Study of Drell-Yan dimuon production in proton-lead collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 8.16 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 05 (2021) 182, 2021.
Inspire Record 1849180 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88292

Differential cross sections for the Drell-Yan process, including Z boson production, using the dimuon decay channel are measured in proton-lead (pPb) collisions at a nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass energy of 8.16 TeV. A data sample recorded with the CMS detector at the LHC is used, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 173 nb$^{-1}$. The differential cross section as a function of the dimuon mass is measured in the range 15-600 GeV, for the first time in proton-nucleus collisions. It is also reported as a function of dimuon rapidity over the mass ranges 15-60 GeV and 60-120 GeV, and ratios for the p-going over the Pb-going beam directions are built. In both mass ranges, the differential cross sections as functions of the dimuon transverse momentum $p_\mathrm{T}$ and of a geometric variable $\phi^*$ are measured, where $\phi^*$ highly correlates with $p_\mathrm{T}$ but is determined with higher precision. In the Z mass region, the rapidity dependence of the data indicate a modification of the distribution of partons within a lead nucleus as compared to the proton case. The data are more precise than predictions based upon current models of parton distributions.

28 data tables

Differential fiducial cross section (without the acceptance correction) for the DY process measured in the muon channel, as a function of dimuon invariant mass. The quoted error is the quadratic sum of the statistical and systematic uncertainties. The global normalisation uncertainty of 3.5% is listed separately.

Differential fiducial cross section (without the acceptance correction) for the DY process measured in the muon channel, as a function of rapidity in the centre-of-mass frame for $15<m_{\mu\mu}<60$ GeV. The quoted error is the quadratic sum of the statistical and systematic uncertainties. The global normalisation uncertainty of 3.5% is listed separately.

Differential fiducial cross section (without the acceptance correction) for the DY process measured in the muon channel, as a function of rapidity in the centre-of-mass frame for $60<m_{\mu\mu}<120$ GeV. The quoted error is the quadratic sum of the statistical and systematic uncertainties. The global normalisation uncertainty of 3.5% is listed separately.

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Observation of nuclear modifications in W$^\pm$ boson production in pPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 8.16 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 800 (2020) 135048, 2020.
Inspire Record 1733223 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88284

The production of W$^\pm$ bosons is studied in proton-lead (pPb) collisions at a nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 8.16 TeV. Measurements are performed in the W$^\pm$ $\to$ $\mu^\pm\nu_\mu$ channel using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 173.4 $\pm$ 8.7 nb$^{-1}$, collected by the CMS Collaboration at the LHC. The number of positively and negatively charged W bosons is determined separately in the muon pseudorapidity region in the laboratory frame $|\eta^\mu_\mathrm{lab}|$ $<$ 2.4 and transverse momentum $p_\mathrm{T}^\mu$ $>$ 25 GeV/$c$. The W$^\pm$ boson differential cross sections, muon charge asymmetry, and the ratios of W$^\pm$ boson yields for the proton-going over the Pb-going beam directions are reported as a function of the muon pseudorapidity in the nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass frame. The measurements are compared to the predictions from theoretical calculations based on parton distribution functions (PDFs) at next-to-leading-order. The results favour PDF calculations that include nuclear modifications and provide constraints on the nuclear PDF global fits.

7 data tables

Muon charge asymmetry, $(N_{\mu}^{+} - N_{\mu}^{-})/(N_{\mu}^{+} + N_{\mu}^{-})$, as a function of the muon pseudorapidity in the centre-of-mass frame.

Differential production cross sections for $\textrm{pPb} \to W^{+} + X \to \mu^{+} \nu + X$ for positively charged muons of $p_T$ larger than 25 GeV$/c$, in nanobarns, as a function of the muon pseudorapidity in the centre-of-mass frame. The global normalisation uncertainty of 3.5% is listed separately.

Differential production cross sections for $\textrm{pPb} \to W^{-} + X \to \mu^{-} \bar{\nu} + X$ for negatively charged muons of $p_T$ larger than 25 GeV$/c$, in nanobarns, as a function of the muon pseudorapidity in the centre-of-mass frame. The global normalisation uncertainty of 3.5% is listed separately.

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Measurement of the differential Drell-Yan cross section in proton-proton collisions at $ \sqrt{\mathrm{s}} $ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 12 (2019) 059, 2019.
Inspire Record 1711625 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88043

Measurements of the differential cross section for the Drell-Yan process, based on proton-proton collision data at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, collected by the CMS experiment, are presented. The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 2.8 (2.3) fb$^{-1}$ in the dimuon (dielectron) channel. The total and fiducial cross section measurements are presented as a function of dilepton invariant mass in the range 15 to 3000 GeV, and compared with the perturbative predictions of the standard model. The measured differential cross sections are in good agreement with the theoretical calculations.

10 data tables

Summary of the systematic uncertainties (%) for the $ d\sigma / d{m}$ (pb/GeV) measurement in the dimuon channel. The column labelled "Total" corresponds to the quadratic sum of all the experimental sources, except for that Acceptance+PDF.

Summary of the systematic uncertainties (%) for the $ d\sigma / d{m}$ (pb/GeV) measurement in the dielectron channel. The column labelled "Total" corresponds to the quadratic sum of all the experimental sources, except for that Acceptance+PDF.

Summary of the measured values of $ d\sigma / d{m}$ (pb/GeV) in the dimuon channel with the statistical ($\delta_{\text{stat}}$), experimental ($\delta_{\text{exp}}$) and theoretical ($\delta_{\text{theo}}$) uncertainties, respectively. Here, $\delta_{\text{tot}}$ is the quadratic sum of the three components.

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Azimuthal correlations for inclusive 2-jet, 3-jet, and 4-jet events in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}= $ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 78 (2018) 566, 2018.
Inspire Record 1643640 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.86140

Azimuthal correlations between the two jets with the largest transverse momenta $ {p_{\mathrm{T}}} $ in inclusive 2-, 3-, and 4-jet events are presented for several regions of the leading jet $ {p_{\mathrm{T}}} $ up to 4 TeV. For 3- and 4-jet scenarios, measurements of the minimum azimuthal angles between any two of the three or four leading $ {p_{\mathrm{T}}} $ jets are also presented. The analysis is based on data from proton-proton collisions collected by the CMS Collaboration at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. Calculations based on leading-order matrix elements supplemented with parton showering and hadronization do not fully describe the data, so next-to-leading-order calculations matched with parton shower and hadronization models are needed to better describe the measured distributions. Furthermore, we show that azimuthal jet correlations are sensitive to details of the parton showering, hadronization, and multiparton interactions. A next-to-leading-order calculation matched with parton showers in the MC@NLO method, as implemented in HERWIG 7, gives a better overall description of the measurements than the POWHEG method.

41 data tables

Normalized inclusive 2-jet cross section differential in $\Delta\phi_{1,2}$ for $200 < p_{T}^{max} < 300$ GeV

Normalized inclusive 2-jet cross section differential in $\Delta\phi_{1,2}$ for $300 < p_{T}^{max} < 400$ GeV

Normalized inclusive 2-jet cross section differential in $\Delta\phi_{1,2}$ for $400 < p_{T}^{max} < 500$ GeV

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Measurements of the $\mathrm {p}\mathrm {p}\rightarrow \mathrm{Z}\mathrm{Z}$ production cross section and the $\mathrm{Z}\rightarrow 4\ell $ branching fraction, and constraints on anomalous triple gauge couplings at $\sqrt{s} = 13\,\text {TeV} $

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 78 (2018) 165, 2018.
Inspire Record 1625296 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.80152

Four-lepton production in proton-proton collisions, $\mathrm{pp}\to (\mathrm{Z}/ \gamma^*)(\mathrm{Z}/\gamma^*) \to 4\ell$, where $\ell = \mathrm{e}$ or $\mu$, is studied at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. The ZZ production cross section, $\sigma(\mathrm{pp} \to \mathrm{Z}\mathrm{Z}) = 17.2 \pm 0.5\text{ (stat) }\pm 0.7\text{ (syst) }\pm 0.4(\mathrm{theo}) \pm 0.4\text{ (lumi)}$ pb, measured using events with two opposite-sign, same-flavor lepton pairs produced in the mass region $60 < m_{\ell^+\ell^-} < $120 GeV, is consistent with standard model predictions. Differential cross sections are measured and are well described by the theoretical predictions. The Z boson branching fraction to four leptons is measured to be $\mathcal{B}(\mathrm{Z}\to 4\ell) = 4.8 \pm 0.2\text{ (stat) }\pm 0.2\text{ (syst) } \pm 0.1\text{ (theo) }\pm 0.1\text{ (lumi) }\times 10^{-6}$ for events with a four-lepton invariant mass in the range 80 $ < m_{4\ell} < $ 100 GeV and a dilepton mass $m_{\ell\ell} > $4 GeV for all opposite-sign, same-flavor lepton pairs. The results agree with standard model predictions. The invariant mass distribution of the four-lepton system is used to set limits on anomalous ZZZ and ZZ$\gamma$ couplings at 95% confidence level: $-0.0012 < f_4^\mathrm{Z} < 0.0010$, $-0.0010 < f_5^\mathrm{Z} < 0.0013$, $-0.0012 < f_4^{\gamma} < 0.0013$, $-0.0012 < f_5^{\gamma} < 0.0013$.

14 data tables

The measured total ZZ cross section using 2016 data. The first systematic uncertainty is the combined systematic uncertainty excluding luminosity and theortical sources, the second is theoretical uncertianty on the extrapolation from the selected region to the total phase space, the third is the luminosity uncertianty

The measured total ZZ cross section using 2015 and 2016. The first systematic uncertainty is the combined systematic uncertainty excluding luminosity and theortical sources, the second is theoretical uncertianty on the extrapolation from the selected region to the total phase space, the third is the luminosity uncertianty

The measured fiducial ZZ cross sections. The first systematic uncertainty is the combined systematic uncertainty excluding luminosity, the second is the luminosity uncertianty

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Measurement of the differential cross sections for the associated production of a $W$ boson and jets in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 96 (2017) 072005, 2017.
Inspire Record 1610623 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.79859

A measurement of the differential cross sections for a W boson produced in association with jets in the muon decay channel is presented. The measurement is based on 13 TeV proton-proton collision data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 2.2 inverse femtobarns, recorded by the CMS detector at the LHC. The cross sections are reported as functions of jet multiplicity, jet transverse momentum pT, jet rapidity, the scalar pT sum of the jets, and angular correlations between the muon and the jet for different jet multiplicities. The measured cross sections are in agreement with predictions that include multileg leading-order (LO) and next-to-LO matrix element calculations interfaced with parton showers, as well as a next-to-next-to-LO calculation for the W boson and one jet production.

19 data tables

The cross section measurement as a function of the exclusive jet multiplicity, for jet multiplicities of up to 6.

The cross section measurement as a function of the inclusive jet multiplicity, for jet multiplicities of up to 6.

The differential cross section measurement as a function of the transverse momentum of the first leading jet.

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Version 2
Measurements of differential cross sections for associated production of a W boson and jets in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 95 (2017) 052002, 2017.
Inspire Record 1491953 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.76995

Differential cross sections for a W boson produced in association with jets are measured in a data sample of proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 8 TeV recorded with the CMS detector and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.6 inverse femtobarns. The W bosons are identified through their decay mode W to mu nu. The cross sections are reported as functions of jet multiplicity, transverse momenta, and the scalar sum of jet transverse momenta (HT) for different jet multiplicities. Distributions of the angular correlations between the jets and the muon are examined, as well as the average number of jets as a function of HT and as a function of angular variables. The measured differential cross sections are compared with tree-level and higher-order recent event generators, as well as next-to-leading-order and next-to-next-to-leading-order theoretical predictions. The agreement of the generators with the measurements builds confidence in their use for the simulation of W+jets background processes in searches for new physics at the LHC.

39 data tables

The cross section measurement as a function of the exclusive jet multiplicity, for jet multiplicities of up to 7.

The cross section measurement as a function of the inclusive jet multiplicity, for jet multiplicities of up to 7.

The differential cross section measurement as a function of the transverse momentum of the first leading jet.

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Measurement of the total and differential inclusive $B^+$ hadron cross sections in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 771 (2017) 435-456, 2017.
Inspire Record 1485195 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85745

The differential cross sections for inclusive production of B+ hadrons are measured as a function of the B+ transverse momentum pT[B] and rapidity y[B] in pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, using data collected by the CMS experiment that correspond to an integrated luminosity of 49.4 inverse picobarns. The measurement uses the exclusive decay channel B+ to J/psi K+, with J/psi mesons that decay to a pair of muons. The results show a reasonable agreement with theoretical calculations within the uncertainties.

7 data tables

B+ differential production cross sections DSIG/DPT for |yB|< 1.45 or |yB|< 2.1, at 13 TeV. The calculations from FONLL and PYTHIA are provided. The ratio of the data at 13 TeV to the FONLL predictions and the ratios of the PYTHIA to the FONLL calculations are also given.

B+ differential production cross sections DSIG/DETARAP for 10 < ptB < 100 GeV or 17 < ptB < 100 GeV, at 13 TeV. The calculations from FONLL and PYTHIA are provided. The ratio of the data at 13 TeV to the FONLL predictions and the ratios of the PYTHIA to the FONLL calculations are also given.

Ratios of B+ differential production cross sections at 13 TeV and at 7 TeV as a function of ptB for |yB|< 1.45 or |yB|< 2.1. The calculations from FONLL and PYTHIA are provided as well.

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Study of Z boson production in pPb collisions at $\sqrt {s_{NN}} = 5.02$ TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 759 (2016) 36-57, 2016.
Inspire Record 1410832 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.71358

The production of Z bosons in pPb collisions at sqrt(s[NN]) = 5.02 TeV is studied by the CMS experiment via the electron and muon decay channels. The inclusive cross section is compared to pp collision predictions, and found to scale with the number of elementary nucleon-nucleon collisions. The differential cross sections as a function of the Z boson rapidity and transverse momentum are measured. Though they are found to be consistent within uncertainty with theoretical predictions both with and without nuclear effects, the forward-backward asymmetry suggests the presence of nuclear effects at large rapidities. These results provide new data for constraining nuclear parton distribution functions.

3 data tables

Differential cross section of the Z bosons in pPb collisions as a function of rapidity in the fiducial region for the combined leptonic decay channel.

Forward-backward asymmetry (AFB) distribution of the Z bosons in pPb collisions as a function of rapidity in the fiducial region for the combined leptonic decay channel.

Differential cross section of the Z bosons in pPb collisions as a function of transverse momentum in the fiducial region for the combined leptonic decay channel.


Measurement of Top Quark Polarisation in T-Channel Single Top Quark Production

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 04 (2016) 073, 2016.
Inspire Record 1403169 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38092

A first measurement of the top quark spin asymmetry, sensitive to the top quark polarisation, in t-channel single top quark production is presented. It is based on a sample of pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 inverse-femtobarns. A high-purity sample of t-channel single top quark events with an isolated muon is selected. Signal and background components are estimated using a fit to data. A differential cross section measurement, corrected for detector effects, of an angular observable sensitive to the top quark polarisation is performed. The differential distribution is used to extract a top quark spin asymmetry of 0.26 +/- 0.03 (stat) +/- 0.10 (syst), which is compatible with a p-value of 4.6% with the standard model prediction of 0.44.

4 data tables

The normalized differential cross section as a function of unfolded $\cos\theta_{\mu}^{*}$ for top quark.

The normalized differential cross section as a function of unfolded $\cos\theta_{\mu}^{*}$ for top antiquark.

The normalized differential cross section as a function of unfolded $\cos\theta_{\mu}^{*}$ for top quark and antiquark.

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