Study of central exclusive $\pi^+\pi^-$ production in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 5.02 and 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 80 (2020) 718, 2020.
Inspire Record 1784063 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.100551

Central exclusive and semiexclusive production of $\pi^+\pi^-$ pairs is measured with the CMS detector in proton-proton collisions at the LHC at center-of-mass energies of 5.02 and 13 TeV. The theoretical description of these nonperturbative processes, which have not yet been measured in detail at the LHC, poses a significant challenge to models. The two pions are measured and identified in the CMS silicon tracker based on specific energy loss, whereas the absence of other particles is ensured by calorimeter information. The total and differential cross sections of exclusive and semiexclusive central $\pi^+\pi^-$ production are measured as functions of invariant mass, transverse momentum, and rapidity of the $\pi^+\pi^-$ system in the fiducial region defined as transverse momentum $p_\mathrm{T}(\pi)$ $>$ 0.2 GeV and pseudorapidity $|\eta(\pi)|$ $<$ 2.4. The production cross sections for the four resonant channels f$_0(500)$, $\rho^0(770)$, f$_0(980)$, and f$_2(1270)$ are extracted using a simple model. These results represent the first measurement of this process at the LHC collision energies of 5.02 and 13 TeV.

6 data tables

Differential cross section as a function of the invariant mass of the pion pair at 5.02 TeV, compared with generator-level simulations.

Differential cross section as a function of the invariant mass of the pion pair at 13 TeV, compared with generator-level simulations.

Differential cross section as a function of the transverse momentum of the pion pair at 5.02 TeV, compared with generator-level simulations.

More…

Multiparticle correlation studies in pPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 8.16 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 101 (2020) 014912, 2020.
Inspire Record 1731568 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88288

The second- and third-order azimuthal anisotropy Fourier harmonics of charged particles produced in pPb collisions, at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 8.16 TeV, are studied over a wide range of event multiplicities. Multiparticle correlations are used to isolate global properties stemming from the collision overlap geometry. The second-order "elliptic" harmonic moment is obtained with high precision through four-, six-, and eight-particle correlations and, for the first time, the third-order "triangular" harmonic moment is studied using four-particle correlations. A sample of peripheral PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.02 TeV that covers a similar range of event multiplicities as the pPb results is also analyzed. Model calculations of initial-state fluctuations in pPb and PbPb collisions can be directly compared to the high precision experimental results. This work provides new insight into the fluctuation-driven origin of the $v_3$ coefficients in pPb and PbPb collisions, and into the dominating overall collision geometry in PbPb collisions at the earliest stages of heavy ion interactions.

14 data tables

$v_2\{4\}$ as a function of $N_{trk}^{offline}$ in PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 5.02$ TeV.

$v_2\{6\}$ as a function of $N_{trk}^{offline}$ in PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 5.02$ TeV.

$v_2\{8\}$ as a function of $N_{trk}^{offline}$ in PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 5.02$ TeV.

More…

Pseudorapidity distributions of charged hadrons in xenon-xenon collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.44 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 799 (2019) 135049, 2019.
Inspire Record 1719334 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88285

Measurements of the pseudorapidity distributions of charged hadrons produced in xenon-xenon collisions at a nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.44 TeV are presented. The measurements are based on data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The yield of primary charged hadrons produced in xenon-xenon collisions in the pseudorapidity range $|\eta|$ $<$ 3.2 is determined using the silicon pixel detector in the CMS tracking system. For the 5% most central collisions, the charged-hadron pseudorapidity density in the midrapidity region $|\eta|$ $<$ 0.5 is found to be 1187 $\pm$ 36 (syst), with a negligible statistical uncertainty. The rapidity distribution of charged hadrons is also presented in the range $|y|$ $<$ 3.2 and is found to be independent of rapidity around $y =$ 0. Existing Monte-Carlo event generators are unable to simultaneously describe both results. Comparisons of charged-hadron multiplicities between xenon-xenon and lead-lead collisions at similar collision energies show that particle production at midrapidity is strongly dependent on the collision geometry in addition to the system size and collision energy.

7 data tables

Averaged and symmetrised charged-hadron pseudorapidity density distributions in XeXe collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 5.44$ TeV, for events in the 0--80\%, 0--5\%, and 50--55\% centrality intervals. The total uncertainty is dominated by the systematic uncertainty, and statistical uncertainties are negligible.

Averaged and symmetrised charged-hadron rapidity density distributions in XeXe collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 5.44$ TeV, for events in the 0--80\% centrality interval. The total uncertainty is dominated by the systematic uncertainty, and statistical uncertainties are negligible.

Charged-hadron pseudorapidity density in XeXe collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 5.44$ TeV at midrapidity as a function of event centrality. The total uncertainty is dominated by the systematic uncertainty, and statistical uncertainties are negligible.

More…

Evidence for light-by-light scattering and searches for axion-like particles in ultraperipheral PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 797 (2019) 134826, 2019.
Inspire Record 1697838 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.95242

Evidence for the light-by-light scattering process, $\gamma\gamma$ $\to$ $\gamma\gamma$, in ultraperipheral PbPb collisions at a centre-of-mass energy per nucleon pair of 5.02 TeV is reported. The analysis is conducted using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 390 $\mu$b$^{-1}$ recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC. Light-by-light scattering processes are selected in events with two photons exclusively produced, each with transverse energy E$_\mathrm{T}^{\gamma}$ $>$ 2 GeV, pseudorapidity $|\eta^{\gamma}|$ $\lt$ 2.4, diphoton invariant mass $m^{\gamma\gamma}$ $\gt$ 5 GeV, diphoton transverse momentum $p_\mathrm{T}^{\gamma\gamma}$ $\lt$ 1 GeV, and diphoton acoplanarity below 0.01. After all selection criteria are applied, 14 events are observed, compared to expectations of 9.0 $\pm$ 0.9 (theo) events for the signal and 4.0 $\pm$ 1.2 (stat) for the background processes. The excess observed in data relative to the background-only expectation corresponds to a significance of 3.7 standard deviations, and has properties consistent with those expected for the light-by-light scattering signal. The measured fiducial light-by-light scattering cross section, $\sigma_\mathrm{fid} (\gamma\gamma$ $\to$ $\gamma\gamma) =$ 120 $\pm$ 46 (stat) $\pm$ 28 (syst) $\pm$ 12 (theo) nb, is consistent with the standard model prediction. The $m^{\gamma\gamma}$ distribution is used to set new exclusion limits on the production of pseudoscalar axion-like particles, via the $\gamma\gamma$ $\to$ a $\to$ $\gamma\gamma$ process, in the mass range $m_{\mathrm{a}} =$ 5-90 GeV.

8 data tables

Detector-level diphoton acoplanarity distribution

Detector-level photon E$_{T}$ distribution

Detector-level photon $\eta$ distribution

More…

Measurement of B$^0_\mathrm{s}$ meson production in pp and PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 796 (2019) 168-190, 2019.
Inspire Record 1697571 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85629

The production cross sections of B$^0_\mathrm{s}$ mesons and charge conjugates are measured in proton-proton (pp) and PbPb collisions via the exclusive decay channel B$^0_\mathrm{s}$ $\to$ $\mu^+\mu^-$K$^+$K$^-$ at a centre-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV per nucleon pair and within the rapidity range $|y|$ $\lt$ 2.4 using the CMS detector at the LHC. The pp measurement is performed as a function of transverse momentum (p$_\mathrm{T}$) of the B$^0_\mathrm{s}$ meson in the range of 7 to 50 GeV/$c$ and is compared to the predictions of perturbative QCD calculations. The B$^0_\mathrm{s}$ production yield in PbPb collisions is measured in two p$_\mathrm{T}$ intervals, 7 to 15 and 15 to 50 GeV/$c$, and compared to the yield in pp collisions in the same kinematic region. The nuclear modification factor ($R_\mathrm{AA}$) is found to be 1.5 $\pm$ 0.6 (stat) $\pm$ 0.5 (syst) for 7-15 GeV/$c$, and 0.87 $\pm$ 0.30 (stat) $\pm$ 0.17 (syst) for 15-50 GeV/$c$, respectively. Within current uncertainties, the results are consistent with models of strangeness enhancement and a suppression as observed for the B$^+$ mesons.

5 data tables

The $B^{0}_{s}$ p$_T$-differential production cross section in pp collisions at $\sqrt(s_{_{NN}})=5.02$TeV, in three p$_T$ intervals from 7 to 50GeV/c. The global systematic uncertainty, not included in the point-to-point uncertainties, comprises the uncertainties in the integrated luminosity measurment and the branching fraction.

The $B^{0}_{s}$ p$_T$-differential production cross section in pp collisions at $\sqrt(s_{_{NN}})=5.02$TeV, in two p$_T$ intervals from 7 to 50GeV/c. The global systematic uncertainty, not included in the point-to-point uncertainties, comprises the uncertainties in the integrated luminosity measurment and the branching fraction.

The $B^{0}_{s}$ p$_T$-differential yield scaled by $\rm{T_{AA}}$ in PbPb collisions at $\sqrt(s_{_{NN}})=5.02$TeV, in two p$_T$ intervals from 7 to 50GeV/c. The global systematic uncertainty, not included in the point-to-point uncertainties, comprises the uncertainties in $\rm{T_{AA}}$, N$_{MB}$, and the branching fraction.

More…

Jet Shapes of Isolated Photon-Tagged Jets in Pb-Pb and pp Collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 122 (2019) 152001, 2019.
Inspire Record 1695278 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85627

The modification of jet shapes in PbPb collisions, relative to those in pp collisions, is studied for jets associated with an isolated photon. The data were collected with the CMS detector at the LHC at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV. Jet shapes are constructed from charged particles with track transverse momenta ($p_\mathrm{T}$) above 1 GeV/c in annuli around the axes of jets with $p^\mathrm{jet}_\mathrm{T}$ $>$ 30 GeV/c associated with an isolated photon with $p^\gamma_\mathrm{T}$ $>$ 60 GeV/c. The jet shape distributions are consistent between peripheral PbPb and pp collisions, but are modified for more central PbPb collisions. In these central PbPb events, a larger fraction of the jet momentum is observed at larger distances from the jet axis compared to pp, reflecting the interaction between the partonic medium created in heavy ion collisions and the traversing partons.

9 data tables

The differential jet shape, $\rho(r)$, for jets associated with an isolated photon in pp collisions.

The differential jet shape, $\rho(r)$, for jets associated with an isolated photon in 50-100% centrality PbPb collisions.

The differential jet shape, $\rho(r)$, for jets associated with an isolated photon in 30-50% centrality PbPb collisions.

More…

Charged-particle nuclear modification factors in XeXe collisions at $ \sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}} = 5.44 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 10 (2018) 138, 2018.
Inspire Record 1692558 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85626

The differential yields of charged particles having pseudorapidity within $|\eta|<$ 1 are measured using xenon-xenon (XeXe) collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}$ = 5.44 TeV. The data, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3.42 $\mu$b$^{-1}$, were collected in 2017 by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The yields are reported as functions of collision centrality and transverse momentum, $p_\mathrm{T}$, from 0.5 to 100 GeV. A previously reported $p_\mathrm{T}$ spectrum from proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 5.02 TeV is used for comparison after correcting for the difference in center-of-mass energy. The nuclear modification factors using this reference, $R_\mathrm{AA}^*$, are constructed and compared to previous measurements and theoretical predictions. In head-on collisions, the $R_\mathrm{AA}^*$ has a value of 0.17 in the $p_\mathrm{T}$ range of 6-8 GeV, but increases to approximately 0.7 at 100 GeV. Above $\approx$ 6 GeV, the XeXe data show a notably smaller suppression than previous results for lead-lead (PbPb) collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV when compared at the same centrality (i.e., the same fraction of total cross section). However, the XeXe suppression is slightly greater than that for PbPb in events having a similar number of participating nucleons.

10 data tables

The per-event differential invariant yield of charged particles having |eta|<1 in XeXe collisions at sqrt(s_NN)=5.44 TeV. The first systematic uncertainty describes uncertainties that are not fully correlated across points, while the second systematic uncertainty is a normalization uncertainty that is fully correlated across all points. Bins where no data point has been reported are denoted as 'empty'.

The per-event differential invariant yield of charged particles having |eta|<1 in pp collisions at sqrt(s)=5.44 TeV, after extrpolation from 5.02 TeV data. The first systematic uncertainty describes uncertainties that are not fully correlated across points, while the second systematic uncertainty is a normalization uncertainty that is fully correlated across all points. The data is measured and extrapolated as a differential cross section, and transformed into a differential yield using an inelastic cross-section of 70 mb.

The nuclear modification factor of charged particles having |eta|<1 in XeXe collisions at sqrt(s_NN)=5.44 TeV. The first systematic uncertainty describes uncertainties that are not fully correlated across points, while the second systematic uncertainty is a normalization uncertainty that is fully correlated across all points. Bins where no data point has been reported are denoted as 'empty'.

More…

Version 2
Measurement of nuclear modification factors of $\Upsilon$(1S), $\Upsilon$(2S), and $\Upsilon$(3S) mesons in PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_\mathrm{NN}}} =$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 790 (2019) 270-293, 2019.
Inspire Record 1674529 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83200

The cross sections for $\Upsilon$(1S), $\Upsilon$(2S), and $\Upsilon$(3S) production in lead-lead (PbPb) and proton-proton (pp) collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_\mathrm{NN}}} =$ 5.02 TeV have been measured using the CMS detector at the LHC. The nuclear modification factors, R$_\mathrm{AA}$, derived from the PbPb-to-pp ratio of yields for each state, are studied as functions of meson rapidity and transverse momentum, as well as PbPb collision centrality. The yields of all three states are found to be significantly suppressed, and compatible with a sequential ordering of the suppression, R$_\mathrm{AA}$($\Upsilon$(1S)) $>$ R$_\mathrm{AA}$($\Upsilon$(2S)) $>$ R$_\mathrm{AA}$($\Upsilon$(3S)) . The suppression of $\Upsilon$(1S) is larger than that seen at $\sqrt{s_{_\mathrm{NN}}} =$ 2.76 TeV, although the two are compatible within uncertainties. The upper limit on the R$_\mathrm{AA}$ of $\Upsilon$(3S) integrated over $p_\mathrm{T}$ and rapidity is 0.094 at 95% confidence level, which is the strongest suppression observed for any hadron species in heavy ion collisions to date.

23 data tables

Differential cross sections of the Y(1S) meson as a function of pT for pp collisions. The global uncertainty arises from the integrated luminosity uncertainty in pp collisions.

Differential cross sections of the Y(2S) meson as a function of pT for pp collisions. The global uncertainty arises from the integrated luminosity uncertainty in pp collisions.

Differential cross sections of the Y(3S) meson as a function of pT for pp collisions. The global uncertainty arises from the integrated luminosity uncertainty in pp collisions.

More…

Version 2
Measurement of prompt $\psi$(2S) production cross sections in proton-lead and proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_\mathrm{NN}}}=$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 790 (2019) 509-532, 2019.
Inspire Record 1672011 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83197

Measurements of prompt $\psi$(2S) meson production cross sections in proton-lead (pPb) and proton-proton (pp) collisions at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s_{_\mathrm{NN}}}=$ 5.02 TeV are reported. The results are based on pPb and pp data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC, corresponding to integrated luminosities of 34.6 nb$^{-1}$ and 28.0 pb$^{-1}$, respectively. The nuclear modification factor $R_\mathrm{pPb}$ is measured for prompt $\psi$(2S) in the transverse momentum range 4 $<$ p$_\mathrm{T}$ $<$ 30 GeV$/c$ and the center-of-mass rapidity range $-$2.4 $< y_\mathrm{cm} <$ 1.93. The results on $\psi$(2S) $R_\mathrm{pPb}$ are compared to the corresponding modification factor for prompt J$/\psi$ mesons and are found to be more suppressed than the J$/\psi$ states over the entire kinematic range studied.

5 data tables

Differential cross section (multiplied by the dimuon branching fraction) of prompt $\psi$(2S) mesons in pPb collisions at $\sqrt(s_{\textrm{NN}})=5.02 $ TeV, as a function of $p_{\textrm{T}}$, for four backward $y_{\mathrm{CM}}$ regions. The fully correlated luminosity uncertainty of 3.5% is not inlcuded in the point-by-point uncertainty.

Differential cross section (multiplied by the dimuon branching fraction) of prompt $\psi$(2S) mesons in pPb collisions at $\sqrt(s_{\textrm{NN}})=5.02 $ TeV, as a function of $p_{\textrm{T}}$, for three forward $y_{\mathrm{CM}}$ regions. The fully correlated luminosity uncertainty of 3.5% is not inlcuded in the point-by-point uncertainty.

Differential cross section (multiplied by the dimuon branching fraction) of prompt $\psi$(2S) mesons in pp collisions at $\sqrt(s_{\textrm{NN}})=5.02 $ TeV, as a function of $p_{\textrm{T}}$, for four $y_{\mathrm{CM}}$ regions. The fully correlated luminosity uncertainty of 2.3% is not inlcuded in the point-by-point uncertainty.

More…

Jet properties in PbPb and pp collisions at $ \sqrt{s_{\mathrm{N}\;\mathrm{N}}}=5.02 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 05 (2018) 006, 2018.
Inspire Record 1658057 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83196

Modifications of the properties of jets in PbPb collisions, relative to those in pp collisions, are studied at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.02 TeV via correlations of charged particles with the jet axis in relative pseudorapidity ($\Delta \eta$), relative azimuth ($\Delta \phi$), and relative angular distance from the jet axis $\Delta \mathrm{r} = \sqrt{{(\Delta\eta)^{2}+(\Delta\phi)^{2}}}$. This analysis uses data collected with the CMS detector at the LHC, corresponding to integrated luminosities of 404 $\mu$b$^{-1}$ and 27.4 pb$^{-1}$ for PbPb and pp collisions, respectively. Charged particle number densities, jet fragmentation functions, and jet shapes are presented as a function of PbPb collision centrality and charged-particle track transverse momentum, providing a differential description of jet modifications due to interactions with the quark-gluon plasma.

12 data tables

The distribution of jet-correlated charged-particle tracks with $|{\Delta\phi}|<1.0$ as a function of $\Delta\eta$ in pp and PbPb collisions. The PbPb results are shown for different centrality regions.

The difference between the PbPb and pp measurements from Table 1.

The distribution of jet-correlated charged-particle tracks with $|{\Delta\eta}|<1.0$ as a function of $\Delta\phi$ in pp and PbPb collisions. The PbPb results are shown for different centrality regions.

More…