Light isovector resonances in $\pi^- p \to \pi^-\pi^-\pi^+ p$ at 190 GeV/${\it c}$

The COMPASS collaboration Aghasyan, M. ; Alexeev, M.G. ; Alexeev, G.D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 98 (2018) 092003, 2018.
Inspire Record 1655631 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.82958

We have performed the most comprehensive resonance-model fit of $\pi^-\pi^-\pi^+$ states using the results of our previously published partial-wave analysis (PWA) of a large data set of diffractive-dissociation events from the reaction $\pi^- + p \to \pi^-\pi^-\pi^+ + p_\text{recoil}$ with a 190 GeV/$c$ pion beam. The PWA results, which were obtained in 100 bins of three-pion mass, $0.5 < m_{3\pi} < 2.5$ GeV/$c^2$, and simultaneously in 11 bins of the reduced four-momentum transfer squared, $0.1 < t' < 1.0$ $($GeV$/c)^2$, are subjected to a resonance-model fit using Breit-Wigner amplitudes to simultaneously describe a subset of 14 selected waves using 11 isovector light-meson states with $J^{PC} = 0^{-+}$, $1^{++}$, $2^{++}$, $2^{-+}$, $4^{++}$, and spin-exotic $1^{-+}$ quantum numbers. The model contains the well-known resonances $\pi(1800)$, $a_1(1260)$, $a_2(1320)$, $\pi_2(1670)$, $\pi_2(1880)$, and $a_4(2040)$. In addition, it includes the disputed $\pi_1(1600)$, the excited states $a_1(1640)$, $a_2(1700)$, and $\pi_2(2005)$, as well as the resonancelike $a_1(1420)$. We measure the resonance parameters mass and width of these objects by combining the information from the PWA results obtained in the 11 $t'$ bins. We extract the relative branching fractions of the $\rho(770) \pi$ and $f_2(1270) \pi$ decays of $a_2(1320)$ and $a_4(2040)$, where the former one is measured for the first time. In a novel approach, we extract the $t'$ dependence of the intensity of the resonances and of their phases. The $t'$ dependence of the intensities of most resonances differs distinctly from the $t'$ dependence of the nonresonant components. For the first time, we determine the $t'$ dependence of the phases of the production amplitudes and confirm that the production mechanism of the Pomeron exchange is common to all resonances.

2 data tables

Real and imaginary parts of the normalized transition amplitudes $\mathcal{T}_a$ of the 14 selected partial waves in the 1100 $(m_{3\pi}, t')$ cells (see Eq. (12) in the paper). The wave index $a$ represents the quantum numbers that uniquely define the partial wave. The quantum numbers are given by the shorthand notation $J^{PC} M^\varepsilon [$isobar$] \pi L$. We use this notation to label the transition amplitudes in the column headers. The $m_{3\pi}$ values that are given in the first column correspond to the bin centers. Each of the 100 $m_{3\pi}$ bins is 20 MeV/$c^2$ wide. Since the 11 $t'$ bins are non-equidistant, the lower and upper bounds of each $t'$ bin are given in the column headers. The transition amplitudes define the spin-density matrix elements $\varrho_{ab}$ for waves $a$ and $b$ according to Eq. (18). The spin-density matrix enters the resonance-model fit via Eqs. (33) and (34). The transition amplitudes are normalized via Eqs. (9), (16), and (17) such that the partial-wave intensities $\varrho_{aa} = |\mathcal{T}_a|^2$ are given in units of acceptance-corrected number of events. The relative phase $\Delta\phi_{ab}$ between two waves $a$ and $b$ is given by $\arg(\varrho_{ab}) = \arg(\mathcal{T}_a) - \arg(\mathcal{T}_b)$. Note that only relative phases are well-defined. The phase of the $1^{++}0^+ \rho(770) \pi S$ wave was set to $0^\circ$ so that the corresponding transition amplitudes are real-valued. In the PWA model, some waves are excluded in the region of low $m_{3\pi}$ (see paper and [Phys. Rev. D 95, 032004 (2017)] for a detailed description of the PWA model). For these waves, the transition amplitudes are set to zero. The tables with the covariance matrices of the transition amplitudes for all 1100 $(m_{3\pi}, t')$ cells can be downloaded via the 'Additional Resources' for this table.

Decay phase-space volume $I_{aa}$ for the 14 selected partial waves as a function of $m_{3\pi}$, normalized such that $I_{aa}(m_{3\pi} = 2.5~\text{GeV}/c^2) = 1$. The wave index $a$ represents the quantum numbers that uniquely define the partial wave. The quantum numbers are given by the shorthand notation $J^{PC} M^\varepsilon [$isobar$] \pi L$. We use this notation to label the decay phase-space volume in the column headers. The labels are identical to the ones used in the column headers of the table of the transition amplitudes. $I_{aa}$ is calculated using Monte Carlo integration techniques for fixed $m_{3\pi}$ values, which are given in the first column, in the range from 0.5 to 2.5 GeV/$c^2$ in steps of 10 MeV/$c^2$. The statistical uncertainties given for $I_{aa}$ are due to the finite number of Monte Carlo events. $I_{aa}(m_{3\pi})$ is defined in Eq. (6) in the paper and appears in the resonance model in Eqs. (19) and (20).


Transverse-momentum-dependent Multiplicities of Charged Hadrons in Muon-Deuteron Deep Inelastic Scattering

The COMPASS collaboration Aghasyan, M. ; Alexeev, M.G. ; Alexeev, G.D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 97 (2018) 032006, 2018.
Inspire Record 1624692 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83542

A semi-inclusive measurement of charged hadron multiplicities in deep inelastic muon scattering off an isoscalar target was performed using data collected by the COMPASS Collaboration at CERN. The following kinematic domain is covered by the data: photon virtuality $Q^{2}>1$ (GeV/$c$)$^2$, invariant mass of the hadronic system $W > 5$ GeV/$c^2$, Bjorken scaling variable in the range $0.003 < x < 0.4$, fraction of the virtual photon energy carried by the hadron in the range $0.2 < z < 0.8$, square of the hadron transverse momentum with respect to the virtual photon direction in the range 0.02 (GeV/$c)^2 < P_{\rm{hT}}^{2} < 3$ (GeV/$c$)$^2$. The multiplicities are presented as a function of $P_{\rm{hT}}^{2}$ in three-dimensional bins of $x$, $Q^2$, $z$ and compared to previous semi-inclusive measurements. We explore the small-$P_{\rm{hT}}^{2}$ region, i.e. $P_{\rm{hT}}^{2} < 1$ (GeV/$c$)$^2$, where hadron transverse momenta are expected to arise from non-perturbative effects, and also the domain of larger $P_{\rm{hT}}^{2}$, where contributions from higher-order perturbative QCD are expected to dominate. The multiplicities are fitted using a single-exponential function at small $P_{\rm{hT}}^{2}$ to study the dependence of the average transverse momentum $\langle P_{\rm{hT}}^{2}\rangle$ on $x$, $Q^2$ and $z$. The power-law behaviour of the multiplicities at large $P_{\rm{hT}}^{2}$ is investigated using various functional forms. The fits describe the data reasonably well over the full measured range.

162 data tables
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Final COMPASS results on the deuteron spin-dependent structure function $g_1^{\rm d}$ and the Bjorken sum rule

The COMPASS collaboration Adolph, C. ; Aghasyan, M. ; Akhunzyanov, R. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 769 (2017) 34-41, 2017.
Inspire Record 1501480 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.78374

Final results are presented from the inclusive measurement of deep-inelastic polarised-muon scattering on longitudinally polarised deuterons using a $^6$LiD target. The data were taken at $160~{\rm GeV}$ beam energy and the results are shown for the kinematic range $1~({\rm GeV}/c)^2 < Q^2 < 100~({\rm GeV}/c)^2$ in photon virtuality, $0.004<x<0.7$ in the Bjorken scaling variable and $W > 4~{\rm GeV}/c^2$ in the mass of the hadronic final state. The deuteron double-spin asymmetry $A_1^{\rm d}$ and the deuteron longitudinal-spin structure function $g_1^{\rm d}$ are presented in bins of $x$ and $Q^2$. Towards lowest accessible values of $x$, $g_1^{\rm d}$ decreases and becomes consistent with zero within uncertainties. The presented final $g_1^{\rm d}$ values together with the recently published final $g_1^{\rm p}$ values of COMPASS are used to again evaluate the Bjorken sum rule and perform the QCD fit to the $g_1$ world data at next-to-leading order of the strong coupling constant. In both cases, changes in central values of the resulting numbers are well within statistical uncertainties. The flavour-singlet axial charge $a_0$, {which is identified in the $\overline{\rm MS}$ renormalisation scheme with the total contribution of quark helicities to the nucleon spin}, is extracted from only the COMPASS deuteron data with negligible extrapolation uncertainty: $a_0 (Q^2 = 3~({\rm GeV}/c)^2) = 0.32 \pm 0.02_{\rm stat} \pm0.04_{\rm syst} \pm 0.05_{\rm evol}$. Together with the recent results on the proton spin structure function $g_1^{\rm p}$, the results on $g_1^{\rm d}$ constitute the COMPASS legacy on the measurements of $g_1$ through inclusive spin-dependent deep inelastic scattering.

6 data tables

Values of $A_1^d$ and $g_1^d$ for the COMPASS deuteron data at 160 GeV in $x$ bins averaged over $Q^2$.

Values of $A_1^d$ and $g_1^d$ for the COMPASS deuteron data at 160 GeV in (x, $Q^2$) bins.

Values of $g_1^{NS}$ for the COMPASS data in $x$ bins averaged over $Q^2$.

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Multiplicities of charged kaons from deep-inelastic muon scattering off an isoscalar target

The COMPASS collaboration Adolph, C. ; Agarwala, J. ; Aghasyan, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 767 (2017) 133-141, 2017.
Inspire Record 1483098 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77892

Precise measurements of charged-kaon multiplicities in deep inelastic scattering were performed. The results are presented in three-dimensional bins of the Bjorken scaling variable x, the relative virtual-photon energy y, and the fraction z of the virtual-photon energy carried by the produced hadron. The data were obtained by the COMPASS Collaboration by scattering 160 GeV muons off an isoscalar 6 LiD target. They cover the kinematic domain 1 (GeV/c)2 < Q2 < 60 (GeV/c)^2 in the photon virtuality, 0.004 < x < 0.4, 0.1 < y < 0.7, 0.20 < z < 0.85, and W > 5 GeV/c^2 in the invariant mass of the hadronic system. The results from the sum of the z-integrated K+ and K- multiplicities at high x point to a value of the non-strange quark fragmentation function larger than obtained by the earlier DSS fit.

2 data tables

Multiplicities of positively charged kaons from semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering of muons off an isoscalar target, $M^{K^{+}}$, in bins of $x$, $y$, and $z$. Also given are the diffractive vector meson correction to the kaon count, $DVM^{K^{+}}$, and DIS count, $DVM^{DIS}$, as well as the radiative correction factors to the kaon count, $\eta^{K^{+}}$, and DIS count, $\eta^{DIS}$. The correction factors were applied to the raw multiplicity to arrive at the final multiplicity given in the table, $M^{K^{+}}$, as follows: $M^{K^{+}}$ = $M_{raw}^{K^{+}}$ * $\frac{\eta^{K^{+}}} {\eta^{DIS}}$ * $\frac{ DVM^{K^{+}} } {DVM^{DIS} }$.

Multiplicities of negatively charged kaons from semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering of muons off an isoscalar target, $M^{K^{-}}$, in bins of $x$, $y$, and $z$. Also given are the diffractive vector meson correction to the kaon count, $DVM^{K^{-}}$, and DIS count, $DVM^{DIS}$, as well as the radiative correction factors to the kaon count, $\eta^{K^{-}}$, and DIS count, $\eta^{DIS}$. The correction factors were applied to the raw multiplicity to arrive at the final multiplicity given in the table, $M^{K^{-}}$, as follows: $M^{K^{-}}$ = $M_{raw}^{K^{-}}$ * $\frac{\eta^{K^{-}}} {\eta^{DIS}}$ * $\frac{ DVM^{K^{-}} } {DVM^{DIS} }$.


Multiplicities of charged pions and charged hadrons from deep-inelastic scattering of muons off an isoscalar target

The COMPASS collaboration Adolph, C. ; Agarwala, J. ; Aghasyan, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 764 (2017) 1-10, 2017.
Inspire Record 1444985 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.76800

Multiplicities of charged pions and unidentified hadrons produced in deep-inelastic scattering were measured in bins of the Bjorken scaling variable $x$, the relative virtual-photon energy $y$ and the relative hadron energy $z$. Data were obtained by the COMPASS Collaboration using a 160 GeV muon beam and an isoscalar target ($^6$LiD). They cover the kinematic domain in the photon virtuality $Q^2$ > 1(GeV/c$)^2$, $0.004 < x < 0.4$, $0.2 < z < 0.85$ and $0.1 < y < 0.7$. In addition, a leading-order pQCD analysis was performed using the pion multiplicity results to extract quark fragmentation functions.

4 data tables

Multiplicities of positively charged pions from semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering of muons off an isoscalar target, $M^{\pi^{+}}$, in bins of $x$, $y$, and $z$. Also given are the diffractive vector meson correction to the pion count, $DVM^{\pi^{+}}$, and DIS count, $DVM^{DIS}$, as well as the radiative correction factors to the pion count, $\eta^{\pi^{+}}$, and DIS count, $\eta^{DIS}$. The correction factors were applied to the raw multiplicity to arrive at the final multiplicity given in the table, $M^{\pi^{+}}$, as follows: $M^{\pi^{+}}$ = $M_{raw}^{\pi^{+}}$ * $\frac{\eta^{\pi^{+}}} {\eta^{DIS}}$ * $\frac{ DVM^{\pi^{+}} } {DVM^{DIS} }$.

Multiplicities of negatively charged pions from semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering of muons off an isoscalar target, $M^{\pi^{-}}$, in bins of $x$, $y$, and $z$. Also given are the diffractive vector meson correction to the pion count, $DVM^{\pi^{-}}$, and DIS count, $DVM^{DIS}$, as well as the radiative correction factors to the pion count, $\eta^{\pi^{-}}$, and DIS count, $\eta^{DIS}$. The correction factors were applied to the raw multiplicity to arrive at the final multiplicity given in the table, $M^{\pi^{-}}$, as follows: $M^{\pi^{-}}$ = $M_{raw}^{\pi^{-}}$ * $\frac{\eta^{\pi^{-}}} {\eta^{DIS}}$ * $\frac{ DVM^{\pi^{-}} } {DVM^{DIS} }$.

Multiplicities of unidentified positively charged hadrons from semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering of muons off an isoscalar target, $M^{h^{+}}$, in bins of $x$, $y$, and $z$. Also given are the diffractive vector meson correction to the hadron count, $DVM^{h^{+}}$, and DIS count, $DVM^{DIS}$, as well as the radiative correction factors to the hadron count, $\eta^{h^{+}}$, and DIS count, $\eta^{DIS}$. The correction factors were applied to the raw multiplicity to arrive at the final multiplicity given in the table, $M^{h^{+}}$, as follows: $M^{h^{+}}$ = $M_{raw}^{h^{+}}$ * $\frac{\eta^{h^{+}}} {\eta^{DIS}}$ * $\frac{ DVM^{h^{+}} } {DVM^{DIS} }$.

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The spin structure function $g_1^{\rm p}$ of the proton and a test of the Bjorken sum rule

The COMPASS collaboration Adolph, C. ; Akhunzyanov, R. ; Alexeev, M.G. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 753 (2016) 18-28, 2016.
Inspire Record 1357198 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.72819

New results for the double spin asymmetry $A_1^{\rm p}$ and the proton longitudinal spin structure function $g_1^{\rm p}$ are presented. They were obtained by the COMPASS collaboration using polarised 200 GeV muons scattered off a longitudinally polarised NH$_3$ target. The data were collected in 2011 and complement those recorded in 2007 at 160\,GeV, in particular at lower values of $x$. They improve the statistical precision of $g_1^{\rm p}(x)$ by about a factor of two in the region $x\lesssim 0.02$. A next-to-leading order QCD fit to the $g_1$ world data is performed. It leads to a new determination of the quark spin contribution to the nucleon spin, $\Delta \Sigma$ ranging from 0.26 to 0.36, and to a re-evaluation of the first moment of $g_1^{\rm p}$. The uncertainty of $\Delta \Sigma$ is mostly due to the large uncertainty in the present determinations of the gluon helicity distribution. A new evaluation of the Bjorken sum rule based on the COMPASS results for the non-singlet structure function $g_1^{\rm NS}(x,Q^2)$ yields as ratio of the axial and vector coupling constants $|g_{\rm A}/g_{\rm V}| = 1.22 \pm 0.05~({\rm stat.}) \pm 0.10~({\rm syst.})$, which validates the sum rule to an accuracy of about 9\%.

3 data tables

Values of $A_1^{\rm p}$ and $g_1^{\rm p}$ for the 2011 COMPASS data at 200 GeV in ($x$, $Q^2$) bins.

Values of $A_1^{\rm p}$ and $g_1^{\rm p}$ for the 2011 COMPASS data at 200 GeV in $x$ bins averaged over $Q^2$.

Values of $A_1^{\rm p}$ for the 2007 COMPASS data at 160 GeV in ($x$, $Q^2$) bins.


Spin alignment and violation of the OZI rule in exclusive $\omega$ and $\phi$ production in pp collisions

The COMPASS collaboration Adolph, C. ; Akhunzyanov, R. ; Alexeev, M.G. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 886 (2014) 1078-1101, 2014.
Inspire Record 1298025 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64185

Exclusive production of the isoscalar vector mesons $\omega$ and $\phi$ is measured with a 190 GeV$/c$ proton beam impinging on a liquid hydrogen target. Cross section ratios are determined in three intervals of the Feynman variable $x_{F}$ of the fast proton. A significant violation of the OZI rule is found, confirming earlier findings. Its kinematic dependence on $x_{F}$ and on the invariant mass $M_{p\mathrm{V}}$ of the system formed by fast proton $p_\mathrm{fast}$ and vector meson $V$ is discussed in terms of diffractive production of $p_\mathrm{fast}V$ resonances in competition with central production. The measurement of the spin density matrix element $\rho_{00}$ of the vector mesons in different selected reference frames provides another handle to distinguish the contributions of these two major reaction types. Again, dependences of the alignment on $x_{F}$ and on $M_{p\mathrm{V}}$ are found. Most of the observations can be traced back to the existence of several excited baryon states contributing to $\omega$ production which are absent in the case of the $\phi$ meson. Removing the low-mass $M_{p\mathrm{V}}$ resonant region, the OZI rule is found to be violated by a factor of eight, independently of $x_\mathrm{F}$.

5 data tables

Differential cross section ratio R(PHI/OMEGA) and corresponding OZI violation factors F(OZI). R(PHI/OMEGA) is multiplied by 100 to improve readability.

Differential cross section ratio R(PHI/OMEGA) and corresponding OZI violation factors F(OZI) for different cuts on the vector meson momentum P(V). R(PHI/OMEGA) is multiplied by 100 to improve readability.

Spin alignment RHO(00) extracted from the helicity angle distributions for PHI and OMEGA production, in the latter case with various cuts on P(V). The uncertainty is the propagated uncertainty from the linear fits, which in turn includes the quadratic sum of statistical uncertainties and uncertainties from the background subtraction.

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Version 2
Measurement of azimuthal hadron asymmetries in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering off unpolarised nucleons

The COMPASS collaboration Adolph, C. ; Akhunzyanov, R. ; Alekseev, M.G. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 886 (2014) 1046-1077, 2014.
Inspire Record 1278730 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64754

Spin-averaged asymmetries in the azimuthal distributions of positive and negative hadrons produced in deep inelastic scattering were measured using the CERN SPS muon beam at $160$ GeV/c and a $^6$LiD target. The amplitudes of the three azimuthal modulations $\cos\phi_h$, $\cos2\phi_h$ and $\sin\phi_h$ were obtained binning the data separately in each of the relevant kinematic variables $x$, $z$ or $p_T^{\,h}$ and binning in a three-dimensional grid of these three variables. The amplitudes of the $\cos \phi_h$ and $\cos 2\phi_h$ modulations show strong kinematic dependencies both for positive and negative hadrons.

17 data tables

ASYMUU(SIN(PHI(HADRON))) asymmetries for positive and negative hadrons as a function of XB. The errors are statistical only.

ASYMUU(SIN(PHI(HADRON))) asymmetries for positive and negative hadrons as a function of Z. The errors are statistical only.

ASYMUU(SIN(PHI(HADRON))) asymmetries for positive and negative hadrons as a function of PT(HADRON). The errors are statistical only.

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Transverse target spin asymmetries in exclusive $\rho^0$ muoproduction

The COMPASS collaboration Adolph, C ; Alekseev, M G ; Alexakhin, V Yu ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 731 (2014) 19-26, 2014.
Inspire Record 1257385 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66743

Exclusive production of $\rho^0$ mesons was studied at the COMPASS experiment by scattering 160 GeV/$c$ muons off transversely polarised protons. Five single-spin and three double-spin azimuthal asymmetries were measured as a function of $Q^2$, $x_{Bj}$, or $p_{T}^{2}$. The $\sin \phi_S$ asymmetry is found to be $-0.019 \pm 0.008(stat.) \pm 0.003(syst.)$. All other asymmetries are also found to be of small magnitude and consistent with zero within experimental uncertainties. Very recent calculations using a GPD-based model agree well with the present results. The data is interpreted as evidence for the existence of chiral-odd, transverse generalized parton distributions.

6 data tables

Single-spin azimuthal asymmetries for a transversely (T) polarised target and unpolarised (U) beam.

Single-spin azimuthal asymmetries for a transversely (T) polarised target and unpolarised (U) beam.

Single-spin azimuthal asymmetries for a transversely (T) polarised target and unpolarised (U) beam.

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Hadron Transverse Momentum Distributions in Muon Deep Inelastic Scattering at 160 GeV/$c$

The COMPASS collaboration Adolph, C. ; Alekseev, M.G. ; Alexakhin, V.Yu. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 73 (2013) 2531, 2013.
Inspire Record 1236358 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.61432

Multiplicities of charged hadrons produced in deep inelastic muon scattering off a $^6$LiD target have been measured as a function of the DIS variables $x_{Bj}$, $Q^2$, $W^2$ and the final state hadron variables $p_T$ and $z$. The $p_T^2$ distributions are fitted with a single exponential function at low values of $p_T^2$ to determine the dependence of $\langle p_T^2 \rangle$ on $x_{Bj}$, $Q^2$, $W^2$ and $z$. The $z$-dependence of $\langle p_T^2 \rangle$ is shown to be a potential tool to extract the average intrinsic transverse momentum squared of partons, $\langle k_{\perp}^2 \rangle$, as a function of $x_{Bj}$ and $Q^2$ in a leading order QCD parton model.

48 data tables

PT dependences of the differential multiplicities for 0.0045 < x_Bjorken < 0.0060 and 1.00 < Q^2 < 1.25 GeV^2 for Positive hadrons.

PT dependences of the differential multiplicities for 0.0060 < x_Bjorken < 0.0080 and 1.00 < Q^2 < 1.30 GeV^2 for Positive hadrons.

PT dependences of the differential multiplicities for 0.0060 < x_Bjorken < 0.0080 and 1.30 < Q^2 < 1.70 GeV^2 for Positive hadrons.

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