Measurements of Z bosons plus jets using variables sensitive to double parton scattering in pp collisions at 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Andrejkovic, Janik Walter ; et al.
CMS-SMP-20-009, 2021.
Inspire Record 1866118 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.110665

Double parton scattering is investigated using events with a Z boson and jets. The measurements are performed with proton-proton collision data recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$ collected in the year 2016. Differential cross sections of Z + $\geq$1 jet and Z + $\geq$2 jets are measured with transverse momentum of the jets above 20 GeV and pseudorapidity $|\eta|\lt$ 2.4. Several distributions with sensitivity to double parton scattering effects are measured as functions of the angle and the transverse momentum imbalance between the Z boson and the jets. The measured distributions are compared with predictions from several event generators with different hadronization models and different parameter settings for multiparton interactions. The measured distributions show a dependence on the hadronization and multiparton interaction simulation parameters, and are important input for future improvements of the simulations.

25 data tables

Differential cross sections as function of Delta Phi between Z boson and the leading jet for Z+ ≥ 1 jet events.

Differential cross sections as function of transverse momentum imbalance between Z boson and the leading jet for Z+ ≥ 1 jet events.

Differential cross sections as function of Delta Phi between Z boson and dijet for Z+ ≥ 2 jets events.

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Study of Drell-Yan dimuon production in proton-lead collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 8.16 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 05 (2021) 182, 2021.
Inspire Record 1849180 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88292

Differential cross sections for the Drell-Yan process, including Z boson production, using the dimuon decay channel are measured in proton-lead (pPb) collisions at a nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass energy of 8.16 TeV. A data sample recorded with the CMS detector at the LHC is used, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 173 nb$^{-1}$. The differential cross section as a function of the dimuon mass is measured in the range 15-600 GeV, for the first time in proton-nucleus collisions. It is also reported as a function of dimuon rapidity over the mass ranges 15-60 GeV and 60-120 GeV, and ratios for the p-going over the Pb-going beam directions are built. In both mass ranges, the differential cross sections as functions of the dimuon transverse momentum $p_\mathrm{T}$ and of a geometric variable $\phi^*$ are measured, where $\phi^*$ highly correlates with $p_\mathrm{T}$ but is determined with higher precision. In the Z mass region, the rapidity dependence of the data indicate a modification of the distribution of partons within a lead nucleus as compared to the proton case. The data are more precise than predictions based upon current models of parton distributions.

28 data tables

Differential fiducial cross section (without the acceptance correction) for the DY process measured in the muon channel, as a function of dimuon invariant mass. The quoted error is the quadratic sum of the statistical and systematic uncertainties. The global normalisation uncertainty of 3.5% is listed separately.

Differential fiducial cross section (without the acceptance correction) for the DY process measured in the muon channel, as a function of rapidity in the centre-of-mass frame for $15<m_{\mu\mu}<60$ GeV. The quoted error is the quadratic sum of the statistical and systematic uncertainties. The global normalisation uncertainty of 3.5% is listed separately.

Differential fiducial cross section (without the acceptance correction) for the DY process measured in the muon channel, as a function of rapidity in the centre-of-mass frame for $60<m_{\mu\mu}<120$ GeV. The quoted error is the quadratic sum of the statistical and systematic uncertainties. The global normalisation uncertainty of 3.5% is listed separately.

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Measurement of the differential Drell-Yan cross section in proton-proton collisions at $ \sqrt{\mathrm{s}} $ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 12 (2019) 059, 2019.
Inspire Record 1711625 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88043

Measurements of the differential cross section for the Drell-Yan process, based on proton-proton collision data at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, collected by the CMS experiment, are presented. The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 2.8 (2.3) fb$^{-1}$ in the dimuon (dielectron) channel. The total and fiducial cross section measurements are presented as a function of dilepton invariant mass in the range 15 to 3000 GeV, and compared with the perturbative predictions of the standard model. The measured differential cross sections are in good agreement with the theoretical calculations.

10 data tables

Summary of the systematic uncertainties (%) for the $ d\sigma / d{m}$ (pb/GeV) measurement in the dimuon channel. The column labelled "Total" corresponds to the quadratic sum of all the experimental sources, except for that Acceptance+PDF.

Summary of the systematic uncertainties (%) for the $ d\sigma / d{m}$ (pb/GeV) measurement in the dielectron channel. The column labelled "Total" corresponds to the quadratic sum of all the experimental sources, except for that Acceptance+PDF.

Summary of the measured values of $ d\sigma / d{m}$ (pb/GeV) in the dimuon channel with the statistical ($\delta_{\text{stat}}$), experimental ($\delta_{\text{exp}}$) and theoretical ($\delta_{\text{theo}}$) uncertainties, respectively. Here, $\delta_{\text{tot}}$ is the quadratic sum of the three components.

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Measurement of differential cross sections for Z boson production in association with jets in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 78 (2018) 965, 2018.
Inspire Record 1667854 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.91404

The production of a Z boson, decaying to two charged leptons, in association with jets in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV is measured. Data recorded with the CMS detector at the LHC are used that correspond to an integrated luminosity of 2.19 fb$^{-1}$. The cross section is measured as a function of the jet multiplicity and its dependence on the transverse momentum of the Z boson, the jet kinematic variables (transverse momentum and rapidity), the scalar sum of the jet momenta, which quantifies the hadronic activity, and the balance in transverse momentum between the reconstructed jet recoil and the Z boson. The measurements are compared with predictions from four different calculations. The first two merge matrix elements with different parton multiplicities in the final state and parton showering, one of which includes one-loop corrections. The third is a fixed-order calculation with next-to-next-to-leading order accuracy for the process with a Z boson and one parton in the final state. The fourth combines the fully differential next-to-next-to-leading order calculation with next-to-next-to-leading logarithm resummation and parton showering.

36 data tables

Measured cross section for Z+jets as a function of the exclusive jet multiplicity, $N_{\text{jets}}$, and breakdown of the relative uncertainty.

Bin-to-bin correlation in the measured cross section for Z+jets as a function of the exclusive jet multiplicity, $N_{\text{jets}}$.

Measured cross section for Z+jets as a function of inclusive jet multiplicity, $N_{\text{jets}}^{\text{min}}$, and breakdown of the relative uncertainty.

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Measurement of differential cross sections in the kinematic angular variable $\phi^*$ for inclusive Z boson production in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, A.M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 03 (2018) 172, 2018.
Inspire Record 1631985 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.79875

Measurements of differential cross sections d$\sigma$/d$\phi^*$ and double-differential cross sections d$^2\sigma$/d$\phi^*\,$d$|y|$ for inclusive Z boson production are presented using the dielectron and dimuon final states. The kinematic observable $\phi^*$ correlates with the dilepton transverse momentum but has better resolution, and $y$ is the dilepton rapidity. The analysis is based on data collected with the CMS experiment at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 fb$^{-1}$. The normalised cross section (1/$\sigma$)$\,$d$\sigma$/d$\phi^*$, within the fiducial kinematic region, is measured with a precision of better than 0.5% for $\phi^*$ < 1. The measurements are compared to theoretical predictions and they agree, typically, within few percent.

8 data tables

The absolute differential cross section within the fiducial region as a function of the $\phi^*$ (phi*) variable

The normalized differential cross section within the fiducial region as a function of the $\phi^*$ (phi*) variable

The absolute doubly-differential cross section within the fiducial region as a function of the $\phi^*$ (phi*) variable and rapidity

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Measurements of the $\mathrm {p}\mathrm {p}\rightarrow \mathrm{Z}\mathrm{Z}$ production cross section and the $\mathrm{Z}\rightarrow 4\ell $ branching fraction, and constraints on anomalous triple gauge couplings at $\sqrt{s} = 13\,\text {TeV} $

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 78 (2018) 165, 2018.
Inspire Record 1625296 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.80152

Four-lepton production in proton-proton collisions, $\mathrm{pp}\to (\mathrm{Z}/ \gamma^*)(\mathrm{Z}/\gamma^*) \to 4\ell$, where $\ell = \mathrm{e}$ or $\mu$, is studied at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. The ZZ production cross section, $\sigma(\mathrm{pp} \to \mathrm{Z}\mathrm{Z}) = 17.2 \pm 0.5\text{ (stat) }\pm 0.7\text{ (syst) }\pm 0.4(\mathrm{theo}) \pm 0.4\text{ (lumi)}$ pb, measured using events with two opposite-sign, same-flavor lepton pairs produced in the mass region $60 < m_{\ell^+\ell^-} < $120 GeV, is consistent with standard model predictions. Differential cross sections are measured and are well described by the theoretical predictions. The Z boson branching fraction to four leptons is measured to be $\mathcal{B}(\mathrm{Z}\to 4\ell) = 4.8 \pm 0.2\text{ (stat) }\pm 0.2\text{ (syst) } \pm 0.1\text{ (theo) }\pm 0.1\text{ (lumi) }\times 10^{-6}$ for events with a four-lepton invariant mass in the range 80 $ < m_{4\ell} < $ 100 GeV and a dilepton mass $m_{\ell\ell} > $4 GeV for all opposite-sign, same-flavor lepton pairs. The results agree with standard model predictions. The invariant mass distribution of the four-lepton system is used to set limits on anomalous ZZZ and ZZ$\gamma$ couplings at 95% confidence level: $-0.0012 < f_4^\mathrm{Z} < 0.0010$, $-0.0010 < f_5^\mathrm{Z} < 0.0013$, $-0.0012 < f_4^{\gamma} < 0.0013$, $-0.0012 < f_5^{\gamma} < 0.0013$.

14 data tables

The measured total ZZ cross section using 2016 data. The first systematic uncertainty is the combined systematic uncertainty excluding luminosity and theortical sources, the second is theoretical uncertianty on the extrapolation from the selected region to the total phase space, the third is the luminosity uncertianty

The measured total ZZ cross section using 2015 and 2016. The first systematic uncertainty is the combined systematic uncertainty excluding luminosity and theortical sources, the second is theoretical uncertianty on the extrapolation from the selected region to the total phase space, the third is the luminosity uncertianty

The measured fiducial ZZ cross sections. The first systematic uncertainty is the combined systematic uncertainty excluding luminosity, the second is the luminosity uncertianty

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Measurements of the pp $\to W\gamma\gamma$ and pp $\to Z\gamma\gamma$ cross sections and limits on anomalous quartic gauge couplings at $ \sqrt{s}=8 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, A.M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 10 (2017) 072, 2017.
Inspire Record 1589287 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.79858

Measurements are presented of W gamma gamma and Z gamma gamma production in proton-proton collisions. Fiducial cross sections are reported based on a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.4 inverse femtobarns collected with the CMS detector at a center-of-mass energy of 8 TeV. Signal is identified through the W to l nu and Z to ll decay modes, where l is a muon or an electron. The production of W gamma gamma and Z gamma gamma, measured with significances of 2.6 and 5.9 standard deviations, respectively, is consistent with standard model predictions. In addition, limits on anomalous quartic gauge couplings in W gamma gamma production are determined in the context of a dimension-8 effective field theory.

2 data tables

Measured fiducial cross section for each channel and for the combination of channels for the WGG and ZGG analyses. The first systematic uncertainty is the combined systematic uncertainty excluding luminosity, the second is the luminosity.

Expected and observed 95% CL limits on anomalous quartic gauge couplings. Limits are obtained using WGG events in which the leading photon pT exceeds 70 GeV.


Measurement of the ZZ production cross section and Z $\to \ell^+\ell^-\ell'^+\ell'^-$ branching fraction in pp collisions at $\sqrt s$=13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 763 (2016) 280-303, 2016.
Inspire Record 1478600 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.75368

Four-lepton production in proton-proton collisions, pp to (Z/gamma*)(Z/gamma*) to l+l-l'+l'-, where l, l' = e or mu, is studied at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 2.6 inverse femtobarns. The ZZ production cross section, sigma(pp to ZZ) = 14.6 +1.9/-1.8 (stat) +0.5/-0.3 (syst) +/- 0.2 (theo) +/- 0.4 (lumi) pb, is measured for events with two opposite-sign, same-flavor lepton pairs produced in the mass region 60 < m[l+l-], m[l'+l'-] < 120 GeV. The Z boson branching fraction to four leptons is measured to be B(Z to l+l-l'+l'-) = 4.9 +0.8/-0.7 (stat) +0.3/-0.2 (syst) +0.2/-0.1 (theo) +/- 0.1 (lumi) x E-6 for the four-lepton invariant mass in the range 80 < m[l+l-l'+l'-] < 100 GeV and dilepton mass m[l+l-] > 4 GeV for all opposite-sign, same-flavor lepton pairs. The results are in agreement with standard model predictions.

5 data tables

The (P P to Z Z to l+l-l'+l'-) fiducial cross section. The first systematic uncertainty is detector systematics, the second is luminosity uncertainty. The theoretical prediction is POWHEG generated at NLO plus the gluon-gluon initial state contribution from MCFM, using NNPDF3.0 PDFs and scales mu_F = mu_R = 0.5m[l+l-l'+l'-].

The (P P to Z to l+l-l'+l'-) fiducial cross section. The first systematic uncertainty is detector systematics, the second is luminosity uncertainty. The theoretical prediction is POWHEG generated at NLO using NNPDF3.0 PDFs and scales mu_F = mu_R = m[l+l-l'+l'-].

The total (P P to Z) cross section times the (Z to l+l-l'+l'-) branching ratio. The first systematic uncertainty is detector systematics, the second is theoretical uncertainty, and the third is luminosity uncertainty.

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Measurement of the $ \mathrm{ Z } \gamma \rightarrow \nu \bar{\nu} \gamma$ production cross section in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 8 TeV and limits on anomalous $ \mathrm{ ZZ } \gamma$ and $ \mathrm{Z} \gamma \gamma$ trilinear gauge boson couplings

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 760 (2016) 448-468, 2016.
Inspire Record 1423069 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.74458

A measurement of the Z gamma to nu nu-bar gamma production cross section in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV is presented, using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.6 inverse femtobarns collected with the CMS detector at the LHC. This measurement is based on the observation of events with large missing energy and with a single photon with transverse momentum above 145 GeV and absolute pseudorapidity in the range |eta| < 1.44. The measured Z gamma to nu nu-bar gamma production cross section, 52.7 +/- 2.1(stat) +/- 6.4 (syst) +/- 1.4 (lumi) fb, agrees well with the standard model prediction of 50.0 +2.4 -2.2 fb. A study of the photon transverse momentum spectrum yields the most stringent limits to date on the anomalous Z-Z-gamma and Z-gamma-gamma trilinear gauge boson couplings.

2 data tables

Z gamma -> nu nu gamma production cross section.

One-dimensional 95% CL limits on ZVgamma anomalous trilinear gauge couplings from the Z gamma -> nu nu gamma channel.


Study of Z boson production in pPb collisions at $\sqrt {s_{NN}} = 5.02$ TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 759 (2016) 36-57, 2016.
Inspire Record 1410832 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.71358

The production of Z bosons in pPb collisions at sqrt(s[NN]) = 5.02 TeV is studied by the CMS experiment via the electron and muon decay channels. The inclusive cross section is compared to pp collision predictions, and found to scale with the number of elementary nucleon-nucleon collisions. The differential cross sections as a function of the Z boson rapidity and transverse momentum are measured. Though they are found to be consistent within uncertainty with theoretical predictions both with and without nuclear effects, the forward-backward asymmetry suggests the presence of nuclear effects at large rapidities. These results provide new data for constraining nuclear parton distribution functions.

3 data tables

Differential cross section of the Z bosons in pPb collisions as a function of rapidity in the fiducial region for the combined leptonic decay channel.

Forward-backward asymmetry (AFB) distribution of the Z bosons in pPb collisions as a function of rapidity in the fiducial region for the combined leptonic decay channel.

Differential cross section of the Z bosons in pPb collisions as a function of transverse momentum in the fiducial region for the combined leptonic decay channel.