Production of $\pi^+$, $\pi^-$, $K^+$, $K^-$, p and $\bar{\rm p}$ in Light ($uds$), $c$ and $b$ Jets from $Z^0$ Decays

The SLD collaboration Abe, Koya ; Abe, Kenji ; Abe, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 69 (2004) 072003, 2004.
Inspire Record 630327 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22177

We present improved measurements of the differential production rates of stable charged particles in hadronic Z0 decays, and of charged pions, kaons and protons identified over a wide momentum range using the SLD Cherenkov Ring Imaging Detector. In addition to flavor-inclusive Z0 decays, measurements are made for Z0 decays into light (u, d, s), c and b primary flavors, selected using the upgraded Vertex Detector. Large differences between the flavors are observed that are qualitatively consistent with expectations based upon previously measured production and decay properties of heavy hadrons. These results are used to test the predictions of QCD in the Modified Leading Logarithm Approximation, with the ansatz of Local Parton-Hadron Duality, and the predictions of three models of the hadronization process. The light-flavor results provide improved tests of these predictions, as they do not include the contribution of heavy-hadron production and decay; the heavy-flavor results provide complementary model tests. In addition we have compared hadron and antihadron production in light quark (as opposed to antiquark) jets. Differences are observed at high momentum for all three charged hadron species, providing direct probes of leading particle effects, and stringent constraints on models.

11 data tables

Production rates of all stable charged particles. The statistical and systematic errors are shown separately for the momentum distribution. They are combined in quadrature for the other two distributions. The first DSYS error is due tothe uncertainty in the track finding efficiency and the second DSYS error is th e rest of the systematic error.

The charged pion fraction and differential production rate per hadronic Z0 decay.

The charged kaon fraction and differential production rate per hadronic Z0 decay.

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Measurement of the b-quark fragmentation function in Z0 decays.

The SLD collaboration Abe, Koya ; Abe, Kenji ; Abe, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 65 (2002) 092006, 2002.
Inspire Record 582951 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.72835

We present a measurement of the b-quark inclusive fragmentation function in Z0 decays using a novel kinematic B-hadron energy reconstruction technique. The measurement was performed using 350,000 hadronic Z0 events recorded in the SLD experiment at SLAC between 1997 and 1998. We compared the sacled B-hadron energy distribution with models of b-quark fragmentation and with several ad hoc functional forms. A number of models and functions are excluded by the data. The average scaled energy of weakly-decaying B hadrons was measured to be <x_B>= 0.709 +-0.003 (stat) +-0.003 (syst) +-0.002 (model).

2 data tables

DATA FROM THE ERRATUM (PR D66,079905,2002). Measurement of the fragmentation function of weakly decaying B-hadrons in Z0 decays. First systematic (DSYS) error is the systematic error, the second is the estimated error due to the model dependence of the unfolding procedure.

DATA FROM ORIGINAL PAPER, SUPERSEDED BY ERRATUM (SEE ABOVE TABLE). Measurement of the fragmentation function of weakly decaying B-hadrons in Z0 decays. First systematic (DSYS) error is the systematic error, the second is the estimated error due to the model dependence of the unfolding procedure.


Improved measurement of the probability for gluon splitting into b anti-b in Z0 decays.

The SLD collaboration Abe, Koya ; Abe, Kenji ; Abe, T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 507 (2001) 61-69, 2001.
Inspire Record 552756 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41701

We have measured gluon splitting into bottom quarks, g→b b ̄ , in hadronic Z 0 decays collected by SLD between 1996 and 1998. The analysis was performed by looking for secondary bottom production in 4-jet events of any primary flavor. 4-jet events were identified, and in each event a topological vertex-mass technique was applied to the two jets closest in angle in order to identify them as b or b ̄ jets. The upgraded CCD-based vertex detector gives very high B -tagging efficiency, especially for B hadrons with the low energies typical of this process. We measured the rate of g→b b ̄ production per hadronic event, g b b ̄ , to be (2.44±0.59(stat.)±0.34(syst.))×10 −3 .

1 data table

No description provided.


An improved direct measurement of leptonic coupling asymmetries with polarized Z bosons.

The SLD collaboration Abe, Koya ; Abe, Kenji ; Abe, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 86 (2001) 1162-1166, 2001.
Inspire Record 534735 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41720

We present final measurements of the Z boson-lepton coupling asymmetry parameters Ae, Amu, and Atau with the complete sample of polarized Z bosons collected by the SLD detector at the SLAC Linear Collider. From the left-right production and decay polar angle asymmetries in leptonic Z decays we measure Ae = 0.1544 +- 0.0060, Amu = 0.142 +- 0.015, and Atau = 0.136 +- 0.015. Combined with our left-right asymmetry measured from hadronic decays, we find Ae = 0.1516 +- 0.0021. Assuming lepton universality, we obtain a combined effective weak mixing angle of sin**2 theta^{eff}_W = 0.23098 +- 0.00026.

1 data table

No description provided.


Measurement of A(c) with charmed mesons at SLD.

The SLD collaboration Abe, Kenji ; Abe, Koya ; Abe, Toshinori ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 63 (2001) 032005, 2001.
Inspire Record 533573 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41721

We present a direct measurement of the parity-violation parameter $A_c$ in the coupling of the $Z^0$ to $c$-quarks with the SLD detector. The measurement is based on a sample of 530k hadronic $Z^0$ decays, produced with a mean electron-beam polarization of $|P_e| = 73 %$. The tagging of $c$-quark events is performed using two methods: the exclusive reconstruction of $D^{\ast+}$, $D^+$, and $D^0$ mesons, and the soft-pions ($\pi_s$) produced in the decay of $D^{\ast+}\to D^0 \pi_s^+$. The large background from $D$ mesons produced in $B$ hadron decays is separated efficiently from the signal using precision vertex information. The combination of these two methods yields $A_c = 0.688 \pm 0.041.$

1 data table

CONST(NAME=A_C) is connected with the forward-backward asymmetry by following way: ASYM(NAME=FB) = ABS(P_e)*CONST(NAME=A_C)*2z/(1 + z**2), where z = cos(theta), theta is the polar angle of the outgoing fermion relative to the incident electron, P_e is the longitudinal polarization of the electron beam. Two values for constant A_c were obtained using two different c-quark tagging methods: exclusive charmed-meson reconstruction (C=EXCLUSIVE) and inclusive soft-pion analysis (C=SOFT_PIONS).


First direct measurement of the parity-violating coupling of the Z0 to the s-quark.

The SLD collaboration Abe, Koya ; Abe, Kenji ; Abe, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 85 (2000) 5059-5063, 2000.
Inspire Record 528730 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41736

We have made the first direct measurement of the parity-violating coupling of the Z^0 boson to the strange quark, A_s, using ~550,000 e^+e^- ->Z^0->hadrons events produced with a polarized electron beam and recorded by the SLD experiment. Z^0 -> s-sbar events were tagged by the absence of B or D hadrons and the presence in each hemisphere of a high-momentum K^+- or K^0_s. From the polar angle distributions of the strangeness-signed thrust axis, we obtained A_s=0.895+-0.066(stat.)+-0.062(syst.). The analyzing power and u-ubar plus d-dbar background were constrained using the data.

1 data table

No description provided.


A high-precision measurement of the left-right Z boson cross-section asymmetry.

The SLD collaboration Abe, Kenji ; Abe, Koya ; Abe, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 84 (2000) 5945-5949, 2000.
Inspire Record 526448 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.35323

We present a measurement of the left-right cross-section asymmetry (ALR) for Z boson production by e+e- collisions. The measurement includes the final data taken with the SLD detector at the SLAC Linear Collider (SLC) during the period 1996-1998. Using a sample of 383,487 Z decays collected during the 1996-1998 runs we measure the pole-value of the asymmetry, ALR0, to be 0.15056+-0.00239 which is equivalent to an effective weak mixing angle of sin2th(eff) = 0.23107+-0.00030. Our result for the complete 1992-1998 dataset comprising 537 thousand Z decays is sin2th(eff) = 0.23097+-0.00027.

6 data tables

The observed, corrected asymmetry measurement using the 1997-98 data sets.

The observed, corrected asymmetry measurement using the 1996 data sets.

The pole asymmetry for the 1997-98 data sets.

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Precise measurement of the b-quark fragmentation function in Z0 boson decays.

The SLD collaboration Abe, Kenji ; Abe, Koya ; Abe, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 84 (2000) 4300-4304, 2000.
Inspire Record 512427 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19428

We have developed a new technique for inclusive reconstruction of the energy of B hadrons. The excellent efficiency and resolution of this technique allow us to make the most precise determination of the b-quark fragmentation function, using e+e- -> Z0 decays recorded in the SLD experiment at SLAC. We compared our measurement with the predictions of a number of fragmentation models. We excluded several of these models and measured the average scaled energy of weakly-decaying B hadrons to be <x_B>=0.714+-0.005(stat)+-0.007(syst) +-0.002(model dependence).

1 data table

Unfolded distribution of weakly decaying scaled B-hadron enery with statistical errors only.


Production of pi+, K+, K0, K*0, phi, p and Lambda0 in hadronic Z0 decays

The SLD collaboration Abe, K. ; Abe, T. ; Akagi, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 59 (1999) 052001, 1999.
Inspire Record 469925 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.40518

We have measured the differential production cross sections as a function of scaled momentum x_p=2p/E_cm of the identified hadron species pi+, K+, K0, K*0, phi, p, Lambda0, and of the corresponding antihadron species in inclusive hadronic Z0 decays, as well as separately for Z0 decays into light (u, d, s), c and b flavors. Clear flavor dependences are observed, consistent with expectations based upon previously measured production and decay properties of heavy hadrons. These results were used to test the QCD predictions of Gribov and Lipatov, the predictions of QCD in the Modified Leading Logarithm Approximation with the ansatz of Local Parton-Hadron Duality, and the predictions of three fragmentation models. Ratios of production of different hadron species were also measured as a function of x_p and were used to study the suppression of strange meson, strange and non-strange baryon, and vector meson production in the jet fragmentation process. The light-flavor results provide improved tests of the above predictions, as they remove the contribution of heavy hadron production and decay from that of the rest of the fragmentation process. In addition we have compared hadron and antihadron production as a function of x_p in light quark (as opposed to antiquark) jets. Differences are observed at high x_p, providing direct evidence that higher-momentum hadrons are more likely to contain a primary quark or antiquark. The differences for pseudoscalar and vector kaons provide new measurements of strangeness suppression for high-x_p fragmentation products.

35 data tables

Charged pion fraction and differential cross section per hadron Z0 decay. The last line in the table is the integral over the full X range of the measurement.. There is an additional 1.7 PCT normalization error (included in the integral).

Charged kaon fraction and differential cross section per hadron Z0 decay. The last line in the table is the integral over the full X range of the measurement.. There is an additional 1.7 PCT normalization error (included in the integral).

Proton fraction and differential cross section per hadron Z0 decay. The last line in the table is the integral over the full X range of the measurement.. There is an additional 1.7 PCT normalization error (included in the integral).

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Measurement of the B hadron energy distribution in Z0 decays.

The SLD collaboration Abe, K. ; Akagi, T. ; Allen, N.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 56 (1997) 5310-5319, 1997.
Inspire Record 445191 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22273

We have measured the B hadron energy distribution in Z0 decays using a sample of semi-leptonic B decays recorded in the SLD experiment at SLAC. The energy of each tagged B hadron was reconstructed using information from the lepton and a partially reconstructed charm-decay vertex. We compared the scaled energy distribution with several models of heavy quark fragmentation. The average scaled energy of primary B hadrons was found to be &lt;x_E_B> = 0.716 +- 0.011 (stat.) +0.022 -0.021 (syst.).

2 data tables

Bin center values for X are given.

No description provided.