$Z$ boson production in $p+$Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=5.02$ TeV measured with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; Abdallah, Jalal ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 92 (2015) 044915, 2015.
Inspire Record 1384272 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.69247

The ATLAS Collaboration has measured the inclusive production of $Z$ bosons via their decays into electron and muon pairs in $p+$Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=5.02$ TeV at the Large Hadron Collider. The measurements are made using data corresponding to integrated luminosities of 29.4 nb$^{-1}$ and 28.1 nb$^{-1}$ for $Z \rightarrow ee$ and $Z \rightarrow \mu\mu$, respectively. The results from the two channels are consistent and combined to obtain a cross section times the $Z \rightarrow \ell\ell$ branching ratio, integrated over the rapidity region $|y^{*}_{Z}|<3.5$, of 139.8 $\pm$ 4.8 (stat.) $\pm$ 6.2 (syst.) $\pm$ 3.8 (lumi.) nb. Differential cross sections are presented as functions of the $Z$ boson rapidity and transverse momentum, and compared with models based on parton distributions both with and without nuclear corrections. The centrality dependence of $Z$ boson production in $p+$Pb collisions is measured and analyzed within the framework of a standard Glauber model and the model's extension for fluctuations of the underlying nucleon-nucleon scattering cross section.

7 data tables

The centrality bias factors derived from data as explained in the text. Model calculations shown in the Figure are found in arXiv:1412.0976.

The differential $Z$ boson production cross section, $d\sigma/dy^\mathrm{*}_{Z}$, as a function of $Z$ boson rapidity in the center-of-mass frame $y^\mathrm{*}_{Z}$, for $Z\rightarrow ee$, $Z\rightarrow\mu\mu$, and their combination $Z\rightarrow\ell\ell$.

The differential cross section of $Z$ boson production multiplied by the Bjorken $x$ of the parton in the lead nucleus, $x_{Pb} d\sigma /dx_{Pb}$, as a function of $x_{Pb}$.

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$ZZ \to \ell^{+}\ell^{-}\ell^{\prime +}\ell^{\prime -}$ cross-section measurements and search for anomalous triple gauge couplings in 13 TeV $pp$ collisions with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 97 (2018) 032005, 2018.
Inspire Record 1625109 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.82224

Measurements of $ZZ$ production in the $\ell^{+}\ell^{-}\ell^{\prime +}\ell^{\prime -}$ channel in proton-proton collisions at 13 TeV center-of-mass energy at the Large Hadron Collider are presented. The data correspond to 36.1 $\mathrm{fb}^{-1}$ of collisions collected by the ATLAS experiment in 2015 and 2016. Here $\ell$ and $\ell'$ stand for electrons or muons. Integrated and differential $ZZ \to \ell^{+}\ell^{-}\ell^{\prime +}\ell^{\prime -}$ cross sections with $Z \to \ell^+\ell^-$ candidate masses in the range of 66 GeV to 116 GeV are measured in a fiducial phase space corresponding to the detector acceptance and corrected for detector effects. The differential cross sections are presented in bins of twenty observables, including several that describe the jet activity. The integrated cross section is also extrapolated to a total phase space and to all Standard-Model decays of $Z$ bosons with mass between 66 GeV and 116 GeV, resulting in a value of $17.3 \pm 0.9$ [$\pm 0.6$ (stat.) $\pm 0.5$ (syst.) $\pm 0.6$ (lumi.)] pb. The measurements are found to be in good agreement with the Standard-Model predictions. A search for neutral triple gauge couplings is performed using the transverse momentum distribution of the leading $Z$-boson candidate. No evidence for such couplings is found and exclusion limits are set on their parameters.

121 data tables

Integrated fiducial cross sections. Fiducial phase space - At least 4 electrons, 4 muons, or 2 electrons and 2 muons forming two same-flavour opposite-charge dileptons (Z candidates) - Lepton pairing ambiguities are resolved by choosing the combination that results in the smaller value of the sum of |mll - mZ| for the two pairs, where mll is the mass of the dilepton system and mZ the Z boson pole mass - Lepton absolute pseudorapidity |eta| < 2.7 - Lepton transverse momentum pT > 5 GeV - The three leading-pT leptons satisfy pT > 20 GeV, 15 GeV, 10 GeV - Angular separation of any same-flavour (opposite-flavour) leptons DeltaR > 0.1 (0.2) - Both chosen dileptons have invariant mass between 66 GeV and 116 GeV - All possible same-flavour opposite-charge dileptons have mass > 5 GeV Details about the fiducial definition as well as all other aspects of the analysis can be found in the journal publication.

Differential fiducial cross section as function of the transverse momentum of the four-lepton system. Fiducial phase space - At least 4 electrons, 4 muons, or 2 electrons and 2 muons forming two same-flavour opposite-charge dileptons (Z candidates) - Lepton pairing ambiguities are resolved by choosing the combination that results in the smaller value of the sum of |mll - mZ| for the two pairs, where mll is the mass of the dilepton system and mZ the Z boson pole mass - Lepton absolute pseudorapidity |eta| < 2.7 - Lepton transverse momentum pT > 5 GeV - The three leading-pT leptons satisfy pT > 20 GeV, 15 GeV, 10 GeV - Angular separation of any same-flavour (opposite-flavour) leptons DeltaR > 0.1 (0.2) - Both chosen dileptons have invariant mass between 66 GeV and 116 GeV - All possible same-flavour opposite-charge dileptons have mass > 5 GeV Details about the fiducial definition as well as all other aspects of the analysis can be found in the journal publication.

Predicted background as function of the transverse momentum of the four-lepton system.

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A detailed map of Higgs boson interactions by the ATLAS experiment ten years after the discovery

The ATLAS collaboration
Nature 607 (2022) 52-59, 2022.
Inspire Record 2104706 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.130266

The Standard Model of particle physics describes the known fundamental particles and forces that make up our universe, with the exception of gravity. One of the central features of the Standard Model is a field that permeates all of space and interacts with fundamental particles. The quantum excitation of this field, known as Higgs field, manifests itself as the Higgs boson, the only fundamental particle with no spin. In 2012, a particle with properties consistent with the Higgs boson of the Standard Model was observed by the ATLAS and CMS experiments at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. Since then, more than 30 times as many Higgs bosons have been recorded by the ATLAS experiment, allowing much more precise measurements and new tests of the theory. Here, on the basis of this larger dataset, we combine an unprecedented number of production and decay processes of the Higgs boson to scrutinize its interactions with elementary particles. Interactions with gluons, photons, and $W$ and $Z$ bosons -- the carriers of the strong, electromagnetic, and weak forces -- are studied in detail. Interactions with three third-generation matter particles (bottom ($b$) and top ($t$) quarks, and tau leptons ($\tau$)) are well measured and indications of interactions with a second-generation particle (muons, $\mu$) are emerging. These tests reveal that the Higgs boson discovered ten years ago is remarkably consistent with the predictions of the theory and provide stringent constraints on many models of new phenomena beyond the Standard Model.

57 data tables

Observed and predicted cross sections for different Higgs boson production processes, measured assuming SM values for the decay branching fractions. The lower panels show the ratios of the measured values to their SM predictions. The $p$-value for compatibility of the measurement and the SM prediction is 65%.

Observed and predicted branching fractions for different Higgs boson decay modes measured assuming SM values for the production cross sections. The lower panels show the ratios of the measured values to their SM predictions. The $p$-value for compatibility of the measurement and the SM prediction is 56%.

Ratio of observed rate to predicted SM event rate for different combinations of Higgs boson production and decay processes. The narrow grey bands indicate the theory uncertainties in the SM cross-section times the branching fraction predictions. The $p$-value for compatibility of the measurement and the SM prediction is 72%.

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Version 2
A measurement of soft-drop jet observables in $pp$ collisions with the ATLAS detector at $\sqrt{s} = 13$ TeV

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; Abbott, Dale Charles ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 101 (2020) 052007, 2020.
Inspire Record 1772062 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.92073

Jet substructure quantities are measured using jets groomed with the soft-drop grooming procedure in dijet events from 32.9 fb$^{-1}$ of $pp$ collisions collected with the ATLAS detector at $\sqrt{s} = 13$ TeV. These observables are sensitive to a wide range of QCD phenomena. Some observables, such as the jet mass and opening angle between the two subjets which pass the soft-drop condition, can be described by a high-order (resummed) series in the strong coupling constant $\alpha_S$. Other observables, such as the momentum sharing between the two subjets, are nearly independent of $\alpha_S$. These observables can be constructed using all interacting particles or using only charged particles reconstructed in the inner tracking detectors. Track-based versions of these observables are not collinear safe, but are measured more precisely, and universal non-perturbative functions can absorb the collinear singularities. The unfolded data are directly compared with QCD calculations and hadron-level Monte Carlo simulations. The measurements are performed in different pseudorapidity regions, which are then used to extract quark and gluon jet shapes using the predicted quark and gluon fractions in each region. All of the parton shower and analytical calculations provide an excellent description of the data in most regions of phase space.

504 data tables

Data from Fig 6a. The unfolded all-particle $log_{10}(\rho^2)$ distribution for anti-kt R=0.8 jets with $p_T$ > 300 GeV, after the soft drop algorithm is applied for $\beta$ = 0, in data. All uncertainties described in the text are shown on the data. The distributions are normalized to the integrated cross section, $\sigma$(resum), measured in the resummation region, $-3.7 < log_{10}(\rho^2) < -1.7$.

Data from Fig 6a. The unfolded all-particle $log_{10}(\rho^2)$ distribution for anti-kt R=0.8 jets with $p_T$ > 300 GeV, after the soft drop algorithm is applied for $\beta$ = 0, in data. All uncertainties described in the text are shown on the data. The distributions are normalized to the integrated cross section, $\sigma$(resum), measured in the resummation region, $-3.7 < log_{10}(\rho^2) < -1.7$.

Data from Fig 6b. The unfolded charged-particle $log_{10}(\rho^2)$ distribution for anti-kt R=0.8 jets with $p_T$ > 300 GeV, after the soft drop algorithm is applied for $\beta$ = 0, in data. All uncertainties described in the text are shown on the data. The distributions are normalized to the integrated cross section, $\sigma$(resum), measured in the resummation region, $-3.7 < log_{10}(\rho^2) < -1.7$.