Measurement of the neutron spin structure function g2(n) and asymmetry A2(n)

The E154 collaboration
Phys.Lett. B404 (1997) 377-382, 1997.
Inspire Record 443408 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27082

We have measured the neutron structure function g$_{2}^{n}$ and the virtual photon-nucleon asymmetry A$_{2}^{n}$ over the kinematic range $0.014\leq x \leq 0.7$ and $1.0 \leq Q^{2} \leq 17.0$ by scattering 48.3 GeV longitudinally polarized electrons from polarized $^{3}$He. Results for A$_{2}^{n}$ are significantly smaller than the $\sqrt{R}$ positivity limit over most of the measured range and data for g$_2^{n}$ are generally consistent with the twist-2 Wandzura-Wilczek prediction. Using our measured g$_{2}^{n}$ we obtain results for the twist-3 reduced matrix element $d_{2}^{n}$, and the integral $\int$g$_{2}^{n}(x)dx$ in the range $0.014\leq x \leq 1.0$. Data from this experiment are combined with existing data for g$_{2}^{n}$ to obtain an average for $d_{2}^{n}$ and the integral $\int$g$_{2}^{n}(x)dx$.

4 data tables

Data measured using the 2.75 degree spectrometer.

Data measured using the 5.5 degree spectrometer.

Measured value of the twist-3 reduced matrix element D2.

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Next-to-leading order QCD analysis of polarized deep inelastic scattering data

The E154 collaboration
Phys.Lett. B405 (1997) 180-190, 1997.
Inspire Record 443186 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27078

We present a Next-to-Leading order perturbative QCD analysis of world data on the spin dependent structure functions $g_1^p, g_1^n$, and $g_1^d$, including the new experimental information on the $Q^2$ dependence of $g_1^n$. Careful attention is paid to the experimental and theoretical uncertainties. The data constrain the first moments of the polarized valence quark distributions, but only qualitatively constrain the polarized sea quark and gluon distributions. The NLO results are used to determine the $Q^2$ dependence of the ratio $g_1/F_1$ and evolve the experimental data to a constant $Q^2 = 5 GeV^2$. We determine the first moments of the polarized structure functions of the proton and neutron and find agreement with the Bjorken sum rule.

7 data tables

Data from the 2.75 degree spectrometer.

Data from the 2.75 degree spectrometer evolved to a mean Q**2 of 5 GeV**2 using the MSBAR parameterization. The second systematic error is due to the evolution.

Data from the 5.5 degree spectrometer.

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Precision determination of the neutron spin structure function g1(n)

The E154 collaboration
Phys.Rev.Lett. 79 (1997) 26-30, 1997.
Inspire Record 443170 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19559

We report on a precision measurement of the neutron spin structure function $g^n_1$ using deep inelastic scattering of polarized electrons by polarized ^3He. For the kinematic range 0.014<x<0.7 and 1 (GeV/c)^2< Q^2< 17 (GeV/c)^2, we obtain $\int^{0.7}_{0.014} g^n_1(x)dx = -0.036 \pm 0.004 (stat) \pm 0.005 (syst)$ at an average $Q^2=5 (GeV/c)^2$. We find relatively large negative values for $g^n_1$ at low $x$. The results call into question the usual Regge theory method for extrapolating to x=0 to find the full neutron integral $\int^1_0 g^n_1(x)dx$, needed for testing quark-parton model and QCD sum rules.

3 data tables

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