Observation of an exotic narrow doubly charmed tetraquark

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Abdelmotteleb, Ahmed Sameh Wagih ; Abellán Beteta, Carlos ; et al.
CERN-EP-2021-165, 2021.
Inspire Record 1915457 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.114869

Conventional hadronic matter consists of baryons and mesons made of three quarks and quark-antiquark pairs, respectively. The observation of a new type of hadronic state, a doubly charmed tetraquark containing two charm quarks, an anti-$u$ and an anti-$d$ quark, is reported using data collected by the LHCb experiment at the Large Hadron Collider. This exotic state with a mass of about 3875 MeV$/c^2$ manifests itself as a narrow peak in the mass spectrum of $D^0D^0\pi^+$ mesons just below the $D^{*+}D^0$ mass threshold. The near threshold mass together with a strikingly narrow width reveals the resonance nature of the state.

2 data tables

Distribution of $D^0 D^0 \pi^+$ mass where the contribution of the non-$D^0$ background has been statistically subtracted. Uncertainties on the data points are statistical only and represent one standard deviation, calculated as a sum in quadrature of the assigned weights from the background-subtraction procedure.

Distribution of $D^0 D^0 \pi^+$ mass where the contribution of the non-$D^0$ background has been statistically subtracted by assigning the a weight to every candidate.


Study of the doubly charmed tetraquark $T_{cc}^+$

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Abdelmotteleb, Ahmed Sameh Wagih ; Abellán Beteta, Carlos ; et al.
CERN-EP-2021-169, 2021.
Inspire Record 1915358 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.113470

An exotic narrow state in the $D^0D^0\pi^+$ mass spectrum just below the $D^{*+}D^0$ mass threshold is studied using a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 9 fb$^{-1}$ acquired with the LHCb detector in proton-proton collisions at centre-of-mass energies of 7, 8 and 13 TeV. The state is consistent with the ground isoscalar $T^+_{cc}$ tetraquark with a quark content of $cc\bar{u}\bar{d}$ and spin-parity quantum numbers $\mathrm{J}^{\mathrm{P}}=1^+$. Study of the $DD$ mass spectra disfavours interpretation of the resonance as the isovector state. The decay structure via intermediate off-shell $D^{*+}$ mesons is confirmed by the $D^0\pi^+$ mass distribution. The mass of the resonance and its coupling to the $D^{*}D$ system are analysed. Resonance parameters including the pole position, scattering length, effective range and compositeness are measured to reveal important information about the nature of the $T^+_{cc}$ state. In addition, an unexpected dependence of the production rate on track multiplicity is observed.

20 data tables

Distribution of $D^0 D^0 \pi^+$ mass where the contribution of the non-$D^0$ background has been statistically subtracted. Uncertainties on the data points are statistical only and represent one standard deviation, calculated as a sum in quadrature of the assigned weights from the background-subtraction procedure.

Mass distribution for $D^0 \pi^+$ pairs from selected $D^0 D^0 \pi^+$ candidates with a mass below the $D^{*+}D^0$ mass threshold with non-$D^0$ background subtracted. Uncertainties on the data points are statistical only and represent one standard deviation, calculated as a sum in quadrature of the assigned weights from the background-subtraction procedure.

$D^0 D^0$~mass distributions for selected candidates with the $D^0$ background subtracted. Uncertainties on the data points are statistical only and represent one standard deviation, calculated as a sum in quadrature of the assigned weights from the background-subtraction procedure.

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Precise determination of the $B^0_s$-$\overline{B}^0_s$ oscillation frequency

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Abellán Beteta, Carlos ; Ackernley, Thomas ; et al.
LHCb-PAPER-2021-005, 2021.
Inspire Record 1857623 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.105881

 Mesons comprising a beauty quark and a strange quark can oscillate between particle ($B^0_s$) and antiparticle ($\overline{B}^0_s$) flavour eigenstates, with a frequency given by the mass difference between heavy and light mass eigenstates, $\Delta m_{s}$. Here we present a measurement of $\Delta m_{s}$ using $B^0_s \rightarrow D_s^- \pi^+$ decays produced in proton-proton collisions collected with the LHCb detector at the Large Hadron Collider. This measurement improves upon the current $\Delta m_{s}$ precision by a factor of two. The oscillation frequency is found to be $\Delta m_{s}$ = 17.7683 $\pm$ 0.0051 $\pm$ 0.0032 ps$^{-1}$, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic. We combine this result with previous LHCb measurements to determine $\Delta m_{s}$ = 17.7656 $\pm$ 0.0057 ps$^{-1}$.

1 data table

Summary of LHCb measurements. Comparison of LHCb $\Delta m_s$ measurements from Refs. [8–11], the result presented in this article and their average. For the average, following systematic uncertainties are assumed to be fully correlated(:) zScale, MomentumScale, VeloAlignment and DecayTimeBias. The measurements are statistically uncorrelated.


Test of lepton universality in beauty-quark decays

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Abellán Beteta, Carlos ; Ackernley, Thomas ; et al.
LHCb-PAPER-2021-004, 2021.
Inspire Record 1852846 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.106855

The Standard Model of particle physics currently provides our best description of fundamental particles and their interactions. The theory predicts that the different charged leptons, the electron, muon and tau, have identical electroweak interaction strengths. Previous measurements have shown a wide range of particle decays are consistent with this principle of lepton universality. This article presents evidence for the breaking of lepton universality in beauty-quark decays, with a significance of 3.1 standard deviations, based on proton-proton collision data collected with the LHCb detector at CERN's Large Hadron Collider. The measurements are of processes in which a beauty meson transforms into a strange meson with the emission of either an electron and a positron, or a muon and an antimuon. If confirmed by future measurements, this violation of lepton universality would imply physics beyond the Standard Model, such as a new fundamental interaction between quarks and leptons.

1 data table

Likelihood function from the fit to the nonresonant $B^+$ --> $K^+\ell^+ \ell^−$ candidates profiled as a function of $R_K$.


Angular Analysis of the $B^{+}\rightarrow K^{\ast+}\mu^{+}\mu^{-}$ Decay

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Abellán Beteta, Carlos ; Ackernley, Thomas ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 126 (2021) 161802, 2021.
Inspire Record 1838196 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.105273

We present an angular analysis of the $B^{+}\rightarrow K^{\ast+}(\rightarrow K_{S}^{0}\pi^{+})\mu^{+}\mu^{-}$ decay using 9$\,\mbox{fb}^{-1}$ of $pp$ collision data collected with the LHCb experiment. For the first time, the full set of CP-averaged angular observables is measured in intervals of the dimuon invariant mass squared. Local deviations from Standard Model predictions are observed, similar to those in previous LHCb analyses of the isospin-partner $B^{0}\rightarrow K^{\ast0}\mu^{+}\mu^{-}$ decay. The global tension is dependent on which effective couplings are considered and on the choice of theory nuisance parameters.

38 data tables

Results for the CP-averaged observables Fl, Afb and S3–S9. The first uncertainties are statistical and the second systematic.

Results for the optimised observables FL and P1–P'8. The first uncertainties are statistical and the second systematic.

The CP-averaged observable Fl versus q2. The first (second) error bars represent the statistical (total) uncertainties.

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Measurement of the $\eta_c(1S)$ production cross-section in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 13$ TeV

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Abellán Beteta, Carlos ; Ackernley, Thomas ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 80 (2020) 191, 2020.
Inspire Record 1763898 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.90457

Using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $2.0\,fb^{-1}$, collected by the LHCb experiment, the production of the $\eta_c(1S)$ state in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s}=13 \text{ TeV}$ is studied in the rapidity range ${2.0 < y < 4.5}$ and in the transverse momentum range ${6.5 < p_{T} < 14.0\text{ GeV}}$. The cross-section for prompt production of $\eta_c(1S)$ mesons relative to that of the $J/\psi$ meson is measured using the ${p\bar{p}}$ decay mode and is found to be ${\sigma_{\eta_c(1S)}/\sigma_{J/\psi} = 1.69 \pm 0.15 \pm 0.10 \pm 0.18}$. The quoted uncertainties are, in order, statistical, systematic and due to uncertainties on the branching fractions of the ${J/\psi\to p \bar{p}}$ and ${\eta_c\to p \bar{p}}$ decays. The prompt $\eta_c(1S)$ production cross-section is determined to be ${\sigma_{\eta_c(1S)} = 1.26 \pm 0.11\pm 0.08 \pm 0.14 \,\mu b}$, where the last uncertainty includes that on the ${J/\psi}$ meson cross-section. The ratio of the branching fractions of $b$-hadron decays to the $\eta_c(1S)$ and ${J/\psi}$ states is measured to be ${\mathcal{B}_{b\to\eta_c X}/\mathcal{B}_{b\to J/\psi X} = 0.48 \pm 0.03 \pm 0.03 \pm 0.05}$, where the last uncertainty is due to those on the branching fractions of the ${J/\psi \to p \bar{p}}$ and ${\eta_c\to p \bar{p}}$ decays. The difference between the ${J/\psi}$ and $\eta_c(1S)$ masses is also determined to be ${113.0 \pm 0.7 \pm 0.1\text{ MeV}}$, which is the most precise single measurement of this quantity to date.

4 data tables

Relative $\eta_c$ to $J/\psi$ differential production cross-sections for prompt production. The uncertainties are statistical, systematic, and due to the ${\eta_c\to p\bar{p}}$ and ${J/\psi\to p\bar{p}}$ branching fractions, respectively.

Differential production cross-sections of $\eta_c$ for prompt production. The uncertainties are statistical, systematic, and due to the $\eta_c\to p \bar{p}$ and $J/\psi\to p \bar{p}$ branching fractions and $J/\psi$ production cross-section.

Relative $\eta_c$ to $J/\psi$ differential production cross-sections for production in $b$-hadron inclusive decays. The uncertainties are statistical, systematic, and due to the ${\eta_c\to p\bar{p}}$ and ${J/\psi\to p\bar{p}}$ branching fractions, respectively.

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Observation of a narrow pentaquark state, $P_c(4312)^+$, and of two-peak structure of the $P_c(4450)^+$

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Abellán Beteta, Carlos ; Adeva, Bernardo ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 122 (2019) 222001, 2019.
Inspire Record 1728691 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.89271

A narrow pentaquark state, $P_c(4312)^+$, decaying to $J/\psi p$ is discovered with a statistical significance of $7.3\sigma$ in a data sample of ${\Lambda_b^0\to J/\psi p K^-}$ decays which is an order of magnitude larger than that previously analyzed by the LHCb collaboration. The $P_c(4450)^+$ pentaquark structure formerly reported by LHCb is confirmed and observed to consist of two narrow overlapping peaks, $P_c(4440)^+$ and $P_c(4457)^+$, where the statistical significance of this two-peak interpretation is $5.4\sigma$. Proximity of the $\Sigma_c^+\bar{D}^{0}$ and $\Sigma_c^+\bar{D}^{*0}$ thresholds to the observed narrow peaks suggests that they play an important role in the dynamics of these states.

4 data tables

Distribution of $(J/\psi p)$ system invariant mass from the decay of $\Lambda_{b}^{0}$ candidates in the channel $\Lambda_{b}^{0} \to J/\psi p K^{-}$.

Distribution of $(J/\psi p)$ system invariant mass from the decay of $\Lambda_{b}^{0}$ candidates in the channel $\Lambda_{b}^{0} \to J/\psi p K^{-}$. $\Lambda_{b}^{0}$ candidates are selected after the suppression of the dominant $\Lambda^{*} \to p K^{-}$ contributions using the $m_{Kp} > 1.9$ GeV$/c^2$ requirement.

$\cos \theta_{P_c}$-weighted ditribution of $(J/\psi p)$ system invariant mass from the decay of $\Lambda_{b}^{0}$ candidates in the channel $\Lambda_{b}^{0} \to J/\psi p K^{-}$. Here $\theta_{P_c}$ is the helicity angle of the pentaquark exotic state (the angle between $K^-$ and $J/\psi$ in the pentaquark state rest frame).

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Study of $\Upsilon$ production in $p$Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=8.16$ TeV

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Abellán Beteta, Carlos ; Adeva, Bernardo ; et al.
JHEP 11 (2018) 194, 2018.
Inspire Record 1699106 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.93070

The production of $\Upsilon (nS)$ mesons ($n=1,2,3$) in $p$Pb and Pb$p$ collisions at a centre-of-mass energy per nucleon pair $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=8.16$ TeV is measured by the LHCb experiment, using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 31.8 nb$^{-1}$. The $\Upsilon (nS)$ mesons are reconstructed through their decays into two opposite-sign muons. The measurements comprise the differential production cross-sections of the $\Upsilon (1S)$ and $\Upsilon (2S)$ states, their forward-to-backward ratios and nuclear modification factors, performed as a function of the transverse momentum $p_{\mathrm{T}}$ and rapidity in the nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass frame $y^*$ of the $\Upsilon (nS)$ states, in the kinematic range $p_{\rm{T}}<25$ GeV/$c$ and $1.5<y^*<4.0$ ($-5.0<y^*<-2.5$) for $p$Pb (Pb$p$) collisions. In addition, production cross-sections for $\Upsilon (3S)$ are measured integrated over phase space and the production ratios between all three $\Upsilon (nS)$ states are determined. The measurements are compared to theoretical predictions and suppressions for quarkonium in $p$Pb collisions are observed.

17 data tables

$\Upsilon(1S)$ production cross-section in $p$Pb, as a function of $p_{T}$ and $y*$. The uncertainty is the sum in quadrature of the statistical and systematic components.

$\Upsilon(1S)$ production cross-section in Pb$p$, as a function of $p_{T}$ and $y^*$. The uncertainty is the sum in quadrature of the statistical and systematic components.

$\Upsilon(1S)$ production cross-section in $p$Pb and Pb$p$, as a function of $p_{T}$. The uncertainty is the sum in quadrature of the statistical and systematic components.

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Measurement of Antiproton Production in ${\rm p He}$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=110$ GeV

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Abellán Beteta, Carlos ; Adeva, Bernardo ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 121 (2018) 222001, 2018.
Inspire Record 1688924 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.84584

The cross-section for prompt antiproton production in collisions of protons with an energy of $6.5$ TeV incident on helium nuclei at rest is measured with the LHCb experiment from a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $0.5\,nb^{-1}$. The target is provided by injecting helium gas into the LHC beam line at the LHCb interaction point. The reported results, covering antiproton momenta between $12$ and $110\,\mathrm{GeV/}c$, represent the first direct determination of the antiproton production cross-section in ${\rm p He}$ collisions, and impact the interpretation of recent results on antiproton cosmic rays from space-borne experiments.

1 data table

Double-differential cross-section in antiproton momentum and transverse momentum for antiproton production in collisions of 6.5 TeV protons on He nuclei at rest. The antiproton momentum is defined in the laboratory frame. Results are averaged over the given kinematic range of each bin. The uncertainty is split into an uncertainty delta_uncorr, uncorrelated among the kinematic bins, and an uncertainty delta_corr, fully correlated among the kinematic bins. For both uncertainties, the systematic uncertainty, dominant for most bins, and the statistical uncertainty, are added in quadrature. The average value within each bin is also reported for the antiproton momentum, the transverse momentum, and x-Feynman xF=2 p_Z*/SQRT(S), where p_Z* is the longitudinal antiproton momentum in the center-of-mass system and SQRT(S) the nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy. These average values are obtained from simulation (based on EPOS LHC), to avoid biases from reconstruction effects and given the good agreement with data observed for the simulated kinematic spectra.


Measurement of $D_s^{\pm}$ production asymmetry in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} =7$ and 8 TeV

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Adeva, Bernardo ; Adinolfi, Marco ; et al.
JHEP 08 (2018) 008, 2018.
Inspire Record 1674916 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.82715

The inclusive $D_s^{\pm}$ production asymmetry is measured in $pp$ collisions collected by the LHCb experiment at centre-of-mass energies of $\sqrt{s} =7$ and 8 TeV. Promptly produced $D_s^{\pm}$ mesons are used, which decay as $D_s^{\pm}\to\phi\pi^{\pm}$, with $\phi\to K^+K^-$. The measurement is performed in bins of transverse momentum, $p_{\rm T}$, and rapidity, $y$, covering the range $2.5

6 data tables

Values of the $D_s^+$ production asymmetry in percent, including, respectively, the statistical and systematic uncertainties for each of the $D_s^+$ kinematic bins using the combined $\sqrt{s} =7$ and 8 TeV data sets. The statistical and systematic uncertainties include the corresponding contributions from the detection asymmetries, and are therefore correlated between the bins. ASYM is defined as ASYM = ((SIG(D/S+)-SIG(D/S-))/(SIG(D/S+)+SIG(D/S+)).

Values of the $D_s^+$ production asymmetry in percent, including, respectively, the statistical and systematic uncertainties for each of the $D_s^+$ kinematic bins using the $\sqrt{s} =7$ TeV data set. The statistical and systematic uncertainties include the corresponding contributions from the detection asymmetries, and are therefore correlated between the bins. ASYM is defined as ASYM = ((SIG(D/S+)-SIG(D/S-))/(SIG(D/S+)+SIG(D/S+)).

Values of the $D_s^+$ production asymmetry in percent, including, respectively, the statistical and systematic uncertainties for each of the $D_s^+$ kinematic bins using the $\sqrt{s} =8$ TeV data set. The statistical and systematic uncertainties include the corresponding contributions from the detection asymmetries, and are therefore correlated between the bins. ASYM is defined as ASYM = ((SIG(D/S+)-SIG(D/S-))/(SIG(D/S+)+SIG(D/S+)).

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