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Energy dependence of exclusive $J/\psi$ photoproduction off protons in ultra-peripheral p-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 5.02 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Acharya, Shreyasi ; Torales - Acosta, Fernando ; Adamova, Dagmar ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2018.
Inspire Record 1693305 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.89306

The ALICE Collaboration has measured the energy dependence of exclusive photoproduction of $J/\psi$ vector mesons off proton targets in ultra-peripheral p-Pb collisions at a centre-of-mass energy per nucleon pair $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}} = 5.02$ TeV. The e$^+$e$^-$ and $\mu^+\mu^-$ decay channels are used to measure the cross section as a function of the rapidity of the $J/\psi$ in the range $-2.5 < y < 2.7$, corresponding to an energy in the $\gamma$p centre-of-mass in the interval $40 < W_{\gamma\mathrm{p}}<550$ GeV. The measurements, which are consistent with a power law dependence of the exclusive $J/\psi$ photoproduction cross section, are compared to previous results from HERA and the LHC and to several theoretical models. They are found to be compatible with previous measurements.

1 data table

Differential cross sections as a function of rapidity for exclusive J/PSI photoproduction off protons in ultra-peripheral p-Pb collisions. The corresponding J/PSI photoproduction cross sections in bins of the GAMMA-P centre-of-mass, W(GAMMA P), are also presented.


Measurement of the inclusive jet cross-sections in proton-proton collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=8 $ TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
JHEP 1709 (2017) 020, 2017.
Inspire Record 1604271 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.76967

Inclusive jet production cross-sections are measured in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of $ \sqrt{s}=8 $ TeV recorded by the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. The total integrated luminosity of the analysed data set amounts to 20.2 fb$^{−1}$. Double-differential cross-sections are measured for jets defined by the anti-k$_{t}$ jet clustering algorithm with radius parameters of R = 0.4 and R = 0.6 and are presented as a function of the jet transverse momentum, in the range between 70 GeV and 2.5 TeV and in six bins of the absolute jet rapidity, between 0 and 3.0. The measured cross-sections are compared to predictions of quantum chromodynamics, calculated at next-to-leading order in perturbation theory, and corrected for non-perturbative and electroweak effects. The level of agreement with predictions, using a selection of different parton distribution functions for the proton, is quantified. Tensions between the data and the theory predictions are observed.

12 data tables

rapidity bin 0 < |Y| < 0.5 anti-kt R=0.6

rapidity bin 0.5 < |Y| < 1.0 anti-kt R=0.6

rapidity bin 1.0 < |Y| < 1.5 anti-kt R=0.6

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Observation of the Z$\to\psi\ell^+\ell^-$ decay in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 121 (2018) 141801, 2018.
Inspire Record 1677496 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85743

This Letter presents the observation of the rare Z boson decay Z $\to\psi\ell^+\ell^-$. Here, $\psi$ represents contributions from direct J/$\psi$ and $\psi$(2S) $\to$ J/$\psi X$, $\ell^+\ell^-$ is a pair of electrons or muons, and the J/$\psi$ meson is detected via its decay to $\mu^+\mu^-$. The sample of proton-proton collision data, collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. The signal is observed with a significance in excess of 5 standard deviations. After subtraction of the $\psi$(2S) $\to$ J/$\psi X$ contribution, the ratio of the branching fraction of the exclusive decay Z $\to\psi\ell^+\ell^-$ to the decay Z $\to\mu^+\mu^-\mu^+\mu^-$ within a fiducial phase space is measured to be $\mathcal{B}($Z $\to\psi\ell^+\ell^-) / \mathcal{B}($Z $\to\mu^+\mu^-\mu^+\mu^-) =$ 0.67 $\pm$ 0.18 (stat) $\pm$ 0.05 (syst).

1 data table

branching fraction ratio of Z->J/psi+2 leptons over Z->4muons for the phase space defined above


Version 2
Probing the quantum interference between singly and doubly resonant top-quark production in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 121 (2018) 152002, 2018.
Inspire Record 1677498 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83544

This Letter presents a normalized differential cross-section measurement in a fiducial phase-space region where interference effects between top-quark pair production and associated production of a single top quark with a W boson and a b-quark are significant. Events with exactly two leptons (ee, μμ, or eμ) and two b-tagged jets that satisfy a multiparticle invariant mass requirement are selected from 36.1  fb-1 of proton-proton collision data taken at s=13  TeV with the ATLAS detector at the LHC in 2015 and 2016. The results are compared with predictions from simulations using various strategies for the interference. The standard prescriptions for interference modeling are significantly different from each other but are within 2σ of the data. State-of-the-art predictions that naturally incorporate interference effects provide the best description of the data in the measured region of phase space most sensitive to these effects. These results provide an important constraint on interference models and will guide future model development and tuning.

15 data tables

The minimax-mbl distribution in the three-b-tag region, constructed from the two b-jets with largest transverse momentum. The predicted tt+HF contribution from simulation is scaled to match observed data in this region. The hashed band indicates the uncertainty on the total number of predicted events, where the DR scheme is used to estimate the minor contribution from the tW process. Uncertainties include all statistical and systematic sources.

The detector-level minimax-mbl distribution, with signal selection and background estimation as described in the text. The total predicted events are shown for both the DR and DS definitions of the tW process, with uncertainties on the respective estimates indicated by separate error bars. Uncertainties include all statistical and systematic sources.

The unfolded, normalized differential minimax-mbl cross-section compared with theoretical models of the tt+tWb signal with various implementations of interference effects. The uncertainty of each data point includes all statistical and systematic sources, while uncertainties for each of the MC predictions correspond to variations of the PDF set and renormalization and factorization scales.

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Search for vector-like quarks in events with two oppositely charged leptons and jets in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J., 2018.
Inspire Record 1711260 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85746

A search for the pair production of heavy vector-like partners T and B of the top and bottom quarks has been performed by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC using proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV. The data sample was collected in 2016 and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. Final states studied for $\mathrm{T\overline{T}}$ production include those where one of the T quarks decays via T$\to$tZ and the other via T$\to$bW, tZ, or tH, where H is a Higgs boson. For the $\mathrm{B\overline{B}}$ case, final states include those where one of the B quarks decays via B$\to$bZ and the other B$\to$tW, bZ, or bH. Events with two oppositely charged electrons or muons, consistent with coming from the decay of a Z boson, and jets are investigated. The number of observed events is consistent with standard model background estimations. Lower limits at 95% confidence level are placed on the masses of the T and B quarks for a range of branching fractions. Assuming 100% branching fractions for T$\to$tZ, and B$\to$bZ, T and B quark mass values below 1280 and 1130 GeV, respectively, are excluded.

19 data tables

The $S_{\rm T}$ distribution for group A before fitting.

The $S_{\rm T}$ distribution for group B before fitting.

The $S_{\rm T}$ distribution for group C before fitting.

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Version 2
Measurement of vector boson scattering and constraints on anomalous quartic couplings from events with four leptons and two jets in proton–proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B774 (2017) 682-705, 2017.
Inspire Record 1615207 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.81936

A measurement of vector boson scattering and constraints on anomalous quartic gauge couplings from events with two Z bosons and two jets are presented. The analysis is based on a data sample of proton–proton collisions at s=13 TeV collected with the CMS detector and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9  fb−1 . The search is performed in the fully leptonic final state ZZ→ℓℓℓ′ℓ′ , where ℓ,ℓ′=e or μ . The electroweak production of two Z bosons in association with two jets is measured with an observed (expected) significance of 2.7 (1.6) standard deviations. A fiducial cross section for the electroweak production is measured to be σEW(pp→ZZjj→ℓℓℓ′ℓ′jj)=0.40−0.16+0.21(stat)−0.09+0.13(syst) fb , which is consistent with the standard model prediction. Limits on anomalous quartic gauge couplings are determined in terms of the effective field theory operators T0, T1, T2, T8, and T9. This is the first measurement of vector boson scattering in the ZZ channel at the LHC.

9 data tables

Measured and expected fiducial cross-sections.

Observed and expected exclusion limits for the aQGC parameters at 95% CL, without any form factors.

Data from Fig.4. Observed yields of four lepton invariant mass distribution. The last bin includes overflow.

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Measurement of differential cross sections and $W^+/W^-$ cross-section ratios for $W$ boson production in association with jets at $\sqrt{s}=8$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
JHEP 1805 (2018) 077, 2018.
Inspire Record 1635273 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.80076

This paper presents a measurement of the W boson production cross section and the W$^{+}$/W$^{−}$ cross-section ratio, both in association with jets, in proton-proton collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=8 $ TeV with the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider. The measurement is performed in final states containing one electron and missing transverse momentum using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 20.2 fb$^{−1}$. Differential cross sections for events with at least one or two jets are presented for a range of observables, including jet transverse momenta and rapidities, the scalar sum of transverse momenta of the visible particles and the missing transverse momentum in the event, and the transverse momentum of the W boson. For a subset of the observables, the differential cross sections of positively and negatively charged W bosons are measured separately. In the cross-section ratio of W$^{+}$/W$^{−}$ the dominant systematic uncertainties cancel out, improving the measurement precision by up to a factor of nine. The observables and ratios selected for this paper provide valuable input for the up quark, down quark, and gluon parton distribution functions of the proton.

86 data tables

Cross section for the production of W bosons for different inclusive jet multiplicities.

Statistical correlation between bins in data for the cross section for the production of W bosons for different inclusive jet multiplicities.

Differential cross sections for the production of W<sup>+</sup> bosons, W<sup>-</sup> bosons and the W<sup>+</sup>/W<sup>-</sup> cross section ratio as a function of the inclusive jet multiplicity.

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Search for a heavy resonance decaying to a pair of vector bosons in the lepton plus merged jet final state at $ \sqrt{s}=13 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1805 (2018) 088, 2018.
Inspire Record 1657397 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85739

A search for a new heavy particle decaying to a pair of vector bosons (WW or WZ) is presented using data from the CMS detector corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{−1}$ collected in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV in 2016. One of the bosons is required to be a W boson decaying to eν or μν, while the other boson is required to be reconstructed as a single massive jet with substructure compatible with that of a highly-energetic quark pair from a W or Z boson decay. The search is performed in the resonance mass range between 1.0 and 4.4 TeV. The largest deviation from the background-only hypothesis is observed for a mass near 1.4 TeV and corresponds to a local significance of 2.5 standard deviations. The result is interpreted as an upper bound on the resonance production cross section. Comparing the excluded cross section values and the expectations from theoretical calculations in the bulk graviton and heavy vector triplet models, spin-2 WW resonances with mass smaller than 1.07 TeV and spin-1 WZ resonances lighter than 3.05 TeV, respectively, are excluded at 95% confidence level.

3 data tables

Signal selection efficiency times acceptance as a function of resonance mass for a spin-2 bulk graviton decaying to WW and a spin-1 W' decaying to WZ.

Exclusion limits on the product of the production cross section and the branching fraction for a new spin-2 resonance decaying to WW, as a function of the resonance mass hypothesis.

Exclusion limits on the product of the production cross section and the branching fraction for a new spin-1 resonance decaying to WZ, as a function of the resonance mass hypothesis.


Measurement of Jet Production Cross Sections in Deep-inelastic ep Scattering at HERA

The H1 collaboration Andreev, Vladimir ; Baghdasaryan, Artem ; Begzsuren, Khurelbaatar ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C77 (2017) 215, 2017.
Inspire Record 1496981 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.86390

A precision measurement of jet cross sections in neutral current deep-inelastic scattering for photon virtualities $5.5<Q^2<80\,{\rm GeV}^2$ and inelasticities $0.2<y<0.6$ is presented, using data taken with the H1 detector at HERA, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $290\,{\rm pb}^{-1}$. Double-differential inclusive jet, dijet and trijet cross sections are measured simultaneously and are presented as a function of jet transverse momentum observables and as a function of $Q^2$. Jet cross sections normalised to the inclusive neutral current DIS cross section in the respective $Q^2$-interval are also determined. Previous results of inclusive jet cross sections in the range $150<Q^2<15\,000\,{\rm GeV}^2$ are extended to low transverse jet momenta $5<P_{T}^{\rm jet}<7\,{\rm GeV}$. The data are compared to predictions from perturbative QCD in next-to-leading order in the strong coupling, in approximate next-to-next-to-leading order and in full next-to-next-to-leading order. Using also the recently published H1 jet data at high values of $Q^2$, the strong coupling constant $\alpha_s(M_Z)$ is determined in next-to-leading order.

55 data tables

Matrix of statistical correlation coefficients of the unfolded jet cross sections at high $Q^2$. The statistical correlations have been determined in the scope of the analysis of an earlier H1 publication (<a href="https://inspirehep.net/record/1301218">INSPIRE</a>, <a href="https://www.hepdata.net/record/ins1301218">HEPData</a>).

Matrix of statistical correlation coefficients of the unfolded jet cross sections at low $Q^2$.

Matrix of statistical correlation coefficients of the unfolded normalised jet cross sections at high $Q^2$. The statistical correlations have been determined in the scope of the analysis of an earlier H1 publication (<a href="https://inspirehep.net/record/1301218">INSPIRE</a>, <a href="https://www.hepdata.net/record/ins1301218">HEPData</a>).

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Search for top quark partners with charge 5/3 in the same-sign dilepton and single-lepton final states in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP, 2018.
Inspire Record 1697570 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85767

A search for the pair production of heavy fermionic partners of the top quark with charge 5/3 (X$_{5/3}$) is performed in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC. The data sample analyzed corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. The X$_{5/3}$ quark is assumed always to decay into a top quark and a W boson. Both the right-handed and left-handed X$_{5/3}$ couplings to the W boson are considered. Final states with either a pair of same-sign leptons or a single lepton are studied. No significant excess of events is observed above the expected standard model background. Lower limits at 95% confidence level on the X$_{5/3}$ quark mass are set at 1.33 and 1.30 TeV respectively for the case of right-handed and left-handed couplings to W bosons in a combination of the same-sign dilepton and single-lepton final states.

19 data tables

Summary of yields from simulated prompt same-sign dilepton (SSP MC), same-sign nonprompt (Nonprompt), and opposite-sign prompt (ChargeMisID) backgrounds after the full analysis selection. Also shown are the number of expected events for an RH $X_{5/3}$ particle with a mass of 1 TeV. The uncertainties include both statistical and all systematic components (as described in Section 8). The number of events and uncertainties correspond to the background- only fit to data for the background, while for the signal they are based on the yields before the fit to data.

Distributions of $\min[M(\ell,\mathrm{b})]$ in the $\mathrm{t\overline{t}}$ control region, for 1 b-tagged jet category. Example signal distributions are also shown. The background distributions correspond to background-only fit to data while signal distributions are before the fit to data. Electron and muon event samples are combined. The last bin includes overflow events and its content is divided by the bin width. The distributions in each category have variable-size bins, chosen so that the statistical uncertainty in the total background in each bin is less than 30%. The lower panel in each plot shows the difference between the observed and the predicted numbers of events in that bin divided by the total uncertainty. The total uncertainty is calculated as the sum in quadrature of the statistical uncertainty in the observed measurement and the statistical and systematic uncertainties in the background-only fit to data.

Distributions of $\min[M(\ell,\mathrm{b})]$ in the $\mathrm{t\overline{t}}$ control region, for 2 or more b-tagged jet category. Example signal distributions are also shown. The background distributions correspond to background-only fit to data while signal distributions are before the fit to data. Electron and muon event samples are combined. The last bin includes overflow events and its content is divided by the bin width. The distributions in each category have variable-size bins, chosen so that the statistical uncertainty in the total background in each bin is less than 30%. The lower panel in each plot shows the difference between the observed and the predicted numbers of events in that bin divided by the total uncertainty. The total uncertainty is calculated as the sum in quadrature of the statistical uncertainty in the observed measurement and the statistical and systematic uncertainties in the background-only fit to data.

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Search for new particles decaying to a jet and an emerging jet

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1902 (2019) 179, 2019.
Inspire Record 1700173 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88380

A search is performed for events consistent with the pair production of a new heavy particle that acts as a mediator between a dark sector and normal matter, and that decays to a light quark and a new fermion called a dark quark. The search is based on data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 16.1 fb$^{-1}$ from proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2016. The dark quark is charged only under a new quantum-chromodynamics-like force, and forms an "emerging jet" via a parton shower, containing long-lived dark hadrons that give rise to displaced vertices when decaying to standard model hadrons. The data are consistent with the expectation from standard model processes. Limits are set at 95% confidence level excluding dark pion decay lengths between 5 and 225 mm for dark mediators with masses between 400 and 1250 GeV. Decay lengths smaller than 5 mm and greater than 225 mm are also excluded in the lower part of this mass range. The dependence of the limit on the dark pion mass is weak for masses between 1 and 10 GeV. This analysis is the first dedicated search for the pair production of a new particle that decays to a jet and an emerging jet.

10 data tables

Distributions of $\langle IP_{\mathrm{2D}}\rangle$ for background (black) and for signals with a mediator mass of 1 TeV and a dark pion proper decay length of 25 mm, for various dark pion masses.

Distributions of $\alpha_\mathrm{3D}$ for background (black) and for signals with a mediator mass of 1 TeV and a dark pion mass of 5 GeV for dark pion proper decay lengths ranging from 1 to 300 mm.

The signal acceptance A, defined as the fraction of simulated signal events passing the selection criteria, for models with a dark pion mass $m_{\pi_\mathrm{DK}}$ of 5 GeV as a function of the mediator mass $m_{\mathrm{X_{DK}}}$ and the dark pion proper decay length $c\tau_{\pi_\mathrm{DK}}$. The corresponding selection set number for each model is indicated as text on the plot.

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Measurements of the $\mathrm {p}\mathrm {p}\rightarrow \mathrm{Z}\mathrm{Z}$ production cross section and the $\mathrm{Z}\rightarrow 4\ell $ branching fraction, and constraints on anomalous triple gauge couplings at $\sqrt{s} = 13\,\text {TeV} $

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C78 (2018) 165, 2018.
Inspire Record 1625296 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.80152

Four-lepton production in proton-proton collisions, $\mathrm {p}\mathrm {p}\rightarrow (\mathrm{Z}/ \gamma ^*)(\mathrm{Z}/\gamma ^*) \rightarrow 4\ell $ , where $\ell = \mathrm {e}$ or $\mu $ , is studied at a center-of-mass energy of 13 $\,\text {TeV}$ with the CMS detector at the LHC. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 $\,\text {fb}^{-1}$ . The ZZ production cross section, $\sigma (\mathrm {p}\mathrm {p}\rightarrow \mathrm{Z}\mathrm{Z}) = 17.2 \pm 0.5\,\text {(stat)} \pm 0.7\,\text {(syst)} \pm 0.4\,\text {(theo)} \pm 0.4\,\text {(lumi)} \text { pb} $ , measured using events with two opposite-sign, same-flavor lepton pairs produced in the mass region $60< m_{\ell ^+\ell ^-} < 120\,\text {GeV} $ , is consistent with standard model predictions. Differential cross sections are measured and are well described by the theoretical predictions. The Z boson branching fraction to four leptons is measured to be $\mathcal {B}(\mathrm{Z}\rightarrow 4\ell ) = 4.8 \pm 0.2\,\text {(stat)} \pm 0.2\,\text {(syst)} \pm 0.1\,\text {(theo)} \pm 0.1\,\text {(lumi)} \times 10^{-6}$ for events with a four-lepton invariant mass in the range $80< m_{4\ell } < 100\,\text {GeV} $ and a dilepton mass $m_{\ell \ell } > 4\,\text {GeV} $ for all opposite-sign, same-flavor lepton pairs. The results agree with standard model predictions. The invariant mass distribution of the four-lepton system is used to set limits on anomalous ZZZ and ZZ $\gamma $ couplings at 95% confidence level: $-0.0012<f_4^\mathrm{Z}<0.0010$ , $-0.0010<f_5^\mathrm{Z}<0.0013$ , $-0.0012<f_4^{\gamma }<0.0013$ , $-0.0012<f_5^{\gamma }< 0.0013$ .

14 data tables

The measured total ZZ cross section using 2016 data. The first systematic uncertainty is the combined systematic uncertainty excluding luminosity and theortical sources, the second is theoretical uncertianty on the extrapolation from the selected region to the total phase space, the third is the luminosity uncertianty

The measured total ZZ cross section using 2015 and 2016. The first systematic uncertainty is the combined systematic uncertainty excluding luminosity and theortical sources, the second is theoretical uncertianty on the extrapolation from the selected region to the total phase space, the third is the luminosity uncertianty

The measured fiducial ZZ cross sections. The first systematic uncertainty is the combined systematic uncertainty excluding luminosity, the second is the luminosity uncertianty

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Search for heavy resonances decaying into two Higgs bosons or into a Higgs boson and a W or Z boson in proton-proton collisions at 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1901 (2019) 051, 2019.
Inspire Record 1685235 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88169

A search is presented for massive narrow resonances decaying either into two Higgs bosons, or into a Higgs boson and a W or Z boson. The decay channels considered are HH$\to \mathrm{b\overline{b}}\tau^{+}\tau^{-}$ and VH$ \to \mathrm{q\overline{q}}\tau^{+}\tau^{-}$, where H denotes the Higgs boson, and V denotes the W or Z boson. This analysis is based on a data sample of proton-proton collisions collected at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV by the CMS Collaboration, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. For the TeV-scale mass resonances considered, substructure techniques provide ways to differentiate among the hadronization products from vector boson decays to quarks, Higgs boson decays to bottom quarks, and quark- or gluon-induced jets. Reconstruction techniques are used that have been specifically optimized to select events in which the tau lepton pair is highly boosted. The observed data are consistent with standard model expectations and upper limits are set at 95% confidence level on the product of cross section and branching fraction for resonance masses between 0.9 and 4.0 TeV. Exclusion limits are set in the context of bulk radion and graviton models: spin-0 radion resonances are excluded below a mass of 2.7 TeV at 95% confidence level. In the spin-1 heavy vector triplet framework, mass-degenerate W' and Z' resonances with dominant couplings to the standard model gauge bosons are excluded below a mass of 2.8 TeV at 95% confidence level. There are the first limits for these decay channels at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV.

5 data tables

Observed 95% CL upper limits on the product of the production cross section and the branching fraction for a new spin-0 resonance decaying to HH, as a function of the resonance mass hypothesis.

Observed 95% CL upper limits on the product of the production cross section and the branching fraction for a new spin-2 resonance decaying to HH, as a function of the resonance mass hypothesis.

Observed 95% CL upper limits on the product of the production cross section and the branching fraction for a new spin-1 W prime resonance decaying to WH, as a function of the resonance mass hypothesis.

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Measurement of the inclusive and fiducial $t\bar{t}$ production cross-sections in the lepton+jets channel in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 8$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C78 (2018) 487, 2018.
Inspire Record 1644099 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.81945

The inclusive and fiducial $t\bar{t}$ production cross-sections are measured in the lepton+jets channel using $20.2~\hbox {fb}^{-1}$ of proton–proton collision data at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV recorded with the ATLAS detector at the LHC. Major systematic uncertainties due to the modelling of the jet energy scale and b-tagging efficiency are constrained by separating selected events into three disjoint regions. In order to reduce systematic uncertainties in the most important background, the $W \text {+\,jets}$ process is modelled using $Z$ + jets events in a data-driven approach. The inclusive $t\bar{t}$ cross-section is measured with a precision of 5.7% to be $\sigma _{\text {inc}}(t\bar{t}) = 248.3 \pm 0.7 \, ({\mathrm {stat.}}) \pm 13.4 \, ({\mathrm {syst.}}) \pm 4.7 \, ({\mathrm {lumi.}})~\text {pb}$ , assuming a top-quark mass of 172.5 GeV. The result is in agreement with the Standard Model prediction. The cross-section is also measured in a phase space close to that of the selected data. The fiducial cross-section is $\sigma _{\text {fid}}(t\bar{t}) = 48.8 \pm 0.1 \, ({\mathrm {stat.}}) \pm 2.0 \, ({\mathrm {syst.}}) \pm 0.9 \, ({\mathrm {lumi.}})~\text {pb}$ with a precision of 4.5%.

2 data tables

The measured inclusive cross section. The first systematic uncertainty (sys_1) is the combined systematic uncertainty excluding luminosity, the second (sys_2) is the luminosity

The measured fiducial cross section. The first systematic uncertainty (sys_1) is the combined systematic uncertainty excluding luminosity, the second (sys_2) is the luminosity


Observation of Higgs boson decay to bottom quarks

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, A. M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 121 (2018) 121801, 2018.
Inspire Record 1691854 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.86132

The observation of the standard model (SM) Higgs boson decay to a pair of bottom quarks is presented. The main contribution to this result is from processes in which Higgs bosons are produced in association with a W or Z boson (VH), and are searched for in final states including 0, 1, or 2 charged leptons and two identified bottom quark jets. The results from the measurement of these processes in a data sample recorded by the CMS experiment in 2017, comprising 41.3  fb-1 of proton-proton collisions at s=13  TeV, are described. When combined with previous VH measurements using data collected at s=7, 8, and 13 TeV, an excess of events is observed at mH=125  GeV with a significance of 4.8 standard deviations, where the expectation for the SM Higgs boson is 4.9. The corresponding measured signal strength is 1.01±0.22. The combination of this result with searches by the CMS experiment for H→bb¯ in other production processes yields an observed (expected) significance of 5.6 (5.5) standard deviations and a signal strength of 1.04±0.20.

2 data tables

Expected and observed significances, in number of standard deviations, and observed signal strengths for the VH production process with H-->b bbar. Results are shown separately for 2017 data, combined Run 2 (2016 and 2017 data), and for the combination of the Run 1 and Run 2 data. For the 2017 analysis, results are shown separately for the individual mu value for each channel from a combined simultaneous fit to all channels. All results are obtained for mH=125.09 GeV. Data are from Table 2 and 2016 added from Figure 1b.

Best-fit value of the H-->b bbar signal strength with its 1 sigma systematic (red) and total (blue) uncertainties for the five individual production modes considered, as well as the overall combined result. The vertical dashed line indicates the standard model expectation. All results are extracted from a single fit combining all input analyses, with mH = 125.09 GeV. Data from Figure 3.


Search for leptoquarks coupled to third-generation quarks in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 121 (2018) 241802, 2018.
Inspire Record 1694381 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85765

Three of the most significant measured deviations from standard model predictions, the enhanced decay rate for B→D(*)τν, hints of lepton universality violation in B→K(*)ℓℓ decays, and the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon, can be explained by the existence of leptoquarks (LQs) with large couplings to third-generation quarks and masses at the TeV scale. The existence of these states can be probed at the LHC in high energy proton-proton collisions. A novel search is presented for pair production of LQs coupled to a top quark and a muon using data at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9  fb-1, recorded by the CMS experiment. No deviation from the standard model prediction has been observed and scalar LQs decaying exclusively into tμ are excluded up to masses of 1420 GeV. The results of this search are combined with those from previous searches for LQ decays into tτ and bν, which excluded scalar LQs below masses of 900 and 1080 GeV. Vector LQs are excluded up to masses of 1190 GeV for all possible combinations of branching fractions to tμ, tτ and bν. With this analysis, all relevant couplings of LQs with an electric charge of -1/3 to third-generation quarks are probed for the first time.

6 data tables

Distributions for $M_{LQ}^{rec}$ (category A) after applying the full selection. All backgrounds are normalized according to the post-fit nuisance parameters based on the corresponding SM cross sections.

Distributions for $S_{T}$ (category B) after applying the full selection and estimating the $t\overline{t}$ and DY+jets background contributions from data in category B. All backgrounds are normalized according to the post-fit nuisance parameters based on the corresponding SM cross sections.

Observed upper limits on the production cross section for pair production of LQs decaying into a top quark and a muon or a $\tau$ lepton at 95% CL in the $M_{LQ} - B(LQ \rightarrow t\mu)$ plane.

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Measurements of the Higgs boson production and decay rates and constraints on its couplings from a combined ATLAS and CMS analysis of the LHC pp collision data at $ \sqrt{s}=7 $ and 8 TeV

The ATLAS & CMS collaborations Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; Abdallah, Jalal ; et al.
JHEP 1608 (2016) 045, 2016.
Inspire Record 1468068 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.78403

Combined ATLAS and CMS measurements of the Higgs boson production and decay rates, as well as constraints on its couplings to vector bosons and fermions, are presented. The combination is based on the analysis of five production processes, namely gluon fusion, vector boson fusion, and associated production with a W or a Z boson or a pair of top quarks, and of the six decay modes H → ZZ, W W , γγ, ττ, bb, and μμ. All results are reported assuming a value of 125.09 GeV for the Higgs boson mass, the result of the combined measurement by the ATLAS and CMS experiments. The analysis uses the CERN LHC proton-proton collision data recorded by the ATLAS and CMS experiments in 2011 and 2012, corresponding to integrated luminosities per experiment of approximately 5 fb$^{−1}$ at $ \sqrt{s}=7 $ TeV and 20 fb$^{−1}$ at $ \sqrt{s}=8 $ TeV. The Higgs boson production and decay rates measured by the two experiments are combined within the context of three generic parameterisations: two based on cross sections and branching fractions, and one on ratios of coupling modifiers. Several interpretations of the measurements with more model-dependent parameterisations are also given. The combined signal yield relative to the Standard Model prediction is measured to be 1.09 ± 0.11. The combined measurements lead to observed significances for the vector boson fusion production process and for the H → ττ decay of 5.4 and 5.5 standard deviations, respectively. The data are consistent with the Standard Model predictions for all parameterisations considered.

44 data tables

Best fit values of $\sigma_i \cdot \mathrm{B}^f$ for each specific channel $i \to H\to f$, as obtained from the generic parameterisation with 23 parameters for the combination of the ATLAS and CMS measurements, using the $\sqrt{s}$=7 and 8 TeV data. The cross sections are given for $\sqrt{s}$=8 TeV, assuming the SM values for $\sigma_i(7 \mathrm{TeV})/\sigma_i(8 \mathrm{TeV})$. The results are shown together with their total uncertainties and their breakdown into statistical and systematic components. The missing values are either not measured with a meaningful precision and therefore not quoted, in the case of the $H\to ZZ$ decay channel for the $WH$, $ZH$, and $ttH$ production processes, or not measured at all and therefore fixed to their corresponding SM predictions, in the case of the $H\to bb$ decay mode for the $gg\mathrm{F}$ and VBF production processes.

Best fit values of $\sigma_i \cdot \mathrm{B}^f$ relative to their SM prediction for each specific channel $i \to H\to f$, as obtained from the generic parameterisation with 23 parameters for the combination of the ATLAS and CMS measurements, using the $\sqrt{s}$=7 and 8 TeV data. The results are shown together with their total uncertainties and their breakdown into statistical and systematic components. The missing values are either not measured with a meaningful precision and therefore not quoted, in the case of the $H\to ZZ$ decay channel for the $WH$, $ZH$, and $ttH$ production processes, or not measured at all and therefore fixed to their corresponding SM predictions, in the case of the $H\to bb$ decay mode for the $gg\mathrm{F}$ and VBF production processes.

Best fit values of $\sigma(gg\to H\to ZZ)$, $\sigma_i/\sigma_{gg\mathrm{F}}$, and $\mathrm{B}^f/\mathrm{B}^{ZZ}$ from the combined analysis of the $\sqrt{s}$=7 and 8 TeV data. The values involving cross sections are given for $\sqrt{s}$=8 TeV, assuming the SM values for $\sigma_i(7 \mathrm{TeV})/\sigma_i(8 \mathrm{TeV})$. The results are shown for the combination of ATLAS and CMS, and also separately for each experiment, together with their total uncertainties and their breakdown into the four components described in the text. The expected uncertainties in the measurements are also shown.

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Measurements of the associated production of a Z boson and b jets in pp collisions at ${\sqrt{s}} = 8\,\text {TeV} $

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, V. ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C77 (2017) 751, 2017.
Inspire Record 1499471 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77544

Measurements of the associated production of a Z boson with at least one jet originating from a b quark in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 8 TeV are presented. Differential cross sections are measured with data collected by the CMS experiment corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.8 inverse femtobarns. Z bosons are reconstructed through their decays to electrons and muons. Cross sections are measured as a function of observables characterizing the kinematics of the b jet and the Z boson. Ratios of differential cross sections for the associated production with at least one b jet to the associated production with any jet are also presented. The production of a Z boson with two b jets is investigated, and differential cross sections are measured for the dijet system. Results are compared to theoretical predictions, testing two different flavour schemes for the choice of initial-state partons.

20 data tables

Differential fiducial cross section for Z(1b) production as a function of the leading b jet pT

Cross section ratio for Z(1b) and Z+jets production as a function of the leading b/inclusive (j) jet pT

Differential fiducial cross section for Z(1b) production as a function of the leading b jet |eta|

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Search for long-lived particles produced in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV that decay into displaced hadronic jets in the ATLAS muon spectrometer

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
Phys.Rev., 2018.
Inspire Record 1704138 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85748

A search for the decay of neutral, weakly interacting, long-lived particles using data collected by the ATLAS detector at the LHC is presented. The analysis in this paper uses 36.1 fb$^{-1}$ of proton-proton collision data at $\sqrt{s} = 13$ TeV recorded in 2015-2016. The search employs techniques for reconstructing vertices of long-lived particles decaying into jets in the muon spectrometer exploiting a two vertex strategy and a novel technique that requires only one vertex in association with additional activity in the detector that improves the sensitivity for longer lifetimes. The observed numbers of events are consistent with the expected background and limits for several benchmark signals are determined.

122 data tables

Barrel Muon RoI Cluster trigger efficiencies (in %) for $m_{\Phi}=100$ GeV scalar benchmark samples. The trigger efficiency is defined as the fraction of LLPs selected by the Muon RoI Cluster trigger as a function of the LLP decay position. The trigger is efficient for hadronic decays of LLPs that occur anywhere from the outer regions of the HCal to the middle station of the MS. These efficiencies are obtained from the subset of events with only a single LLP decay in the muon spectrometer in order to ensure that the result of the trigger is due to a single burst of MS activity. The uncertainties shown are statistical only. The relative differences in efficiencies of the benchmark samples are a result of the different kinematics.

Barrel Muon RoI Cluster trigger efficiencies (in %) for $m_{\Phi}=125$ GeV scalar benchmark samples. The trigger efficiency is defined as the fraction of LLPs selected by the Muon RoI Cluster trigger as a function of the LLP decay position. The trigger is efficient for hadronic decays of LLPs that occur anywhere from the outer regions of the HCal to the middle station of the MS. These efficiencies are obtained from the subset of events with only a single LLP decay in the muon spectrometer in order to ensure that the result of the trigger is due to a single burst of MS activity. The uncertainties shown are statistical only. The relative differences in efficiencies of the benchmark samples are a result of the different kinematics.

Barrel Muon RoI Cluster trigger efficiencies (in %) for $m_{\Phi}=200$ GeV scalar benchmark samples. The trigger efficiency is defined as the fraction of LLPs selected by the Muon RoI Cluster trigger as a function of the LLP decay position. The trigger is efficient for hadronic decays of LLPs that occur anywhere from the outer regions of the HCal to the middle station of the MS. These efficiencies are obtained from the subset of events with only a single LLP decay in the muon spectrometer in order to ensure that the result of the trigger is due to a single burst of MS activity. The uncertainties shown are statistical only. The relative differences in efficiencies of the benchmark samples are a result of the different kinematics.