Charged-particle multiplicity distributions over a wide pseudorapidity range in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 0.9, 7, and 8 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Acharya, S. ; Adamová, D. ; Adolfsson, J. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 77 (2017) 852, 2017.
Inspire Record 1614477 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.78802

We present the charged-particle multiplicity distributions over a wide pseudorapidity range ($-3.4<\eta<5.0$) for pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 0.9, 7, and 8 TeV at the LHC. Results are based on information from the Silicon Pixel Detector and the Forward Multiplicity Detector of ALICE, extending the pseudorapidity coverage of the earlier publications and the high-multiplicity reach. The measurements are compared to results from the CMS experiment and to PYTHIA, PHOJET and EPOS LHC event generators, as well as IP-Glasma calculations.

90 data tables

Multiplicity distribution in the pseudorapidity region -2.0 to 2.0 for NSD collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 900 GeV.

Multiplicity distribution in the pseudorapidity region -2.4 to 2.4 for NSD collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 900 GeV.

Multiplicity distribution in the pseudorapidity region -3.0 to 3.0 for NSD collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 900 GeV.

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Measurement of $K^{+}$ production in charged-current $\nu_{\mu}$ interactions

The MINERvA collaboration Marshall, C.M. ; Aliaga, L. ; Altinok, O. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 94 (2016) 012002, 2016.
Inspire Record 1446753 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.78539

Production of K^{+} mesons in charged-current \nu_{\mu} interactions on plastic scintillator (CH) is measured using MINERvA exposed to the low-energy NuMI beam at Fermilab. Timing information is used to isolate a sample of 885 charged-current events containing a stopping K^{+} which decays at rest. The differential cross section in K^{+} kinetic energy, d\sigma/dT_{K}, is observed to be relatively flat between 0 and 500 MeV. Its shape is in good agreement with the prediction by the \textsc{genie} neutrino event generator when final-state interactions are included, however the data rate is lower than the prediction by 15\%.

5 data tables

The predicted $\nu_\mu$ flux per POT for the data included in this analysis.

The differential cross section with respect to $K^+$ kinetic energy $T_{K}$ is given in units of $10^{-39}$ cm$^{2}$ per nucleon per GeV, as well as the total statistical and systematic uncertainties.

The covariance for the flux uncertainty.

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Measurement of Partonic Nuclear Effects in Deep-Inelastic Neutrino Scattering using MINERvA

The MINERvA collaboration Mousseau, J. ; Wospakrik, M. ; Aliaga, L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 93 (2016) 071101, 2016.
Inspire Record 1416818 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77044

The MINERvA collaboration reports a novel study of neutrino-nucleus charged-current deep inelastic scattering (DIS) using the same neutrino beam incident on targets of polystyrene, graphite, iron, and lead. Results are presented as ratios of C, Fe, and Pb to CH. The ratios of total DIS cross sections as a function of neutrino energy and flux-integrated differential cross sections as a function of the Bjorken scaling variable x are presented in the neutrino-energy range of 5 - 50 GeV. Good agreement is found between the data and predicted ratios, based on charged-lepton nucleus scattering, at medium x and low neutrino energies. However, the data rate appears depleted in the vicinity of the nuclear shadowing region, x < 0.1. This apparent deficit, reflected in the DIS cross-section ratio at high neutrino energy , is consistent with previous MINERvA observations and with the predicted onset of nuclear shadowing with the the axial-vector current in neutrino scattering.

18 data tables

Ratio of the total DIS cross section on C to CH as a function of $E_\nu$.

Statistical error matrix of the ratio of the total DIS cross section on C to CH as a function of $E_\nu$.

Systematic error matrix of the ratio of the total DIS cross section on C to CH as a function of $E_\nu$.

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Evolution of a spallation reaction: experiment and Monte Carlo simulation

Enke, M. ; Herbach, C.M. ; Hilscher, D. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.A 657 (1999) 317-339, 1999.
Inspire Record 1389773 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36170

Reaction cross sections and production cross sections for neutrons, hydrogen, and helium have been measured for 1.2, 1.8 GeV p+Fe, Ni, Ag, Ta, W, Au, Pb and U and are compared with different intra-nuclear-cascade- combined with evaporation-models. Agreement for neutrons and considerable differences for light charged particles are observed between experiment and calculation as well as between different models. The discrepancies are associated with specific deficiencies in the models. The exclusive data measured with two 4π-detectors for neutron and charged particle detection allowed furthermore a systematic comparison of observables characteristic of different stages of the temporal evolution of a spallation reaction: inelastic collision probability, excitation energy distribution, pre-equilibrium emission, and inclusive production cross sections.

5 data tables

No description provided.

No description provided.

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Single Neutral Pion Production by Charged-Current $\bar{\nu}_\mu$ Interactions on Hydrocarbon at $\langle E_\nu \rangle = $3.6 GeV

The MINERvA collaboration Le, T. ; Palomino, J.L. ; Aliaga, L. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 749 (2015) 130-136, 2015.
Inspire Record 1351216 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73317

Single neutral pion production via muon antineutrino charged-current interactions in plastic scintillator (CH) is studied using the \minerva detector exposed to the NuMI low-energy, wideband antineutrino beam at Fermilab. Measurement of this process constrains models of neutral pion production in nuclei, which is important because the neutral-current analog is a background for $\bar{\nu}_e$ appearance oscillation experiments. The differential cross sections for $\pi^0$ momentum and production angle, for events with a single observed $\pi^0$ and no charged pions, are presented and compared to model predictions. These results comprise the first measurement of the $\pi^0$ kinematics for this process.

2 data tables

Flux-averaged differential cross section in $\pi^0$ momentum, $d\sigma/dp_{\pi^0}(10^{-40}\text{cm}^2/\text{nucleon}/(\text{GeV/c})$, for 1$\pi^0$ production with statistical (stat) and systematic (sys) uncertainties.

Flux-averaged differential cross section in $\pi^0$ angle, $d\sigma/d\theta_{\pi^0}(10^{-42}\text{cm}^2/\text{nucleon}/\text{deg.})$, for 1$\pi^0$ production with statistical (stat) and systematic (sys) uncertainties.


Polarization in proton-beryllium and proton-proton scattering at 1.7 GeV

Bareyre, P. ; Detoeuf, J.F. ; Van Rossum, L. ; et al.
Nuovo Cim. 20 (1961) 1049-1066, 1961.
Inspire Record 1185005 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37750

The polarization in p-Be and p-p scattering has been measured by counter techniques at a proton kinetic energy of 1.74 GeV. The maximum polarization in p-Be scattering was found to beP max==0.19±0.04 and occurs at an angleθ max⩾3.5°. Inelastic scatters were rejected when the inelastic momentum loss was more than about 1% in the first scatter (magnetic analysis) or more than about 5% in the second scatter (Čerenkov threshold counter). The maximum polarization in p-p scattering isP max=0.30±0.09 and occurs at an angle 35°<θ max<<55° (c.m.). The angular dependence of the polarization is consistent with a distribution proportional to sin 2θ within large statistical errors. Optical model calculations applied to the data on p-Be scattering yield an almost all imaginary central potential of about 43 MeV and a spin-orbit potential of between 0.9 MeV and 2.0 MeV which is also almost all imaginary, in contrast with the predominantly real spin-orbit potential needed to explain the large polarization in the region of several hundred MeV.

2 data tables

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Measurement of the photon$+b$-jet production differential cross section in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Acharya, B.S. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 714 (2012) 32-39, 2012.
Inspire Record 1095100 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.61739

We present measurements of the differential cross section dsigma/dpT_gamma for the inclusive production of a photon in association with a b-quark jet for photons with rapidities |y_gamma|< 1.0 and 30<pT_gamma <300 GeV, as well as for photons with 1.5<|y_gamma|< 2.5 and 30< pT_gamma <200 GeV, where pT_gamma is the photon transverse momentum. The b-quark jets are required to have pT>15 GeV and rapidity |y_jet| < 1.5. The results are based on data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 8.7 fb^-1, recorded with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron $p\bar{p}$ Collider at sqrt(s)=1.96 TeV. The measured cross sections are compared with next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations using different sets of parton distribution functions as well as to predictions based on the kT-factorization QCD approach, and those from the Sherpa and Pythia Monte Carlo event generators.

2 data tables

The differential cross section as a function of PT for the production of GAMMA + B-JET in the photon |rapidity/ region < 1.0.

The differential cross section as a function of PT for the production of GAMMA + B-JET in the photon |rapidity| region 1.5-2.5.


Study of Jet Shapes in Inclusive Jet Production in $pp$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV using the ATLAS Detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, G. ; Abbott, B. ; Abdallah, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 83 (2011) 052003, 2011.
Inspire Record 882984 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.63511

Jet shapes have been measured in inclusive jet production in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV using 3 pb^{-1} of data recorded by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC. Jets are reconstructed using the anti-kt algorithm with transverse momentum 30 GeV < pT < 600 GeV and rapidity in the region |y| < 2.8. The data are corrected for detector effects and compared to several leading-order QCD matrix elements plus parton shower Monte Carlo predictions, including different sets of parameters tuned to model fragmentation processes and underlying event contributions in the final state. The measured jets become narrower with increasing jet transverse momentum and the jet shapes present a moderate jet rapidity dependence. Within QCD, the data test a variety of perturbative and non-perturbative effects. In particular, the data show sensitivity to the details of the parton shower, fragmentation, and underlying event models in the Monte Carlo generators. For an appropriate choice of the parameters used in these models, the data are well described.

124 data tables

Measured Differential Jet Shape RHO as a function of r for jet transverse momentum from 30 to 40 GeV and absolute values of the jet rapidity from 0 to 2.8.

Measured Differential Jet Shape RHO as a function of r for jet transverse momentum from 40 to 60 GeV and absolute values of the jet rapidity from 0 to 2.8.

Measured Differential Jet Shape RHO as a function of r for jet transverse momentum from 60 to 80 GeV and absolute values of the jet rapidity from 0 to 2.8.

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Charged-particle multiplicities in pp interactions measured with the ATLAS detector at the LHC

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, G. ; Abbott, B. ; Abdallah, J. ; et al.
New J.Phys. 13 (2011) 053033, 2011.
Inspire Record 882098 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.57077

Measurements are presented from proton-proton collisions at centre-of-mass energies of sqrt(s) = 0.9, 2.36 and 7 TeV recorded with the ATLAS detector at the LHC. Events were collected using a single-arm minimum-bias trigger. The charged-particle multiplicity, its dependence on transverse momentum and pseudorapidity and the relationship between the mean transverse momentum and charged-particle multiplicity are measured. Measurements in different regions of phase-space are shown, providing diffraction-reduced measurements as well as more inclusive ones. The observed distributions are corrected to well-defined phase-space regions, using model-independent corrections. The results are compared to each other and to various Monte Carlo models, including a new AMBT1 PYTHIA 6 tune. In all the kinematic regions considered, the particle multiplicities are higher than predicted by the Monte Carlo models. The central charged-particle multiplicity per event and unit of pseudorapidity, for tracks with pT >100 MeV, is measured to be 3.483 +- 0.009 (stat) +- 0.106 (syst) at sqrt(s) = 0.9 TeV and 5.630 +- 0.003 (stat) +- 0.169 (syst) at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV.

41 data tables

Charged-particle multiplicities in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of mass energy of 900 GeV as a function of pseudorapidity for events with the number of charged particles >=1 having transverse momentum >500 MeV and absolute(pseudorapidity) <2.5.

Charged-particle multiplicities in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of mass energy of 2360 GeV as a function of pseudorapidity for events with the number of charged particles >=1 having transverse momentum >500 MeV and absolute(pseudorapidity) <2.5.

Charged-particle multiplicities in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of mass energy of 7000 GeV as a function of pseudorapidity for events with the number of charged particles >=1 having transverse momentum >500 MeV and absolute(pseudorapidity) <2.5.

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Measurement of the inclusive isolated prompt photon cross section in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, G. ; Abbott, B. ; Abdallah, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 83 (2011) 052005, 2011.
Inspire Record 882463 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.57465

A measurement of the cross section for the inclusive production of isolated prompt photons in pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy sqrt(s) = 7TeV is presented. The measurement covers the pseudorapidity ranges |eta|<1.37 and 1.52<|eta|<1.81 in the transverse energy range 15 < E_T <100 GeV. The results are based on an integrated luminosity of 880 nb-1, collected with the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider. Photon candidates are identified by combining information from the calorimeters and from the inner tracker. Residual background in the selected sample is estimated from data based on the observed distribution of the transverse isolation energy in a narrow cone around the photon candidate. The results are compared to predictions from next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations.

3 data tables

The measured prompt photon cross section as a function of transverse energy for the |pseudorapidity| range < 0.6.

The measured prompt photon cross section as a function of transverse energy for the |pseudorapidity| range 0.6 to 1.37.

The measured prompt photon cross section as a function of transverse energy for the |pseudorapidity| range 1.52 to 1.81.