Measurement of charged pion double spin asymmetries at midrapidity in longitudinally polarized $p+p$ collisions at $\sqrt {s}$ = 510 GeV

The PHENIX collaboration Acharya, U.A. ; Adare, A. ; Aidala, C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 102 (2020) 032001, 2020.
Inspire Record 1789851 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.95883

The PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider has measured the longitudinal double spin asymmetries, $A_{LL}$, for charged pions at midrapidity ($|\eta|<0.35$) in longitudinally polarized $p+p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=510$ GeV. These measurements are sensitive to the gluon spin contribution to the total spin of the proton in the parton momentum fraction $x$ range between 0.04 and 0.09. One can infer the sign of the gluon polarization from the ordering of pion asymmetries with charge alone. The asymmetries are found to be consistent with global quantum-chromodynamics fits of deep-inelastic scattering and data at $\sqrt{s}=200$ GeV, which show a nonzero positive contribution of gluon spin to the proton spin.

1 data table

Double-spin asymmetries $A_{LL}$ as a function of transverse momentum for positive and negative pions.


Study of the process $e^+e^-\to\omega\eta\pi^0$ in the energy range $\sqrt{s} <2$ GeV with the SND detector

Achasov, M.N. ; Aulchenko, V.M. ; Barnyakov, A.Yu. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 94 (2016) 032010, 2016.
Inspire Record 1471515 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.82577

The process $e^+e^-\to\omega\eta\pi^0$ is studied in the energy range $1.45-2.00$ GeV using data with an integrated luminosity of 33 pb$^{-1}$ accumulated by the SND detector at the $e^+e^-$ collider VEPP-2000. The $e^+e^-\to\omega\eta\pi^0$ cross section is measured for the first time. The cross section has a threshold near 1.75 GeV. Its value is about 2 nb in the energy range $1.8-2.0$ GeV. The dominant intermediate state for the process $e^+e^- \to \omega\eta\pi^0$ is found to be $\omega a_0(980)$.

1 data table

The energy interval, integrated luminosity ($L$), number of selected events ($N$), estimated number of background events ($N_{bkg}$), detection efficiency for $e^+e^-\to\omega\eta\pi^0\to 7\gamma$ events ($\epsilon$), radiative correction ($\delta+1$), and $e^+e^-\to\omega\eta\pi^0$ Born cross section ($\sigma$). The shown cross-section errors are statistical. The systematic error is 4.2%. The 90% confidence level upper limits are listed for the first two energy intervals.


Study of the process $e^+ e^- \to K^0_{S}K^0_{L}$ in the center-of-mass energy range 1004--1060 MeV with the CMD-3 detector at the VEPP-2000 $e^+ e^-$ collider

The CMD-3 collaboration Kozyrev, E.A. ; Solodov, E.P. ; Amirkhanov, A.N. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 760 (2016) 314-319, 2016.
Inspire Record 1444990 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.78538

The $e^+ e^- \to K^0_{S}K^0_{L}$ cross section has been measured in the center-of-mass energy range 1004--1060 MeV at 25 energy points using $6.1 \times 10^5$ events with $K^0_{S}\to \pi^+\pi^-$ decay. The analysis is based on 5.9 pb$^{-1}$ of an integrated luminosity collected with the CMD-3 detector at the VEPP-2000 $e^+ e^-$ collider. To obtain $\phi(1020)$ meson parameters the measured cross section is approximated according to the Vector Meson Dominance model as a sum of the $\rho, \omega, \phi$-like amplitudes and their excitations. This is the most precise measurement of the $e^+ e^- \to K^0_{S}K^0_{L}$ cross section with a 1.8\% systematic uncertainty.

1 data table

The c.m. energy $E_{\rm c.m.}$, number of selected signal events $N$, detection efficiency $\epsilon_{\rm MC}$, radiative-correction factor 1 + $\delta_{\rm rad.}$, integrated luminosity $L$, and Born cross section $\sigma$ of the process $e^+ e^- \to K^0_{S}K^0_{L}$.


Study of the reaction $e^+e^- \to \pi^0\gamma$ with the SND detector at the VEPP-2M collider

The SND collaboration Achasov, M.N. ; Beloborodov, K.I. ; Berdyugin, A.V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 93 (2016) 092001, 2016.
Inspire Record 1418483 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77047

The process $e^+e^- \to \pi^0\gamma$ has been studied in the experiment with the SND detector at the VEPP-2M $e^+e^-$ collider. The $e^+e^- \to \pi^0\gamma$ cross section has been measured in the center-of-mass energy range from 0.60 to 1.38 GeV. The cross section is well described by the vector meson dominance model. From the fit to the cross section data we have determined the branching fractions $B(\rho\to\pi^0\gamma)=(4.20\pm0.52)\times10^{-4}$, $B(\omega\to\pi^0\gamma)=(8.88\pm0.18)\%$, $B(\phi\to\pi^0\gamma)=(1.367\pm0.072)\times10^{-3}$, and the relative phase between the $\rho$ and $\omega$ amplitudes $\varphi_{\rho}=(-12.7\pm4.5)^\circ$. Our data on the process $e^+e^- \to \pi^0\gamma$ are the most accurate to date.

1 data table

The c.m.energy ($E$), integrated luminosity ($L$), detection efficiency ($\varepsilon$), number of selected signal events ($N_{\rm sig}$), radiative-correction factor ($1+\delta$), measured Born cross section ($\sigma$). For the cross section the first error is statistical, the second is systematic.


Inclusive production of pions by protons in nuclei at low energies

Guber, F.F. ; Kazarnovskii, M.V. ; Krasnov, V.A. ; et al.
JETP Lett. 31 (1980) 656, 1980.
Inspire Record 1408595 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.70448
3 data tables

No description provided.

No description provided.

No description provided.


Measurement of the I=1/2 $K \pi$ $\mathcal{S}$-wave amplitude from Dalitz plot analyses of $\eta_c \to K \bar K \pi$ in two-photon interactions

The BaBar collaboration Lees, J.P. ; Poireau, V. ; Tisserand, V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 93 (2016) 012005, 2016.
Inspire Record 1403544 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.76968

We study the processes $\gamma \gamma \to K^0_S K^{\pm}\pi^{\mp}$ and $\gamma \gamma \to K^+ K^- \pi^0$ using a data sample of 519~$fb^{-1}$ recorded with the BaBar detector operating at the SLAC PEP-II asymmetric-energy $e^+ e^-$ collider at center-of-mass energies at and near the $\Upsilon(nS)$ ($n = 2,3,4$) resonances. We observe $\eta_c$ decays to both final states and perform Dalitz plot analyses using a model-independent partial wave analysis technique. This allows a model-independent measurement of the mass-dependence of the $I=1/2$ $K \pi$ $\mathcal{S}$-wave amplitude and phase. A comparison between the present measurement and those from previous experiments indicates similar behaviour for the phase up to a mass of 1.5 $GeV/c^2$. In contrast, the amplitudes show very marked differences. The data require the presence of a new $a_0(1950)$ resonance with parameters $m=1931 \pm 14 \pm 22 \ MeV/c^2$ and $\Gamma=271 \pm 22 \pm 29 \ MeV$.

2 data tables

Measured amplitude and phase values for the $I=1/2$ $K \pi$ $\mathcal{S}$-wave as functions of mass obtained from the Model Independent Partial Wave Analysis (MIPWA) of $\eta_c \to K^0_{\scriptscriptstyle S} K^{\pm}\pi^{\mp}$. The amplitudes and phases in the mass interval 14 are fixed to constant values.

Measured amplitude and phase values for the $I=1/2$ $K \pi$ $\mathcal{S}$-wave as functions of mass obtained from the Model Independent Partial Wave Analysis (MIPWA) of $\eta_c \to K^+ K^- \pi^0$. The amplitudes and phases in the mass interval 14 are fixed to constant values.


Measurement of $R_{\text{uds}}$ and $R$ between 3.12 and 3.72 GeV at the KEDR detector

Anashin, V.V. ; Aulchenko, V.M. ; Baldin, E.M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 753 (2016) 533-541, 2016.
Inspire Record 1397002 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.76727

Using the KEDR detector at the VEPP-4M $e^+e^-$ collider, we have measured the values of $R_{\text{uds}}$ and $R$ at seven points of the center-of-mass energy between 3.12 and 3.72 GeV. The total achieved accuracy is about or better than $3.3\%$ at most of energy points with a systematic uncertainty of about $2.1\%$. At the moment it is the most accurate measurement of $R(s)$ in this energy range.

1 data table

Measured values of $R_{\rm{uds}}(s)$ and $R(s)$ with statistical and systematic uncertainties.


Measurement of the $e^+e^- \to K^+K^-\pi^+\pi^-$ cross section with the CMD-3 detector at the VEPP-2000 collider

Shemyakin, D.N. ; Fedotovich, G.V. ; Akhmetshin, R.R. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 756 (2016) 153-160, 2016.
Inspire Record 1395968 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.76553

The process $e^+e^- \to K^+K^-\pi^+\pi^-$ has been studied in the center-of-mass energy range from 1500 to 2000\,MeV using a data sample of 23 pb$^{-1}$ collected with the CMD-3 detector at the VEPP-2000 $e^+e^-$ collider. Using about 24000 selected events, the $e^+e^- \to K^+K^-\pi^+\pi^-$ cross section has been measured with a systematic uncertainty decreasing from 11.7\% at 1500-1600\,MeV to 6.1\% above 1800\,MeV. A preliminary study of $K^+K^-\pi^+\pi^-$ production dynamics has been performed.

1 data table

Center-of-mass energy, integrated luminosity, number of four-track events, number of three-track events, detection efficiency, radiative correction and Born cross section of the process $e^{+}e^{-} \to K^{+} K^{-} \pi^{+} \pi^{-}$. Errors are statistical only.


Observation of correlations between $\pi^{-}$ and proton multiplicities in inelastic collisions of $p$, $d$, He, and C with tantalum nuclei at 2-10 GeV/c per nucleon

Angelov, N. ; Armutlyski, D. ; Akhababyan, N.O. ; et al.
Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 32 (1980) 819-823, 1980.
Inspire Record 1392856 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.17891
5 data tables

No description provided.

No description provided.

No description provided.

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Measurement of the $K_L$ nuclear interaction length in the NaI(Tl) calorimeter

Achasov, M.N. ; Beloborodov, K.I. ; Berdyugin, A.V. ; et al.
JINST 10 (2015) P09006, 2015.
Inspire Record 1392011 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.69471

In the study of the reaction $e^+e^-\to K_{S}K_{L}$ at the VEPP-2M $e^+e^-$ collider with the SND detector the nuclear interaction length of $K_{L}$ meson in NaI(Tl) has been measured. Its value is found to be 30--50 cm in the $K_{L}$ momentum range 0.11--0.48 GeV/$c$. The results are compared with the values used in the simulation programs GEANT4 and UNIMOD.

1 data table

The energy interval ($\sqrt{s}$), integrated luminosity ($IL$), number of selected events ($N$), number of background events ($N_{\rm bkg}$), number of events with five or more photons ($N_{5\gamma}$, $N_{5\gamma,{\rm bkg}}$), and the measured $K_L$ nuclear interaction length in NaI(Tl) ($\lambda_{\rm int}$).


Measurement of angular asymmetries in the decays $B \to K^*ℓ^+ℓ^-$

The BaBar collaboration Lees, J.P. ; Poireau, V. ; Tisserand, V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 93 (2016) 052015, 2016.
Inspire Record 1391152 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.75484

We study the lepton forward-backward asymmetry AFB and the longitudinal K* polarization FL, as well as an observable P2 derived from them, in the rare decays B->K*l+l-, where l+l- is either e+e- or mu+mu-, using the full sample of 471 million BBbar events collected at the Upsilon(4S) resonance with the Babar detector at the PEP-II e+e- collider. We separately fit and report results for the B+->K*+l+l- and B0->K*0l+l- final states, as well as their combination B->K*l+l-, in five disjoint dilepton mass-squared bins. An angular analysis of B+->K*+l+l- decays is presented here for the first time.

3 data tables

$F_L$ angular fit results.

$A_{FB}$ angular fit results.

$P_2$ results with total uncertainties.


Transverse-target-spin asymmetry in exclusive $\omega$-meson electroproduction

The HERMES collaboration Airapetian, A. ; Akopov, N. ; Akopov, Z. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 75 (2015) 600, 2015.
Inspire Record 1391139 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.75465

Hard exclusive electroproduction of $\omega$ mesons is studied with the HERMES spectrometer at the DESY laboratory by scattering 27.6 GeV positron and electron beams off a transversely polarized hydrogen target. The amplitudes of five azimuthal modulations of the single-spin asymmetry of the cross section with respect to the transverse proton polarization are measured. They are determined in the entire kinematic region as well as for two bins in photon virtuality and momentum transfer to the nucleon. Also, a separation of asymmetry amplitudes into longitudinal and transverse components is done. These results are compared to a phenomenological model that includes the pion pole contribution. Within this model, the data favor a positive $\pi\omega$ transition form factor.

4 data tables

The amplitudes of the five sine and two cosine modulations as determined in the entire kinematic region. The results receive an additional 8.2% scale uncertainty corresponding to the target-polarization uncertainty.

The definition of intervals and the mean values of the kinematic variables.

Results on the kinematic dependences of the five asymmetry amplitudes $A_{UT}$ and two amplitudes $A_{UU}$. The first two columns correspond to the $-t'$ intervals $0.00 - 0.07 - 0.20$ GeV$^2$ and the last two columns to the $Q^{2}$ intervals $1.00 - 1.85 - 10.00$ GeV$^2$. The results receive an additional 8.2% scale uncertainty corresponding to the target-polarization uncertainty.

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Study of the process $e^+e^-\to p\bar{p}$ in the c.m. energy range from threshold to 2 GeV with the CMD-3 detector

The CMD-3 collaboration Akhmetshin, R.R. ; Amirkhanov, A.N. ; Anisenkov, A.V. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 759 (2016) 634-640, 2016.
Inspire Record 1385598 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73805

Using a data sample of 6.8 pb$^{-1}$ collected with the CMD-3 detector at the VEPP-2000 $e^+e^-$ collider we select about 2700 events of the $e^+e^- \to p\bar{p}$ process and measure its cross section at 12 energy ponts with about 6\% systematic uncertainty. From the angular distribution of produced nucleons we obtain the ratio $|G_{E}/G_{M}| = 1.49 \pm 0.23 \pm 0.30$.

2 data tables

The c.m. energy, beam energy shift, luminosity, number of selected $e^+e^- \to p\bar{p}$ events, detection efficiency, radiative correction, and cross section with statistical and systematic errors. The data for collinear type events.

The c.m. energy, luminosity, number of signal events, fraction of antiprotons stopped in beam pipe and DC inner shell, efficiency, cross section with statistical and systematic errors, for annihilation events.


Study of the $e^+e^-\to K^+K^-$ reaction in the energy range from 2.6 to 8.0 GeV

The BaBar collaboration Lees, J.P. ; Poireau, V. ; Tisserand, V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 92 (2015) 072008, 2015.
Inspire Record 1383130 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73784

The $e^+e^-\to K^+K^-$ cross section and charged-kaon electromagnetic form factor are measured in the $e^+e^-$ center-of-mass energy range ($E$) from 2.6 to 8.0 GeV using the initial-state radiation technique with an undetected photon. The study is performed using 469 fb$^{-1}$ of data collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II $e^+e^-$ collider at center-of-mass energies near 10.6 GeV. The form factor is found to decrease with energy faster than $1/E^2$, and approaches the asymptotic QCD prediction. Production of the $K^+K^-$ final state through the $J/\psi$ and $\psi(2S)$ intermediate states is observed. The results for the kaon form factor are used together with data from other experiments to perform a model-independent determination of the relative phases between single-photon and strong amplitudes in $J/\psi$ and $\psi(2S)\to K^+K^-$ decays. The values of the branching fractions measured in the reaction $e^+e^- \to K^+K^-$ are shifted relative to their true values due to interference between resonant and nonresonant amplitudes. The values of these shifts are determined to be about $\pm5\%$ for the $J/\psi$ meson and $\pm15\%$ for the $\psi(2S)$ meson.

1 data table

The $K^+K^-$ invariant-mass interval ($M_{K^+K^-}$), number of selected events ($N_{\rm sig}$) after background subtraction, detection efficiency ($\varepsilon$), ISR luminosity ($L$), measured $e^+e^-\to K^+K^-$ cross section ($\sigma_{K^+K^-}$), and the charged-kaon form factor ($|F_K|$). For the number of events and cross section. For the form factor, we quote the combined uncertainty. For the mass interval 7.5 - 8.0 GeV/$c^2$, the 90$\%$ CL upper limits for the cross section and form factor are listed.


Collins asymmetries in inclusive charged $KK$ and $K\pi$ pairs produced in $e^+e^-$ annihilation

The BaBar collaboration Lees, J.P. ; Poireau, V. ; Tisserand, V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 92 (2015) 111101, 2015.
Inspire Record 1377201 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73750

We present measurements of Collins asymmetries in the inclusive process $e^+e^- \rightarrow h_1 h_2 X$, $h_1h_2=KK,\, K\pi,\, \pi\pi$, at the center-of-mass energy of 10.6 GeV, using a data sample of 468 fb$^{-1}$ collected by the BaBar experiment at the PEP-II $B$ factory at SLAC National Accelerator Center. Considering hadrons in opposite thrust hemispheres of hadronic events, we observe clear azimuthal asymmetries in the ratio of unlike- to like-sign, and unlike- to all charged $h_1 h_2$ pairs, which increase with hadron energies. The $K\pi$ asymmetries are similar to those measured for the $\pi\pi$ pairs, whereas those measured for high-energy $KK$ pairs are, in general, larger.

6 data tables

Light quark ($uds$) Collins asymmetries obtained by fitting the U/L and U/C double ratios as a function of ($z_1$,$z_2$) for kaon pairs. In the first column, the $z$ bins and their respective mean values for the kaon in one hemisphere are reported; in the following column, the same variables for the second kaon are shown; in the third column the mean value of $\sin^2\theta_{th}/(1+\cos^2\theta_{th})$ is summarized, calculated in the RF12 frame; in the last two columns the asymmetry results are summarized. The mean values of the quantities reported in the table are calculated by summing the corresponding values for each $KK$ pair and dividing by the number of $KK$ pairs that fall into each ($z_1$,$z_2$) interval. Note that the $A^{UL}$ and $A^{UC}$ results are strongly correlated since they are obtained by using the same data set.

Light quark ($uds$) Collins asymmetries obtained by fitting the U/L and U/C double ratios as a function of ($z_1$,$z_2$) for kaon pairs. In the first column, the $z$ bins and their respective mean values for the kaon in one hemisphere are reported; in the following column, the same variables for the second kaon are shown; in the third column the mean value of $\sin^2\theta_{2}/(1+\cos^2\theta_{2})$ is summarized, calculated in the RF0 frame; in the last two columns the asymmetry results are summarized. The mean values of the quantities reported in the table are calculated by summing the corresponding values for each $KK$ pair and dividing by the number of $KK$ pairs that fall into each ($z_1$,$z_2$) interval. Note that the $A^{UL}$ and $A^{UC}$ results are strongly correlated since they are obtained by using the same data set.

Light quark ($uds$) Collins asymmetries obtained by fitting the U/L and U/C double ratios as a function of ($z_1$,$z_2$) for $K\pi$ hadron pairs. In the first column, the $z$ bins and their respective mean values for the hadron ($K$ or $\pi$) in one hemisphere are reported; in the following column, the same variables for the second hadron ($K$ or $\pi$) are shown; in the third column the mean value of $\sin^2\theta_{th}/(1+\cos^2\theta_{th})$ is summarized, calculated in the RF12 frame; in the last two columns the asymmetry results are summarized. The mean values of the quantities reported in the table are calculated by summing the corresponding values for each $K\pi$ pair and dividing by the number of $K\pi$ pairs that fall into each ($z_1$,$z_2$) interval. Note that the $A^{UL}$ and $A^{UC}$ results are strongly correlated since they are obtained by using the same data set.

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Measurement of the $e^+e^- \to \eta\pi^+\pi^-$ cross section in the center-of-mass energy range 1.22-2.00 GeV with the SND detector at the VEPP-2000 collider

The SND collaboration Aulchenko, V.M. ; Achasov, M.N. ; Barnyakov, A.Yu. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 91 (2015) 052013, 2015.
Inspire Record 1332929 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73176

In the experiment with the SND detector at the VEPP-2000 $e^+e^-$ collider the cross section for the process $e^+e^-\to\eta\pi^+\pi^-$ has been measured in the center-of-mass energy range from 1.22 to 2.00 GeV. Obtained results are in agreement with previous measurements and have better accuracy. The energy dependence of the $e^+e^-\to\eta\pi^+\pi^-$ cross section has been fitted with the vector-meson dominance model. From this fit the product of the branching fractions $B(\rho(1450)\to\eta\pi^+\pi^-)B(\rho(1450)\to e^+e^-)$ has been extracted and compared with the same products for $\rho(1450)\to\omega\pi^0$ and $\rho(1450)\to\pi^+\pi^-$ decays. The obtained cross section data have been also used to test the conservation of vector current hypothesis.

1 data table

The c.m. energy ($\sqrt{s}$), integrated luminosity ($L$), detection efficiency ($\varepsilon$), number of selected signal events ($N$), radiative-correction factor ($1 + \delta$), measured $e^+e^- \to \eta \pi^+\pi^-$ Born cross section ($\sigma_B$). For the number of events and cross section the statistical error is quoted. The systematic uncertainty on the cross section is 8.3% at $\sqrt{s}<1.45$ GeV, 5.0% at $1.45<\sqrt{s}<1.60$ GeV, and 7.8% at $\sqrt{s}>1.60$ GeV.


Study of the process $e^+e^-\to n\bar{n}$ at the VEPP-2000 $e^+e^-$ collider with the SND detector

Achasov, M.N. ; Barnyakov, A.Yu. ; Beloborodov, K.I. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 90 (2014) 112007, 2014.
Inspire Record 1321689 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.71416

The process $e^+e^-\to n\bar{n}$ has been studied at the VEPP-2000 $e^+e^-$ collider with the SND detector in the energy range from threshold up to 2 GeV. As a result of the experiment, the $e^+e^-\to n\bar{n}$ cross section and effective neutron form factor have been measured.

2 data tables

The $e^+e^-\to n\bar{n}$ cross section ($\sigma_{n\bar{n}}$) and neutron effective form factor ($F_n$) measured in 2011. The quoted errors are statistical. The systematic error is 17$\%$ for the cross section and 9$\%$ for the form factor.

The $e^+e^-\to n\bar{n}$ cross section ($\sigma_{n\bar{n}}$) and neutron effective form factor ($F_n$) measured in 2012. The quoted errors are statistical. The systematic error is 17$\%$ for the cross section and 9$\%$ for the form factor. NOTE: corrected an apparent typo in paper for second-last data point (1990 $\to$ 1960) to make the numbers consistent with the plot in Figure 9.


Spin density matrix elements in exclusive $\omega$ electroproduction on $^1$H and $^2$H targets at 27.5 GeV beam energy

The HERMES collaboration Airapetian, A. ; Akopov, N. ; Akopov, Z. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 74 (2014) 3110, 2014.
Inspire Record 1305286 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.70751

Exclusive electroproduction of $\omega$ mesons on unpolarized hydrogen and deuterium targets is studied in the kinematic region of Q$^2$>1.0 GeV$^2$, 3.0 GeV < W < 6.3 GeV, and -t'< 0.2 GeV$^2$. Results on the angular distribution of the $\omega$ meson, including its decay products, are presented. The data were accumulated with the HERMES forward spectrometer during the 1996-2007 running period using the 27.6 GeV longitudinally polarized electron or positron beam of HERA. The determination of the virtual-photon longitudinal-to-transverse cross-section ratio reveals that a considerable part of the cross section arises from transversely polarized photons. Spin density matrix elements are presented in projections of Q$^2$ or -t'. Violation of s-channel helicity conservation is observed for some of these elements. A sizable contribution from unnatural-parity-exchange amplitudes is found and the phase shift between those amplitudes that describe transverse $\omega$ production by longitudinal and transverse virtual photons, $\gamma^{*}_{L} \to \omega_{T}$ and $\gamma^{*}_{T} \to \omega_{T}$, is determined for the first time. A hierarchy of helicity amplitudes is established, which mainly means that the unnatural-parity-exchange amplitude describing the $\gamma^*_T \to \omega_T$ transition dominates over the two natural-parity-exchange amplitudes describing the $\gamma^*_L \to \omega_L$ and $\gamma^*_T \to \omega_T$ transitions, with the latter two being of similar magnitude. Good agreement is found between the HERMES proton data and results of a pQCD-inspired phenomenological model that includes pion-pole contributions, which are of unnatural parity.

9 data tables

The 23 unpolarized and polarized $\omega$ SDMEs from the proton and deuteron data.

The 23 unpolarized and polarized $\omega$ SDMEs for the proton data in $Q^2$ intervals: $1.00 - 1.57 - 2.55 - 10.00$ GeV$^2$.

The 23 unpolarized and polarized $\omega$ SDMEs for the proton data in $-t'$ intervals: $0.000 - 0.044 - 0.105 - 0.200$ GeV$^2$.

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Cross sections for the reactions $e^+ e^-\to K_S^0 K_L^0$, $K_S^0 K_L^0 \pi^+\pi^-$, $K_S^0 K_S^0 \pi^+\pi^-$, and $K_S^0 K_S^0 K^+K^-$ from events with initial-state radiation

The BaBar collaboration Lees, J.P. ; Poireau, V. ; Tisserand, V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 89 (2014) 092002, 2014.
Inspire Record 1287920 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64506

We study the processes $e^+ e^-\to K_S^0 K_L^0 \gamma$, $K_S^0 K_L^0 \pi^+\pi^-\gamma$, $K_S^0 K_S^0 \pi^+\pi^-\gamma$, and $K_S^0 K_S^0 K^+K^-\gamma$, where the photon is radiated from the initial state, providing cross section measurements for the hadronic states over a continuum of center-of-mass energies. The results are based on 469 fb$^{-1}$ of data collected with the BaBar detector at SLAC. We observe the $\phi(1020)$ resonance in the $K_S^0 K_L^0$ final state and measure the product of its electronic width and branching fraction with about 3% uncertainty. We present a measurement of the $e^+ e^-\to K_S^0 K_L^0 $ cross section in the energy range from 1.06 to 2.2 GeV and observe the production of a resonance at 1.67 GeV. We present the first measurements of the $e^+ e^-\to K_S^0 K_L^0 \pi^+\pi^-$, $K_S^0 K_S^0 \pi^+\pi^-$, and $K_S^0 K_S^0 K^+K^-$ cross sections, and study the intermediate resonance structures. We obtain the first observations of \jpsi decay to the $K_S^0 K_L^0 \pi^+\pi^-$, $K_S^0 K_S^0 \pi^+\pi^-$, and $K_S^0 K_S^0 K^+K^-$ final states.

22 data tables

Cross section measurement for PHI(1020).

Mass measurement for PHI(1020).

Measurement of the PHI(1020) width.

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Antideuteron production in $\Upsilon(nS)$ decays and in $e^+e^- \to q\bar{q}$ at $\sqrt{s} \approx 10.58$ GeV

The BaBar collaboration Lees, J.P. ; Poireau, V. ; Tisserand, V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 89 (2014) 111102, 2014.
Inspire Record 1286317 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64605

We present measurements of the inclusive production of antideuterons in $e^+e^-$ annihilation into hadrons at $\approx 10.58 \mathrm{\,Ge\kern -0.1em V}$ center-of-mass energy and in $\Upsilon(1S,2S,3S)$ decays. The results are obtained using data collected by the BABAR detector at the PEP-II electron-positron collider. Assuming a fireball spectral shape for the emitted antideuteron momentum, we find $\mathcal{B}(\Upsilon(1S) \to \bar{d}X) = (2.81 \pm 0.49 \mathrm{(stat)} {}^{+0.20}_{-0.24} \mathrm{(syst)})/! \times /! 10^{-5}$, $\mathcal{B}(\Upsilon(2S) \to \bar{d}X) = (2.64 \pm 0.11 \mathrm{(stat)} {}^{+0.26}_{-0.21} \mathrm{(syst)})/! \times /! 10^{-5}$, $\mathcal{B}(\Upsilon(3S) \to \bar{d}X) = (2.33 \pm 0.15 \mathrm{(stat)} {}^{+0.31}_{-0.28} \mathrm{(syst)})/! \times /! 10^{-5}$, and $\sigma (e^+e^- \to \bar{d}X) = (9.63 \pm 0.41 \mathrm{(stat)} {}^{+1.17}_{-1.01} \mathrm{(syst)}) \mbox{\,fb}$.

5 data tables

The rate of antideuteron production from the decay of UPSILON(3S).

The rate of antideuteron production from the decay of UPSILON(2S).

The rate of antideuteron production from the decay of UPSILON(1S).

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Study of the process $e^+e^-\to\eta\gamma$ in the center-of-mass energy range 1.07--2.00 GeV

Achasov, M.N. ; Aulchenko, V.M. ; Barnyakov, A.Yu. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 90 (2014) 032002, 2014.
Inspire Record 1275333 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.62279

The $e^+e^-\to\eta\gamma$ cross section has been measured in the center-of-mass energy range 1.07--2.00 GeV using the decay mode $\eta\to 3\pi^0$, $\pi^0\to \gamma\gamma$. The analysis is based on 36 pb$^{-1}$ of integrated luminosity collected with the SND detector at the VEPP-2000 $e^+e^-$ collider. The measured cross section of about 35 pb at 1.5 GeV is explained by decays of the $\rho(1450)$ and $\phi(1680)$ resonances.

2 data tables

The energy interval and E+ E- --> ETA GAMMA Born cross section(SIG). The first error in the cross section is statistical, the second systematic. For the last two energy intervals, the upper limits at the 90 PCT confidence level are listed for the cross section.

The fitted values of the cross sections at the resonance peaks.


Production of charged pions, kaons, and protons in $e^+e^-$ annihilations into hadrons at $\sqrt{s}$=10.54 GeV

The BaBar collaboration Lees, J.P. ; Poireau, V. ; Tisserand, V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 88 (2013) 032011, 2013.
Inspire Record 1238276 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.62088

Inclusive production cross sections of $\pi^\pm$, $K^\pm$ and $p\bar{p}$ per hadronic $e^+e^-$ annihilation event in $e^+e^-$ are measured at a center-of-mass energy of 10.54 GeV, using a relatively small sample of very high quality data from the BaBar experiment at the PEP-II $B$-factory at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. The drift chamber and Cherenkov detector provide clean samples of identified $\pi^\pm$, $K^\pm$ and $p\bar{p}$ over a wide range of momenta. Since the center-of-mass energy is below the threshold to produce a $B\bar{B}$ pair, with $B$ a bottom-quark meson, these data represent a pure $e^+e^- \rightarrow q\bar{q}$ sample with four quark flavors, and are used to test QCD predictions and hadronization models. Combined with measurements at other energies, in particular at the $Z^0$ resonance, they also provide precise constraints on the scaling properties of the hadronization process over a wide energy range.

4 data tables

Differential cross section for prompt PI+-, K+- and PBAR/P production.

Differential cross section for conventional PI+-, K+- and PBAR/P production.

Integrated cross sections for prompt PI+-, K+- and PBAR/P production. The second (sys) error is the uncertainty due to the model dependence of the extrapolation.

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Study of $e^+e^- \to \omega\pi^0 \to \pi^0\pi^0\gamma$ in the energy range $1.05-2.00$ GeV with SND

Achasov, M.N. ; Aulchenko, V.M. ; Barnyakov, A.Yu. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 88 (2013) 054013, 2013.
Inspire Record 1224801 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.62287

The cross section for the process e+e- --> omega pi0 --> pi0 pi0 gamma has been measured in the energy range 1.05--2.00 GeV. The experiment has been performed at the e+e- collider VEPP-2000 with the SND detector. The measured e+e- --> omega pi0 cross section above 1.4 GeV is the most accurate to date. Below 1.4 GeV our data are in good agreement with the previous SND and CMD-2 measurements. Data on the e+e- --> omega pi0 cross section are well described by the VMD model with two excited rho-like states. From the measured cross section we have extracted the gamma^* --> omega pi0 transition form factor. It has been found that the VDM model cannot describe simultaneously our data and data obtained from the omega --> pi0 mu+ mu- decay. We have also tested CVC hypothesis comparing our results on the e+e- --> omega pi0 cross section with data on the tau- --> omega pi- nu_{tau} decay.

1 data table

The c.m. energy(E) and measured Born cross section(SIG). For the cross section, the first error is statistical, the second is systematic.


Study of $e^+e^- \to p \bar{p}$ via initial-state radiation at BABAR

The BaBar collaboration Lees, J.P. ; Poireau, V. ; Tisserand, V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 87 (2013) 092005, 2013.
Inspire Record 1217421 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.62678

The process e+e- --> p anti-p gamma is studied using 469 fb-1 of integrated luminosity collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II collider, at an e+e- center-of-mass energy of 10.6 GeV. From the analysis of the p anti-p invariant mass spectrum, the energy dependence of the cross section for e+e- --> p anti-p is measured from threshold to 4.5 GeV. The energy dependence of the ratio of electric and magnetic form factors, |G_E/G_M|, and the asymmetry in the proton angular distribution are measured for p anti-p masses below 3 GeV. We also measure the branching fractions for the decays J/psi --> p anti-p and psi(2S) --> p anti p.

1 data table

Measurement of the cross section as a function of the invariant mass of the PBAR-P system and the effective form factor for the reaction E+ E- --> PBAR P. The contributions from J/PSI and PSI(25) decaying to PBAR-P have been subtracted. The form factor error is the combined statistical and systematic.


Multiplicities of charged pions and kaons from semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering by the proton and the deuteron

The HERMES collaboration Airapetian, A. ; Akopov, N. ; Akopov, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 87 (2013) 074029, 2013.
Inspire Record 1208547 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.62097

Multiplicities in semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering are presented for each charge state of \pi^\pm and K^\pm mesons. The data were collected by the HERMES experiment at the HERA storage ring using 27.6 GeV electron and positron beams incident on a hydrogen or deuterium gas target. The results are presented as a function of the kinematic quantities x_B, Q^2, z, and P_h\perp. They represent a unique data set for identified hadrons that will significantly enhance our understanding of the fragmentation of quarks into final-state hadrons in deep-inelastic scattering.

64 data tables

pi+ multiplicities from HERMES, Target: H, Target: D, VM subtracted.

pi- multiplicities from HERMES, Target: H, Target: D, VM subtracted.

K+ multiplicities from HERMES, Target: H, Target: D, VM subtracted.

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