First measurement of large area jet transverse momentum spectra in heavy-ion collisions

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 05 (2021) 284, 2021.
Inspire Record 1848440 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.93881

Jet production in lead-lead (PbPb) and proton-proton (pp) collisions at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV is studied with the CMS detector at the LHC, using PbPb and pp data samples corresponding to integrated luminosities of 404 $\mu$b$^{-1}$ and 27.4 pb$^{-1}$, respectively. Jets with different areas are reconstructed using the anti-$k_\mathrm{T}$ algorithm by varying the distance parameter $R$. The measurements are performed using jets with transverse momenta ($p_\mathrm{T}$) greater than 200 GeV and in a pseudorapidity range of $|\eta|$$\lt$ 2. To reveal the medium modification of the jet spectra in PbPb collisions, the properly normalized ratio of spectra from PbPb and pp data is used to extract jet nuclear modification factors as functions of the PbPb collision centrality, $p_\mathrm{T}$ and, for the first time, as a function of $R$ up to 1.0. For the most central collisions, a strong suppression is observed for high-$p_\mathrm{T}$ jets reconstructed with all distance parameters, implying that a significant amount of jet energy is scattered to large angles. The dependence of jet suppression on $R$ is expected to be sensitive to both the jet energy loss mechanism and the medium response, and so the data are compared to several modern event generators and analytic calculations. The models considered do not fully reproduce the data.

18 data tables

Spectra of jets with |eta jet| < 2.0 for R = 0.2, for pp collisions and different centrality classes of PbPb collisions.

Spectra of jets with |eta jet| < 2.0 for R = 0.3, for pp collisions and different centrality classes of PbPb collisions.

Spectra of jets with |eta jet| < 2.0 for R = 0.4, for pp collisions and different centrality classes of PbPb collisions.

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The production of isolated photons in PbPb and pp collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 07 (2020) 116, 2020.
Inspire Record 1788620 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.93877

The transverse energy ($E_\mathrm{T}^{\gamma}$) spectra of photons isolated from other particles are measured using proton-proton (pp) and lead-lead (PbPb) collisions at the LHC at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.02 TeV with integrated luminosities of 27.4 pb$^{-1}$and 404 $\mu$b$^{-1}$ for pp and PbPb data, respectively. The results are presented for photons with 25 $<$ $E_\mathrm{T}^{\gamma}$ $<$ 200 GeV in the pseudorapidity range $|\eta|$ $<$ 1.44, and for different centrality intervals for PbPb collisions. Photon production in PbPb collisions is consistent with that in pp collisions scaled by the number of binary nucleon-nucleon collisions, demonstrating that photons do not interact with the quark-gluon plasma. Therefore, isolated photons can provide information about the initial energy of the associated parton in photon+jet measurements. The results are compared with predictions from the next-to-leading-order JETPHOX generator for different parton distribution functions (PDFs) and nuclear PDFs (nPDFs). The comparisons can help to constrain the nPDFs global fits.

4 data tables

Isolated photon spectra measured as a function of $E_{T}^{\gamma}$ for 0–10%, 10–30%, 30– 50%, 50–100%, and 0–100% PbPb collisions (scaled by $T_{AA}$) at 5.02TeV.

Isolated photon cross section measured as a function of $E_{T}^{\gamma}$ in pp collisions at 5.02TeV.

Nuclear modification factors $R_{AA}$ as a function of $E_{T}^{\gamma}$ measured in the 0–10%, 10–30%, 30–50%, and 50–100% centrality ranges in PbPb.

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Production of $\Lambda_\mathrm{c}^+$ baryons in proton-proton and lead-lead collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}=$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 803 (2020) 135328, 2020.
Inspire Record 1738943 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88290

The differential cross sections of $\Lambda_\mathrm{c}^+$ baryon production are measured via the exclusive decay channel $\Lambda_\mathrm{c}^+ \to $pK$^-\pi^+$, as a function of transverse momentum ($p_\mathrm{T}$) in proton-proton (pp) and lead-lead (PbPb) collisions at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC. The measurement is performed within the $\Lambda_\mathrm{c}^+$ rapidity interval $|y|<$1.0 in the $p_\mathrm{T}$ range of 5-20 GeV/$c$ in pp and 10-20 GeV/$c$ in PbPb collisions. The observed yields of $\Lambda_\mathrm{c}^+$ for $p_\mathrm{T}$ of 10-20 GeV/$c$ suggest a possible suppression in central PbPb collisions compared to pp collisions. The $\Lambda_\mathrm{c}^+/$D$^0$ production ratio in pp collisions is compared to theoretical models. In PbPb collisions, this ratio is consistent with the result from pp collisions in their common $p_\mathrm{T}$ range.

5 data tables

The $p_{T}$-differential cross sections for inclusive $\Lambda_{c}^{+}$ production in pp collisions. The uncertainties associated with the $\Lambda_{c}^{+} \to pK^{-}\pi^{+}$ branching fraction and subresonant contributions, the luminosity and the nonprompt fraction contribute only to the overall normalization and are labeled global uncertainties ($21\%$).

The $T_{AA}$-scaled yields for inclusive $\Lambda_{c}^{+}$ baryon in three centrality regions of PbPb collisions. The uncertainties associated with the $\Lambda_{c}^{+} \to pK^{-}\pi^{+}$ branching fraction and subresonant contributions, the MB selection efficiency and the nonprompt fraction contribute only to the overall normalization and are labeled global uncertainties ($31\%$).

The nuclear modification factor $R_{AA}$ versus $\langle N_\text{part} \rangle$ for inclusive $\Lambda_{c}^{+}$ production in the centrality range $0-100\%$, $0-30\%$ and $30-100\%$. The systematic uncertainties include the PbPb systematic uncertainties associated with the signal extraction, $p_{T}$ spectrum, selection criteria, track reconstruction, and $T_{AA}$. The pp uncertainty includes the same uncertainties for the pp data (except for $T_{AA}$) plus the uncertainties in pp yield and luminosity. The global PbPb uncertainty includes the uncertainty from the nonprompt fraction(accounting for a partial cancelation between pp and PbPb) and MB selection efficiency.

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Charged-particle nuclear modification factors in XeXe collisions at $ \sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}} = 5.44 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 10 (2018) 138, 2018.
Inspire Record 1692558 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85626

The differential yields of charged particles having pseudorapidity within $|\eta|<$ 1 are measured using xenon-xenon (XeXe) collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}$ = 5.44 TeV. The data, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3.42 $\mu$b$^{-1}$, were collected in 2017 by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The yields are reported as functions of collision centrality and transverse momentum, $p_\mathrm{T}$, from 0.5 to 100 GeV. A previously reported $p_\mathrm{T}$ spectrum from proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 5.02 TeV is used for comparison after correcting for the difference in center-of-mass energy. The nuclear modification factors using this reference, $R_\mathrm{AA}^*$, are constructed and compared to previous measurements and theoretical predictions. In head-on collisions, the $R_\mathrm{AA}^*$ has a value of 0.17 in the $p_\mathrm{T}$ range of 6-8 GeV, but increases to approximately 0.7 at 100 GeV. Above $\approx$ 6 GeV, the XeXe data show a notably smaller suppression than previous results for lead-lead (PbPb) collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV when compared at the same centrality (i.e., the same fraction of total cross section). However, the XeXe suppression is slightly greater than that for PbPb in events having a similar number of participating nucleons.

10 data tables

The per-event differential invariant yield of charged particles having |eta|<1 in XeXe collisions at sqrt(s_NN)=5.44 TeV. The first systematic uncertainty describes uncertainties that are not fully correlated across points, while the second systematic uncertainty is a normalization uncertainty that is fully correlated across all points. Bins where no data point has been reported are denoted as 'empty'.

The per-event differential invariant yield of charged particles having |eta|<1 in pp collisions at sqrt(s)=5.44 TeV, after extrpolation from 5.02 TeV data. The first systematic uncertainty describes uncertainties that are not fully correlated across points, while the second systematic uncertainty is a normalization uncertainty that is fully correlated across all points. The data is measured and extrapolated as a differential cross section, and transformed into a differential yield using an inelastic cross-section of 70 mb.

The nuclear modification factor of charged particles having |eta|<1 in XeXe collisions at sqrt(s_NN)=5.44 TeV. The first systematic uncertainty describes uncertainties that are not fully correlated across points, while the second systematic uncertainty is a normalization uncertainty that is fully correlated across all points. Bins where no data point has been reported are denoted as 'empty'.

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Version 2
Measurement of nuclear modification factors of $\Upsilon$(1S), $\Upsilon$(2S), and $\Upsilon$(3S) mesons in PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_\mathrm{NN}}} =$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 790 (2019) 270-293, 2019.
Inspire Record 1674529 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83200

The cross sections for $\Upsilon$(1S), $\Upsilon$(2S), and $\Upsilon$(3S) production in lead-lead (PbPb) and proton-proton (pp) collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_\mathrm{NN}}} =$ 5.02 TeV have been measured using the CMS detector at the LHC. The nuclear modification factors, R$_\mathrm{AA}$, derived from the PbPb-to-pp ratio of yields for each state, are studied as functions of meson rapidity and transverse momentum, as well as PbPb collision centrality. The yields of all three states are found to be significantly suppressed, and compatible with a sequential ordering of the suppression, R$_\mathrm{AA}$($\Upsilon$(1S)) $>$ R$_\mathrm{AA}$($\Upsilon$(2S)) $>$ R$_\mathrm{AA}$($\Upsilon$(3S)) . The suppression of $\Upsilon$(1S) is larger than that seen at $\sqrt{s_{_\mathrm{NN}}} =$ 2.76 TeV, although the two are compatible within uncertainties. The upper limit on the R$_\mathrm{AA}$ of $\Upsilon$(3S) integrated over $p_\mathrm{T}$ and rapidity is 0.094 at 95% confidence level, which is the strongest suppression observed for any hadron species in heavy ion collisions to date.

23 data tables

Differential cross sections of the Y(1S) meson as a function of pT for pp collisions. The global uncertainty arises from the integrated luminosity uncertainty in pp collisions.

Differential cross sections of the Y(2S) meson as a function of pT for pp collisions. The global uncertainty arises from the integrated luminosity uncertainty in pp collisions.

Differential cross sections of the Y(3S) meson as a function of pT for pp collisions. The global uncertainty arises from the integrated luminosity uncertainty in pp collisions.

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Measurement of prompt and nonprompt charmonium suppression in $\text {PbPb}$ collisions at 5.02 $\,\text {Te}\text {V}$

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 78 (2018) 509, 2018.
Inspire Record 1644903 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.80816

The nuclear modification factors of J/$\psi$ and $\psi$(2S) mesons are measured in PbPb collisions at a centre-of-mass energy per nucleon pair of $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}} =$ 5.02 TeV. The analysis is based on PbPb and pp data samples collected by CMS at the LHC in 2015, corresponding to integrated luminosities of 464 $\mu$b$^{-1}$ and 28 pb$^{-1}$, respectively. The measurements are performed in the dimuon rapidity range of $|y| <$ 2.4 as a function of centrality, rapidity, and transverse momentum (p$_\mathrm{T}$) from p$_\mathrm{T}=$ 3 GeV/$c$ in the most forward region and up to 50 GeV/$c$. Both prompt and nonprompt (coming from b hadron decays) mesons are observed to be increasingly suppressed with centrality, with a magnitude similar to the one observed at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=$ 2.76 TeV for the two J/$\psi$ meson components. No dependence on rapidity is observed for either prompt or nonprompt J/$\psi$ mesons. An indication of a lower prompt J/$\psi$ meson suppression at p$_\mathrm{T} >$ 25 GeV/$c$ is seen with respect to that observed at intermediate p$_\mathrm{T}$. The prompt $\psi$(2S) meson yield is found to be more suppressed than that of the prompt J/$\psi$ mesons in the entire p$_\mathrm{T}$ range.

32 data tables

Fraction of J/psi mesons coming from the decay of b hadrons, i.e. nonprompt J/psi meson fraction, as a function of dimuon pT for pp and PbPb collisions, for all centralities.

Fraction of J/psi mesons coming from the decay of b hadrons, i.e. nonprompt J/psi meson fraction, as a function of dimuon rapidity for pp and PbPb collisions, for all centralities.

Differential cross section of prompt J/psi mesons as a function of dimuon pT in pp and PbPb collisions. The PbPb cross sections are normalised by TAA for direct comparison. Global uncertainties arise from the integrated luminosity uncertainty in pp collisions, and the number of minimum bias events and TAA uncertainties for PbPb collisions.

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Nuclear modification factor of D$^0$ mesons in PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} = 5.02$ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 782 (2018) 474-496, 2018.
Inspire Record 1616207 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.79053

The transverse momentum ($p_\mathrm{t}$) spectrum of prompt D$^0$ mesons and their antiparticles has been measured via the hadronic decay channels D$^0 \to \mathrm{K}^- \pi^+$ and $\overline{\mathrm{D}}^0 \to \mathrm{K}^+ \pi^-$ in pp and PbPb collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV per nucleon pair with the CMS detector at the LHC. The measurement is performed in the D$^0$ meson $p_\mathrm{t}$ range of 2-100 GeV and in the rapidity range of $|y| < $1. The pp (PbPb) dataset used for this analysis corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 27.4 pb$^{-1}$ (530 $\mu$b$^{-1}$). The measured D$^0$ meson $p_\mathrm{t}$ spectrum in pp collisions is well described by perturbative QCD calculations. The nuclear modification factor, comparing D$^0$ meson yields in PbPb and pp collisions, was extracted for both minimum-bias and the 10% most central PbPb interactions. For central events, the D$^0$ meson yield in the PbPb collisions is suppressed by a factor of 5-6 compared to the pp reference in the $p_\mathrm{t}$ range of 6-10 GeV. For D$^0$ mesons in the high-$p_\mathrm{t}$ range of 60-100 GeV, a significantly smaller suppression is observed. The results are also compared to theoretical calculations.

3 data tables

Nuclear modification factor of $(D^{0}+\overline{D}\hspace{.01cm}^{0})/2$ as a function of $p_{T}$ in the centrality range $0-100\%$ and $0-10\%$.

The $p_{T}$-differential production cross section of $(D^{0}+\overline{D}\hspace{.01cm}^{0})/2$ in pp collisions.

The $p_{T}$-differential production yields of $(D^{0}+\overline{D}\hspace{.01cm}^{0})/2$ divided by the nuclear overlap functions $T_{AA}$ for PbPb collisions in the $0-100\%$ and $0-10\%$ centrality ranges.


Version 2
Charged-particle nuclear modification factors in PbPb and pPb collisions at $ \sqrt{s_{\mathrm{N}\;\mathrm{N}}}=5.02 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 04 (2017) 039, 2017.
Inspire Record 1496050 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77101

The spectra of charged particles produced within the pseudorapidity window abs(eta) < 1 at sqrt(s[NN]) = 5.02 TeV are measured using 404 inverse microbarns of PbPb and 27.4 inverse picobarns of pp data collected by the CMS detector at the LHC in 2015. The spectra are presented over the transverse momentum ranges spanning 0.5 < pt < 400 GeV in pp and 0.7 < pt < 400 GeV in PbPb collisions. The corresponding nuclear modification factor, R[AA], is measured in bins of collision centrality. The R[AA] in the 5% most central collisions shows a maximal suppression by a factor of 7-8 in the pt region of 6-9 GeV. This dip is followed by an increase, which continues up to the highest pt measured, and approaches unity in the vicinity of pt = 200 GeV. The R[AA] is compared to theoretical predictions and earlier experimental results at lower collision energies. The newly measured pp spectrum is combined with the pPb spectrum previously published by the CMS Collaboration to construct the pPb nuclear modification factor, R[pA], up to 120 GeV. For pt > 20 GeV, R[pA] exhibits weak momentum dependence and shows a moderate enhancement above unity.

16 data tables

Charged-particle per-event yields measured in 0-5% PbPb centrality class.

Charged-particle per-event yields measured in 5-10% PbPb centrality class.

Charged-particle per-event yields measured in 10-30% PbPb centrality class.

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Version 2
Suppression of $\Upsilon(1S), \Upsilon(2S)$ and $\Upsilon(3S)$ production in PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}$ = 2.76 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 770 (2017) 357-379, 2017.
Inspire Record 1495866 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77220

The production yields of Upsilon(1S), Upsilon(2S), and Upsilon(3S) quarkonium states are measured through their decays into muon pairs in the CMS detector, in PbPb and pp collisions at the centre-of-mass energy per nucleon pair of 2.76 TeV. The data correspond to integrated luminosities of 166 inverse microbarns and 5.4 inverse picobarns for PbPb and pp collisions, respectively. Differential production cross sections are reported as functions of Upsilon rapidity y up to 2.4, and transverse momentum pT up to 20 GeV/c. A strong centrality-dependent suppression is observed in PbPb relative to pp collisions, by factors of up to approximately 2 and 8, for the Upsilon(1S) and Upsilon(2S) states, respectively. No significant dependence of this suppression is observed as a function of y or pT. The Upsilon(3S) state is not observed in PbPb collisions, which corresponds to a suppression for the centrality-integrated data by at least a factor of approximately 7 at a 95% confidence level. The observed suppression is in agreement with theoretical scenarios modeling the sequential melting of quarkonium states in a quark gluon plasma.

17 data tables

Differential cross section for Y(1S) states as a function of their transverse momentum and per unit of rapidity in pp collisions. Statistical (systematic) uncertainties are displayed as error bars (boxes). Global relative uncertainties of 3.7% are not displayed.

Differential cross section for Y(2S) states as a function of their transverse momentum and per unit of rapidity in pp collisions. Statistical (systematic) uncertainties are displayed as error bars (boxes). Global relative uncertainties of 3.7% are not displayed.

Differential cross section for Y(3S) states as a function of their transverse momentum and per unit of rapidity in pp collisions. Statistical (systematic) uncertainties are displayed as error bars (boxes). Global relative uncertainties of 3.7% are not displayed.

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Version 2
Suppression and azimuthal anisotropy of prompt and nonprompt ${\mathrm{J}}/\psi $ production in PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{{s_{_{\text {NN}}}}} =2.76$ $\,\mathrm{TeV}$

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 77 (2017) 252, 2017.
Inspire Record 1489189 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77015

The nuclear modification factor RAA and the azimuthal anisotropy coefficient v[2] of prompt and nonprompt (i.e. those from decays of b hadrons) J/psi mesons, measured from PbPb and pp collisions at sqrt(s[NN]) = 2.76 TeV at the LHC, are reported. The results are presented in several event centrality intervals and several kinematic regions, for transverse momenta pt > 6.5 GeV/c and rapidity abs(y) < 2.4, extending down to pt = 3 GeV/c in the 1.6 < abs(y) < 2.4 range. The v[2] of prompt J/psi is found to be nonzero, but with no strong dependence on centrality, rapidity, or pt over the full kinematic range studied. The measured v[2] of nonprompt J/psi is consistent with zero. The RAA of prompt J/psi exhibits a suppression that increases from peripheral to central collisions but does not vary as a function of either y or pt in the fiducial range. The nonprompt J/psi RAA shows a suppression which becomes stronger as rapidity or pt increase. The v[2] and nuclear suppression of open and hidden charm, and of open charm and beauty, are compared.

14 data tables

Prompt J/$\psi$ $v_{2}$ as a function of centrality. The average ${N}_{\rm part}$ values correspond to events flatly distributed across centrality.

Prompt J/$\psi$ $v_{2}$ as a function of rapidity.

Prompt J/$\psi$ $v_{2}$ as a function of $p_{T}$.

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