Measurements of the Higgs boson production and decay rates and constraints on its couplings from a combined ATLAS and CMS analysis of the LHC pp collision data at $ \sqrt{s}=7 $ and 8 TeV

The ATLAS & CMS collaborations Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; Abdallah, Jalal ; et al.
JHEP 08 (2016) 045, 2016.
Inspire Record 1468068 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.78403

Combined ATLAS and CMS measurements of the Higgs boson production and decay rates, as well as constraints on its couplings to vector bosons and fermions, are presented. The combination is based on the analysis of five production processes, namely gluon fusion, vector boson fusion, and associated production with a $W$ or a $Z$ boson or a pair of top quarks, and of the six decay modes $H \to ZZ, WW$, $\gamma\gamma, \tau\tau, bb$, and $\mu\mu$. All results are reported assuming a value of 125.09 GeV for the Higgs boson mass, the result of the combined measurement by the ATLAS and CMS experiments. The analysis uses the CERN LHC proton--proton collision data recorded by the ATLAS and CMS experiments in 2011 and 2012, corresponding to integrated luminosities per experiment of approximately 5 fb$^{-1}$ at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV and 20 fb$^{-1}$ at $\sqrt{s} = 8$ TeV. The Higgs boson production and decay rates measured by the two experiments are combined within the context of three generic parameterisations: two based on cross sections and branching fractions, and one on ratios of coupling modifiers. Several interpretations of the measurements with more model-dependent parameterisations are also given. The combined signal yield relative to the Standard Model prediction is measured to be 1.09 $\pm$ 0.11. The combined measurements lead to observed significances for the vector boson fusion production process and for the $H \to \tau\tau$ decay of $5.4$ and $5.5$ standard deviations, respectively. The data are consistent with the Standard Model predictions for all parameterisations considered.

44 data tables

Best fit values of $\sigma_i \cdot \mathrm{B}^f$ for each specific channel $i \to H\to f$, as obtained from the generic parameterisation with 23 parameters for the combination of the ATLAS and CMS measurements, using the $\sqrt{s}$=7 and 8 TeV data. The cross sections are given for $\sqrt{s}$=8 TeV, assuming the SM values for $\sigma_i(7 \mathrm{TeV})/\sigma_i(8 \mathrm{TeV})$. The results are shown together with their total uncertainties and their breakdown into statistical and systematic components. The missing values are either not measured with a meaningful precision and therefore not quoted, in the case of the $H\to ZZ$ decay channel for the $WH$, $ZH$, and $ttH$ production processes, or not measured at all and therefore fixed to their corresponding SM predictions, in the case of the $H\to bb$ decay mode for the $gg\mathrm{F}$ and VBF production processes.

Best fit values of $\sigma_i \cdot \mathrm{B}^f$ relative to their SM prediction for each specific channel $i \to H\to f$, as obtained from the generic parameterisation with 23 parameters for the combination of the ATLAS and CMS measurements, using the $\sqrt{s}$=7 and 8 TeV data. The results are shown together with their total uncertainties and their breakdown into statistical and systematic components. The missing values are either not measured with a meaningful precision and therefore not quoted, in the case of the $H\to ZZ$ decay channel for the $WH$, $ZH$, and $ttH$ production processes, or not measured at all and therefore fixed to their corresponding SM predictions, in the case of the $H\to bb$ decay mode for the $gg\mathrm{F}$ and VBF production processes.

Best fit values of $\sigma(gg\to H\to ZZ)$, $\sigma_i/\sigma_{gg\mathrm{F}}$, and $\mathrm{B}^f/\mathrm{B}^{ZZ}$ from the combined analysis of the $\sqrt{s}$=7 and 8 TeV data. The values involving cross sections are given for $\sqrt{s}$=8 TeV, assuming the SM values for $\sigma_i(7 \mathrm{TeV})/\sigma_i(8 \mathrm{TeV})$. The results are shown for the combination of ATLAS and CMS, and also separately for each experiment, together with their total uncertainties and their breakdown into the four components described in the text. The expected uncertainties in the measurements are also shown.

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Charged particle nuclear modification factor and pseudorapidity asymmetry in pPb collisions at sqrt(sNN)=5.02 TeV with CMS

The CMS collaboration
2013.
Inspire Record 1263706 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66742

The charged particle transverse momentum spectra in the midrapidity and forward pseudorapidity ranges are presented for pPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}=5.02$~TeV. The data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 26~${\rm nb}^{-1}$ was collected with the CMS detector at the LHC. The nuclear modification factor is measured at midrapidity by normalizing the measured pPb spectrum to a pp reference spectrum constructed from previous measurements. In addition, the asymmetries in the charged particle yields between equivalent positive and negative pseudorapidity ranges in the center-of-mass frame are presented as a function of transverse momentum.

11 data tables

Invariant charged particle differential yield.

Invariant charged particle differential yield.

Invariant charged particle differential yield.

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Distributions of Topological Observables in Inclusive Three- and Four-Jet Events in pp Collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 75 (2015) 302, 2015.
Inspire Record 1345159 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.75115

This paper presents distributions of topological observables in inclusive three- and four-jet events produced in pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV with a data sample collected by the CMS experiment corresponding to a luminosity of 5.1 inverse femtobarns. The distributions are corrected for detector effects, and compared with several event generators based on two- and multi-parton matrix elements at leading order. Among the considered calculations, MADGRAPH interfaced with PYTHIA6 displays the best overall agreement with data.

7 data tables

CORRECTED NORMALIZED DISTRIBUTION OF THREE-JET MASS IN THE INCLUSIVE THREE-JET SAMPLE. THE PROVIDED UNCERTAINTY CORRESPONDS TO SYSTEMATIC UNCERTAINTY.

CORRECTED NORMALIZED DISTRIBUTION OF SCALED ENERGY OF THE LEADING-JET IN THE INCLUSIVE THREE-JET SAMPLE. THE PROVIDED UNCERTAINTY CORRESPONDS TO SYSTEMATIC UNCERTAINTY.

CORRECTED NORMALIZED DISTRIBUTION OF SCALED ENERGY OF THE SECOND-LEADING-JET IN THE INCLUSIVE THREE-JET SAMPLE. THE PROVIDED UNCERTAINTY CORRESPONDS TO SYSTEMATIC UNCERTAINTY.

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Measurement of the single top quark and antiquark production cross sections in the t channel and their ratio in pp collisions at sqrt(s)=13 TeV

The CMS collaboration
2018.
Inspire Record 1680899 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85704

The cross sections for the production of single top quarks and antiquarks in the $t$ channel, and their ratio, are measured in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of $13~\mathrm{TeV}$. The full data set recorded in 2016 by the CMS detector at the LHC is analyzed, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $35.9~\mathrm{fb}^{-1}$. Events with one muon or electron and two jets are selected, where one of the two jets is identified as originating from a bottom quark. A multivariate discriminator exploiting several kinematic variables is applied to separate signal from background events. The ratio $R_{t\mathrm{\text{-}ch.}}$ of the cross sections is measured to be $1.65 \pm0.02\,\text{(stat)} \pm0.04\,\text{(syst)}$. The total cross section for the production of single top quarks or antiquarks is measured to be $219.0 \pm1.5\,\text{(stat)} \pm33.0\,\text{(syst)} \,\mathrm{pb}$ and the absolute value of the CKM matrix element $V_{\mathrm{tb}}$ is determined to be $1.00 \pm0.05\,\text{(exp)} \pm0.02 \,\text{(theo)}$. All results are in agreement with the standard model predictions.

7 data tables

The measured cross section of top quark production in $t$-channel. The first uncertainty is the statistical, the second is due to profiled systematic sources, the third is due to the sources describing signal modelling (externalized), and the last due to the integrated luminosity (externalized).

The measured cross section of top antiquark production in $t$-channel. The first uncertainty is the statistical, the second is due to profiled systematic sources, the third is due to the sources describing signal modelling (externalized), and the last due to the integrated luminosity (externalized).

The measured inclusive cross section of production of the top quarks and antiquarks in $t$-channel. The first uncertainty is the statistical, the second is due to profiled systematic sources, the third is due to the sources describing signal modelling (externalized), and the last due to the integrated luminosity (externalized).

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Measurements of correlations between J/$\psi$ mesons and jets produced in $\sqrt{s}=8~\mathrm{TeV}$ pp collisions

The CMS collaboration
2019.
Inspire Record 1734182 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.90639

A study of the production of J/$\psi$ mesons in conjunction with jets in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 8~\mathrm{TeV}$ is presented. The analysis is based on data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $19.1~\mathrm{fb}^{-1}$ collected with the CMS detector at the LHC. For events with at least one observed jet, the angular separation between the J/$\psi$ meson and the jet is used to test whether the J/$\psi$ meson is a jet fragment. The differential distributions of jet fragmentation probability as a function of jet energy for a fixed J/$\psi$ energy fraction $z$ are presented. The experimental results are compared to a theoretical model using the fragmenting jet function (FJF) approach. The J/$\psi$ jet fragmentation data agree with the predictions of the FJF calculations that use specific long-distance matrix element parameters. This agreement shows that the combination of data on jet fragmentation to J/$\psi$ mesons and FJF analysis is a new way to test predictions for charmonium production from nonrelativistic quantum chromodynamics and to evaluate long-distance matrix element parameter sets. The analysis also shows that most J/$\psi$ mesons with energy above 15 GeV and rapidity $|y| < 1.0$ are fragments of jets with pseudorapidity $|\eta_{\mathrm{jet}}| <$1.

6 data tables

Experimental Xi values and FJF predictions for the four NRQCD terms using BCKL LDME parameters

Experimental Xi values and FJF predictions for the four NRQCD terms using BK LDME parameters

Experimental Xi values and FJF predictions for the four NRQCD terms using BCKL LDME parameters

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Search for a singly produced vector-like quark B decaying to a b quark and a Higgs boson in a fully hadronic final state using boosted topologies

The CMS collaboration
2017.
Inspire Record 1609848 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.82127

A search is presented for the single production of a heavy vector-like quark (B) decaying to a Higgs boson and a bottom quark, $\mathrm{B}\rightarrow\mathrm{H}\mathrm{b}$, with the Higgs boson decaying to a pair of bottom quarks. The decay products of the Higgs boson are highly boosted, hence typically collimated. They are reconstructed as a single, massive jet, with heavy flavour content. The single production of vector-like quarks is characterised by the presence of a light flavour quark emitted in the forward region of the detector. The analysis is performed using a data sample collected in 2016 by the CMS experiment at the LHC in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s}=13~\mathrm{TeV}$, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $35.9~\mathrm{fb}^{-1}$. The observation is consistent with background expectation and upper limits are placed on the production cross section times the branching ratio of a vector-like quark B decaying to a Higgs boson and a bottom quark. Values of cross section times branching ratio above $0.07$--$1.28~\mathrm{pb}$ are excluded at $95\%$ confidence level for masses of $700$--$1800~\mathrm{GeV}$, assuming a resonance with negligible width with respect to experimental resolution. Similar sensitivity is observed for different assumptions on the intrinsic width of the vector-like quark B.

14 data tables

Distribution in the reconstructed B quark mass after applying all selections to events with no forward jets and in the low mass analysis, compared to the background distributions estimated before fitting.

Distribution in the reconstructed B quark mass after applying all selections to events with at least one forward jet and in the low mass analysis, compared to the background distributions estimated before fitting.

Distribution in the reconstructed B quark mass after applying all selections to events with no forward jets and in the low mass analysis, compared to the background distributions estimated before fitting.

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Measurement of properties of Bs0 to mu+mu- decays and search for B0 to mu+mu- with the CMS experiment

The CMS collaboration
2019.
Inspire Record 1748024 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.92349

Results are reported for the ${\rm B_s^0}\to\mu^+\mu^-$ branching fraction and effective lifetime and from a search for the decay ${\rm B^0}\to\mu^+\mu^-$. The analysis uses a data sample of proton-proton collisions accumulated by the CMS experiment in 2011, 2012, and 2016, with center-of-mass energies (integrated luminosities) of 7 TeV (5 fb$^{-1}$), 8 TeV (20 fb$^{-1}$), and 13 TeV (36 fb$^{-1}$). The branching fractions are determined by measuring efficiency-corrected event yields relative to ${\rm B^+}\to{\rm J}/\psi {\rm K^+}$ decays (with ${\rm J}/\psi\to\mu^+\mu^-$), which results in the cancellation of many of the systematic uncertainties. The decay ${\rm B_s^0}\to\mu^+\mu^-$ is observed with a branching fraction of ${\cal B}({\rm B_s^0}\to\mu^+\mu^-) = {[2.9^{+0.7}_{-0.6}\,(\text{exp})\pm{0.2}\,(\text{frag})]\times10^{-9}}$, where frag refers to the uncertainty in the ratio $f_s/f_u$ of the ${\rm B_s^0}$ and the ${\rm B^+}$ fragmentation functions, corresponding to a significance of 5.6 standard deviations. No significant excess is observed for the decay ${\rm B^0}\to\mu^+\mu^-$, and the upper limit ${\cal B}({\rm B^0}\to\mu^+\mu^-) < {3.6\times10^{-10}}$ is obtained at $95\%$ confidence level. These measured branching fractions are consistent with standard model predictions, and they supersede previous results from CMS based on the 2011 and 2012 data only. Finally, the ${\rm B_s^0}\to\mu^+\mu^-$ effective lifetime is measured, for the first time in CMS, and is found to be $\tau_{\mu^+\mu^-} = {1.70^{+0.61}_{-0.44}}$ ps.

12 data tables

Branching fraction upper limit for $B^{0}\rightarrow \mu^{+}\mu^{-}$

Summary of the systematic uncertainty sources.

Summary of the fitted yields for $B_{s}^{0}\rightarrow \mu^{+}\mu^{-}$ for all 14 categories of the 3D UML branching fraction fit.

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Search for $\tau \to 3\mu$ decays using $\tau$ leptons produced in D and B meson decays

The CMS collaboration
CMS-PAS-BPH-17-004, 2019.
Inspire Record 1726178 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.95113

A search for charged lepton flavor violating decays $\tau\to3\mu$ has been performed using proton-proton collisions with a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. The analysis uses the data set collected by the CMS detector in 2016, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 33 fb$^{-1}$, and exploits $\tau$ leptons produced in D and B meson decays. No signal is observed, and an upper limit of $8.8\times 10^{-8}$ is set at the $90\%$ confidence level on the branching fraction of the $\tau$ lepton to three muons.

1 data table

Expected and observed 90% CL upper limits on the branching fraction of the tau lepton to 3 muons.


Relative cross sections of the ${\rm B_c^+(2S)}$ and ${\rm B_c^{*+}(2S)}$ states with respect to the ${\rm B_c^+}$ state in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 13$ TeV

The CMS collaboration
CMS-PAS-BPH-19-001, 2020.
Inspire Record 1797810 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.94835

The ${\rm B_c^+(2S)}$ to ${\rm B_c^+}$ and ${\rm B_c^{*+}(2S)}$ to ${\rm B_c^+}$ cross section ratios, as well as the ${\rm B_c^{*+}(2S)}$ to ${\rm B_c^+(2S)}$ cross section ratio, are measured in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 13$ TeV, using a data sample collected by the CMS experiment, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 143 fb$^{-1}$. The three measurements are made in the ${\rm B_c^+}$ phase space window defined by transverse momentum $p_{\rm T} > 15$ GeV and absolute rapidity $|y| < 2.4$, with the excited ${\rm B_c^{(*)+}(2S)}$ states reconstructed in their ${\rm B_c^+} \pi^+ \pi^-$ decay. The ${\rm B_c^+(2S)}$ to ${\rm B_c^+}$, ${\rm B_c^{*+}(2S)}$ to ${\rm B_c^+}$, and ${\rm B_c^{*+}(2S)}$ to ${\rm B_c^+(2S)}$ cross section ratios, including the (unknown) ${\rm B_c^{(*)+}(2S) \to B_c^+}\pi^+\pi^-$ branching fractions, are ${\rm (3.57 \pm 0.69~(stat) \pm 0.32~(syst))\,\%}$, ${\rm (4.91 \pm 0.69~(stat) \pm 0.57~(syst))\,\%}$, and ${\rm 1.39 \pm 0.35~(stat) \pm 0.09~(syst)}$, respectively, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. None of these ratios shows a significant dependence on the $p_{\rm T}$ or $|y|$ of the ${\rm B_c^+}$. The shape of the invariant mass distribution of the dipions emitted in the ${\rm B_c^{(*)+}(2S) \to B_c^+}\pi^+\pi^-$ decays is also reported.

5 data tables

Relative cross sections of the Bc(2S) and Bc(2S)* states with respect to the Bc.

Invariant mass distribution of the dipion system.

Invariant mass distribution of the dipion system.

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Study of the $\mathrm{B}^{+}\rightarrow \mathrm{J}/\psi \bar{\Lambda} \mathrm{p}$ decay in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}= 8~\mathrm{TeV}$

The CMS collaboration
CMS-PAS-BPH-18-005, 2019.
Inspire Record 1726694 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.89270

A study of the $\mathrm{B}^{+} \rightarrow \mathrm{J}/\psi \bar{\Lambda} \mathrm{p}$ decay is reported, using proton-proton collision data collected at $\sqrt{s}= 8~\mathrm{TeV}$ by the CMS experiment at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $19.6~\mathrm{fb}^{-1}$. The ratio of branching fractions $\frac{{\cal B}(\mathrm{B}^{+} \rightarrow \mathrm{J}/\psi \bar{\Lambda} \mathrm{p})}{{\cal B}(\mathrm{B}^{+} \rightarrow \mathrm{J}/\psi \mathrm{K}^{*+})}$ is measured to be $1.054\pm0.057~\text{(stat)} \pm0.028~\text{(syst)}\pm0.011({\cal B})\%$, where the first uncertainty is statistical, the second is systematic, and the third reflects the uncertainties in the world-average branching fractions. The invariant mass distributions of $\mathrm{J}/\psi \bar{\Lambda}$, $\mathrm{J}/\psi \mathrm{p}$, and $\bar{\Lambda} \mathrm{p}$ systems produced in the $\mathrm{B}^{+} \rightarrow \mathrm{J}/\psi \bar{\Lambda} \mathrm{p}$ decay are investigated and found to be inconsistent with the pure phase space hypothesis. The analysis is extended by using a model-independent angular amplitude analysis, which shows that the inclusion of contributions from excited kaons in the $\bar{\Lambda} \mathrm{p}$ system does improve the description of the observed invariant mass distributions.

1 data table

The measured ratio of branching fractios


Version 2
Measurement of the $CP$ violating phase $\phi_{\text{s}}$ in the $\mathrm{B}_s \to \mathrm{J}/\psi\,\phi(1020) \to \mu^+\mu^-\,\mathrm{K}^+\mathrm{K}^-$ channel in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 13~\mathrm{TeV}$

The CMS collaboration
CMS-PAS-BPH-20-001, 2020.
Inspire Record 1789136 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.95676

The $CP$ violating weak phase $\phi_{\text{s}}$, and the decay width difference $\Delta\Gamma_{\text{s}}$ between the light and heavy $\mathrm{B_s}$ mass eigenstates are measured with the CMS detector at the LHC in a sample of reconstructed $\mathrm{B}_s \to \mathrm{J}/\psi\,\phi(1020) \to \mu^+\mu^-\,\mathrm{K}^+\mathrm{K}^-$ decays. The measurement is based on a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $96.4\;\mathrm{fb}^{-1}$, collected in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of $13\;\mathrm{TeV}$ in 2017-2018. To extract the values of $\phi_{\text{s}}$ and $\Delta\Gamma_{\text{s}}$, a time-dependent and flavor-tagged angular analysis of the $\mu^+\mu^-\,\mathrm{K}^+\mathrm{K}^-$ final state is performed. The analysis employs a novel opposite-side muon flavor tagger based on machine learning techniques, which, in conjunction with a dedicated tagging trigger, allowed to reach an unprecedented tagging power. The measurement yields $\phi_{\text{s}} = -0.011 \pm 0.050\,\mathrm{(stat)} \pm 0.010\,\mathrm{(syst)}\;\mathrm{rad}$, and $\Delta\Gamma_{\text{s}} = 0.114 \pm 0.014\,\mathrm{(stat)} \pm 0.007\,\mathrm{(syst)}\;\mathrm{ps}^{-1}$, in agreement with the standard model predictions. When combined with our previous measurement at a center-of-mass energy of 8 TeV, the following values are obtained: $\phi_{\text{s}} = -0.021 \pm 0.045\;\mathrm{rad}$, $\Delta\Gamma_{\text{s}} = 0.1074 \pm 0.0097\;\mathrm{ps}^{-1}$, a significant improvement over the 8 TeV result.

4 data tables

Results of the fit to data. Statistical uncertainties are obtained from the increase in $-\log{\mathcal{L}}$ by 0.5.

Values of parameter obtained combining the 13 TeV results with those obtained at 8 TeV. Uncertainties are both statistical and systematic.

Statistical error correlation matrix of the physics parameters of interest, as obtained from the fit to data at 13 TeV.

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Measurement of charged pion, kaon, and proton production in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 96 (2017) 112003, 2017.
Inspire Record 1608166 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.80168

Transverse momentum spectra of charged pions, kaons, and protons are measured in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 13 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC. The particles, identified via their energy loss in the silicon tracker, are measured in the transverse momentum range of pt ~ 0.1-1.7 GeV and rapidities abs(y) < 1. The pt spectra and integrated yields are compared to previous results at smaller sqrt(s) and to predictions of Monte Carlo event generators. The average pt increases with particle mass and charged particle multiplicity of the event. Comparisons with previous CMS results at sqrt(s) = 0.9, 2.76, and 7 TeV show that the average pt and the ratios of hadron yields feature very similar dependences on the particle multiplicity in the event, independently of the center-of-mass energy of the pp collision.

42 data tables

Measured transverse momentum distributions of identified charged hadrons (PI+, K+ and P) at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV.

Measured transverse momentum distributions of identified charged hadrons (PI-, K- and PBAR) at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV.

Measured transverse momentum distributions of identified charged hadrons (PI+, K+ and P) at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV for multiplicity class 1 (Nrec=0-9).

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Measurements of $\mathrm{t\overline{t}}$ differential cross sections in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV using events containing two leptons

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 02 (2019) 149, 2019.
Inspire Record 1703993 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.89307

Measurements of differential top quark pair $\mathrm{t\overline{t}}$ cross sections using events produced in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV containing two oppositely charged leptons are presented. The data were recorded by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC in 2016 and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. The differential cross sections are presented as functions of kinematic observables of the top quarks and their decay products, the $\mathrm{t\overline{t}}$ system, and the total number of jets in the event. The differential cross sections are defined both with particle-level objects in a fiducial phase space close to that of the detector acceptance and with parton-level top quarks in the full phase space. All results are compared with standard model predictions from Monte Carlo simulations with next-to-leading-order (NLO) accuracy in quantum chromodynamics (QCD) at matrix-element level interfaced to parton-shower simulations. Where possible, parton-level results are compared to calculations with beyond-NLO precision in QCD. Significant disagreement is observed between data and all predictions for several observables. The measurements are used to constrain the top quark chromomagnetic dipole moment in an effective field theory framework at NLO in QCD and to extract $\mathrm{t\overline{t}}$ and leptonic charge asymmetries.

188 data tables

Measured absolute differential cross section at parton level as a function of $p_{T}^{t}$.

Covariance matrix of the absolute differential cross section at parton level as a function of $p_{T}^{t}$.

Measured normalised differential cross section at parton level as a function of $p_{T}^{t}$.

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Jet Shapes of Isolated Photon-Tagged Jets in Pb-Pb and pp Collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 122 (2019) 152001, 2019.
Inspire Record 1695278 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85627

The modification of jet shapes in PbPb collisions, relative to those in pp collisions, is studied for jets associated with an isolated photon. The data were collected with the CMS detector at the LHC at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV. Jet shapes are constructed from charged particles with track transverse momenta ($p_\mathrm{T}$) above 1 GeV/c in annuli around the axes of jets with $p^\mathrm{jet}_\mathrm{T}$ $>$ 30 GeV/c associated with an isolated photon with $p^\gamma_\mathrm{T}$ $>$ 60 GeV/c. The jet shape distributions are consistent between peripheral PbPb and pp collisions, but are modified for more central PbPb collisions. In these central PbPb events, a larger fraction of the jet momentum is observed at larger distances from the jet axis compared to pp, reflecting the interaction between the partonic medium created in heavy ion collisions and the traversing partons.

9 data tables

The differential jet shape, $\rho(r)$, for jets associated with an isolated photon in pp collisions.

The differential jet shape, $\rho(r)$, for jets associated with an isolated photon in 50-100% centrality PbPb collisions.

The differential jet shape, $\rho(r)$, for jets associated with an isolated photon in 30-50% centrality PbPb collisions.

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Search for leptoquarks coupled to third-generation quarks in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 121 (2018) 241802, 2018.
Inspire Record 1694381 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85765

Three of the most significant measured deviations from standard model predictions, the enhanced decay rate for B $\to$ D$^{(*)}\tau\nu$, hints of lepton universality violation in B $\to$ K$^{(*)}\ell\ell$ decays, and the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon, can be explained by the existence of leptoquarks (LQs) with large couplings to third-generation quarks and masses at the TeV scale. The existence of these states can be probed at the LHC in high energy proton-proton collisions. A novel search is presented for pair production of LQs coupled to a top quark and a muon using data at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$, recorded by the CMS experiment. No deviation from the standard model prediction has been observed and scalar LQs decaying exclusively into t$\mu$ are excluded up to masses of 1420 GeV. The results of this search are combined with those from previous searches for LQ decays into t$\tau$ and b$\nu$, which excluded scalar LQs below masses of 900 and 1080 GeV. Vector LQs are excluded up to masses of 1190 GeV for all possible combinations of branching fractions to t$\mu$, t$\tau$ and b$\nu$. With this analysis, all relevant couplings of LQs with an electric charge of -1/3 to third-generation quarks are probed for the first time.

6 data tables

Distributions for $M_{LQ}^{rec}$ (category A) after applying the full selection. All backgrounds are normalized according to the post-fit nuisance parameters based on the corresponding SM cross sections.

Distributions for $S_{T}$ (category B) after applying the full selection and estimating the $t\overline{t}$ and DY+jets background contributions from data in category B. All backgrounds are normalized according to the post-fit nuisance parameters based on the corresponding SM cross sections.

Observed upper limits on the production cross section for pair production of LQs decaying into a top quark and a muon or a $\tau$ lepton at 95% CL in the $M_{LQ} - B(LQ \rightarrow t\mu)$ plane.

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Search for resonant and nonresonant new phenomena in high-mass dilepton final states at $\sqrt{s} = $ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
CMS-EXO-19-019, 2021.
Inspire Record 1849964 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.101186

A search is presented for physics beyond the standard model (SM) using electron or muon pairs with high invariant mass. A data set of proton-proton collisions collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV from 2016 to 2018 corresponding to a total integrated luminosity of up to 140 fb$^{-1}$ is analyzed. No significant deviation is observed with respect to the SM background expectations. Upper limits are presented on the ratio of the product of the production cross section and the branching fraction to dileptons of a new narrow resonance to that of the Z boson. These provide the most stringent lower limits to date on the masses for various spin-1 particles, spin-2 gravitons in the Randall--Sundrum model, as well as spin-1 mediators between the SM and dark matter particles. Lower limits on the ultraviolet cutoff parameter are set both for four-fermion contact interactions and for the Arkani-Hamed, Dimopoulos, and Dvali model with large extra dimensions. Lepton flavor universality is tested at the TeV scale for the first time by comparing the dimuon and dielectron mass spectra. No significant deviation from the SM expectation of unity is observed.

40 data tables

Product of acceptance and efficiency for dielectron pairs as a function of generated mass in simulated events. The DY samples are used to represent spin-1 particles, and RS graviton samples are used for spin-2 particles.

Product of acceptance and efficiency for dimuon pairs as a function of generated mass in simulated events. The DY samples are used to represent spin-1 particles, and RS graviton samples are used for spin-2 particles.

The invariant mass spectra of dielectron events. The points with error bars represent the observed yield. The histogram represents the expectations from the SM processes. The bins have equal width in logarithmic scale so that the width in GeV becomes larger with increasing mass.

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Azimuthal separation in nearly back-to-back jet topologies in inclusive 2- and 3-jet events in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 79 (2019) 773, 2019.
Inspire Record 1719955 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.89878

A measurement for inclusive 2- and 3-jet events of the azimuthal correlation between the two jets with the largest transverse momenta, $\Delta\phi_{12}$ , is presented. The measurement considers events where the two leading jets are nearly collinear ("back-to-back") in the transverse plane and is performed for several ranges of the leading jet transverse momentum. Proton-proton collision data collected with the CMS experiment at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$ are used. Predictions based on calculations using matrix elements at leading-order and next-to-leading-order accuracy in perturbative quantum chromodynamics supplemented with leading-log parton showers and hadronization are generally in agreement with the measurements. Discrepancies between the measurement and theoretical predictions are as large as 15%, mainly in the region 177$^\circ$ $<$ $\Delta\phi_{12}$ $<$ 180$^\circ$. The 2- and 3-jet measurements are not simultaneously described by any of models.

54 data tables

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Pseudorapidity distributions of charged hadrons in xenon-xenon collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.44 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 799 (2019) 135049, 2019.
Inspire Record 1719334 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88285

Measurements of the pseudorapidity distributions of charged hadrons produced in xenon-xenon collisions at a nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.44 TeV are presented. The measurements are based on data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The yield of primary charged hadrons produced in xenon-xenon collisions in the pseudorapidity range $|\eta|$ $<$ 3.2 is determined using the silicon pixel detector in the CMS tracking system. For the 5% most central collisions, the charged-hadron pseudorapidity density in the midrapidity region $|\eta|$ $<$ 0.5 is found to be 1187 $\pm$ 36 (syst), with a negligible statistical uncertainty. The rapidity distribution of charged hadrons is also presented in the range $|y|$ $<$ 3.2 and is found to be independent of rapidity around $y =$ 0. Existing Monte-Carlo event generators are unable to simultaneously describe both results. Comparisons of charged-hadron multiplicities between xenon-xenon and lead-lead collisions at similar collision energies show that particle production at midrapidity is strongly dependent on the collision geometry in addition to the system size and collision energy.

7 data tables

Averaged and symmetrised charged-hadron pseudorapidity density distributions in XeXe collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 5.44$ TeV, for events in the 0--80\%, 0--5\%, and 50--55\% centrality intervals. The total uncertainty is dominated by the systematic uncertainty, and statistical uncertainties are negligible.

Averaged and symmetrised charged-hadron rapidity density distributions in XeXe collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 5.44$ TeV, for events in the 0--80\% centrality interval. The total uncertainty is dominated by the systematic uncertainty, and statistical uncertainties are negligible.

Charged-hadron pseudorapidity density in XeXe collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 5.44$ TeV at midrapidity as a function of event centrality. The total uncertainty is dominated by the systematic uncertainty, and statistical uncertainties are negligible.

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Measurement of electroweak WZ boson production and search for new physics in WZ + two jets events in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 795 (2019) 281-307, 2019.
Inspire Record 1713565 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.89174

A measurement of WZ electroweak (EW) vector boson scattering is presented. The measurement is performed in the leptonic decay modes WZ $\to$ $\ell\nu\ell'\ell'$, where $\ell, \ell' = $ e, $\mu$. The analysis is based on a data sample of proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV at the LHC collected with the CMS detector and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. The WZ plus two jet production cross section is measured in fiducial regions with enhanced contributions from EW production and found to be consistent with standard model predictions. The EW WZ production in association with two jets is measured with an observed (expected) significance of 2.2 (2.5) standard deviations. Constraints on charged Higgs boson production and on anomalous quartic gauge couplings in terms of dimension-eight effective field theory operators are also presented.

5 data tables

The measured WZ cross section in the tight EWK fiducial region.

The measured WZ cross section in the loose EWK fiducial region.

The measured EWK WZ scale factor (mu) in the tight EWK fiducial region. The uncertainty is the combined stastical uncertianty and the systematic uncertainty including experimental and theortical sources

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Observation of Two Excited B$^+_\mathrm{c}$ States and Measurement of the B$^+_\mathrm{c}$(2S) Mass in pp Collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 122 (2019) 132001, 2019.
Inspire Record 1718338 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88919

Signals consistent with the B$^+_\mathrm{c}$(2S) and B$^{*+}_\mathrm{c}$(2S) states are observed in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV, in an event sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 140 fb$^{-1}$, collected by the CMS experiment during the 2016, 2017, and 2018 LHC running periods. These excited $\bar{\mathrm{b}}$c states are observed in the B$^+_\mathrm{c}\pi^+\pi^-$ invariant mass spectrum, with the ground state B$^+_\mathrm{c}$ reconstructed through its decay to J/$\psi\,\pi^+$. The two states are well resolved from each other and are observed with a significance exceeding five standard deviations. The mass of the B$^+_\mathrm{c}$(2S) meson is measured to be 6871.0 $\pm$ 1.2 (stat) $\pm$ 0.8 (syst) $\pm$ 0.8 (B$^+_\mathrm{c}$) MeV, where the last term corresponds to the uncertainty in the world-average B$^+_\mathrm{c}$ mass.

2 data tables

Observation of the Bc(2S) and Bc(2S)* states and measurement of the Bc(2S) mass.

Observation of the Bc(2S) and Bc(2S)* states and measurement of the Bc(2S) mass.


Search for $W$ boson decays to three charged pions

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 122 (2019) 151802, 2019.
Inspire Record 1717867 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.90000

For the first time, a search for the rare decay of the W boson to three charged pions has been performed. Proton-proton collision data recorded by the CMS experiment at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 77.3 fb$^{-1}$, have been analyzed. No significant excess is observed above the background expectation. An upper limit of 1.01 $\times$ 10$^{-6}$ is set at 95% confidence level on the branching fraction of the W boson to three charged pions. This provides a strong motivation for theoretical calculations of this branching fraction.

3 data tables

Expected and observed 95% CL upper limits on the branching fraction of the W boson to 3 charged pions, using 2016 and 2017 data

Expected and observed 95% CL upper limits on the branching fraction of the W boson to 3 charged pions, using 2016 data

Expected and observed 95% CL upper limits on the branching fraction of the W boson to 3 charged pions, using 2017 data


Observation of the Production of Three Massive Gauge Bosons at $\sqrt {s}$ =13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 125 (2020) 151802, 2020.
Inspire Record 1802096 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.95926

The first observation is reported of the combined production of three massive gauge bosons (VVV with V = W,Z) in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. The analysis is based on a data sample recorded by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb$^{-1}$. The searches for individual WWW, WWZ, WZZ, and ZZZ production are performed in final states with three, four, five, and six leptons (electrons or muons), or with two same-sign leptons plus one or two jets. The observed (expected) significance of the combined VVV production signal is 5.7 (5.9) standard deviations and the corresponding measured cross section relative to the standard model prediction is 1.02 $^{+0.26}_{-0.23}$. The significances of the individual WWW and WWZ production are 3.3 and 3.4 standard deviations, respectively. Measured production cross sections for the individual triboson processes are also reported.

4 data tables

Comparison of the observed numbers of events to the predicted yields after fitting. For the WWW and WWZ channels, the results from the BDT-based selections are used. The VVV signal is shown stacked on top of the total background. The points represent the data and the error bars show the statistical uncertainties.

Comparison of the observed numbers of events to the predicted yields after fitting. For the WWW and WWZ channels, the results from the BDT-based selections are used. The VVV signal is shown stacked on top of the total background. The points represent the data and the error bars show the statistical uncertainties.

Best fit values of the signal strengths for the BDT-based analyses (blue solid circles) and the sequential-cut analyses (black open circles). The error bars represent the total uncertainty. For ZZZ production, a 95% confidence level upper limit is shown. The stated numerical values correspond to the BDT-based analysis.

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Measurement of the azimuthal anisotropy of $\Upsilon$(1S) and $\Upsilon$(2S) mesons in PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
CMS-HIN-19-002, 2020.
Inspire Record 1801111 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.93880

The second-order Fourier coefficients ($v_2$) characterizing the azimuthal distribution of $\Upsilon$(1S) and $\Upsilon$(2S) mesons arising from PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.02 TeV are studied. The $\Upsilon$ mesons are reconstructed in their dimuon decay channel, as measured by the CMS detector. The data set was collected in 2018 and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 1.7 nb$^{-1}$. The scalar product method is used to extract the $v_2$ coefficients of the azimuthal distribution. Results are reported for the rapidity range $|y|\lt$ 2.4, with the transverse momentum 0 $\lt p_\mathrm{T} \lt$ 50 GeV/$c$, and in three centrality ranges of 10-30, 30-50 and 50-90%. In contrast to the J/$\psi$ mesons, no azimuthal anisotropy is observed for the $\Upsilon$ mesons.

5 data tables

$v_{2}$ of $\Upsilon(\mathrm{1S})$ mesons as a function of collision centrality.

$v_{2}$ of $\Upsilon(\mathrm{1S})$ and $\Upsilon(\mathrm{2S})$ mesons integrated for 10-90% centrality range.

$v_{2}$ of $\Upsilon(\mathrm{1S})$ as a function of $p_{\mathrm{T}}$ in 10-90% centrality range.

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Observation of the B$^0_\mathrm{s}\to $X(3872)$\phi$ decay

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 125 (2020) 152001, 2020.
Inspire Record 1795066 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.94444

Using a data sample of proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 140 fb$^{-1}$ collected by the CMS experiment in 2016-2018, the B$^0_\mathrm{s}$ $\to$ X(3872)$\phi$ decay is observed. Decays into J/$\psi\,\pi^+\pi^-$ and K$^+$K$^-$ are used to reconstruct, respectively, the X(3872) and $\phi$. The ratio of the product of branching fractions $\mathcal{B}($B$^0_\mathrm{s}$ $\to$ X(3872)$\phi)\,\mathcal{B}($X(3872) $\to$ J$/\psi\,\pi^+\pi^-)$ to the product $\mathcal{B}($B$^0_\mathrm{s}$ $\to$ $\psi$(2S)$\phi)\,\mathcal{B}(\psi$(2S) $\to$ J/$\psi\,\pi^+\pi^-)$ is measured to be (2.21 $\pm$ 0.29 (stat) $\pm$ 0.17 (syst))%. The ratio $\mathcal{B}($B$^0_\mathrm{s}$ $\to$ X(3872)$\phi) / \mathcal{B}($B$^{0}$ $\to$ X(3872)K$^0)$ is found to be consistent with one, while the ratio $\mathcal{B}($B$^0_\mathrm{s}$ $\to$ X(3872)$\phi) / \mathcal{B}($B$^+$ $\to$ X(3872)K$^+)$ is two times smaller. This suggests a difference in the production dynamics of the X(3872) in B$^0$ and B$^0_\mathrm{s}$ meson decays compared to B$^+$. The reported observation may shed new light on the nature of the X(3872) particle.

1 data table

The measured ratio of branching fraction products


Search for a light charged Higgs boson in the H$^\pm$ $\to $ cs channel in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 102 (2020) 072001, 2020.
Inspire Record 1796727 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.94261

A search is conducted for a low-mass charged Higgs boson produced in a top quark decay and subsequently decaying into a charm and a strange quark. The data sample was recorded in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV by the CMS experiment at the LHC and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. The search is performed in the process of top quark pair production, where one top quark decays to a bottom quark and a charged Higgs boson, and the other to a bottom quark and a W boson. With the W boson decaying to a charged lepton (electron or muon) and a neutrino, the final state comprises an isolated lepton, missing transverse momentum, and at least four jets, of which two are tagged as b jets. To enhance the search sensitivity, one of the jets originating from the charged Higgs boson is required to satisfy a charm tagging selection. No significant excess beyond standard model predictions is found in the dijet invariant mass distribution. An upper limit in the range 1.68-0.25% is set on the branching fraction of the top quark decay to the charged Higgs boson and bottom quark for a charged Higgs boson mass between 80 and 160 GeV.

3 data tables

Expected and observed 95% CL exclusion limits in % on BR(t->H+ b) for the muon channel after the individual charm tagging categories have been combined.

Expected and observed 95% CL exclusion limits in % on BR(t->H+ b) for the electron channel after the individual charm tagging categories have been combined.

Expected and observed 95% CL exclusion limits in % on BR(t->H+ b) after the individual charm tagging categories and the muon and electron channels have been combined.