Search for pair-produced vector-like leptons in final states with third-generation leptons and at least three b quark jets in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration
CMS-B2G-21-004, 2022.
Inspire Record 2139823 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.132482

The first search is presented for vector-like leptons (VLLs) in the context of the "4321 model", an ultraviolet-complete model with the potential to explain existing B physics measurements that are in tension with standard model predictions. The analyzed data, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 96.5 fb$^{-1}$, were recorded in 2017 and 2018 with the CMS detector at the LHC in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ =13 TeV. Final states with ${\geq}$3 b-tagged jets and two third-generation leptons ($\tau\tau$, $\tau\nu_\tau$, or $\nu_\tau\nu_\tau$) are considered. Upper limits are derived on the VLL production cross section in the VLL mass range 500-1050 GeV. The maximum likelihood fit prefers the presence of signal at the level of 2.8 standard deviations, for a representative VLL mass point of 600 GeV. As a consequence, the observed upper limits are approximately double the expected limits.

1 data table

Expected and observed $95\%$ CL upper limits on the product of the VLL pair production cross section and the branching fraction to third generation quarks and leptons, combining the 2017 and 2018 data and all $\tau_\textrm{h}$ multiplicity channels. The theoretical prediction in the 4321 model for electroweak production of VLLs is also shown.


Measurement of the cross section of top quark-antiquark pair production in association with a W boson in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration
CMS-TOP-21-011, 2022.
Inspire Record 2136024 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.127991

The production of a top quark-antiquark pair in association with a W boson ($\mathrm{t\bar{t}}$W) is measured in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. The analyzed data was recorded by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 138 fb$^{-1}$. Events with two or three leptons (electrons and muons) and additional jets are selected. In events with two leptons, a multiclass neural network is used to distinguish between the signal and background processes. Events with three leptons are categorized based on the number of jets and of jets originating from b quark hadronization, and the lepton charges. The inclusive $\mathrm{t\bar{t}}$W production cross section in the full phase space is measured to be 868 $\pm$ 40 (stat) $\pm$ 51 (syst) fb. The $\mathrm{t\bar{t}}$W$^+$ and $\mathrm{t\bar{t}}$W$^-$ cross sections are also measured as 553 $\pm$ 30 (stat) $\pm$ 30 (syst) and 343 $\pm$ 26 (stat) $\pm$ 25 (syst) fb, respectively, and the corresponding ratio of the two cross sections is found to be 1.61 $\pm$ 0.15 (stat) $^{+0.07}_{-0.05}$ (syst). The results are consistent with the standard model predictions within two standard deviations, and represent the most precise measurement of these cross sections to date.

29 data tables

Distribution of the leading lepton transverse momemtum, prefit.

Distribution of the subleading lepton transverse momemtum, prefit.

Distribution of the leading jet transverse momemtum, prefit.

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Search for $CP$ violation in ttH and tH production in multilepton channels in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration
CMS-HIG-21-006, 2022.
Inspire Record 2132369 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.131043

The charge-parity ($CP$) structure of the Yukawa interaction between the Higgs (H) boson and the top quark is measured in a data sample enriched in the $\mathrm{t\bar{t}}$ and tH associated production, using 138 fb$^{-1}$ of data collected in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ =13 TeV by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC. The study targets events where the H boson decays via H$\to$WW or H$\to$$\tau\tau$ and the top quarks decay via t$\to$Wb: the W bosons decay either leptonically or hadronically, and final states characterized by the presence of at least two leptons are studied. Machine learning techniques are applied to these final states to enhance the separation of $CP$-even from $CP$-odd scenarios. Two-dimensional confidence regions are set on $\kappa_\mathrm{t}$ and $\tilde{\kappa}_\mathrm{t}$, which are respectively defined as the $CP$-even and $CP$-odd top-Higgs Yukawa coupling modifiers. No significant fractional $CP$-odd contributions, parameterized by the quantity $\lvert{f_{CP}^{\mathrm{Htt}}}\rvert$ are observed; the parameter is determined to be $\lvert{f_{CP}^{\mathrm{Htt}}}\rvert$ = 0.59 with an interval of (0.24, 0.81) at 68% confidence level. The results are combined with previous results covering the H$\to$ZZ and H$\to$$\gamma\gamma$ decay modes, yielding two- and one-dimensional confidence regions on $\kappa_\mathrm{t}$ and $\tilde{\kappa}_\mathrm{t}$, while $\lvert{f_{CP}^{\mathrm{Htt}}}\rvert$ is determined to be $\lvert{f_{CP}^{\mathrm{Htt}}}\rvert$ = 0.28 with an interval of $\lvert{f_{CP}^{\mathrm{Htt}}}\rvert\lt$ 0.55 at 68% confidence level, in agreement with the standard model $CP$-even prediction of $\lvert{f_{CP}^{\mathrm{Htt}}}\rvert$=0.

15 data tables

M_ttH which is one of the input variables to the XGBoost used for CP discrimination in 2lss + 0tau channel, defined in table 4.

\Delta \eta_{B-B}, which is one of the input variables to the XGBoost used for CP discrimination in 2lss + 0tau channel, defined in table 4.

\Delta R_{jet-jet}, which is one of the input variables to the XGBoost used for CP discrimination in 2lss + 0tau channel, defined in table 4.

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Searches for additional Higgs bosons and for vector leptoquarks in $\tau\tau$ final states in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration
CMS-HIG-21-001, 2022.
Inspire Record 2132368 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.128147

Three searches are presented for signatures of physics beyond the standard model (SM) in $\tau\tau$ final states in proton-proton collisions at the LHC, using a data sample collected with the CMS detector at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 138 fb$^{-1}$. Upper limits at 95% confidence level (CL) are set on the products of the branching fraction for the decay into $\tau$ leptons and the cross sections for the production of a new boson $\phi$, in addition to the H(125) boson, via gluon fusion (gg$\phi$) or in association with b quarks, ranging from $\mathcal{O}$(10 pb) for a mass of 60 GeV to 0.3 fb for a mass of 3.5 TeV each. The data reveal two excesses for gg$\phi$ production with local $p$-values equivalent to about three standard deviations at $m_\phi$ = 0.1 and 1.2 TeV. In a search for $t$-channel exchange of a vector leptoquark U$_1$, 95% CL upper limits are set on the dimensionless U$_1$ leptoquark coupling to quarks and $\tau$ leptons ranging from 1 for a mass of 1 TeV to 6 for a mass of 5 TeV, depending on the scenario. In the interpretations of the $M_\mathrm{h}^{125}$ and $M_\mathrm{h, EFT}^{125}$ minimal supersymmetric SM benchmark scenarios, additional Higgs bosons with masses below 350 GeV are excluded at 95% CL.

313 data tables

Expected and observed $95\%\text{ CL}$ upper limits on the product of the cross sections and branching fraction for the decay into $\tau$ leptons for $gg\phi$ production in a mass range of $60\leq m_\phi\leq 3500\text{ GeV}$, in addition to $\text{H}(125)$. The central $68$ and $95\%$ intervals are given in addition to the expected median value. In this case, $bb\phi$ production rate has been profiled. The peak in the expected $gg\phi$ limit is tribute to a loss of sensitivity around $90\text{ GeV}$ due to the background from $Z/\gamma^\ast\rightarrow\tau\tau$ events. Numerical values provided in this table correspond to Figure 10a of the publication.

Expected and observed $95\%\text{ CL}$ upper limits on the product of the cross sections and branching fraction for the decay into $\tau$ leptons for $bb\phi$ production in a mass range of $60\leq m_\phi\leq 3500\text{ GeV}$, in addition to $\text{H}(125)$. The central $68$ and $95\%$ intervals are given in addition to the expected median value. In this case, $gg\phi$ production rate has been profiled. Numerical values provided in this table correspond to Figure 10b of the publication.

Expected and observed $95\%\text{ CL}$ upper limits on the product of the cross sections and branching fraction for the decay into $\tau$ leptons for $gg\phi$ production in a mass range of $60\leq m_\phi\leq 3500\text{ GeV}$, in addition to $\text{H}(125)$. The central $68$ and $95\%$ intervals are given in addition to the expected median value. In this case, $bb\phi$ production rate has been fixed to zero. Numerical values provided in this table correspond to Figure 37 of the auxilliary material of the publication.

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Measurement of the $\mathrm{t\bar{t}}$ charge asymmetry in events with highly Lorentz-boosted top quarks in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration
CMS-TOP-21-014, 2022.
Inspire Record 2132366 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.127992

The measurement of the charge asymmetry in top quark pair events with highly Lorentz-boosted top quarks decaying to a single lepton and jets is presented. The analysis is performed using proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 138 fb$^{-1}$. The selection is optimized for top quarks produced with large Lorentz boosts, resulting in nonisolated leptons and overlapping jets. The top quark charge asymmetry is measured for events with a $\mathrm{t\bar{t}}$ invariant mass larger than 750 GeV and corrected for detector and acceptance effects using a binned maximum likelihood fit. The measured top quark charge asymmetry of (0.69$_{- 0.69}^{+ 0.65}$)% is in good agreement with the standard model prediction at next-to-next-to-leading order in quantum chromodynamic perturbation theory with next-to-leading-order electroweak corrections. The result is also presented for two invariant mass ranges, 750-900 and $\lt$900 GeV.

11 data tables

Comparison between data and MC simulation for kinematic distributions based on events in the signal candidate sample for the distance between the lepton and the closest AK4 jet. The vertical bars on the points show the statistical uncertainty in the data. The shaded bands represent the total uncertainty in the MC predictions. The lower panels give the ratio of the data to the sum of the MC

Comparison between data and MC simulation for kinematic distributions based on events in the signal candidate sample for the number of AK4 jets. The vertical bars on the points show the statistical uncertainty in the data. The shaded bands represent the total uncertainty in the MC predictions. The lower panels give the ratio of the data to the sum of the MC

Comparison between data and MC simulation for kinematic distributions based on events in the signal candidate sample for the reconstruced mass of the top quark pairs. The vertical bars on the points show the statistical uncertainty in the data. The shaded bands represent the total uncertainty in the MC predictions. The lower panels give the ratio of the data to the sum of the MC

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Search for the exotic decay of the Higgs boson into two light pseudoscalars with four photons in the final state in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration
CMS-HIG-21-003, 2022.
Inspire Record 2130106 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.113445

A search for the exotic decay of the Higgs boson to a pair of light pseudoscalars, each of which subsequently decays into a pair of photons, is presented. The search uses data from proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV recorded with the CMS detector at the LHC that corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 132 fb$^{-1}$. The analysis probes pseudoscalar bosons with masses in the range 15-62 GeV, coming from the Higgs boson decay, which leads to four well-isolated photons in the final state. No significant deviation from the background-only hypothesis is observed. Upper limits are set on the product of the Higgs boson production cross section and branching fraction into four photons. The observed (expected) limits range from 0.80 (1.00) fb for a pseudoscalar boson mass of 15 GeV to 0.26 (0.24) fb for a mass of 62 GeV at 95% confidence level.

1 data table

Exclusion limits on the product of the production cross section and the branching fraction, as a function of the pseudoscalar mass hypothesis.


Measurement of inclusive and differential cross sections for single top quark production in association with a W boson in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration
CMS-TOP-21-010, 2022.
Inspire Record 2129461 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.128942

Measurements of the inclusive and normalised differential cross sections are presented for the production of single top quarks in association with a W boson in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. The data used were recorded with the CMS detector at the LHC during 2016-2018, and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 138 fb$^{-1}$. Events containing one electron and one muon in the final state are analysed. For the inclusive measurement, a multivariate discriminant, exploiting the kinematic properties of the events is used to separate the signal from the dominant $\mathrm{t\bar{t}}$ background. A cross section of 79.2 $\pm$ 0.9 (stat) $^{+7.7}_{-8.0}$ (syst) $\pm$ 1.2 (lumi) pb is obtained, consistent with the predictions of the standard model. For the differential measurements, a fiducial region is defined according to the detector acceptance, and the requirement of exactly one jet coming from the fragmentation of a bottom quark. The resulting distributions are unfolded to particle level and agree with the predictions at next-to-leading order in perturbative quantum chromodynamics.

24 data tables

The distribution of the BDT discriminant for events in the 1j1b region. The data (points) and the MC predictions (coloured histograms) after the fit are shown. The vertical bars on the points represent the statistical uncertainty in the data, and the hatched band the total uncertainty in the MC prediction. The lower panels display the ratio of the data to the sum of the MC (points) predictions after the fit, with the bands giving the corresponding uncertainties.

The distribution of the BDT discriminant for events in the 2j1b region. The data (points) and the MC predictions (coloured histograms) after the fit are shown. The vertical bars on the points represent the statistical uncertainty in the data, and the hatched band the total uncertainty in the MC prediction. The lower panels display the ratio of the data to the sum of the MC (points) predictions after the fit, with the bands giving the corresponding uncertainties.

The distribution of the Subleading jet $p_{T}$ for events in the 2j2b region. The data (points) and the MC predictions (coloured histograms) after the fit are shown. The vertical bars on the points represent the statistical uncertainty in the data, and the hatched band the total uncertainty in the MC prediction. The lower panels display the ratio of the data to the sum of the MC (points) predictions after the fit, with the bands giving the corresponding uncertainties.

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Search for the Higgs boson decay to a pair of electrons in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration
CMS-HIG-21-015, 2022.
Inspire Record 2129285 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.131539

A search is presented for the Higgs boson decay to a pair of electrons (e$^+$e$^-$) in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV. The data set was collected with the CMS experiment at the LHC between 2016 and 2018, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 138 fb$^{-1}$. The analysis uses event categories targeting Higgs boson production via gluon fusion and vector boson fusion. The observed upper limit on the Higgs boson branching fraction to an electron pair is 3.0$\times$10$^{-4}$ (3.0$\times$10$^{-4}$ expected) at the 95% confidence level, which is the most stringent limit on this branching fraction to date.

9 data tables

Total expected number of signal events for $m_{H}=125.38$ GeV in analysis categories targeting ggH and VBF events, for an integrated luminosity of 138 fb$^{-1}$. The fractional contribution from each production mode to each category is also shown. The $\sigma_{\rm{eff}}$, defined as the smallest interval containing 68.3% of the $m_{ee}$ distribution, is listed for each analysis category. The final column shows the expected signal to background, where S and B are the numbers of expected signal and background events in a $\pm 1\sigma_{\rm{eff}}$ window centred on $m_{H}$.

Number of data events and the number of background events in the best-fit signal-plus-background model for the ggH Tag 0 category, in bins of $m_{ee}$. The number of signal events in the SM and at the observed limit are also provided in the same bins.

Number of data events and the number of background events in the best-fit signal-plus-background model for the ggH Tag 1 category, in bins of $m_{ee}$. The number of signal events in the SM and at the observed limit are also provided in the same bins.

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Measurement of the top quark pole mass using $\mathrm{t\bar{t}}$+jet events in the dilepton final state in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration
CMS-TOP-21-008, 2022.
Inspire Record 2106483 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.127990

A measurement of the top quark pole mass $m_\mathrm{t}^\text{pole}$ in events where a top quark-antiquark pair ($\mathrm{t\bar{t}}$) is produced in association with at least one additional jet ($\mathrm{t\bar{t}}$+jet) is presented. This analysis is performed using proton-proton collision data at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV collected by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC, corresponding to a total integrated luminosity of 36.3 fb$^{-1}$. Events with two opposite-sign leptons in the final state (ee, $\mu\mu$, e$\mu$) are analyzed. The reconstruction of the main observable and the event classification are optimized using multivariate analysis techniques based on machine learning. The production cross section is measured as a function of the inverse of the invariant mass of the $\mathrm{t\bar{t}}$+jet system at the parton level using a maximum likelihood unfolding. Given a reference parton distribution function (PDF), the top quark pole mass is extracted using the theoretical predictions at next-to-leading order. For the ABMP16NLO PDF, this results in $m_\mathrm{t}^\text{pole}$ = 172.94 $\pm$ 1.37 GeV.

10 data tables

Absolute differential cross section as a function of the rho observable at parton level.

Covariance matrix for the total uncertainty for the measurement of the absolute differential cross section as a function of the rho observable at parton level.

Covariance matrix for the statistical uncertainty for the measurement of the absolute differential cross section as a function of the rho observable at parton level.

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A portrait of the Higgs boson by the CMS experiment ten years after the discovery

The CMS collaboration
Nature 607 (2022) 60-68, 2022.
Inspire Record 2104672 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.127765

In July 2012, the ATLAS and CMS Collaborations at the CERN Large Hadron Collider announced the observation of a Higgs boson at a mass of around 125 GeV. Ten years later, and with the data corresponding to the production of 30 times larger number of Higgs bosons, we have learnt much more about the properties of the Higgs boson. The CMS experiment has observed the Higgs boson in numerous fermionic and bosonic decay channels, established its spin-parity quantum numbers, determined its mass and measured its production cross sections in various modes. Here the CMS Collaboration reports the most up-to-date combination of results on the properties of the Higgs boson, including the most stringent limit on the cross section for the production of a pair of Higgs bosons, on the basis of data from proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. Within the uncertainties, all these observations are compatible with the predictions of the standard model of elementary particle physics. Much evidence points to the fact that the standard model is a low-energy approximation of a more comprehensive theory. Several of the standard model issues originate in the sector of Higgs boson physics. An order of magnitude larger number of Higgs bosons, expected to be examined over the next fifteen years, will help deepen our understanding of this crucial sector.

22 data tables

Inclusive signal strength modifiers $\mu$.

Signal strength modifiers per production mode $\mu_i$.

Signal strength modifiers per decay mode $\mu^f$.

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