The cross section and forward-backward muon charge asymmetry for the e + e − → μ + μ − γ reaction were measured to be σ =2.82±0.35 pb and A =−0.34±0.10 with the VENUS detector at TRISTAN at 〈√ s 〉=59.2GeV for an integrated luminosity of 53.5 pb −1 . The measured cross section agrees with the theoretical prediction. The asymmetry result is consistent with the electroweak prediction but not with the QED prediction at the level of 2 σ .
The total hadronic cross section in e + e − annihilation has been measured at s = 57.77 GeV using 290 pb −1 data sample collected with the VENUS detector at KEK TRISTAN. The cross section obtained is 140.3 ±1.8 pb for s ′/ s ≥0.5, where s ′ is the square of the invariant mass of the final state hadrons. The present result together with the recent results from the LEP collaborations is used to determine the hadronic γ − Z 0 interference parameter, j tot had , to be 0.196±0.083. The result is in good agreement with the Standard Model prediction of 0.220.
The statistical and systematic errors are added in quadrature.
The reaction e+e−→μ+μ− has been measured at s=57.77GeV, based on 289.6±2.6 pb−1 data collected with the VENUS detector at TRISTAN. The production cross section is measured in bins of the production angle within an angular acceptance of |cosθ|<~0.75, according to a model-independent definition. The result is consistent with the prediction of the standard electroweak theory. Although a trend in measurements at lower energies that the total cross section tends to be smaller than the prediction remains, the discrepancy is not significant. The model-independent result is converted to the differential cross section in the effective-Born scheme by unfolding photon-radiation effects. This result can be extrapolated to quantities for the full solid angle as σtotEB=30.05±0.59 pb and AFBEB=−0.350±0.017, by imposing an ordinary assumption on the production-angle dependence. The converted results are used to set constraints on extensions of the standard theory. S-matrix parametrization, and possible contributions from contact interactions and heavy neutral-scalar exchanges are examined.
Primary model-independant results.
Differential cross section in the effective-Born scheme.
Total cross section and forward backward asymmetry results in the effective-Born scheme.
The cross section of the γγ → p p reaction was measured at two-photon center-of-mass energy ( W γγ ) between 2.2 and 3.3 GeV, using the two-photon process at an e + e − collider, TRISTAN. The W γγ dependence of the cross section integrated over a c.m. angular region of | cos θ ∗ | < 0.6 is in good agreement with the previous measurements and the theoreticalv prediction based on diquark model in the high W γγ region.
Numerical values supplied by Hirhoshi Hamasaki.
The polarization of tau leptons in the reaction e+ e- --> tau+ tau- has been measured using a e+e- collider, TRISTAN, at the center-of-mass energy of 58 GeV. From the kinematical distributions of daughter particles in tau --> e nu nu-bar, mu nu nu-bar, rho nu or pi(K) nu decays, the average polarization of tau- and its forward-backward asymmetry have been evaluated to be 0.012 +- 0.058 and 0.029 +- 0.057, respectively.
Charged-conjugated states are included. The polarization is measured from final charged-particle energy spectrum. The last value is the combination of the results for all decay modes. The systematic error is not given.
Charged-conjugated states are included. The forward-backward asymmetry of the polarization is defined as (SIG(F)*POL-SIG(B)*POL)/(SIG(F)*POL+SIG(B)*POL). The last value is the combination of the results for all decay modes. The systematic error is not given.
Using the VENUS detector at TRISTAN we have investigated the charm-quark production by detecting D*+ - mesons in the two-photon process of e+et - collisions. The study has confirmed that the charm-quark production rate is larger than that predicted from direct cc̅ production alone. The distribution of the transverse momentum of the D*+ t- mesons and the forward energy flow associated with the D*+ - production suggest that the main part of the observed excess comes from the contribution of a resolved photon process.
D* production cross section in the given kinematic ranges under the anti-tagging condition |cos(theta(e+-))|>0.990.
Bhabha scattering at a center-of-mass energy of 57.77 GeV has been measured using the VENUS detector at KEK TRISTAN. The precision is better than 1% in scattering angle regions of |cosθ|⩽0.743 and 0.822⩽cosθ⩽0.968. A model-independent scattering-angle distribution is extracted from the measurement. The distribution is in good agreement with the prediction of the standard electroweak theory. The sensitivity to underlying theories is examined, after unfolding the photon-radiation effect. The q2 dependence of the photon vacuum polarization, frequently interpreted as a running of the QED fine-structure constant, is directly observed with a significance of three standard deviations. The Z0 exchange effect is clearly seen when the distribution is compared with the prediction from QED (photon exchanges only). The agreement with the standard theory leads us to constraints on extensions of the standard theory. In all quantitative discussions, correlations in the systematic error between angular bins are taken into account by employing an error matrix technique.
Cross section is integrated over the cos(theta ) bin.
Inclusive baryon-antibaryon pair production was studied in two-photon events which were collected at the e+e− collider TRISTAN, and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 303 pbt?1. Correlations between a baryon and an antibaryon were studied for their flavors (p or Λ) and their momentum vectors. The experimental results were compared with the expectations from a jet-fragmentation Monte Carlo simulation. We have found that although the ratios of the cross sections of different baryon-flavor combinations are consistent with the Monte Carlo expectations, the cross section shows an excess over the Monte Carlo expectation in a low invariant-mass region of final-state particles at large angles, that indicates a significant contribution from higher-order QCD or non-perturbative effects. The experimental data show no narrow azimuthal-angle correlation, which is expected from a jet-fragmentation Monte Carlo. A search for exclusive Λ pair production has also been made. We have no candidates and have obtained the upper limit for the cross section.
Topological cross section for events in anti-tagged two photon processes.
Ratios of cross sections. Here 'p' includes the protons from the decay of any hadrons, except for lambdas. 'lambda' includes all decay products.
Upper limits (95% CL) assuming shape of the W dependence is W**(-12)(BETA*(LAMBDA)) where BETA*(LAMBDA) is the velocity of the LAMBDA in the c.m. frame of the gamma-gamma.
ABS(COS(THETA)) < 0.4 for M(P=3 4) = 1.025 GeV.
No description provided.
We have studied single photon production in e + e − annihilation based on a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 164.1 pb −1 at s =58 GeV . The single photon yield is consistent with the prediction of the standard model with three light neutrino species. No anomalous signal has been observed. From this result left- and right-handed scalar electrons in the mass degenerate case are excluded at 90% CL below 44.4 GeV/ c 2 for the massless photino.