Measurement of quark- and gluon-like jet fractions using jet charge in PbPb and pp collisions at 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 07 (2020) 115, 2020.
Inspire Record 1789224 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88294

The momentum-weighted sum of the electric charges of particles inside a jet, known as jet charge, is sensitive to the electric charge of the particle initiating the parton shower. This paper presents jet charge distributions in $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.02 TeV lead-lead (PbPb) and proton-proton (pp) collisions recorded with the CMS detector at the LHC. These data correspond to integrated luminosities of 404 $\mu$b$^{-1}$ and 27.4 pb$^{-1}$ for PbPb and pp collisions, respectively. Leveraging the sensitivity of the jet charge to fundamental differences in the electric charges of quarks and gluons, the jet charge distributions from simulated events are used as templates to extract the quark- and gluon-like jet fractions from data. The modification of these jet fractions is examined by comparing pp and PbPb data as a function of the overlap of the colliding Pb nuclei (centrality). This measurement tests the color charge dependence of jet energy loss due to interactions with the quark-gluon plasma. No significant modification between different centrality classes and with respect to pp results is observed in the extracted fractions of quark- and gluon-like jet fractions.

14 data tables

Unfolded jet charge measurements for the $p_{T}$-weighting factor $\kappa = 0.5$ and a minimum track $p_{T}$ of 1 GeV for inclusive jets in pp and PbPb data. The PbPb results are shown for different centrality regions.

The standard deviation of the jet charge distributions with different track $p_{T}$ thresholds and $\kappa$ value of 0.5 for pp collisions and in the various event centrality bins for PbPb collisions compared with the PYTHIA6 prediction.

The standard deviation of the jet charge distributions with different track $p_{T}$ thresholds and $\kappa$ value of 0.3 for pp collisions and in the various event centrality bins for PbPb collisions compared with the PYTHIA6 prediction.

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The production of isolated photons in PbPb and pp collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 07 (2020) 116, 2020.
Inspire Record 1788620 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.93877

The transverse energy ($E_\mathrm{T}^{\gamma}$) spectra of photons isolated from other particles are measured using proton-proton (pp) and lead-lead (PbPb) collisions at the LHC at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.02 TeV with integrated luminosities of 27.4 pb$^{-1}$and 404 $\mu$b$^{-1}$ for pp and PbPb data, respectively. The results are presented for photons with 25 $<$ $E_\mathrm{T}^{\gamma}$ $<$ 200 GeV in the pseudorapidity range $|\eta|$ $<$ 1.44, and for different centrality intervals for PbPb collisions. Photon production in PbPb collisions is consistent with that in pp collisions scaled by the number of binary nucleon-nucleon collisions, demonstrating that photons do not interact with the quark-gluon plasma. Therefore, isolated photons can provide information about the initial energy of the associated parton in photon+jet measurements. The results are compared with predictions from the next-to-leading-order JETPHOX generator for different parton distribution functions (PDFs) and nuclear PDFs (nPDFs). The comparisons can help to constrain the nPDFs global fits.

4 data tables

Isolated photon spectra measured as a function of $E_{T}^{\gamma}$ for 0–10%, 10–30%, 30– 50%, 50–100%, and 0–100% PbPb collisions (scaled by $T_{AA}$) at 5.02TeV.

Isolated photon cross section measured as a function of $E_{T}^{\gamma}$ in pp collisions at 5.02TeV.

Nuclear modification factors $R_{AA}$ as a function of $E_{T}^{\gamma}$ measured in the 0–10%, 10–30%, 30–50%, and 50–100% centrality ranges in PbPb.

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Production of $\Lambda_\mathrm{c}^+$ baryons in proton-proton and lead-lead collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}=$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 803 (2020) 135328, 2020.
Inspire Record 1738943 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88290

The differential cross sections of $\Lambda_\mathrm{c}^+$ baryon production are measured via the exclusive decay channel $\Lambda_\mathrm{c}^+ \to $pK$^-\pi^+$, as a function of transverse momentum ($p_\mathrm{T}$) in proton-proton (pp) and lead-lead (PbPb) collisions at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC. The measurement is performed within the $\Lambda_\mathrm{c}^+$ rapidity interval $|y|<$1.0 in the $p_\mathrm{T}$ range of 5-20 GeV/$c$ in pp and 10-20 GeV/$c$ in PbPb collisions. The observed yields of $\Lambda_\mathrm{c}^+$ for $p_\mathrm{T}$ of 10-20 GeV/$c$ suggest a possible suppression in central PbPb collisions compared to pp collisions. The $\Lambda_\mathrm{c}^+/$D$^0$ production ratio in pp collisions is compared to theoretical models. In PbPb collisions, this ratio is consistent with the result from pp collisions in their common $p_\mathrm{T}$ range.

5 data tables

The $p_{T}$-differential cross sections for inclusive $\Lambda_{c}^{+}$ production in pp collisions. The uncertainties associated with the $\Lambda_{c}^{+} \to pK^{-}\pi^{+}$ branching fraction and subresonant contributions, the luminosity and the nonprompt fraction contribute only to the overall normalization and are labeled global uncertainties ($21\%$).

The $T_{AA}$-scaled yields for inclusive $\Lambda_{c}^{+}$ baryon in three centrality regions of PbPb collisions. The uncertainties associated with the $\Lambda_{c}^{+} \to pK^{-}\pi^{+}$ branching fraction and subresonant contributions, the MB selection efficiency and the nonprompt fraction contribute only to the overall normalization and are labeled global uncertainties ($31\%$).

The nuclear modification factor $R_{AA}$ versus $\langle N_\text{part} \rangle$ for inclusive $\Lambda_{c}^{+}$ production in the centrality range $0-100\%$, $0-30\%$ and $30-100\%$. The systematic uncertainties include the PbPb systematic uncertainties associated with the signal extraction, $p_{T}$ spectrum, selection criteria, track reconstruction, and $T_{AA}$. The pp uncertainty includes the same uncertainties for the pp data (except for $T_{AA}$) plus the uncertainties in pp yield and luminosity. The global PbPb uncertainty includes the uncertainty from the nonprompt fraction(accounting for a partial cancelation between pp and PbPb) and MB selection efficiency.

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Multiparticle correlation studies in pPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 8.16 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 101 (2020) 014912, 2020.
Inspire Record 1731568 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88288

The second- and third-order azimuthal anisotropy Fourier harmonics of charged particles produced in pPb collisions, at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 8.16 TeV, are studied over a wide range of event multiplicities. Multiparticle correlations are used to isolate global properties stemming from the collision overlap geometry. The second-order "elliptic" harmonic moment is obtained with high precision through four-, six-, and eight-particle correlations and, for the first time, the third-order "triangular" harmonic moment is studied using four-particle correlations. A sample of peripheral PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.02 TeV that covers a similar range of event multiplicities as the pPb results is also analyzed. Model calculations of initial-state fluctuations in pPb and PbPb collisions can be directly compared to the high precision experimental results. This work provides new insight into the fluctuation-driven origin of the $v_3$ coefficients in pPb and PbPb collisions, and into the dominating overall collision geometry in PbPb collisions at the earliest stages of heavy ion interactions.

14 data tables

$v_2\{4\}$ as a function of $N_{trk}^{offline}$ in PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 5.02$ TeV.

$v_2\{6\}$ as a function of $N_{trk}^{offline}$ in PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 5.02$ TeV.

$v_2\{8\}$ as a function of $N_{trk}^{offline}$ in PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 5.02$ TeV.

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Pseudorapidity distributions of charged hadrons in xenon-xenon collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.44 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 799 (2019) 135049, 2019.
Inspire Record 1719334 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88285

Measurements of the pseudorapidity distributions of charged hadrons produced in xenon-xenon collisions at a nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.44 TeV are presented. The measurements are based on data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The yield of primary charged hadrons produced in xenon-xenon collisions in the pseudorapidity range $|\eta|$ $<$ 3.2 is determined using the silicon pixel detector in the CMS tracking system. For the 5% most central collisions, the charged-hadron pseudorapidity density in the midrapidity region $|\eta|$ $<$ 0.5 is found to be 1187 $\pm$ 36 (syst), with a negligible statistical uncertainty. The rapidity distribution of charged hadrons is also presented in the range $|y|$ $<$ 3.2 and is found to be independent of rapidity around $y =$ 0. Existing Monte-Carlo event generators are unable to simultaneously describe both results. Comparisons of charged-hadron multiplicities between xenon-xenon and lead-lead collisions at similar collision energies show that particle production at midrapidity is strongly dependent on the collision geometry in addition to the system size and collision energy.

7 data tables

Averaged and symmetrised charged-hadron pseudorapidity density distributions in XeXe collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 5.44$ TeV, for events in the 0--80\%, 0--5\%, and 50--55\% centrality intervals. The total uncertainty is dominated by the systematic uncertainty, and statistical uncertainties are negligible.

Averaged and symmetrised charged-hadron rapidity density distributions in XeXe collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 5.44$ TeV, for events in the 0--80\% centrality interval. The total uncertainty is dominated by the systematic uncertainty, and statistical uncertainties are negligible.

Charged-hadron pseudorapidity density in XeXe collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 5.44$ TeV at midrapidity as a function of event centrality. The total uncertainty is dominated by the systematic uncertainty, and statistical uncertainties are negligible.

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Studies of Beauty Suppression via Nonprompt $D^0$ Mesons in Pb-Pb Collisions at $Q^2 = 4$ $\rm GeV^2$

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 123 (2019) 022001, 2019.
Inspire Record 1700575 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88297

The transverse momentum spectra of D$^0$ mesons from b hadron decays are measured at midrapidity ($|y|$ $<$ $1$) in pp and PbPb collisions at a nucleon-nucleon center of mass energy of 5.02 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC. The D$^0$ mesons from b hadron decays are distinguished from prompt D$^0$ mesons by their decay topologies. In PbPb collisions, the B $\to$ D$^0$ yield is found to be suppressed in the measured $p_\mathrm{T}$ range from 2 to 100 GeV$/c$ as compared to pp collisions. The suppression is weaker than that of prompt D$^0$ mesons and charged hadrons for $p_\mathrm{T}$ around 10 GeV$/c$. While theoretical calculations incorporating partonic energy loss in the quark-gluon plasma can successfully describe the measured B $\to$ D$^0$ suppression at higher $p_\mathrm{T}$, the data show an indication of larger suppression than the model predictions in the range of 2 $\lt$ $p_\mathrm{T}$ $\lt$ 5 GeV$/c$.

4 data tables

$ {{{\mathrm {B}}}\to {\mathrm {D^0}}} $ $ {p_{\mathrm {T}}} $ -differential cross section in pp collisions at ${\sqrt {\smash [b]{s}}} = $ 5.02 TeV.

$ {{{\mathrm {B}}}\to {\mathrm {D^0}}} $ $ {p_{\mathrm {T}}} $ -differential invariant yield in PbPb collisions normalized with $ {T_{\mathrm {AA}}} $ at ${\sqrt {\smash [b]{s_{_{\mathrm {NN}}}}}} = $ 5.02 TeV.

The $\text {data}/\mathrm {FONLL}$ ratio for the $ {{{\mathrm {B}}}\to {\mathrm {D^0}}} $ $ {p_{\mathrm {T}}} $ spectra in pp collisions.

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Evidence for light-by-light scattering and searches for axion-like particles in ultraperipheral PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 797 (2019) 134826, 2019.
Inspire Record 1697838 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.95242

Evidence for the light-by-light scattering process, $\gamma\gamma$ $\to$ $\gamma\gamma$, in ultraperipheral PbPb collisions at a centre-of-mass energy per nucleon pair of 5.02 TeV is reported. The analysis is conducted using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 390 $\mu$b$^{-1}$ recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC. Light-by-light scattering processes are selected in events with two photons exclusively produced, each with transverse energy E$_\mathrm{T}^{\gamma}$ $>$ 2 GeV, pseudorapidity $|\eta^{\gamma}|$ $\lt$ 2.4, diphoton invariant mass $m^{\gamma\gamma}$ $\gt$ 5 GeV, diphoton transverse momentum $p_\mathrm{T}^{\gamma\gamma}$ $\lt$ 1 GeV, and diphoton acoplanarity below 0.01. After all selection criteria are applied, 14 events are observed, compared to expectations of 9.0 $\pm$ 0.9 (theo) events for the signal and 4.0 $\pm$ 1.2 (stat) for the background processes. The excess observed in data relative to the background-only expectation corresponds to a significance of 3.7 standard deviations, and has properties consistent with those expected for the light-by-light scattering signal. The measured fiducial light-by-light scattering cross section, $\sigma_\mathrm{fid} (\gamma\gamma$ $\to$ $\gamma\gamma) =$ 120 $\pm$ 46 (stat) $\pm$ 28 (syst) $\pm$ 12 (theo) nb, is consistent with the standard model prediction. The $m^{\gamma\gamma}$ distribution is used to set new exclusion limits on the production of pseudoscalar axion-like particles, via the $\gamma\gamma$ $\to$ a $\to$ $\gamma\gamma$ process, in the mass range $m_{\mathrm{a}} =$ 5-90 GeV.

8 data tables

Detector-level diphoton acoplanarity distribution

Detector-level photon E$_{T}$ distribution

Detector-level photon $\eta$ distribution

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Measurement of B$^0_\mathrm{s}$ meson production in pp and PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 796 (2019) 168-190, 2019.
Inspire Record 1697571 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85629

The production cross sections of B$^0_\mathrm{s}$ mesons and charge conjugates are measured in proton-proton (pp) and PbPb collisions via the exclusive decay channel B$^0_\mathrm{s}$ $\to$ $\mu^+\mu^-$K$^+$K$^-$ at a centre-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV per nucleon pair and within the rapidity range $|y|$ $\lt$ 2.4 using the CMS detector at the LHC. The pp measurement is performed as a function of transverse momentum (p$_\mathrm{T}$) of the B$^0_\mathrm{s}$ meson in the range of 7 to 50 GeV/$c$ and is compared to the predictions of perturbative QCD calculations. The B$^0_\mathrm{s}$ production yield in PbPb collisions is measured in two p$_\mathrm{T}$ intervals, 7 to 15 and 15 to 50 GeV/$c$, and compared to the yield in pp collisions in the same kinematic region. The nuclear modification factor ($R_\mathrm{AA}$) is found to be 1.5 $\pm$ 0.6 (stat) $\pm$ 0.5 (syst) for 7-15 GeV/$c$, and 0.87 $\pm$ 0.30 (stat) $\pm$ 0.17 (syst) for 15-50 GeV/$c$, respectively. Within current uncertainties, the results are consistent with models of strangeness enhancement and a suppression as observed for the B$^+$ mesons.

5 data tables

The $B^{0}_{s}$ p$_T$-differential production cross section in pp collisions at $\sqrt(s_{_{NN}})=5.02$TeV, in three p$_T$ intervals from 7 to 50GeV/c. The global systematic uncertainty, not included in the point-to-point uncertainties, comprises the uncertainties in the integrated luminosity measurment and the branching fraction.

The $B^{0}_{s}$ p$_T$-differential production cross section in pp collisions at $\sqrt(s_{_{NN}})=5.02$TeV, in two p$_T$ intervals from 7 to 50GeV/c. The global systematic uncertainty, not included in the point-to-point uncertainties, comprises the uncertainties in the integrated luminosity measurment and the branching fraction.

The $B^{0}_{s}$ p$_T$-differential yield scaled by $\rm{T_{AA}}$ in PbPb collisions at $\sqrt(s_{_{NN}})=5.02$TeV, in two p$_T$ intervals from 7 to 50GeV/c. The global systematic uncertainty, not included in the point-to-point uncertainties, comprises the uncertainties in $\rm{T_{AA}}$, N$_{MB}$, and the branching fraction.

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Jet Shapes of Isolated Photon-Tagged Jets in Pb-Pb and pp Collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 122 (2019) 152001, 2019.
Inspire Record 1695278 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85627

The modification of jet shapes in PbPb collisions, relative to those in pp collisions, is studied for jets associated with an isolated photon. The data were collected with the CMS detector at the LHC at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV. Jet shapes are constructed from charged particles with track transverse momenta ($p_\mathrm{T}$) above 1 GeV/c in annuli around the axes of jets with $p^\mathrm{jet}_\mathrm{T}$ $>$ 30 GeV/c associated with an isolated photon with $p^\gamma_\mathrm{T}$ $>$ 60 GeV/c. The jet shape distributions are consistent between peripheral PbPb and pp collisions, but are modified for more central PbPb collisions. In these central PbPb events, a larger fraction of the jet momentum is observed at larger distances from the jet axis compared to pp, reflecting the interaction between the partonic medium created in heavy ion collisions and the traversing partons.

9 data tables

The differential jet shape, $\rho(r)$, for jets associated with an isolated photon in pp collisions.

The differential jet shape, $\rho(r)$, for jets associated with an isolated photon in 50-100% centrality PbPb collisions.

The differential jet shape, $\rho(r)$, for jets associated with an isolated photon in 30-50% centrality PbPb collisions.

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Charged-particle nuclear modification factors in XeXe collisions at $ \sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}} = 5.44 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 10 (2018) 138, 2018.
Inspire Record 1692558 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85626

The differential yields of charged particles having pseudorapidity within $|\eta|<$ 1 are measured using xenon-xenon (XeXe) collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}$ = 5.44 TeV. The data, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3.42 $\mu$b$^{-1}$, were collected in 2017 by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The yields are reported as functions of collision centrality and transverse momentum, $p_\mathrm{T}$, from 0.5 to 100 GeV. A previously reported $p_\mathrm{T}$ spectrum from proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 5.02 TeV is used for comparison after correcting for the difference in center-of-mass energy. The nuclear modification factors using this reference, $R_\mathrm{AA}^*$, are constructed and compared to previous measurements and theoretical predictions. In head-on collisions, the $R_\mathrm{AA}^*$ has a value of 0.17 in the $p_\mathrm{T}$ range of 6-8 GeV, but increases to approximately 0.7 at 100 GeV. Above $\approx$ 6 GeV, the XeXe data show a notably smaller suppression than previous results for lead-lead (PbPb) collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV when compared at the same centrality (i.e., the same fraction of total cross section). However, the XeXe suppression is slightly greater than that for PbPb in events having a similar number of participating nucleons.

10 data tables

The per-event differential invariant yield of charged particles having |eta|<1 in XeXe collisions at sqrt(s_NN)=5.44 TeV. The first systematic uncertainty describes uncertainties that are not fully correlated across points, while the second systematic uncertainty is a normalization uncertainty that is fully correlated across all points. Bins where no data point has been reported are denoted as 'empty'.

The per-event differential invariant yield of charged particles having |eta|<1 in pp collisions at sqrt(s)=5.44 TeV, after extrpolation from 5.02 TeV data. The first systematic uncertainty describes uncertainties that are not fully correlated across points, while the second systematic uncertainty is a normalization uncertainty that is fully correlated across all points. The data is measured and extrapolated as a differential cross section, and transformed into a differential yield using an inelastic cross-section of 70 mb.

The nuclear modification factor of charged particles having |eta|<1 in XeXe collisions at sqrt(s_NN)=5.44 TeV. The first systematic uncertainty describes uncertainties that are not fully correlated across points, while the second systematic uncertainty is a normalization uncertainty that is fully correlated across all points. Bins where no data point has been reported are denoted as 'empty'.

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Version 2
Measurement of nuclear modification factors of $\Upsilon$(1S), $\Upsilon$(2S), and $\Upsilon$(3S) mesons in PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_\mathrm{NN}}} =$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 790 (2019) 270-293, 2019.
Inspire Record 1674529 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83200

The cross sections for $\Upsilon$(1S), $\Upsilon$(2S), and $\Upsilon$(3S) production in lead-lead (PbPb) and proton-proton (pp) collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_\mathrm{NN}}} =$ 5.02 TeV have been measured using the CMS detector at the LHC. The nuclear modification factors, R$_\mathrm{AA}$, derived from the PbPb-to-pp ratio of yields for each state, are studied as functions of meson rapidity and transverse momentum, as well as PbPb collision centrality. The yields of all three states are found to be significantly suppressed, and compatible with a sequential ordering of the suppression, R$_\mathrm{AA}$($\Upsilon$(1S)) $>$ R$_\mathrm{AA}$($\Upsilon$(2S)) $>$ R$_\mathrm{AA}$($\Upsilon$(3S)) . The suppression of $\Upsilon$(1S) is larger than that seen at $\sqrt{s_{_\mathrm{NN}}} =$ 2.76 TeV, although the two are compatible within uncertainties. The upper limit on the R$_\mathrm{AA}$ of $\Upsilon$(3S) integrated over $p_\mathrm{T}$ and rapidity is 0.094 at 95% confidence level, which is the strongest suppression observed for any hadron species in heavy ion collisions to date.

23 data tables

Differential cross sections of the Y(1S) meson as a function of pT for pp collisions. The global uncertainty arises from the integrated luminosity uncertainty in pp collisions.

Differential cross sections of the Y(2S) meson as a function of pT for pp collisions. The global uncertainty arises from the integrated luminosity uncertainty in pp collisions.

Differential cross sections of the Y(3S) meson as a function of pT for pp collisions. The global uncertainty arises from the integrated luminosity uncertainty in pp collisions.

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Version 2
Constraining gluon distributions in nuclei using dijets in proton-proton and proton-lead collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_\mathrm{NN}}} =$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 121 (2018) 062002, 2018.
Inspire Record 1672941 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83198

The pseudorapidity distributions of dijets as a function of their average transverse momentum ($p_\mathrm{T}^\text{ave}$) are measured in proton-lead (pPb) and proton-proton (pp) collisions. The data samples were collected by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC, at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV. A significant modification of the pPb spectra with respect to the pp spectra is observed in all $p_\mathrm{T}^\text{ave}$ intervals investigated. The ratios of the pPb and pp distributions are compared to next-to-leading order perturbative quantum chromodynamics calculations with unbound nucleon and nuclear parton distribution functions (PDFs). These results give the first evidence that the gluon PDF at large Bjorken $x$ in lead ions is strongly suppressed with respect to the PDF in unbound nucleons.

21 data tables

The ratio of pPb to pp $\eta_{\mathrm{dijet}}$ spectra for dijets in the range $55 < p_{\mathrm{T}}^{\mathrm{ave}} < 75$ GeV.

The ratio of pPb to pp $\eta_{\mathrm{dijet}}$ spectra for dijets in the range $75 < p_{\mathrm{T}}^{\mathrm{ave}} < 95$ GeV.

The ratio of pPb to pp $\eta_{\mathrm{dijet}}$ spectra for dijets in the range $95 < p_{\mathrm{T}}^{\mathrm{ave}} < 115$ GeV.

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Version 2
Measurement of prompt $\psi$(2S) production cross sections in proton-lead and proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_\mathrm{NN}}}=$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 790 (2019) 509-532, 2019.
Inspire Record 1672011 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83197

Measurements of prompt $\psi$(2S) meson production cross sections in proton-lead (pPb) and proton-proton (pp) collisions at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s_{_\mathrm{NN}}}=$ 5.02 TeV are reported. The results are based on pPb and pp data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC, corresponding to integrated luminosities of 34.6 nb$^{-1}$ and 28.0 pb$^{-1}$, respectively. The nuclear modification factor $R_\mathrm{pPb}$ is measured for prompt $\psi$(2S) in the transverse momentum range 4 $<$ p$_\mathrm{T}$ $<$ 30 GeV$/c$ and the center-of-mass rapidity range $-$2.4 $< y_\mathrm{cm} <$ 1.93. The results on $\psi$(2S) $R_\mathrm{pPb}$ are compared to the corresponding modification factor for prompt J$/\psi$ mesons and are found to be more suppressed than the J$/\psi$ states over the entire kinematic range studied.

5 data tables

Differential cross section (multiplied by the dimuon branching fraction) of prompt $\psi$(2S) mesons in pPb collisions at $\sqrt(s_{\textrm{NN}})=5.02 $ TeV, as a function of $p_{\textrm{T}}$, for four backward $y_{\mathrm{CM}}$ regions. The fully correlated luminosity uncertainty of 3.5% is not inlcuded in the point-by-point uncertainty.

Differential cross section (multiplied by the dimuon branching fraction) of prompt $\psi$(2S) mesons in pPb collisions at $\sqrt(s_{\textrm{NN}})=5.02 $ TeV, as a function of $p_{\textrm{T}}$, for three forward $y_{\mathrm{CM}}$ regions. The fully correlated luminosity uncertainty of 3.5% is not inlcuded in the point-by-point uncertainty.

Differential cross section (multiplied by the dimuon branching fraction) of prompt $\psi$(2S) mesons in pp collisions at $\sqrt(s_{\textrm{NN}})=5.02 $ TeV, as a function of $p_{\textrm{T}}$, for four $y_{\mathrm{CM}}$ regions. The fully correlated luminosity uncertainty of 2.3% is not inlcuded in the point-by-point uncertainty.

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Jet properties in PbPb and pp collisions at $ \sqrt{s_{\mathrm{N}\;\mathrm{N}}}=5.02 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 05 (2018) 006, 2018.
Inspire Record 1658057 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83196

Modifications of the properties of jets in PbPb collisions, relative to those in pp collisions, are studied at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.02 TeV via correlations of charged particles with the jet axis in relative pseudorapidity ($\Delta \eta$), relative azimuth ($\Delta \phi$), and relative angular distance from the jet axis $\Delta \mathrm{r} = \sqrt{{(\Delta\eta)^{2}+(\Delta\phi)^{2}}}$. This analysis uses data collected with the CMS detector at the LHC, corresponding to integrated luminosities of 404 $\mu$b$^{-1}$ and 27.4 pb$^{-1}$ for PbPb and pp collisions, respectively. Charged particle number densities, jet fragmentation functions, and jet shapes are presented as a function of PbPb collision centrality and charged-particle track transverse momentum, providing a differential description of jet modifications due to interactions with the quark-gluon plasma.

12 data tables

The distribution of jet-correlated charged-particle tracks with $|{\Delta\phi}|<1.0$ as a function of $\Delta\eta$ in pp and PbPb collisions. The PbPb results are shown for different centrality regions.

The difference between the PbPb and pp measurements from Table 1.

The distribution of jet-correlated charged-particle tracks with $|{\Delta\eta}|<1.0$ as a function of $\Delta\phi$ in pp and PbPb collisions. The PbPb results are shown for different centrality regions.

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Comparing transverse momentum balance of b jet pairs in pp and PbPb collisions at $ \sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=5.02 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 03 (2018) 181, 2018.
Inspire Record 1652833 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.82819

The transverse momentum balance of pairs of back-to-back b quark jets in PbPb and pp collisions recorded with the CMS detector at the LHC is reported. The center-of-mass energy in both collision systems is 5.02 TeV per nucleon pair. Compared to the pp collision baseline, b quark jets have a larger imbalance in the most central PbPb collisions, as expected from the jet quenching effect. The data are also compared to the corresponding measurement with inclusive dijets. In the most central collisions, the imbalance of b quark dijets is comparable to that of inclusive dijets.

14 data tables

Performance of double b-jet tagging, in terms of b-tagging purity and efficiency

Delta phi distributions of incluisve dijets and b-quark dijets in pp collisions

Delta phi distributions of incluisve dijets and b-quark dijets in central (0-10%) PbPb collisions

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Observation of Medium-Induced Modifications of Jet Fragmentation in Pb-Pb Collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=$ 5.02 TeV Using Isolated Photon-Tagged Jets

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 121 (2018) 242301, 2018.
Inspire Record 1648162 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.80817

Measurements of fragmentation functions for jets associated with an isolated photon are presented for the first time in pp and PbPb collisions. The analysis uses data collected with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV. Fragmentation functions are obtained for jets with p$_\mathrm{T}^\text{jet} >$ 30 GeV in events containing an isolated photon with p$_\mathrm{T}^\gamma>$ 60 GeV, using charged tracks with transverse momentum p$_\mathrm{T}^\text{trk} >$ 1 GeV in a cone around the jet axis. The association with an isolated photon constrains the initial p$_\mathrm{T}$ and azimuthal angle of the parton whose shower produced the jet. For central PbPb collisions, modifications of the jet fragmentation functions are observed when compared to those measured in pp collisions, while no significant differences are found in the 50% most peripheral collisions. Jets in central PbPb events show an excess (depletion) of low (high) p$_\mathrm{T}$ particles, with a transition around 3 GeV.

16 data tables

$\xi^\mathrm{jet}$ distributions for jets associated with an isolated photon in pp and 50-100% centrality PbPb collisions. The resolutions of the measured jet energy and azimuthal angle in pp are smeared to match those in the PbPb sample.

$\xi^\mathrm{jet}$ distributions for jets associated with an isolated photon in pp and 30-50% centrality PbPb collisions. The resolutions of the measured jet energy and azimuthal angle in pp are smeared to match those in the PbPb sample.

$\xi^\mathrm{jet}$ distributions for jets associated with an isolated photon in pp and 10-30% centrality PbPb collisions. The resolutions of the measured jet energy and azimuthal angle in pp are smeared to match those in the PbPb sample.

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Measurement of prompt and nonprompt charmonium suppression in $\text {PbPb}$ collisions at 5.02 $\,\text {Te}\text {V}$

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 78 (2018) 509, 2018.
Inspire Record 1644903 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.80816

The nuclear modification factors of J/$\psi$ and $\psi$(2S) mesons are measured in PbPb collisions at a centre-of-mass energy per nucleon pair of $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}} =$ 5.02 TeV. The analysis is based on PbPb and pp data samples collected by CMS at the LHC in 2015, corresponding to integrated luminosities of 464 $\mu$b$^{-1}$ and 28 pb$^{-1}$, respectively. The measurements are performed in the dimuon rapidity range of $|y| <$ 2.4 as a function of centrality, rapidity, and transverse momentum (p$_\mathrm{T}$) from p$_\mathrm{T}=$ 3 GeV/$c$ in the most forward region and up to 50 GeV/$c$. Both prompt and nonprompt (coming from b hadron decays) mesons are observed to be increasingly suppressed with centrality, with a magnitude similar to the one observed at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=$ 2.76 TeV for the two J/$\psi$ meson components. No dependence on rapidity is observed for either prompt or nonprompt J/$\psi$ mesons. An indication of a lower prompt J/$\psi$ meson suppression at p$_\mathrm{T} >$ 25 GeV/$c$ is seen with respect to that observed at intermediate p$_\mathrm{T}$. The prompt $\psi$(2S) meson yield is found to be more suppressed than that of the prompt J/$\psi$ mesons in the entire p$_\mathrm{T}$ range.

32 data tables

Fraction of J/psi mesons coming from the decay of b hadrons, i.e. nonprompt J/psi meson fraction, as a function of dimuon pT for pp and PbPb collisions, for all centralities.

Fraction of J/psi mesons coming from the decay of b hadrons, i.e. nonprompt J/psi meson fraction, as a function of dimuon rapidity for pp and PbPb collisions, for all centralities.

Differential cross section of prompt J/psi mesons as a function of dimuon pT in pp and PbPb collisions. The PbPb cross sections are normalised by TAA for direct comparison. Global uncertainties arise from the integrated luminosity uncertainty in pp collisions, and the number of minimum bias events and TAA uncertainties for PbPb collisions.

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Study of jet quenching with isolated-photon+jet correlations in PbPb and pp collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{\mathrm{NN}}}} =$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 785 (2018) 14-39, 2018.
Inspire Record 1638996 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.80815

Measurements of azimuthal angle and transverse momentum ($p_\mathrm{T}$) correlations of isolated photons and associated jets are reported for pp and PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{\mathrm{NN}}}} =$ 5.02 TeV. The data were recorded with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC. For events containing a leading isolated photon with $p_\mathrm{T}^\gamma >$ 40 GeV$/c$ and an associated jet with $p_\mathrm{T}^\text{jet} >$ 30 GeV$/c$, the photon+jet azimuthal correlation and $p_\mathrm{T}$ imbalance in PbPb collisions are studied as functions of collision centrality and $p_\mathrm{T}^\gamma$. The results are compared to pp reference data collected at the same collision energy and to predictions from several theoretical models for parton energy loss. No evidence of broadening of the photon+jet azimuthal correlations is observed, while the ratio $p_\mathrm{T}^\text{jet}/p_\mathrm{T}^\gamma$ decreases significantly for PbPb data relative to the pp reference. All models considered agree within uncertainties with the data. The number of associated jets per photon with $p_\mathrm{T}^\gamma >$ 80 GeV$/c$ is observed to be shifted towards lower $p_\mathrm{T}^\text{jet}$ values in central PbPb collisions compared to pp collisions.

7 data tables

Jet resolution parameters for pp and PbPb collisions in various centrality bins.

The azimuthal correlation of photons and jets in five $p_{\mathrm{T}}^{\gamma}$ intervals for 0-30% and 30-100% centrality PbPb collisions. The smeared pp data are included for comparison.

Distribution of $x_{\mathrm{j}\gamma} = p_{\mathrm{T}}^{\mathrm{jet}} / p_{\mathrm{T}}^{\gamma}$ in five $p_{\mathrm{T}}^{\gamma}$ intervals for 0-30% and 30-100% centrality PbPb collisions. The smeared pp data are included for comparison. Empty bins are denoted as 'empty' in the table.

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Pseudorapidity distributions of charged hadrons in proton-lead collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_\mathrm{NN}}} =$ 5.02 and 8.16 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 01 (2018) 045, 2018.
Inspire Record 1632453 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.80150

The pseudorapidity distributions of charged hadrons in proton-lead collisions at nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energies $\sqrt{s_{_\mathrm{NN}}} =$ 5.02 and 8.16 TeV are presented. The measurements are based on data samples collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The number of primary charged hadrons produced in non-single-diffractive proton-lead collisions is determined in the pseudorapidity range $|\eta_\mathrm{lab}| <$ 2.4. The charged-hadron multiplicity distributions are compared to the predictions from theoretical calculations and Monte Carlo event generators. In the center-of-mass pseudorapidity range $|\eta_\mathrm{cm}| < 0.5$, the average charged-hadron multiplicity densities $<\mathrm{d}N_{\mathrm{ch}}/\mathrm{d}\eta_{\mathrm{cm}}>$$\vert_{|\eta_{\mathrm{cm}}| < 0.5}$ are 17.31 $\pm$ 0.01 (stat) $\pm$ 0.59 (syst) and 20.10 $\pm$ 0.01 (stat) $\pm$ 0.85 (syst) at $\sqrt{s_{_\mathrm{NN}}} =$ 5.02 and 8.16 TeV, respectively. The particle densities per participant nucleon are compared to similar measurements in proton-proton, proton-nucleus, and nucleus-nucleus collisions.

1 data table

Distributions of the pseudorapidity density of charged hadrons in the region $|\eta_{\mathrm{lab}}|<2.4$ in non-single-diffractive pPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{\mathrm{NN}}}} = 5.02$ (open squares) and 8.16 TeV (full squares). The systematic uncertainties are correlated between the two beam energies. The proton beam goes in the positive $|\eta_{\mathrm{lab}}|$ direction.


Observation of Correlated Azimuthal Anisotropy Fourier Harmonics in $pp$ and $p+Pb$ Collisions at the LHC

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 120 (2018) 092301, 2018.
Inspire Record 1626103 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.79667

The azimuthal anisotropy Fourier coefficients ($v_n$) in 8.16 TeV pPb data are extracted via long-range two-particle correlations as a function of event multiplicity and compared to corresponding results in pp and PbPb collisions. Using a four-particle cumulant technique, $v_n$ correlations are measured for the first time in pp and pPb collisions. The $v_2$ and $v_4$ coefficients are found to be positively correlated in all collision systems. For high multiplicity pPb collisions an anticorrelation of $v_2$ and $v_3$ is observed, with a similar correlation strength as in PbPb data at the same multiplicity. The new correlation results strengthen the case for a common origin of the collectivity seen in pPb and PbPb collisions in the measured multiplicity range.

9 data tables

The $v_{n}$ result from 2-particle correlation as a function of multiplicity ($N_{trk}^{offline}$) in PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV. Results after low-multiplicity subtraction are denoted as $v_{n}^{sub}$.

The $v_{n}$ result from 2-particle correlation as a function of multiplicity ($N_{trk}^{offline}$) in pPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 8.16 TeV. Results after low-multiplicity subtraction are denoted as $v_{n}^{sub}$.

The $v_{4}$ result from 2-particle correlation as a function of multiplicity ($N_{trk}^{offline}$) in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13.00 TeV. Results after low-multiplicity subtraction are denoted as $v_{4}^{sub}$.

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Principal-component analysis of two-particle azimuthal correlations in PbPb and $p\text{Pb}$ collisions at CMS

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, A.M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 96 (2017) 064902, 2017.
Inspire Record 1618346 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.79057

For the first time a principle-component analysis is used to separate out different orthogonal modes of the two-particle correlation matrix from heavy ion collisions. The analysis uses data from sqrt(s[NN]) = 2.76 TeV PbPb and sqrt(s[NN]) = 5.02 TeV pPb collisions collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC. Two-particle azimuthal correlations have been extensively used to study hydrodynamic flow in heavy ion collisions. Recently it has been shown that the expected factorization of two-particle results into a product of the constituent single-particle anisotropies is broken. The new information provided by these modes may shed light on the breakdown of flow factorization in heavy ion collisions. The first two modes ("leading" and "subleading") of two-particle correlations are presented for elliptical and triangular anisotropies in PbPb and pPb collisions as a function of pt over a wide range of event activity. The leading mode is found to be essentially equivalent to the anisotropy harmonic previously extracted from two-particle correlation methods. The subleading mode represents a new experimental observable and is shown to account for a large fraction of the factorization breaking recently observed at high transverse momentum. The principle-component analysis technique has also been applied to multiplicity fluctuations. These also show a subleading mode. The connection of these new results to previous studies of factorization is discussed.

40 data tables

Leading ($\alpha$ = 1) and subleading ($\alpha$ = 2) elliptic flow, $v^{(\alpha)}_2$, as a function of $p_T$ in 0-0.2% centrality PbPb collisions.

Leading ($\alpha$ = 1) and subleading ($\alpha$ = 2) elliptic flow, $v^{(\alpha)}_2$, as a function of $p_T$ in 0-5% centrality PbPb collisions.

Leading ($\alpha$ = 1) and subleading ($\alpha$ = 2) elliptic flow, $v^{(\alpha)}_2$, as a function of $p_T$ in 0-10% centrality PbPb collisions.

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Nuclear modification factor of D$^0$ mesons in PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} = 5.02$ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 782 (2018) 474-496, 2018.
Inspire Record 1616207 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.79053

The transverse momentum ($p_\mathrm{t}$) spectrum of prompt D$^0$ mesons and their antiparticles has been measured via the hadronic decay channels D$^0 \to \mathrm{K}^- \pi^+$ and $\overline{\mathrm{D}}^0 \to \mathrm{K}^+ \pi^-$ in pp and PbPb collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV per nucleon pair with the CMS detector at the LHC. The measurement is performed in the D$^0$ meson $p_\mathrm{t}$ range of 2-100 GeV and in the rapidity range of $|y| < $1. The pp (PbPb) dataset used for this analysis corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 27.4 pb$^{-1}$ (530 $\mu$b$^{-1}$). The measured D$^0$ meson $p_\mathrm{t}$ spectrum in pp collisions is well described by perturbative QCD calculations. The nuclear modification factor, comparing D$^0$ meson yields in PbPb and pp collisions, was extracted for both minimum-bias and the 10% most central PbPb interactions. For central events, the D$^0$ meson yield in the PbPb collisions is suppressed by a factor of 5-6 compared to the pp reference in the $p_\mathrm{t}$ range of 6-10 GeV. For D$^0$ mesons in the high-$p_\mathrm{t}$ range of 60-100 GeV, a significantly smaller suppression is observed. The results are also compared to theoretical calculations.

3 data tables

Nuclear modification factor of $(D^{0}+\overline{D}\hspace{.01cm}^{0})/2$ as a function of $p_{T}$ in the centrality range $0-100\%$ and $0-10\%$.

The $p_{T}$-differential production cross section of $(D^{0}+\overline{D}\hspace{.01cm}^{0})/2$ in pp collisions.

The $p_{T}$-differential production yields of $(D^{0}+\overline{D}\hspace{.01cm}^{0})/2$ divided by the nuclear overlap functions $T_{AA}$ for PbPb collisions in the $0-100\%$ and $0-10\%$ centrality ranges.


Measurement of prompt $D^0$ meson azimuthal anisotropy in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{{s}_{NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 120 (2018) 202301, 2018.
Inspire Record 1615780 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.78930

The prompt D$^0$ meson azimuthal anisotropy coefficients, $v_2$ and $v_3$, are measured at midrapidity ($|y| < 1.0$) in PbPb collisions at a center-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} = $5.02 TeV per nucleon pair with data collected by the CMS experiment. The measurement is performed in the transverse momentum ($p_\mathrm{T}$) range of 1 to 40 GeV/c, for central and midcentral collisions. The $v_2$ coefficient is found to be positive throughout the $p_\mathrm{T}$ range studied. The first measurement of the prompt D$^0$ meson $v_3$ coefficient is performed, and values up to 0.07 are observed for $p_\mathrm{T}$ around 4 GeV/c. Compared to measurements of charged particles, a similar $p_\mathrm{T}$ dependence, but smaller magnitude for $p_\mathrm{T} < $6 GeV/c, is found for prompt D$^0$ meson $v_2$ and $v_3$ coefficients. The results are consistent with the presence of collective motion of charm quarks at low $p_\mathrm{T}$ and a path length dependence of charm quark energy loss at high $p_\mathrm{T}$, thereby providing new constraints on the theoretical description of the interactions between charm quarks and the quark-gluon plasma.

6 data tables

Prompt D0 meson v2 in 0-10 centrality percentile in midrapidity (|y| < 1.0) in PbPb collisions at 5.02 TeV. The second sys is the systematic uncertainty from the nonprompt D0. The first sys is the systematic uncertainty from other sources.

Prompt D0 meson v2 in 10-30 centrality percentile in midrapidity (|y| < 1.0) in PbPb collisions at 5.02 TeV. The second sys is the systematic uncertainty from the nonprompt D0. The first sys is the systematic uncertainty from other sources.

Prompt D0 meson v2 in 30-50 centrality percentile in midrapidity (|y| < 1.0) in PbPb collisions at 5.02 TeV. The second sys is the systematic uncertainty from the nonprompt D0. The first sys is the systematic uncertainty from other sources.

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Constraints on the chiral magnetic effect using charge-dependent azimuthal correlations in $p\mathrm{Pb}$ and PbPb collisions at the CERN Large Hadron Collider

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 97 (2018) 044912, 2018.
Inspire Record 1614482 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.82637

Charge-dependent azimuthal correlations of same- and opposite-sign pairs with respect to the second- and third-order event planes have been measured in pPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 8.16 TeV and PbPb collisions at 5.02 TeV with the CMS experiment at the LHC. The measurement is motivated by the search for the charge separation phenomenon predicted by the chiral magnetic effect (CME) in heavy ion collisions. Three- and two-particle azimuthal correlators are extracted as functions of the pseudorapidity difference, the transverse momentum ($p_\mathrm{t}$) difference, and the $p_\mathrm{t}$ average of same- and opposite-charge pairs in various event multiplicity ranges. The data suggest that the charge-dependent three-particle correlators with respect to the second- and third-order event planes share a common origin, predominantly arising from charge-dependent two-particle azimuthal correlations coupled with an anisotropic flow. The CME is expected to lead to a $v_2$-independent three-particle correlation when the magnetic field is fixed. Using an event shape engineering technique, upper limits on the $v_2$-independent fraction of the three-particle correlator are estimated to be 13% for pPb and 7% for PbPb collisions at 95% confidence level. The results of this analysis, both the dominance of two-particle correlations as a source of the three-particle results and the similarities seen between PbPb and pPb, provide stringent constraints on the origin of charge-dependent three-particle azimuthal correlations and challenge their interpretation as arising from a chiral magnetic effect in heavy ion collisions.

93 data tables

Three-particle correlation with respect to the 2nd order event plane from Pb-going side in pPb collisions.

Three-particle correlation with respect to the 2nd order event plane from p-going side in pPb collisions.

Three-particle correlation with respect to the 2nd order event plane in PbPb collisions.

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Suppression of Excited $\Upsilon$ States Relative to the Ground State in Pb-Pb Collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}$=5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 120 (2018) 142301, 2018.
Inspire Record 1605750 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.79055

The relative yields of $\Upsilon$ mesons produced in pp and PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV and reconstructed via the dimuon decay channel are measured using data collected by the CMS experiment. Double ratios are formed by comparing the yields of the excited states, $\Upsilon$(2S) and $\Upsilon$(3S), to the ground state, $\Upsilon$(1S), in both PbPb and pp collisions at the same center-of-mass energy. The double ratios, [$\Upsilon$(nS)/$\Upsilon$(1S)]$_\mathrm{PbPb}$ / [$\Upsilon$(nS)/$\Upsilon$(1S)]$_\mathrm{pp}$, are measured to be 0.308 $\pm$ 0.055 (stat) $\pm$ 0.019 (syst) for the $\Upsilon$(2S) and less than 0.26 at 95% confidence level for the $\Upsilon$(3S). No significant $\Upsilon$(3S) signal is found in the PbPb data. The double ratios are studied as a function of collision centrality, as well as dimuon transverse momentum and rapidity. No significant dependencies are observed.

5 data tables

Double ratio of measured yields, $(N_{\varUpsilon(2S)} / N_{\varUpsilon(1S)})_{\mathrm{PbPb}} / (N_{\varUpsilon(2S)} / N_{\varUpsilon(1S)})_{pp}$, as a function of centrality, for upsilon $|y|<2.4$ and $p_T<30$GeV, and $p_{T}^{\mu}>4$GeV.

Double ratio of measured yields, $(N_{\varUpsilon(2S)} / N_{\varUpsilon(1S)})_{\mathrm{PbPb}} / (N_{\varUpsilon(2S)} / N_{\varUpsilon(1S)})_{pp}$, as a function of pT, for upsilon $|y|<2.4$, $p_{T}^{\mu}>4$GeV, and 0--100\% event centrality.

Double ratio of measured yields, $(N_{\varUpsilon(2S)} / N_{\varUpsilon(1S)})_{\mathrm{PbPb}} / (N_{\varUpsilon(2S)} / N_{\varUpsilon(1S)})_{pp}$, as a function of rapidity, for upsilon $pT<30$GeV, $p_{T}^{\mu}>4$GeV, and 0--100\% event centrality.

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