Measurement of observables sensitive to coherence effects in hadronic Z decays with the OPAL detector at LEP

The OPAL collaboration Fischer, Nadine ; Gieseke, Stefan ; Kluth, Stefan ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C75 (2015) 571, 2015.
Inspire Record 1367303 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73695

A study of QCD coherence is presented based on a sample of about 397,000 $e^{+}e^{-}$ hadronic annihilation events collected at $\sqrt{s}=91$  GeV with the OPAL detector at LEP. The study is based on four recently proposed observables that are sensitive to coherence effects in the perturbative regime. The measurement of these observables is presented, along with a comparison with the predictions of different parton shower models. The models include both conventional parton shower models and dipole antenna models. Different ordering variables are used to investigate their influence on the predictions.

14 data tables

The normalized corrected data at the hadron level for the emission angle $\theta_{14}$.

The correlation matrix of the normalized corrected data at the hadron level for the emission angle $\theta_{14}$.

The normalized corrected data at the hadron level for the mass ratio $\rho=M_L^2/M_H^2$.

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Measurement of the e+ e- ---> W+ W- cross section and W decay branching fractions at LEP

The OPAL collaboration
Eur.Phys.J. C52 (2007) 767-785, 2007.
Inspire Record 757918 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48533

From a total data sample of 701.1 pb^-1 recorded with e+e- centre-of-mass energies of sqrt = 161-209 GeV with the OPAL detector at LEP, 11693 W-pair candidate events are selected. These data are used to obtain measurements of the W-pair production cross sections at 10 different centre-of-mass energies. The ratio of the measured cross sections to the Standard Model expectation is found to be: data/SM = 1.002 +- 0.011(stat.) +- 0.007(syst.) +- 0.005(theory), where the uncertainties are statistical, experimental systematics and theory systematics respectively. The data are used to determine the W boson branching fractions, which are found to be consistent with lepton universality of the charged current interaction. Assuming lepton universality, the branching ratio to hadrons is determined to be 67.41 +- 0.37(stat.) +- 0.23(syst.)%, from which the CKM matrix element Vcs is determined to be 0.96+-0.017(stat.)+-0.012(syst.). The differential cross section as a function of the W^- production angle is measured for the qqev and qqmv final states. The results described in this paper are consistent with the expectations from the Standard Model.

5 data tables

Measured cross section for the (lepton nu lepton nu) decay mode.

Measured cross section for the (quark quark lepton nu) decay mode.

Measured cross section for the (quark quark quark quark) decay mode.

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Inclusive Jet Production in Photon-Photon Collisions at s(ee)**(1/2) from 189 to 209-GeV

The OPAL collaboration
Phys.Lett. B658 (2008) 185-192, 2008.
Inspire Record 754316 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48798

Inclusive jet production (e+e- -> e+e- +jet+X) is studied in collisions of quasi-real photons radiated by the LEP beams at e+e- centre-of-mass energies sqrt see from 189 to 209 GeV. Jets are reconstructed using the kp jet algorithm. The inclusive differential cross-section is measured as a function of the jet transverse momentum, ptjet, in the range 5 <ptjet < 40 GeV for pseudo-rapidities, etaj, in the range -1.5 < etaj < 1.5. The results are compared to predictions of perturbative QCD in next-to-leading order in the strong coupling constant.

2 data tables

Inclusive jet cross section for the absolute jet pseudorapidity < 1.0.

Inclusive jet cross section for the absolute jet pseudorapidity < 1.5.


Inclusive production of charged hadrons in photon-photon collisions

The OPAL collaboration
Phys.Lett. B651 (2007) 92-101, 2007.
Inspire Record 734955 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48554

The inclusive production of charged hadrons in the collisions of quasi-real photons e+e- -> e+e- +X has been measured using the OPAL detector at LEP. The data were taken at e+e- centre-of-mass energies from 183 to 209 GeV. The differential cross-sections as a function of the transverse momentum and the pseudorapidity of the hadrons are compared to theoretical calculations of up to next-to-leading order (NLO) in the strong coupling constant alpha{s}. The data are also compared to a measurement by the L3 Collaboration, in which a large deviation from the NLO predictions is observed.

12 data tables

Differential inclusive charged hadron production cross section as a function of PT.

Differential inclusive charged hadron production cross section as a function of PT.

Differential inclusive charged hadron production cross section as a function of PT.

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Measurement of event shape distributions and moments in e+ e- ---> hadrons at 91-GeV - 209-GeV and a determination of alpha(s)

The OPAL collaboration
Eur.Phys.J. C40 (2005) 287-316, 2005.
Inspire Record 669402 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48652

We have studied hadronic events from e+e- annihilation data at centre-of-mass energies from 91 to 209 GeV. We present distributions of event shape observables and their moments at each energy and compare with QCD Monte Carlo models. From the event shape distributions we extract the strong coupling alpha_s and test its evolution with energy scale. The results are consistent with the running of alpha_s expected from QCD. Combining all data, the value of alpha_s(M_Z) is determined to be alpha_s(M_Z) = 0.1191 +- 0.0005 (stat.) +- 0.0010 (expt.) +- 0.0011 (hadr.) +- 0.0044 (theo.). The energy evolution of the moments is also used to determine a value of alpha_s with slightly larger errors: alpha_s(M_Z) = 0.1223 +- 0.0005 (stat.) +- 0.0014 (expt.) +- 0.0016 (hadr.) +0.0054 -0.0036 (theo.).

27 data tables

Measured normalized differential distribution for 1-THRUST.

Measured normalized differential distribution for HEAVY-JET-MASS.

Measured normalized differential distribution for C-PARAMETER.

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Scaling violations of quark and gluon jet fragmentation functions in e+ e- annihilations at s**(1/2) = 91.2-GeV and 183-GeV to 209-GeV

The OPAL collaboration
Eur.Phys.J. C37 (2004) 25-47, 2004.
Inspire Record 648738 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.74689

Flavour inclusive, udsc and b fragmentation functions in unbiased jets, and flavour inclusive, udsc, b and gluon fragmentation functions in biased jets are measured in e+e- annihilations from data collected at centre-of-mass energies of 91.2, and 183-209 GeV with the OPAL detector at LEP. The unbiased jets are defined by hemispheres of inclusive hadronic events, while the biased jet measurements are based on three-jet events selected with jet algorithms. Several methods are employed to extract the fragmentation functions over a wide range of scales. Possible biases are studied in the results are obtained. The fragmentation functions are compared to results from lower energy e+e- experiments and with earlier LEP measurements and are found to be consistent. Scaling violations are observed and are found to be stronger for the fragmentation functions of gluon jets than for those of quarks. The measured fragmentation functions are compared to three recent theoretical next-to-leading order calculations and to the predictions of three Monte Carlo event generators. While the Monte Carlo models are in good agreement with the data, the theoretical predictions fail to describe the full set of results, in particular the b and gluon jet measurements.

11 data tables

The udsc jet fragmentation function in bins of $x_{\rm E}$ and scale. The scale denotes $Q_{\rm jet}$ for the biased jets and is given by the intervals, while it denotes $\sqrt{s}/2$ for the unbiased jets and is given by the single values. These data are displayed in Fig.7.

The b jet fragmentation function in bins of $x_{\rm E}$ and scale. The scale denotes $Q_{\rm jet}$ for the biased jets and is given by the intervals, while it denotes $\sqrt{s}/2$ for the unbiased jets and is given by the single values. These data are displayed in Fig. 8. In the region 0.48 $<x_{\rm E}<$ 0.90 and $Q_{\rm jet}=$ 30-70 GeV, no measurement was possible due to low statistics.

The gluon jet fragmentation functions in bins of $x_{\rm E}$ and scale $Q_{\rm jet}$ obtained from the biased jets using the b-tag method (BT). These data are displayed in Fig. 9. In the region 0.48 $<x_{\rm E}<$ 0.90 and $Q_{\rm jet}=$ 30-42 GeV for the b-tag method, no measurement was possible due to low statistics.

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W boson polarization at LEP2

The OPAL collaboration
Phys.Lett. B585 (2004) 223-236, 2004.
Inspire Record 635790 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49660

Elements of the spin density matrix for W bosons in e+e- -> W+W- -> qqln events are measured from data recorded by the OPAL detector at LEP. This information is used calculate polarised differential cross-sections and to search for CP-violating effects. Results are presented for W bosons produced in e+e- collisions with centre-of-mass energies between 183 GeV and 209 GeV. The average fraction of W bosons that are longitudinally polarised is found to be (23.9 +- 2.1 +- 1.1)% compared to a Standard Model prediction of (23.9 +- 0.1)%. All results are consistent with CP conservation.

7 data tables

The fraction of longitudinal polarization for leptonically and hadronically decaying W bosons. The average values for all the centre of mass energies and for both lepton and hadron decay combined are also given.

The luminosity weighted average over all the centre of mass energies of the diagonal elements of the RHO++ and RHO-- SDM as a function of the cosine of the angle of the W- boson for the leptonic decay channel.

The luminosity weighted average over all the centre of mass energies of the diagonal element of the RHO00 SDM as a function of the cosine of the angle of the W- boson for both leptonic and hadronic decay channels, and combined.

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Experimental studies of unbiased gluon jets from $e^{+} e^{-}$ annihilations using the jet boost algorithm

The OPAL collaboration
Phys.Rev. D69 (2004) 032002, 2004.
Inspire Record 631361 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.74246

We present the first experimental results based on the jet boost algorithm, a technique to select unbiased samples of gluon jets in e+e- annihilations, i.e. gluon jets free of biases introduced by event selection or jet finding criteria. Our results are derived from hadronic Z0 decays observed with the OPAL detector at the LEP e+e- collider at CERN. First, we test the boost algorithm through studies with Herwig Monte Carlo events and find that it provides accurate measurements of the charged particle multiplicity distributions of unbiased gluon jets for jet energies larger than about 5 GeV, and of the jet particle energy spectra (fragmentation functions) for jet energies larger than about 14 GeV. Second, we apply the boost algorithm to our data to derive unbiased measurements of the gluon jet multiplicity distribution for energies between about 5 and 18 GeV, and of the gluon jet fragmentation function at 14 and 18 GeV. In conjunction with our earlier results at 40 GeV, we then test QCD calculations for the energy evolution of the distributions, specifically the mean and first two non-trivial normalized factorial moments of the multiplicity distribution, and the fragmentation function. The theoretical results are found to be in global agreement with the data, although the factorial moments are not well described for jet energies below about 14 GeV.

5 data tables

The charged particle multiplicity distribution of gluon jets, $n_{\rm gluon}^{\rm ch.}$, for $E_{\rm g}^*$$\,=\,$5.25, 5.98 and 6.98 GeV. The data have been corrected for detector acceptance and resolution, for event selection, and for gluon jet impurity.

The charged particle multiplicity distribution of gluon jets, $n_{\rm gluon}^{\rm ch.}$, for $E_{\rm g}^*$$\,=\,$8.43 and 10.92 GeV. The data have been corrected for detector acceptance and resolution, for event selection, and for gluon jet impurity.

The charged particle multiplicity distribution of gluon jets, $n_{\rm gluon}^{\rm ch.}$, for $E_{\rm g}^*$$\,=\,$14.24 and 17.72 GeV. The data have been corrected for detector acceptance and resolution, for event selection, and for gluon jet impurity.

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Tests of the standard model and constraints on new physics from measurements of fermion pair production at 189-GeV to 209-GeV at LEP

The OPAL collaboration
Eur.Phys.J. C33 (2004) 173-212, 2004.
Inspire Record 628491 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.43174

Cross-section and angular distributions for hadronic and lepton-pair final states in e+e- collisions at centre-of-mass energies between 189 GeV and 209 GeV, measured with the OPAL detector at LEP, are presented and compared with the predictions of the Standard Model. The measurements are used to determine the electromagnetic coupling constant alphaem at LEP2 energies. In addition, the results are used together with OPAL measurements at 91-183 GeV within the S-matrix formalism to determine the gamma-Z interference term and to make an almost model-independent measurement of the Z mass. Limits on extensions to the Standard Model described by effective four-fermion contact interactions or the addition of a heavy Z boson are also presented.

18 data tables

CM energy values.

Measured cross section for QUARK QUARKBAR (HADRON) production. The data are corrected to no interference between initial and final state radiation.

Measured cross section for MU+ MU- production. The data are corrected to no interference between initial and final state radiation.

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Study of Z pair production and anomalous couplings in e+ e- collisions at s**(1/2) between 190-GeV and 209-GeV

The OPAL collaboration
Eur.Phys.J. C32 (2003) 303-322, 2003.
Inspire Record 630099 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49700

A study of Z-boson pair production in e+e- annihilation at center-of-mass energies between 190 GeV and 209 GeV is reported. Final states containing only leptons, (l+l-l+l- and l+l-nn), quark and lepton pairs, (qql+l-, qqnn) and only hadrons (qqqq) are considered. In all states with at least one Z boson decaying hadronically, lifetime, lepton and event-shape tags are used to separate bb pairs from qq final state. Limits on anomalous ZZgamma and ZZZ couplings are derived from the measured cross sections and from event kinematics using an optimal observable method. Limits on low scale gravity with large dimensions are derived from the cross sections and their dependence on polar angle.

1 data table

The NC2 Z0-pair cross sections obtained from fits to the data.


Measurement of isolated prompt photon production in photon photon collisions at s(ee)**(1/2) = 183 GeV - 209-GeV

The OPAL collaboration
Eur.Phys.J. C31 (2003) 491-502, 2003.
Inspire Record 619533 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48831

For the first time at LEP the production of prompt photons is studied in the collisions of quasi-real photons using the OPAL data taken at e+e- centre-of-mass energies between 183 GeV and 209 GeV. The total inclusive production cross-section for isolated prompt photons in the kinematic range of photon transverse momentum larger than 3.0 GeV and absolute photon pseudorapidity less than 1 is determined to be 0.32 +- 0.04 (stat) +- 0.04 (sys) pb. Differential cross-sections are compared to the predictions of a next-to-leading-order (NLO) calculation.

5 data tables

The total prompt photon cross section in the kinematic range defined by theanti tagging condition.

Differential cross section in PT.

Differential cross section in ETARAP.

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Dijet production in photon-photon collisions at s(ee)**(1/2) from 189-GeV to 209-GeV

The OPAL collaboration
Eur.Phys.J. C31 (2003) 307-325, 2003.
Inspire Record 611415 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49662

Di-jet producion is studied in collisions of quasi-real photons at e+e- centre- of-mass energies sqrt(s)ee from 189 to 209 GeV at LEP. The data were collected with the OPAL detector. Jets are reconstructed using an inclusive k_t clustering algorithm for all cross-section measurements presented. A cone jet algorithm is used in addition to study the different structure of the jets resulting from either of the algorithms. The inclusive di-jet cross-section is measured as a function of the mean transverse energy Etm(jet) of the two leading jets, and as a functiuon of the estimated fraction of the photon momentum carried by the parton entering the hard sub-process, xg, for different regions of Etm (jet). Angular distribution in di-jet events are measured and used to demonstrate the dominance of quark and gluon initiated processes in different regions of phase space. Furthermore the inclusive di-jet cross-section as a function of |eta(jet)| and |delta eta (jet)| is presented where eta(jet) is the jet pseudo-rapidity. Different regions of the xg+ -xg- -space are explored to study and control the influence of an underlying event. The results are compared to next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations and to the predictions of the leading order Monte Carlo generator PYTHIA.

21 data tables

The di-jet cross section as a function of the angle between the jet and thedirection of the incoming parton in the centre-of-mass frame for the region whe re both X(C=GAMMA+) and X(C=GAMMA-) are > 0.75.

The di-jet cross section as a function of the angle between the jet and thedirection of the incoming parton in the centre-of-mass frame for the region whe re both X(C=GAMMA+) and X(C=GAMMA-) are < 0.75.

The di-jet cross section as a function of the mean transverse energy of thedi-jet system for the full X(C=GAMMA+) and X(C=GAMMA-) region.

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Charged particle multiplicities in heavy and light quark initiated events above the Z0 peak

The OPAL collaboration
Phys.Lett. B550 (2002) 33-46, 2002.
Inspire Record 601225 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49792

We have measured the mean charged particle multiplicities separately for bbbar, ccbar and light quark (uubar, ddbar, ssbar) initiated events produced in e+e- annihilations at LEP. The data were recorded with the OPAL detector at eleven different energies above Z0 peak, corresponding to the full statistics collected at LPE1.5 and LEP2. The difference in mean charged and particle multiplicities for bbbar and light quark events, delta_bl, measured over this energy range is consistent with an energy independent behaviour, as predicted by QCD, but is inconsistent with the prediction of a more phenomenological approach which assumes that the multiplicity accompanying the decay of a heavy quark is independent of the quark mass itself. Our results, which can be combined into the single measurement delta_bl = 3.44+-0.40(stat)+-0.89(syst) at a luminosity weighted average centre-of mass energy of 195 GeV, are also consistent with an energy independent behaviour as extrapolated from lower energy data.

1 data table

Corrected mean charged particle multiplicities for the different quark quarkbar initiated events.


Measurement of the cross-section for the process gamma gamma ---> p anti-p at s(e e)**(1/2) = 183-GeV to 189-GeV at LEP

The OPAL collaboration
Eur.Phys.J. C28 (2003) 45-54, 2003.
Inspire Record 595836 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48881

The exclusive production of proton-antiproton pairs in the collisions of two quasi-real photons had been studied using data taken at sqrt(s)_ee=183 GeV and 189 GeV with the OPAL detector at LEP. Results are presented for Ppbar invariant masses, W, in the range 2.15 W< <3.95 GeV. The cross-section measurements are compared with previous data and with recent analytic calculations based on the quark-diquark model.

3 data tables

Cross section as a function of the invariant mass of the pbar-p pair.

Cross section for two photon production of the pbar-p pair.

Angular distributions in 3 W ranges.


Charged particle momentum spectra in e+ e- annihilation at s**(1/2) = 192-GeV to 209-GeV

The OPAL collaboration
Eur.Phys.J. C27 (2003) 467-481, 2003.
Inspire Record 595335 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48893

Charged particle momentum distributions are studied in the reaction e+e- -> hadrons, using data collected with the OPAL detector at centre-of-mass energies from 192 GeV to 209 GeV. The data correspond to an average centre-of- mass energy of 201.7 GeV and a total integrated luminosity of 433 pb-1. The measured distributions and derived quantities, in combination with corresponding results obtained at lower centre-of-mass energies, are compared to QCD predictions in various theoretical approaches to study the energy dependence of the strong interaction and to test QCD as the theory describing it. In general, a good agreement is found between the measurements and the corresponding QCD predictions.

5 data tables

The measured values of the PTIN distribution.

The measured values of the PTOUT distribution.

The measured values of the rapidity, YRAP, distribution.

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Inclusive analysis of the b quark fragmentation function in Z decays at LEP

The OPAL collaboration
Eur.Phys.J. C29 (2003) 463-478, 2003.
Inspire Record 599181 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.43196

A study of b quark hadronisation is presented using inclusively reconstructed B hadrons in about four million hadronic Z decays recorded in 1992-2000 with the OPAL detector at LEP. The data are compared to different theoretical models, and fragmentation function parameters of these models are fitted. The average scaled energy of weakly decaying B hadrons is determined to be &lt;xe>=0.7193+-0.0016(stat)+0.0036-0.0031(syst)

4 data tables

No description provided.

Correlation matrix of statistical uncertainties.

Correlation matrix of positive systematic uncertainties.

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Measurement of the charm structure function F2(c)(gamma) of the photon at LEP

The OPAL collaboration
Phys.Lett. B539 (2002) 13-24, 2002.
Inspire Record 587909 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49793

The production of charm quarks is studied in deep-inelastic electron-photon scattering using data recorded by the OPAL detector at LEP at normal e+e- centre-of-mass energies from 183 to 209 GeV. The charm quarks have been identified by full reconstruction of charged D* mesons using their decays into D0pi with the D0 observed in two decay modes with charged particle final states, Kpi and K3pi. The cross-section sigma(D*) for production of charged D* in the reaction e+e- -> e+e-D*X is measured in a restricted kinematical region using two bins in Bjorken x, 0.0014 < x < 0.1 and 0.1 < x < 0.87. From sigma(D*) the charm production cross-section sigma(e+e- -> e+e- ccbar X) and the charm structure function of the photon F 2,c are determined in the region 0.0014 < x < 0.87 and 5 < Q2 < 100 GeV2. For x > 0.1 the perturbative QCD calculation at next-to-leading order agrees perfectly with the measured cross-section. For x < 0.1 the measured cross-section is 43.8 +- 14.3 +- 6.3 +- 2.8 pb with a next-to-leading order prediction of 17.0+2.9-2.3 p.b

3 data tables

The inclusive D* production cross section.

The inclusive charm quark pair cross section. The second DSYS error is due to extrapolation.

The measured structure function F2(C=CHARM). The second DSYS error is due to extrapolation.


Measurement of the hadronic photon structure function F**gamma(2) at LEP-2

The OPAL collaboration
Phys.Lett. B533 (2002) 207-222, 2002.
Inspire Record 583115 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49744

The hadronic structure of the photon F2gamma is measured as a function of Bjorken x and of the photon virtuality Q2 using deep-inelastic scattering data taken by the OPAL detector at LEP at e+e- centre-of-mass energies from 183 to 209 GeV. Previous OPAL measurements of the x dependence of F2gamma are extended to an average Q2 of <Q2>=780GeV2 using data in the kinematic range 0.15 < x < 0.98. The Q2 evolution of F2gamma is studied for 12.1 < <Q2> < 780GeV2 using three ranges of x. As predicted by QCD, the data show positive scaling violations in F2gamma for the central x region 0.10-0.60. Several parameterisations of F2gamma are in qualitative agreement with the measurements whereas the quark-parton model prediction fails to describe the data.

13 data tables

F2 and DSIG/DX for the EE sample in the high Q**2 region as a function of X.

Statistical correlations between the bins in the preceding table.

The measured value of F2 and DSIG/DX for the SW data sample in the Q**2 range 9 to 15 GeV**2.

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Measurement of the hadronic cross-section for the scattering of two virtual photons at LEP

The OPAL collaboration
Eur.Phys.J. C24 (2002) 17-31, 2002.
Inspire Record 563730 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48895

The interaction of virtual photons is investigated using the reaction e+e- -> e+e- hadrons based on data taken by the OPAL experiment at e+e- centre-of-mass energies sqrt(s_ee)=189-209 GeV, for W>5 GeV and at an average Q^2 of 17.9 GeV^2. The measured cross-sections are compared to predictions of the Quark Parton Model (QPM), to the Leading Order QCD Monte Carlo model PHOJET to the NLO prediction for the reaction e+e- -> e+e-qqbar, and to BFKL calculations. PHOJET, NLO e+e- -> e+e-qqbar, and QPM describe the data reasonably well, whereas the cross-section predicted by a Leading Order BFKL calculation is too large.

11 data tables

Total cross section in the given phase space and assuming ALPHA = 1/137.

Differential cross section as a function of X where X is the maximum value of X1 or X2, the upper and lower vertex values.

Differential cross section as a function of Q**2 where Q**2 is the maximum value of Q1**2 or Q2**2, the upper and lower vertex values.

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Particle multiplicity of unbiased gluon jets from $e^{+} e^{-}$ three jet events

The OPAL collaboration
Eur.Phys.J. C23 (2002) 597-613, 2002.
Inspire Record 565517 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49742

The charged particle multiplicities of two- and three-jet events from the reaction e+e- -> Z0 -> hadrons are measured for Z0 decays to light quark (uds) flavors. Using recent theoretical expressions to account for biases from event selection, results corresponding to unbiased gluon jets are extracted over a range of jet energies from about 11 to 30 GeV. We find consistency between these results and direct measurements of unbiased gluon jet multiplicity from upsilon and Z0 decays. The unbiased gluon jet data including the direct measurements are compared to corresponding results for quark jets. We perform fits based on analytic expressions for particle multiplicity in jets to determine the ratio r = Ng/Nq of multiplicities between gluon and quark jets as a function of energy. We also determine the ratio of slopes, r(1) = (dNg/dy)/(dNq/dy), and of curvatures, r(2) = (d2Ng/dy2)/(d2Nq/dy2), where y specifies the energy scale. At 30 GeV, we find r = 1.422 +/- 0.051, r(1) = 1.761 +/- 0.071 and r(2) = 1.98 +/- 0.13, where the uncertainties are the statistical and systematic terms added in quadrature. These results are in general agreement with theoretical predictions. In addition, we use the measurements of the energy dependence of Ng and Nq to determine an effective value of the ratio of QCD color factors, CA/CF. Our result, CA/CF = 2.23 +/- 0.14 (total), is consistent with the QCD value of 2.25.

4 data tables

Measurements of the mean charged particle multiplicity of biased two-jet uds flavour events from Z0 decays as a function of the transverse momentum cutoff PT(C=LU) used to separate two- and three-jet events.

Measurements of the mean charged particle multiplicity of three-jet uds flavour 'Y events' from Z0 decays, as a function of the angle THETA1 between the lowest two energy jets. The results for the quark jet scale SQRT(S(C=QQBAR)) and the gluon jet scales PT(C=LU) and PT(C=LE) are also given.

Measurements of the unbiased gluon multiplicity as a function of the energy scale Q=PT(C=LU). The corresponding bins of THETA1 in 'Y events' are also indicated.

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Search for lepton flavor violation in e+ e- collisions at s**(1/2) = 189-GeV - 209-GeV

The OPAL collaboration
Phys.Lett. B519 (2001) 23-32, 2001.
Inspire Record 562543 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49819

We search for lepton flavour violating events (e mu, e tau and mu tau) that could be directly produced in e+e- annihilations, using the full available data sample collected with the OPAL detector at centre-of-mass energies between 189 GeV and 209 GeV. In general, the Standard Model expectations describe the data well for all the channels and at each sqrt(s). A single e mu event is observed where according to our Monte Carlo simulations only 0.019 events are expected from Standard Model processes. We obtain the first limits on the cross-sections sigma(e+e- -> e mu, e tau and mu tau) as a function of sqrt(s) at LEP2 energies.

1 data table

No description provided.


Measurement of Z / gamma* production in Compton scattering of quasi-real photons

The OPAL collaboration
Eur.Phys.J. C24 (2002) 1-15, 2002.
Inspire Record 560307 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49750

The process e+ e- -> e+ e- Z/gamma* is studied with the OPAL detector at LEP at a centre of mass energy of sqrt(s) = 189 GeV. The cross-section times the branching ratio of the Z/gamma* decaying into hadrons is measured within Lorentz invariant kinematic limits to be (1.2 +/- 0.3 +/- 0.1) pb for invariant masses of the hadronic system between 5 GeV and 60 GeV and (0.7 +/- 0.2 +/- 0.1) pb for hadronic masses above 60 GeV. The differential cross-sections of the Mandelstam variables s-hat, t-hat, and u-hat are measured and compared with the predictions from the Monte Carlo generators grc4f and PYTHIA. From this, based on a factorisation ansatz, the total and differential cross-sections for the subprocess e gamma -> e Z/gamma* are derived.

9 data tables

Measured values of the cross section times the branching ratio for the (Z0/GAMMA*) decay into hadrons within the restricted kinematic limits.

Differential cross-section dsig_ee/dm_qq.

Differential cross-section dsigma_ee/dsqrt(shat).

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Measurement of the branching ratio for the process b ---> tau- anti-nu(tau) X

The OPAL collaboration
Phys.Lett. B520 (2001) 1-10, 2001.
Inspire Record 561580 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49743

The inclusive branching ratio for the process b -> tau nu X has been measured using hadronic Z decays collected by the OPAL experiment at LEP in the years 1992-2000. The result is: BR(b -> tau nu X) = (2.78 +/- 0.18 +/- 0.51)% This measurement is consistent with the Standard Model expectation and puts a constraint of tan(beta) / M(H+/-) < 0.53 GeV-1 at the 95% confidence level on Type II Two Higgs Doublet Models.

1 data table

TAN(BETA) is the two-Higgs-doublet model parameter, while M_H is the mass of charged Higgs.


Measurement of |V(ub)| using b hadron semileptonic decay

The OPAL collaboration
Eur.Phys.J. C21 (2001) 399-410, 2001.
Inspire Record 559675 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49835

The magnitude of the CKM matrix element Vub is determined by measuring the inclusive charmless semileptonic branching fraction of beauty hadrons at OPAL based on b -> Xu l nu event topology and kinematics. This analysis uses OPAL data collected between 1991 and 1995, which correspond to about four million hadronic Z decays. We measure Br(b -> Xu l) to be (1.63 +/- 0.53 +0.55/-0.62) x 10^(-3). The first uncertainty is the statistical error and the second is the systematic error. From this analysis, Vub is determined to be: |Vub| = (4.00 +/- 0.65(stat) +0.67/-0.76(sys) +/- 0.19(HQE)) x 10^(-3). The last error represents the theoretical uncertainties related to the extraction of |Vub| from Br(b -> Xu l) using the Heavy Quark Expansion.

1 data table

CKM is Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa (CKM) matrix element. The last DSYS error comes from the theoretical uncertainty.


Measurement of the branching ratio for D(s)- ---> tau- anti-nu(tau) decays

The OPAL collaboration
Phys.Lett. B516 (2001) 236-248, 2001.
Inspire Record 553945 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49836

Using about 3.9 million hadronic Z decays from e+e- collisions recorded by the OPAL detector at LEP at centre-of-mass energies near MZ the branching ratio for the decay D_s -> tau nu_tau has been measured to be (7.0 +/- 2.1(stat) +/- 2.0 (syst))%. This result can be used to derive the decay constant of the D_s meson: f(D_s) = 286 +/- 44(stat) +/- 41(syst) MeV.

1 data table

FORMFACTOR(NAME=FP,C=DECAY CONSTANT) is pseudoscalar meson decay constant.