Transverse-target-spin asymmetry in exclusive $\omega$-meson electroproduction

The HERMES collaboration Airapetian, A. ; Akopov, N. ; Akopov, Z. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 75 (2015) 600, 2015.
Inspire Record 1391139 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.75465

Hard exclusive electroproduction of $\omega$ mesons is studied with the HERMES spectrometer at the DESY laboratory by scattering 27.6 GeV positron and electron beams off a transversely polarized hydrogen target. The amplitudes of five azimuthal modulations of the single-spin asymmetry of the cross section with respect to the transverse proton polarization are measured. They are determined in the entire kinematic region as well as for two bins in photon virtuality and momentum transfer to the nucleon. Also, a separation of asymmetry amplitudes into longitudinal and transverse components is done. These results are compared to a phenomenological model that includes the pion pole contribution. Within this model, the data favor a positive $\pi\omega$ transition form factor.

4 data tables

The amplitudes of the five sine and two cosine modulations as determined in the entire kinematic region. The results receive an additional 8.2% scale uncertainty corresponding to the target-polarization uncertainty.

The definition of intervals and the mean values of the kinematic variables.

Results on the kinematic dependences of the five asymmetry amplitudes $A_{UT}$ and two amplitudes $A_{UU}$. The first two columns correspond to the $-t'$ intervals $0.00 - 0.07 - 0.20$ GeV$^2$ and the last two columns to the $Q^{2}$ intervals $1.00 - 1.85 - 10.00$ GeV$^2$. The results receive an additional 8.2% scale uncertainty corresponding to the target-polarization uncertainty.

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Spin density matrix elements in exclusive $\omega$ electroproduction on $^1$H and $^2$H targets at 27.5 GeV beam energy

The HERMES collaboration Airapetian, A. ; Akopov, N. ; Akopov, Z. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 74 (2014) 3110, 2014.
Inspire Record 1305286 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.70751

Exclusive electroproduction of $\omega$ mesons on unpolarized hydrogen and deuterium targets is studied in the kinematic region of Q$^2$>1.0 GeV$^2$, 3.0 GeV < W < 6.3 GeV, and -t'< 0.2 GeV$^2$. Results on the angular distribution of the $\omega$ meson, including its decay products, are presented. The data were accumulated with the HERMES forward spectrometer during the 1996-2007 running period using the 27.6 GeV longitudinally polarized electron or positron beam of HERA. The determination of the virtual-photon longitudinal-to-transverse cross-section ratio reveals that a considerable part of the cross section arises from transversely polarized photons. Spin density matrix elements are presented in projections of Q$^2$ or -t'. Violation of s-channel helicity conservation is observed for some of these elements. A sizable contribution from unnatural-parity-exchange amplitudes is found and the phase shift between those amplitudes that describe transverse $\omega$ production by longitudinal and transverse virtual photons, $\gamma^{*}_{L} \to \omega_{T}$ and $\gamma^{*}_{T} \to \omega_{T}$, is determined for the first time. A hierarchy of helicity amplitudes is established, which mainly means that the unnatural-parity-exchange amplitude describing the $\gamma^*_T \to \omega_T$ transition dominates over the two natural-parity-exchange amplitudes describing the $\gamma^*_L \to \omega_L$ and $\gamma^*_T \to \omega_T$ transitions, with the latter two being of similar magnitude. Good agreement is found between the HERMES proton data and results of a pQCD-inspired phenomenological model that includes pion-pole contributions, which are of unnatural parity.

9 data tables

The 23 unpolarized and polarized $\omega$ SDMEs from the proton and deuteron data.

The 23 unpolarized and polarized $\omega$ SDMEs for the proton data in $Q^2$ intervals: $1.00 - 1.57 - 2.55 - 10.00$ GeV$^2$.

The 23 unpolarized and polarized $\omega$ SDMEs for the proton data in $-t'$ intervals: $0.000 - 0.044 - 0.105 - 0.200$ GeV$^2$.

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Multiplicities of charged pions and kaons from semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering by the proton and the deuteron

The HERMES collaboration Airapetian, A. ; Akopov, N. ; Akopov, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 87 (2013) 074029, 2013.
Inspire Record 1208547 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.62097

Multiplicities in semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering are presented for each charge state of \pi^\pm and K^\pm mesons. The data were collected by the HERMES experiment at the HERA storage ring using 27.6 GeV electron and positron beams incident on a hydrogen or deuterium gas target. The results are presented as a function of the kinematic quantities x_B, Q^2, z, and P_h\perp. They represent a unique data set for identified hadrons that will significantly enhance our understanding of the fragmentation of quarks into final-state hadrons in deep-inelastic scattering.

64 data tables

pi+ multiplicities from HERMES, Target: H, Target: D, VM subtracted.

pi- multiplicities from HERMES, Target: H, Target: D, VM subtracted.

K+ multiplicities from HERMES, Target: H, Target: D, VM subtracted.

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Measurement of the virtual-photon asymmetry $A_2$ and the spin-structure function $g_2$ of the proton

The HERMES collaboration Airapetian, A. ; Akopov, N. ; Akopov, Z. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 72 (2012) 1921, 2012.
Inspire Record 1082840 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66230

A measurement of the virtual-photon asymmetry A_2(x,Q^2) and of the spin-structure function g_2(x,Q^2) of the proton are presented for the kinematic range 0.004 < x < 0.9 and 0.18 GeV^2 < Q^2 < 20 GeV^2. The data were collected by the HERMES experiment at the HERA storage ring at DESY while studying inclusive deep-inelastic scattering of 27.6 GeV longitudinally polarized leptons off a transversely polarized hydrogen gas target. The results are consistent with previous experimental data from CERN and SLAC. For the x-range covered, the measured integral of g_2(x) converges to the null result of the Burkhardt-Cottingham sum rule. The x^2 moment of the twist-3 contribution to g_2(x) is found to be compatible with zero.

4 data tables

The spin-structure function $xg_2(x,Q^2)$ and virtual-photon asymmetry $A_2(x,Q^2)$ of the proton in bins of $(x,Q^2)$, see text for details. Statistical and systematic uncertainties are presented separately.

The spin-structure function $xg_2$ and the virtual-photon asymmetry $A_2$ of the proton after evolving to common $Q^2$ and averaging over in each $x$-bin (see text for details). Statistical and systematic uncertainties are presented separately.

Correlation matrix for $xg_2$ in 9 $x$-bins (as in Table 2).

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Inclusive Measurements of Inelastic Electron and Positron Scattering from Unpolarized Hydrogen and Deuterium Targets

The HERMES collaboration Airapetian, A. ; Akopov, N. ; Akopov, Z. ; et al.
JHEP 05 (2011) 126, 2011.
Inspire Record 894309 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66147

Results of inclusive measurements of inelastic electron and positron scattering from unpolarized protons and deuterons at the HERMES experiment are presented. The structure functions $F_2^p$ and $F_2^d$ are determined using a parameterization of existing data for the longitudinal-to-transverse virtual-photon absorption cross-section ratio. The HERMES results provide data in the ranges $0.006\leq x\leq 0.9$ and 0.1 GeV$^2\leq Q^2\leq$ 20 GeV$^2$, covering the transition region between the perturbative and the non-perturbative regimes of QCD in a so-far largely unexplored kinematic region. They are in agreement with existing world data in the region of overlap. The measured cross sections are used, in combination with data from other experiments, to perform fits to the photon-nucleon cross section using the functional form of the ALLM model. The deuteron-to-proton cross-section ratio is also determined.

3 data tables

Results on the differential Born cross section $\frac{d^2\sigma^p}{dx\,dQ^2}$ and $F_2^p$. The statistical uncertainty $\delta_{stat.}$ and the systematic uncertainties $\delta_{PID}$ (particle identification), $\delta_{model}$ (model dependence outside the acceptance), $\delta_{mis.}$ (misalignment), and $\delta_{rad.}$ (Bethe-Heitler efficiencies) are given in percent. Corresponding $x$ bin numbers and $Q^2$ bin numbers and the average values $\langle x \rangle$ and $\langle {Q^2} \rangle$ are listed in the first four columns. The overall normalization uncertainty is 7.6 %. The structure function $F_2^p$ is derived using the parameterization $R=R_{1998}$.

Results on the differential Born cross section $\frac{d^2\sigma^d}{dx\,dQ^2}$ and $F_2^d$. The statistical uncertainty $\delta_{stat.}$ and the systematic uncertainties $\delta_{PID}$ (particle identification), $\delta_{model}$ (model dependence outside the acceptance), $\delta_{mis.}$ (misalignment), and $\delta_{rad.}$ (Bethe-Heitler efficiencies), are given in percent. Corresponding $x$ bin numbers and $Q^2$ bin numbers and the average values $\langle x \rangle$ and $\langle{Q^2}\rangle$ are listed in the first four columns. The overall normalization uncertainty is 7.5 %. The structure function $F_2^d$ is derived using the parameterization $R=R_{1998}$.

Results on the inelastic Born cross-section ratio ${\sigma^d}/{\sigma^p}$. The statistical uncertainty $\delta_{stat.}$, the systematic uncertainty $\delta_{rad.}$ due to radiative corrections and $\delta_{model}$ due to the model dependence outside the acceptance are given in percent. The average values of $x$ and $Q^2$ are listed in the first two columns. The overall normalization uncertainty is 1.4$\%$.


Hadronization in semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering on nuclei

The HERMES collaboration Airapetian, A. ; Akopov, N. ; Akopov, Z. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 780 (2007) 1-27, 2007.
Inspire Record 749249 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.13387

A series of semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering measurements on deuterium, helium, neon, krypton, and xenon targets has been performed in order to study hadronization. The data were collected with the HERMES detector at the DESY laboratory using a 27.6 GeV positron or electron beam. Hadron multiplicities on nucleus A relative to those on the deuteron, R_A^h, are presented for various hadrons (\pi^+, \pi^-, \pi^0, K^+, K^-, p, and \bar{p}) as a function of the virtual-photon energy \nu, the fraction z of this energy transferred to the hadron, the photon virtuality Q^2, and the hadron transverse momentum squared p_t^2. The data reveal a systematic decrease of R_A^h with the mass number A for each hadron type h. Furthermore, R_A^h increases (decreases) with increasing values of \nu (z), increases slightly with increasing Q^2, and is almost independent of p_t^2, except at large values of p_t^2. For pions two-dimensional distributions also are presented. These indicate that the dependences of R_A^{\pi} on \nu and z can largely be described as a dependence on a single variable L_c, which is a combination of \nu and z. The dependence on L_c suggests in which kinematic conditions partonic and hadronic mechanisms may be dominant. The behaviour of R_A^{\pi} at large p_t^2 constitutes tentative evidence for a partonic energy-loss mechanism. The A-dependence of R_A^h is investigated as a function of \nu, z, and of L_c. It approximately follows an A^{\alpha} form with \alpha \approx 0.5 - 0.6.

228 data tables

PI+ multiplicty ratio (Helium/Deuterium) as a function of NU.

K+ multiplicty ratio (Helium/Deuterium) as a function of NU.

P multiplicty ratio (Helium/Deuterium) as a function of NU.

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Beam-Spin Asymmetries in the Azimuthal Distribution of Pion Electroproduction

The HERMES collaboration Airapetian, A. ; Akopov, Z. ; Amarian, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 648 (2007) 164-170, 2007.
Inspire Record 735612 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41783

A measurement of the beam-spin asymmetry in the azimuthal distribution of pions produced in semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering off protons is presented. The measurement was performed using the {HERMES} spectrometer with a hydrogen gas target and the longitudinally polarized 27.6 GeV positron beam of HERA. The sinusoidal amplitude of the dependence of the asymmetry on the angle $\phi$ of the hadron production plane around the virtual photon direction relative to the lepton scattering plane was measured for $\pi^+,\pi^-$ and $\pi^0$ mesons. The dependence of this amplitude on the Bjorken scaling variable and on the pion fractional energy and transverse momentum is presented. The results are compared to theoretical model calculations.

6 data tables

Beam SSA as a function of Z, X, hadronic PT and Q**2.

Beam SSA as a function of Z, X, hadronic PT and Q**2.

Beam SSA as a function of Z, X, hadronic PT and Q**2.

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Precise determination of the spin structure function g(1) of the proton, deuteron and neutron

The HERMES collaboration Airapetian, A. ; Akopov, N. ; Akopov, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 75 (2007) 012007, 2007.
Inspire Record 726689 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.11211

Precise measurements of the spin structure functions of the proton $g_1^p(x,Q^2)$ and deuteron $g_1^d(x,Q^2)$ are presented over the kinematic range $0.0041 \leq x \leq 0.9$ and $0.18 $ GeV$^2$ $\leq Q^2 \leq 20$ GeV$^2$. The data were collected at the HERMES experiment at DESY, in deep-inelastic scattering of 27.6 GeV longitudinally polarized positrons off longitudinally polarized hydrogen and deuterium gas targets internal to the HERA storage ring. The neutron spin structure function $g_1^n$ is extracted by combining proton and deuteron data. The integrals of $g_1^{p,d}$ at $Q^2=5$ GeV$^2$ are evaluated over the measured $x$ range. Neglecting any possible contribution to the $g_1^d$ integral from the region $x \leq 0.021$, a value of $0.330 \pm 0.011\mathrm{(theo.)}\pm0.025\mathrm{(exp.)}\pm 0.028$(evol.) is obtained for the flavor-singlet axial charge $a_0$ in a leading-twist NNLO analysis.

23 data tables

Integrals of G1 for P, DEUT and N targets.. The second DSYS systematic error is due to the uncertainty in the parameterizations (R, F2, A2, Azz, omegaD).. The third DSYS systematic error is due to the uncertainty in evolving to a common Q**2.

Integrals of G1 for the Non-Singlet contributions.. The second DSYS systematic error is due to the uncertainty in the parameterizations (R, F2, A2, Azz, omegaD).. The third DSYS systematic error is due to the uncertainty in evolving to a common Q**2. Axis error includes +- 5.2/5.2 contribution.

Integrals of G1 over different X ranges for P target at various Q*2 values. The second DSYS systematic error is due to the uncertainty in the parameterizations (R, F2, A2, Azz, omegaD).. The third DSYS systematic error is due to the uncertainty in evolving to a common Q**2. Axis error includes +- 5.2/5.2 contribution.

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Double spin asymmetries in the cross-section of rho0 and phi production at intermediate-energies

The HERMES collaboration Airapetian, A. ; Akopov, N. ; Akopov, Z. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 29 (2003) 171-179, 2003.
Inspire Record 613068 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.46493

Double-spin asymmetries in the cross section of electroproduction of $\rho^0$ and $\phi$ mesons on the proton and deuteron are measured at the HERMES experiment. The photoabsorption asymmetry in exclusive $\rho^0$ electroproduction on the proton exhibits a positive tendency. This is consistent with theoretical predictions that the exchange of an object with unnatural parity contributes to exclusive $\rho^0$ electroproduction by transverse photons. The photoabsorption asymmetry on the deuteron is found to be consistent with zero. Double-spin asymmetries in $\rho^0$ and $\phi $ meson electroproduction by quasi-real photons were also found to be consistent with zero: the asymmetry in the case of the $\phi$ meson is compatible with a theoretical prediction which involves $s\bar{s}$ knockout from the nucleon.

7 data tables

The photoabsorption asymmetry A1 for exclusive RHO0 production.

The photoabsorption asymmetry A1 for exclusive PHI electroproduction.

The photoabsorption asymmetry A1 for electroproduction of RHO0 mesons by quasi-real photons.

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The Q**2 dependence of the generalized Gerasimov-Drell-Hearn integral for the deuteron, proton and neutron

The HERMES collaboration Airapetian, A. ; Akopov, N. ; Akopov, Z. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 26 (2003) 527-538, 2003.
Inspire Record 600098 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.45286

The Gerasimov-Drell-Hearn (GDH) sum rule connects the anomalous contribution to the magnetic moment of the target nucleus with an energy-weighted integral of the difference of the helicity-dependent photoabsorption cross sections. The data collected by HERMES with a deuterium target are presented together with a re-analysis of previous measurements on the proton. This provides a measurement of the generalised GDH integral covering simultaneously the nucleon-resonance and the deep inelastic scattering regions. The contribution of the nucleon-resonance region is seen to decrease rapidly with increasing $Q^2$. The DIS contribution is sizeable over the full measured range, even down to the lowest measured $Q^2$. As expected, at higher $Q^2$ the data are found to be in agreement with previous measurements of the first moment of $g_1$. From data on the deuteron and proton, the GDH integral for the neutron has been derived and the proton--neutron difference evaluated. This difference is found to satisfy the fundamental Bjorken sum rule at $Q^2 = 5$ GeV$^2$.

6 data tables

The value of the GDH integral, as a function of Q**2 , for the deuteron in three W**2 regions, the total ( > 1 GeV**2), the nucleon resonance ( 1 to 4.2 GeV**2) and the DIS (4.2 to 45 GeV**2).

The value of the GDH integral, as a function of Q**2 , for the proton in three W**2 regions, the total ( > 1 GeV**2), the nucleon resonance ( 1 to 4.2 GeV**2) and the DIS (4.2 to 45 GeV**2).

The value of the GDH integral, as a function of Q**2 , for the neutron in three W**2 regions, the total ( > 1 GeV**2), the nucleon resonance ( 1 to 4.2 GeV**2) and the DIS (4.2 to 45 GeV**2).

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