorization approach and those from the SHERPA and PYTHIA Monte Carlo event generators.

3 data tables

The differential GAMMA+2BJET production cross section, DSIG/DPT(GAMMA), in bins of PT(GAMMA).

The differential GAMMA+BJET production cross section, DSIG/DPT(GAMMA), in bins of PT(GAMMA).

The SIG(GAMMA 2BJET)/SIG(GAMMA BJET) cross section ratio in bins of PT(GAMMA).


Exclusive ${\pi}^0$ electroproduction at $W>2$ GeV with CLAS

The CLAS collaboration Bedlinskiy, I. ; Kubarovsky, V. ; Niccolai, S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 90 (2014) 025205, 2014.
Inspire Record 1294143 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64122

Exclusive neutral-pion electroproduction ($ep\to e^\prime p^\prime \pi^0$) was measured at Jefferson Lab with a 5.75-GeV electron beam and the CLAS detector. Differential cross sections $d^4\sigma/dtdQ^2dx_Bd\phi_\pi$ and structure functions $\sigma_T+\epsilon\sigma_L, \sigma_{TT}$ and $\sigma_{LT}$ as functions of $t$ were obtained over a wide range of $Q^2$ and $x_B$. The data are compared with Regge and handbag theoretical calculations. Analyses in both frameworks find that a large dominance of transverse processes is necessary to explain the experimental results. For the Regge analysis it is found that the inclusion of vector meson rescattering processes is necessary to bring the magnitude of the calculated and measured structure functions into rough agreement. In the handbag framework, there are two independent calculations, both of which appear to roughly explain the magnitude of the structure functions in terms of transversity generalized parton distributions.

18 data tables

The structure functions for Q**2 = 1.14 - 1.16 GeV**2 and XB = 0.131 - 0.133 as functions of t.

The structure functions for Q**2 = 1.38 GeV**2 and XB = 0.169 - 0.170 as functions of t.

The structure functions for Q**2 = 1.61 GeV**2 and XB = 0.186 - 0.187 as functions of t.

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Measurement of the Forward-Backward Asymmetry in Top Quark-Antiquark Production in $p\bar{p}$ Collisions using the Lepton+Jets Channel

The D0 collaboration Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 90 (2014) 072011, 2014.
Inspire Record 1293918 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64123

We present a measurement of the forward--backward asymmetry in top quark-antiquark production using the full Tevatron Run II dataset collected by the D0 experiment at Fermilab. The measurement is performed in lepton+jets final states using a new kinematic fitting algorithm for events with four or more jets and a new partial reconstruction algorithm for events with only three jets. Corrected for detector acceptance and resolution effects, the asymmetry is evaluated to be 10.6+-3.0 %. Results are consistent with the standard model predictions which range from 5.0% to 8.8%. We also present the dependence of the asymmetry on the invariant mass of the top quark--antiquark system and the difference in rapidities of top quark and antiquark.

2 data tables

Production-level forward-backward asymmetry as a function of the absolute difference in rapidity of the top quark and antiquark. The measured values are calibrated and listed with their total uncertainties. The theoretical predictions are based on MC@NLO simulation.

Production-level forward-backward asymmetry as a function of the invariant mass of the top quark-antiquark system. The measured values are calibrated and listed with their total uncertainties. The theoretical predictions are based on MC@NLO simulation.