Observation of nuclear modifications in W$^\pm$ boson production in pPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 8.16 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 800 (2020) 135048, 2020.
Inspire Record 1733223 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88284

The production of W$^\pm$ bosons is studied in proton-lead (pPb) collisions at a nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 8.16 TeV. Measurements are performed in the W$^\pm$ $\to$ $\mu^\pm\nu_\mu$ channel using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 173.4 $\pm$ 8.7 nb$^{-1}$, collected by the CMS Collaboration at the LHC. The number of positively and negatively charged W bosons is determined separately in the muon pseudorapidity region in the laboratory frame $|\eta^\mu_\mathrm{lab}|$ $<$ 2.4 and transverse momentum $p_\mathrm{T}^\mu$ $>$ 25 GeV/$c$. The W$^\pm$ boson differential cross sections, muon charge asymmetry, and the ratios of W$^\pm$ boson yields for the proton-going over the Pb-going beam directions are reported as a function of the muon pseudorapidity in the nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass frame. The measurements are compared to the predictions from theoretical calculations based on parton distribution functions (PDFs) at next-to-leading-order. The results favour PDF calculations that include nuclear modifications and provide constraints on the nuclear PDF global fits.

7 data tables

Muon charge asymmetry, $(N_{\mu}^{+} - N_{\mu}^{-})/(N_{\mu}^{+} + N_{\mu}^{-})$, as a function of the muon pseudorapidity in the centre-of-mass frame.

Differential production cross sections for $\textrm{pPb} \to W^{+} + X \to \mu^{+} \nu + X$ for positively charged muons of $p_T$ larger than 25 GeV$/c$, in nanobarns, as a function of the muon pseudorapidity in the centre-of-mass frame. The global normalisation uncertainty of 3.5% is listed separately.

Differential production cross sections for $\textrm{pPb} \to W^{-} + X \to \mu^{-} \bar{\nu} + X$ for negatively charged muons of $p_T$ larger than 25 GeV$/c$, in nanobarns, as a function of the muon pseudorapidity in the centre-of-mass frame. The global normalisation uncertainty of 3.5% is listed separately.

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Measurement of the differential Drell-Yan cross section in proton-proton collisions at $ \sqrt{\mathrm{s}} $ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 12 (2019) 059, 2019.
Inspire Record 1711625 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88043

Measurements of the differential cross section for the Drell-Yan process, based on proton-proton collision data at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, collected by the CMS experiment, are presented. The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 2.8 (2.3) fb$^{-1}$ in the dimuon (dielectron) channel. The total and fiducial cross section measurements are presented as a function of dilepton invariant mass in the range 15 to 3000 GeV, and compared with the perturbative predictions of the standard model. The measured differential cross sections are in good agreement with the theoretical calculations.

10 data tables

Summary of the systematic uncertainties (%) for the $ d\sigma / d{m}$ (pb/GeV) measurement in the dimuon channel. The column labelled "Total" corresponds to the quadratic sum of all the experimental sources, except for that Acceptance+PDF.

Summary of the systematic uncertainties (%) for the $ d\sigma / d{m}$ (pb/GeV) measurement in the dielectron channel. The column labelled "Total" corresponds to the quadratic sum of all the experimental sources, except for that Acceptance+PDF.

Summary of the measured values of $ d\sigma / d{m}$ (pb/GeV) in the dimuon channel with the statistical ($\delta_{\text{stat}}$), experimental ($\delta_{\text{exp}}$) and theoretical ($\delta_{\text{theo}}$) uncertainties, respectively. Here, $\delta_{\text{tot}}$ is the quadratic sum of the three components.

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Azimuthal correlations for inclusive 2-jet, 3-jet, and 4-jet events in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}= $ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 78 (2018) 566, 2018.
Inspire Record 1643640 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.86140

Azimuthal correlations between the two jets with the largest transverse momenta $ {p_{\mathrm{T}}} $ in inclusive 2-, 3-, and 4-jet events are presented for several regions of the leading jet $ {p_{\mathrm{T}}} $ up to 4 TeV. For 3- and 4-jet scenarios, measurements of the minimum azimuthal angles between any two of the three or four leading $ {p_{\mathrm{T}}} $ jets are also presented. The analysis is based on data from proton-proton collisions collected by the CMS Collaboration at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. Calculations based on leading-order matrix elements supplemented with parton showering and hadronization do not fully describe the data, so next-to-leading-order calculations matched with parton shower and hadronization models are needed to better describe the measured distributions. Furthermore, we show that azimuthal jet correlations are sensitive to details of the parton showering, hadronization, and multiparton interactions. A next-to-leading-order calculation matched with parton showers in the MC@NLO method, as implemented in HERWIG 7, gives a better overall description of the measurements than the POWHEG method.

41 data tables

Normalized inclusive 2-jet cross section differential in $\Delta\phi_{1,2}$ for $200 < p_{T}^{max} < 300$ GeV

Normalized inclusive 2-jet cross section differential in $\Delta\phi_{1,2}$ for $300 < p_{T}^{max} < 400$ GeV

Normalized inclusive 2-jet cross section differential in $\Delta\phi_{1,2}$ for $400 < p_{T}^{max} < 500$ GeV

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Measurements of the $\mathrm {p}\mathrm {p}\rightarrow \mathrm{Z}\mathrm{Z}$ production cross section and the $\mathrm{Z}\rightarrow 4\ell $ branching fraction, and constraints on anomalous triple gauge couplings at $\sqrt{s} = 13\,\text {TeV} $

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 78 (2018) 165, 2018.
Inspire Record 1625296 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.80152

Four-lepton production in proton-proton collisions, $\mathrm{pp}\to (\mathrm{Z}/ \gamma^*)(\mathrm{Z}/\gamma^*) \to 4\ell$, where $\ell = \mathrm{e}$ or $\mu$, is studied at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. The ZZ production cross section, $\sigma(\mathrm{pp} \to \mathrm{Z}\mathrm{Z}) = 17.2 \pm 0.5\text{ (stat) }\pm 0.7\text{ (syst) }\pm 0.4(\mathrm{theo}) \pm 0.4\text{ (lumi)}$ pb, measured using events with two opposite-sign, same-flavor lepton pairs produced in the mass region $60 < m_{\ell^+\ell^-} < $120 GeV, is consistent with standard model predictions. Differential cross sections are measured and are well described by the theoretical predictions. The Z boson branching fraction to four leptons is measured to be $\mathcal{B}(\mathrm{Z}\to 4\ell) = 4.8 \pm 0.2\text{ (stat) }\pm 0.2\text{ (syst) } \pm 0.1\text{ (theo) }\pm 0.1\text{ (lumi) }\times 10^{-6}$ for events with a four-lepton invariant mass in the range 80 $ < m_{4\ell} < $ 100 GeV and a dilepton mass $m_{\ell\ell} > $4 GeV for all opposite-sign, same-flavor lepton pairs. The results agree with standard model predictions. The invariant mass distribution of the four-lepton system is used to set limits on anomalous ZZZ and ZZ$\gamma$ couplings at 95% confidence level: $-0.0012 < f_4^\mathrm{Z} < 0.0010$, $-0.0010 < f_5^\mathrm{Z} < 0.0013$, $-0.0012 < f_4^{\gamma} < 0.0013$, $-0.0012 < f_5^{\gamma} < 0.0013$.

14 data tables

The measured total ZZ cross section using 2016 data. The first systematic uncertainty is the combined systematic uncertainty excluding luminosity and theortical sources, the second is theoretical uncertianty on the extrapolation from the selected region to the total phase space, the third is the luminosity uncertianty

The measured total ZZ cross section using 2015 and 2016. The first systematic uncertainty is the combined systematic uncertainty excluding luminosity and theortical sources, the second is theoretical uncertianty on the extrapolation from the selected region to the total phase space, the third is the luminosity uncertianty

The measured fiducial ZZ cross sections. The first systematic uncertainty is the combined systematic uncertainty excluding luminosity, the second is the luminosity uncertianty

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Measurement of the differential cross sections for the associated production of a $W$ boson and jets in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 96 (2017) 072005, 2017.
Inspire Record 1610623 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.79859

A measurement of the differential cross sections for a W boson produced in association with jets in the muon decay channel is presented. The measurement is based on 13 TeV proton-proton collision data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 2.2 inverse femtobarns, recorded by the CMS detector at the LHC. The cross sections are reported as functions of jet multiplicity, jet transverse momentum pT, jet rapidity, the scalar pT sum of the jets, and angular correlations between the muon and the jet for different jet multiplicities. The measured cross sections are in agreement with predictions that include multileg leading-order (LO) and next-to-LO matrix element calculations interfaced with parton showers, as well as a next-to-next-to-LO calculation for the W boson and one jet production.

19 data tables

The cross section measurement as a function of the exclusive jet multiplicity, for jet multiplicities of up to 6.

The cross section measurement as a function of the inclusive jet multiplicity, for jet multiplicities of up to 6.

The differential cross section measurement as a function of the transverse momentum of the first leading jet.

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Version 2
Measurements of differential cross sections for associated production of a W boson and jets in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 95 (2017) 052002, 2017.
Inspire Record 1491953 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.76995

Differential cross sections for a W boson produced in association with jets are measured in a data sample of proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 8 TeV recorded with the CMS detector and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.6 inverse femtobarns. The W bosons are identified through their decay mode W to mu nu. The cross sections are reported as functions of jet multiplicity, transverse momenta, and the scalar sum of jet transverse momenta (HT) for different jet multiplicities. Distributions of the angular correlations between the jets and the muon are examined, as well as the average number of jets as a function of HT and as a function of angular variables. The measured differential cross sections are compared with tree-level and higher-order recent event generators, as well as next-to-leading-order and next-to-next-to-leading-order theoretical predictions. The agreement of the generators with the measurements builds confidence in their use for the simulation of W+jets background processes in searches for new physics at the LHC.

39 data tables

The cross section measurement as a function of the exclusive jet multiplicity, for jet multiplicities of up to 7.

The cross section measurement as a function of the inclusive jet multiplicity, for jet multiplicities of up to 7.

The differential cross section measurement as a function of the transverse momentum of the first leading jet.

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Measurement of the total and differential inclusive $B^+$ hadron cross sections in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 771 (2017) 435-456, 2017.
Inspire Record 1485195 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85745

The differential cross sections for inclusive production of B+ hadrons are measured as a function of the B+ transverse momentum pT[B] and rapidity y[B] in pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, using data collected by the CMS experiment that correspond to an integrated luminosity of 49.4 inverse picobarns. The measurement uses the exclusive decay channel B+ to J/psi K+, with J/psi mesons that decay to a pair of muons. The results show a reasonable agreement with theoretical calculations within the uncertainties.

7 data tables

B+ differential production cross sections DSIG/DPT for |yB|< 1.45 or |yB|< 2.1, at 13 TeV. The calculations from FONLL and PYTHIA are provided. The ratio of the data at 13 TeV to the FONLL predictions and the ratios of the PYTHIA to the FONLL calculations are also given.

B+ differential production cross sections DSIG/DETARAP for 10 < ptB < 100 GeV or 17 < ptB < 100 GeV, at 13 TeV. The calculations from FONLL and PYTHIA are provided. The ratio of the data at 13 TeV to the FONLL predictions and the ratios of the PYTHIA to the FONLL calculations are also given.

Ratios of B+ differential production cross sections at 13 TeV and at 7 TeV as a function of ptB for |yB|< 1.45 or |yB|< 2.1. The calculations from FONLL and PYTHIA are provided as well.

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Study of Z boson production in pPb collisions at $\sqrt {s_{NN}} = 5.02$ TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 759 (2016) 36-57, 2016.
Inspire Record 1410832 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.71358

The production of Z bosons in pPb collisions at sqrt(s[NN]) = 5.02 TeV is studied by the CMS experiment via the electron and muon decay channels. The inclusive cross section is compared to pp collision predictions, and found to scale with the number of elementary nucleon-nucleon collisions. The differential cross sections as a function of the Z boson rapidity and transverse momentum are measured. Though they are found to be consistent within uncertainty with theoretical predictions both with and without nuclear effects, the forward-backward asymmetry suggests the presence of nuclear effects at large rapidities. These results provide new data for constraining nuclear parton distribution functions.

3 data tables

Differential cross section of the Z bosons in pPb collisions as a function of rapidity in the fiducial region for the combined leptonic decay channel.

Forward-backward asymmetry (AFB) distribution of the Z bosons in pPb collisions as a function of rapidity in the fiducial region for the combined leptonic decay channel.

Differential cross section of the Z bosons in pPb collisions as a function of transverse momentum in the fiducial region for the combined leptonic decay channel.


Measurement of Top Quark Polarisation in T-Channel Single Top Quark Production

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 04 (2016) 073, 2016.
Inspire Record 1403169 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38092

A first measurement of the top quark spin asymmetry, sensitive to the top quark polarisation, in t-channel single top quark production is presented. It is based on a sample of pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 inverse-femtobarns. A high-purity sample of t-channel single top quark events with an isolated muon is selected. Signal and background components are estimated using a fit to data. A differential cross section measurement, corrected for detector effects, of an angular observable sensitive to the top quark polarisation is performed. The differential distribution is used to extract a top quark spin asymmetry of 0.26 +/- 0.03 (stat) +/- 0.10 (syst), which is compatible with a p-value of 4.6% with the standard model prediction of 0.44.

4 data tables

The normalized differential cross section as a function of unfolded $\cos\theta_{\mu}^{*}$ for top quark.

The normalized differential cross section as a function of unfolded $\cos\theta_{\mu}^{*}$ for top antiquark.

The normalized differential cross section as a function of unfolded $\cos\theta_{\mu}^{*}$ for top quark and antiquark.

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Transverse momentum spectra of inclusive b jets in pPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = $ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 754 (2016) 59, 2016.
Inspire Record 1397180 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.72511

We present a measurement of b jet transverse momentum (pt) spectra in proton-lead (pPb) collisions using a dataset corresponding to about 35 inverse nanobarns collected with the CMS detector at the LHC. Jets from b quark fragmentation are found by exploiting the long lifetime of hadrons containing a b quark through tagging methods using distributions of the secondary vertex mass and displacement. Extracted cross sections for b jets are scaled by the effective number of nucleon-nucleon collisions and are compared to a reference obtained from PYTHIA simulations of pp collisions. The PYTHIA-based estimate of the nuclear modification factor is found to be 1.22 +/- 0.15 (stat + syst pPb) +/- 0.27 (syst PYTHIA) averaged over all jets with pt between 55 and 400 GeV/c and with abs(eta[lab]) < 2. We also compare this result to predictions from models using perturbative calculations in quantum chromodynamics.

17 data tables

Distributions of the JP tagger discriminator before applying the SSV tagger selection.

Distributions of the JP tagger discriminator after applying the SSV tagger selection.

Distributions of the b-tagging efficiency as a function of the mistag rate of light jets for pp collisions in a PYTHIA simulation.

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Measurement of $\mathrm {t}\overline{\mathrm {t}}$ production with additional jet activity, including $\mathrm {b}$ quark jets, in the dilepton decay channel using pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 76 (2016) 379, 2016.
Inspire Record 1397174 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.70880

Jet multiplicity distributions in top quark pair (t t-bar) events are measured in pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC using a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 inverse femtobarns. The measurement is performed in the dilepton decay channels (e+ e-, mu+ mu-, and e+/- mu-/+). The absolute and normalized differential cross sections for t t-bar production are measured as a function of the jet multiplicity in the event for different jet transverse momentum thresholds and the kinematic properties of the leading additional jets. The differential t t-bar b and t t-bar b b-bar cross sections are presented for the first time as a function of the kinematic properties of the leading additional b jets. Furthermore, the fraction of events without additional jets above a threshold is measured as a function of the transverse momenta of the leading additional jets and the scalar sum of the transverse momenta of all additional jets. The data are compared and found to be consistent with predictions from several perturbative quantum chromodynamics event generators and a next-to-leading order calculation.

76 data tables

Absolute differential ttbar cross sections as a function of the jet multiplicity for jets with pt > 30GeV, along with their statistical and systematic uncertainties. The results are presented at the particle level in the visible phase space of the ttbar decay products and the additional jets.

Normalized differential ttbar cross sections as a function of the jet multiplicity for jets with pt > 30GeV, along with their statistical and systematic uncertainties. The results are presented at the particle level in the visible phase space of the ttbar decay products and the additional jets.

Absolute differential ttbar cross sections as a function of the jet multiplicity for jets with pt > 60GeV, along with their statistical and systematic uncertainties. The results are presented at the particle level in the visible phase space of the ttbar decay products and the additional jets.

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Study of B Meson Production in p$+$Pb Collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=5.02$ TeV Using Exclusive Hadronic Decays

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 116 (2016) 032301, 2016.
Inspire Record 1390110 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.71407

The production cross sections of the B+, B0, and B0s mesons, and of their charge conjugates, are measured via exclusive hadronic decays in pPb collisions at the center-of-mass energy sqrt(s_NN) = 5.02 TeV with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC. The data set used for this analysis corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 34.6 inverse nanobarns. The production cross sections are measured in the transverse momentum range between 10 and 60 GeV/c. No significant modification is observed compared to proton-proton perturbative QCD calculations scaled by the number of incoherent nucleon-nucleon collisions. These results provide a baseline for the study of in-medium b quark energy loss in PbPb collisions.

8 data tables

The measured $p_{\rm{T}}$-differential production cross section of $B^{+}$ in $p$ + Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 5.02$ TeV, together with the cross section calculated by the FONLL model.

The measured $p_{\rm{T}}$-differential production cross section of $B^{0}$ in $p$ + Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 5.02$ TeV, together with the cross section calculated by the FONLL model.

The measured $p_{\rm{T}}$-differential production cross section of $B_{s}^{0}$ in $p$ + Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 5.02$ TeV, together with the cross section calculated by the FONLL model.

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Comparison of the Z/$\gamma$$^{∗}$ + jets to $\gamma$ + jets cross sections in pp collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=8 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 10 (2015) 128, 2015.
Inspire Record 1372730 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.72989

A comparison of the differential cross sections for the processes Z/gamma* + jets and photon (gamma) + jets is presented. The measurements are based on data collected with the CMS detector at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 inverse femtobarns. The differential cross sections and their ratios are presented as functions of pt. The measurements are also shown as functions of the jet multiplicity. Differential cross sections are obtained as functions of the ratio of the Z/gamma* pt to the sum of all jet transverse momenta and of the ratio of the Z/gamma* pt to the leading jet transverse momentum. The data are corrected for detector effects and are compared to simulations based on several QCD calculations.

14 data tables

The Z boson differential transverse momentum cross-section in an inclusive $Z/\gamma^{*}+\mathrm{jets}$, $N_{\mathrm{jets}} \geq1$ selection.

The $\gamma$ differential transverse momentum cross-section in an inclusive $\gamma+\mathrm{jets}$, $N_{\mathrm{jets}} \geq1$ selection for central rapidities $\vert y_{\gamma} \vert > 1.4$.

The Z boson differential transverse momentum cross-section in an inclusive $Z/\gamma^{*}+\mathrm{jets}$, $N_{\mathrm{jets}} \geq2$ selection.

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Measurement of the differential cross section for top quark pair production in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 8\,\text {TeV} $

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 75 (2015) 542, 2015.
Inspire Record 1370682 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.68516

The normalized differential cross section for top quark pair (tt-bar) production is measured in pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV at the CERN LHC using the CMS detector in data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 inverse femtobarns. The measurements are performed in the lepton + jets (e/mu + jets) and in the dilepton (e+e-, mu+mu-, and e+-mu-+) decay channels. The tt-bar cross section is measured as a function of the kinematic properties of the charged leptons, the jets associated to b quarks, the top quarks, and the tt-bar system. The data are compared with several predictions from perturbative quantum chromodynamics up to approximate next-to-next-to-leading-order precision. No significant deviations are observed relative to the standard model predictions.

50 data tables

Normalized differential tt cross section (from l+jets channel) as a function of the transverse momentum pt of the lepton. The results are presented at particle level in the fiducial phase space. The statistical and systematic uncertainties are added in quadrature to yield the total uncertainty.

Normalized differential tt cross section (from l+jets channel) as a function of the pseudo-rapidity of the lepton. The results are presented at particle level in the fiducial phase space. The statistical and systematic uncertainties are added in quadrature to yield the total uncertainty.

Normalized differential tt cross section (from l+jets channel) as a function of the transverse momentum pt(b-jet) of the b-jet. The results are presented at particle level in the fiducial phase space. The statistical and systematic uncertainties are added in quadrature to yield the total uncertainty.

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Study of W boson production in pPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}} =$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 750 (2015) 565-586, 2015.
Inspire Record 1353541 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.69232

The first study of W boson production in pPb collisions is presented, for bosons decaying to a muon or electron, and a neutrino. The measurements are based on a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 34.6 inverse nanobarns at a nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass energy of sqrt(s[NN]) = 5.02 TeV, collected by the CMS experiment. The W boson differential cross sections, lepton charge asymmetry, and forward-backward asymmetries are measured for leptons of transverse momentum exceeding 25 GeV, and as a function of the lepton pseudorapidity in the abs(eta[lab]) < 2.4 range. Deviations from the expectations based on currently available parton distribution functions are observed, showing the need for including W boson data in nuclear parton distribution global fits.

6 data tables

Lepton charge asymmetry, $(N_{\ell}^+ - N_{\ell}^-)/(N_{\ell}^+ + N_{\ell}^-)$ as a function of the lepton pseudorapidity.

Production cross section for $\textrm{pPb} \to W^+ + X \to \ell \nu + X$ for positively (top) and negatively (bottom) charged leptons of $p_T$ larger than 25 GeV$/c$, in nanobarns, as a function of the lepton pseudorapidity. Values are given first for muons and electrons separately, then combined. The global normalization uncertainty of 3.5\% is not included in the listed uncertainties.

Production cross section for $\textrm{pPb} \to W^- + X \to \ell \nu + X$ for positively (top) and negatively (bottom) charged leptons of $p_T$ larger than 25 GeV$/c$, in nanobarns, as a function of the lepton pseudorapidity. Values are given first for muons and electrons separately, then combined. The global normalization uncertainty of 3.5\% is not included in the listed uncertainties.

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Study of Final-State Radiation in Decays of Z Bosons Produced in $pp$ Collisions at 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 91 (2015) 092012, 2015.
Inspire Record 1346843 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.67634

The differential cross sections for the production of photons in Z to mu+ mu- gamma decays are presented as a function of the transverse energy of the photon and its separation from the nearest muon. The data for these measurements were collected with the CMS detector and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 4.7 inverse femtobarns of pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV delivered by the CERN LHC. The cross sections are compared to simulations with POWHEG and PYTHIA, where PYTHIA is used to simulate parton showers and final-state photons. These simulations match the data to better than 5%.

8 data tables

Measured differential cross section dsigma/dET in pb/GeV. For the data values, the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. For the theory values, the uncertainty combines statistical, PDF, and renormalization/factorization scale components.

Measured differential cross section dsigma/dET in pb/GeV given (0.05 < DeltaR < 0.5). For the data values, the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. For the theory values, the uncertainty combines statistical, PDF, and renormalization/factorization scale components.

Measured differential cross section dsigma/dET in pb/GeV given (0.5 < DeltaR < 3.0). For the data values, the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. For the theory values, the uncertainty combines statistical, PDF, and renormalization/factorization scale components.

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Measurement of the Zγ Production Cross Section in pp Collisions at 8 TeV and Search for Anomalous Triple Gauge Boson Couplings

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 04 (2015) 164, 2015.
Inspire Record 1345354 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66985

The cross section for the production of Z gamma in proton-proton collisions at 8 TeV is measured based on data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.5 inverse femtobarns. Events with an oppositely-charged pair of muons or electrons together with an isolated photon are selected. The differential cross section as a function of the photon transverse momentum is measured inclusively and exclusively, where the exclusive selection applies a veto on central jets. The observed cross sections are compatible with the expectations of next-to-next-to-leading-order quantum chromodynamics. Limits on anomalous triple gauge couplings of Z Z gamma and Z gamma gamma are set that improve on previous experimental results obtained with the charged lepton decay modes of the Z boson.

4 data tables

Inclusive fiducial cross sections in bins of pT(gamma) with statistical, systematic, and luminosity uncertainties, respectivley. Results are not divided by bin-widths. The last bin is the cross section for pT(gamma) > 120 GeV. Combined result of electron and muon channels.

Fiducial cross sections with jet-veto in bins of pT(gamma) with statistical, systematic, and luminosity uncertainties, respectivley. Results are not divided by bin-widths. The last bin is the cross section for pT(gamma) > 120 GeV. Combined result of electron and muon channels.

Ratio of fiducial cross section with jet-veto and the inclusive cross section in bins of pT(gamma). The last bin is the cross section for pT(gamma) > 120 GeV. Combined result of electron and muon channels.

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Measurements of the $\Upsilon$(1S), $\Upsilon$(2S), and $\Upsilon$(3S) differential cross sections in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 749 (2015) 14-34, 2015.
Inspire Record 1342266 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64486

Differential cross sections as a function of transverse momentum pt are presented for the production of Y(nS) (n = 1, 2, 3) states decaying into a pair of muons. Data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 4.9 inverse femtobarns in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV were collected with the CMS detector at the LHC. The analysis selects events with dimuon rapidity abs(y) < 1.2 and dimuon transverse momentum in the range 10 < pt < 100 GeV. The measurements show a transition from an exponential to a power-law behavior at pt ~ 20 GeV for the three Y states. Above that transition, the Y spectrum is significantly harder than that of the Y(1S) and Y(2S). The ratios of the Y(3S) and Y(2S) differential cross sections to the Y(1S) cross section show a rise as pt increases at low pt, then become flatter at higher pt.

15 data tables

The $p_{\rm T}$ bin width, the weighted mean $p_{\rm T}$ within a bin, and the differential cross section times the dimuon branching fraction for the $\Upsilon$(1S), $\Upsilon$(2S), and $\Upsilon$(3S) with $0 < |y| < 0.6$. The statistical and systematic uncertainties in the differential cross section are given as the percentage of the cross section.

The $p_{\rm T}$ bin width, the weighted mean $p_{\rm T}$ within a bin, and the differential cross section times the dimuon branching fraction for the $\Upsilon$(1S), $\Upsilon$(2S), and $\Upsilon$(3S) with $0.6 < |y| < 1.2$. The statistical and systematic uncertainties in the differential cross section are given as the percentage of the cross section.

The $p_{\rm T}$ bin width, the weighted mean $p_{\rm T}$ within a bin, and the differential cross section times the dimuon branching fraction for the $\Upsilon$(1S), $\Upsilon$(2S), and $\Upsilon$(3S) with $|y| < 1.2$. The statistical and systematic uncertainties in the differential cross section are given as the percentage of the cross section.

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Measurements of differential and double-differential Drell-Yan cross sections in proton-proton collisions at 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 75 (2015) 147, 2015.
Inspire Record 1332509 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.69869

Measurements of the differential and double-differential Drell-Yan cross sections in the dielectron and dimuon channels are presented. They are based on proton-proton collision data at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV recorded with the CMS detector at the LHC and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 inverse femtobarns. The measured inclusive cross section in the Z peak region (60-120 GeV), obtained from the combination of the dielectron and dimuon channels, is 1138 +/- 8 (exp) +/- 25 (theo) +/- 30 (lumi) pb, where the statistical uncertainty is negligible. The differential cross section d(sigma)/d(m) in the dilepton mass range 15 to 2000 GeV is measured and corrected to the full phase space. The double-differential cross section d2(sigma)/d(m)d(abs(y)) is also measured over the mass range 20 to 1500 GeV and absolute dilepton rapidity from 0 to 2.4. In addition, the ratios of the normalized differential cross sections measured at sqrt(s) = 7 and 8 TeV are presented. These measurements are compared to the predictions of perturbative QCD at next-to-leading and next-to-next-to-leading (NNLO) orders using various sets of parton distribution functions (PDFs). The results agree with the NNLO theoretical predictions computed with FEWZ 3.1 using the CT10 NNLO and NNPDF2.1 NNLO PDFs. The measured double-differential cross section and ratio of normalized differential cross sections are sufficiently precise to constrain the proton PDFs.

15 data tables

Absolute Drell-Yan cross section measurements in the Z peak region (60 < m < 120 GeV). The uncertainties in the measurements include the experimental and theoretical systematic sources and the uncertainty in the integrated luminosity. The statistical component is negligible.

The Drell-Yan differential pre-FSR cross section D(SIG)/DM as measured in the combined dilepton channel for the full phase space. Theoretical uncertainty on acceptance is included.

The Drell-Yan pre-FSR dilepton rapidity distribution D(SIG)/DABS(YRAP) within the detector acceptance, for the mass bin 20-30 GeV, as measured in the combined dilepton channel.

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Search for quark contact interactions and extra spatial dimensions using dijet angular distributions in proton–proton collisions at $\sqrt s =$ 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 746 (2015) 79-99, 2015.
Inspire Record 1327224 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.68776

A search is presented for quark contact interactions and extra spatial dimensions in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV using dijet angular distributions. The search is based on a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 inverse femtobarns collected by the CMS detector at the CERN LHC. Dijet angular distributions are found to be in agreement with the perturbative QCD predictions that include electroweak corrections. Limits on the contact interaction scale from a variety of models at next-to-leading order in QCD corrections are obtained. A benchmark model in which only left-handed quarks participate is excluded up to a scale of 9.0 (11.7) TeV for destructive (constructive) interference at 95% confidence level. Lower limits between 5.9 and 8.4 TeV on the scale of virtual graviton exchange are extracted for the Arkani-Hamed--Dimopoulos--Dvali model of extra spatial dimensions.

5 data tables

Measured dijet angular distributions in bin of dijet invariant mass. P=3 and P=4 refers to the two jets in the final state.

Measured dijet angular distributions in bin of dijet invariant mass.P=3 and P=4 refers to the two jets in the final state.

Measured dijet angular distributions in bin of dijet invariant mass. P=3 and P=4 refers to the two jets in the final state.

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Study of Z production in PbPb and pp collisions at $ \sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=2.76 $ TeV in the dimuon and dielectron decay channels

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
JHEP 03 (2015) 022, 2015.
Inspire Record 1322726 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66612

The production of Z bosons is studied in the dimuon and dielectron decay channels in PbPb and pp collisions at sqrt(s[NN]) = 2.76 TeV, using data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The PbPb data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of about 150 inverse microbarns, while the pp data sample collected in 2013 at the same nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass energy has an integrated luminosity of 5.4 inverse picobarns. The Z boson yield is measured as a function of rapidity, transverse momentum, and collision centrality. The ratio of PbPb to pp yields, scaled by the number of inelastic nucleon-nucleon collisions, is found to be 1.06 +/- 0.05 (stat) +/- 0.08 (syst) in the dimuon channel and 1.02 +/- 0.08 (stat) +/- 0.15 (syst) in the dielectron channel, for centrality-integrated Z boson production. This binary collision scaling is seen to hold in the entire kinematic region studied, as expected for a colourless probe that is unaffected by the hot and dense QCD medium produced in heavy ion collisions.

15 data tables

The measured Z boson production cross section in pp collisions as a function of the Z boson pT for the dimuon decay channel in |y|<2.0.

The measured Z boson production cross section in pp collisions as a function of the Z boson pT for the dielectron decay channel in |y|<1.44.

The measured Z boson production cross section in pp collisions as a function of the Z boson rapidity for the dimuon decay channel.

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Search for Monotop Signatures in Proton-Proton Collisions at $\sqrt s =$ 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 114 (2015) 101801, 2015.
Inspire Record 1320560 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66092

Results are presented from a search for new decaying massive particles whose presence is inferred from an imbalance in transverse momentum and which are produced in association with a single top quark that decays into a bottom quark and two light quarks. The measurement is performed using 19.7 inverse femtobarns of data from proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 8 TeV, collected with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC. No deviations from the standard model predictions are observed and lower limits are set on the masses of new invisible bosons. In particular, scalar and vector particles, with masses below 330 and 650 GeV, respectively, are excluded at 95% confidence level, thus substantially extending a previous limit published by the CDF Collaboration.

3 data tables

The invariant mass of the three jets prior to the selection on their mass to be less than 250 GeV, for events with one b-tagged jet. Data are compared to the simulated backgrounds. The expectation from a model for an invisible vector particle with a mass of 700 GeV is represented by the dashed line.

The 95% CL expected and observed CLS limits as functions of the mass of a scalar invisible particle. The expected magnitude of a signal as a function of mass, calculated at leading order, is shown by the dashed curve. The confidence intervals for the expected limit are given at 68% and 95% coverage probability. Information about functional form used for the signal (labeled "scalar signal" in the paper): F = 7.52936*exp(-(0.0070828*(x^1.02681))), where x = M.

The 95% CL expected and observed CLS limits as functions of the mass of a vector invisible particle. The expected magnitude of a signal as a function of mass, calculated at leading order, is shown by the dashed curve. The confidence intervals for the expected limit are given at 68% and 95% coverage probability. Information about functional form used for the signal (labeled "vector signal" in the paper): F = 1390.91*exp(-(0.397971*(x^0.477721))), where x = M.


Measurements of jet multiplicity and differential production cross sections of $Z +$ jets events in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 91 (2015) 052008, 2015.
Inspire Record 1310737 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.67635

Measurements of differential cross sections are presented for the production of a Z boson and at least one hadronic jet in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV, recorded by the CMS detector, using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 4.9 inverse femtobarns. The jet multiplicity distribution is measured for up to six jets. The differential cross sections are measured as a function of jet transverse momentum and pseudorapidity for the four highest transverse momentum jets. The distribution of the scalar sum of jet transverse momenta is also measured as a function of the jet multiplicity. The measurements are compared with theoretical predictions at leading and next-to-leading order in perturbative QCD.

14 data tables

The cross section measurement as a function of the exclusive jet multiplicity, for jet multiplicities of up to 6.

The cross section measurement as a function of the inclusive jet multiplicity, for jet multiplicities of up to 6.

The cross section measurement as a function of the transverse momentum of the leading jet.

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Study of Hadronic Event-Shape Variables in Multijet Final States in pp Collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 10 (2014) 087, 2014.
Inspire Record 1305624 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66571

Event-shape variables, which are sensitive to perturbative and nonperturbative aspects of quantum chromodynamic (QCD) interactions, are studied in multijet events recorded in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV. Events are selected with at least one jet with transverse momentum pt > 110 GeV and pseudorapidity abs(eta) < 2.4, in a data sample corresponding to integrated luminosities of up to 5 inverse femtobarns. The distributions of five event-shape variables in various leading jet pt ranges are compared to predictions from different QCD Monte Carlo event generators.

25 data tables

Transverse thrust for $110 < p_{T,1} < 170$ GeV.

Transverse thrust for $170 < p_{T,1} < 250$ GeV.

Transverse thrust for $250 < p_{T,1} < 320$ GeV.

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Differential Cross Section Measurements for the Production of a W Boson in Association with Jets in Proton–Proton Collisions at $\sqrt s=7$ TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 741 (2015) 12-37, 2015.
Inspire Record 1303894 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.67318

Measurements are reported of differential cross sections for the production of a W boson, which decays into a muon and a neutrino, in association with jets, as a function of several variables, including the transverse momenta (pt) and pseudorapidities of the four leading jets, the scalar sum of jet transverse momenta (HT), and the difference in azimuthal angle between the directions of each jet and the muon. The data sample of pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV was collected with the CMS detector at the LHC and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 5.0 inverse femtobarns. The measured cross sections are compared to predictions from Monte Carlo generators, MADGRAPH + PYTHIA and SHERPA, and to next-to-leading-order calculations from BLACKHAT + SHERPA. The differential cross sections are found to be in agreement with the predictions, apart from the pt distributions of the leading jets at high pt values, the distributions of the HT at high-HT and low jet multiplicity, and the distribution of the difference in azimuthal angle between the leading jet and the muon at low values.

18 data tables

The cross section measurement as a function of the exclusive jet multiplicity, for jet multiplicities of up to 6.

The cross section measurement as a function of the inclusive jet multiplicity, for jet multiplicities of up to 6.

The differential cross section measurement as a function of the transverse momentum of the first leading jet.

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