Pseudorapidity distributions of charged hadrons in xenon-xenon collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.44 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2019.
Inspire Record 1719334 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88285

Measurements of the pseudorapidity distributions of charged hadrons produced in xenon-xenon collisions at a nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.44 TeV are presented. The measurements are based on data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The yield of primary charged hadrons produced in xenon-xenon collisions in the pseudorapidity range $|\eta| < $ 3.2 is determined using the silicon pixel detector in the CMS tracking system. For the 5% most central collisions, the charged-hadron pseudorapidity density in the midrapidity region $|\eta| <$ 0.5 is found to be 1187 $\pm$ 36 (syst), with a negligible statistical uncertainty. The rapidity distribution of charged hadrons is also presented in the range $|y| <$ 3.2 and is found to be independent of rapidity around $y =$ 0. Comparisons of charged-hadron multiplicities between xenon-xenon and lead-lead collisions at similar collision energies show that particle production at midrapidity is strongly dependent on the collision geometry in addition to the system size and collision energy.

7 data tables

Averaged and symmetrised charged-hadron pseudorapidity density distributions in XeXe collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 5.44$ TeV, for events in the 0--80\%, 0--5\%, and 50--55\% centrality intervals. The total uncertainty is dominated by the systematic uncertainty, and statistical uncertainties are negligible.

Averaged and symmetrised charged-hadron rapidity density distributions in XeXe collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 5.44$ TeV, for events in the 0--80\% centrality interval. The total uncertainty is dominated by the systematic uncertainty, and statistical uncertainties are negligible.

Charged-hadron pseudorapidity density in XeXe collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 5.44$ TeV at midrapidity as a function of event centrality. The total uncertainty is dominated by the systematic uncertainty, and statistical uncertainties are negligible.

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Search for vector-like quarks in events with two oppositely charged leptons and jets in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J., 2018.
Inspire Record 1711260 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85746

A search for the pair production of heavy vector-like partners T and B of the top and bottom quarks has been performed by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC using proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV. The data sample was collected in 2016 and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. Final states studied for $\mathrm{T\overline{T}}$ production include those where one of the T quarks decays via T$\to$tZ and the other via T$\to$bW, tZ, or tH, where H is a Higgs boson. For the $\mathrm{B\overline{B}}$ case, final states include those where one of the B quarks decays via B$\to$bZ and the other B$\to$tW, bZ, or bH. Events with two oppositely charged electrons or muons, consistent with coming from the decay of a Z boson, and jets are investigated. The number of observed events is consistent with standard model background estimations. Lower limits at 95% confidence level are placed on the masses of the T and B quarks for a range of branching fractions. Assuming 100% branching fractions for T$\to$tZ, and B$\to$bZ, T and B quark mass values below 1280 and 1130 GeV, respectively, are excluded.

19 data tables

The $S_{\rm T}$ distribution for group A before fitting.

The $S_{\rm T}$ distribution for group B before fitting.

The $S_{\rm T}$ distribution for group C before fitting.

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Search for long-lived particles decaying into displaced jets in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D99 (2019) 032011, 2019.
Inspire Record 1704319 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88880

A search for long-lived particles decaying into jets is presented. Data were collected with the CMS detector at the LHC from proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV in 2016, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9  fb-1. The search examines the distinctive topology of displaced tracks and secondary vertices. The selected events are found to be consistent with standard model predictions. For a simplified model in which long-lived neutral particles are pair produced and decay to two jets, pair production cross sections larger than 0.2 fb are excluded at 95% confidence level for a long-lived particle mass larger than 1000 GeV and proper decay lengths between 3 and 130 mm. Several supersymmetry models with gauge-mediated supersymmetry breaking or R-parity violation, where pair-produced long-lived gluinos or top squarks decay to several final-state topologies containing displaced jets, are also tested. For these models, in the mass ranges above 200 GeV, gluino masses up to 2300–2400 GeV and top squark masses up to 1350–1600 GeV are excluded for proper decay lengths approximately between 10 and 100 mm. These are the most restrictive limits to date on these models.

18 data tables

The distributions of vertex track multiplicity for data, simulated QCD multijet events, and simulated signal events. Data and simulated events are selected with the displaced-jet trigger. The offline $H_{T}$ is required to be larger than 400 $\mathrm{GeV}$, and the jets are required to have $p_{T}>50\ \mathrm{GeV}$ and $|\eta|<2.0$. Three benchmark signal distributions are shown (dashed lines) for the jet-jet model with $m_{X}=300\ \mathrm{GeV}$ and varying lifetimes. For visualization each signal process is given a cross section, $\sigma$, such that $\sigma\ 35.9\ \mathrm{fb}^{-1} = 1 \times 10^{6}$.

The distributions of vertex $L_{xy}$ significance for data, simulated QCD multijet events, and simulated signal events. Data and simulated events are selected with the displaced-jet trigger. The offline $H_{T}$ is required to be larger than 400 $\mathrm{GeV}$, and the jets are required to have $p_{T}>50\mathrm{GeV}$ and $|\eta|<2.0$. Three benchmark signal distributions are shown (dashed lines) for the jet-jet model with $m_{X}=300\ \mathrm{GeV}$ and varying lifetimes. For visualization each signal process is given a cross section, $\sigma$, such that $\sigma\ 35.9 \mathrm{fb}^{-1} = 1 \times 10^{6}$.

The distributions of cluster RMS for data, simulated QCD multijet events, and simulated signal events. Data and simulated events are selected with the displaced-jet trigger. The offline $H_{T}$ is required to be larger than 400 $\mathrm{GeV}$, and the jets are required to have $p_{T}>50\ \mathrm{GeV}$ and $|\eta|<2.0$. Three benchmark signal distributions are shown (dashed lines) for the jet-jet model with $m_{X}=300\ \mathrm{GeV}$ and varying lifetimes. For visualization each signal process is given a cross section, $\sigma$, such that $\sigma\ 35.9\ \mathrm{fb}^{-1} = 1 \times 10^{6}$.

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Search for new particles decaying to a jet and an emerging jet

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1902 (2019) 179, 2019.
Inspire Record 1700173 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88380

A search is performed for events consistent with the pair production of a new heavy particle that acts as a mediator between a dark sector and normal matter, and that decays to a light quark and a new fermion called a dark quark. The search is based on data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 16.1 fb$^{-1}$ from proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2016. The dark quark is charged only under a new quantum-chromodynamics-like force, and forms an "emerging jet" via a parton shower, containing long-lived dark hadrons that give rise to displaced vertices when decaying to standard model hadrons. The data are consistent with the expectation from standard model processes. Limits are set at 95% confidence level excluding dark pion decay lengths between 5 and 225 mm for dark mediators with masses between 400 and 1250 GeV. Decay lengths smaller than 5 mm and greater than 225 mm are also excluded in the lower part of this mass range. The dependence of the limit on the dark pion mass is weak for masses between 1 and 10 GeV. This analysis is the first dedicated search for the pair production of a new particle that decays to a jet and an emerging jet.

10 data tables

Distributions of $\langle IP_{\mathrm{2D}}\rangle$ for background (black) and for signals with a mediator mass of 1 TeV and a dark pion proper decay length of 25 mm, for various dark pion masses.

Distributions of $\alpha_\mathrm{3D}$ for background (black) and for signals with a mediator mass of 1 TeV and a dark pion mass of 5 GeV for dark pion proper decay lengths ranging from 1 to 300 mm.

The signal acceptance A, defined as the fraction of simulated signal events passing the selection criteria, for models with a dark pion mass $m_{\pi_\mathrm{DK}}$ of 5 GeV as a function of the mediator mass $m_{\mathrm{X_{DK}}}$ and the dark pion proper decay length $c\tau_{\pi_\mathrm{DK}}$. The corresponding selection set number for each model is indicated as text on the plot.

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Search for top quark partners with charge 5/3 in the same-sign dilepton and single-lepton final states in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP, 2018.
Inspire Record 1697570 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85767

A search for the pair production of heavy fermionic partners of the top quark with charge 5/3 (X$_{5/3}$) is performed in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC. The data sample analyzed corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. The X$_{5/3}$ quark is assumed always to decay into a top quark and a W boson. Both the right-handed and left-handed X$_{5/3}$ couplings to the W boson are considered. Final states with either a pair of same-sign leptons or a single lepton are studied. No significant excess of events is observed above the expected standard model background. Lower limits at 95% confidence level on the X$_{5/3}$ quark mass are set at 1.33 and 1.30 TeV respectively for the case of right-handed and left-handed couplings to W bosons in a combination of the same-sign dilepton and single-lepton final states.

19 data tables

Summary of yields from simulated prompt same-sign dilepton (SSP MC), same-sign nonprompt (Nonprompt), and opposite-sign prompt (ChargeMisID) backgrounds after the full analysis selection. Also shown are the number of expected events for an RH $X_{5/3}$ particle with a mass of 1 TeV. The uncertainties include both statistical and all systematic components (as described in Section 8). The number of events and uncertainties correspond to the background- only fit to data for the background, while for the signal they are based on the yields before the fit to data.

Distributions of $\min[M(\ell,\mathrm{b})]$ in the $\mathrm{t\overline{t}}$ control region, for 1 b-tagged jet category. Example signal distributions are also shown. The background distributions correspond to background-only fit to data while signal distributions are before the fit to data. Electron and muon event samples are combined. The last bin includes overflow events and its content is divided by the bin width. The distributions in each category have variable-size bins, chosen so that the statistical uncertainty in the total background in each bin is less than 30%. The lower panel in each plot shows the difference between the observed and the predicted numbers of events in that bin divided by the total uncertainty. The total uncertainty is calculated as the sum in quadrature of the statistical uncertainty in the observed measurement and the statistical and systematic uncertainties in the background-only fit to data.

Distributions of $\min[M(\ell,\mathrm{b})]$ in the $\mathrm{t\overline{t}}$ control region, for 2 or more b-tagged jet category. Example signal distributions are also shown. The background distributions correspond to background-only fit to data while signal distributions are before the fit to data. Electron and muon event samples are combined. The last bin includes overflow events and its content is divided by the bin width. The distributions in each category have variable-size bins, chosen so that the statistical uncertainty in the total background in each bin is less than 30%. The lower panel in each plot shows the difference between the observed and the predicted numbers of events in that bin divided by the total uncertainty. The total uncertainty is calculated as the sum in quadrature of the statistical uncertainty in the observed measurement and the statistical and systematic uncertainties in the background-only fit to data.

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Jet shapes of isolated photon-tagged jets in PbPb and pp collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett., 2018.
Inspire Record 1695278 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85627

We report the first measurement of jet shapes for jets tagged with an isolated photon in pp and heavy-ion collisions. Jet shapes give crucial information on the evolution of parton shower in the plane transverse to parton's propagation. Photons constrain the associated parton's flavor and, not interacting with the QCD matter, provide precise information about the parton's momentum before traversing the medium. With this experimental control, available only with samples delivered by the LHC, jet shapes are observed to be strongly modified in the hot QCD medium, the results impose unprecedented constraints on theories for parton-medium interactions.

9 data tables

The differential jet shape, $\rho(r)$, for jets associated with an isolated photon in pp collisions.

The differential jet shape, $\rho(r)$, for jets associated with an isolated photon in 50-100% centrality PbPb collisions.

The differential jet shape, $\rho(r)$, for jets associated with an isolated photon in 30-50% centrality PbPb collisions.

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Search for leptoquarks coupled to third-generation quarks in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 121 (2018) 241802, 2018.
Inspire Record 1694381 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85765

Three of the most significant measured deviations from standard model predictions, the enhanced decay rate for B→D(*)τν, hints of lepton universality violation in B→K(*)ℓℓ decays, and the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon, can be explained by the existence of leptoquarks (LQs) with large couplings to third-generation quarks and masses at the TeV scale. The existence of these states can be probed at the LHC in high energy proton-proton collisions. A novel search is presented for pair production of LQs coupled to a top quark and a muon using data at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9  fb-1, recorded by the CMS experiment. No deviation from the standard model prediction has been observed and scalar LQs decaying exclusively into tμ are excluded up to masses of 1420 GeV. The results of this search are combined with those from previous searches for LQ decays into tτ and bν, which excluded scalar LQs below masses of 900 and 1080 GeV. Vector LQs are excluded up to masses of 1190 GeV for all possible combinations of branching fractions to tμ, tτ and bν. With this analysis, all relevant couplings of LQs with an electric charge of -1/3 to third-generation quarks are probed for the first time.

6 data tables

Distributions for $M_{LQ}^{rec}$ (category A) after applying the full selection. All backgrounds are normalized according to the post-fit nuisance parameters based on the corresponding SM cross sections.

Distributions for $S_{T}$ (category B) after applying the full selection and estimating the $t\overline{t}$ and DY+jets background contributions from data in category B. All backgrounds are normalized according to the post-fit nuisance parameters based on the corresponding SM cross sections.

Observed upper limits on the production cross section for pair production of LQs decaying into a top quark and a muon or a $\tau$ lepton at 95% CL in the $M_{LQ} - B(LQ \rightarrow t\mu)$ plane.

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Studies of ${\mathrm {B}} ^{*{\mathrm {s}}2}(5840)^0 $ and ${\mathrm {B}} _{{\mathrm {s}}1}(5830)^0 $ mesons including the observation of the ${\mathrm {B}} ^{*{\mathrm {s}}2}(5840)^0 \rightarrow {\mathrm {B}} ^0 \mathrm {K} ^0_{\mathrm {S}} $ decay in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=8\,\text {TeV} $

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C78 (2018) 939, 2018.
Inspire Record 1693614 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85740

Measurements of $\mathrm{B}^*_\mathrm{s2}(5840)^0$ and $\mathrm{B}_\mathrm{s1}(5830)^0$ mesons are performed using a data sample of proton-proton collisions corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.6 fb$^{-1}$, collected with the CMS detector at the LHC at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV. The analysis studies $P$-wave $\mathrm{B}^0_\mathrm{S}$ meson decays into $\mathrm{B}^{(*)+}\mathrm{K}^-$ and $\mathrm{B}^{(*)0}\mathrm{K}^0_\mathrm{S}$, where the $\mathrm{B}^+$ and $\mathrm{B}^0$ mesons are identified using the decays $\mathrm{B}^+\to\mathrm{J}/\psi\,\mathrm{K}^+$ and $\mathrm{B}^0\to\mathrm{J}/\psi\,\mathrm{K}^*(892)^0$. The masses of the $P$-wave $\mathrm{B}^0_\mathrm{S}$ meson states are measured and the natural width of the $\mathrm{B}^*_\mathrm{s2}(5840)^0$ state is determined. The first measurement of the mass difference between the charged and neutral $\mathrm{B}^*$ mesons is also presented. The $\mathrm{B}^*_\mathrm{s2}(5840)^0$ decay to $\mathrm{B}^0\mathrm{K}^0_\mathrm{S}$ is observed, together with a measurement of its branching fraction relative to the $\mathrm{B}^*_\mathrm{s2}(5840)^0\to\mathrm{B}^+\mathrm{K}^-$ decay.

12 data tables

The $\mathrm{J}/\psi\mathrm{K}^+$ invariant mass distribution in data

The $\mathrm{J}/\psi\mathrm{K}^{*0}$ invariant mass distribution in data

The $\mathrm{B}^+\pi^-$ invariant mass distribution of the selected candidates in data

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Charged-particle nuclear modification factors in XeXe collisions at $ \sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}} = 5.44 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1810 (2018) 138, 2018.
Inspire Record 1692558 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85626

The differential yields of charged particles having pseudorapidity within |η| < 1 are measured using xenon-xenon (XeXe) collisions at $ \sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}} = 5.44 $ TeV. The data, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3.42 μb$^{−1}$, were collected in 2017 by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The yields are reported as functions of collision centrality and transverse momentum, p$_{T}$, from 0.5 to 100 GeV. A previously reported p$_{T}$ spectrum from proton-proton collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=5.02 $ TeV is used for comparison after correcting for the difference in center-of-mass energy. The nuclear modification factors using this reference, R$_{AA}^{*}$ , are constructed and compared to previous measurements and theoretical predictions. In head-on collisions, the R$_{AA}^{*}$ has a value of 0.17 in the p$_{T}$ range of 6–8 GeV, but increases to approximately 0.7 at 100 GeV. Above ≈6 GeV, the XeXe data show a notably smaller suppression than previous results for lead-lead (PbPb) collisions at $ \sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=5.02 $ TeV when compared at the same centrality (i.e., the same fraction of total cross section). However, the XeXe suppression is slightly greater than that for PbPb in events having a similar number of participating nucleons.

10 data tables

The per-event differential invariant yield of charged particles having |eta|<1 in XeXe collisions at sqrt(s_NN)=5.44 TeV. The first systematic uncertainty describes uncertainties that are not fully correlated across points, while the second systematic uncertainty is a normalization uncertainty that is fully correlated across all points. Bins where no data point has been reported are denoted as 'empty'.

The per-event differential invariant yield of charged particles having |eta|<1 in pp collisions at sqrt(s)=5.44 TeV, after extrpolation from 5.02 TeV data. The first systematic uncertainty describes uncertainties that are not fully correlated across points, while the second systematic uncertainty is a normalization uncertainty that is fully correlated across all points. The data is measured and extrapolated as a differential cross section, and transformed into a differential yield using an inelastic cross-section of 70 mb.

The nuclear modification factor of charged particles having |eta|<1 in XeXe collisions at sqrt(s_NN)=5.44 TeV. The first systematic uncertainty describes uncertainties that are not fully correlated across points, while the second systematic uncertainty is a normalization uncertainty that is fully correlated across all points. Bins where no data point has been reported are denoted as 'empty'.

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Observation of Higgs boson decay to bottom quarks

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, A. M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 121 (2018) 121801, 2018.
Inspire Record 1691854 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.86132

The observation of the standard model (SM) Higgs boson decay to a pair of bottom quarks is presented. The main contribution to this result is from processes in which Higgs bosons are produced in association with a W or Z boson (VH), and are searched for in final states including 0, 1, or 2 charged leptons and two identified bottom quark jets. The results from the measurement of these processes in a data sample recorded by the CMS experiment in 2017, comprising 41.3  fb-1 of proton-proton collisions at s=13  TeV, are described. When combined with previous VH measurements using data collected at s=7, 8, and 13 TeV, an excess of events is observed at mH=125  GeV with a significance of 4.8 standard deviations, where the expectation for the SM Higgs boson is 4.9. The corresponding measured signal strength is 1.01±0.22. The combination of this result with searches by the CMS experiment for H→bb¯ in other production processes yields an observed (expected) significance of 5.6 (5.5) standard deviations and a signal strength of 1.04±0.20.

2 data tables

Expected and observed significances, in number of standard deviations, and observed signal strengths for the VH production process with H-->b bbar. Results are shown separately for 2017 data, combined Run 2 (2016 and 2017 data), and for the combination of the Run 1 and Run 2 data. For the 2017 analysis, results are shown separately for the individual mu value for each channel from a combined simultaneous fit to all channels. All results are obtained for mH=125.09 GeV. Data are from Table 2 and 2016 added from Figure 1b.

Best-fit value of the H-->b bbar signal strength with its 1 sigma systematic (red) and total (blue) uncertainties for the five individual production modes considered, as well as the overall combined result. The vertical dashed line indicates the standard model expectation. All results are extracted from a single fit combining all input analyses, with mH = 125.09 GeV. Data from Figure 3.