Measurements of Z bosons plus jets using variables sensitive to double parton scattering in pp collisions at 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Andrejkovic, Janik Walter ; et al.
CMS-SMP-20-009, 2021.
Inspire Record 1866118 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.110665

Double parton scattering is investigated using events with a Z boson and jets. The measurements are performed with proton-proton collision data recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$ collected in the year 2016. Differential cross sections of Z + $\geq$1 jet and Z + $\geq$2 jets are measured with transverse momentum of the jets above 20 GeV and pseudorapidity $|\eta|\lt$ 2.4. Several distributions with sensitivity to double parton scattering effects are measured as functions of the angle and the transverse momentum imbalance between the Z boson and the jets. The measured distributions are compared with predictions from several event generators with different hadronization models and different parameter settings for multiparton interactions. The measured distributions show a dependence on the hadronization and multiparton interaction simulation parameters, and are important input for future improvements of the simulations.

25 data tables

Differential cross sections as function of Delta Phi between Z boson and the leading jet for Z+ ≥ 1 jet events.

Differential cross sections as function of transverse momentum imbalance between Z boson and the leading jet for Z+ ≥ 1 jet events.

Differential cross sections as function of Delta Phi between Z boson and dijet for Z+ ≥ 2 jets events.

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Measurements of ${\mathrm{p}} {\mathrm{p}} \rightarrow {\mathrm{Z}} {\mathrm{Z}} $ production cross sections and constraints on anomalous triple gauge couplings at $\sqrt{s} = 13\,\text {TeV} $

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 81 (2021) 200, 2021.
Inspire Record 1814609 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.101183

The production of Z boson pairs in proton-proton (pp) collisions, pp $\to$ (Z/$\gamma^*$)(Z/$\gamma^*$) $\to$ 2$\ell$ 2$\ell'$, where $\ell,\ell'$ = e or $\mu$, is studied at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb$^{-1}$, collected during 2016-2018. The ZZ production cross section, $\sigma_{\text{tot}}$ (pp $\to$ ZZ) = 17.2 $\pm$ 0.3 (stat) $\pm$ 0.5 (syst) $\pm$ 0.4 (theo) $\pm$ 0.3 (lumi) pb, measured for events with two pairs of opposite-sign, same-flavor leptons produced in the mass region 60 $\lt$ $m_{\ell^+\ell^-}$ $\lt $ 120 GeV is consistent with standard model predictions. Differential cross sections are also measured and agree with theoretical predictions. The invariant mass distribution of the four-lepton system is used to set limits on anomalous ZZZ and ZZ$\gamma$ couplings.

10 data tables

Differential cross sections normalized to the fiducial cross section for the combined 4e, 2e2µ, and 4µ decay channels as a function of pT for all leptons in the event

Differential cross sections normalized to the fiducial cross section for the combined 4e, 2e2µ, and 4µ decay channels as a function of pT for all Z bosons in the event

Differential cross sections normalized to the fiducial cross section for the combined 4e, 2e2µ, and 4µ decay channels as a function of pT of the ZZ system

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Measurements of the $W$ boson rapidity, helicity, double-differential cross sections, and charge asymmetry in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt {s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 102 (2020) 092012, 2020.
Inspire Record 1810913 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.94180

The differential cross section and charge asymmetry for inclusive W boson production at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV is measured for the two transverse polarization states as a function of the W boson absolute rapidity. The measurement uses events in which a W boson decays to a neutrino and either a muon or an electron. The data sample of proton-proton collisions recorded with the CMS detector at the LHC in 2016 corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. The differential cross section and its value normalized to the total inclusive W boson production cross section are measured over the rapidity range $|y_\mathrm{W}|$ $\lt$ 2.5. In addition to the total fiducial cross section, the W boson double-differential cross section, d$^2\sigma$/d$p^\ell_\mathrm{T}$d$|\eta|$ and the charge asymmetry are measured as functions of the charged lepton transverse momentum and pseudorapidity. The precision of these measurements is used to constrain the parton distribution functions of the proton using the next-to-leading order NNPDF3.0 set.

67 data tables

Measured cross section from the helicity fit, divided by bin width, for combination of muon and electron channel

Measured cross section from the helicity fit, divided by bin width, for combination of muon and electron channel

Measured cross section from the helicity fit, divided by bin width, for combination of muon and electron channel

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Study of central exclusive $\pi^+\pi^-$ production in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 5.02 and 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 80 (2020) 718, 2020.
Inspire Record 1784063 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.100551

Central exclusive and semiexclusive production of $\pi^+\pi^-$ pairs is measured with the CMS detector in proton-proton collisions at the LHC at center-of-mass energies of 5.02 and 13 TeV. The theoretical description of these nonperturbative processes, which have not yet been measured in detail at the LHC, poses a significant challenge to models. The two pions are measured and identified in the CMS silicon tracker based on specific energy loss, whereas the absence of other particles is ensured by calorimeter information. The total and differential cross sections of exclusive and semiexclusive central $\pi^+\pi^-$ production are measured as functions of invariant mass, transverse momentum, and rapidity of the $\pi^+\pi^-$ system in the fiducial region defined as transverse momentum $p_\mathrm{T}(\pi)$ $>$ 0.2 GeV and pseudorapidity $|\eta(\pi)|$ $<$ 2.4. The production cross sections for the four resonant channels f$_0(500)$, $\rho^0(770)$, f$_0(980)$, and f$_2(1270)$ are extracted using a simple model. These results represent the first measurement of this process at the LHC collision energies of 5.02 and 13 TeV.

6 data tables

Differential cross section as a function of the invariant mass of the pion pair at 5.02 TeV, compared with generator-level simulations.

Differential cross section as a function of the invariant mass of the pion pair at 13 TeV, compared with generator-level simulations.

Differential cross section as a function of the transverse momentum of the pion pair at 5.02 TeV, compared with generator-level simulations.

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Production of $\Lambda_\mathrm{c}^+$ baryons in proton-proton and lead-lead collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}=$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 803 (2020) 135328, 2020.
Inspire Record 1738943 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88290

The differential cross sections of $\Lambda_\mathrm{c}^+$ baryon production are measured via the exclusive decay channel $\Lambda_\mathrm{c}^+ \to $pK$^-\pi^+$, as a function of transverse momentum ($p_\mathrm{T}$) in proton-proton (pp) and lead-lead (PbPb) collisions at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC. The measurement is performed within the $\Lambda_\mathrm{c}^+$ rapidity interval $|y|<$1.0 in the $p_\mathrm{T}$ range of 5-20 GeV/$c$ in pp and 10-20 GeV/$c$ in PbPb collisions. The observed yields of $\Lambda_\mathrm{c}^+$ for $p_\mathrm{T}$ of 10-20 GeV/$c$ suggest a possible suppression in central PbPb collisions compared to pp collisions. The $\Lambda_\mathrm{c}^+/$D$^0$ production ratio in pp collisions is compared to theoretical models. In PbPb collisions, this ratio is consistent with the result from pp collisions in their common $p_\mathrm{T}$ range.

5 data tables

The $p_{T}$-differential cross sections for inclusive $\Lambda_{c}^{+}$ production in pp collisions. The uncertainties associated with the $\Lambda_{c}^{+} \to pK^{-}\pi^{+}$ branching fraction and subresonant contributions, the luminosity and the nonprompt fraction contribute only to the overall normalization and are labeled global uncertainties ($21\%$).

The $T_{AA}$-scaled yields for inclusive $\Lambda_{c}^{+}$ baryon in three centrality regions of PbPb collisions. The uncertainties associated with the $\Lambda_{c}^{+} \to pK^{-}\pi^{+}$ branching fraction and subresonant contributions, the MB selection efficiency and the nonprompt fraction contribute only to the overall normalization and are labeled global uncertainties ($31\%$).

The nuclear modification factor $R_{AA}$ versus $\langle N_\text{part} \rangle$ for inclusive $\Lambda_{c}^{+}$ production in the centrality range $0-100\%$, $0-30\%$ and $30-100\%$. The systematic uncertainties include the PbPb systematic uncertainties associated with the signal extraction, $p_{T}$ spectrum, selection criteria, track reconstruction, and $T_{AA}$. The pp uncertainty includes the same uncertainties for the pp data (except for $T_{AA}$) plus the uncertainties in pp yield and luminosity. The global PbPb uncertainty includes the uncertainty from the nonprompt fraction(accounting for a partial cancelation between pp and PbPb) and MB selection efficiency.

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Measurement of differential cross sections for Z boson production in association with jets in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 78 (2018) 965, 2018.
Inspire Record 1667854 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.91404

The production of a Z boson, decaying to two charged leptons, in association with jets in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV is measured. Data recorded with the CMS detector at the LHC are used that correspond to an integrated luminosity of 2.19 fb$^{-1}$. The cross section is measured as a function of the jet multiplicity and its dependence on the transverse momentum of the Z boson, the jet kinematic variables (transverse momentum and rapidity), the scalar sum of the jet momenta, which quantifies the hadronic activity, and the balance in transverse momentum between the reconstructed jet recoil and the Z boson. The measurements are compared with predictions from four different calculations. The first two merge matrix elements with different parton multiplicities in the final state and parton showering, one of which includes one-loop corrections. The third is a fixed-order calculation with next-to-next-to-leading order accuracy for the process with a Z boson and one parton in the final state. The fourth combines the fully differential next-to-next-to-leading order calculation with next-to-next-to-leading logarithm resummation and parton showering.

36 data tables

Measured cross section for Z+jets as a function of the exclusive jet multiplicity, $N_{\text{jets}}$, and breakdown of the relative uncertainty.

Bin-to-bin correlation in the measured cross section for Z+jets as a function of the exclusive jet multiplicity, $N_{\text{jets}}$.

Measured cross section for Z+jets as a function of inclusive jet multiplicity, $N_{\text{jets}}^{\text{min}}$, and breakdown of the relative uncertainty.

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Measurement of associated Z + charm production in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} = $ 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, A.M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 78 (2018) 287, 2018.
Inspire Record 1634835 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85868

A study of the associated production of a Z boson and a charm quark jet (Z + c), and a comparison to production with a b quark jet (Z + b), in pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV are presented. The analysis uses a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 fb$^{-1}$, collected with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC. The Z boson candidates are identified through their decays into pairs of electrons or muons. Jets originating from heavy flavour quarks are identified using semileptonic decays of c or b flavoured hadrons and hadronic decays of charm hadrons. The measurements are performed in the kinematic region with two leptons with $p_{\rm T}^{\ell} > $ 20 GeV, ${|\eta^{\ell}|} < $ 2.1, 71 $ < m_{\ell\ell} < $ 111 GeV, and heavy flavour jets with $p_{\rm T}^{{\rm jet}} > $ 25 GeV and ${|\eta^{{\rm jet}}|} < $ 2.5. The Z + c production cross section is measured to be $\sigma({\mathrm{p}}{\mathrm{p}} \rightarrow \mathrm{Z} + \mathrm{c} + \mathrm{X}) {\cal B}(\mathrm{Z} \rightarrow \ell^+\ell^-) = $ 8.8 $ \pm $ 0.5 (stat) $ \pm $ 0.6 (syst) pb. The ratio of the Z + c and Z + b production cross sections is measured to be $\sigma({\mathrm{p}}{\mathrm{p}} \rightarrow \mathrm{Z} + \mathrm{c} + \mathrm{X}) / \sigma({\mathrm{p}}{\mathrm{p}} \rightarrow \mathrm{Z} + \mathrm{b} + \mathrm{X}) = $ 2.0 $ \pm $ 0.2 (stat) $ \pm $ 0.2 (syst). The Z + c production cross section and the cross section ratio are also measured as a function of the transverse momentum of the Z boson and of the heavy flavour jet. The measurements are compared with theoretical predictions.

28 data tables

Signal yields N(Z+c) and N(Z+b), efficiency*acceptance correction factors C(Z+c) and C(Z+b), cross section sigma(Z+c)B and cross section ratios sigma(Z+c)/sigma(Z+b) in the three categories (semileptonic, D+-, D*) and in the two Z boson decay channels (e+e-, mu+mu-). The factors that correct the acceptance and selection inefficiencies are also given. They include the relevant branching fraction for the corresponding channel. All uncertainties quoted in the table are statistical, except for those of the measured cross sections and cross section ratios where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is the estimated systematic uncertainty

Z+c and Z+b signal yields, differential cross section dsigma(Z+c)/dpTZ times branching ratio and differential cross sections ratio dsigma(Z+c)/dpTZ / dsigma(Z+b)/dpTZ for three ranges of the transverse momentum of the Z boson in the semileptonic mode

Z+c and Z+b signal yields, differential cross section dsigma(Z+c)/dpTZ times branching ratio and differential cross sections ratio dsigma(Z+c)/dpTZ / dsigma(Z+b)/dpTZ for three ranges of the transverse momentum of the jet in the semileptonic mode

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Measurement of normalized differential $ \mathrm{t}\overline{\mathrm{t}} $ cross sections in the dilepton channel from pp collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=13 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, A.M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 04 (2018) 060, 2018.
Inspire Record 1620050 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.81686

Normalized differential cross sections for top quark pair production are measured in the dilepton (e$^+$e$^-$, $\mu^+\mu^-$, and $\mu^\mp$e$^\pm$) decay channels in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. The measurements are performed with data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 2.1 fb$^{-1}$ using the CMS detector at the LHC. The cross sections are measured differentially as a function of the kinematic properties of the leptons, jets from bottom quark hadronization, top quarks, and top quark pairs at the particle and parton levels. The results are compared to several Monte Carlo generators that implement calculations up to next-to-leading order in perturbative quantum chromodynamics interfaced with parton showering, and also to fixed-order theoretical calculations of top quark pair production up to next-to-next-to-leading order.

28 data tables

Normalized differential ttbar cross sections with statistical and systematic uncertainties at the particle level as a function of pt(lepton).

Normalized differential ttbar cross sections with statistical and systematic uncertainties at the particle level as a function of pt(jet).

Normalized differential ttbar cross sections with statistical and systematic uncertainties at the particle level as a function of pt(top).

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Nuclear modification factor of D$^0$ mesons in PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} = 5.02$ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 782 (2018) 474-496, 2018.
Inspire Record 1616207 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.79053

The transverse momentum ($p_\mathrm{t}$) spectrum of prompt D$^0$ mesons and their antiparticles has been measured via the hadronic decay channels D$^0 \to \mathrm{K}^- \pi^+$ and $\overline{\mathrm{D}}^0 \to \mathrm{K}^+ \pi^-$ in pp and PbPb collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV per nucleon pair with the CMS detector at the LHC. The measurement is performed in the D$^0$ meson $p_\mathrm{t}$ range of 2-100 GeV and in the rapidity range of $|y| < $1. The pp (PbPb) dataset used for this analysis corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 27.4 pb$^{-1}$ (530 $\mu$b$^{-1}$). The measured D$^0$ meson $p_\mathrm{t}$ spectrum in pp collisions is well described by perturbative QCD calculations. The nuclear modification factor, comparing D$^0$ meson yields in PbPb and pp collisions, was extracted for both minimum-bias and the 10% most central PbPb interactions. For central events, the D$^0$ meson yield in the PbPb collisions is suppressed by a factor of 5-6 compared to the pp reference in the $p_\mathrm{t}$ range of 6-10 GeV. For D$^0$ mesons in the high-$p_\mathrm{t}$ range of 60-100 GeV, a significantly smaller suppression is observed. The results are also compared to theoretical calculations.

3 data tables

Nuclear modification factor of $(D^{0}+\overline{D}\hspace{.01cm}^{0})/2$ as a function of $p_{T}$ in the centrality range $0-100\%$ and $0-10\%$.

The $p_{T}$-differential production cross section of $(D^{0}+\overline{D}\hspace{.01cm}^{0})/2$ in pp collisions.

The $p_{T}$-differential production yields of $(D^{0}+\overline{D}\hspace{.01cm}^{0})/2$ divided by the nuclear overlap functions $T_{AA}$ for PbPb collisions in the $0-100\%$ and $0-10\%$ centrality ranges.


Measurement of the differential cross sections for the associated production of a $W$ boson and jets in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 96 (2017) 072005, 2017.
Inspire Record 1610623 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.79859

A measurement of the differential cross sections for a W boson produced in association with jets in the muon decay channel is presented. The measurement is based on 13 TeV proton-proton collision data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 2.2 inverse femtobarns, recorded by the CMS detector at the LHC. The cross sections are reported as functions of jet multiplicity, jet transverse momentum pT, jet rapidity, the scalar pT sum of the jets, and angular correlations between the muon and the jet for different jet multiplicities. The measured cross sections are in agreement with predictions that include multileg leading-order (LO) and next-to-LO matrix element calculations interfaced with parton showers, as well as a next-to-next-to-LO calculation for the W boson and one jet production.

19 data tables

The cross section measurement as a function of the exclusive jet multiplicity, for jet multiplicities of up to 6.

The cross section measurement as a function of the inclusive jet multiplicity, for jet multiplicities of up to 6.

The differential cross section measurement as a function of the transverse momentum of the first leading jet.

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