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Search for long-lived particles decaying into displaced jets in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D99 (2019) 032011, 2019.
Inspire Record 1704319 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88880

A search for long-lived particles decaying into jets is presented. Data were collected with the CMS detector at the LHC from proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV in 2016, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9  fb-1. The search examines the distinctive topology of displaced tracks and secondary vertices. The selected events are found to be consistent with standard model predictions. For a simplified model in which long-lived neutral particles are pair produced and decay to two jets, pair production cross sections larger than 0.2 fb are excluded at 95% confidence level for a long-lived particle mass larger than 1000 GeV and proper decay lengths between 3 and 130 mm. Several supersymmetry models with gauge-mediated supersymmetry breaking or R-parity violation, where pair-produced long-lived gluinos or top squarks decay to several final-state topologies containing displaced jets, are also tested. For these models, in the mass ranges above 200 GeV, gluino masses up to 2300–2400 GeV and top squark masses up to 1350–1600 GeV are excluded for proper decay lengths approximately between 10 and 100 mm. These are the most restrictive limits to date on these models.

18 data tables

The distributions of vertex track multiplicity for data, simulated QCD multijet events, and simulated signal events. Data and simulated events are selected with the displaced-jet trigger. The offline $H_{T}$ is required to be larger than 400 $\mathrm{GeV}$, and the jets are required to have $p_{T}>50\ \mathrm{GeV}$ and $|\eta|<2.0$. Three benchmark signal distributions are shown (dashed lines) for the jet-jet model with $m_{X}=300\ \mathrm{GeV}$ and varying lifetimes. For visualization each signal process is given a cross section, $\sigma$, such that $\sigma\ 35.9\ \mathrm{fb}^{-1} = 1 \times 10^{6}$.

The distributions of vertex $L_{xy}$ significance for data, simulated QCD multijet events, and simulated signal events. Data and simulated events are selected with the displaced-jet trigger. The offline $H_{T}$ is required to be larger than 400 $\mathrm{GeV}$, and the jets are required to have $p_{T}>50\mathrm{GeV}$ and $|\eta|<2.0$. Three benchmark signal distributions are shown (dashed lines) for the jet-jet model with $m_{X}=300\ \mathrm{GeV}$ and varying lifetimes. For visualization each signal process is given a cross section, $\sigma$, such that $\sigma\ 35.9 \mathrm{fb}^{-1} = 1 \times 10^{6}$.

The distributions of cluster RMS for data, simulated QCD multijet events, and simulated signal events. Data and simulated events are selected with the displaced-jet trigger. The offline $H_{T}$ is required to be larger than 400 $\mathrm{GeV}$, and the jets are required to have $p_{T}>50\ \mathrm{GeV}$ and $|\eta|<2.0$. Three benchmark signal distributions are shown (dashed lines) for the jet-jet model with $m_{X}=300\ \mathrm{GeV}$ and varying lifetimes. For visualization each signal process is given a cross section, $\sigma$, such that $\sigma\ 35.9\ \mathrm{fb}^{-1} = 1 \times 10^{6}$.

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Search for new particles decaying to a jet and an emerging jet

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1902 (2019) 179, 2019.
Inspire Record 1700173 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88380

A search is performed for events consistent with the pair production of a new heavy particle that acts as a mediator between a dark sector and normal matter, and that decays to a light quark and a new fermion called a dark quark. The search is based on data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 16.1 fb$^{-1}$ from proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2016. The dark quark is charged only under a new quantum-chromodynamics-like force, and forms an "emerging jet" via a parton shower, containing long-lived dark hadrons that give rise to displaced vertices when decaying to standard model hadrons. The data are consistent with the expectation from standard model processes. Limits are set at 95% confidence level excluding dark pion decay lengths between 5 and 225 mm for dark mediators with masses between 400 and 1250 GeV. Decay lengths smaller than 5 mm and greater than 225 mm are also excluded in the lower part of this mass range. The dependence of the limit on the dark pion mass is weak for masses between 1 and 10 GeV. This analysis is the first dedicated search for the pair production of a new particle that decays to a jet and an emerging jet.

10 data tables

Distributions of $\langle IP_{\mathrm{2D}}\rangle$ for background (black) and for signals with a mediator mass of 1 TeV and a dark pion proper decay length of 25 mm, for various dark pion masses.

Distributions of $\alpha_\mathrm{3D}$ for background (black) and for signals with a mediator mass of 1 TeV and a dark pion mass of 5 GeV for dark pion proper decay lengths ranging from 1 to 300 mm.

The signal acceptance A, defined as the fraction of simulated signal events passing the selection criteria, for models with a dark pion mass $m_{\pi_\mathrm{DK}}$ of 5 GeV as a function of the mediator mass $m_{\mathrm{X_{DK}}}$ and the dark pion proper decay length $c\tau_{\pi_\mathrm{DK}}$. The corresponding selection set number for each model is indicated as text on the plot.

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Observation of Higgs boson decay to bottom quarks

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, A. M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 121 (2018) 121801, 2018.
Inspire Record 1691854 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.86132

The observation of the standard model (SM) Higgs boson decay to a pair of bottom quarks is presented. The main contribution to this result is from processes in which Higgs bosons are produced in association with a W or Z boson (VH), and are searched for in final states including 0, 1, or 2 charged leptons and two identified bottom quark jets. The results from the measurement of these processes in a data sample recorded by the CMS experiment in 2017, comprising 41.3  fb-1 of proton-proton collisions at s=13  TeV, are described. When combined with previous VH measurements using data collected at s=7, 8, and 13 TeV, an excess of events is observed at mH=125  GeV with a significance of 4.8 standard deviations, where the expectation for the SM Higgs boson is 4.9. The corresponding measured signal strength is 1.01±0.22. The combination of this result with searches by the CMS experiment for H→bb¯ in other production processes yields an observed (expected) significance of 5.6 (5.5) standard deviations and a signal strength of 1.04±0.20.

2 data tables

Expected and observed significances, in number of standard deviations, and observed signal strengths for the VH production process with H-->b bbar. Results are shown separately for 2017 data, combined Run 2 (2016 and 2017 data), and for the combination of the Run 1 and Run 2 data. For the 2017 analysis, results are shown separately for the individual mu value for each channel from a combined simultaneous fit to all channels. All results are obtained for mH=125.09 GeV. Data are from Table 2 and 2016 added from Figure 1b.

Best-fit value of the H-->b bbar signal strength with its 1 sigma systematic (red) and total (blue) uncertainties for the five individual production modes considered, as well as the overall combined result. The vertical dashed line indicates the standard model expectation. All results are extracted from a single fit combining all input analyses, with mH = 125.09 GeV. Data from Figure 3.


Search for the Higgs boson decaying to two muons in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 122 (2019) 021801, 2019.
Inspire Record 1682776 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88058

A search for the Higgs boson decaying to two oppositely charged muons is presented using data recorded by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC in 2016 at a center-of-mass energy s=13  TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9  fb-1. Data are found to be compatible with the predicted background. For a Higgs boson with a mass of 125.09 GeV, the 95% confidence level observed (background-only expected) upper limit on the production cross section times the branching fraction to a pair of muons is found to be 3.0 (2.5) times the standard model expectation. In combination with data recorded at center-of-mass energies s=7 and 8 TeV, the background-only expected upper limit improves to 2.2 times the standard model value with a standard model expected significance of 1.0 standard deviation. The corresponding observed upper limit is 2.9 with an observed significance of 0.9 standard deviation. This corresponds to an observed upper limit on the standard model Higgs boson branching fraction to muons of 6.4×10-4 and to an observed signal strength of 1.0±1.0(stat)±0.1(syst).

6 data tables

The 95% CL upper limit on the signal strength modifier in the region around the Higgs boson mass using the 13 TeV data sets together with the expected limit obtained in the background-only hypothesis.

The 95% CL upper limit on the signal strength modifier in the region around the Higgs boson mass for the combination of the 7, 8, and 13 TeV data sets together with the expected limit obtained in the background-only hypothesis and in the signal-plus-background hypothesis for the SM Higgs boson with m_H=125 GeV.

The significance of the incompatibility with the background-only hypothesis using the 13 TeV data sets.

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Search for the decay of a Higgs boson in the $\ell\ell\gamma$ channel in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration
JHEP 1811 (2018) 152, 2018.
Inspire Record 1678088 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.86538

A search for a Higgs boson decaying into a pair of electrons or muons and a photon is described. Higgs boson decays to a Z boson and a photon (H $\to$ Z$\gamma\to\ell\ell\gamma$, $\ell =$ e or $\mu$), or to two photons, one of which has an internal conversion into a muon pair (H $\to\gamma^{*}\gamma\to\mu\mu\gamma$) were considered. The analysis is performed using a data set recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC from proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. No significant excess above the background prediction has been found. Limits are set on the cross section for a standard model Higgs boson decaying to opposite-sign electron or muon pairs and a photon. The observed limits on cross section times the corresponding branching fractions vary between 1.4 and 4.0 (6.1 and 11.4) times the standard model cross section for H $\to\gamma^{*}\gamma\to\mu\mu\gamma$ (H $\to$ Z$\gamma\to\ell\ell\gamma$) in the 120-130 GeV mass range of the $\ell\ell\gamma$ system. The H $\to\gamma^*\gamma\to\mu\mu\gamma$ and H $\to$ Z$\gamma\to\ell\ell\gamma$ analyses are combined for $m_\mathrm{H} =$ 125 GeV, obtaining an observed (expected) 95% confidence level upper limit of 3.9 (2.0) times the standard model cross section.

3 data tables

Exclusion limit, at 95% CL, on the cross section of the $H \rightarrow ll\gamma$ relative to the SM prediction, for an SM Higgs boson of $m_{H} = 125$ GeV. The upper limits of each analysis category, as well as their combinations, are shown.

Exclusion limit, at 95% CL, on the cross section of the $H \rightarrow \gamma^{*}\gamma \rightarrow \mu\mu\gamma$ process relative to the SM prediction, as a function of the Higgs boson mass.

Exclusion limit, at 95% CL, on the cross section of the $H \rightarrow Z\gamma \rightarrow ll\gamma$ process relative to the SM prediction, as a function of the Higgs boson mass.


Observation of the Z$\to\psi\ell^+\ell^-$ decay in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 121 (2018) 141801, 2018.
Inspire Record 1677496 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85743

This Letter presents the observation of the rare Z boson decay Z $\to\psi\ell^+\ell^-$. Here, $\psi$ represents contributions from direct J/$\psi$ and $\psi$(2S) $\to$ J/$\psi X$, $\ell^+\ell^-$ is a pair of electrons or muons, and the J/$\psi$ meson is detected via its decay to $\mu^+\mu^-$. The sample of proton-proton collision data, collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. The signal is observed with a significance in excess of 5 standard deviations. After subtraction of the $\psi$(2S) $\to$ J/$\psi X$ contribution, the ratio of the branching fraction of the exclusive decay Z $\to\psi\ell^+\ell^-$ to the decay Z $\to\mu^+\mu^-\mu^+\mu^-$ within a fiducial phase space is measured to be $\mathcal{B}($Z $\to\psi\ell^+\ell^-) / \mathcal{B}($Z $\to\mu^+\mu^-\mu^+\mu^-) =$ 0.67 $\pm$ 0.18 (stat) $\pm$ 0.05 (syst).

1 data table

branching fraction ratio of Z->J/psi+2 leptons over Z->4muons for the phase space defined above


Search for beyond the standard model Higgs bosons decaying into a $\mathrm{b\overline{b}}$ pair in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1808 (2018) 113, 2018.
Inspire Record 1675818 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.86133

A search for Higgs bosons that decay into a bottom quark-antiquark pair and are accompanied by at least one additional bottom quark is performed with the CMS detector. The data analyzed were recorded in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of $ \sqrt{s}=13 $ TeV at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.7 fb$^{−1}$. The final state considered in this analysis is particularly sensitive to signatures of a Higgs sector beyond the standard model, as predicted in the generic class of two Higgs doublet models (2HDMs). No signal above the standard model background expectation is observed. Stringent upper limits on the cross section times branching fraction are set for Higgs bosons with masses up to 1300 GeV. The results are interpreted within several MSSM and 2HDM scenarios.

3 data tables

Expected and observed 95% CL upper limits on sigma(pp->b+H(MSSM)+X) * B(H(MSSM) -> bb) in pb as a function of m(H(MSSM)), where H(MSSM) denotes a heavy Higgs-like state like the H and A bosons of MSSM and 2HDM, as obtained from the 13 TeV data.

Expected and observed 95% CL upper limits on tan(beta) as a function of m(A) in the mhmodp benchmark scenario for a higgsino mass parameter of mu=+200 GeV. Since theoretical predictions are not reliable for tan(beta)>60, entries for which tan(beta) would exceed this value are indicated by N/A.

Expected and observed 95% CL upper limits on tan(beta) as a function of m(A) in the hMSSM benchmark scenario. Since theoretical predictions are not reliable for tan(beta)>60, entries for which tan(beta) would exceed this value are indicated by N/A.


Observation of the $\chi_\mathrm{b1}$(3P) and $\chi_\mathrm{b2}$(3P) and measurement of their masses

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, A. M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 121 (2018) 092002, 2018.
Inspire Record 1675256 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85742

The $\chi_\mathrm{b1}$(3P) and $\chi_\mathrm{b2}$(3P) states are observed through their $\Upsilon$(3S) $\gamma$ decays, using an event sample of proton-proton collisions collected by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC. The data were collected at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 80.0 fb$^{-1}$. The $\Upsilon$(3S) mesons are identified through their dimuon decay channel, while the low-energy photons are detected after converting to e$^+$e$^-$ pairs in the silicon tracker, leading to a $\chi_\mathrm{b}$(3P) mass resolution of 2.2 MeV. This is the first time that the $J =$ 1 and 2 states are well resolved and their masses individually measured: 10$\,$513.42 $\pm$ 0.41 (stat) $\pm$ 0.18 (syst) MeV and 10$\,$524.02 $\pm$ 0.57 (stat) $\pm$ 0.18 (syst) MeV; they are determined with respect to the world-average value of the $\Upsilon$(3S) mass, which has an uncertainty of 0.5 MeV. The mass splitting is measured to be 10.60 $\pm$ 0.64 (stat) $\pm$ 0.17 (syst) MeV.

2 data tables

Observation of the $\chi_{b1}(3P)$ and $\chi_{b2}(3P)$ and measurement of their masses.

Observation of the $\chi_{b1}(3P)$ and $\chi_{b2}(3P)$ and mass splitting measurement.


Search for an exotic decay of the Higgs boson to a pair of light pseudoscalars in the final state with two b quarks and two $\tau$ leptons in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B785 (2018) 462, 2018.
Inspire Record 1674926 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.86228

A search for an exotic decay of the Higgs boson to a pair of light pseudoscalar bosons is performed for the first time in the final state with two b quarks and two $\tau$ leptons. The search is motivated in the context of models of physics beyond the standard model (SM), such as two Higgs doublet models extended with a complex scalar singlet (2HDM+S), which include the next-to-minimal supersymmetric SM (NMSSM). The results are based on a data set of proton-proton collisions corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$, accumulated by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2016 at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. Masses of the pseudoscalar boson between 15 and 60 GeV are probed, and no excess of events above the SM expectation is observed. Upper limits between 3 and 12% are set on the branching fraction $\mathcal{B}$(h $\to$ aa $\to$ 2$\tau$2b) assuming the SM production of the Higgs boson. Upper limits are also set on the branching fraction of the Higgs boson to two light pseudoscalar bosons in different 2HDM+S scenarios. Assuming the SM production cross section for the Higgs boson, the upper limit on this quantity is as low as 20% for a mass of the pseudoscalar of 40 GeV in the NMSSM.

1 data table

Expected and observed 95% CL upper limits on (sigma(pp->h)/sigma(pp->hSM)) * B(h -> aa -> bbtautau) as a function of m(a), where h(SM) is the Higgs boson of the standard model, h is the observed particle with mass of 125 GeV, and a denotes a light Higgs-like state, as obtained from the 13 TeV data.


Measurement of the production cross section for single top quarks in association with W bosons in proton-proton collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=13 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1810 (2018) 117, 2018.
Inspire Record 1674077 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85698

A measurement is presented of the associated production of a single top quark and a W boson in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV by the CMS Collaboration at the CERN LHC. The data collected corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. The measurement is performed using events with one electron and one muon in the final state along with at least one jet originated from a bottom quark. A multivariate discriminant, exploiting the kinematic properties of the events, is used to separate the signal from the dominant $\mathrm{t\overline{t}}$ background. The measured cross section of 63.1 $\pm$ 1.8 (stat) $\pm$ 6.4 (syst) $\pm$ 2.1 (lumi) pb is in agreement with the standard model expectation.

2 data tables

The measured total cross sections based on the $\rm{e}^\pm \mu^\mp$ decay channel. The first uncertainty is the statistical, the second is the systematic, and the last due to the integrated luminosity.

Summary of the individual contributions to the uncertainty in the $\sigma_{tW}$ measurement.


Search for an exotic decay of the Higgs boson to a pair of light pseudoscalars in the final state of two muons and two $\tau$ leptons in proton-proton collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=13 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1811 (2018) 018, 2018.
Inspire Record 1673011 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85886

A search for exotic Higgs boson decays to light pseudoscalars in the final state of two muons and two $\tau$ leptons is performed using proton-proton collision data recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV in 2016, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. Masses of the pseudoscalar boson between 15.0 and 62.5 GeV are probed, and no significant excess of data is observed above the prediction of the standard model. Upper limits are set on the branching fraction of the Higgs boson to two light pseudoscalar bosons in different types of two-Higgs-doublet models extended with a complex scalar singlet.

1 data table

Expected and observed 95% CL upper limits on (sigma(pp->h)/sigma(pp->hSM)) * B(h -> aa -> mumutautau) as a function of m(a), where h(SM) is the Higgs boson of the standard model, h is the observed particle with mass of 125 GeV, and a denotes a light Higgs-like state, as obtained from the 13 TeV data.


Measurement of the top quark mass with lepton+jets final states using $\mathrm {p}$ $\mathrm {p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13\,\text {TeV} $

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C78 (2018) 891, 2018.
Inspire Record 1671499 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85702

The mass of the top quark is measured using a sample of ${{\text {t}}\overline{{\text {t}}}}$ events collected by the CMS detector using proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13$ $\,\text {TeV}$ at the CERN LHC. Events are selected with one isolated muon or electron and at least four jets from data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 $\,\text {fb}^{-1}$ . For each event the mass is reconstructed from a kinematic fit of the decay products to a ${{\text {t}}\overline{{\text {t}}}}$ hypothesis. Using the ideogram method, the top quark mass is determined simultaneously with an overall jet energy scale factor (JSF), constrained by the mass of the W boson in ${\text {q}} \overline{{\text {q}}} ^\prime $ decays. The measurement is calibrated on samples simulated at next-to-leading order matched to a leading-order parton shower. The top quark mass is found to be $172.25 \pm 0.08\,\text {(stat+JSF)} \pm 0.62\,\text {(syst)} \,\text {GeV} $ . The dependence of this result on the kinematic properties of the event is studied and compared to predictions of different models of ${{\text {t}}\overline{{\text {t}}}}$ production, and no indications of a bias in the measurements are observed.

1 data table

Measured top quark mass $m_{t}$


Observation of $\mathrm{t\overline{t}}$H production

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 120 (2018) 231801, 2018.
Inspire Record 1666824 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83809

The observation of Higgs boson production in association with a top quark-antiquark pair is reported, based on a combined analysis of proton-proton collision data at center-of-mass energies of s=7, 8, and 13 TeV, corresponding to integrated luminosities of up to 5.1, 19.7, and 35.9  fb-1, respectively. The data were collected with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC. The results of statistically independent searches for Higgs bosons produced in conjunction with a top quark-antiquark pair and decaying to pairs of W bosons, Z bosons, photons, τ leptons, or bottom quark jets are combined to maximize sensitivity. An excess of events is observed, with a significance of 5.2 standard deviations, over the expectation from the background-only hypothesis. The corresponding expected significance from the standard model for a Higgs boson mass of 125.09 GeV is 4.2 standard deviations. The combined best fit signal strength normalized to the standard model prediction is 1.26-0.26+0.31.

4 data tables

Best fit value of the ttH signal strength modifier $\mu_{\mathrm{ttH}}$, with its 1 and 2 standard deviation confidence intervals ($\sigma$), for the five individual decay channels considered, the combined result for 7+8 TeV alone and for 13 TeV alone, and the overall combined result. The Higgs boson mass is taken to be 125.09 GeV. For the $\mathrm{H}\rightarrow\mathrm{ZZ}$ decay mode, $\mu_{\mathrm{ttH}}$ is constrained to be positive to prevent the corresponding event yield from becoming negative. The SM expectation is shown as a dashed vertical line.

Best fit value, with its uncertainty, of the ttH signal strength modifier $\mu_{\mathrm{ttH}}$, for the five individual decay channels considered, the combined result for 7+8 TeV alone and for 13 TeV alone, and the overall combined result. The total uncertainties are decomposed into their statistical (Stat), experimental systematic (Expt), background theory systematic (Thbgd), and signal theory systematic (Thsig) components.

Distribution of events as a function of the decimal logarithm of S/B, where S and B are the expected post-fit signal (with $\mu_{\mathrm{ttH}}$ = 1) and background yields, respectively, in each bin of the distributions considered in this combination. The shaded histogram shows the expected background distribution. The two hatched histograms, each stacked on top of the background histogram, show the signal expectation for the SM ($\mu_{\mathrm{ttH}}$ = 1) and the observed ($\mu_{\mathrm{ttH}}$ = 1.26) signal strengths.

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Search for $\mathrm{t}\overline{\mathrm{t}}$H production in the all-jet final state in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2018.
Inspire Record 1663385 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83685

A search is presented for the associated production of a Higgs boson with a top quark pair in the all-jet final state. Events containing seven or more jets are selected from a sample of proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV collected with the CMS detector at the LHC in 2016, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. To separate the $\mathrm{t}\overline{\mathrm{t}}$H signal from the irreducible $\mathrm{t}\overline{\mathrm{t}}+\mathrm{b}\overline{\mathrm{b}}$ background, the analysis assigns leading order matrix element signal and background probability densities to each event. A likelihood-ratio statistic based on these probability densities is used to extract the signal. The results are provided in terms of an observed $\mathrm{t}\overline{\mathrm{t}}$H signal strength relative to the standard model production cross section $\mu=\sigma/\sigma_\mathrm{SM}$, assuming a Higgs boson mass of 125 GeV. The best fit value is $\hat{\mu} =$ 0.9 $\pm$ 0.7 (stat) $\pm$ 1.3 (syst) = 0.9 $\pm$ 1.5 (tot), and the observed and expected upper limits are, respectively, $\mu

2 data tables

Best fit values in the signal strength modifiers (mu), and their 68% CL intervals as split into the statistical and systematic components for each category and combinations of categories.

Values of log10(S/B), where S and B indicate the respective bin-by-bin yields of the signal and background expected in the MEM discriminant distributions, obtained from a combined fit with the constraint in the cross section of mu = 1.


Search for additional neutral MSSM Higgs bosons in the $\tau\tau$ final state in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2018.
Inspire Record 1663234 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83155

A search is presented for additional neutral Higgs bosons in the $\tau\tau$ final state in proton-proton collisions at the LHC. The search is performed in the context of the minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model (MSSM), using the data collected with the CMS detector in 2016 at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. To enhance the sensitivity to neutral MSSM Higgs bosons, the search includes production of the Higgs boson in association with b quarks. No significant deviation above the expected background is observed. Model-independent limits at 95% confidence level (CL) are set on the product of the branching fraction for the decay into $\tau$ leptons and the cross section for the production via gluon fusion or in association with b quarks. These limits range from 18 pb at 90 GeV to 3.5 fb at 3.2 TeV for gluon fusion and from 15 pb (at 90 GeV) to 2.5 fb (at 3.2 TeV) for production in association with b quarks. In the m$_{\text{h}}^{\text{mod+}}$ scenario these limits translate into a 95% CL exclusion of $\tan\beta>$ 6 for neutral Higgs boson masses below 250 GeV, where $\tan\beta$ is the ratio of the vacuum expectation values of the neutral components of the two Higgs doublets. The 95% CL exclusion contour reaches 1.6 TeV for $\tan\beta=$ 60.

6 data tables

Expected and observed 95% CL upper limits for the production of a single narrow resonance, $\phi$, with a mass between 90 GeV and 3.2 TeV via gluon-gluon fusion. This limit database corresponds to the values shown in Figure 7a of the paper.

Expected and observed 95% CL upper limits for the production of a single narrow resonance, $\phi$, with a mass between 90 GeV and 3.2 TeV in association with b-quarks. This limit database corresponds to the values shown in Figure 7b of the paper.

Scan of the likelihood function for the search in the $\tau\tau$ final state for a single narrow resonance, $\phi$, produced via gluon fusion ($gg\phi$) or in association with b quarks ($bb\phi$). The scan is performed in 40000 points of the ($\sigma(gg\phi)\cdot B(\phi\rightarrow\tau\tau)$, $\sigma(bb\phi)\cdot B(\phi\rightarrow\tau\tau)$) plane. An asimov dataset constructed from the expectation of all backgrounds and the SM Higgs boson is tested against a background hypothesis including the SM Higgs boson. For further details and instructions, please have a look into the following README file http://cms-results.web.cern.ch/cms-results/public-results/publications/HIG-17-020/2D-likelihood-scans/README.txt. Selected examples of such a likelihood scan are given in Figure 8 of the paper.

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Evidence for associated production of a Higgs boson with a top quark pair in final states with electrons, muons, and hadronically decaying $\tau$ leptons at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1808 (2018) 066, 2018.
Inspire Record 1662661 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.84635

Results of a search for the standard model Higgs boson produced in association with a top quark pair ($\mathrm{t\overline{t}}$H) in final states with electrons, muons, and hadronically decaying $\tau$ leptons are presented. The analyzed data set corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$ recorded in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV by the CMS experiment in 2016. The sensitivity of the search is improved by using matrix element and machine learning methods to separate the signal from backgrounds. The measured signal rate amounts to 1.23 $^{+0.45}_{-0.43}$ times the production rate expected in the standard model, with an observed (expected) significance of 3.2$\sigma$ (2.8$\sigma$), which represents evidence for $\mathrm{t\overline{t}}$H production in those final states. An upper limit on the signal rate of 2.1 times the standard model production rate is set at 95% confidence level.

1 data table

Signal rates $\mu$, in units of the SM $\mathrm{t\overline(t}H}$ production rate, measured in each of the categories individually and for the combination of all six categories. The blue (green) band corresponds to the statistical (total) uncertainty on the combined signal rate.


Electroweak production of two jets in association with a Z boson in proton–proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}= $ 13 $\,\text {TeV}$

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C78 (2018) 589, 2018.
Inspire Record 1645246 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85867

A measurement of the electroweak (EW) production of two jets in association with a Z boson in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} = $ 13 TeV is presented, based on data recorded in 2016 by the CMS experiment at the LHC corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. The measurement is performed in the $\ell\ell\mathrm{jj}$ final state with $\ell$ including electrons and muons, and the jets j corresponding to the quarks produced in the hard interaction. The measured cross section in a kinematic region defined by invariant masses $m_{\ell\ell} > $ 50 GeV, $m_{\mathrm{jj}} > $ 120 GeV, and transverse momenta $p_{\mathrm{T j}} > $ 25 GeV is $\sigma_\mathrm{EW}(\ell\ell\mathrm{jj})= $ 552 $\pm$ 19 (stat) $\pm$ 55 (syst) fb, in agreement with leading-order standard model predictions. The final state is also used to perform a search for anomalous trilinear gauge couplings. No evidence is found and limits on anomalous trilinear gauge couplings associated with dimension-six operators are given in the framework of an effective field theory. The corresponding 95% confidence level intervals are $-2.6 < c_{WWW}/\Lambda^2 < 2.6 $ TeV$^{-2}$ and $-8.4 < c_{W}/\Lambda^2 < 10.1 $ TeV$^{-2}$. The additional jet activity of events in a signal-enriched region is also studied, and the measurements are in agreement with predictions.

14 data tables

The best fit signal strength for dielectron, dimuon and combined dilepton channels. The measurement is performed in a kinematic region defined by invariant masses $m_{ll}~>~50$ GeV, $m_{jj}~>~120$ GeV, and transverse momenta $p_{Tj}~>~25$ GeV, where $l$ denotes electrons and muons, and $j$ - quarks produced in the hard interaction.

One-dimensional limits on the ATGC EFT parameters at 95% CL

One-dimensional limits on the ATGC effective Lagrangian (LEP parametrization) parameters at 95% CL

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Search for $R$-parity violating supersymmetry in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} = $ 13 TeV using b jets in a final state with a single lepton, many jets, and high sum of large-radius jet masses

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B783 (2018) 114-139, 2018.
Inspire Record 1644901 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.81002

Results are reported from a search for physics beyond the standard model in proton–proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of s=13TeV . The search uses a signature of a single lepton, large jet and bottom quark jet multiplicities, and high sum of large-radius jet masses, without any requirement on the missing transverse momentum in an event. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb −1 recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC. No significant excess beyond the prediction from standard model processes is observed. The results are interpreted in terms of upper limits on the production cross section for R -parity violating supersymmetric extensions of the standard model using a benchmark model of gluino pair production, in which each gluino decays promptly via g˜→tbs . Gluinos with a mass below 1610 GeV are excluded at 95% confidence level.

5 data tables

Table 1. Post-fit yields for the background-only fit, observed data, and expected yields for mgluino = 1600 GeV in each search bin.

Figure 8. Observed cross section upper limits at 95% CL for a model of gluino pair production with gluino->tbs compared to the gluino pair production cross section.

Figure 8. Expected limits at 95% CL and their ±1 sigma variations for a model of gluino pair production with gluino->tbs compared to the gluino pair production cross section.

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Search for lepton flavour violating decays of the Higgs boson to $\mu\tau$ and e$\tau$ in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1806 (2018) 001, 2018.
Inspire Record 1644363 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83881

A search for lepton flavour violating decays of the Higgs boson in the μτ and eτ decay modes is presented. The search is based on a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{−1}$ of proton-proton collisions collected with the CMS detector in 2016, at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. No significant excess over the standard model expectation is observed. The observed (expected) upper limits on the lepton flavour violating branching fractions of the Higgs boson are ℬ(H → μτ) < 0.25% (0.25%) and ℬ(H → eτ) < 0.61% (0.37%), at 95% confidence level. These results are used to derive upper limits on the off-diagonal μτ and eτ Yukawa couplings $ \sqrt{{\left|{Y}_{\mu \tau}\right|}^2+{\left|{Y}_{\tau \mu}\right|}^2}<1.43\times {10}^{-3} $ and $ \sqrt{{\left|{Y}_{\mathrm{e}\tau}\right|}^2+{\left|{Y}_{\tau \mathrm{e}}\right|}^2}<2.26\times {10}^{-3} $ at 95% confidence level. The limits on the lepton flavour violating branching fractions of the Higgs boson and on the associated Yukawa couplings are the most stringent to date.

6 data tables

Expected and observed 95 percent CL upper limits on BR(H to mu tau) for each individual category and combined from BDT fit analysis

Expected and observed 95 percent CL upper limits on BR(H to mu tau) for each individual category and combined from collinear mass fit analysis

Expected and observed 95 percent CL upper limits on BR(H to e tau) for each individual category and combined from BDT fit analysis

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Search for top squarks and dark matter particles in opposite-charge dilepton final states at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D97 (2018) 032009, 2018.
Inspire Record 1634253 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.79809

A search for new physics is presented in final states with two oppositely charged leptons (electrons or muons), jets identified as originating from b quarks, and missing transverse momentum (pTmiss). The search uses proton-proton collision data at s=13  TeV amounting to 35.9  fb-1 of integrated luminosity collected using the CMS detector in 2016. Hypothetical signal events are efficiently separated from the dominant tt¯ background with requirements on pTmiss and transverse-mass variables. No significant deviation is observed from the expected background. Exclusion limits are set in the context of simplified supersymmetric models with pair-produced top squarks. For top squarks, decaying exclusively to a top quark and a neutralino, exclusion limits are placed at 95% confidence level on the mass of the lightest top squark up to 800 GeV and on the lightest neutralino up to 360 GeV. These results, combined with searches in the single-lepton and all-jet final states, raise the exclusion limits up to 1050 GeV for the lightest top squark and up to 500 GeV for the lightest neutralino. For top squarks undergoing a cascade decay through charginos and sleptons, the mass limits reach up to 1300 GeV for top squarks and up to 800 GeV for the lightest neutralino. The results are also interpreted in a simplified model with a dark matter (DM) particle coupled to the top quark through a scalar or pseudoscalar mediator. For light DM, mediator masses up to 100 (50) GeV are excluded for scalar (pseudoscalar) mediators. The result for the scalar mediator achieves some of the most stringent limits to date in this model.

49 data tables

Additional Figure 3. Observed limits for the T2tt model in the top squark - LSP mass plane using aggregate signal regions. The numbers indicate the 95% CL upper limit on the cross section times the square of the branching fraction at each point of the plane.

Additional Figure 3. Observed exclusion region at 95% CL assuming 100% branching fraction.

Additional Figure 3. Expected exclusion region at 95% CL assuming 100% branching fraction.

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Search for supersymmetry in proton-proton collisions at 13 TeV using identified top quarks

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D97 (2018) 012007, 2018.
Inspire Record 1633588 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.79808

A search for supersymmetry is presented based on proton-proton collision events containing identified hadronically decaying top quarks, no leptons, and an imbalance pTmiss in transverse momentum. The data were collected with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 35.9  fb−1. Search regions are defined in terms of the multiplicity of bottom quark jet and top quark candidates, the pTmiss, the scalar sum of jet transverse momenta, and the mT2 mass variable. No statistically significant excess of events is observed relative to the expectation from the standard model. Lower limits on the masses of supersymmetric particles are determined at 95% confidence level in the context of simplified models with top quark production. For a model with direct top squark pair production followed by the decay of each top squark to a top quark and a neutralino, top squark masses up to 1020 GeV and neutralino masses up to 430 GeV are excluded. For a model with pair production of gluinos followed by the decay of each gluino to a top quark-antiquark pair and a neutralino, gluino masses up to 2040 GeV and neutralino masses up to 1150 GeV are excluded. These limits extend previous results.

20 data tables

The observed number of events and the total background prediction for search regions with Nt = 1 and Nb = 1.

The observed number of events and the total background prediction for search regions with Nt = 1 and Nb ≥ 2.

The observed number of events and the total background prediction for search regions with Nt ≥ 2.

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Observation of correlated azimuthal anisotropy Fourier harmonics in pp and pPb collisions at the LHC

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2017.
Inspire Record 1626103 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.79667

The azimuthal anisotropy Fourier coefficients ($v_n$) in 8.16 TeV pPb data are extracted via long-range two-particle correlations as a function of event multiplicity and compared to corresponding results in pp and PbPb collisions. Using a four-particle cumulant technique, $v_n$ correlations are measured for the first time in pp and pPb collisions. The $v_2$ and $v_4$ coefficients are found to be positively correlated in all collision systems. For high multiplicity pPb collisions an anticorrelation of $v_2$ and $v_3$ is observed, with a similar correlation strength as in PbPb data at the same multiplicity. The new correlation results strengthen the case for a common origin of the collectivity seen in pPb and PbPb collisions in the measured multiplicity range.

9 data tables

The $v_{n}$ result from 2-particle correlation as a function of multiplicity ($N_{trk}^{offline}$) in PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV. Results after low-multiplicity subtraction are denoted as $v_{n}^{sub}$.

The $v_{n}$ result from 2-particle correlation as a function of multiplicity ($N_{trk}^{offline}$) in pPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 8.16 TeV. Results after low-multiplicity subtraction are denoted as $v_{n}^{sub}$.

The $v_{4}$ result from 2-particle correlation as a function of multiplicity ($N_{trk}^{offline}$) in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13.00 TeV. Results after low-multiplicity subtraction are denoted as $v_{4}^{sub}$.

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Measurements of the $\mathrm {p}\mathrm {p}\rightarrow \mathrm{Z}\mathrm{Z}$ production cross section and the $\mathrm{Z}\rightarrow 4\ell $ branching fraction, and constraints on anomalous triple gauge couplings at $\sqrt{s} = 13\,\text {TeV} $

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C78 (2018) 165, 2018.
Inspire Record 1625296 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.80152

Four-lepton production in proton-proton collisions, $\mathrm {p}\mathrm {p}\rightarrow (\mathrm{Z}/ \gamma ^*)(\mathrm{Z}/\gamma ^*) \rightarrow 4\ell $ , where $\ell = \mathrm {e}$ or $\mu $ , is studied at a center-of-mass energy of 13 $\,\text {TeV}$ with the CMS detector at the LHC. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 $\,\text {fb}^{-1}$ . The ZZ production cross section, $\sigma (\mathrm {p}\mathrm {p}\rightarrow \mathrm{Z}\mathrm{Z}) = 17.2 \pm 0.5\,\text {(stat)} \pm 0.7\,\text {(syst)} \pm 0.4\,\text {(theo)} \pm 0.4\,\text {(lumi)} \text { pb} $ , measured using events with two opposite-sign, same-flavor lepton pairs produced in the mass region $60< m_{\ell ^+\ell ^-} < 120\,\text {GeV} $ , is consistent with standard model predictions. Differential cross sections are measured and are well described by the theoretical predictions. The Z boson branching fraction to four leptons is measured to be $\mathcal {B}(\mathrm{Z}\rightarrow 4\ell ) = 4.8 \pm 0.2\,\text {(stat)} \pm 0.2\,\text {(syst)} \pm 0.1\,\text {(theo)} \pm 0.1\,\text {(lumi)} \times 10^{-6}$ for events with a four-lepton invariant mass in the range $80< m_{4\ell } < 100\,\text {GeV} $ and a dilepton mass $m_{\ell \ell } > 4\,\text {GeV} $ for all opposite-sign, same-flavor lepton pairs. The results agree with standard model predictions. The invariant mass distribution of the four-lepton system is used to set limits on anomalous ZZZ and ZZ $\gamma $ couplings at 95% confidence level: $-0.0012<f_4^\mathrm{Z}<0.0010$ , $-0.0010<f_5^\mathrm{Z}<0.0013$ , $-0.0012<f_4^{\gamma }<0.0013$ , $-0.0012<f_5^{\gamma }< 0.0013$ .

14 data tables

The measured total ZZ cross section using 2016 data. The first systematic uncertainty is the combined systematic uncertainty excluding luminosity and theortical sources, the second is theoretical uncertianty on the extrapolation from the selected region to the total phase space, the third is the luminosity uncertianty

The measured total ZZ cross section using 2015 and 2016. The first systematic uncertainty is the combined systematic uncertainty excluding luminosity and theortical sources, the second is theoretical uncertianty on the extrapolation from the selected region to the total phase space, the third is the luminosity uncertianty

The measured fiducial ZZ cross sections. The first systematic uncertainty is the combined systematic uncertainty excluding luminosity, the second is the luminosity uncertianty

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Search for resonant and nonresonant Higgs boson pair production in the $ \mathrm{b}\overline{\mathrm{b}}\mathit{\ell \nu \ell \nu } $ final state in proton-proton collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=13 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1801 (2018) 054, 2018.
Inspire Record 1615868 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83195

Searches for resonant and nonresonant pair-produced Higgs bosons (HH) decaying respectively into ℓνℓν, through either W or Z bosons, and $ \mathrm{b}\overline{\mathrm{b}} $ are presented. The analyses are based on a sample of proton-proton collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=13 $ TeV, collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{−1}$. Data and predictions from the standard model are in agreement within uncertainties. For the standard model HH hypothesis, the data exclude at 95% confidence level a product of the production cross section and branching fraction larger than 72 fb, corresponding to 79 times the standard model prediction. Constraints are placed on different scenarios considering anomalous couplings, which could affect the rate and kinematics of HH production. Upper limits at 95% confidence level are set on the production cross section of narrow-width spin-0 and spin-2 particles decaying to Higgs boson pairs, the latter produced with minimal gravity-like coupling.

22 data tables

The dijet pT distributions in data and simulated events after requiring two leptons, two b-tagged jets, and 12 < m_ll < mZ − 15 GeV, for e+e- events. The various signal hypotheses displayed have been scaled to a cross section of 5 pb for display purposes.

The dijet pT distributions in data and simulated events after requiring two leptons, two b-tagged jets, and 12 < m_ll < mZ − 15 GeV, for e+mu- and e-mu+ events. The various signal hypotheses displayed have been scaled to a cross section of 5 pb for display purposes.

The dijet pT distributions in data and simulated events after requiring two leptons, two b-tagged jets, and 12 < m_ll < mZ − 15 GeV, for mu+mu- events. The various signal hypotheses displayed have been scaled to a cross section of 5 pb for display purposes.

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Version 2
Measurement of vector boson scattering and constraints on anomalous quartic couplings from events with four leptons and two jets in proton–proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B774 (2017) 682-705, 2017.
Inspire Record 1615207 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.81936

A measurement of vector boson scattering and constraints on anomalous quartic gauge couplings from events with two Z bosons and two jets are presented. The analysis is based on a data sample of proton–proton collisions at s=13 TeV collected with the CMS detector and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9  fb−1 . The search is performed in the fully leptonic final state ZZ→ℓℓℓ′ℓ′ , where ℓ,ℓ′=e or μ . The electroweak production of two Z bosons in association with two jets is measured with an observed (expected) significance of 2.7 (1.6) standard deviations. A fiducial cross section for the electroweak production is measured to be σEW(pp→ZZjj→ℓℓℓ′ℓ′jj)=0.40−0.16+0.21(stat)−0.09+0.13(syst) fb , which is consistent with the standard model prediction. Limits on anomalous quartic gauge couplings are determined in terms of the effective field theory operators T0, T1, T2, T8, and T9. This is the first measurement of vector boson scattering in the ZZ channel at the LHC.

9 data tables

Measured and expected fiducial cross-sections.

Observed and expected exclusion limits for the aQGC parameters at 95% CL, without any form factors.

Data from Fig.4. Observed yields of four lepton invariant mass distribution. The last bin includes overflow.

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