Study of the Underlying Event at Forward Rapidity in pp Collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 0.9, 2.76, and 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
JHEP 04 (2013) 072, 2013.
Inspire Record 1218372 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66750

The underlying event activity in proton-proton collisions at forward pseudorapidity (-6.6 < eta < -5.2) is studied with the CMS detector at the LHC, using a novel observable: the ratio of the forward energy density, dE/d(eta), for events with a charged-particle jet produced at central pseudorapidity (abs(eta[jet]) < 2) to the forward energy density for inclusive events. This forward energy density ratio is measured as a function of the central jet transverse momentum, pt, at three different pp centre-of-mass energies (sqrt(s) = 0.9, 2.76, and 7 TeV). In addition, the sqrt(s) evolution of the forward energy density is studied in inclusive events and in events with a central jet. The results are compared to those of Monte Carlo event generators for pp collisions and are discussed in terms of the underlying event. Whereas the dependence of the forward energy density ratio on jet pt at each sqrt(s) separately can be well reproduced by some models, all models fail to simultaneously describe the increase of the forward energy density with sqrt(s) in both inclusive events and in events with a central jet.

1 data table

Ratio of the energy deposited in the pseudorapidity range $-6.6 < \eta < -5.2$ for events with a charged-particle jet with $|\eta^\text{jet}| < 2$ with respect to the energy in inclusive events, as a function of the jet transverse momentum $p_{\rm T}$ for $\sqrt{s} =$ 0.9, 2.76 , and 7 TeV. Data are taken from the Rivet Analysis.


Study of the Inclusive Production of Charged Pions, Kaons, and Protons in $pp$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s}=0.9$, 2.76, and 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 72 (2012) 2164, 2012.
Inspire Record 1123117 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.59366

Spectra of identified charged hadrons are measured in pp collisions at the LHC for sqrt(s) = 0.9, 2.76, and 7 TeV. Charged pions, kaons, and protons in the transverse-momentum range pt approximately 0.1-1.7 GeV and for rapidities abs(y) < 1 are identified via their energy loss in the CMS silicon tracker. The average pt increases rapidly with the mass of the hadron and the event charged-particle multiplicity, independently of the center-of-mass energy. The fully corrected pt spectra and integrated yields are compared to various tunes of the PYTHIA6 and PYTHIA8 event generators.

80 data tables

Measured transverse momentum distributions of identified charged hadrons (PI+, K+ and P) and at a centre-of-mass energy of 900 GeV.

Measured transverse momentum distributions of identified charged hadrons (PI-, K- and PBAR) and at a centre-of-mass energy of 900 GeV.

Measured transverse momentum distributions of identified charged hadrons (PI+, K+ and P) and at a centre-of-mass energy of 2760 GeV.

More…

Measurement of the Underlying Event Activity at the LHC with $\sqrt{s}= 7$ TeV and Comparison with $\sqrt{s} = 0.9$ TeV

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
JHEP 09 (2011) 109, 2011.
Inspire Record 916908 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.57696

A measurement of the underlying activity in scattering processes with a hard scale in the several GeV region is performed in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 0.9 and 7 TeV, using data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The production of charged particles with pseudorapidity |eta| < 2 and transverse momentum pT > 0.5 GeV/c is studied in the azimuthal region transverse to that of the leading set of charged particles forming a track-jet. A significant growth of the average multiplicity and scalar-pT sum of the particles in the transverse region is observed with increasing pT of the leading track-jet, followed by a much slower rise above a few GeV/c. For track-jet pT larger than a few GeV/c, the activity in the transverse region is approximately doubled with a centre-of-mass energy increase from 0.9 to 7 TeV. Predictions of several QCD-inspired models as implemented in PYTHIA are compared to the data.

15 data tables

Fully corrected average charged particle multiplicity per unit of pseudorapidity and per radian as a function of the leading track-jet transverse momentum for proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 0.9 TeV.

Fully corrected average charged particle multiplicity per unit of pseudorapidity and per radian as a function of the leading track-jet transverse momentum for proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV.

Ratio of the fully corrected charged particle multiplicity at 7 TeV to that at 0.9 TeV.

More…

Charged particle transverse momentum spectra in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 0.9$ and 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
JHEP 08 (2011) 086, 2011.
Inspire Record 896764 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.57523

The charged particle transverse momentum (pT) spectra are presented for pp collisions at sqrt(s)=0.9 and 7 TeV. The data samples were collected with the CMS detector at the LHC and correspond to integrated luminosities of 231 inverse microbarns and 2.96 inverse picobarns, respectively. Calorimeter-based high-transverse-energy triggers are employed to enhance the statistical reach of the high-pT measurements. The results are compared with both leading-order QCD and with an empirical scaling of measurements at different collision energies using the scaling variable xT = 2 pT/sqrt(s) over the pT range up to 200 GeV/c. Using a combination of xT scaling and direct interpolation at fixed pT, a reference transverse momentum spectrum at sqrt(s)=2.76 TeV is constructed, which can be used for studying high-pT particle suppression in the dense QCD medium produced in heavy-ion collisions at that centre-of-mass energy.

5 data tables

The invariant charged particle differential yield at 0.9 TeV for |eta|<2.4.

The invariant charged particle differential yield at 7 TeV for |eta|<2.4.

The inclusive charged particle invariant differential cross section, as a function of XT and scaled by sqrt(s)*4.9, at 0.9 TeV for |eta|<1.

More…

Measurement of Bose-Einstein Correlations in $pp$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s}=0.9$ and 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 05 (2011) 029, 2011.
Inspire Record 884808 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.60018

Bose-Einstein correlations between identical particles are measured in samples of proton-proton collisions at 0.9 and 7 TeV centre-of-mass energies, recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The signal is observed in the form of an enhancement of number of pairs of same-sign charged particles with small relative momentum. The dependence of this enhancement on kinematic and topological features of the event is studied.

7 data tables

The double ratio R_double at 900 and 7000 GeV.

The double ratio R_double at 7000 GeV in different bins of charged particle multiplicity and kT.

The double ratio R_double at 7000 GeV in different bins of charged particle multiplicity and kT.

More…

Charged Particle Multiplicities in $pp$ Interactions at $\sqrt{s}=0.9$, 2.36, and 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 01 (2011) 079, 2011.
Inspire Record 879315 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.57909

Measurements of primary charged hadron multiplicity distributions are presented for non-single-diffractive events in proton-proton collisions at centre-of-mass energies of sqrt(s) = 0.9, 2.36, and 7 TeV, in five pseudorapidity ranges from |eta|<0.5 to |eta|<2.4. The data were collected with the minimum-bias trigger of the CMS experiment during the LHC commissioning runs in 2009 and the 7 TeV run in 2010. The multiplicity distribution at sqrt(s) = 0.9 TeV is in agreement with previous measurements. At higher energies the increase of the mean multiplicity with sqrt(s) is underestimated by most event generators. The average transverse momentum as a function of the multiplicity is also presented. The measurement of higher-order moments of the multiplicity distribution confirms the violation of Koba-Nielsen-Olesen scaling that has been observed at lower energies.

29 data tables

Mean multiplicity for charged hadron production for |pseudorapidity| < 2.4.

Fully corrected charged hadron multiplicity spectrum for |pseudorapidity| < 0.5 at a centre-of-mass energy of 900 GeV.

Fully corrected charged hadron multiplicity spectrum for |pseudorapidity| < 1.0 at a centre-of-mass energy of 900 GeV.

More…

Transverse Momentum and Pseudorapidity Distributions of Charged Hadrons in pp Collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 0.9$ and 2.36 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 02 (2010) 041, 2010.
Inspire Record 845323 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.54829

Measurements of inclusive charged-hadron transverse-momentum and pseudorapidity distributions are presented for proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 0.9 and 2.36 TeV. The data were collected with the CMS detector during the LHC commissioning in December 2009. For non-single-diffractive interactions, the average charged-hadron transverse momentum is measured to be 0.46 +/- 0.01 (stat.) +/- 0.01 (syst.) GeV/c at 0.9 TeV and 0.50 +/- 0.01 (stat.) +/- 0.01 (syst.) GeV/c at 2.36 TeV, for pseudorapidities between -2.4 and +2.4. At these energies, the measured pseudorapidity densities in the central region, dN(charged)/d(eta) for |eta| < 0.5, are 3.48 +/- 0.02 (stat.) +/- 0.13 (syst.) and 4.47 +/- 0.04 (stat.) +/- 0.16 (syst.), respectively. The results at 0.9 TeV are in agreement with previous measurements and confirm the expectation of near equal hadron production in p-pbar and pp collisions. The results at 2.36 TeV represent the highest-energy measurements at a particle collider to date.

8 data tables

Measured differential yield of charged hadrons as a function of transverse momentum for pseudorapidities 0.1, 0.3, 0.5 and 0.7 for centre-of-mass energy 900 GeV.

Measured differential yield of charged hadrons as a function of transverse momentum for pseudorapidities 0.9, 1.1, 1.3 and 1.5 for centre-of-mass energy 900 GeV.

Measured differential yield of charged hadrons as a function of transverse momentum for pseudorapidities 1.7, 1.9, 2.1 and 2.3 for centre-of-mass energy 900 GeV.

More…