Measurement of forward W and Z boson production in $pp$ collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=8 $ TeV

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Abellán Beteta, Carlos ; Adeva, Bernardo ; et al.
JHEP 1601 (2016) 155, 2016.
Inspire Record 1406555 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.71419

Measurements are presented of electroweak boson production using data from pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of $ \sqrt{s}=8 $ TeV. The analysis is based on an integrated luminosity of 2.0 fb$^{−1}$ recorded with the LHCb detector. The bosons are identified in the W → μν and Z → μ$^{+}$ μ$^{−}$ decay channels. The cross-sections are measured for muons in the pseudorapidity range 2.0 < η < 4.5, with transverse momenta p$_{T}$ > 20 GeV/c and, in the case of the Z boson, a dimuon mass within $ 60 < {M}_{\mu }{{{}_{{}^{+}}}_{\mu}}_{{}^{-}}<120 $ GeV/c$^{2}$. The results are $ {\sigma}_W{{}_{{}^{+}}}_{\to \mu }{{}_{{}^{+}}}_{\nu }=1093.6\pm 2.1\pm 7.2\pm 10.9\pm 12.7\ \mathrm{p}\mathrm{b}, $ $ {\sigma}_W{{}_{{}^{-}}}_{\to \mu }{{}_{{}^{-}}}_{\overline{\nu}}=818.4\pm 1.9\pm 5.0\pm 7.0\pm 9.5\ \mathrm{p}\mathrm{b}, $ $ {\sigma}_{\mathrm{Z}\to \mu }{{{}_{{}^{+}}}_{\mu}}_{{}^{-}}=95.0\pm 0.3\pm 0.7\pm 1.1\pm 1.1\ \mathrm{p}\mathrm{b}, $ $ {\sigma}_{Z\to \mu }{{{}_{{}^{+}}}_{\mu}}_{{}^{-}}=95.0\pm 0.3\pm 0.7\pm 1.1\pm 1.1\ \mathrm{p}\mathrm{b}, $ where the first uncertainties are statistical, the second are systematic, the third are due to the knowledge of the LHC beam energy and the fourth are due to the luminosity determination. The evolution of the W and Z boson cross-sections with centre-of-mass energy is studied using previously reported measurements with 1.0 fb$^{−1}$ of data at 7 TeV. Differential distributions are also presented. Results are in good agreement with theoretical predictions at next-to-next-to-leading order in perturbative quantum chromodynamics.

23 data tables

Inclusive cross-section for $W^+$ and $W^-$ boson production in bins of muon pseudorapidity. The uncertainties are statistical, systematic, beam and luminosity.

Inclusive cross-section for $Z$ boson production in bins of rapidity. The uncertainties are statistical, systematic, beam and luminosity.

Inclusive cross-section for $Z$ boson production in bins of transverse momentum. The uncertainties are statistical, systematic, beam and luminosity.

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Version 2
Measurement of forward $J/\psi$ production cross-sections in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Adeva, Bernardo ; Adinolfi, Marco ; et al.
JHEP 1510 (2015) 172, 2015.
Inspire Record 1391511 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.70048

The production of J/ψ mesons in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of $ \sqrt{s}=13 $ TeV is studied with the LHCb detector. Cross-section measurements are performed as a function of the transverse momentum p$_{T}$ and the rapidity y of the J/ψ meson in the region p$_{T}$ < 14 GeV/c and 2.0 < y < 4.5, for both prompt J/ψ mesons and J/ψ mesons from b-hadron decays. The production cross-sections integrated over the kinematic coverage are 15.30 ± 0.03 ± 0.86 μb for prompt J/ψ and 2.34 ± 0.01 ± 0.13 μb for J/ψ from b-hadron decays, assuming zero polarization of the J/ψ meson. The first uncertainties are statistical and the second systematic. The cross-section reported for J/ψ mesons from b-hadron decays is used to extrapolate to a total $ b\overline{b} $ cross-section. The ratios of the cross-sections with respect to $ \sqrt{s}=8 $ TeV are also determined.

13 data tables

Double differential cross-section for prompt $J/\psi$ mesons as a function of $p_\perp$ in bins of $y$. The first uncertainties are statistical, the second are the correlated systematic uncertainties shared between bins and the last are the uncorrelated systematic uncertainties.

Double differential cross-section for $J/\psi$-from-$b$ mesons as a function of $p_\perp$ in bins of $y$. The first uncertainties are statistical, the second are the correlated systematic uncertainties shared between bins and the last are the uncorrelated systematic uncertainties.

The fraction of $J/\psi$-from-$b$ mesons (in %) in bins of the $J/\psi$ $p_\perp$ and $y$. The uncertainties are statistical only. The systematic uncertainties are negligible.

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Measurement of the exclusive Υ production cross-section in pp collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=7 $ TeV and 8 TeV

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Adeva, Bernardo ; Adinolfi, Marco ; et al.
JHEP 1509 (2015) 084, 2015.
Inspire Record 1373746 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.72986

A study is presented of central exclusive production of Υ(nS) states, where the Υ(nS) resonances decay to the μ$^{+}$ μ$^{−}$ final state, using pp collision data recorded by the LHCb experiment. The cross-section is measured in the rapidity range 2 < y(Υ) < 4.5 where the muons are reconstructed in the pseudorapidity range 2 < η(μ$^{±}$) < 4.5. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 2.9 fb$^{−1}$ and was collected at centre-of-mass energies of 7 TeV and 8 TeV. The measured Υ(1S) and Υ(2S) production cross-sections are $ \sigma \left( pp\to pY(1S)p\right)=9.0\pm 2.1\pm 1.7\kern0.5em \mathrm{p}\mathrm{b}\kern0.5em \mathrm{and}\kern0.5em \sigma \left( pp\to pY(2S)p\right)=1.3\pm 0.8\pm 0.3\kern0.5em \mathrm{p}\mathrm{b}, $ where the first uncertainties are statistical and the second are systematic. The Υ(1S) crosssection is also measured as a function of rapidity and is found to be in good agreement with Standard Model predictions. An upper limit is set at 3.4 pb at the 95% confidence level for the exclusive Υ(3S) production cross-section, including possible contamination from χ$_{b}$ (3P ) → Υ(3S)γ decays.

2 data tables

Production cross-section for the $\Upsilon(1S)$ resonance in ranges of $\Upsilon(1S)$ rapidity, where the muons are required to lie in the pseudorapidity range $2 < \eta(\mu^{\pm}) < 4.5$. The first uncertainties are statistical and the second ones are systematic.

Differential production cross-section for $\Upsilon(1S)$, where the data have been corrected for the effect of the LHCb geometrical acceptance. The statistical and systematic uncertainties are combined in quadrature.


Measurement of the forward $Z$ boson production cross-section in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Adeva, Bernardo ; Adinolfi, Marco ; et al.
JHEP 1508 (2015) 039, 2015.
Inspire Record 1373300 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.2114

A measurement of the production cross-section for Z bosons that decay to muons is presented. The data were recorded by the LHCb detector during pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV, and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 1.0 fb$^{−1}$. The cross-section is measured for muons in the pseudorapidity range 2.0 < η < 4.5 with transverse momenta p$_{T}$ > 20 GeV/c. The dimuon mass is restricted to 60 < M$_{μ}$ +$_{μ}$ − < 120 GeV/c$^{2}$. The measured cross-section is $ {\sigma}_{Z\to \mu }{+}_{\mu }-=\left(76.0\pm 0.3\pm 0.5\pm 1.0\pm 1.3\right)\mathrm{p}\mathrm{b} $

11 data tables

Inclusive cross-section for $Z$ boson production in bins of rapidity. The uncertainties are statistical, systematic, beam and luminosity.

Inclusive cross-section for $Z$ boson production in bins of transverse momentum. The uncertainties are statistical, systematic, beam and luminosity.

Inclusive cross-section for $Z$ boson production in bins of PHI*. The uncertainties are statistical, systematic, beam and luminosity.

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Measurement of the forward $W$ boson cross-section in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 7 {\rm \, TeV}$

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Adeva, Bernardo ; Adinolfi, Marco ; et al.
JHEP 1412 (2014) 079, 2014.
Inspire Record 1311488 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.11760
4 data tables

Correction for final state radiation for $W^+ \rightarrow \mu^+\nu$ and $W^- \rightarrow \mu^-\bar{\nu}$ in bins of muon pseudorapidity. No loss due FSR is observed for $W^-$ in the last pseudorapidity bin because of lack of statistics.

Inclusive cross-section for $W^+$ and $W^-$ boson production in bins of muon pseudorapidity. The uncertainties are statistical, systematic and luminosity.

Ratio of $W^+$ to $W^-$ cross-section in bins of muon pseudorapidity. The uncertainties are statistical and systematic.

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Study of $\Upsilon$ production and cold nuclear matter effects in $p$Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$=5 TeV

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Adeva, Bernardo ; Adinolfi, Marco ; et al.
JHEP 1407 (2014) 094, 2014.
Inspire Record 1297230 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64175

Production of $\Upsilon$ mesons in proton-lead collisions at a nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=5 \mathrm{TeV}$ is studied with the LHCb detector. The analysis is based on a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $1.6 \mathrm{nb}^{-1}$. The $\Upsilon$ mesons of transverse momenta up to $15 \mathrm{GeV}/c$ are reconstructed in the dimuon decay mode. The rapidity coverage in the centre-of-mass system is $1.5 < y < 4.0$ (forward region) and $-5.0 < y < -2.5$ (backward region). The forward-backward production ratio and the nuclear modification factor for $\Upsilon(1S)$ mesons are determined. The data are compatible with the predictions for a suppression of $\Upsilon(1S)$ production with respect to proton-proton collisions in the forward region, and an enhancement in the backward region. The suppression is found to be smaller than in the case of prompt $J/\psi$ mesons.

5 data tables

The product of production cross-section and branching fraction for upsilon mesons in the backward and forward regions.

The product of production cross-section and branching fraction for UPSILON(1S) in the common rapidity range.

The production ratios of excited upsilon mesons in the backward and forward regions.

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Measurement of $\psi(2S)$ polarisation in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Adeva, Bernardo ; Adinolfi, Marco ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C74 (2014) 2872, 2014.
Inspire Record 1283844 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64674

The polarisation of prompt $\psi(2S)$ mesons is measured by performing an angular analysis of $\psi(2S)\rightarrow \mu^{+} \mu^{-}$ decays using proton-proton collision data, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.0 fb$^{-1}$, collected by the LHCb detector at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV. The polarisation is measured in bins of transverse momentum $p_\mathrm{T}$ and rapidity $y$ in the kinematic region $3.5<p_\mathrm{T}<15$ GeV$/c$ and $2.0<y<4.5$, and is compared to theoretical models. No significant polarisation is observed.

8 data tables

The measured prompt PSI(2S) polarisation parameter LAMBDA(THETA) in bins of YRAP and PT in the helicity frame.

The measured prompt PSI(2S) polarisation parameter LAMBDA(THETA PHI) in bins of YRAP and PT in the helicity frame.

The measured prompt PSI(2S) polarisation parameter LAMBDA(PHI) in bins of YRAP and PT in the helicity frame.

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Measurement of $\Upsilon$ production in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=2.76$ TeV

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Adeva, Bernardo ; Adinolfi, Marco ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C74 (2014) 2835, 2014.
Inspire Record 1280929 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.63971
10 data tables

Integrated cross-sections times dimuon branching fractions in the PT range < 15 GeV and rapidity in the range 2.0-4.5. The first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic.

Integrated cross-sections times dimuon branching fractions in the PT range < 15 GeV and rapidity in the range 2.5-4.0. The first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic.

Single differential cross-section for UPSI(1S) times the dimuon branching fraction as a function of PT for the rapidity region 2.0-4.5 without normalisation to the bin sizes. The first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic.

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Observation of associated production of a Z boson with a D meson in the forward region

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Adeva, Bernardo ; Adinolfi, Marco ; et al.
JHEP 1404 (2014) 091, 2014.
Inspire Record 1277075 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.61396

A search for associated production of a $Z$ boson with an open charm meson is presented using a data sample, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $1.0\,\mathrm{fb}^{-`}$ of proton--proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7\,TeV, collected by the LHCb experiment. %% Seven candidate events for associated production of a $Z$ boson with a $D^0$ meson and four candidate events for a $Z$ boson with a $D^+$ meson are observed with a combined significance of 5.1standard deviations. The production cross-sections in the forward region are measured to be $$\sigma_{Z\rightarrow\mu^+\mu^-\!,D^0} = 2.50\pm1.12\pm0.22pb$$ $$\sigma_{Z\rightarrow\mu^+\mu^-\!,D^+} = 0.44\pm0.23\pm0.03pb,$$ where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic.

1 data table

Cross-sections in the fiducial region for associated production of a Z boson and a D meson.


Updated measurements of exclusive $J/\psi$ and $\psi$(2S) production cross-sections in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Adeva, Bernardo ; Adinolfi, Marco ; et al.
J.Phys. G41 (2014) 055002, 2014.
Inspire Record 1277076 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66883

The differential cross-section as a function of rapidity has been measured for the exclusive production of $J/\psi$ and $\psi(2S)$ mesons in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV, using data collected by the LHCb experiment, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 930 pb$^{-1}$. The cross-sections times branching fractions to two muons having pseudorapidities between 2.0 and 4.5 are measured to be $$\begin{array}{rl} \sigma_{pp\rightarrow J/\psi\rightarrow{\mu^+}{\mu^-}}(2.0<\eta_{\mu^\pm }<4.5)=&291\pm 7\pm19 {\rm \ pb},\\ \sigma_{pp\rightarrow\psi(2S)\rightarrow{\mu^+}{\mu^-}}(2.0<\eta_{\mu^\pm}<4.5)=&6.5\pm 0.9\pm 0.4 {\rm \ pb},\end{array}$$ where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. The measurements agree with next-to-leading order QCD predictions as well as with models that include saturation effects.

2 data tables

Cross section times branching ratio to two muons with pseudorapidities between 2.0 and 4.5.

Cross-section measurements for $J/\psi$ and $\psi(2s)$ decaying into two muons (pb) as a function of rapidity. The tabulated errors are the uncorrelated statistical uncertainties.