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Nuclear stopping in Au + Au collisions at s(NN)**(1/2) = 200-GeV

The BRAHMS collaboration Bearden, I.G. ; Beavis, D. ; Besliu, C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 93 (2004) 102301, 2004.
Inspire Record 636579 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.89443

Transverse momentum spectra and rapidity densities, dN/dy, of protons, anti-protons, and net--protons (p-pbar) from central (0-5%) Au+Au collisions at sqrt(sNN) = 200 GeV were measured with the BRAHMS experiment within the rapidity range 0 < y < 3. The proton and anti-proton dN/dy decrease from mid-rapidity to y=3. The net-proton yield is roughly constant for y<1 at dN/dy~7, and increases to dN/dy~12 at y~3. The data show that collisions at this energy exhibit a high degree of transparency and that the linear scaling of rapidity loss with rapidity observed at lower energies is broken. The energy loss per participant nucleon is estimated to be 73 +- 6 GeV.

2 data tables

$\frac{1}{2\pi p_{\mathrm{T}}}\frac{\mathrm{d}^2N}{\mathrm{d}p_{\mathrm{T}}\mathrm{d}y}$ versus $p_{\mathrm{T}}$ for $\mathrm{p}$,$\overline{\mathrm{p}}$ in $\mathrm{Au}-\mathrm{Au}$ at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=200\,\mathrm{Ge\!V}$ . NaN values means no observation.

$\frac{\mathrm{d}N}{\mathrm{d}y}$ versus $y$ for $\mathrm{p}$,$\overline{\mathrm{p}}$,$\mathrm{p}-\overline{\mathrm{p}}$ in $\mathrm{Au}-\mathrm{Au}$ at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=200\,\mathrm{Ge\!V}$ . The correction for the $\Lambda$ contribution is not straight forward since BRAHMS does not measure the $\Lambda$s and PHENIX and STAR only measures the $\Lambda$s at mid-rapidity! If one assumes that the mid-rapidity estimated in the paper of $$R=\frac{\Lambda-\bar{\Lambda}}{\mathrm{p}-\bar{\mathrm{p}}} = \frac{\Lambda}{\mathrm{p}} = \frac{\bar{\Lambda}}{\bar{\mathrm{p}}} = 0.93\pm 0.11(\mathrm{stat})\pm 0.25(\mathrm{syst}) $$ and the BRAHMS "acceptance factor" of $A=0.53\pm 0.05$ which includes both that only 64% decays to protons and that some are rejected by the requirement of the track to point back to the IP. The corrected $\mathrm{p}$ ($\bar{\mathrm{p}}$ or net-$\mathrm{p}$) is then : $$\left.\frac{\mathrm{d}N}{\mathrm{d}y}\right|_{\mathrm{corrected}} = \frac{\mathrm{d}N}{\mathrm{d}y}(1/(1+RA))= \frac{\mathrm{d}N}{\mathrm{d}y}\left(0.67\pm 0.05(\mathrm{stat})\pm 0.11(\mathrm{syst})\right)$$ Which can be used at all rapidities if one believes that R is constant. The fact that net-$\mathrm{K}=\mathrm{K}^{+}-\mathrm{K}^{-}$ follows net-$\mathrm{p}$ (see fx. talk by Djamel Ouerdane at QM04), seems to indicate that the net-$\Lambda$ follow the net-$\mathrm{p}$ trend and the correction is reasonable.


Charged meson rapidity distributions in central Au+Au collisions at s(NN)**(1/2) = 200-GeV

The BRAHMS collaboration Bearden, I.G. ; Beavis, D. ; Besliu, C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 94 (2005) 162301, 2005.
Inspire Record 647076 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.89445

We have measured rapidity densities dN/dy of pions and kaons over a broad rapidity range (-0.1 < y < 3.5) for central Au+Au collisions at sqrt(snn) = 200 GeV. These data have significant implications for the chemistry and dynamics of the dense system that is initially created in the collisions. The full phase-space yields are 1660 +/- 15 +/- 133 (pi+), 1683 +/- 16 +/- 135 (pi-), 286 +/- 5 +/- 23 (K+) and 242 +/- 4 +/- 19 (K-). The systematics of the strange to non--strange meson ratios are found to track the variation of the baryo-chemical potential with rapidity and energy. Landau--Carruthers hydrodynamic is found to describe the bulk transport of the pions in the longitudinal direction.

60 data tables

$\frac{1}{2\pi p_{\mathrm{T}}}\frac{\mathrm{d}^2N}{\mathrm{d}p_{\mathrm{T}}\mathrm{d}y}$ versus $p_{\mathrm{T}}$ for $\mathrm{\pi}^{+}$ in $\mathrm{Au}-\mathrm{Au}$ at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=200\,\mathrm{Ge\!V}$ near $y=-0.1-0.0$ for $0-5$% central

$\frac{1}{2\pi p_{\mathrm{T}}}\frac{\mathrm{d}^2N}{\mathrm{d}p_{\mathrm{T}}\mathrm{d}y}$ versus $p_{\mathrm{T}}$ for $\mathrm{\pi}^{+}$ in $\mathrm{Au}-\mathrm{Au}$ at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=200\,\mathrm{Ge\!V}$ near $y=0.0-0.1$ for $0-5$% central

$\frac{1}{2\pi p_{\mathrm{T}}}\frac{\mathrm{d}^2N}{\mathrm{d}p_{\mathrm{T}}\mathrm{d}y}$ versus $p_{\mathrm{T}}$ for $\mathrm{\pi}^{+}$ in $\mathrm{Au}-\mathrm{Au}$ at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=200\,\mathrm{Ge\!V}$ near $y=0.4-0.6$ for $0-5$% central

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Centrality dependent particle production at y=0 and y ~ 1 in Au + Au collisions at s(NN)**(1/2) = 200-GeV

The BRAHMS collaboration Arsene, I. ; Bearden, I.G. ; Beavis, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C72 (2005) 014908, 2005.
Inspire Record 678407 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.89446

Particle production of identified charged hadrons, $\pi^{\pm}$, $K^{\pm}$, $p$, and $\bar{p}$ in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt(snn) =$ 200 GeV has been studied as a function of transverse momentum and collision centrality at $y=0$ and $y\sim1$ by the BRAHMS experiment at RHIC. Significant collective transverse flow at kinetic freeze-out has been observed in the collisions. The magnitude of the flow rises with the collision centrality. Proton and kaon yields relative to the pion production increase strongly as the transverse momentum increases and also increase with centrality. Particle yields per participant nucleon show a weak dependence on the centrality for all particle species. Hadron production remains relatively constant within one unit around midrapidity in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt(snn) =$ 200 GeV.

13 data tables

$\frac{1}{2\pi p_{\mathrm{T}}}\frac{\mathrm{d}^2N}{\mathrm{d}p_{\mathrm{T}}\mathrm{d}y}$ versus $p_{\mathrm{T}}$ for $\mathrm{\pi}^{+}$,$\mathrm{\pi}^{-}$,$\mathrm{K}^{+}$,$\mathrm{K}^{-}$,$\mathrm{p}$,$\overline{\mathrm{p}}$ in $\mathrm{Au}-\mathrm{Au}$ at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=200\,\mathrm{Ge\!V}$

$\langle p_{\mathrm{T}}\rangle$ versus $N_{\mathrm{part}}$ for $\mathrm{\pi}^{+}$,$\mathrm{\pi}^{-}$,$\mathrm{K}^{+}$,$\mathrm{K}^{-}$,$\mathrm{p}$,$\overline{\mathrm{p}}$ in $\mathrm{Au}-\mathrm{Au}$ at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=200\,\mathrm{Ge\!V}$

$\beta_{\mathrm{S}}$,$T$,$\chi^2$,$\nu$ versus $\mathrm{Centrality}$ for $\mathrm{h}^{+}$ in $\mathrm{Au}-\mathrm{Au}$ at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=200\,\mathrm{Ge\!V}$

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Nuclear stopping and rapidity loss in Au+Au collisions at s(NN)**(1/2) = 62.4-GeV

The BRAHMS collaboration Arsene, I.C. ; Bearden, I.G. ; Beavis, D. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B677 (2009) 267-271, 2009.
Inspire Record 810481 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.89449

Transverse momentum spectra of protons and anti-protons measured in the rapidity range 0<y<3.1 from 0-10% central Au+Au collisions at sqrt{s_{NN}}=62.4 GeV are presented. The rapidity densities, dN/dy, of protons, anti-protons and net-protons N()p-N(pbar) have been deduced from the spectra over a rapidity range wide enough to observe the expected maximum net-baryon density. From mid-rapidity to y=1 the net-proton yield is roughly constant (dN/dy ~ 10),but rises to dN/dy ~25 at 2.3<y<3.1. The mean rapidity loss is 2.01 +-0.16 units from beam rapidity. The measured rapidity distributions are compared to model predictions. Systematics of net-baryon distributions and rapidity loss vs. collision energy are discussed.

16 data tables

$\frac{\mathrm{d}N}{\mathrm{d}y}$ versus $y$ for $\mathrm{p}$,$\overline{\mathrm{p}}$ in $\mathrm{Au}-\mathrm{Au}$ at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=62.4\,\mathrm{Ge\!V}$

$\delta y$,$\delta E$ versus for $\mathrm{p}$,$\overline{\mathrm{p}}$ in $\mathrm{Au}-\mathrm{Au}$ at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=62.4\,\mathrm{Ge\!V}$ for $0-10$% central

$\frac{1}{2\pi p_{\mathrm{T}}}\frac{\mathrm{d}^2N}{\mathrm{d}p_{\mathrm{T}}\mathrm{d}y}$ versus $p_{\mathrm{T}}$ for $\mathrm{p}$ in $\mathrm{Au}-\mathrm{Au}$ at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=62.4\,\mathrm{Ge\!V}$ near $y=-0.1-0.1$

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Transverse momentum spectra in Au+Au and d+Au collisions at s**(1/2) = 200-GeV and the pseudorapidity dependence of high p(T) suppression

The BRAHMS collaboration Arsene, I. ; Bearden, I.G. ; Beavis, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 91 (2003) 072305, 2003.
Inspire Record 622645 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.89442

We present spectra of charged hadrons from Au+Au and d+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=200$ GeV measured with the BRAHMS experiment at RHIC. The spectra for different collision centralities are compared to spectra from ${\rm p}+\bar{{\rm p}}$ collisions at the same energy scaled by the number of binary collisions. The resulting ratios (nuclear modification factors) for central Au+Au collisions at $\eta=0$ and $\eta=2.2$ evidence a strong suppression in the high $p_{T}$ region ($>$2 GeV/c). In contrast, the d+Au nuclear modification factor (at $\eta=0$) exhibits an enhancement of the high $p_T$ yields. These measurements indicate a high energy loss of the high $p_T$ particles in the medium created in the central Au+Au collisions. The lack of suppression in d+Au collisions makes it unlikely that initial state effects can explain the suppression in the central Au+Au collisions.

8 data tables

$R_{\mathrm{CP}}|_{\eta=2.2} / R_{\mathrm{CP}}|_{\eta=0}$ versus $p_{\mathrm{T}}$ in $\mathrm{Au}-\mathrm{Au}$ at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=200\,\mathrm{Ge\!V}$

$\frac{1}{2\pi p_{\mathrm{T}}}\frac{\mathrm{d}^2N}{\mathrm{d}p_{\mathrm{T}}\mathrm{d}\eta}$ versus $p_{\mathrm{T}}$ for $\frac{h^{+}+h^{-}}{2}$ in $\mathrm{Au}-\mathrm{Au}$ at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=200\,\mathrm{Ge\!V}$ near $\eta=0$, per centrality

$\frac{1}{2\pi p_{\mathrm{T}}}\frac{\mathrm{d}^2N}{\mathrm{d}p_{\mathrm{T}}\mathrm{d}\eta}$ versus $p_{\mathrm{T}}$ for $\frac{h^{+}+h^{-}}{2}$ in $\mathrm{d}-\mathrm{Au}$ at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=200\,\mathrm{Ge\!V}$ near $\eta=0$

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Single Transverse Spin Asymmetries of Identified Charged Hadrons in Polarized p+p Collisions at s**(1/2) = 62.4-GeV

The BRAHMS collaboration Arsene, I. ; Bearden, I.G. ; Beavis, Dana Richard ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 101 (2008) 042001, 2008.
Inspire Record 776954 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.89448

The first measurements of $x_F$-dependent single spin asymmetries of identified charged hadrons, $\pi^{\pm}$, $K^{\pm}$, and protons, from transversely polarized proton-proton collisions at 62.4 GeV at RHIC are presented. The measurements extend to high-$x_F$ ($|x_F|\sim 0.6$) in both the forward and backward directions.Large asymmetries are seen in the pion and kaon channels. The asymmetries in inclusive $\pi^{+}$ production, $A_N(\pi^+)$, increase with $x_F$ from 0 to $\sim$0.25 %at $x_F = 0.6$ and $A_N(\pi^{-})$ decrease from 0 to $\sim$$-$0.4. Even though $K^-$ contains no valence quarks, observed asymmetries for $K^-$ unexpectedly show positive values similar to those for $K^+$, increasing with $x_F$, whereas proton asymmetries are consistent with zero over the measured kinematic range. Comparisons of the data with predictions of QCD-based models are presented. The flavor dependent single spin asymmetry measurements of identified hadrons allow for stringent tests of theoretical models of partonic dynamics in the RHIC energy regime.

17 data tables

$A_{N}$ versus $x_{\mathrm{F}}$ for $\mathrm{\pi}^{-}$ in $\mathrm{p}\mathrm{p}$ at $\sqrt{s}=62.4\,\mathrm{Ge\!V}$

$A_{N}$ versus $x_{\mathrm{F}}$ for $\mathrm{\pi}^{-}$ in $\mathrm{p}\mathrm{p}$ at $\sqrt{s}=62.4\,\mathrm{Ge\!V}$

$A_{N}$ versus $x_{\mathrm{F}}$ for $\mathrm{\pi}^{+}$ in $\mathrm{p}\mathrm{p}$ at $\sqrt{s}=62.4\,\mathrm{Ge\!V}$

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Pseudorapidity distributions of charged particles from Au+Au collisions at the maximum RHIC energy

The BRAHMS collaboration Bearden, I.G. ; Beavis, D. ; Besliu, C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 88 (2002) 202301, 2002.
Inspire Record 567754 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.89441

We present charged particle densities as a function of pseudorapidity and collision centrality for the 197Au+197Au reaction at Sqrt{s_NN}=200 GeV. For the 5% most central events we obtain dN_ch/deta(eta=0) = 625 +/- 55 and N_ch(-4.7&lt;= eta &lt;= 4.7) = 4630+-370, i.e. 14% and 21% increases, respectively, relative to Sqrt{s_NN}=130 GeV collisions. Charged-particle production per pair of participant nucleons is found to increase from peripheral to central collisions around mid-rapidity. These results constrain current models of particle production at the highest RHIC energy.

5 data tables

$\mathrm{d}N/\mathrm{d}\eta$ versus $\eta$ for $x^{\pm}$ in $\mathrm{Au}-\mathrm{Au}$ at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=200\,\mathrm{Ge\!V}$ for $0-5$% central, $5-10$% central, $20-30$% central, $40-50$% central

$\left.\frac{\mathrm{d}N}{\mathrm{d}\eta}\right\vert_{200\mathrm{Ge\!V}}\,/\,\left.\frac{\mathrm{d}N}{\mathrm{d}\eta}\right\vert_{130\mathrm{Ge\!V}}$ versus $\eta$ for $x^{\pm}$ in $\mathrm{Au}-\mathrm{Au}$ at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=200\,\mathrm{Ge\!V}$ for , per centrality

$\frac{\mathrm{d}N}{\mathrm{d}y}\frac{2}{N_{\mathrm{part}}}$ versus $N_{\mathrm{part}}$ for $x^{\pm}$ in $\mathrm{Au}-\mathrm{Au}$ at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=200\,\mathrm{Ge\!V}$

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Centrality dependence of charged particle pseudorapidity distributions from d+Au collisions at s(NN)**(1/2) = 200-GeV

The BRAHMS collaboration Arsene, I. ; Bearden, I.G. ; Beavis, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 94 (2005) 032301, 2005.
Inspire Record 643085 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.89272

Charged-particle pseudorapidity densities are presented for the d+Au reaction at sqrt{s_{NN}}=200 GeV with -4.2 <= eta <= 4.2$. The results, from the BRAHMS experiment at RHIC, are shown for minimum-bias events and 0-30%, 30-60%, and 60-80% centrality classes. Models incorporating both soft physics and hard, perturbative QCD-based scattering physics agree well with the experimental results. The data do not support predictions based on strong-coupling, semi-classical QCD. In the deuteron-fragmentation region the central 200 GeV data show behavior similar to full-overlap d+Au results at sqrt{s_{NN}}=19.4 GeV.

1 data table

$\frac{\mathrm{d}N}{\mathrm{d}\eta}$ versus $\eta$ for $x^{\pm}$ in $\mathrm{d}-\mathrm{Au}$ at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=200\,\mathrm{Ge\!V}$ for $0-30$% central, $30-60$% central, $60-80$% central, Min.Bias


Production of mesons and baryons at high rapidity and high P(T) in proton-proton collisions at s**(1/2) = 200-GeV

The BRAHMS collaboration Arsene, I. ; Bearden, I.G. ; Beavis, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 98 (2007) 252001, 2007.
Inspire Record 742956 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41746

We present particle spectra for charged hadrons $\pi^\pm, K^\pm, p$ and $\bar{p}$ from pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}=200$ GeV measured for the first time at forward rapidities (2.95 and 3.3). The kinematics of these measurements are skewed in a way that probes the small momentum fraction in one of the protons and large fractions in the other. Large proton to pion ratios are observed at values of transverse momentum that extend up to 4 GeV/c, where protons have momenta up to 35 GeV. Next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations describe the production of pions and kaons well at these rapidities, but fail to account for the large proton yields and small $\bar{p}/p$ ratios.

12 data tables

Invariant cross section for PI+ production in P P collisions at SQRT(S)=200 GeV and rapidity 2.95.

Invariant cross section for PI- production in P P collisions at SQRT(S)=200 GeV and rapidity 2.95.

Invariant cross section for K+ production in P P collisions at SQRT(S)=200 GeV and rapidity 2.95.

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