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Observation of $\tau$ lepton pair production in ultraperipheral lead-lead collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration
CMS-HIN-21-009, 2022.
Inspire Record 2094321 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.129600

We present an observation of photon-photon production of $\tau$ lepton pairs in ultraperipheral lead-lead collisions. The measurement is based on a data sample with an integrated luminosity of 404 $\mu$b$^{-1}$ collected by the CMS experiment at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV. The $\gamma\gamma\to\tau^+\tau^-$ process is observed for $\tau\tau$ events with a muon and three charged hadrons in the final state. The measured fiducial cross section is $\sigma(\gamma\gamma\to\tau^+\tau^-)$ = 4.8$\pm$ 0.6 (stat) $\pm$ 0.5 (syst) $\mu$b, in agreement with leading-order QED predictions. Using $\sigma(\gamma\gamma\to\tau^+\tau^-)$, we estimate a model-dependent value of the anomalous magnetic moment of the $\tau$ lepton of $a_\tau$ = 0.001$^{+0.055}_{-0.089}$ at a 68% confidence level.

2 data tables

$\gamma\gamma\to\tau\tau$ fiducial cross section

Limits on anomalous magnetic moment of the tau lepton


Azimuthal correlations within exclusive dijets with large momentum transfer in photon-lead collisions

The CMS collaboration
CMS-HIN-18-011, 2022.
Inspire Record 2075414 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.95235

The first measurement of the azimuthal angular correlations of exclusively produced events with two jets in photon-lead interactions at large momentum transfer is presented. Theoretical predictions relate such correlations to the polarization of gluons within nuclei. This study uses a data sample of lead-lead collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 0.38 nb$^{-1}$, collected with the CMS experiment. One of the jets is required to have a transverse momentum above 30 GeV, while that of the second is greater than 20 GeV. The measured second harmonic of the correlation between the sum and difference of the two jet momenta is found to be positive, and rising, as the dijet momentum increases. The model representing the state-of-the-art calculations in electromagnetic interactions with protons overestimates this angular correlation. The measurement is also compared to a recent theoretical calculation that includes final state interactions.

2 data tables

The unfolded 1/${N_{\mathrm{events}}} dN/d\Phi$ distribution

The unfolded $<\cos(2\Phi)>$ distribution as a function of $Q_{\mathrm{T}}$


Strange hadron collectivity in pPb and PbPb collisions

The CMS collaboration
CMS-HIN-19-004, 2022.
Inspire Record 2075415 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.115425

The collective behavior of K$^0_\mathrm{S}$ and $\Lambda/\bar{\Lambda}$ strange hadrons is studied by measuring the elliptic azimuthal anisotropy ($v_2$) using the scalar-product and multiparticle correlation methods. Proton-lead (pPb) collisions at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}$ = 8.16 TeV and lead-lead (PbPb) collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC are investigated. Nonflow effects in the pPb collisions are studied by using a subevent cumulant analysis and by excluding events where a jet with transverse momentum greater than 20\GeV is present. The strange hadron $v_2$ values extracted in \pPb collisions via the four- and six-particle correlation method are found to be nearly identical, suggesting the collective behavior. Comparisons of the pPb and PbPb results for both strange hadrons and charged particles illustrate how event-by-event flow fluctuations depend on the system size.

55 data tables

The elliptic flow $v_2\{4\}$ for charged hadron as a function of $p_T$ in PbPb collision at 5.02 TeV.

The elliptic flow $v_2\{6\}$ for charged hadron as a function of $p_T$ in PbPb collision at 5.02 TeV.

The elliptic flow $v_2\{8\}$ for charged hadron as a function of $p_T$ in PbPb collision at 5.02 TeV.

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Study of central exclusive $\pi^+\pi^-$ production in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 5.02 and 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 80 (2020) 718, 2020.
Inspire Record 1784063 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.100551

Central exclusive and semiexclusive production of $\pi^+\pi^-$ pairs is measured with the CMS detector in proton-proton collisions at the LHC at center-of-mass energies of 5.02 and 13 TeV. The theoretical description of these nonperturbative processes, which have not yet been measured in detail at the LHC, poses a significant challenge to models. The two pions are measured and identified in the CMS silicon tracker based on specific energy loss, whereas the absence of other particles is ensured by calorimeter information. The total and differential cross sections of exclusive and semiexclusive central $\pi^+\pi^-$ production are measured as functions of invariant mass, transverse momentum, and rapidity of the $\pi^+\pi^-$ system in the fiducial region defined as transverse momentum $p_\mathrm{T}(\pi)$ $>$ 0.2 GeV and pseudorapidity $|\eta(\pi)|$ $<$ 2.4. The production cross sections for the four resonant channels f$_0(500)$, $\rho^0(770)$, f$_0(980)$, and f$_2(1270)$ are extracted using a simple model. These results represent the first measurement of this process at the LHC collision energies of 5.02 and 13 TeV.

6 data tables

Differential cross section as a function of the invariant mass of the pion pair at 5.02 TeV, compared with generator-level simulations.

Differential cross section as a function of the invariant mass of the pion pair at 13 TeV, compared with generator-level simulations.

Differential cross section as a function of the transverse momentum of the pion pair at 5.02 TeV, compared with generator-level simulations.

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Measurement of prompt ${ D_{s}^{+}}$ production in pp and PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{\text{NN}}}}$ = 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration
CMS-PAS-HIN-18-017, 2019.
Inspire Record 1766111 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88295

The transverse momentum (pT) spectra of prompt D+ s mesons and charge conjugates are measured in pp and PbPb collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV per nucleon pair using the CMS detector at the LHC. The measurement is performed through the D+ s !fp+ !K+K􀀀p+ decay channels with the D+ s rapidity range jyj < 1.0. The D+ s production in the pT range from 2 (6) GeV/c to 40 GeV/c in pp (PbPb) collisions is measured. Suppression of the D+ s nuclear modification factor (RAA) in PbPb collisions suggests a strong interaction between charm quarks and the quarkgluon plasma. The double ratio of prompt D+ s to prompt D0 production in pp and PbPb is consistent with a PHSD model calculation and consistent with unity, which indicates that strange charm meson enhancement in PbPb collisions is not significant in the measured D+ s pT interval.

5 data tables

$p_T$ differential cross section of $D^+_s$ s in pp and PbPb at 5.02 TeV. The $p_T$-differential cross section of $D^+_s$ in pp collisions and $p_T$-differential corrected yield of $D^+_s$ mesons scaled by T$_\text{AA}$ in PbPb collisions are shown.

The ratio between $p_T$-differential cross section of $D^+_s$ in pp collisions and $p_T$-differential corrected yield of $D^+_s$ mesons scaled by T$_\text{AA}$ in PbPb collisions over PYTHIA8 are shown.

The nuclear modification factor (R$_\text{AA}$) of $D^+_s$.

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Pseudorapidity distributions of charged hadrons in proton-lead collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_\mathrm{NN}}} =$ 5.02 and 8.16 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 01 (2018) 045, 2018.
Inspire Record 1632453 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.80150

The pseudorapidity distributions of charged hadrons in proton-lead collisions at nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energies $\sqrt{s_{_\mathrm{NN}}} =$ 5.02 and 8.16 TeV are presented. The measurements are based on data samples collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The number of primary charged hadrons produced in non-single-diffractive proton-lead collisions is determined in the pseudorapidity range $|\eta_\mathrm{lab}| <$ 2.4. The charged-hadron multiplicity distributions are compared to the predictions from theoretical calculations and Monte Carlo event generators. In the center-of-mass pseudorapidity range $|\eta_\mathrm{cm}| < 0.5$, the average charged-hadron multiplicity densities $<\mathrm{d}N_{\mathrm{ch}}/\mathrm{d}\eta_{\mathrm{cm}}>$$\vert_{|\eta_{\mathrm{cm}}| < 0.5}$ are 17.31 $\pm$ 0.01 (stat) $\pm$ 0.59 (syst) and 20.10 $\pm$ 0.01 (stat) $\pm$ 0.85 (syst) at $\sqrt{s_{_\mathrm{NN}}} =$ 5.02 and 8.16 TeV, respectively. The particle densities per participant nucleon are compared to similar measurements in proton-proton, proton-nucleus, and nucleus-nucleus collisions.

1 data table

Distributions of the pseudorapidity density of charged hadrons in the region $|\eta_{\mathrm{lab}}|<2.4$ in non-single-diffractive pPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{\mathrm{NN}}}} = 5.02$ (open squares) and 8.16 TeV (full squares). The systematic uncertainties are correlated between the two beam energies. The proton beam goes in the positive $|\eta_{\mathrm{lab}}|$ direction.


Measurement of the underlying event activity using charged-particle jets in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 2.76 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 09 (2015) 137, 2015.
Inspire Record 1385107 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.69365

A measurement of the underlying event (UE) activity in proton-proton collisions is performed using events with charged-particle jets produced in the central pseudorapidity region (abs(eta[jet]) < 2) and with transverse momentum 1<= pt[jet] < 100 GeV. The analysis uses a data sample collected at a centre-of-mass energy of 2.76 TeV with the CMS experiment at the LHC. The UE activity is measured as a function of pt[jet] in terms of the average multiplicity and scalar sum of transverse momenta (pt) of charged particles, with abs(eta) < 2 and pt > 0.5 GeV, in the azimuthal region transverse to the highest pt jet direction. By further dividing the transverse region into two regions of smaller and larger activity, various components of the UE activity are separated. The measurements are compared to previous results at 0.9 and 7 TeV, and to predictions of several Monte Carlo event generators, providing constraints on the modelling of the UE dynamics.

8 data tables

Fully corrected average charged particle multiplicity per unit of pseudorapidity and per radian as a function of the leading track-jet transverse momentum for proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 2.76 TeV in the Transverse region.

Fully corrected average charged particle scalar Sum(pT) per unit of pseudorapidity and per radian as a function of the leading track-jet transverse momentum for proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 2.76 TeV in the Transverse region.

Fully corrected average charged particle multiplicity per unit of pseudorapidity and per radian as a function of the leading track-jet transverse momentum for proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 2.76 TeV in the TransMAX region.

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Study of the Underlying Event at Forward Rapidity in pp Collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 0.9, 2.76, and 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
JHEP 04 (2013) 072, 2013.
Inspire Record 1218372 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66750

The underlying event activity in proton-proton collisions at forward pseudorapidity (-6.6 < eta < -5.2) is studied with the CMS detector at the LHC, using a novel observable: the ratio of the forward energy density, dE/d(eta), for events with a charged-particle jet produced at central pseudorapidity (abs(eta[jet]) < 2) to the forward energy density for inclusive events. This forward energy density ratio is measured as a function of the central jet transverse momentum, pt, at three different pp centre-of-mass energies (sqrt(s) = 0.9, 2.76, and 7 TeV). In addition, the sqrt(s) evolution of the forward energy density is studied in inclusive events and in events with a central jet. The results are compared to those of Monte Carlo event generators for pp collisions and are discussed in terms of the underlying event. Whereas the dependence of the forward energy density ratio on jet pt at each sqrt(s) separately can be well reproduced by some models, all models fail to simultaneously describe the increase of the forward energy density with sqrt(s) in both inclusive events and in events with a central jet.

1 data table

Ratio of the energy deposited in the pseudorapidity range $-6.6 < \eta < -5.2$ for events with a charged-particle jet with $|\eta^\text{jet}| < 2$ with respect to the energy in inclusive events, as a function of the jet transverse momentum $p_{\rm T}$ for $\sqrt{s} =$ 0.9, 2.76 , and 7 TeV. Data are taken from the Rivet Analysis.


Charged particle nuclear modification factor and pseudorapidity asymmetry in pPb collisions at sqrt(sNN)=5.02 TeV with CMS

The CMS collaboration
2013.
Inspire Record 1263706 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66742

The charged particle transverse momentum spectra in the midrapidity and forward pseudorapidity ranges are presented for pPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}=5.02$~TeV. The data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 26~${\rm nb}^{-1}$ was collected with the CMS detector at the LHC. The nuclear modification factor is measured at midrapidity by normalizing the measured pPb spectrum to a pp reference spectrum constructed from previous measurements. In addition, the asymmetries in the charged particle yields between equivalent positive and negative pseudorapidity ranges in the center-of-mass frame are presented as a function of transverse momentum.

11 data tables

Invariant charged particle differential yield.

Invariant charged particle differential yield.

Invariant charged particle differential yield.

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