Measurements of the Higgs boson production and decay rates and constraints on its couplings from a combined ATLAS and CMS analysis of the LHC pp collision data at $ \sqrt{s}=7 $ and 8 TeV

The ATLAS & CMS collaborations Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; Abdallah, Jalal ; et al.
JHEP 1608 (2016) 045, 2016.
Inspire Record 1468068 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.78403

Combined ATLAS and CMS measurements of the Higgs boson production and decay rates, as well as constraints on its couplings to vector bosons and fermions, are presented. The combination is based on the analysis of five production processes, namely gluon fusion, vector boson fusion, and associated production with a W or a Z boson or a pair of top quarks, and of the six decay modes H → ZZ, W W , γγ, ττ, bb, and μμ. All results are reported assuming a value of 125.09 GeV for the Higgs boson mass, the result of the combined measurement by the ATLAS and CMS experiments. The analysis uses the CERN LHC proton-proton collision data recorded by the ATLAS and CMS experiments in 2011 and 2012, corresponding to integrated luminosities per experiment of approximately 5 fb$^{−1}$ at $ \sqrt{s}=7 $ TeV and 20 fb$^{−1}$ at $ \sqrt{s}=8 $ TeV. The Higgs boson production and decay rates measured by the two experiments are combined within the context of three generic parameterisations: two based on cross sections and branching fractions, and one on ratios of coupling modifiers. Several interpretations of the measurements with more model-dependent parameterisations are also given. The combined signal yield relative to the Standard Model prediction is measured to be 1.09 ± 0.11. The combined measurements lead to observed significances for the vector boson fusion production process and for the H → ττ decay of 5.4 and 5.5 standard deviations, respectively. The data are consistent with the Standard Model predictions for all parameterisations considered.

44 data tables

Best fit values of $\sigma_i \cdot \mathrm{B}^f$ for each specific channel $i \to H\to f$, as obtained from the generic parameterisation with 23 parameters for the combination of the ATLAS and CMS measurements, using the $\sqrt{s}$=7 and 8 TeV data. The cross sections are given for $\sqrt{s}$=8 TeV, assuming the SM values for $\sigma_i(7 \mathrm{TeV})/\sigma_i(8 \mathrm{TeV})$. The results are shown together with their total uncertainties and their breakdown into statistical and systematic components. The missing values are either not measured with a meaningful precision and therefore not quoted, in the case of the $H\to ZZ$ decay channel for the $WH$, $ZH$, and $ttH$ production processes, or not measured at all and therefore fixed to their corresponding SM predictions, in the case of the $H\to bb$ decay mode for the $gg\mathrm{F}$ and VBF production processes.

Best fit values of $\sigma_i \cdot \mathrm{B}^f$ relative to their SM prediction for each specific channel $i \to H\to f$, as obtained from the generic parameterisation with 23 parameters for the combination of the ATLAS and CMS measurements, using the $\sqrt{s}$=7 and 8 TeV data. The results are shown together with their total uncertainties and their breakdown into statistical and systematic components. The missing values are either not measured with a meaningful precision and therefore not quoted, in the case of the $H\to ZZ$ decay channel for the $WH$, $ZH$, and $ttH$ production processes, or not measured at all and therefore fixed to their corresponding SM predictions, in the case of the $H\to bb$ decay mode for the $gg\mathrm{F}$ and VBF production processes.

Best fit values of $\sigma(gg\to H\to ZZ)$, $\sigma_i/\sigma_{gg\mathrm{F}}$, and $\mathrm{B}^f/\mathrm{B}^{ZZ}$ from the combined analysis of the $\sqrt{s}$=7 and 8 TeV data. The values involving cross sections are given for $\sqrt{s}$=8 TeV, assuming the SM values for $\sigma_i(7 \mathrm{TeV})/\sigma_i(8 \mathrm{TeV})$. The results are shown for the combination of ATLAS and CMS, and also separately for each experiment, together with their total uncertainties and their breakdown into the four components described in the text. The expected uncertainties in the measurements are also shown.

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Measurement of the ratio of the production cross sections times branching fractions of $B_{c}^{\pm} \to J/\psi \pi^{\pm}$ and $B^{\pm} \to J/\psi K^{\pm}$ and $\mathcal{B}(B_{c}^{\pm} \to J/\psi \pi^{\pm}\pi^{\pm}\pi^{\mp})/\mathcal{B}(B_{c}^{\pm} \to J/\psi \pi^{\pm})$ in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 1501 (2015) 063, 2015.
Inspire Record 1323075 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.39386

The ratio of the production cross sections times branching fractions $ \left(\sigma \left({\mathrm{B}}_{\mathrm{c}}^{\pm}\right)\mathrm{\mathcal{B}}\left({\mathrm{B}}_{\mathrm{c}}^{\pm}\to \mathrm{J}/\psi {\pi}^{\pm}\right)\right)/\left(\sigma \left({\mathrm{B}}^{\pm}\right)\mathrm{\mathcal{B}}\left({\mathrm{B}}^{\pm}\to \mathrm{J}/\psi {K}^{\pm}\right)\right) $ is studied in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC. The kinematic region investigated requires B$_{c}^{±}$ and B$^{±}$ mesons with transverse momentum p$_{T}$ > 15 GeV and rapidity |y| < 1.6. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 5.1 fb$^{−1}$. The ratio is determined to be $ \left[0.48\pm 0.05\left(\mathrm{stat}\right)\pm 0.03\left(\mathrm{syst}\right)\pm 0.05\ \left({\tau}_{{\mathrm{B}}_{\mathrm{c}}}\right)\right]\% $ . The B$_{c}^{±}$  → J/ψπ$^{±}$ π$^{±}$ π$^{∓}$ decay is also observed in the same data sample. Using a model-independent method developed to measure the efficiency given the presence of resonant behaviour in the three-pion system, the ratio of the branching fractions $ \mathrm{\mathcal{B}}\left({\mathrm{B}}_{\mathrm{c}}^{\pm}\to \mathrm{J}/\psi {\pi}^{\pm }{\pi}^{\pm }{\pi}^{\mp}\right)/\mathrm{\mathcal{B}}\left({\mathrm{B}}_{\mathrm{c}}^{\pm}\to \mathrm{J}/\psi {\pi}^{\pm}\right) $ is measured to be $ 2.55\pm 0.80\left(\mathrm{stat}\right)\pm 0.33{\left(\mathrm{syst}\right)}_{-0.01}^{+0.04}\left({\tau}_{B_c}\right) $ , consistent with the previous LHCb result.

2 data tables

The ratio of the production cross sections times branching fractions of $B_c^\pm\to J/\psi\pi^\pm$ and $B^\pm\to J/\psi K^\pm$ is measured in the kinematic region $p_T$> 15 GeV and |y| < 1.6. Beside the statistical and systematic errors, an uncertainty associated to the $B_c^{\pm}$ lifetime is quoted as a separate third error. The $B_c^\pm\to J/\psi\pi^\pm$ reconstruction efficiency has a dependence on the $B_c^\pm$ lifetime. Recently LHCb published a more precise $B_c^\pm$ lifetime measurement, which is significantly higher than the previous world average (PDG 2012). To determine the systematic uncertainty associated with the uncertainty in the $B_c^\pm$ lifetime, the efficiency is evaluated while changing the $B_c^\pm$ lifetime in the simulation to cover the range from the world average minus its one standard deviation uncertainty, to the new LHCb measurement. The resulting variation in the ratio is quoted separately as a lifetime systematic uncertainty ($\tau_{Bc}$). Charge conjugation is implied in the table.

To determine the systematic uncertainty in the ratio of branching fractions associated with the uncertainty in the $B_c^\pm$ lifetime, the efficiency is evaluated while changing the $B_c^\pm$ lifetime in the simulation to cover the range from the world average minus its one standard deviation uncertainty, to the new LHCb measurement. The resulting variation in the ratio is quoted separately as a lifetime systematic uncertainty ($\tau_{Bc}$). Charge conjugation is implied in the table.


Measurement of top quark polarisation in t-channel single top quark production

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 1604 (2016) 073, 2016.
Inspire Record 1403169 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38092
4 data tables

The normalized differential cross section as a function of unfolded $\cos\theta_{\mu}^{*}$ for top quark.

The normalized differential cross section as a function of unfolded $\cos\theta_{\mu}^{*}$ for top antiquark.

The normalized differential cross section as a function of unfolded $\cos\theta_{\mu}^{*}$ for top quark and antiquark.

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Transverse momentum and pseudorapidity distributions of charged hadrons in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 0.9$ and 2.36 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 1002 (2010) 041, 2010.
Inspire Record 845323 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.54829

Measurements of inclusive charged-hadron transverse-momentum and pseudorapidity distributions are presented for proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 0.9 and 2.36 TeV. The data were collected with the CMS detector during the LHC commissioning in December 2009. For non-single-diffractive interactions, the average charged-hadron transverse momentum is measured to be 0.46 +/- 0.01 (stat.) +/- 0.01 (syst.) GeV/c at 0.9 TeV and 0.50 +/- 0.01 (stat.) +/- 0.01 (syst.) GeV/c at 2.36 TeV, for pseudorapidities between -2.4 and +2.4. At these energies, the measured pseudorapidity densities in the central region, dN(charged)/d(eta) for |eta| < 0.5, are 3.48 +/- 0.02 (stat.) +/- 0.13 (syst.) and 4.47 +/- 0.04 (stat.) +/- 0.16 (syst.), respectively. The results at 0.9 TeV are in agreement with previous measurements and confirm the expectation of near equal hadron production in p-pbar and pp collisions. The results at 2.36 TeV represent the highest-energy measurements at a particle collider to date.

8 data tables

Measured differential yield of charged hadrons as a function of transverse momentum for pseudorapidities 0.1, 0.3, 0.5 and 0.7 for centre-of-mass energy 900 GeV.

Measured differential yield of charged hadrons as a function of transverse momentum for pseudorapidities 0.9, 1.1, 1.3 and 1.5 for centre-of-mass energy 900 GeV.

Measured differential yield of charged hadrons as a function of transverse momentum for pseudorapidities 1.7, 1.9, 2.1 and 2.3 for centre-of-mass energy 900 GeV.

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First Measurement of the Underlying Event Activity at the LHC with $\sqrt{s} = 0.9$ TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C70 (2010) 555-572, 2010.
Inspire Record 857644 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.55126

A measurement of the underlying activity in scattering processes with transverse momentum scale in the GeV region is performed in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 0.9 TeV, using data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC. Charged hadron production is studied with reference to the direction of a leading object, either a charged particle or a set of charged particles forming a jet. Predictions of several QCD-inspired models as implemented in PYTHIA are compared, after full detector simulation, to the data. The models generally predict too little production of charged hadrons with pseudorapidity eta < 2, p_T > 0.5 GeV/c, and azimuthal direction transverse to that of the leading object.

7 data tables

Average multiplicity of charged particles per unit of pseudorapidity as a function of pseudorapidity for events with leading track-jet transverse momenta > 1 and > 3 GeV. Statistical errors only.

Average scalar sum of the transverse momenta of charged particles per unit of pseusdorapidity and per radian as a function of DELTA(PHI) for events with leading track-jet transverse momenta > 1 and > 2 GeV. Statistical errors only. Typical systematic error of 1.8 PCT at a leading track-jet PT of 3.5 GeV.

The average multiplicity and average scalar sum of transverse momenta of charge particles per unit of pseudorapidity and per radian as a function of the leading track transverse momenta. Statistical errors only. Typical systematic error of 1.8 PCT at a leading track-jet PT of 3.5 GeV.

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Charged particle transverse momentum spectra in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 0.9$ and 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
JHEP 1108 (2011) 086, 2011.
Inspire Record 896764 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.57523
5 data tables

The invariant charged particle differential yield at 0.9 TeV for |eta|<2.4.

The invariant charged particle differential yield at 7 TeV for |eta|<2.4.

The inclusive charged particle invariant differential cross section, as a function of XT and scaled by sqrt(s)*4.9, at 0.9 TeV for |eta|<1.

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Strange Particle Production in $pp$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s}=0.9$ and 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 1105 (2011) 064, 2011.
Inspire Record 890166 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.57531

The spectra of strange hadrons are measured in proton-proton collisions, recorded by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC, at centre-of-mass energies of 0.9 and 7 TeV. The K^0_s, Lambda, and Xi^- particles and their antiparticles are reconstructed from their decay topologies and the production rates are measured as functions of rapidity and transverse momentum. The results are compared to other experiments and to predictions of the PYTHIA Monte Carlo program. The transverse momentum distributions are found to differ substantially from the PYTHIA results and the production rates exceed the predictions by up to a factor of three.

15 data tables

The rapidity production spectra per NSD event spectra for KS mesons at 0.9 and 7 TeV.

The transverse momentum production spectra per NSD event spectra for KS mesons at 0.9 and 7 TeV.

The rapidity production spectra per NSD event spectra for LAMBDA mesons at 0.9 and 7 TeV.

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Prompt and non-prompt $J/\psi$ production in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C71 (2011) 1575, 2011.
Inspire Record 878118 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.57532

The production of J/psi mesons is studied in pp collisions at sqrt(s)=7 TeV with the CMS experiment at the LHC. The measurement is based on a dimuon sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 314 inverse nanobarns. The J/psi differential cross section is determined, as a function of the J/psi transverse momentum, in three rapidity ranges. A fit to the decay length distribution is used to separate the prompt from the non-prompt (b hadron to J/psi) component. Integrated over J/psi transverse momentum from 6.5 to 30 GeV/c and over rapidity in the range |y| < 2.4, the measured cross sections, times the dimuon decay branching fraction, are 70.9 \pm 2.1 (stat.) \pm 3.0 (syst.) \pm 7.8(luminosity) nb for prompt J/psi mesons assuming unpolarized production and 26.0 \pm 1.4 (stat.) \pm 1.6 (syst.) \pm 2.9 (luminosity) nb for J/psi mesons from b-hadron decays.

13 data tables

Total cross section within the kinematic limits for prompt and non-prompt J/PSI production times branching ratio into MU+ MU-, assuming zero polarizartion. The second systematic error is the luminosity uncertainty.

Differential inclusive cross J/PSI section for the |rapidity| range 0 to 1.2 for each prompt J/PSI polarization scenario considered.

Differential inclusive cross J/PSI section for the |rapidity| range 1.2 to 1.6 for each prompt J/PSI polarization scenario considered.

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Charged particle multiplicities in $pp$ interactions at $\sqrt{s}=0.9$, 2.36, and 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 1101 (2011) 079, 2011.
Inspire Record 879315 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.57909

Measurements of primary charged hadron multiplicity distributions are presented for non-single-diffractive events in proton-proton collisions at centre-of-mass energies of sqrt(s) = 0.9, 2.36, and 7 TeV, in five pseudorapidity ranges from |eta|<0.5 to |eta|<2.4. The data were collected with the minimum-bias trigger of the CMS experiment during the LHC commissioning runs in 2009 and the 7 TeV run in 2010. The multiplicity distribution at sqrt(s) = 0.9 TeV is in agreement with previous measurements. At higher energies the increase of the mean multiplicity with sqrt(s) is underestimated by most event generators. The average transverse momentum as a function of the multiplicity is also presented. The measurement of higher-order moments of the multiplicity distribution confirms the violation of Koba-Nielsen-Olesen scaling that has been observed at lower energies.

29 data tables

Mean multiplicity for charged hadron production for |pseudorapidity| < 2.4.

Fully corrected charged hadron multiplicity spectrum for |pseudorapidity| < 0.5 at a centre-of-mass energy of 900 GeV.

Fully corrected charged hadron multiplicity spectrum for |pseudorapidity| < 1.0 at a centre-of-mass energy of 900 GeV.

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Study of Z boson production in PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 2.76 TeV

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 106 (2011) 212301, 2011.
Inspire Record 890909 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.57943

A search for Z bosons in the mu^+mu^- decay channel has been performed in PbPb collisions at a nucleon-nucleon centre of mass energy = 2.76 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC, in a 7.2 inverse microbarn data sample. The number of opposite-sign muon pairs observed in the 60--120 GeV/c2 invariant mass range is 39, corresponding to a yield per unit of rapidity (y) and per minimum bias event of (33.8 ± 5.5 (stat) ± 4.4 (syst)) 10^{-8}, in the |y|<2.0 range. Rapidity, transverse momentum, and centrality dependencies are also measured. The results agree with next-to-leading order QCD calculations, scaled by the number of incoherent nucleon-nucleon collisions.

4 data tables

The dimuon yield from Z0 decays per unit rapidity and per unit minumum bias event in the range |yrap| < 2.0.

The dimuon yield from Z0 decays per unit rapidity and per unit minumum bias event as a function of rapidity, and the nuclear modification factor RAA derived by using a POWHEG proton-proton reference.

The dimuon yield from Z0 decays per unit rapidity and per unit minumum bias event as a function of transverse momentum, and the nuclear modificationfactor RAA derived by using a POWHEG proton-proton reference.

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