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Search for physics beyond the standard model in multilepton final states in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2019.
Inspire Record 1764474 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.91969

A search for physics beyond the standard model in events with at least three charged leptons (electrons or muons) is presented. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb$^{-1}$ of proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV, collected with the CMS detector at the LHC in 2016-2018. The two targeted signal processes are pair production of type-III seesaw heavy fermions and production of a light scalar or pseudoscalar boson in association with a pair of top quarks. The heavy fermions may be manifested as an excess of events with large values of leptonic transverse momenta or missing transverse momentum. The light scalars or pseudoscalars may create a localized excess in the dilepton mass spectra. The results exclude heavy fermions of the type-III seesaw model for masses below 880 GeV at 95% confidence level in the scenario of equal branching fractions to each lepton flavor. This is the most restrictive limit on the flavor-democratic scenario of the type-III seesaw model to date. Assuming a Yukawa coupling of unit strength to top quarks, branching fractions of new scalar (pseudoscalar) bosons to dielectrons or dimuons above 0.004 (0.03) and 0.04 (0.03) are excluded at 95% confidence level for masses in the range 15-75 and 108-340 GeV, respectively. These are the first limits in these channels on an extension of the standard model with scalar or pseudoscalar particles.

58 data tables

The 95% confidence level exclusion limits for the flavor-democratic scenario on the total production cross section of heavy fermion pairs.

The dimuon $M_{OSSF}^{20}$ distribution in the 4L($\mu\mu$) 0B, $S_{T}$<400 GeV signal region. The last bin does not contain the overflow events. The signal is shown with $g_{t}^2\mathcal{B}(\phi - {\mu\mu})$=0.05.

The dimuon $M_{OSSF}^{300}$ distribution in the 4L($\mu\mu$) 0B, $S_{T}$<400 GeV signal region. The last bin does not contain the overflow events. The signal is shown with $g_{t}^2\mathcal{B}(\phi - {\mu\mu})$=0.05.

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Search for high mass dijet resonances with a new background prediction method in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2019.
Inspire Record 1764471 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.91059

A search for narrow and broad resonances with masses greater than 1.8 TeV decaying to a pair of jets is presented. The search uses proton-proton collision data at $\sqrt{s}=$13 TeV collected at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb$^{-1}$. The background arising from standard model processes is predicted with the fit method used in previous publications and with a new method. The dijet invariant mass spectrum is well described by both data-driven methods, and no significant evidence for the production of new particles is observed. Model independent upper limits are reported on the production cross sections of narrow resonances, and broad resonances with widths up to 55% of the resonance mass. Limits are presented on the masses of narrow resonances from various models: string resonances, scalar diquarks, axigluons, colorons, excited quarks, color-octet scalars, W' and Z' bosons, Randall-Sundrum gravitons, and dark matter mediators. The limits on narrow resonances are improved by 200 to 800 GeV relative to those reported in previous CMS dijet resonance searches. The limits on dark matter mediators are presented as a function of the resonance mass and width, and on the associated coupling strength as a function of the mediator mass. These limits exclude at 95% confidence level a dark matter mediator with a mass of 1.8 TeV and width 1% of its mass or higher, up to one with a mass of 4.8 TeV and a width 45% of its mass or higher.

10 data tables

The observed 95% CL upper limits on the product of the cross section, branching fraction, and acceptance for spin-1 resonances produced and decaying in the quark-quark channel, shown for various values of intrinsic width as a function of resonance mass.

The observed 95% CL upper limits on the product of the cross section, branching fraction, and acceptance for spin-2 resonances produced and decaying in the quark-quark channel, shown for various values of intrinsic width as a function of resonance mass.

The observed 95% CL upper limits on the product of the cross section, branching fraction, and acceptance for spin-2 resonances produced and decaying in the gluon-gluon channel, shown for various values of intrinsic width as a function of resonance mass.

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Evidence for WW production from double-parton interactions in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C80 (2020) 41, 2020.
Inspire Record 1753976 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.90950

A search for WW production from double-parton scattering processes using same-charge electron-muon and dimuon events is reported, based on proton-proton collision data collected at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. The analyzed data set corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 77.4 fb$^{-1}$, collected using the CMS detector at the LHC in 2016 and 2017. Multivariate classifiers are used to discriminate between the signal and the dominant background processes. A maximum likelihood fit is performed to extract the signal cross section. This leads to the first evidence for WW production via double-parton scattering, with a significance of 3.9 standard deviations. The measured inclusive cross section is 1.41 $\pm$ 0.28 (stat) $\pm$ 0.28 (syst) pb.

1 data table

Observed value for inclusive same-sign WW production via DPS


Measurements of differential Z boson production cross sections in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2019.
Inspire Record 1753680 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.91215

Measurements are presented of the differential cross sections for Z bosons produced in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV and decaying to muons and electrons. The data analyzed were collected in 2016 with the CMS detector at the LHC and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. The measured fiducial inclusive product of cross section and branching fraction agrees with next-to-next-to-leading order quantum chromodynamics calculations. Differential cross sections of the transverse momentum $p_\mathrm{T}$, the optimized angular variable $\phi^*_\eta$, and the rapidity of lepton pairs are measured. The data are corrected for detector effects and compared to theoretical predictions using fixed order, resummed, and parton shower calculations. The uncertainties of the measured normalized cross sections are smaller than 0.5% for $\phi^*_\eta <$ 0.5 and for $p_\mathrm{T}^\mathrm{Z} <$ 50 GeV.

73 data tables

Summary of data, expected signal, and background yields after the full selection. The predicted signal yields are quoted using aMC@NLO simulation. The statistical uncertainties in the simulated samples are below 0.1%.

Summary of the systematic uncertainties for the inclusive fiducial cross section measurements.

The measured inclusive fiducial cross sections in the dimuon and dielectron final states. The combined measurement is also shown.

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Version 2
Search for dark photons in decays of Higgs bosons produced in association with Z bosons in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2019.
Inspire Record 1748735 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.89702

A search is presented for a Higgs boson that is produced in association with a Z boson and that decays to an undetected particle together with an isolated photon. The search is performed by the CMS Collaboration at the Large Hadron Collider using a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb$^{-1}$ recorded at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. No significant excess of events above the expectation from the standard model background is found. The results are interpreted in the context of a theoretical model in which the undetected particle is a massless dark photon. An upper limit is set on the product of the cross section for associated Higgs and Z boson production and the branching fraction for such a Higgs boson decay, as a function of the Higgs boson mass. For a mass of 125 GeV, assuming the standard model production cross section, this corresponds to an observed (expected) upper limit on this branching fraction of 4.6 (3.6)% at 95% confidence level. These are the first limits on Higgs boson decays to final states that include an undetected massless dark photon.

12 data tables

Observed yields, background estimates after the fit to data, and signal predictions after the event selection in the signal region. The signal size corresponds to $0.1 \sigma_{\mathrm{\mathrm{ZH}}}$ for all three $m_{\mathrm{\mathrm{H}}}$ values shown. The combined statistical and systematic uncertainties are reported.

Covariance matrix for all bins used in the analysis. There are 45 bins in total, 15 for every data-taking year. For every year, the first bin corresponds to events in the $\mathrm{e}\mu$ control region, the following five bins correspond to events with $|\eta^\gamma|< 1$ in the signal region, the next five bins correspond to events with $|\eta^\gamma|> 1$ in the signal region, the next two bins correspond to events in the WZ control region, and finally the last two bins correspond to events in the ZZ control region.

Electron reconstruction, identification, and isolation efficiency as a function of $|\eta|$ and $\mathrm{p_\mathrm{T}}$.

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Search for heavy Higgs bosons decaying to a top quark pair in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2019.
Inspire Record 1747886 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.89937

A search is presented for additional scalar (H) or pseudoscalar (A) Higgs bosons decaying to a top quark pair in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. The data set analyzed corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$ collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC. Final states with one or two charged leptons are considered. The invariant mass of the reconstructed top quark pair system and variables that are sensitive to the spin of the particles decaying into the top quark pair are used to search for signatures of the H or A bosons. The interference with the standard model top quark pair background is taken into account. A moderate signal-like deviation compatible with an A boson with a mass of 400 GeV is observed with a global significance of 1.9 standard deviations. New stringent constraints are reported on the strength of the coupling of the hypothetical bosons to the top quark, with the mass of the bosons ranging from 400 to 750 GeV and their total relative width from 0.5 to 25%. The results of the search are also interpreted in a minimal supersymmetric standard model scenario. Values of $m_\mathrm{A}$ from 400 to 700 GeV are probed, and a region with values of $\tan\beta$ below 1.0 to 1.5, depending on $m_\mathrm{A}$, is excluded at 95% confidence level.

13 data tables

Exclusion in the (mA, tan beta) plane of the hMSSM. Both H and A boson signals are included with masses and widths that correspond to a given point in the plane.

Model-independent constraints on the coupling strength modifier as a function of the heavy scalar boson mass, for a relative width of 0.5%.

Model-independent constraints on the coupling strength modifier as a function of the heavy scalar boson mass, for a relative width of 1.0%.

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Search for supersymmetry with a compressed mass spectrum in the vector boson fusion topology with 1-lepton and 0-lepton final states in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1908 (2019) 150, 2019.
Inspire Record 1737508 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88816

A search for supersymmetric particles produced in the vector boson fusion topology in proton-proton collisions is presented. The search targets final states with one or zero leptons, large missing transverse momentum, and two jets with a large separation in rapidity. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{−1}$ of proton-proton collisions at $ \sqrt{s} $ = 13 TeV collected in 2016 with the CMS detector at the LHC. The observed dijet invariant mass and lepton-neutrino transverse mass spectra are found to be consistent with the standard model predictions. Upper limits are set on the cross sections for chargino $ \left({\tilde{\upchi}}_1^{\pm}\right) $ and neutralino $ \left({\tilde{\upchi}}_2^0\right) $ production with two associated jets. For a compressed mass spectrum scenario in which the $ {\tilde{\upchi}}_1^{\pm } $ and $ {\tilde{\upchi}}_2^0 $ decays proceed via a light slepton and the mass difference between the lightest neutralino $ {\tilde{\upchi}}_1^0 $ and the mass-degenerate particles $ {\tilde{\upchi}}_1^{\pm } $ and $ {\tilde{\upchi}}_2^0 $ is 1 (30) GeV, the most stringent lower limit to date of 112 (215) GeV is set on the mass of these latter two particles.

20 data tables

Combined 95% CL expected upper limit on the signal cross section as a function of $m_{\tilde{\chi}_{2}^{0}}=m_{\tilde{\chi}_{1}^{\pm}}$ for a $\Delta m=1$ GeV mass gap between the chargino and the lightest neutralino in the $W Z$ model.

Combined 95% CL expected upper limit on the signal cross section as a function of $m_{\tilde{\chi}_{2}^{0}}=m_{\tilde{\chi}_{1}^{\pm}}$ for a $\Delta m=50$ GeV mass gap between the chargino and the lightest neutralino in the $W Z$ model.

Combined 95% CL observed upper limit on the signal cross section as a function of $m_{\tilde{\chi}_{2}^{0}}=m_{\tilde{\chi}_{1}^{\pm}}$ for a $\Delta m=1$ GeV mass gap between the chargino and the lightest neutralino in the $W Z$ model.

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Version 2
Search for a light charged Higgs boson decaying to a W boson and a CP-odd Higgs boson in final states with e$\mu\mu$ or $\mu\mu\mu$ in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 123 (2019) 131802, 2019.
Inspire Record 1735729 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.89938

A search for a light charged Higgs boson (H$^+$) decaying to a W boson and a CP-odd Higgs boson (A) in final states with e$\mu\mu$ or $\mu\mu\mu$ is performed using data from pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV, recorded by the CMS detector at the LHC and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. In this search, it is assumed that the H$^+$ boson is produced in decays of top quarks, and the A boson decays to two oppositely charged muons. The presence of signals for H$^+$ boson masses between 100 and 160 GeV and A boson masses between 15 and 75 GeV is investigated. No evidence for the production of the H$^+$ boson is found. Upper limits at 95% confidence level are obtained on the combined branching fraction for the decay chain t $\to$ bH$^+$ $\to$ bW$^+$A $\to$ bW$^+\mu^+\mu^-$, of 1.9 $\times$ 10$^{-6}$ to 8.6 $\times$ 10$^{-6}$, depending on the masses of the H$^+$ and A bosons. These are the first limits for these decay modes of the H$^+$ and A bosons.

2 data tables

Expected and observed upper limits at 95% CL on $\mathcal{B}_{sig}=\mathcal{B}(\mathrm{t}\to\mathrm{b}\mathrm{H^{+}})\mathcal{B}(\mathrm{H^{+}}\to\mathrm{W^{+}}\mathrm{A})\mathcal{B}(\mathrm{A}\to\mu^{+}\mu^{-})$ for the A boson masses ($\mathit{m}_{\mathrm{A}}$). The $\mathrm{H^{+}}$ boson mass is assumed to be $\mathit{m}_{\mathrm{A}}$+85 GeV in the calculation.

Expected and observed upper limits at 95% CL on $\mathcal{B}_{sig}=\mathcal{B}(\mathrm{t}\to\mathrm{b}\mathrm{H^{+}})\mathcal{B}(\mathrm{H^{+}}\to\mathrm{W^{+}}\mathrm{A})\mathcal{B}(\mathrm{A}\to\mu^{+}\mu^{-})$ for the A boson masses ($\mathit{m}_{\mathrm{A}}$). The $\mathrm{H^{+}}$ boson mass is assumed to be 160 GeV in the calculation.


Search for anomalous electroweak production of vector boson pairs in association with two jets in proton-proton collisions at 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B798 (2019) 134985, 2019.
Inspire Record 1735737 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.89398

A search for anomalous electroweak production of WW, WZ, and ZZ boson pairs in association with two jets in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV at the LHC is reported. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$ collected with the CMS detector. Events are selected by requiring two jets with large rapidity separation and invariant mass, one or two leptons (electrons or muons), and a W or Z boson decaying hadronically. No excess of events with respect to the standard model background predictions is observed and constraints on the structure of quartic vector boson interactions in the framework of dimension-8 effective field theory operators are reported. Stringent limits on parameters of the effective field theory operators are obtained. The observed 95% confidence level limits for the S0, M0, and T0 operators are $-$2.7 $<$ f$_{\mathrm{S0}}/ \Lambda^{4}$ $<$ 2.7, $-$1.0 $<$ f$_{\mathrm{M0}}/ \Lambda^{4}$ $<$ 1.0, and $-$0.17 $<$ f$_{\mathrm{T0}}/ \Lambda^{4}$ $<$ 0.16, in units of TeV$^{-4}$. Constraints are also reported on the product of the cross section and branching fraction for vector boson fusion production of charged Higgs bosons as a function of mass from 600 to 2000 GeV. The results are interpreted in the context of the Georgi-Machacek model.

10 data tables

Expected yields from various background processes in $\mathrm{WV}$ and $\mathrm{ZV}$ final states. The combination of the statistical and systematic uncertainties are shown. The predicted yields are shown with their best-fit normalizations from the background-only fit. The aQGC signal yields are shown for two aQGC scenarios with $f_{T2}/ \Lambda^{4} = -0.5$ TeV$^{-4}$ and $f_{T2}/ \Lambda^{4} = -2.5$ TeV$^{-4}$ for the $\mathrm{WV}$ and $\mathrm{ZV}$ channels, respectively. The charged Higgs boson signal yields are also shown for values of $s_{\mathrm{H}}=0.5$ and $m_{\mathrm{H}_{5}}=500$ GeV in the GM model. The statistical uncertainties are shown for the expected signal yields.

Observed and expected lower and upper 95\% CL limits on the parameters of the quartic operators S0, S1, M0, M1, M6, M7, T0, T1, and T2 in $\mathrm{WV}$ and $\mathrm{ZV}$ channels. The last two columns show the observed and expected limits for the combination of the $\mathrm{WV}$ and $\mathrm{ZV}$ channels.

$\mathrm{m_{\mathrm{ZV}}}$ distribution in the $\mathrm{ZV}$ channel. The predicted yields are shown with their best-fit normalizations from the background-only fit.

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Search for resonances decaying to a pair of Higgs bosons in the $\mathrm{b\overline{b}q\overline{q}'}\ell\nu$ final state in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP, 2019.
Inspire Record 1728701 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88898

A search for new massive particles decaying into a pair of Higgs bosons in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV is presented. Data were collected with the CMS detector at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. The search is performed for resonances with a mass between 0.8 and 3.5 TeV using events in which one Higgs boson decays into a bottom quark pair and the other decays into two W bosons that subsequently decay into a lepton, a neutrino, and a quark pair. The Higgs boson decays are reconstructed with techniques that identify final state quarks as substructure within boosted jets. The data are consistent with standard model expectations. Exclusion limits are placed on the product of the cross section and branching fraction for generic spin-0 and spin-2 massive resonances. The results are interpreted in the context of radion and bulk graviton production in models with a warped extra spatial dimension. These are the best results to date from searches for an HH resonance decaying to this final state, and they are comparable to the results from searches in other channels for resonances with masses below 1.5 TeV.

2 data tables

Observed and expected 95% CL upper limits on the product of the cross section and branching fraction to HH for a generic spin-0 (left) and spin-2 (right) boson X, as a function of mass. Example radion and bulk graviton predictions are also shown. The HH branching fraction is assumed to be 25 and 10%, respectively.

Observed and expected 95% CL upper limits on the product of the cross section and branching fraction to HH for a generic spin-0 (left) and spin-2 (right) boson X, as a function of mass. Example radion and bulk graviton predictions are also shown. The HH branching fraction is assumed to be 25 and 10%, respectively.