Search for high-mass resonances in dilepton final states in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 06 (2018) 120, 2018.
Inspire Record 1662926 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83971

A search is presented for new high-mass resonances decaying into electron or muon pairs. The search uses proton-proton collision data at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2016, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 36 fb$^{-1}$. Observations are in agreement with standard model expectations. Upper limits on the product of a new resonance production cross section and branching fraction to dileptons are calculated in a model-independent manner. This permits the interpretation of the limits in models predicting a narrow dielectron or dimuon resonance. A scan of different intrinsic width hypotheses is performed. Limits are set on the masses of various hypothetical particles. For the Z$'_\mathrm{SSM}$ (Z$'_{\psi}$) particle, which arises in the sequential standard model (superstring-inspired model), a lower mass limit of 4.50 (3.90) TeV is set at 95% confidence level. The lightest Kaluza-Klein graviton arising in the Randall-Sundrum model of extra dimensions, with coupling parameters $k/\overline{M}_\mathrm{Pl}$ of 0.01, 0.05, and 0.10, is excluded at 95% confidence level below 2.10, 3.65, and 4.25 TeV, respectively. In a simplified model of dark matter production via a vector or axial vector mediator, limits at 95% confidence level are obtained on the masses of the dark matter particle and its mediator.

23 data tables

The number of dielectron events in various invariant mass ranges. The total back- ground is the sum of the events for the SM processes listed. The yields from simulation are normalized relative to the expected cross sections, and overall the simulation is normalized to the observed yield using the number of events in the mass window 60-120 GeV. Uncertainties include both statistical and systematic components, summed in quadrature.

The number of dimuon events in various invariant mass ranges. The total back- ground is the sum of the events for the SM processes listed. The yields from simulation are normalized relative to the expected cross sections, and overall the simulation is normalized to the observed yield using the number of events in the mass window 60-120 GeV. Uncertainties include both statistical and systematic components, summed in quadrature.

The invariant mass spectra of dielectron events. The points with error bars represent the observed yield. The histogram represents the expectations from the SM processes. The bins have equal width in logarithmic scale so that the width in GeV becomes larger with increasing mass.

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Evidence for associated production of a Higgs boson with a top quark pair in final states with electrons, muons, and hadronically decaying $\tau$ leptons at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 08 (2018) 066, 2018.
Inspire Record 1662661 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.84635

Results of a search for the standard model Higgs boson produced in association with a top quark pair ($\mathrm{t\overline{t}}$H) in final states with electrons, muons, and hadronically decaying $\tau$ leptons are presented. The analyzed data set corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$ recorded in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV by the CMS experiment in 2016. The sensitivity of the search is improved by using matrix element and machine learning methods to separate the signal from backgrounds. The measured signal rate amounts to 1.23 $^{+0.45}_{-0.43}$ times the production rate expected in the standard model, with an observed (expected) significance of 3.2$\sigma$ (2.8$\sigma$), which represents evidence for $\mathrm{t\overline{t}}$H production in those final states. An upper limit on the signal rate of 2.1 times the standard model production rate is set at 95% confidence level.

1 data table

Signal rates $\mu$, in units of the SM $\mathrm{t\overline(t}H}$ production rate, measured in each of the categories individually and for the combination of all six categories. The blue (green) band corresponds to the statistical (total) uncertainty on the combined signal rate.


Jet properties in PbPb and pp collisions at $ \sqrt{s_{\mathrm{N}\;\mathrm{N}}}=5.02 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 05 (2018) 006, 2018.
Inspire Record 1658057 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83196

Modifications of the properties of jets in PbPb collisions, relative to those in pp collisions, are studied at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.02 TeV via correlations of charged particles with the jet axis in relative pseudorapidity ($\Delta \eta$), relative azimuth ($\Delta \phi$), and relative angular distance from the jet axis $\Delta \mathrm{r} = \sqrt{{(\Delta\eta)^{2}+(\Delta\phi)^{2}}}$. This analysis uses data collected with the CMS detector at the LHC, corresponding to integrated luminosities of 404 $\mu$b$^{-1}$ and 27.4 pb$^{-1}$ for PbPb and pp collisions, respectively. Charged particle number densities, jet fragmentation functions, and jet shapes are presented as a function of PbPb collision centrality and charged-particle track transverse momentum, providing a differential description of jet modifications due to interactions with the quark-gluon plasma.

12 data tables

The distribution of jet-correlated charged-particle tracks with $|{\Delta\phi}|<1.0$ as a function of $\Delta\eta$ in pp and PbPb collisions. The PbPb results are shown for different centrality regions.

The difference between the PbPb and pp measurements from Table 1.

The distribution of jet-correlated charged-particle tracks with $|{\Delta\eta}|<1.0$ as a function of $\Delta\phi$ in pp and PbPb collisions. The PbPb results are shown for different centrality regions.

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Search for a heavy resonance decaying to a pair of vector bosons in the lepton plus merged jet final state at $ \sqrt{s}=13 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 05 (2018) 088, 2018.
Inspire Record 1657397 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85739

A search for a new heavy particle decaying to a pair of vector bosons (WW or WZ) is presented using data from the CMS detector corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$ collected in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV in 2016. One of the bosons is required to be a W boson decaying to e$\nu$ or $\mu\nu$, while the other boson is required to be reconstructed as a single massive jet with substructure compatible with that of a highly-energetic quark pair from a W or Z boson decay. The search is performed in the resonance mass range between 1.0 and 4.5 TeV. The largest deviation from the background-only hypothesis is observed for a mass near 1.4 TeV and corresponds to a local significance of 2.5 standard deviations. The result is interpreted as an upper bound on the resonance production cross section. Comparing the excluded cross section values and the expectations from theoretical calculations in the bulk graviton and heavy vector triplet models, spin-2 WW resonances with mass smaller than 1.07 TeV and spin-1 WZ resonances lighter than 3.05 TeV, respectively, are excluded at 95% confidence level.

3 data tables

Exclusion limits on the product of the production cross section and the branching fraction for a new spin-2 resonance decaying to WW, as a function of the resonance mass hypothesis.

Exclusion limits on the product of the production cross section and the branching fraction for a new spin-1 resonance decaying to WZ, as a function of the resonance mass hypothesis.

Signal selection efficiency times acceptance as a function of resonance mass for a spin-2 bulk graviton decaying to WW and a spin-1 W' decaying to WZ.


Measurement of the $\Lambda_b$ polarization and angular parameters in $\Lambda_b\to J/\psi\, \Lambda$ decays from pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 7 and 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 97 (2018) 072010, 2018.
Inspire Record 1654926 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83664

An analysis of the decay $\Lambda_b \to J/\psi(\to\mu^+\mu^-)\Lambda(\to p \pi^-)$ decay is performed to measure the $\Lambda_b$ polarization and three angular parameters in data from pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 7 and 8 TeV, collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The $\Lambda_b$ polarization is measured to be 0.00 $\pm$ 0.06 (stat) $\pm$ 0.06 (syst) and the parity-violating asymmetry parameter is determined to be 0.14 $\pm$ 0.14 (stat) $\pm$ 0.10 (syst). The measurements are compared to various theoretical predictions, including those from perturbative quantum chromodynamics.

3 data tables

The measured values of the angular parameters and the $\Lambda_b$ polarization.

The values of the helicity amplitudes in the decay.

Correlation matrix for the fitted parameters.


Measurement of the inelastic proton-proton cross section at $ \sqrt{s}=13 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 07 (2018) 161, 2018.
Inspire Record 1653948 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83970

A measurement of the inelastic proton-proton cross section with the CMS detector at a center-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV is presented. The analysis is based on events with energy deposits in the forward calorimeters, which cover pseudorapidities of -6.6 $&lt; \eta $ 4.1 GeV and/or $M_\mathrm{Y} &gt;$ 13 GeV, where $M_\mathrm{X}$ and $M_\mathrm{Y}$ are the masses of the diffractive dissociation systems at negative and positive pseudorapidities, respectively. The results are compared with those from other experiments as well as to predictions from high-energy hadron-hadron interaction models.

1 data table

The measured fiducial cross sections. The first bin represents the $\xi > 10^{-6}$ region, while the second bin represents the extended $\xi_{X} > 10^{-7}$ or $\xi_{Y} > 10^{-6}$ result. The first uncertainty is the systematic uncertainty excluding luminosity, the second is the luminosity uncertainty.


Search for lepton-flavor violating decays of heavy resonances and quantum black holes to eμ final states in proton-proton collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=13 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 04 (2018) 073, 2018.
Inspire Record 1653123 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.86568

A search is reported for heavy resonances decaying into e$\mu$ final states in proton-proton collisions recorded by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. The search focuses on resonance masses above 200 GeV. With no evidence found for physics beyond the standard model in the e$\mu$ mass spectrum, upper limits are set at 95% confidence level on the product of the cross section and branching fraction for this lepton-flavor violating signal. Based on these results, resonant $\tau$ sneutrino production in R-parity violating supersymmetric models is excluded for masses below 1.7 TeV, for couplings $\lambda_{132} = \lambda_{231} = \lambda'_{311} = 0.01$. Heavy Z$'$ gauge bosons with lepton-flavor violating transitions are excluded for masses up to 4.4 TeV. The e$\mu$ mass spectrum is also interpreted in terms of non-resonant contributions from quantum black-hole production in models with one to six extra spatial dimensions, and lower mass limits are found between 3.6 and 5.6 TeV. In all interpretations used in this analysis, the results of this search improve previous limits by about 1 TeV. These limits correspond to the most sensitive values obtained at colliders.

7 data tables

Expected upper limits at 95% CL on the product of the signal cross section and branching fraction for the tau sneutrino signal, as a function of the mass of the RPV resonance.

Observed upper limits at 95% CL on the product of the signal cross section and branching fraction for the tau-sneutrino signal, as a function of the mass of the RPV resonance.

Cross section of RPV tau-sneutrino as a function of mass. Cross section includes the branching ratio of tau-sneutrino decaying to $e\mu$.

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Comparing transverse momentum balance of b jet pairs in pp and PbPb collisions at $ \sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=5.02 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 03 (2018) 181, 2018.
Inspire Record 1652833 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.82819

The transverse momentum balance of pairs of back-to-back b quark jets in PbPb and pp collisions recorded with the CMS detector at the LHC is reported. The center-of-mass energy in both collision systems is 5.02 TeV per nucleon pair. Compared to the pp collision baseline, b quark jets have a larger imbalance in the most central PbPb collisions, as expected from the jet quenching effect. The data are also compared to the corresponding measurement with inclusive dijets. In the most central collisions, the imbalance of b quark dijets is comparable to that of inclusive dijets.

14 data tables

Performance of double b-jet tagging, in terms of b-tagging purity and efficiency

Delta phi distributions of incluisve dijets and b-quark dijets in pp collisions

Delta phi distributions of incluisve dijets and b-quark dijets in central (0-10%) PbPb collisions

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Observation of Medium-Induced Modifications of Jet Fragmentation in Pb-Pb Collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=$ 5.02 TeV Using Isolated Photon-Tagged Jets

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 121 (2018) 242301, 2018.
Inspire Record 1648162 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.80817

Measurements of fragmentation functions for jets associated with an isolated photon are presented for the first time in pp and PbPb collisions. The analysis uses data collected with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV. Fragmentation functions are obtained for jets with p$_\mathrm{T}^\text{jet} >$ 30 GeV in events containing an isolated photon with p$_\mathrm{T}^\gamma>$ 60 GeV, using charged tracks with transverse momentum p$_\mathrm{T}^\text{trk} >$ 1 GeV in a cone around the jet axis. The association with an isolated photon constrains the initial p$_\mathrm{T}$ and azimuthal angle of the parton whose shower produced the jet. For central PbPb collisions, modifications of the jet fragmentation functions are observed when compared to those measured in pp collisions, while no significant differences are found in the 50% most peripheral collisions. Jets in central PbPb events show an excess (depletion) of low (high) p$_\mathrm{T}$ particles, with a transition around 3 GeV.

16 data tables

$\xi^\mathrm{jet}$ distributions for jets associated with an isolated photon in pp and 50-100% centrality PbPb collisions. The resolutions of the measured jet energy and azimuthal angle in pp are smeared to match those in the PbPb sample.

$\xi^\mathrm{jet}$ distributions for jets associated with an isolated photon in pp and 30-50% centrality PbPb collisions. The resolutions of the measured jet energy and azimuthal angle in pp are smeared to match those in the PbPb sample.

$\xi^\mathrm{jet}$ distributions for jets associated with an isolated photon in pp and 10-30% centrality PbPb collisions. The resolutions of the measured jet energy and azimuthal angle in pp are smeared to match those in the PbPb sample.

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Measurement of the single top quark and antiquark production cross sections in the t channel and their ratio in pp collisions at sqrt(s)=13 TeV

The CMS collaboration
CMS-PAS-TOP-17-011, 2018.
Inspire Record 1680899 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85704

The cross sections for the production of single top quarks and antiquarks in the $t$ channel, and their ratio, are measured in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of $13~\mathrm{TeV}$. The full data set recorded in 2016 by the CMS detector at the LHC is analyzed, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $35.9~\mathrm{fb}^{-1}$. Events with one muon or electron and two jets are selected, where one of the two jets is identified as originating from a bottom quark. A multivariate discriminator exploiting several kinematic variables is applied to separate signal from background events. The ratio $R_{t\mathrm{\text{-}ch.}}$ of the cross sections is measured to be $1.65 \pm0.02\,\text{(stat)} \pm0.04\,\text{(syst)}$. The total cross section for the production of single top quarks or antiquarks is measured to be $219.0 \pm1.5\,\text{(stat)} \pm33.0\,\text{(syst)} \,\mathrm{pb}$ and the absolute value of the CKM matrix element $V_{\mathrm{tb}}$ is determined to be $1.00 \pm0.05\,\text{(exp)} \pm0.02 \,\text{(theo)}$. All results are in agreement with the standard model predictions.

7 data tables

The measured cross section of top quark production in $t$-channel. The first uncertainty is the statistical, the second is due to profiled systematic sources, the third is due to the sources describing signal modelling (externalized), and the last due to the integrated luminosity (externalized).

The measured cross section of top antiquark production in $t$-channel. The first uncertainty is the statistical, the second is due to profiled systematic sources, the third is due to the sources describing signal modelling (externalized), and the last due to the integrated luminosity (externalized).

The measured inclusive cross section of production of the top quarks and antiquarks in $t$-channel. The first uncertainty is the statistical, the second is due to profiled systematic sources, the third is due to the sources describing signal modelling (externalized), and the last due to the integrated luminosity (externalized).

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