Search for long-lived particles decaying to leptons with large impact parameter in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Andrejkovic, Janik Walter ; et al.
CMS-EXO-18-003, 2021.
Inspire Record 1940976 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.113658

A search for new long-lived particles decaying to leptons using proton-proton collision data produced by the CERN LHC at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV is presented. Events are selected with two leptons (an electron and a muon, two electrons, or two muons) that both have transverse impact parameter values between 0.01 and 10 cm and are not required to form a common vertex. Data used for the analysis were collected with the CMS detector in 2016, 2017, and 2018, and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 118 (113) fb$^{-1}$ in the ee channel (e$\mu$ and $\mu\mu$ channels). The search is designed to be sensitive to a wide range of models with displaced e$\mu$, ee, and $\mu\mu$ final states. The results constrain several well-motivated models involving new long-lived particles that decay to displaced leptons. For some areas of the available phase space, these are the most stringent constraints to date.

30 data tables

The distribution of electron $|d_0|$ for the events in data and signal that pass the e$\mu$ preselection. In all of the histograms, the last bin includes the overflow. The electron $|d_0|$ distributions have a longer tail than those of muons because the muon $|d_0|$ values are measured more precisely.

The distribution of muon $|d_0|$ for the events in data and signal that pass the e$\mu$ preselection. In all of the histograms, the last bin includes the overflow. The electron $|d_0|$ distributions have a longer tail than those of muons because the muon $|d_0|$ values are measured more precisely.

Two-dimensional distribution of $|d_{0}^{a}|$ vs $|d_{0}^{b}|$, for simulated background events passing the e$\mu$ preselection with 2018 conditions. In each $|d_{0}^{a}|$-$|d_{0}^{b}|$ bin, the number of events divided by the bin area is plotted. The inclusive signal region covers the region between 100 $\mu$m and 10 cm in each $|d_{0}|$ variable shown.

More…

Analysis of the CP structure of the Yukawa coupling between the Higgs boson and $\tau$ leptons in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Andrejkovic, Janik Walter ; et al.
CMS-HIG-20-006, 2021.
Inspire Record 1940967 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.104978

The first measurement of the CP structure of the Yukawa coupling between the Higgs boson and $\tau$ leptons is presented. The measurement is based on data collected in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ =13 TeV by the CMS detector at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb$^{-1}$. The analysis uses the angular correlation between the decay planes of $\tau$ leptons produced in Higgs boson decays. The effective mixing angle between CP-even and CP-odd $\tau$ Yukawa couplings is found to be $-$1$\pm$19$^\circ$, compared to an expected value of 0$\pm$21$^\circ$ at the 68.3% confidence level. The data disfavour the pure CP-odd scenario at 3.0 standard deviations. The results are compatible with predictions for the standard model Higgs boson.

7 data tables

Observed likelihood scan of $\alpha^{\mathrm{H}\tau\tau}$.

Expected likelihood scan of $\alpha^{\mathrm{H}\tau\tau}$.

Observed likelihood scan in the ($\alpha^{\mathrm{H}\tau\tau}$, $\mu$) plane.

More…

Version 2
Measurement of the top quark mass using events with a single reconstructed top quark in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Andrejkovic, Janik Walter ; et al.
CMS-TOP-19-009, 2021.
Inspire Record 1911567 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.102987

A measurement of the top quark mass is performed using a data sample enriched with single top quark events produced in the $t$ channel. The study is based on proton-proton collision data, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$, recorded at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2016.Candidate events are selected by requiring an isolated high-momentum lepton (muon or electron) and exactly two jets, of which one is identified as originating from a bottom quark. Multivariate discriminants are designed to separate the signal from the background. Optimized thresholds are placed on the discriminant outputs to obtain an event sample with high signal purity. The top quark mass is found to be 172.13$^{+0.76}_{-0.77}$ GeV, where the uncertainty includes both the statistical and systematic components, reaching sub-GeV precision for the first time in this event topology. The masses of the top quark and antiquark are also determined separately using the lepton charge in the final state, from which the mass ratio and difference are determined to be 0.9952$^{+0.0079}_{-0.0104}$ and 0.83$^{+1.79}_{-1.35}$ GeV, respectively. The results are consistent with $CPT$ invariance.

19 data tables

Top quark mass measured inclusive of lepton flavor and charge. The uncertainties are given in two parts, the first part is the combination of statistical (stat) and profiled (prof) uncertainties and the second part is for the experimental (ext) uncetrinaties.

Top quark mass measured inclusive of lepton flavor and for positively charged lepton.

Top quark mass measured inclusive of lepton flavor and for negatively charged lepton.

More…

Search for new particles in events with energetic jets and large missing transverse momentum in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} = $ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Andrejkovic, Janik Walter ; et al.
CMS-EXO-20-004, 2021.
Inspire Record 1894408 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.106115

A search is presented for new particles produced at the LHC in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV, using events with energetic jets and large missing transverse momentum. The analysis is based on a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 101 fb$^{-1}$, collected in 2017-2018 with the CMS detector. Machine learning techniques are used to define separate categories for events with narrow jets from initial-state radiation and events with large-radius jets consistent with a hadronic decay of a W or Z boson. A statistical combination is made with an earlier search based on a data sample of 36 fb$^{-1}$, collected in 2016. No significant excess of events is observed with respect to the standard model background expectation determined from control samples in data. The results are interpreted in terms of limits on the branching fraction of an invisible decay of the Higgs boson, as well as constraints on simplified models of dark matter, on first-generation scalar leptoquarks decaying to quarks and neutrinos, and on models with large extra dimensions. Several of the new limits, specifically for spin-1 dark matter mediators, pseudoscalar mediators, colored mediators, and leptoquarks, are the most restrictive to date.

55 data tables

Differential signal yields for various signal hypotheses.

Differential signal yields for various signal hypotheses.

Differential signal yields for various signal hypotheses.

More…

Measurement of the inclusive and differential Higgs boson production cross sections in the decay mode to a pair of $\tau$ leptons in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} = $ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Andrejkovic, Janik Walter ; et al.
CMS-HIG-20-015, 2021.
Inspire Record 1894790 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.105961

Measurements of the inclusive and differential fiducial cross sections of the Higgs boson are presented, using the $\tau$ lepton decay channel. The differential cross sections are measured as functions of the Higgs boson transverse momentum, jet multiplicity, and transverse momentum of the leading jet in the event if any. The analysis is performed using proton-proton data collected with the CMS detector at the LHC at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 138 fb$^{-1}$. These are the first differential measurements of the Higgs boson cross section in the final state of two $\tau$ leptons, and they constitute a significant improvement over measurements in other final states in events with a large jet multiplicity or with a Lorentz-boosted Higgs boson.

7 data tables

The fiducial differential signal strength and cross section in each Higgs pT bin. Both the unregularized and regularized signal strengths are given; they do not include uncertainties in the SM signal normalization. The fiducial cross section and its full uncertainty in each bin are also given. The last bin is inclusive.

The fiducial differential signal strength and cross section in each jet multiplicity bin. Both the unregularized and regularized signal strengths are given; they do not include uncertainties in the SM signal normalization. The fiducial cross section and its full uncertainty in each bin are also given. The last bin is inclusive.

The fiducial differential signal strength and cross section in each leading jet pT bin. Both the unregularized and regularized signal strengths are given; they do not include uncertainties in the SM signal normalization. The fiducial cross section and its full uncertainty in each bin are also given. The last bin is inclusive.

More…

Version 2
Search for long-lived particles decaying in the CMS endcap muon detectors in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} = $ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Andrejkovic, Janik Walter ; et al.
CMS-EXO-20-015, 2021.
Inspire Record 1883075 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.104408

A search for long-lived particles (LLPs) produced in decays of standard model (SM) Higgs bosons is presented. The data sample consists of 137 fb$^{-1}$ of proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV, recorded at the LHC in 2016-2018. A novel technique is employed to reconstruct decays of LLPs in the endcap muon detectors. The search is sensitive to a broad range of LLP decay modes and to masses as low as a few GeV. No excess of events above the SM background is observed. The most stringent limits to date on the branching fraction of the Higgs boson to LLPs subsequently decaying to quarks and $\tau^+\tau^-$ are found for proper decay lengths greater than 6, 20, and 40 m, for LLP masses of 7, 15, and 40 GeV, respectively.

15 data tables

The 95% CL observed and expected limits on the branching fraction B(H $\rightarrow$ SS) for 7 GeV mass and $ S \rightarrow d\bar{d}$ decay mode.

The 95% CL observed and expected limits on the branching fraction B(H $\rightarrow$ SS) for 15 GeV mass and $ S \rightarrow d\bar{d}$ decay mode.

The 95% CL observed and expected limits on the branching fraction B(H $\rightarrow$ SS) for 40 GeV mass and $ S \rightarrow d\bar{d}$ decay mode.

More…

Measurements of Z bosons plus jets using variables sensitive to double parton scattering in pp collisions at 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Andrejkovic, Janik Walter ; et al.
CMS-SMP-20-009, 2021.
Inspire Record 1866118 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.110665

Double parton scattering is investigated using events with a Z boson and jets. The measurements are performed with proton-proton collision data recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$ collected in the year 2016. Differential cross sections of Z + $\geq$1 jet and Z + $\geq$2 jets are measured with transverse momentum of the jets above 20 GeV and pseudorapidity $|\eta|\lt$ 2.4. Several distributions with sensitivity to double parton scattering effects are measured as functions of the angle and the transverse momentum imbalance between the Z boson and the jets. The measured distributions are compared with predictions from several event generators with different hadronization models and different parameter settings for multiparton interactions. The measured distributions show a dependence on the hadronization and multiparton interaction simulation parameters, and are important input for future improvements of the simulations.

25 data tables

Differential cross sections as function of Delta Phi between Z boson and the leading jet for Z+ ≥ 1 jet events.

Differential cross sections as function of transverse momentum imbalance between Z boson and the leading jet for Z+ ≥ 1 jet events.

Differential cross sections as function of Delta Phi between Z boson and dijet for Z+ ≥ 2 jets events.

More…

Measurements of the pp $\to$ W$^\pm\gamma\gamma$ and pp $\to$ Z$\gamma\gamma$ cross sections at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV and limits on anomalous quartic gauge couplings

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Andrejkovic, Janik Walter ; et al.
CMS-SMP-19-013, 2021.
Inspire Record 1865855 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.113759

The cross section for W or Z boson production in association with two photons is measured in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. The data set corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb$^{-1}$ collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The W$\to\ell\nu$ and Z$\to\ell\ell$ decay modes (where $\ell=$ e,$\mu$) are used to extract the W$\gamma\gamma$ and Z$\gamma\gamma$ cross sections in a phase space defined by electron (muon) with transverse momentum larger than 35 (30) GeV and photon transverse momentum larger than 20 GeV. The measured cross sections in this phase space are $\sigma$(W$\gamma\gamma$)=13.6$^{+1.9}_{-1.9}$ (stat) ${}^{+4.0}_{-4.0}$ (syst) $\pm$ 0.08 (PDF+scale) fb and $\sigma$(Z$\gamma\gamma$)=5.41$^{+0.58}_{-0.55}$ (stat) ${}^{+0.64}_{-0.70}$ (syst) $\pm$ 0.06 (PDF+scale) fb. Limits on anomalous quartic gauge couplings are set in the framework of an effective field theory with dimension-8 operators.

8 data tables

Distribution of the transverse momentum of the diphoton system for the $\mathrm{W}\gamma\gamma$ electron channel. The predicted yields are shown with their pre-fit normalisations. The observed data, the expected signal contribution and the background estimates are presented with error bars showing the corresponding statistical uncertainties.

Distribution of the transverse momentum of the diphoton system for the $\mathrm{W}\gamma\gamma$ muon channel. The predicted yields are shown with their pre-fit normalisations. The observed data, the expected signal contribution and the background estimates are presented with error bars showing the corresponding statistical uncertainties.

Distribution of the transverse momentum of the diphoton system for the $\mathrm{Z}\gamma\gamma$ electron channel. The predicted yields are shown with their pre-fit normalisations. The observed data, the expected signal contribution and the background estimates are presented with error bars showing the corresponding statistical uncertainties.

More…

Search for strongly interacting massive particles generating trackless jets in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} = $ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Bergauer, Thomas ; et al.
CMS-EXO-17-010, 2021.
Inspire Record 1864485 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.101628

A search for dark matter in the form of strongly interacting massive particles (SIMPs) using the CMS detector at the LHC is presented. The SIMPs would be produced in pairs that manifest themselves as pairs of jets without tracks. The energy fraction of jets carried by charged particles is used as a key discriminator to suppress efficiently the large multijet background, and the remaining background is estimated directly from data. The search is performed using proton-proton collision data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 16.1 fb$^{-1}$, collected with the CMS detector in 2016. No significant excess of events is observed above the expected background. For the simplified dark matter model under consideration, SIMPs with masses up to 100 GeV are excluded and further sensitivity is explored towards higher masses. These are the first results from a search for the production of strongly interacting dark matter candidates at a collider.

5 data tables

Distribution of the number of jets with pT > 30 GeV and |eta| < 5. The simulated QCD multijet background is compared with the signal expected for three different SIMP masses, with their cross sections scaled as indicated in the legend. The baseline selection is applied, except the events with three or more jets with pT > 30 GeV and |eta| < 5 are included.

Distribution of the value of ChF of the two leading jets. The simulated QCD multijet background is compared with the signal expected for three different SIMP masses, with their cross sections scaled as indicated in the legend. The baseline selection is applied.

The number of background events obtained from the 1- and 2-leg predictions using reconstructed objects in simulation, compared to the direct prediction from MC simulation, shown for various upper ChF thresholds. The bottom panel shows the ratios of the MC prediction to the 1-leg and the 2-leg background predictions.

More…

Search for lepton-flavor violating decays of the Higgs boson in the $\mu\tau$ and e$\tau$ final states in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 104 (2021) 032013, 2021.
Inspire Record 1862497 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.104861

A search is presented for lepton-flavor violating decays of the Higgs boson to $\mu\tau$ and e$\tau$. The data set corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb$^{-1}$ collected at the LHC in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. No significant excess has been found, and the results are interpreted in terms of upper limits on lepton-flavor violating branching fractions of the Higgs boson. The observed (expected) upper limits on the branching fractions are, respectively, $\mathcal{B}($H $\to\mu\tau)$$\lt$ 0.15 (0.15)% and $\mathcal{B}($H$\to$e$\tau)$ $\lt$ 0.22 (0.16)% at 95% confidence level.

4 data tables

Observed (expected) 95% CL upper limits on $B(H\to\mu\tau)$ for each individual category and combined

Observed (expected) 95% CL upper limits on $B(H\to e\tau)$ for each individual category and combined

Summary of observed and expected upper limits at 95% CL, best fit branching fractions and corresponding constraints on Yukawa couplings for the $H\to\mu\tau$ and $H\to e\tau$ channels

More…