Measurement of W$\gamma$ production cross section in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV and constraints on effective field theory coefficients

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 126 (2021) 252002, 2021.
Inspire Record 1844754 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.102462

A fiducial cross section for W$\gamma$ production in proton-proton collisions is measured at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV in 137 fb$^{-1}$ of data collected using the CMS detector at the LHC. The W $\to$ e$\nu$ and $\mu\nu$ decay modes are used in a maximum-likelihood fit to the lepton-photon invariant mass distribution to extract the combined cross section. The measured cross section is compared with theoretical expectations at next-to-leading order in quantum chromodynamics. In addition, 95% confidence level intervals are reported for anomalous triple-gauge couplings within the framework of effective field theory.

4 data tables

The measured Wgamma fiducial cross section and corresponding theoretical predictions from MadGraph5_aMC@NLO and POWHEG. The MadGraph5_aMC@NLO prediction includes 0 and 1 jets in the matrix element at NLO in QCD. The POWHEG prediction uses the C-NLO method described in https://arxiv.org/abs/1408.5766. The cross section is measured in a fiducial region defined with isolated prompt photons and isolated prompt dressed leptons (electrons and muons). A lepton or photon is considered isolated if the pt sum of all stable particles within Delta R = 0.4, divided by the pt of the lepton or photon, is less than 0.5. A lepton is considered prompt if it originates from the hard process or from the decay of a tau lepton that originates from the hard process; a photon is considered prompt if it originates from the hard process or an FSR or ISR process involving a particle that originates from the hard process. A lepton is dressed by adding to its four-momentum the four-momenta of all photons within DeltaR = 0.1; this procedure is intended to restore the lepton to its pre-FSR state. The fiducial region kinematic requirements are: photon and lepton |eta|<2.5 and pt > 25 GeV, and DeltaR(lepton,photon) > 0.5.

Data and SM expected event yields corresponding to photon pt distribution used to extract aTGC limits.

95% CL limits on effective field theory parameters in Wgamma events. No unitarity regularisation scheme is applied. All parameters are fixed to their SM values except the one that is fitted.

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Fragmentation of jets containing a prompt J$/\psi$ meson in PbPb and pp collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Bergauer, Thomas ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 825 (2022) 136842, 2022.
Inspire Record 1870319 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.95234

Jets containing a prompt J$/\psi$ meson are studied in lead-lead collisions at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV, using the CMS detector at the LHC. Jets are selected to be in the transverse momentum range of 30 $\lt$$p_\mathrm{T}$$\lt$ 40 GeV. The J$/\psi$ yield in these jets is evaluated as a function of the jet fragmentation variable $z$, the ratio of the J$/\psi$$p_\mathrm{T} $ to the jet $p_\mathrm{T}$. The nuclear modification factor, $R_\mathrm{AA}$, is then derived by comparing the yield in lead-lead collisions to the corresponding expectation based on proton-proton data, at the same nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy. The suppression of the J$/\psi$ yield shows a dependence on $z$, indicating that the interaction of the J$/\psi$ with the quark-gluon plasma formed in heavy ion collisions depends on the fragmentation that gives rise to the J$/\psi$ meson.

4 data tables

Normalized $z$ distribution in pp collisions.

The J/$\psi$ differential cross section in pp and the $T_{AA}$-scaled yield in PbPb collisions, as a function of $z$.

The nuclear modification factor R$_{\rm AA}$, as a function of $z$.

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Measurement of b jet shapes in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 05 (2021) 054, 2021.
Inspire Record 1798501 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.89876

We present the first study of charged-hadron production associated with jets originating from b quarks in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV. The data sample used in this study was collected with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 27.4 pb$^{-1}$. To characterize the jet substructure, the differential jet shapes, defined as the normalized transverse momentum distribution of charged hadrons as a function of angular distance from the jet axis, are measured for b jets. In addition to the jet shapes, the per-jet yields of charged particles associated with b jets are also quantified, again as a function of the angular distance with respect to the jet axis. Extracted jet shape and particle yield distributions for b jets are compared with results for inclusive jets, as well as with the predictions from the PYTHIA and HERWIG++ event generators.

10 data tables

The charged particle yield distribution $Y(\Delta r)$ of inclusive jets with $p_T > 120$ GeV and $1< p^{\text{trk}}_T < 12$ GeV are presented as functions of $\Delta r$ for differential $p_{\text{T}}^{\text{trk}}$ bin.

The charged particle yield distribution $Y(\Delta r)$ of b jets with $p_T > 120$ GeV and $1< p^{\text{trk}}_T < 12$ GeV are presented as functions of $\Delta r$ for differential $p_{\text{T}}^{\text{trk}}$ bin.

Charged particle yield distributions $Y(\Delta r)$ of inclusive jets with $1 < p_{\text{T}}^{\text{trk}} < 12$ GeV are presented as functions of $\Delta r$.Inclusive jets with $p_T > 120$ GeV and charged particles with $1 < p^{\text{trk}}_{\text{T}} < 12$ GeV are used to construct the distributions as functions of $\Delta r$ differential $p_{\text{T}}^{\text{trk}}$ bins.

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Search for singly and pair-produced leptoquarks coupling to third-generation fermions in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 819 (2021) 136446, 2021.
Inspire Record 1835316 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.104980

A search for leptoquarks produced singly and in pairs in proton-proton collisions is presented. We consider the leptoquark (LQ) to be a scalar particle of charge -1/3$e$ coupling to a top quark plus a tau lepton ($\mathrm{t}\tau$) or a bottom quark plus a neutrino ($\mathrm{b}\nu$), or a vector particle of charge +2/3$e$, coupling to $\mathrm{t}\nu$ or $\mathrm{b}\tau$. These choices are motivated by models that can explain a series of anomalies observed in the measurement of B meson decays. In this analysis the signatures $\mathrm{t}\tau\nu\mathrm{b}$ and $\mathrm{t}\tau\nu$ are probed, using data recorded by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV and that correspond to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb$^{-1}$. These signatures have not been previously explored in a dedicated search. The data are found to be in agreement with the standard model prediction. Lower limits at 95% confidence level are set on the LQ mass in the range 0.98-1.73 TeV, depending on the LQ spin and its coupling $\lambda$ to a lepton and a quark, and assuming equal branching fractions for the two LQ decay modes considered. These are the most stringent constraints to date on the existence of leptoquarks in this scenario.

4 data tables

Pair leptoquark (LQ) total selection efficiency, accounting for both the decay branching fraction and the event selection, for events that pass the signal region requirements and any of the top quark or b jet categories defined in the search.

Single scalar leptoquark (LQs) total selection efficiency, accounting for both the decay branching fraction and the event selection, for events that pass the signal region requirements and any of the top quark or b jet categories defined in the search.

Single vector leptoquark (LQv) k = 0 total selection efficiency, accounting for both the decay branching fraction and the event selection, for events that pass the signal region requirements and any of the top quark or b jet categories defined in the search.

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Evidence for light-by-light scattering and searches for axion-like particles in ultraperipheral PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 797 (2019) 134826, 2019.
Inspire Record 1697838 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.95242

Evidence for the light-by-light scattering process, $\gamma\gamma$ $\to$ $\gamma\gamma$, in ultraperipheral PbPb collisions at a centre-of-mass energy per nucleon pair of 5.02 TeV is reported. The analysis is conducted using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 390 $\mu$b$^{-1}$ recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC. Light-by-light scattering processes are selected in events with two photons exclusively produced, each with transverse energy E$_\mathrm{T}^{\gamma}$ $>$ 2 GeV, pseudorapidity $|\eta^{\gamma}|$ $\lt$ 2.4, diphoton invariant mass $m^{\gamma\gamma}$ $\gt$ 5 GeV, diphoton transverse momentum $p_\mathrm{T}^{\gamma\gamma}$ $\lt$ 1 GeV, and diphoton acoplanarity below 0.01. After all selection criteria are applied, 14 events are observed, compared to expectations of 9.0 $\pm$ 0.9 (theo) events for the signal and 4.0 $\pm$ 1.2 (stat) for the background processes. The excess observed in data relative to the background-only expectation corresponds to a significance of 3.7 standard deviations, and has properties consistent with those expected for the light-by-light scattering signal. The measured fiducial light-by-light scattering cross section, $\sigma_\mathrm{fid} (\gamma\gamma$ $\to$ $\gamma\gamma) =$ 120 $\pm$ 46 (stat) $\pm$ 28 (syst) $\pm$ 12 (theo) nb, is consistent with the standard model prediction. The $m^{\gamma\gamma}$ distribution is used to set new exclusion limits on the production of pseudoscalar axion-like particles, via the $\gamma\gamma$ $\to$ a $\to$ $\gamma\gamma$ process, in the mass range $m_{\mathrm{a}} =$ 5-90 GeV.

8 data tables

Detector-level diphoton acoplanarity distribution

Detector-level photon E$_{T}$ distribution

Detector-level photon $\eta$ distribution

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Search for a standard model-like Higgs boson in the mass range between 70 and 110 GeV in the diphoton final state in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 8 and 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 793 (2019) 320-347, 2019.
Inspire Record 1704494 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.91266

The results of a search for a standard model-like Higgs boson in the mass range between 70 and 110 GeV decaying into two photons are presented. The analysis uses the data set collected with the CMS experiment in proton-proton collisions during the 2012 and 2016 LHC running periods. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 (35.9) fb$^{-1}$ at $\sqrt{s} =$8 (13) TeV. The expected and observed 95% confidence level upper limits on the product of the cross section and branching fraction into two photons are presented. The observed upper limit for the 2012 (2016) data set ranges from 129 (161) fb to 31 (26) fb. The statistical combination of the results from the analyses of the two data sets in the common mass range between 80 and 110 GeV yields an upper limit on the product of the cross section and branching fraction, normalized to that for a standard model-like Higgs boson, ranging from 0.7 to 0.2, with two notable exceptions: one in the region around the Z boson peak, where the limit rises to 1.1, which may be due to the presence of Drell-Yan dielectron production where electrons could be misidentified as isolated photons, and a second due to an observed excess with respect to the standard model prediction, which is maximal for a mass hypothesis of 95.3 GeV with a local (global) significance of 2.8 (1.3) standard deviations.

7 data tables

Expected and observed exclusion limits (95% CL, in the asymptotic approximation) on the product of the production cross section and branching fraction into two photons for an additional SM-like Higgs boson, from the analysis of the 13 TeV data. The inner and outer bands indicate the regions containing the distribution of limits located within 1 and 2 $sigma, respectively, of the expectation under the background-only hypothesis. The corresponding theoretical prediction for the product of the cross section and branching fraction into two photons for an additional SM-like Higgs boson is shown as a solid line with a hatched band, indicating its uncertainty

Expected and observed exclusion limits (95% CL, in the asymptotic approximation) on the product of the production cross section and branching fraction into two photons for an additional SM-like Higgs boson, from the analysis of the 8 TeV data. The inner and outer bands indicate the regions containing the distribution of limits located within 1 and 2 $sigma, respectively, of the expectation under the background-only hypothesis. The corresponding theoretical prediction for the product of the cross section and branching fraction into two photons for an additional SM-like Higgs boson is shown as a solid line with a hatched band, indicating its uncertainty

Expected and observed exclusion limits (95% CL, in the asymptotic approximation) on the product of the production cross section and branching fraction into two photons for an additional SM-like Higgs boson, for the ggH plus ttH processes, from the analysis of the 8 TeV data. The inner and outer bands indicate the regions containing the distribution of limits located within $pm 1 and 2 $sigma, respectively, of the expectation under the background-only hypothesis.

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Measurement of the $\chi_\mathrm{c1}$ and $\chi_\mathrm{c2}$ polarizations in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 124 (2020) 162002, 2020.
Inspire Record 1771351 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.92245

The polarizations of promptly produced $\chi_\mathrm{c1}$ and $\chi_\mathrm{c2}$ mesons are studied using data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC, in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} = $ 8 TeV. The $\chi_\mathrm{c}$ states are reconstructed via their radiative decays $\chi_\mathrm{c}$ $\to$ $\mathrm{J}/\psi\, \gamma$, with the photons being measured through conversions to e$^+$e$^-$, which allows the two states to be well resolved. The polarizations are measured in the helicity frame, through the analysis of the $\chi_\mathrm{c2}$ to $\chi_\mathrm{c1}$ yield ratio as a function of the polar or azimuthal angle of the positive muon emitted in the $\mathrm{J}/\psi$ $\to$ $\mu^+\mu^-$ decay, in three ranges of $\mathrm{J}/\psi$ transverse momentum. While no differences are seen between the two states in terms of azimuthal decay angle distributions, they are observed to have significantly different polar anisotropies. The measurement favors a scenario where at least one of the two states is strongly polarized along the helicity quantization axis, in agreement with nonrelativistic quantum chromodynamics predictions. This is the first measurement of significantly polarized quarkonia produced at high transverse momentum.

6 data tables

Yield ratios of chi_c2 over chi_c1 mesons as a function of phi (HX) in the J/psi pT range 8-12 GeV

Yield ratios of chi_c2 over chi_c1 mesons as a function of phi (HX) in the J/psi pT range 12-18 GeV

Yield ratios of chi_c2 over chi_c1 mesons as a function of phi (HX) in the J/psi pT range 18-30 GeV

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Search for a new scalar resonance decaying to a pair of Z bosons in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 06 (2018) 127, 2018.
Inspire Record 1666019 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83810

A search for a new scalar resonance decaying to a pair of Z bosons is performed in the mass range from 130 GeV to 3 TeV, and for various width scenarios. The analysis is based on proton-proton collisions recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2016, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$ at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. The Z boson pair decays are reconstructed using the 4$\ell$, 2$\ell$2q, and 2$\ell$2$\nu$ final states, where $\ell =$ e or $\mu$. Both gluon fusion and electroweak production of the scalar resonance are considered, with a free parameter describing their relative cross sections. A dedicated categorization of events, based on the kinematic properties of associated jets, and matrix element techniques are employed for an optimal signal and background separation. A description of the interference between signal and background amplitudes for a resonance of an arbitrary width is included. No significant excess of events with respect to the standard model expectation is observed and limits are set on the product of the cross section for a new scalar boson and the branching fraction for its decay to ZZ for a large range of masses and widths.

8 data tables

Expected and observed upper limits at the 95% CL on the pp --> X --> ZZ cross section as a function of $m_X$ with $\Gamma_X$=0 GeV with VBF fraction profiled.

Expected and observed upper limits at the 95% CL on the pp --> X --> ZZ cross section as a function of $m_X$ with $\Gamma_X$=0 GeV in VBF production mode.

Expected and observed upper limits at the 95% CL on the pp --> X --> ZZ cross section as a function of $m_X$ with $\Gamma_X$=10 GeV with VBF fraction profiled.

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Search for heavy resonances decaying into two Higgs bosons or into a Higgs boson and a W or Z boson in proton-proton collisions at 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 01 (2019) 051, 2019.
Inspire Record 1685235 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88169

A search is presented for massive narrow resonances decaying either into two Higgs bosons, or into a Higgs boson and a W or Z boson. The decay channels considered are HH$\to \mathrm{b\overline{b}}\tau^{+}\tau^{-}$ and VH$ \to \mathrm{q\overline{q}}\tau^{+}\tau^{-}$, where H denotes the Higgs boson, and V denotes the W or Z boson. This analysis is based on a data sample of proton-proton collisions collected at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV by the CMS Collaboration, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. For the TeV-scale mass resonances considered, substructure techniques provide ways to differentiate among the hadronization products from vector boson decays to quarks, Higgs boson decays to bottom quarks, and quark- or gluon-induced jets. Reconstruction techniques are used that have been specifically optimized to select events in which the tau lepton pair is highly boosted. The observed data are consistent with standard model expectations and upper limits are set at 95% confidence level on the product of cross section and branching fraction for resonance masses between 0.9 and 4.0 TeV. Exclusion limits are set in the context of bulk radion and graviton models: spin-0 radion resonances are excluded below a mass of 2.7 TeV at 95% confidence level. In the spin-1 heavy vector triplet framework, mass-degenerate W' and Z' resonances with dominant couplings to the standard model gauge bosons are excluded below a mass of 2.8 TeV at 95% confidence level. There are the first limits for these decay channels at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV.

5 data tables

Observed 95% CL upper limits on the product of the production cross section and the branching fraction for a new spin-0 resonance decaying to HH, as a function of the resonance mass hypothesis.

Observed 95% CL upper limits on the product of the production cross section and the branching fraction for a new spin-2 resonance decaying to HH, as a function of the resonance mass hypothesis.

Observed 95% CL upper limits on the product of the production cross section and the branching fraction for a new spin-1 W prime resonance decaying to WH, as a function of the resonance mass hypothesis.

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Measurement of B$^0_\mathrm{s}$ meson production in pp and PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 796 (2019) 168-190, 2019.
Inspire Record 1697571 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85629

The production cross sections of B$^0_\mathrm{s}$ mesons and charge conjugates are measured in proton-proton (pp) and PbPb collisions via the exclusive decay channel B$^0_\mathrm{s}$ $\to$ $\mu^+\mu^-$K$^+$K$^-$ at a centre-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV per nucleon pair and within the rapidity range $|y|$ $\lt$ 2.4 using the CMS detector at the LHC. The pp measurement is performed as a function of transverse momentum (p$_\mathrm{T}$) of the B$^0_\mathrm{s}$ meson in the range of 7 to 50 GeV/$c$ and is compared to the predictions of perturbative QCD calculations. The B$^0_\mathrm{s}$ production yield in PbPb collisions is measured in two p$_\mathrm{T}$ intervals, 7 to 15 and 15 to 50 GeV/$c$, and compared to the yield in pp collisions in the same kinematic region. The nuclear modification factor ($R_\mathrm{AA}$) is found to be 1.5 $\pm$ 0.6 (stat) $\pm$ 0.5 (syst) for 7-15 GeV/$c$, and 0.87 $\pm$ 0.30 (stat) $\pm$ 0.17 (syst) for 15-50 GeV/$c$, respectively. Within current uncertainties, the results are consistent with models of strangeness enhancement and a suppression as observed for the B$^+$ mesons.

5 data tables

The $B^{0}_{s}$ p$_T$-differential production cross section in pp collisions at $\sqrt(s_{_{NN}})=5.02$TeV, in three p$_T$ intervals from 7 to 50GeV/c. The global systematic uncertainty, not included in the point-to-point uncertainties, comprises the uncertainties in the integrated luminosity measurment and the branching fraction.

The $B^{0}_{s}$ p$_T$-differential production cross section in pp collisions at $\sqrt(s_{_{NN}})=5.02$TeV, in two p$_T$ intervals from 7 to 50GeV/c. The global systematic uncertainty, not included in the point-to-point uncertainties, comprises the uncertainties in the integrated luminosity measurment and the branching fraction.

The $B^{0}_{s}$ p$_T$-differential yield scaled by $\rm{T_{AA}}$ in PbPb collisions at $\sqrt(s_{_{NN}})=5.02$TeV, in two p$_T$ intervals from 7 to 50GeV/c. The global systematic uncertainty, not included in the point-to-point uncertainties, comprises the uncertainties in $\rm{T_{AA}}$, N$_{MB}$, and the branching fraction.

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