Nonprompt direct-photon production in Au$+$Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=200$ GeV

The PHENIX collaboration Acharya, U.A. ; Adare, A. ; Aidala, C. ; et al.
336 authors from 71 institutions, 26 pages, 30 figures, 4 tabels, 2014 data. Physical Review C. Plain text data tables for the points plotted in figures for this and previous PHENIX publications are (or will be) publicly available at http://www.phenix.bnl.gov/papers.html, 2022.
Inspire Record 2061074 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.129292

The measurement of the direct-photon spectrum from Au$+$Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=200$ GeV is presented by the PHENIX collaboration using the external-photon-conversion technique for 0%--93% central collisions in a transverse-momentum ($p_T$) range of 0.8--10 GeV/$c$. An excess of direct photons, above prompt-photon production from hard-scattering processes, is observed for $p_T<6$ GeV/$c$. Nonprompt direct photons are measured by subtracting the prompt component, which is estimated as $N_{\rm coll}$-scaled direct photons from $p$ $+$ $p$ collisions at 200 GeV, from the direct-photon spectrum. Results are obtained for $0.8<p_T<6.0$ GeV/$c$ and suggest that the spectrum has an increasing inverse slope from ${\approx}0.2$ to 0.4 GeV/$c$ with increasing $p_T$, which indicates a possible sensitivity of the measurement to photons from earlier stages of the evolution of the collision. In addition, like the direct-photon production, the $p_T$-integrated nonprompt direct-photon yields also follow a power-law scaling behavior as a function of collision-system size. The exponent, $\alpha$, for the nonprompt component is found to be consistent with 1.1 with no apparent $p_T$ dependence.

9 data tables

Direct photon $R_{\gamma}$, every 20% centrality

Direct photon $R_{\gamma}$, every 10% centrality

Invariant yield of direct photons, every 10% centrality

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Search for new particles in an extended Higgs sector with four b quarks in the final state at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Andrejkovic, Janik Walter ; et al.
CMS-B2G-20-003, 2022.
Inspire Record 2040549 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.127245

A search for an extended Higgs sector, characterized by a massive resonance X decaying to a pair of spin-0 bosons $\phi$ that themselves decay to pairs of bottom quarks, is presented. The analysis is restricted to the mass ranges $m_\phi$ from 25 to 100 GeV and $m_\mathrm{X}$ from 1 to 3 TeV. For these mass ranges, the decay products of each $\phi$ boson are expected to merge into a single large-radius jet. Jet substructure and flavor identification techniques are used to identify these jets. The search is based on CERN LHC proton-proton collision data at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV, collected with the CMS detector in 2016-2018, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 138 fb$^{-1}$. Model-specific limits are set on the product of the production cross section and branching fraction for X $\to \phi\phi \to (\mathrm{b\bar{b}})(\mathrm{b\bar{b}})$ as a function of mass, where both the X $\to \phi\phi$ and $\phi \to \mathrm{b\bar{b}}$ branching fractions are assumed to be 100%. These limits are the first of their kind on this process, ranging between 30 and 1 fb at 95% confidence level for the considered mass ranges.

17 data tables

The observed 95% CL upper limits on the product of the cross section, and branching fraction for the production of X$\to\phi\phi\to$4b, with $m_\phi$ = 25 GeV. The corresponding expected limits and their variations at the 1 and 2 standard deviation levels are also shown. Limits are compared to various extended higgs sector model cross sections as a function of the parameter $m_XN/f$.

The observed 95% CL upper limits on the product of the cross section, and branching fraction for the production of X$\to\phi\phi\to$4b, with $m_\phi$ = 30 GeV. The corresponding expected limits and their variations at the 1 and 2 standard deviation levels are also shown. Limits are compared to various extended higgs sector model cross sections as a function of the parameter $m_XN/f$.

The observed 95% CL upper limits on the product of the cross section, and branching fraction for the production of X$\to\phi\phi\to$4b, with $m_\phi$ = 35 GeV. The corresponding expected limits and their variations at the 1 and 2 standard deviation levels are also shown. Limits are compared to various extended higgs sector model cross sections as a function of the parameter $m_XN/f$.

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Search for a W' boson decaying to a vector-like quark and a top or bottom quark in the all-jets final state at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Andrejkovic, Janik Walter ; et al.
CMS-B2G-20-002, 2022.
Inspire Record 2039384 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.127138

A search is presented for a heavy W' boson resonance decaying to a B or T vector-like quark and a t or a b quark, respectively. The analysis is performed using proton-proton collisions collected with the CMS detector at the LHC. The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 138 fb$^{-1}$ at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. Both decay channels result in a signature with a t quark, a Higgs or Z boson, and a b quark, each produced with a significant Lorentz boost. The all-hadronic decays of the Higgs or Z boson and of the t quark are selected using jet substructure techniques to reduce standard model backgrounds, resulting in a distinct three-jet W' boson decay signature. No significant deviation in data with respect to the standard model background prediction is observed. Upper limits are set at 95% confidence level on the product of the W' boson cross section and the final state branching fraction. A W' boson with a mass below 3.1 TeV is excluded, given the benchmark model assumption of democratic branching fractions. In addition, limits are set based on generalizations of these assumptions. These are the most sensitive limits to date for this final state.

9 data tables

Reconstructed W′ boson mass distributions in the tHb signal region.

Reconstructed W′ boson mass distributions in the tZb signal region.

The W' boson 95% CL limits on the product of cross section and branching fraction. The expected and observed limits are shown for the center VLQ mass range.

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Measurement of the Drell-Yan forward-backward asymmetry at high dilepton masses in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Andrejkovic, Janik Walter ; et al.
CMS-SMP-21-002, 2022.
Inspire Record 2038801 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.114012

A measurement of the forward-backward asymmetry of pairs of oppositely charged leptons (dimuons and dielectrons) produced by the Drell-­Yan process in proton-proton collisions is presented. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 138 fb$^{-1}$ collected with the CMS detector at the LHC at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. The asymmetry is measured as a function of lepton pair mass for masses larger than 170\GeV and compared with standard model predictions. An inclusive measurement across both channels and the full mass range yields an asymmetry of 0.599 $\pm$ 0.005 (stat) $\pm$ 0.007 (syst). As a test of lepton flavor universality, the difference between the dimuon and dielectron asymmetries is measured as well. No statistically significant deviations from standard model predictions are observed. The measurements are used to set limits on the presence of additional gauge bosons. For a Z' in the sequential standard model, a lower mass limit of 4.4 TeV is set at 95% confidence level.

5 data tables

Results for the measurement of $A_\mathrm{FB}$ from the maximum likelihood fit to data in different dilepton mass bins in the different channels as well as an inclusive measurement across all mass bins.

Results for the measurement of $A_0$ from the maximum likelihood fit to data in different dilepton mass bins in the different channels as well as inclusive measurement across all mass bins. To help in the interpretation of these results, we also list the average dilepton $p_{T}$ of the data events in each mass bin.

Results for the measurement of $\Delta A_\mathrm{FB}$ and $\Delta A_0$ between the muon and electron channels from the maximum likelihood fit to data in different mass bins as well as an inclusive measurement across all mass bins.

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Nuclear modification of $\Upsilon$ states in pPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Ambrogi, Federico ; et al.
CMS-HIN-18-005, 2022.
Inspire Record 2037640 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88291

Production cross sections of $\Upsilon$(1S), $\Upsilon$(2S), and $\Upsilon$(3S) states decaying into \muplusmuminus in proton-lead (pPb) collisions are reported using data collected by the CMS experiment at$\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV. A comparison is made with corresponding cross sections obtained with pp data measured at the same collision energy and scaled by the Pb nucleus mass number. The nuclear modification factor for $\Upsilon$(1S) is found to be $R_\mathrm{pPb}(\Upsilon(1S))$ = 0.806 $\pm$ 0.024 (stat) $\pm$ 0.059 (syst). Similar results for the excited states indicate a sequential suppression pattern, such that $R_\mathrm{pPb}(\Upsilon(1S)) \gt R_\mathrm{pPb}(\Upsilon(2S)) \gt R_\mathrm{pPb}(\Upsilon(3S))$. The suppression is much less pronounced in pPb than in PbPb collisions, and independent of transverse momentum $p_\mathrm{T}^\Upsilon$ and center-of-mass rapidity $y_\mathrm{CM}^\Upsilon$ of the individual $\Upsilon$ state in the studied range $p_\mathrm{T}^\Upsilon \lt $ 30 GeV$/c$ and $\vert y_\mathrm{CM}^\Upsilon\vert \lt$ 1.93. Models that incorporate sequential suppression of bottomonia in pPb collisions are in better agreement with the data than those which only assume initial-state modifications.

31 data tables

Differential cross section times dimuon branching fraction of Y(1S) as a function of pT in pPb collisions. The global uncertainty arises from the integrated luminosity uncertainty in pPb collisions.

Differential cross section times dimuon branching fraction of Y(2S) as a function of pT in pPb collisions. The global uncertainty arises from the integrated luminosity uncertainty in pPb collisions.

Differential cross section times dimuon branching fraction of Y(3S) as a function of pT in pPb collisions. The global uncertainty arises from the integrated luminosity uncertainty in pPb collisions.

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Search for Higgs boson pair production in the four b quark final state in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Andrejkovic, Janik Walter ; et al.
CMS-HIG-20-005, 2022.
Inspire Record 2035644 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.114358

A search for pairs of Higgs bosons produced via gluon and vector boson fusion is presented, focusing on the four b quark final state. The data sample consists of proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, collected with the CMS detector at the LHC, and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 138 fb$^{-1}$. No deviation from the background-only hypothesis is observed. A 95% confidence level upper limit on the Higgs boson pair production cross section is observed at 3.9 times the standard model prediction for an expected value of 7.8. Constraints are also set on the modifiers of the Higgs field self-coupling, $\kappa_\lambda$, and of the coupling of two Higgs bosons to two vector bosons, $\kappa_\mathrm{2V}$. The observed (expected) allowed intervals at the 95% confidence level are $-$2.3 $\lt \kappa_\lambda \lt$ 9.4 ($-$5.0 $\lt \kappa_\lambda \lt$ 12.0) and $-$0.1 $\lt \kappa_\mathrm{2V} \lt$ 2.2 ($-$0.4 $\lt \kappa_\mathrm{2V} \lt$ 2.5). These are the most stringent observed constraints to date on the HH production cross section and on the $\kappa_\mathrm{2V}$ coupling.

2 data tables

Observed and expected 95% CL upper limits on cross section as a function of $\kappa_{\lambda}$ modifier

Observed and expected 95% CL upper limits on cross section as a function of $\kappa_{2V}$ modifier


Inclusive nonresonant multilepton probes of new phenomena at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Andrejkovic, Janik Walter ; et al.
CMS-EXO-21-002, 2022.
Inspire Record 2034279 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.110691

An inclusive search for nonresonant signatures of beyond the standard model (SM) phenomena in events with three or more charged leptons, including hadronically decaying $\tau$ leptons, is presented. The analysis is based on a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 138 fb$^{-1}$ of proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV, collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2016-2018. Events are categorized based on the lepton and b-tagged jet multiplicities and various kinematic variables. Three scenarios of physics beyond the SM are probed, and signal-specific boosted decision trees are used for enhancing sensitivity. No significant deviations from the background expectations are observed. Lower limits are set at 95% confidence level on the mass of type-III seesaw heavy fermions in the range 845-1065 GeV for various decay branching fraction combinations to SM leptons. Doublet and singlet vector-like $\tau$ lepton extensions of the SM are excluded for masses below 1045 GeV and in the mass range 125-150 GeV, respectively. Scalar leptoquarks decaying exclusively to a top quark and a lepton are excluded below 1.12-1.42 TeV, depending on the lepton flavor. For the type-III seesaw as well as the vector-like doublet model, these constraints are the most stringent to date. For the vector-like singlet model, these are the first constraints from the LHC experiments. Detailed results are also presented to facilitate alternative theoretical interpretations.

288 data tables

The minimum lepton $\mathrm{p_{T}}$ (GeV) distribution in 3L MisID CR events for the combined 2016-2018 data set. The rightmost bin contains the overflow events. The lower panel shows the ratio of observed events to the total expected background prediction. The gray band on the ratio represents the sum of statistical and systematic uncertainties in the SM background prediction.

The $\mathrm{S_{T}}$ (GeV) distribution in 3L WZ CR events for the combined 2016-2018 data set. The rightmost bin contains the overflow events. The lower panel shows the ratio of observed events to the total expected background prediction. The gray band on the ratio represents the sum of statistical and systematic uncertainties in the SM background prediction.

The $\mathrm{DR_{min}}$ distribution in 3L Z$\mathrm{\gamma}$ CR events for the combined 2016-2018 data set. The rightmost bin contains the overflow events. The lower panel shows the ratio of observed events to the total expected background prediction. The gray band on the ratio represents the sum of statistical and systematic uncertainties in the SM background prediction.

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Measurement of Direct-Photon Cross Section and Double-Helicity Asymmetry at $\sqrt{s}=510$ GeV in $\vec{p}+\vec{p}$ Collisions

The PHENIX collaboration Acharya, U.A. ; Adare, A. ; Aidala, C. ; et al.
347 authors from 70 institutions, 8 pages, 2 figures, 1 table, 2013 data. Physical Review Letters. Plain text data tables for the points plotted in figures for this and previous PHENIX publications are (or will be) publicly available at http://www.phenix.bnl.gov/papers.html, 2022.
Inspire Record 2033856 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.129088

We present the measurement of the cross section and double-helicity asymmetry $A_{LL}$ of direct-photon production in $\vec{p}+\vec{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=510$ GeV. The measurement has been performed at midrapidity ($|\eta|<0.25$) with the PHENIX detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. Direct photons are dominantly produced by the quark-gluon scattering at relativistic energies. Direct photons are produced from the initial partonic hard scattering and do not interact via the strong force. Therefore, this measurement provides a clean and direct access to the gluons in the polarized proton in the gluon-momentum-fraction range $0.02<x<0.08$.

2 data tables

Cross sections for inclusive and isolated direct photons as a function of $p_T$. Not shown are 10% absolute luminosity uncertainties.

Double helicity asymmetry $A_{LL}$ $vs$ $p_{T}$ for isolated direct-photon production in polarized $\vec{p}+\vec{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=510$ GeV at midrapidity. Not shown are $3.9 \times 10^{-4}$ shift uncertainty from relative luminosity and 6.6% scale uncertainty from polarization.


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Search for resonant pair production of Higgs bosons in the $b\bar{b}b\bar{b}$ final state using $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Abbott, Dale ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 105 (2022) 092002, 2022.
Inspire Record 2032611 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.111124

A search for resonant Higgs boson pair production in the $b\bar{b}b\bar{b}$ final state is presented. The analysis uses 126-139 fb$^{-1}$ of $pp$ collision data at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV collected with the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider. The analysis is divided into two channels, targeting Higgs boson decays which are reconstructed as pairs of small-radius jets or as individual large-radius jets. Spin-0 and spin-2 benchmark signal models are considered, both of which correspond to resonant $HH$ production via gluon$-$gluon fusion. The data are consistent with Standard Model predictions. Upper limits are set on the production cross-section times branching ratio to Higgs boson pairs of a new resonance in the mass range from 251 GeV to 5 TeV.

20 data tables

Cumulative acceptance times efficiency as a function of resonance mass for each event selection step in the resolved channel for the spin-0 signal models. The local maximum at 251 GeV is a consequence of the near-threshold kinematics.

Cumulative acceptance times efficiency as a function of resonance mass for each event selection step in the resolved channel for the spin-2 signal models. The local maximum at 251 GeV is a consequence of the near-threshold kinematics.

Corrected $m(HH)$ distribution in the resolved $4b$ validation region (dots), compared with the reweighted distribution in $2b$ validation region (teal histogram). The error bars on the $4b$ points represent the Poisson uncertainties corresponding to their event yields. The final bin includes overflow. The background uncertainty (gray band) is computed by adding all individual components in quadrature. The bottom panel shows the difference between the $4b$ and reweighted $2b$ distributions, relative to the $2b$ distribution.

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First evidence for off-shell production of the Higgs boson and measurement of its width

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Andrejkovic, Janik Walter ; et al.
CMS-HIG-21-013, 2022.
Inspire Record 2032090 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.127288

The first evidence for off-shell Higgs production is reported in the final state with two Z bosons decaying into either four charged leptons (muons or electrons), or two charged leptons and two neutrinos, and a measurement of the Higgs boson width is performed. Results are based on data from the CMS experiment at the LHC at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of up to 140 fb$^{-1}$. The total rate of off-shell Higgs boson production beyond the Z boson pair production threshold, relative to its standard model expectation, is constrained to the interval [0.0061, 2.0] at 95% confidence level. The scenario with no off-shell production is excluded at 99.97% confidence level (3.6 standard deviations). The width of the Higgs boson is extracted as $\Gamma_{\mathrm{H}}$ = 3.2$_{-1.7}^{+2.4}$ MeV, in agreement with the standard model expectation of 4.1 MeV. The data are also used to set new constraints on anomalous Higgs boson couplings to W and Z boson pairs.

47 data tables

GGsm vs -2dNLL (SM-like (f_{ai}=0) observed)

GGsm vs -2dNLL (f_{a2} (u) observed)

GGsm vs -2dNLL (f_{a3} (u) observed)

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