Measurement of Parity-Violating Asymmetry in Electron-Deuteron Inelastic Scattering

Wang, D. ; Pan, K. ; Subedi, R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 91 (2015) 045506, 2015.
Inspire Record 1327482 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.72848

The parity-violating asymmetries between a longitudinally-polarized electron beam and an unpolarized deuterium target have been measured recently. The measurement covered two kinematic points in the deep inelastic scattering region and five in the nucleon resonance region. We provide here details of the experimental setup, data analysis, and results on all asymmetry measurements including parity-violating electron asymmetries and those of inclusive pion production and beam-normal asymmetries. The parity-violating deep-inelastic asymmetries were used to extract the electron-quark weak effective couplings, and the resonance asymmetries provided the first evidence for quark-hadron duality in electroweak observables. These electron asymmetries and their interpretation were published earlier, but are presented here in more detail.

5 data tables

Asymmetry results on $\vec e-^2$H parity-violating scattering from the PVDIS experiment at JLab.

Asymmetry results on $\vec e-^2$H parity-violating scattering from the PVDIS experiment at JLab, for RES I settings.

Asymmetry results on $\vec e-^2$H parity-violating scattering from the PVDIS experiment at JLab, for RES II settings.

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Search for a New Gauge Boson in Electron-Nucleus Fixed-Target Scattering by the APEX Experiment

The APEX collaboration Abrahamyan, S. ; Ahmed, Z. ; Allada, K. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 107 (2011) 191804, 2011.
Inspire Record 923960 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.102644

We present a search at Jefferson Laboratory for new forces mediated by sub-GeV vector bosons with weak coupling $\alpha'$ to electrons. Such a particle $A'$ can be produced in electron-nucleus fixed-target scattering and then decay to an $e^+e^-$ pair, producing a narrow resonance in the QED trident spectrum. Using APEX test run data, we searched in the mass range 175--250 MeV, found no evidence for an $A'\to e^+e^-$ reaction, and set an upper limit of $\alpha'/\alpha \simeq 10^{-6}$. Our findings demonstrate that fixed-target searches can explore a new, wide, and important range of masses and couplings for sub-GeV forces.

2 data tables

The binned invariant mass spectrum of e+e- pair events in the final event sample collected by APEX. The data correspond to Figure 3 of the paper, with the 0.05 MeV binning used for the profile likelihood analysis. The original plain-text file from <a href="https://doi.org/10.7484/inspirehep.data.lk95.m2gq">10.7484/inspirehep.data.lk95.m2gq</a> is accessible by clicking "Resources".

The unbinned invariant mass spectrum of e+e- pair events in the final event sample collected by APEX. The original data from <a href="https://doi.org/10.7484/inspirehep.data.ph21.l5rg">10.7484/inspirehep.data.ph21.l5rg</a> are accessible by clicking "Resources".


Cross sections and Rosenbluth separations in H-1(e, e-prime K+)Lambda up to Q**2 = 2.35-GeV**2

The Jefferson Lab Hall A collaboration Coman, M. ; Markowitz, P. ; Aniol, K.A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 81 (2010) 052201, 2010.
Inspire Record 837422 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.54197

The kaon electroproduction reaction 1H(e,e'K+)Lambda was studied as a function of the virtual-photon four-momentum, Q2, total energy, W, and momentum transfer, t, for different values of the virtual- photon polarization parameter. Data were taken at electron beam energies ranging from 3.40 to 5.75 GeV. The center of mass cross section was determined for 21 kinematics corresponding to Q2 of 1.90 and 2.35 GeV2 and the longitudinal, sigmaL, and transverse, sigmaT, cross sections were separated using the Rosenbluth technique at fixed W and t. The separated cross sections reveal a flat energy dependence at forward kaon angles not satisfactorily described by existing electroproduction models. Influence of the kaon pole on the cross sections was investigated by adopting an off-shell form factor in the Regge model which better describes the observed energy dependence of sigmaT and sigmaL.

11 data tables

Measured values of the separated cross section at Q**2 = 2.35 GeV**2 and W = 1.85 GeV.. Errors contain both statistics and systematics.

Measured values of the separated cross section at Q**2 = 1.90 GeV**2.. Errors contain both statistics and systematics.

Measured values of the separated cross section at Q**2 = 2.35 GeV**2.. Errors contain both statistics and systematics.

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Photon electroproduction from hydrogen at backward angles and momentum transfer squared of $Q^2 = 1.0$GeV$^2$

The JLab Hall A collaboration Laveissiere, G. ; Degrande, N. ; Jaminion, S. ; et al.
2004.
Inspire Record 652965 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38623

We have made the first measurements of the virtual Compton scattering process via the e p -> e p gamma exclusive reaction at Q**2 = 1 GeV**2 in the nucleon resonance region. The cross section is obtained at center of mass (CM) backward angle, theta_gamma_gamma*, in a range of total (gamma* p) CM energy W from the proton mass up to W = 1.91 GeV. The data show resonant structures in the first and second resonance regions, and are well reproduced at higher W by the Bethe-Heitler+Born cross section, including t-channel pi0-exchange. At high W, our data, together with existing real photon data, show a striking Q**2 independence. Our measurement of the ratio of H(e,e'p)gamma to H(e,e'p)pi0 cross sections is presented and compared to model predictions.

18 data tables

Cross section for the reaction E P --> E P GAMMA at a polar angle given by COS(THETA) = -0.975 and azimuthal angle PHI = 15 degrees both in the centre-of-mass frame of the GAMMA* P --> GAMMA* P reaction.

Cross section for the reaction E P --> E P GAMMA at a polar angle given by COS(THETA) = -0.975 and azimuthal angle PHI = 45 degrees both in the centre-of-mass frame of the GAMMA* P --> GAMMA* P reaction.

Cross section for the reaction E P --> E P GAMMA at a polar angle given by COS(THETA) = -0.975 and azimuthal angle PHI = 75 degrees both in the centre-of-mass frame of the GAMMA* P --> GAMMA* P reaction.

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Near threshold electroproduction of the omega meson at Q2 =~ 0.5-GeV2

The Jefferson Laboratory E91-016 collaboration Ambrozewicz, P. ; Mitchell, J. ; Dunne, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 70 (2004) 035203, 2004.
Inspire Record 645605 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31643

Electroproduction of the omega meson was investigated in the p(e,e'p)omega reaction. The measurement was performed at a 4-momentum transfer Q2 ~ 0.5 GeV2. Angular distributions of the virtual photon-proton center-of-momentum cross sections have been extracted over the full angular range. These distributions exhibit a strong enhancement over t-channel parity exchange processes in the backward direction. According to a newly developed electroproduction model, this enhancement provides significant evidence of resonance formation in the gamma* p -> omega p reaction channel.

2 data tables

Differential cross section for an average W of 1.75 GeV.

Differential cross section for an average W of 1.79 GeV.


Precision measurement of the neutron spin asymmetry A1**N and spin flavor decomposition in the valence quark region

The Jefferson Lab Hall A collaboration Zheng, X. ; Aniol, K. ; Armstrong, D.S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 92 (2004) 012004, 2004.
Inspire Record 625890 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31679

We have measured the neutron spin asymmetry $A_1^n$ with high precision at three kinematics in the deep inelastic region at $x=0.33$, 0.47 and 0.60, and $Q^2=2.7$, 3.5 and 4.8 (GeV/c)$^2$, respectively. Our results unambiguously show, for the first time, that $A_1^n$ crosses zero around $x=0.47$ and becomes significantly positive at $x=0.60$. Combined with the world proton data, polarized quark distributions were extracted. Our results, in general, agree with relativistic constituent quark models and with perturbative quantum chromodynamics (pQCD) analyses based on the earlier data. However they deviate from pQCD predictions based on hadron helicity conservation.

1 data table

Measured values of A1 and G1/F1.


Backward electroproduction of pi0 mesons on protons in the region of nucleon resonances at four momentum transfer squared Q**2 = 1.0-GeV**2

The JLab Hall A collaboration Laveissiere, G. ; Degrande, N. ; Jaminion, S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 69 (2004) 045203, 2004.
Inspire Record 625669 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25226

Exclusive electroproduction of pi0 mesons on protons in the backward hemisphere has been studied at Q**2 = 1.0 GeV**2 by detecting protons in the forward direction in coincidence with scattered electrons from the 4 GeV electron beam in Jefferson Lab's Hall A. The data span the range of the total (gamma* p) center-of-mass energy W from the pion production threshold to W = 2.0 GeV. The differential cross sections sigma_T+epsilon*sigma_L, sigma_TL, and sigma_TT were separated from the azimuthal distribution and are presented together with the MAID and SAID parametrizations.

12 data tables

Cross section SIG(T) + EPSILON*SIG(L) for COS(THETA*) = -0.975.

Cross section SIG(T) + EPSILON*SIG(L) for COS(THETA*) = -0.925.

Cross section SIG(T) + EPSILON*SIG(L) for COS(THETA*) = -0.875.

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Compton scattering from the deuteron and neutron polarizabilities

Lundin, M. ; Adler, J.O. ; Boland, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 90 (2003) 192501, 2003.
Inspire Record 586101 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31727

Differential cross sections for Compton scattering from the deuteron were measured at MAX-lab for incident photon energies of 55 MeV and 66 MeV at nominal laboratory angles of $45^\circ$, $125^\circ$, and $135^\circ$. Tagged photons were scattered from liquid deuterium and detected in three NaI spectrometers. By comparing the data with theoretical calculations in the framework of a one-boson-exchange potential model, the sum and difference of the isospin-averaged nucleon polarizabilities, $\alpha_N + \beta_N = 17.4 \pm 3.7$ and $\alpha_N - \beta_N = 6.4 \pm 2.4$ (in units of $10^{-4}$ fm$^3$), have been determined. By combining the latter with the global-averaged value for $\alpha_p - \beta_p$ and using the predictions of the Baldin sum rule for the sum of the nucleon polarizabilities, we have obtained values for the neutron electric and magnetic polarizabilities of $\alpha_n= 8.8 \pm 2.4$(total) $\pm 3.0$(model) and $\beta_n = 6.5 \mp 2.4$(total) $\mp 3.0$(model), respectively.

6 data tables

Centre of mass differential cross sections for deuteron compton scattering at incident photon energy 54.6 MeV.

Centre of mass differential cross sections for deuteron compton scattering at incident photon energy 54.9 MeV.

Centre of mass differential cross sections for deuteron compton scattering at incident photon energy 55.9 MeV.

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The Transverse asymmetry A(T-prime) from quasielastic polarized He-3 (polarized e, e-prime) process and the neutron magnetic form-factor

Xu, W. ; Dutta, D. ; Xiong, F. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 85 (2000) 2900-2904, 2000.
Inspire Record 531416 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31474

We have measured the transverse asymmetry from inclusive scattering of longitudinally polarized electrons from polarized 3He nuclei at quasi-elastic kinematics in Hall A at Jefferson Lab with high statistical and systematic precision. The neutron magnetic form factor was extracted based on Faddeev calculations with an experimental uncertainty of less than 2 %.

1 data table

Ratio of neutron magnetic form-factor to dipole value.


Determination of the deep inelastic contribution to the generalized Gerasimov-Drell-Hearn integral for the proton and neutron

The HERMES collaboration Ackerstaff, K. ; Airapetian, A. ; Akopov, N. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 444 (1998) 531-538, 1998.
Inspire Record 476388 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.44128

The virtual photon absorption cross section differences [sigma_1/2-sigma_3/2] for the proton and neutron have been determined from measurements of polarised cross section asymmetries in deep inelastic scattering of 27.5 GeV longitudinally polarised positrons from polarised 1H and 3He internal gas targets. The data were collected in the region above the nucleon resonances in the kinematic range nu < 23.5 GeV and 0.8 GeV**2 < Q**2 < 12 GeV**2. For the proton the contribution to the generalised Gerasimov-Drell-Hearn integral was found to be substantial and must be included for an accurate determination of the full integral. Furthermore the data are consistent with a QCD next-to-leading order fit based on previous deep inelastic scattering data. Therefore higher twist effects do not appear significant.

13 data tables

Gerasimov-Drell-Hearn sum rule for proton as a function of Q2.

Gerasimov-Drell-Hearn sum rule for neutron as a function of Q2 (integral spans from Q2/2M to infinity instead of zero to infinity, see paper).

Cross section difference for the proton data. Statistical errors only.

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