Long- and short-range correlations and their event-scale dependence in high-multiplicity pp collisions at $\boldsymbol{\sqrt{{\textit s}}}=13$ TeV

The ALICE collaboration Acharya, Shreyasi ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Adler, Alexander ; et al.
JHEP 05 (2021) 290, 2021.
Inspire Record 1840098 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.105588

Two-particle angular correlations are measured in high-multiplicity proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =13$ TeV by the ALICE Collaboration. The yields of particle pairs at short-($\Delta\eta$$\sim$ 0) and long-range ($1.6 < |\Delta\eta| < 1.8$) in pseudorapidity are extracted on the near-side ($\Delta\varphi$$\sim$ 0). They are reported as a function of transverse momentum ($p_{\mathrm T}$) in the range $1 <p_{\mathrm T}< 4$ GeV/$c$. Furthermore, the event-scale dependence is studied for the first time by requiring the presence of high-$p_{\rm T}$ leading particles and jets for varying $p_{\rm T}$ thresholds. The results demonstrate that the long-range "ridge" yield, possibly related to the collective behavior of the system, is present in events with high-$p_{\mathrm T}$ processes. The magnitudes of the short- and long-range yields are found to grow with the event scale. The results are compared to EPOS LHC and PYTHIA 8 calculations, with and without string-shoving interactions. It is found that while both models describe the qualitative trends in the data, calculations from EPOS LHC show a better quantitative agreement, in particular for the $p_{\rm T}$ and event-scale dependencies.

8 data tables

Long-range $\Delta\varphi$ projections in minimum bias and high-multiplicity events for various $p_\mathrm{T,trig(assoc)}$ ranges.

Ridge yield as a function of $p_\mathrm{T,trig(assoc)}$ in high-multiplicity events.

Long-range $\Delta\varphi$ projections in high-multiplicity events with event-scale selections, requiring minimum $p_\mathrm{T,jet}$

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Freeze-out radii extracted from three-pion cumulants in pp, p-Pb and Pb-Pb collisions at the LHC

The ALICE collaboration Abelev, Betty Bezverkhny ; Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 739 (2014) 139-151, 2014.
Inspire Record 1288705 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.65772

In high-energy collisions, the spatio-temporal size of the particle production region can be measured using the Bose-Einstein correlations of identical bosons at low relative momentum. The source radii are typically extracted using two-pion correlations, and characterize the system at the last stage of interaction, called kinetic freeze-out. In low-multiplicity collisions, unlike in high-multiplicity collisions, two-pion correlations are substantially altered by background correlations, e.g. mini-jets. Such correlations can be suppressed using three-pion cumulant correlations. We present the first measurements of the size of the system at freeze-out extracted from three-pion cumulant correlations in pp, p-Pb and Pb-Pb collisions at the LHC with ALICE. At similar multiplicity, the invariant radii extracted in p-Pb collisions are found to be 5-15% larger than those in pp, while those in Pb-Pb are 35-55% larger than those in p-Pb. Our measurements disfavor models which incorporate substantially stronger collective expansion in p-Pb as compared to pp collisions at similar multiplicity.

27 data tables

Mixed charge C3 and c3 in pp collisions projected against 1 of a mixed-charge pair invariant relative momentum.

Same charge C3 and c3 in pp collisions projected against Q3.

Same charge C3 and c3 in p Pb collisions projected against Q3.

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Measurement of jet suppression in central Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}$ = 2.76 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Aggarwal, Madan Mohan ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 746 (2015) 1-14, 2015.
Inspire Record 1343112 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.68483

The transverse momentum ($p_{\rm T}$) spectrum and nuclear modification factor ($R_{\rm AA}$) of reconstructed jets in 0-10% and 10-30% central Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}=2.76$ TeV were measured. Jets were reconstructed from charged and neutral particles, utilizing the ALICE tracking detectors and Electromagnetic Calorimeter (EMCal), with the anti-$k_{\rm T}$ jet algorithm with a resolution parameter of R=0.2. The jet $p_{\rm T}$ spectra are reported in the pseudorapidity interval of $|{\eta}_{\rm jet}|<0.5$ for $40<p_{\rm T,jet}<120$ GeV/$c$ in 0-10% and for $30<p_{\rm T,jet}<100$ GeV/$c$ in 10-30% collisions. Reconstructed jets were required to contain a leading charged particle with $p_{\rm T}>5$ GeV/$c$ to suppress jets constructed from the combinatorial background in Pb-Pb collisions. The effect of the leading charged particle requirement has been studied in both pp and Pb-Pb collisions and has been shown to have negligible effects on the $R_{\rm AA}$ within the uncertainties of the measurement. The nuclear modification factor is obtained by dividing the jet spectrum measured in Pb-Pb by that in pp collisions scaled by the number of independent nucleon-nucleon collisions estimated using a Glauber model. $R_{\rm AA}$ is found to be $0.28\pm0.04$ in 0-10% and $0.35\pm0.04$ in 10-30% collisions, independent of $p_{\rm T,jet}$ within the uncertainties of the measurement. The observed suppression is in fair agreement with expectations from two model calculations with different approaches to jet quenching.

7 data tables

The $\delta{p}_{\mathrm{T}}$ distribution for $R=0.2$ with the random-cone and the embedded-track methods in the 10% most central events, with $p_{\mathrm{T}}^{\mathrm{probe}}=60$ GeV/$c$ for the embedded-track method.

The spectra of $R=0.2$ jets with a leading track requirement of $5$ GeV/$c$ in inelastic pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}=2.76$ TeV.

The spectra of $R=0.2$ jets with a leading track requirement of $5$ GeV/$c$ in 0-10% and 10-30% most central Pb-Pb collisions scaled by 1/$N_{\mathrm{coll}}$ at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=2.76$ TeV.

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Flow dominance and factorization of transverse momentum correlations in Pb-Pb collisions at the LHC

The ALICE collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Aggarwal, Madan Mohan ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 118 (2017) 162302, 2017.
Inspire Record 1512772 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.78231

We present the first measurement of the two-particle transverse momentum differential correlation function, $P_2\equiv\langle \Delta p_{\rm T} \Delta p_{\rm T} \rangle /\langle p_{\rm T} \rangle^2$, in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{\rm NN}}} =$ 2.76 TeV. Results for $P_2$ are reported as a function of relative pseudorapidity ($\Delta \eta$) and azimuthal angle ($\Delta \varphi$) between two particles for different collision centralities. The $\Delta \phi$ dependence is found to be largely independent of $\Delta \eta$ for $|\Delta \eta| \geq$ 0.9. In 5% most central Pb-Pb collisions, the two-particle transverse momentum correlation function exhibits a clear double-hump structure around $\Delta \varphi = \pi$ (i.e., on the away side), which is not observed in number correlations in the same centrality range, and thus provides an indication of the dominance of triangular flow in this collision centrality. Fourier decompositions of $P_2$, studied as a function of collision centrality, show that correlations at $|\Delta \eta| \geq$ 0.9 can be well reproduced by a flow ansatz based on the notion that measured momentum correlations are strictly determined by the collective motion of the system.

19 data tables

Projection of $P_{2}$ along $\Delta\varphi$ in 0-5% centrality in the range $|\Delta \eta| \geq$ 0.9

$v_{2}$ coefficients measured from $P_2$ for particle pairs in the range $0.2 \leq |\Delta\eta| \leq 0.9$.

$v_{2}$ coefficients measured from $P_2$ for particle pairs in the range $0.9 \leq |\Delta\eta| \leq 1.9$.

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$J/\psi$ suppression at forward rapidity in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=2.76$ TeV

The ALICE collaboration Abelev, Betty ; Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 109 (2012) 072301, 2012.
Inspire Record 1088222 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.60297

The ALICE experiment has measured the inclusive J/$\psi$ production in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}} } = 2.76$ TeV down to zero transverse momentum in the rapidity range $2.5 < y < 4$. A suppression of the inclusive J/$\psi$ yield in Pb-Pb is observed with respect to the one measured in pp collisions scaled by the number of binary nucleon-nucleon collisions. The nuclear modification factor, integrated over the 0-80% most central collisions, is $0.545 \pm 0.032 \rm{(stat.)} \pm 0.083 \rm{(syst.)}$ and does not exhibit a significant dependence on the collision centrality. These features appear significantly different from measurements at lower collision energies. Models including J/$\psi$ production from charm quarks in a deconfined partonic phase can describe our data.

2 data tables

Jpsi Nuclear Modification Factor (Raa) measured in Pb-Pb collisions at sqrt(sNN) = 2.76 TeV in 2.5 < y < 4 and pt > 0 GeV/c, as a function of - the average number of participating nucleons (<Npart>), - the average number of participating nucleons (<Npart,w>) weigthed by the average number of binary collisions, - the mid-rapidity charged-particle density measured at pseudo-rapidity eta = 0 dNch,w/deta|eta=0 weigthed by the average number of binary collisions.

Centrality integrated (0%-80%) inclusive Jpsi Nuclear Modification Factor (Raa) measured in Pb-Pb collisions at sqrt(sNN) = 2.76 TeV as a function of rapidity for two transverse momentum ranges.


Measurement of quarkonium production at forward rapidity in pp collisions at sqrt{s}= 7 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Abelev, Betty Bezverkhny ; Abramyan, Armenuhi ; Adam, Jaroslav ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 74 (2014) 2974, 2014.
Inspire Record 1285950 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.65214

The inclusive production cross sections at forward rapidity of J/$\psi$, $\psi$(2S), $\Upsilon$(1S) and $\Upsilon$(2S) are measured in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 7$ TeV with the ALICE detector at the LHC. The analysis is based in a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.35 pb$^{-1}$. Quarkonia are reconstructed in the dimuon-decay channel and the signal yields are evaluated by fitting the $\mu^+\mu^-$ invariant mass distributions. The differential production cross sections are measured as a function of the transverse momentum $p_{\rm T}$ and rapidity $y$, over the ranges $0 < p_{\rm T} < 20$ GeV/$c$ for J/$\psi$, $0 < p_{\rm T} < 12$ GeV/$c$ for all other resonances and for $2.5 < y < 4$. The measured cross sections integrated over $p_{\rm T}$ and $y$, and assuming unpolarized quarkonia, are: $\sigma_{J/\psi} = 6.69 \pm 0.04 \pm 0.63$ $\mu$b, $\sigma_{\psi^{\prime}} = 1.13 \pm 0.07 \pm 0.14$ $\mu$b, $\sigma_{\Upsilon{\rm(1S)}} = 54.2 \pm 5.0 \pm 6.7$ nb and $\sigma_{\Upsilon{\rm (2S)}} = 18.4 \pm 3.7 \pm 2.2$ nb, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second one is systematic. The results are compared to measurements performed by other LHC experiments and to theoretical models.

14 data tables

Differential production cross sections of J/psi as a function of pT.

Differential production cross sections of J/psi as a function of rapidity.

integrated production cross section of J/psi.

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Rapidity and transverse-momentum dependence of the inclusive J/$\mathbf{\psi}$ nuclear modification factor in p-Pb collisions at $\mathbf{\sqrt{\textit{s}_{NN}}}=5.02$ TeV

The ALICE collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Aggarwal, Madan Mohan ; et al.
JHEP 06 (2015) 055, 2015.
Inspire Record 1355544 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.70846

We have studied the transverse-momentum ($p_{\rm T}$) dependence of the inclusive J/$\psi$ production in p-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}} = 5.02$ TeV, in three center-of-mass rapidity ($y_{\rm cms}$) regions, down to zero $p_{\rm T}$. Results in the forward and backward rapidity ranges ($2.03 < y_{\rm cms} < 3.53$ and $-4.46 <y_{\rm cms}< -2.96$) are obtained by studying the J/$\psi$ decay to $\mu^+\mu^-$, while the mid-rapidity region ($-1.37 < y_{\rm cms} < 0.43$) is investigated by measuring the ${\rm e}^+{\rm e}^-$ decay channel. The $p_{\rm T}$ dependence of the J/$\psi$ production cross section and nuclear modification factor are presented for each of the rapidity intervals, as well as the J/$\psi$ mean $p_{\rm T}$ values. Forward and mid-rapidity results show a suppression of the J/$\psi$ yield, with respect to pp collisions, which decreases with increasing $p_{\rm T}$. At backward rapidity no significant J/$\psi$ suppression is observed. Theoretical models including a combination of cold nuclear matter effects such as shadowing and partonic energy loss, are in fair agreement with the data, except at forward rapidity and low transverse momentum. The implications of the p-Pb results for the evaluation of cold nuclear matter effects on J/$\psi$ production in Pb-Pb collisions are also discussed.

9 data tables

$p_{\rm T}$-differential inclusive cross section ${\rm d}^2\sigma^{J/\psi}/{\rm d}y{\rm d}p_{T}$ in the backward rapidity range (-4.46<$y_{\rm cms}$<-2.96). The first uncertainty is statistical, the second one is the $p_{\rm T}$-uncorrelated systematic uncertainty, while the third is the $p_{\rm T}$-correlated one.

$p_{\rm T}$-differential inclusive cross section ${\rm d}^2\sigma^{J/\psi}/{\rm d}y{\rm d}p_{T}$ in the mid-rapidity range (-1.37<$y_{\rm cms}$<0.43). The first uncertainty is statistical, the second one is the $p_{\rm T}$-uncorrelated systematic uncertainty, while the third is the $p_{\rm T}$-correlated one.

$p_{\rm T}$-differential inclusive cross section ${\rm d}^2\sigma^{J/\psi}/{\rm d}y{\rm d}p_{T}$ in the forward rapidity range (2.03<$y_{\rm cms}$<3.53). The first uncertainty is statistical, the second one is the $p_{\rm T}$-uncorrelated systematic uncertainty, while the third is the $p_{\rm T}$-correlated one.

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Multiplicity and transverse momentum evolution of charge-dependent correlations in pp, p-Pb, and Pb-Pb collisions at the LHC

The ALICE collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Aggarwal, Madan Mohan ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 76 (2016) 86, 2016.
Inspire Record 1394672 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.72546

We report on two-particle charge-dependent correlations in pp, p-Pb, and Pb-Pb collisions as a function of the pseudorapidity and azimuthal angle difference, $\mathrm{\Delta}\eta$ and $\mathrm{\Delta}\varphi$ respectively. These correlations are studied using the balance function that probes the charge creation time and the development of collectivity in the produced system. The dependence of the balance function on the event multiplicity as well as on the trigger and associated particle transverse momentum ($p_{\mathrm{T}}$) in pp, p-Pb, and Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}} = 7$, 5.02, and 2.76 TeV, respectively, are presented. In the low transverse momentum region, for $0.2 < p_{\mathrm{T}} < 2.0$ GeV/$c$, the balance function becomes narrower in both $\mathrm{\Delta}\eta$ and $\mathrm{\Delta}\varphi$ directions in all three systems for events with higher multiplicity. The experimental findings favor models that either incorporate some collective behavior (e.g. AMPT) or different mechanisms that lead to effects that resemble collective behavior (e.g. PYTHIA8 with color reconnection). For higher values of transverse momenta the balance function becomes even narrower but exhibits no multiplicity dependence, indicating that the observed narrowing with increasing multiplicity at low $p_{\mathrm{T}}$ is a feature of bulk particle production.

79 data tables

Balance function in $\Delta\eta$ 0_5%.

Balance function in $\Delta\eta$ 30_40%.

Balance function in $\Delta\eta$ 70_80%.

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Exploration of jet substructure using iterative declustering in pp and Pb-Pb collisions at LHC energies

The ALICE collaboration Acharya, Shreyasi ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Adhya, Souvik Priyam ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 802 (2020) 135227, 2020.
Inspire Record 1733684 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.104932

The ALICE collaboration at the CERN LHC reports novel measurements of jet substructure in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$= 7 TeV and central Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 2.76 TeV. Jet substructure of track-based jets is explored via iterative declustering and grooming techniques. We present the measurement of the momentum sharing of two-prong substructure exposed via grooming, the $z_{\rm{g}}$, and its dependence on the opening angle, in both pp and Pb-Pb collisions. We also present the first measurement of the distribution of the number of branches obtained in the iterative declustering of the jet, which is interpreted as the number of its hard splittings. In Pb-Pb collisions, we observe a suppression of symmetric splittings at large opening angles and an enhancement of splittings at small opening angles relative to pp collisions, with no significant modification of the number of splittings. The results are compared to predictions from various Monte Carlo event generators to test the role of important concepts in the evolution of the jet in the medium such as color coherence.

18 data tables

Fully corrected $z_{\rm g}$ distribution in pp collisions for $40 \leq p_{\rm T,jet}^{\rm ch} < 60$ GeV/{\it c} and for $R=0.4$.

Ratio of fully corrected $z_{\rm g}$ distribution in pp collisions for $40 \leq p_{\rm T,jet}^{\rm ch} < 60$ GeV/{\it c} and predictions from PYTHIA 6 Perugia 11 simulations.All for $R=0.4$.

Ratio of fully corrected $z_{\rm g}$ distribution in pp collisions for $40 \leq p_{\rm T,jet}^{\rm ch} < 60$ GeV/{\it c} and predictions from PYTHIA 6 Perugia+POWHEG simulations. All for $R=0.4$.

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J/psi production and nuclear effects in p-Pb collisions at sqrt(sNN)=5.02 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Abelev, Betty Bezverkhny ; Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; et al.
JHEP 02 (2014) 073, 2014.
Inspire Record 1251898 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64892

Inclusive J/$\psi$ production has been studied with the ALICE detector in p-Pb collisions at the nucleon-nucleon center of mass energy $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV at the CERN LHC. The measurement is performed in the center of mass rapidity domains $2.03<y_{\rm cms}<3.53$ and $-4.46<y_{\rm cms}<-2.96$, down to zero transverse momentum, studying the $\mu^+\mu^-$ decay mode. In this paper, the J/$\psi$ production cross section and the nuclear modification factor $R_{\rm pPb}$ for the rapidities under study are presented. While at forward rapidity, corresponding to the proton direction, a suppression of the J/$\psi$ yield with respect to binary-scaled pp collisions is observed, in the backward region no suppression is present. The ratio of the forward and backward yields is also measured differentially in rapidity and transverse momentum. Theoretical predictions based on nuclear shadowing, as well as on models including, in addition, a contribution from partonic energy loss, are in fair agreement with the experimental results.

6 data tables

The inclusive JPsi nuclear modification factor obtained in p-Pb and Pb-p collisions. The first uncertainty is statistical, the second one is the uncorrelated systematic uncertainty, while the third one is the partially correlated systematic uncertainty. The fourth is a global uncertainty common to p-Pb and Pb-p results.

The rapidity dependence of the inclusive JPsi production cross-section obtained in p-Pb and Pb-p collisions. The first uncertainty is statistical, the second one is the uncorrelated systematic uncertainty, while the third one is the partially correlated systematic uncertainty.

The rapidity dependence of the inclusive JPsi nuclear modification factor obtained in p-Pb and Pb-p collisions. The first uncertainty is statistical, the second one is the uncorrelated systematic uncertainty, while the third one is the partially correlated systematic uncertainty. The fourth is a global uncertainty common to p-Pb and Pb-p results.

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